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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 847-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988733

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the practical value of environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound in the preparation of pathological tissue sections. MethodsFrom February 2013 to December 2022, 2 518 pathological specimens submitted by Foshan Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were selected as the study objects. Two samples of the same specimen were randomly divided into two groups: the environment-friendly fast group, in which the pathological tissue sections were made by using the environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound; and the traditional group, in which formaldehyde, ethanol and xylene were used to make slices in the conventional way. The differences of hematoxylin (HE) staining effect, immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining effect and MDM2 gene detection result of atypical lipomatous tumor/highly differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDL) tissue sections between the two groups were compared. Results① The wax of the two groups' pathological tissues was dehydrated well and the tissue hardness was moderate. After HE staining, the sections of the two groups were intact, without cracks and tremor marks, and the contrast between nucleus and cytoplasm was appropriate, with good transparency, uniform staining, and no tissue loss. The excellent rate and score of HE staining in the environmental fast group were higher than those in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ2 = 3.125,P1 = 0.070;t = 0.965,P2 = 0.334). ②After IHC staining of the two groups of sections, the positive location of the cells was accurate, the staining was specific and uniform, the staining intensity was moderate, the staining sensitivity was good, and there was no tissue loss. The excellent rate of IHC staining and the positive rate of IHC staining in the environmental fast group were lower than those in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (χ12 = 2.769,P1 = 0.092;χ22 = 0.800,P2 = 0.375). ③The background and outline of the two groups of WDL tissue sections were clear, the staining was uniform, the cells were clear and visible, the nuclear boundary was clear, the hybridization signal was clear and bright under the background fluorescence, and there was no miscellaneous signal. The two groups of sections were hybridized successfully, and MDM2 showed positive amplification. The number of cells successfully hybridized in the environment-friendly fast group was lower than that in the traditional group, but the difference was not statistically significant (t = 1.414,P = 0.230). ConclusionsThe tissue treatment method of using environment-friendly sample release agent combined with ultrasound can ensure the detection effect of HE staining, IHC staining and MDM2 gene detection of pathological tissue sections, and is more efficient and environment-friendly, suitable for promotion and use in hospitals at all levels.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 877-884, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985607

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between muscle mass and quality of life in adults in Shaanxi adults. Methods: The data in this analysis were part of the baseline survey of the Regional Ethnic Cohort Study in Northwest China from June 2018 to May 2019 in Shaanxi Province. The participants' quality of life, including physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS), was assessed by the 12-Item Short Form Survey, and the Body Fat Determination System measured muscle mass. A logistic regression model with adjustment for confounding factors was established to analyze the association between muscle mass and quality of life in different genders. Further, sensitivity and subgroup analyses were conducted to explore its stability. Finally, a restricted cubic spline was employed to investigate the dose-response relationship between muscle mass and quality of life in different genders. Results: A total of 20 595 participants were included, with an average age of 55.0, and 33.4% were male. After controlling for potential confounders, compared with the Q1 group, the risk of low PCS was reduced by 20.6% (OR=0.794, 95%CI: 0.681-0.925) and the risk of low MCS was lower reduced by 20.1% (OR=0.799, 95%CI: 0.689-0.926) in female Q5 groups. Compared with the Q1 group, the risk of low PCS was reduced by 24.4% (OR=0.756, 95%CI: 0.644-0.888) in the male Q2 group. However, no significant association between muscle mass and MCS in males has been found. In females, restricted cubic spline analysis showed a significant linear dose-response relationship between muscle mass and PCS and MCS. Conclusions: There is a positive association between muscle mass and quality of life in Shaanxi adults, especially females. With the increase in muscle mass, the physical and mental functions of the population continue to improve.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Male , Quality of Life , Cohort Studies , Adipose Tissue , China , Muscles
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5404-5409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008738

ABSTRACT

Accurate assessment of the risks associated with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), such as the potential to induce serious cardiovascular adverse reactions including cardiac arrhythmias, is crucial. This article introduced the pharmacological evaluation strategies for cardiac safety and the progress in cardiac organ research, with a focus on discussing the application prospects of human induced pluripotent stem cells(hiPSCs) and organoids in assessing the risks of TCM-induced cardiac arrhythmias. Compared with traditional animal models, hiPSCs and organoid models provide better reference and predictive capabilities, allowing for more accurate simulation of human cardiac responses. Researchers have successfully generated various cardiac tissue models that mimic the structure and function of the heart to evaluate the effects of TCM on the heart. The hiPSCs model, by reprogramming adult cells into pluripotent stem cells and differentiating them into cardiac cells, enables the generation of personalized cardiac tissue, which better reflects individual differences and drug responses. This provides guidance for the assessment of TCM cardiac toxicity risks. By combining organoid model with cardiac safety pharmacology strategies such as electrocardiogram monitoring and ion channel function assessment, the impact of TCM on the heart can be comprehensively evaluated. In addition, the application of the Comprehensive in Vitro Proarrhythmia Assay(CiPA) approach improves the accuracy of evaluation. Applying the CiPA approach to TCM research reveals potential risks and provides a scientific basis for the clinical application and industrial development of TCM. In conclusion, organoid model and cardiac safety pharmacology evaluation strategies provide important tools for assessing the cardiac toxicity risks of TCM. The combination of hiPSCs model, comprehensive assessment methods, and the CiPA strategy enables an accurate assessment of the risks of TCM-induced cardiac arrhythmias, thus providing a scientific basis for the safe use and international recognition of TCM in clinical practice. This contributes to ensuring the safety and efficacy of TCM and promoting its clinical application and global acceptance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/adverse effects , Cardiotoxicity , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/chemically induced , Myocytes, Cardiac , Organoids , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects
4.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 173-206, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982584

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is defined as an iron-dependent regulated form of cell death driven by lipid peroxidation. In the past decade, it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of various diseases that together involve almost every organ of the body, including various cancers, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, liver diseases, kidney diseases, endocrine metabolic diseases, iron-overload-related diseases, orthopedic diseases and autoimmune diseases. Understanding the underlying molecular mechanisms of ferroptosis and its regulatory pathways could provide additional strategies for the management of these disease conditions. Indeed, there are an expanding number of studies suggesting that ferroptosis serves as a bona-fide target for the prevention and treatment of these diseases in relevant pre-clinical models. In this review, we summarize the progress in the research into ferroptosis and its regulatory mechanisms in human disease, while providing evidence in support of ferroptosis as a target for the treatment of these diseases. We also discuss our perspectives on the future directions in the targeting of ferroptosis in human disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferroptosis , Autoimmune Diseases , Cardiovascular Diseases , Iron , Musculoskeletal Diseases
5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1391-1395, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935020

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the imaging characteristics of dense automatic real time B-scan optical coherence tomography angiography(DART-OCTA)in macular-involved branch retinal vein occlusion(BRVO)and the diagnostic value of capillary perfusion imaging in the macular area.METHODS: From June 2020 to December 2020, there were 51 cases of 51 eyes with BRVO diagnosed in Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University. Imaging characteristics of the BRVO macular area were observed by fluorescein angiography(FA), optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)and DART-OCTA examination, respectively. According to the retinal capillary perfusion status, the included patients were divided into capillary and non-imaging groups, comparing the results of capillary perfusion imaging in the BRVO macular area among the three examination methods.Furthermore, quantitative analysis of capillary perfusion density in the lesion involved area and the lesion non-involved area was performed in DART-OCTA images. RESULTS: Patients with 51 eyes were included in this study, FA identified 10 eyes of capillary perfusion imaging, OCTA identified 14 eyes of capillary perfusion imaging, DART-OCTA identified 34 eyes of the capillary perfusion imaging.Comparison of the three test methods for capillary perfusion imaging findings in the BRVO macular area showed that DART-OCTA was more sensitive compared to FA and OCTA for capillary perfusion imaging in the ischemic area. In DART-OCTA examination, retinal capillary blood flow density was lower in the lesion-involved areas in both the capillary perfusion imaging group and the non-imaging groups(0.65±0.20/mm vs 1.16±0.31/mm,0.41±0.16/mm vs 1.06±0.38/mm, all P<0.0001).CONCLUSION: DART-OCTA can provide clearer tomographic imaging of retinal capillary perfusion. And the imaging with its observation of BRVO involving the macular area is least affected by macular hemorrhage and it is an important complementary method for BRVO patients with significant retinal hemorrhage.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1056-1070, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955224

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognostic influencing factors of radical surgery for duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 741 duodenal GIST patients who under-went radical surgery in 17 medical centers, including 121 cases in Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 121 cases in Chinese PLA General Hospital, 116 cases in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 77 cases in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 77 cases in West China Hospital, Sichuan University, 31 cases in Guangdong Provincial People′s Hospital, 24 cases in Fujian Cancer Hospital, 22 cases in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, 25 cases in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, 19 cases in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, 23 cases in Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, 17 cases in Liaoning Cancer Hospital&Institute, 17 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, 15 cases in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, 14 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 14 cases in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Xiamen University and 8 cases in General Hospital of Chinese People′s Liberation Army Air Force, from January 2010 to April 2020 were collected. There were 346 males and 395 females, aged 55(range, 17?86)years. Observation indicators: (1) neoadjuvant treatment; (2) surgical and postoperative situations; (3) follow-up; (4) stratified analysis. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview. Patients were followed up once every 3?6 months during neoadjuvant therapy and once every 6?12 months after radical surgery to detect tumor recurrence and survival of patient up to April 2022. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves and calculate survival rates. Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. The COX regression model was used for univariate and multivariate analyses. Propensity score matching was done by the 1∶1 nearest neighbor matching method, and the matching tolerance was 0.02. Results:(1) Neoadjuvant therapy. Of the 741 patients, 34 cases received neoadjuvant therapy for 8(range, 3?44)months. Cases assessed as partial response, stable disease and progressive disease before the radical surgery of the 34 cases were 21, 9, 4, respectively. The tumor diameter of the 34 patients before the neoadjuvant therapy and before the radical surgery were 8.0(range, 3.0?26.0)cm and 5.3(range, 3.0?18.0)cm, with the regression rate as 31.9%(range, ?166.7% to 58.3%). (2) Surgical and postoperative situations. Of the 741 patients, 34 cases underwent radical surgery after receiving neoadjuvant therapy, and 707 cases underwent radical surgery directly. All the 741 patients underwent radical surgery successfully, in which 633, 102 and 6 cases received open surgery, laparoscopic surgery and endoscopic treatment, respectively. Of the 633 cases receiving open surgery and the 102 cases receiving laparoscopic surgery, cases with surgical resection range as pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) was 238, and cases with surgical resection range as duodenal limited resection, including duodenal wedge resection, distal gastrectomy, segmental duodenal resection, local resection of duodenal tumor or segmental duodenum combined with subtotal gastrectomy, was 497, 226, 55, 204, 12. Of the 741 patients, 131 cases had post-operative complications including 113 cases with grade Ⅰ?Ⅱ complications and 18 cases with ≥ grade Ⅲ complications of the Clavien-Dindo classification. The duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 741 patients was 13(range, 4?120)days. Of the 707 patients receiving direct radical surgery, 371 cases were evaluated as extremely low risk, low risk, medium risk of the modified National Institutes of Health (NIH) risk classification after surgery, and 336 cases were evaluated as high risk in which 205 cases receive postoperative adjuvant imatinib therapy with the treatment time as 24(range, 6?110)months. (3) Follow-up. All the 741 patients were followed up for 58(range, 7?150)months. During the follow-up, 110 patients had tumor recurrence and metastasis. The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates and 1-, 3-, 5-year disease-free survival rates of the 741 patients were 100.0%, 98.6%, 94.5% and 98.4%, 90.9%, 84.9%, respectively. The 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rates and 1-, 3-, 5-year disease-free survival rates of the 707 patients receiving direct radical surgery were 100.0%, 98.5%, 94.3% and 98.4%, 91.1%, 85.4%, respectively. (4) Stratified analysis. ① Analysis of prognostic factors in patients undergoing radical surgery directly. Results of univariate analysis showed that primary tumor location, tumor diameter, mitotic count, modified NIH risk classification and tumor gene information were related factors affecting the overall survival of 707 patients with primary duodenal GIST who underwent direct radical surgery ( hazard ratio=0.43, 0.18, 0.22, 0.06, 0.29, 95% confidence intervals as 0.20?0.93, 0.09?0.35, 0.10?0.50, 0.03?0.12, 0.09?0.95, P<0.05). The primary tumor location, tumor diameter, mitotic count, modified NIH risk classification were related factors affecting the disease-free survival of 707 patients with primary duodenal GIST who underwent direct radical surgery ( hazard ratio=0.65, 0.25, 0.25, 0.10, 95% confidence intervals as 0.41?1.03, 0.17?0.37, 0.15?0.42, 0.07?0.15, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that primary tumor located at the horizontal segment of duodenum, mitotic count >5/50 high power field, tumor gene KIT exon 9 mutation were independent risk factors affecting the overall survival of 365 patients with primary duodenal GIST after removing 342 patients without tumor gene information who underwent direct radical surgery ( hazard ratio=2.85, 2.73, 3.13, 95% confidence intervals as 1.12?7.20, 1.07?6.94, 1.23?7.93, P<0.05). Tumor diameter >5 cm and mitotic count >5/50 high power field were independent risk factors affecting the disease-free survival of 707 patients with primary duodenal GIST who underwent direct radical surgery ( hazard ratio=3.19, 2.98, 95% confidence intervals as 2.05?4.97, 1.99?4.45, P<0.05). ② Effect of postoperative adjuvant therapy on prognosis of high-risk patients of modified NIH risk classification. Of the 336 patients evaluated as high risk of the modified NIH risk classification, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 94.6% and 77.3% in the 205 cases with postoperative adjuvant therapy, versus 83.2% and 64.4% in the 131 cases without postoperative adjuvant therapy, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=8.39, 4.44, P<0.05). Of the 205 patients evaluated as high risk of the modified NIH risk classification who received postoperative adjuvant therapy, there were 106 cases receiving postoperative adjuvant therapy <36 months, with the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 87.1% and 58.7%, and there were 99 cases receiving post-operative adjuvant therapy ≥36 months, with the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 100.0% and 91.5%. There were significant differences in the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate between the 106 patients and the 99 patients ( χ2=13.92, 29.61, P<0.05). ③ Comparison of clinical efficacy of patients with different surgical methods. Before propensity score matching, cases with primary tumor located at bulb, descending, horizontal, ascending segment of duodenum, cases with tumor diameter ≤5 cm and >5 cm were 95, 307, 147, 34, 331, 252, in the 583 patients receiving open surgery with complete clinical data, versus 15, 46, 17, 5, 67, 16 in the 83 patients receiving laparoscopic surgery with complete clinical data, showing no significant difference in the primary tumor location ( χ2=0.94, P>0.05), and a significant difference in the tumor diameter ( χ2=17.33, P<0.05) between them. After propensity score matching, the above indicator were 16, 39, 20, 8, 67, 16 in the 83 patients receiving open surgery, versus 15, 46, 17, 5, 67, 16 in the 83 patients receiving laparoscopic surgery, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=1.54, 0.00, P>0.05). Cases with postoperative complications, cases with grade Ⅰ?Ⅱ complica-tions and ≥grade Ⅲ complications of the Clavien-Dindo classification, duration of postoperative hospital stay, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 17, 12, 5, 11(range, 5?120)days, 92.0%, 100.0% in the 83 patients receiving open surgery, versus 9, 7, 2, 11(range, 5?41)days, 91.6%, 97.3% in the 83 patients receiving laparoscopic surgery, showing no signi-ficant difference in postoperative complications, duration of postoperative hospital stay, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate ( χ2=2.91, Z=3 365.50, χ2=3.02, 1.49, P>0.05) between them. There was no significant difference in complications of the Clavien-Dindo classification between them ( P>0.05). ④ Comparison of clinical efficacy of patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent surgery with different surgical resection scopes. Before propensity score matching, cases with tumor diameter ≤5 cm and >5 cm, cases with tumor located at opposite side of mesangium and mesangium were 71, 85, 28, 128 in the 156 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent PD with complete clinical data, versus 92, 41, 120, 13 in the 133 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent duodenal limited resection with complete clinical data, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=16.34, 150.10, P<0.05). After propensity score matching, the above indicator were 28, 13, 16, 25 in the 41 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent PD with complete clinical data, versus 28, 13, 16, 25 in the 41 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent duodenal limited resection with complete clinical data, showing no significant difference between them ( χ2=0.00, 0.00, P>0.05). Cases with postopera-tive complications, cases with grade Ⅰ?Ⅱ complications and ≥grade Ⅲ compli-cations of the Clavien-Dindo classification, duration of postoperative hospital stay, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate were 13, 11, 2, 15(range, 9?62)days, 94.2%, 64.3% in the 41 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent PD with complete clinical data, versus 9, 8, 0, 15(range, 7?40)days, 100.0%, 78.8% in the 41 patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum who underwent duodenal limited resection with complete clinical data, showing no significant difference in post-operative complica-tions, the 5-year overall survival rate and 5-year disease-free survival rate ( χ2=0.99, 0.34, 1.86, P>0.05) between them. There was no significant difference in complications of the Clavien-Dindo classification ( P>0.05) and there was a significant difference in duration of postopera-tive hospital stay ( Z=614.50, P<0.05) between them. Conclusions:The clinical efficacy of radical surgery for duodenal GIST are ideal. Primary tumor located at the horizontal segment of duodenum, mitotic count >5/50 high power field, tumor gene KIT exon 9 mutation are independent risk factors affec-ting the overall survival of patients undergoing direct radical surgery and tumor diameter >5 cm and mitotic count >5/50 high power field are independent risk factors affecting the disease-free survival of patients. There is no significant difference in the short-term efficacy and long-term prognosis between patients undergoing open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. For patients with primary tumor located at the descending segment of duodenum, the duration of postoperative hospital stay is longer in patients undergoing PD compared with patients undergoing duodenal limited resection. For patients evaluated as high risk of the modified NIH risk classification, posto-perative adjuvant therapy and treatment time ≥36 months are conducive to improving the prognosis of patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 654-661, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939644

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a nomogram model for predicting the risk of death of very preterm infants during hospitalization.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 1 714 very preterm infants who were admitted to the Department of Neonatology, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, from January 2015 to December 2019. These infants were randomly divided into a training cohort (1 179 infants) and a validation cohort (535 infants) at a ratio of 7∶3. The logistic regression analysis was used to screen out independent predictive factors and establish a nomogram model, and the feasibility of the nomogram model was assessed by the validation set. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), calibration curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to assess the discriminatory ability, accuracy, and clinical applicability of the model.@*RESULTS@#Among the 1 714 very preterm infants, 260 died and 1 454 survived during hospitalization. By the multivariate logistic regression analysis of the training set, 8 variables including gestational age <28 weeks, birth weight <1 000 g, severe asphyxia, severe intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), grade III-IV respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and sepsis, cesarean section, and use of prenatal glucocorticoids were selected and a nomogram model for predicting the risk of death during hospitalization was established. In the training cohort, the nomogram model had an AUC of 0.790 (95%CI: 0.751-0.828) in predicting the death of very preterm infants during hospitalization, while in the validation cohort, it had an AUC of 0.808 (95%CI: 0.754-0.861). The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test showed a good fit (P>0.05). DCA results showed a high net benefit of clinical intervention in very preterm infants when the threshold probability was 10%-60% for the training cohort and 10%-70% for the validation cohort.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A nomogram model for predicting the risk of death during hospitalization has been established and validated in very preterm infants, which can help clinicians predict the probability of death during hospitalization in these infants.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Fetal Growth Retardation , Hospitalization , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 351-356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the coexisting mutations and clinical significance of Homo sapiens neuroblastoma RAS viral oncogene homolog (NRAS) gene in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#High-throughput DNA sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to detect 51 gene mutations. The occurrence, clinical characteristics and treatment efficacy of coexisting genes with NRAS were investigated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 57 NRAS mutations (17.5%) were detected in 326 patients with AML. Compared with the patients in NRAS non-mutation group, patients in the mutant group were younger (P=0.018) and showed lower platelet count (P=0.033), but there was no significant difference in peripheral leukocyte count, hemoglobin, and sex. For FAB classification, NRAS mutation and M2 subtype showed mutually exclusive (P=0.038). Among 57 patients carried with NRAS mutation, 51 (89.5%) patients carried with other gene mutations, 25 (43.9%) carried with double gene mutations, 10 (17.5%) carried with 3 gene mutations, and 16 (28.1%) corried with ≥ 4 gene mutations. The most common coexisting gene mutation was KRAS (24.6%, 14/57), followed by FLT3-ITD (14.0%, 8/57), RUNX1 (12.3%, 7/57), NPM1 (10.5%, 6/57), PTPN11 (10.5%, 6/57), DNMT3A (10.5%, 6/57) and so on. The age (P=0.013, P=0.005) and peripheral platelet count (P=0.007, P=0.021) of patients with NPM1 or DNMT3A mutations were higher than those of the patients with wild type, but there was no significant difference in peripheral leukocyte count and hemoglobin. Also, there was no significant difference in age, peripheral leukocyte count, hemoglobin, and peripheral platelet count between the patients in KRAS, FLT3-ITD, RUNX1 or PTPN11 mutant group and the wild group. Patients with FLT3-ITD mutations showed a lower complete remission (CR) rate (P=0.044). However, there was no significant difference in CR rate between the patients with KRAS, NPM1, RUNX1, PTPN11 or DNMT3A mutations and the wild group. The CR rate of the patents with single gene mutation, double gene mutations, 3 gene mutations, and≥ 4 gene mutations were decreased gradually, and there was no significant difference in CR rate between pairwise comparisons.@*CONCLUSION@#The mutation rate of NRAS mutation is 17.5%, 89.5% of AML patients with NRAS mutation coexist with additional gene mutations. The type of coexisting mutations has a certain impact on clinical characteristics and CR rate of patients with AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
9.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 403-412, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942902

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of perioperative chemotherapy on the prognosis of gastric cancer patients under real-world condition. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Real world data of gastric cancer patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy in 33 domestic hospitals from January 1, 2014 to January 31, 2016 were collected. Inclusion criteria: (1) gastric adenocarcinoma was confirmed by histopathology, and clinical stage was cT2-4aN0-3M0 (AJCC 8th edition); (2) D2 radical gastric cancer surgery was performed; (3) at least one cycle of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) was completed; (4) at least 4 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) [SOX (S-1+oxaliplatin) or CapeOX (capecitabine + oxaliplatin)] were completed. Exclusion criteria: (1) complicated with other malignant tumors; (2) radiotherapy received; (3) patients with incomplete data. The enrolled patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy were included in the perioperative chemotherapy group, and those who received only postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy were included in the surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy group. Propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to control selection bias. The primary outcome were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) after PSM. OS was defined as the time from the first neoadjuvant chemotherapy (operation + adjuvant chemotherapy group: from the date of operation) to the last effective follow-up or death. PFS was defined as the time from the first neoadjuvant chemotherapy (operation + adjuvant chemotherapy group: from the date of operation) to the first imaging diagnosis of tumor progression or death. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival rate, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate the independent effect of perioperative chemo therapy on OS and PFS. Results: 2 045 cases were included, including 1 293 cases in the surgery+adjuvant chemotherapy group and 752 cases in the perioperative chemotherapy group. After PSM, 492 pairs were included in the analysis. There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, body mass index, tumor stage before treatment, and tumor location between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared with the surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy group, patients in the perioperative chemotherapy group had higher proportion of total gastrectomy (χ(2)=40.526, P<0.001), smaller maximum tumor diameter (t=3.969, P<0.001), less number of metastatic lymph nodes (t=1.343, P<0.001), lower ratio of vessel invasion (χ(2)=11.897, P=0.001) and nerve invasion (χ(2)=12.338, P<0.001). In the perioperative chemotherapy group and surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy group, 24 cases (4.9%) and 17 cases (3.4%) developed postoperative complications, respectively, and no significant difference was found between two groups (χ(2)=0.815, P=0.367). The median OS of the perioperative chemotherapy group was longer than that of the surgery + adjuvant chemotherapy group (65 months vs. 45 months, HR: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.62-0.89, P=0.001); the median PFS of the perioperative chemotherapy group was also longer than that of the surgery+adjuvant chemotherapy group (56 months vs. 36 months, HR=0.72, 95% CI:0.61-0.85, P<0.001). The forest plot results of subgroup analysis showed that both men and women could benefit from perioperative chemotherapy (all P<0.05); patients over 45 years of age (P<0.05) and with normal body mass (P<0.01) could benefit significantly; patients with cTNM stage II and III presented a trend of benefit or could benefit significantly (P<0.05); patients with signet ring cell carcinoma benefited little (P>0.05); tumors in the gastric body and gastric antrum benefited more significantly (P<0.05). Conclusion: Perioperative chemotherapy can improve the prognosis of gastric cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Gastrectomy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
10.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 366-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907546

ABSTRACT

The molecular mechanism of the skipping mutation of MET14 exon (METex14) is mainly that the skipping of METex14 leads to the loss of the c-Cbl tyrosine binding site, which causes the proteasome-mediated degradation of MET protein to decrease, which continuously activates the MET signal, and finally leads to tumorigenesis. The incidence of METex14 skipping mutations in non-small cell lung cancer is 3%-4%. Drugs that act on skipping mutations of METex14 include crizotinib, capmatinib, tepotinib, savolitinib, and have a high objective remission rate and good safety. However, due to gene amplification, second site mutations, bypass activation and pathological type conversion, drug resistance after targeted drug therapy requires attention.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 931-934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881440

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the longitudinal changes of refractive errors in adolescent myopia screening in the suburb of Shanghai, and to provide reference for targeted measures of myopia prevention and intervention.@*Methods@#By using the cluster sampling method, 1 346 students were selected from two primary schools in a town in the suburb of Shanghai. Physical development indicators and refractive examination parameters of non ciliary muscle paralysis, and uncorrected visual acuity in 2017 and 2020 were collected from the Shanghai adolescent refractive development file. Longitudinal change of spherical equivalent (SE) refractive were assessed. A linear regression model was used to examine the relationship between the rate of SE change with characteristics of the students.@*Results@#The average annual incidence of myopia was 16.36%, and the SE degrees of the left and right eyes of myopia students decreased by 225 degrees for three years. Girls (right eye Z=-4.33; left eye Z=-3.75, P<0.01), newly-onset myopia and persistent myopia (right eye Z=634.45; left eye Z=638.85, P<0.01) was a key for the rapid progress of refractive power.@*Conclusion@#The proportion of students with severe low vision is relatively high, and the apparent shifts toward more hyperopia in myopia students call for effective prevention and control programs based on changes in refractive to slow the progression of adolescent myopia.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1975-1981, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare supersaturated system of lip ophilic aci clovir(ACV)prodrug,and to increase the cutaneous bioavailability of ACV. METHODS :Three prodrugs of ACV were synthesized by anhydride acylation ,i.e. aciclovir acetate (ACV-Ace),butyrate(ACV-But)and hexanoate (ACV-Hex). The structures of ACV and three ACV prodrugs were confirmed by 1H-NMR and HRESI-MS ;the concentrations of ACV and three ACV prodrugs were determined by UPLC-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry ,and saturated solubility of them in different volume fractions of propylene glycol-water solution was calculated. The compound with the greatest potential of form supersaturated system was screened out. The supersaturated system of that compound was prepared by co-solvent method. The effect of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose E 3 (HPMC E 3) on its physical stability was observed by light microscope. Vertical Franz diffusion cells were used to study the effects of degree of supersaturation (DS)and HPMC E 3 on the deposited amount of drug in the excised porcine skin after using the supersaturated system for 1 h. The distribution of ACV in the excised porcine skin was determined by frozen slicing stratified quantitative method after using the supersaturated system and marketed aciclovir cream for 1 h. RESULTS :Three ACV prodrugs were successfully synthesized. The established quantification methods met the requirements of biological sample analysis. Among all of the three ACV prodrugs , ACV-Hex showed the lowest saturated solubility in water [ (0.5±0.0)mmol/L] a nd the highest saturated solubility in propylene glycol [(53.4 ± 14.2)mmol/L],which made it potentially feasible to form supersaturated system with high DS. In 10%propylene glycol-water system ,the addition of HPMC E 3 163.com enabled ACV-Hex supersaturated systems ,with DS no morethan 4,to maintain physical stability within 1 h. The total deposited amount (ACV + ACV-Hex ) in skin after the application of ACV-Hex supersaturated system with DS of 4 for 1 h was higher than that after the application of ACV-Hex supersaturated system with DS less than 4 or without HPMC E 3. In addition ,the concentration of ACV in the basal epidermis (skin thickness was 100-160 mm)by supersaturated system was significantly higher than that of the marketed aciclovir cream (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:ACV-Hex,the lipophilic prodrug of ACV ,can form stable supersaturated system with DS of 4 in 10% propylene glycol-water system in the presence of HPMC E 3. High concentration of ACV could be accumulated in the basal epidermis after the skin was exposed to supersaturated system for 1 h,which may be valuable for local treatment skin infection of herpes simplex virus .

13.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1190-1192, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004001

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the clinical applications of low ionic strength salt solution polyethylene glycol (LISS-PEG) and low ionic strength salt solution bovine serum albumin (LISS-BSA) in the indirect antiglobulin test (IAT). 【Methods】 The common standard red blood cell(RBC) IgG irregular antibodies (anti-D, anti-M, anti-N, anti-S, anti-s, anti-Jka, anti-Jkb, anti-Fya, anti-Fyb, anti-Dia, anti-K) were reacted with RBCs with corresponding antigens in IAT with LISS-PEG and LISS-BSA modification for 5-minute and 10-minute incubations, and then compared the results with conventional IAT. One hundred of blood samples from patients presenting irregular antibodies of erythrocyte IgG were selected to observe the effect of these two self-made modification. The agglutination intensity was recorded by AABB scoring method. 【Results】 No difference was noticed in IAT intensity reaction between LISS-PEG 5-minute and 15-minute incubation (P>0.05), nor between 5-minute/15-minute LISS-BSA incubation and conventional IAT (P>0.05). However, LISS-PEG modification demonstrated a significant superiority over the conventional technique just after incubation with 5 minutes(P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Using the self-made LISS-PEG as the enhancement medium allows not only reduced incubation time (5 minutes) but also increased intensity of the reaction, which shortens the cross-matching time for emergency blood transfusion and is worthy of popularization.

14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 575-581, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879896

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of very preterm infants with prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) and predictive factors for early-onset sepsis (EOS) and death.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the very preterm infants with PROM (with a gestational age of < 32 weeks) who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from January 2018 to May 2020. According to the time from membrane rupture to delivery, the infants were divided into four groups: < 18 hours (@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the incidence rates of major neonatal complications and mortality rate among the very preterm infants with different times of PROM (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prolonged PROM does not increase the incidence of neonatal complications and mortality in very preterm infants. Adverse outcomes of very preterm infants with PROM are mainly associated with lower birth weights, lung immaturity, and systemic infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 468-474, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between cervical microecology and cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL).Methods:All subjects were recruited from the health care center or gynecology of the Affiliated Wuxi No.2 People′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March to May of 2019, including 12 subjects normal cervix with 37-47 years old, 21 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) subjects with 39-48 years old, 5 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) subjects with 38-45 years old and 3 cervical squamous cell carcinoma subjects with 42-43 years old. All subjects were required to fill in a questionnaire, and performed cervical examination. Meanwhile, the microecology of cervical secretions was analyzed by the next generation sequencing (NGS) and the NGS results were analyzed by bioinformatics. Subjects were divided into human papilloma virus (HPV)-negative groups, low-risk HPV (lrHPV), 16/18 high-risk HPV (hrHPV) and other hrHPV infection groups based on HPV test results of NGS. The Venn diagram of data, microecology diversity, the relative abundance and co-occurrence of species, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were analyzed.Results:A total of 909 species at the species level were obtained from the cervical secretions of all the subjects, and there was overlap among the groups. There was no significant difference in total HPV infection rate, 16/18 hrHPV infection rate and other hrHPV infection rates among subjects with different cervical lesions (all of P>0.05). Grouped by HPV infection, the 16/18 hrHPV-infected and other hrHPV-infected subjects had increased cervical microecology diversity ( U=39.00 and 43.00, all of P<0.05), and the relative abundance of Lactobacillus crispatus (L.crispatus) had no differences among the groups ( H=4.37, P=0.213 6). Grouped by cervical conditions, the cervical microecology diversity of the subjects with cervical lesions increased ( H=14.60, P=0.002 2), while the L.crispatus relative abundance decreased ( H=13.98, P=0.000 8). Among all the detected species, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia and Streptococcus B had a co-occurrence, while Lactobacillus iners, Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae, and Prevotella bivia had a co-occurrence. As the SIL diagnostic index, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the relative L.crispatus relative abundance was 0.874 [95% confidence interval ( CI):0.732-0.957]. L.crispatus combined with Lactobacillus jensenii (L.jensenii) and Mycoplasma had an AUC of 0.943 [95 %CI: 0.822-0.991] in the SIL diagnosis. Conclusions:The decreased L.crispatus relative abundance and the increased cervical microecology diversity may be related to HPV infection and cervical lesions; simplified NGS data may be helpful to the SIL diagnosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 947-949, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870725

ABSTRACT

The effects and practicability of in situ simulation and standardized patient (SP) in residency training of general practice was evaluated in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital. From September 2017 to December 2019, typical cases were collected in accordance with the teaching objectives, the teaching plans of in situ simulation were established and simulation scenarios were set up; the SPs were recruited from nursing staff and retirees in the community. Forty general practice residents were randomly divided into two groups with 20 in each group. The traditional teaching group was given theoretical teaching, while the combined teaching group was taught by in-situ simulation combined with SP teaching. The satisfaction of residents, the scores of theory and skill were observed and compared between two groups.Results showed that the satisfaction of teaching method( t=-2.11, P<0.05), teaching effect( t=-4.25, P<0.01) and scores of history collection( t=-3.21, P<0.01) in the combination teaching group were significantly higher than those in the traditional teaching group. It is suggested that in situ simulation combined with SP teaching method can improve the satisfaction and teaching effect of the general practice residents.

17.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 79-82, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870615

ABSTRACT

The mentor system has been applied in the standardized residency training, currently the "one to one" ortwo mentors′ system are more common applied. However, the clinical training of general practitioners needs joint effort of mentors from the general practice department and specialists in hospital, as well as of mentors from primary health institutes. Thus, we proposed a "three-in-one" tutorial system, which consisted of one GP mentor, one specialists in the hospital and one primary physician for residency training of general practice. The implementation of the "three-in-one" system has motivated the enthusiasm of specialists and community instructors, and enhanced their responsibility. The mentors from different department can learn from each other and complement each other, so the overall teaching level can be raised and the quality of standardized training of general practitioners can be improved.

18.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 116-119, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870013

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between thyroid hormones and visceral fat area(VFA) in the patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:A total of 729 patients with type 2 diabetes, who joined National Metabolic Management Center(MMC) through Ningbo First Hospital from March, 2018 to July, 2019, were enrolled in this study. Blood tests were taken to assess their thyroid hormones and biochemical indexes. VFA and subcutaneous fat area(SFA) were obtained through bioelectrical impedance analysis. Statistics were later analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis and multivariate linear regression. Results:Spearman correlation analysis showed that VFA were positively correlated with T 3、FT 3( r=0.225 and 0.211, P<0.01), and VFA were inversely correlated with FT 4( r=-0.112, P<0.01). No correlation was found between VFA and either of T 4 or TSH( P>0.05). Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that VFA was independently correlated with FT 4 and FT 3( P<0.01). An increment of 1 pmol/L in FT 4 was associated with 1.759 cm 2 increase in VFA, and increment of 1 pmol/L in FT 3 was associated with 3.256 cm 2 decrease in VFA. Conclusion:VFA in patients with type 2 diabetes are correlated with FT 3 and FT 4.

19.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (12): 333-338, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843240

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the sleep quality of depressive patients with and without anxiety symptoms. Methods: Hamilton Depression Scale-17 (HAMD-17), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale (PSQI) were used to assess the level of patients' depression, anxiety and sleep quality. The HAMA scores of patients ranged from 0 to 6 were in the anxiety-free group, 7 to 13 in the anxiety-prone group, and 14 or more in the anxiety group. Results: The PSQI scores of the group with anxiety were higher than those of anxiety-prone group and anxiety-free group (both P=0.000). Partial correlation analysis showed that, after controlling HAMD-17 scores, the correlation between HAMA scores and PSQI scores reduced gradually with the increase of anxiety level. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that sleep disorder was still an independent risk factor for depression after controlling HAMA score. Sleep latency, sleep time, hypnotics and daytime dysfunction were independent predictive factors of HAMD-17 score (all P<0.05). Conclusion: In patients with depressive disorder, the severity of sleep disorder increases with the increase of anxiety level. In the case of comorbidity anxiety, sleep disorder is still an independent risk factor for depressive disorder, and the relationship between depressive symptoms and sleep disorder indicators of different dimensions suggests that sleep disorder plays a comprehensive role in the pathogenesis of depressive disorder.

20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 142-146, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799383

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the mortality rate and relative factors associate with ventricular septal rupture in myocardial infarction patients.@*Methods@#A total of 51 patients who suffered from myocardial infarction complicating with ventricular septal rupture received operative procedures between January 2005 and December 2018 in Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 34 males and 17 females, with an age of (63±8) years (range: 44 to 82 years). The time between ventricular septal rupture and surgical procedure was (44±39) days (range: 3 to 187 days). The t test and χ2 test were used for univariate analysis, Logistics regression model was used for multivariate analysis of in-hospital mortality relative factors.@*Results@#There were 8 patients dead in hospital, 43 patients survived, the overall mortality rate was 15.7% in hospital. The post-operation mortality rate was 2/3 of who suffered ventricular septal rupture and underwent operation within 1 week, but it′s markedly decreased to 6.5% if the time over 4 weeks. Univariate analysis showed that renal failure before operation, creatinine before operation, left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac function (New York Heart Association) grade Ⅳ, severe tricuspid regurgitation, dialysis post-operation, creatinine of the first day of post-operation, the time between and operation more than 4 weeks were in-hospital mortality relative factors. Multivariate analysis reflected that advanced age (OR=1.32, 95%CI: 1.05 to 1.75, P=0.033), cardiac function grade Ⅳ (OR=2.25, 95%CI: 1.62 to 2.82, P=0.003), severe tricuspid regurgitation (OR= 1.82, 95%CI: 1.31 to 2.43, P=0.001), renal failure before operation (OR=1.78, 95%CI: 1.26 to 2.32, P=0.015), the time between ventricular septal rupture and operation less than 1 week (OR=2.50, 95%CI: 1.52 to 2.98, P=0.012), were independent in-hospital mortality relative factors.@*Conclusions@#The surgery operation is an effective way to deal with ventricular septal rupture combined with myocardial infarction. The independent relative factors of in-hospital mortality are advanced age, cardiac function grade Ⅳ, renal failure before operation, severe tricuspid regurgitation, the time between ventricular septal rupture and operation less than 1 week.

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