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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the coexisting mutations and clinical significance of Homo sapiens neuroblastoma RAS viral oncogene homolog (NRAS) gene in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#High-throughput DNA sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to detect 51 gene mutations. The occurrence, clinical characteristics and treatment efficacy of coexisting genes with NRAS were investigated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 57 NRAS mutations (17.5%) were detected in 326 patients with AML. Compared with the patients in NRAS non-mutation group, patients in the mutant group were younger (P=0.018) and showed lower platelet count (P=0.033), but there was no significant difference in peripheral leukocyte count, hemoglobin, and sex. For FAB classification, NRAS mutation and M2 subtype showed mutually exclusive (P=0.038). Among 57 patients carried with NRAS mutation, 51 (89.5%) patients carried with other gene mutations, 25 (43.9%) carried with double gene mutations, 10 (17.5%) carried with 3 gene mutations, and 16 (28.1%) corried with ≥ 4 gene mutations. The most common coexisting gene mutation was KRAS (24.6%, 14/57), followed by FLT3-ITD (14.0%, 8/57), RUNX1 (12.3%, 7/57), NPM1 (10.5%, 6/57), PTPN11 (10.5%, 6/57), DNMT3A (10.5%, 6/57) and so on. The age (P=0.013, P=0.005) and peripheral platelet count (P=0.007, P=0.021) of patients with NPM1 or DNMT3A mutations were higher than those of the patients with wild type, but there was no significant difference in peripheral leukocyte count and hemoglobin. Also, there was no significant difference in age, peripheral leukocyte count, hemoglobin, and peripheral platelet count between the patients in KRAS, FLT3-ITD, RUNX1 or PTPN11 mutant group and the wild group. Patients with FLT3-ITD mutations showed a lower complete remission (CR) rate (P=0.044). However, there was no significant difference in CR rate between the patients with KRAS, NPM1, RUNX1, PTPN11 or DNMT3A mutations and the wild group. The CR rate of the patents with single gene mutation, double gene mutations, 3 gene mutations, and≥ 4 gene mutations were decreased gradually, and there was no significant difference in CR rate between pairwise comparisons.@*CONCLUSION@#The mutation rate of NRAS mutation is 17.5%, 89.5% of AML patients with NRAS mutation coexist with additional gene mutations. The type of coexisting mutations has a certain impact on clinical characteristics and CR rate of patients with AML.


Subject(s)
Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 931-934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881440

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the longitudinal changes of refractive errors in adolescent myopia screening in the suburb of Shanghai, and to provide reference for targeted measures of myopia prevention and intervention.@*Methods@#By using the cluster sampling method, 1 346 students were selected from two primary schools in a town in the suburb of Shanghai. Physical development indicators and refractive examination parameters of non ciliary muscle paralysis, and uncorrected visual acuity in 2017 and 2020 were collected from the Shanghai adolescent refractive development file. Longitudinal change of spherical equivalent (SE) refractive were assessed. A linear regression model was used to examine the relationship between the rate of SE change with characteristics of the students.@*Results@#The average annual incidence of myopia was 16.36%, and the SE degrees of the left and right eyes of myopia students decreased by 225 degrees for three years. Girls (right eye Z=-4.33; left eye Z=-3.75, P<0.01), newly-onset myopia and persistent myopia (right eye Z=634.45; left eye Z=638.85, P<0.01) was a key for the rapid progress of refractive power.@*Conclusion@#The proportion of students with severe low vision is relatively high, and the apparent shifts toward more hyperopia in myopia students call for effective prevention and control programs based on changes in refractive to slow the progression of adolescent myopia.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907546

ABSTRACT

The molecular mechanism of the skipping mutation of MET14 exon (METex14) is mainly that the skipping of METex14 leads to the loss of the c-Cbl tyrosine binding site, which causes the proteasome-mediated degradation of MET protein to decrease, which continuously activates the MET signal, and finally leads to tumorigenesis. The incidence of METex14 skipping mutations in non-small cell lung cancer is 3%-4%. Drugs that act on skipping mutations of METex14 include crizotinib, capmatinib, tepotinib, savolitinib, and have a high objective remission rate and good safety. However, due to gene amplification, second site mutations, bypass activation and pathological type conversion, drug resistance after targeted drug therapy requires attention.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1975-1981, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To prepare supersaturated system of lip ophilic aci clovir(ACV)prodrug,and to increase the cutaneous bioavailability of ACV. METHODS :Three prodrugs of ACV were synthesized by anhydride acylation ,i.e. aciclovir acetate (ACV-Ace),butyrate(ACV-But)and hexanoate (ACV-Hex). The structures of ACV and three ACV prodrugs were confirmed by 1H-NMR and HRESI-MS ;the concentrations of ACV and three ACV prodrugs were determined by UPLC-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry ,and saturated solubility of them in different volume fractions of propylene glycol-water solution was calculated. The compound with the greatest potential of form supersaturated system was screened out. The supersaturated system of that compound was prepared by co-solvent method. The effect of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose E 3 (HPMC E 3) on its physical stability was observed by light microscope. Vertical Franz diffusion cells were used to study the effects of degree of supersaturation (DS)and HPMC E 3 on the deposited amount of drug in the excised porcine skin after using the supersaturated system for 1 h. The distribution of ACV in the excised porcine skin was determined by frozen slicing stratified quantitative method after using the supersaturated system and marketed aciclovir cream for 1 h. RESULTS :Three ACV prodrugs were successfully synthesized. The established quantification methods met the requirements of biological sample analysis. Among all of the three ACV prodrugs , ACV-Hex showed the lowest saturated solubility in water [ (0.5±0.0)mmol/L] a nd the highest saturated solubility in propylene glycol [(53.4 ± 14.2)mmol/L],which made it potentially feasible to form supersaturated system with high DS. In 10%propylene glycol-water system ,the addition of HPMC E 3 163.com enabled ACV-Hex supersaturated systems ,with DS no morethan 4,to maintain physical stability within 1 h. The total deposited amount (ACV + ACV-Hex ) in skin after the application of ACV-Hex supersaturated system with DS of 4 for 1 h was higher than that after the application of ACV-Hex supersaturated system with DS less than 4 or without HPMC E 3. In addition ,the concentration of ACV in the basal epidermis (skin thickness was 100-160 mm)by supersaturated system was significantly higher than that of the marketed aciclovir cream (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:ACV-Hex,the lipophilic prodrug of ACV ,can form stable supersaturated system with DS of 4 in 10% propylene glycol-water system in the presence of HPMC E 3. High concentration of ACV could be accumulated in the basal epidermis after the skin was exposed to supersaturated system for 1 h,which may be valuable for local treatment skin infection of herpes simplex virus .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879896

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of very preterm infants with prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM) and predictive factors for early-onset sepsis (EOS) and death.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the very preterm infants with PROM (with a gestational age of < 32 weeks) who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from January 2018 to May 2020. According to the time from membrane rupture to delivery, the infants were divided into four groups: < 18 hours (@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the incidence rates of major neonatal complications and mortality rate among the very preterm infants with different times of PROM (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prolonged PROM does not increase the incidence of neonatal complications and mortality in very preterm infants. Adverse outcomes of very preterm infants with PROM are mainly associated with lower birth weights, lung immaturity, and systemic infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between cervical microecology and cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL).Methods:All subjects were recruited from the health care center or gynecology of the Affiliated Wuxi No.2 People′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March to May of 2019, including 12 subjects normal cervix with 37-47 years old, 21 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) subjects with 39-48 years old, 5 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) subjects with 38-45 years old and 3 cervical squamous cell carcinoma subjects with 42-43 years old. All subjects were required to fill in a questionnaire, and performed cervical examination. Meanwhile, the microecology of cervical secretions was analyzed by the next generation sequencing (NGS) and the NGS results were analyzed by bioinformatics. Subjects were divided into human papilloma virus (HPV)-negative groups, low-risk HPV (lrHPV), 16/18 high-risk HPV (hrHPV) and other hrHPV infection groups based on HPV test results of NGS. The Venn diagram of data, microecology diversity, the relative abundance and co-occurrence of species, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were analyzed.Results:A total of 909 species at the species level were obtained from the cervical secretions of all the subjects, and there was overlap among the groups. There was no significant difference in total HPV infection rate, 16/18 hrHPV infection rate and other hrHPV infection rates among subjects with different cervical lesions (all of P>0.05). Grouped by HPV infection, the 16/18 hrHPV-infected and other hrHPV-infected subjects had increased cervical microecology diversity ( U=39.00 and 43.00, all of P<0.05), and the relative abundance of Lactobacillus crispatus (L.crispatus) had no differences among the groups ( H=4.37, P=0.213 6). Grouped by cervical conditions, the cervical microecology diversity of the subjects with cervical lesions increased ( H=14.60, P=0.002 2), while the L.crispatus relative abundance decreased ( H=13.98, P=0.000 8). Among all the detected species, Mycoplasma, Chlamydia and Streptococcus B had a co-occurrence, while Lactobacillus iners, Gardnerella vaginalis, Atopobium vaginae, and Prevotella bivia had a co-occurrence. As the SIL diagnostic index, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the relative L.crispatus relative abundance was 0.874 [95% confidence interval ( CI):0.732-0.957]. L.crispatus combined with Lactobacillus jensenii (L.jensenii) and Mycoplasma had an AUC of 0.943 [95 %CI: 0.822-0.991] in the SIL diagnosis. Conclusions:The decreased L.crispatus relative abundance and the increased cervical microecology diversity may be related to HPV infection and cervical lesions; simplified NGS data may be helpful to the SIL diagnosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870725

ABSTRACT

The effects and practicability of in situ simulation and standardized patient (SP) in residency training of general practice was evaluated in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital. From September 2017 to December 2019, typical cases were collected in accordance with the teaching objectives, the teaching plans of in situ simulation were established and simulation scenarios were set up; the SPs were recruited from nursing staff and retirees in the community. Forty general practice residents were randomly divided into two groups with 20 in each group. The traditional teaching group was given theoretical teaching, while the combined teaching group was taught by in-situ simulation combined with SP teaching. The satisfaction of residents, the scores of theory and skill were observed and compared between two groups.Results showed that the satisfaction of teaching method( t=-2.11, P<0.05), teaching effect( t=-4.25, P<0.01) and scores of history collection( t=-3.21, P<0.01) in the combination teaching group were significantly higher than those in the traditional teaching group. It is suggested that in situ simulation combined with SP teaching method can improve the satisfaction and teaching effect of the general practice residents.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870615

ABSTRACT

The mentor system has been applied in the standardized residency training, currently the "one to one" ortwo mentors′ system are more common applied. However, the clinical training of general practitioners needs joint effort of mentors from the general practice department and specialists in hospital, as well as of mentors from primary health institutes. Thus, we proposed a "three-in-one" tutorial system, which consisted of one GP mentor, one specialists in the hospital and one primary physician for residency training of general practice. The implementation of the "three-in-one" system has motivated the enthusiasm of specialists and community instructors, and enhanced their responsibility. The mentors from different department can learn from each other and complement each other, so the overall teaching level can be raised and the quality of standardized training of general practitioners can be improved.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870013

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between thyroid hormones and visceral fat area(VFA) in the patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:A total of 729 patients with type 2 diabetes, who joined National Metabolic Management Center(MMC) through Ningbo First Hospital from March, 2018 to July, 2019, were enrolled in this study. Blood tests were taken to assess their thyroid hormones and biochemical indexes. VFA and subcutaneous fat area(SFA) were obtained through bioelectrical impedance analysis. Statistics were later analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis and multivariate linear regression. Results:Spearman correlation analysis showed that VFA were positively correlated with T 3、FT 3( r=0.225 and 0.211, P<0.01), and VFA were inversely correlated with FT 4( r=-0.112, P<0.01). No correlation was found between VFA and either of T 4 or TSH( P>0.05). Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that VFA was independently correlated with FT 4 and FT 3( P<0.01). An increment of 1 pmol/L in FT 4 was associated with 1.759 cm 2 increase in VFA, and increment of 1 pmol/L in FT 3 was associated with 3.256 cm 2 decrease in VFA. Conclusion:VFA in patients with type 2 diabetes are correlated with FT 3 and FT 4.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843240

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the sleep quality of depressive patients with and without anxiety symptoms. Methods: Hamilton Depression Scale-17 (HAMD-17), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale (PSQI) were used to assess the level of patients' depression, anxiety and sleep quality. The HAMA scores of patients ranged from 0 to 6 were in the anxiety-free group, 7 to 13 in the anxiety-prone group, and 14 or more in the anxiety group. Results: The PSQI scores of the group with anxiety were higher than those of anxiety-prone group and anxiety-free group (both P=0.000). Partial correlation analysis showed that, after controlling HAMD-17 scores, the correlation between HAMA scores and PSQI scores reduced gradually with the increase of anxiety level. The multiple linear regression analysis showed that sleep disorder was still an independent risk factor for depression after controlling HAMA score. Sleep latency, sleep time, hypnotics and daytime dysfunction were independent predictive factors of HAMD-17 score (all P<0.05). Conclusion: In patients with depressive disorder, the severity of sleep disorder increases with the increase of anxiety level. In the case of comorbidity anxiety, sleep disorder is still an independent risk factor for depressive disorder, and the relationship between depressive symptoms and sleep disorder indicators of different dimensions suggests that sleep disorder plays a comprehensive role in the pathogenesis of depressive disorder.

11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 142-146, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787662

ABSTRACT

To examine the mortality rate and relative factors associate with ventricular septal rupture in myocardial infarction patients. A total of 51 patients who suffered from myocardial infarction complicating with ventricular septal rupture received operative procedures between January 2005 and December 2018 in Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 34 males and 17 females, with an age of (63±8) years (range: 44 to 82 years). The time between ventricular septal rupture and surgical procedure was (44±39) days (range: 3 to 187 days). The test and χ(2) test were used for univariate analysis, Logistics regression model was used for multivariate analysis of in-hospital mortality relative factors. There were 8 patients dead in hospital, 43 patients survived, the overall mortality rate was 15.7% in hospital. The post-operation mortality rate was 2/3 of who suffered ventricular septal rupture and underwent operation within 1 week, but it's markedly decreased to 6.5% if the time over 4 weeks. Univariate analysis showed that renal failure before operation, creatinine before operation, left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac function (New York Heart Association) grade Ⅳ, severe tricuspid regurgitation, dialysis post-operation, creatinine of the first day of post-operation, the time between and operation more than 4 weeks were in-hospital mortality relative factors. Multivariate analysis reflected that advanced age (1.32, 95: 1.05 to 1.75, 0.033), cardiac function grade Ⅳ (2.25, 95: 1.62 to 2.82, 0.003), severe tricuspid regurgitation ( 1.82, 95: 1.31 to 2.43, 0.001), renal failure before operation (1.78, 95: 1.26 to 2.32, 0.015), the time between ventricular septal rupture and operation less than 1 week (2.50, 95: 1.52 to 2.98, 0.012), were independent in-hospital mortality relative factors. The surgery operation is an effective way to deal with ventricular septal rupture combined with myocardial infarction. The independent relative factors of in-hospital mortality are advanced age, cardiac function grade Ⅳ, renal failure before operation, severe tricuspid regurgitation, the time between ventricular septal rupture and operation less than 1 week.

12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 142-146, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799383

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the mortality rate and relative factors associate with ventricular septal rupture in myocardial infarction patients.@*Methods@#A total of 51 patients who suffered from myocardial infarction complicating with ventricular septal rupture received operative procedures between January 2005 and December 2018 in Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 34 males and 17 females, with an age of (63±8) years (range: 44 to 82 years). The time between ventricular septal rupture and surgical procedure was (44±39) days (range: 3 to 187 days). The t test and χ2 test were used for univariate analysis, Logistics regression model was used for multivariate analysis of in-hospital mortality relative factors.@*Results@#There were 8 patients dead in hospital, 43 patients survived, the overall mortality rate was 15.7% in hospital. The post-operation mortality rate was 2/3 of who suffered ventricular septal rupture and underwent operation within 1 week, but it′s markedly decreased to 6.5% if the time over 4 weeks. Univariate analysis showed that renal failure before operation, creatinine before operation, left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac function (New York Heart Association) grade Ⅳ, severe tricuspid regurgitation, dialysis post-operation, creatinine of the first day of post-operation, the time between and operation more than 4 weeks were in-hospital mortality relative factors. Multivariate analysis reflected that advanced age (OR=1.32, 95%CI: 1.05 to 1.75, P=0.033), cardiac function grade Ⅳ (OR=2.25, 95%CI: 1.62 to 2.82, P=0.003), severe tricuspid regurgitation (OR= 1.82, 95%CI: 1.31 to 2.43, P=0.001), renal failure before operation (OR=1.78, 95%CI: 1.26 to 2.32, P=0.015), the time between ventricular septal rupture and operation less than 1 week (OR=2.50, 95%CI: 1.52 to 2.98, P=0.012), were independent in-hospital mortality relative factors.@*Conclusions@#The surgery operation is an effective way to deal with ventricular septal rupture combined with myocardial infarction. The independent relative factors of in-hospital mortality are advanced age, cardiac function grade Ⅳ, renal failure before operation, severe tricuspid regurgitation, the time between ventricular septal rupture and operation less than 1 week.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799335

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between thyroid hormones and visceral fat area(VFA) in the patients with type 2 diabetes.@*Methods@#A total of 729 patients with type 2 diabetes, who joined National Metabolic Management Center(MMC) through Ningbo First Hospital from March, 2018 to July, 2019, were enrolled in this study. Blood tests were taken to assess their thyroid hormones and biochemical indexes. VFA and subcutaneous fat area(SFA) were obtained through bioelectrical impedance analysis. Statistics were later analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis and multivariate linear regression.@*Results@#Spearman correlation analysis showed that VFA were positively correlated with T3、FT3(r=0.225 and 0.211, P<0.01), and VFA were inversely correlated with FT4(r=-0.112, P<0.01). No correlation was found between VFA and either of T4 or TSH(P>0.05). Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that VFA was independently correlated with FT4 and FT3(P<0.01). An increment of 1 pmol/L in FT4 was associated with 1.759 cm2 increase in VFA, and increment of 1 pmol/L in FT3 was associated with 3.256 cm2 decrease in VFA.@*Conclusion@#VFA in patients with type 2 diabetes are correlated with FT3 and FT4.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798589

ABSTRACT

The mentor system has been applied in the standardized residency training, currently the "one to one" ortwo mentors′ system are more common applied. However, the clinical training of general practitioners needs joint effort of mentors from the general practice department and specialists in hospital, as well as of mentors from primary health institutes. Thus, we proposed a "three-in-one" tutorial system, which consisted of one GP mentor, one specialists in the hospital and one primary physician for residency training of general practice. The implementation of the "three-in-one" system has motivated the enthusiasm of specialists and community instructors, and enhanced their responsibility. The mentors from different department can learn from each other and complement each other, so the overall teaching level can be raised and the quality of standardized training of general practitioners can be improved.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 826-830, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701438

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical diagnostic value of color Doppler ultrasound in diagnosis brucellosis with orchitis.Methods Hospital-based case-control study was used.We selected the patients with brucellosis orchitis who were hospitalized in Heilongjiang Land Reclamation Bureau General Hospital from 2014 to 2016 as a case group.At the same time,selected healthy people as the control group.Bilateral testicular size,parenchyma echo,flow signals in parenchyma,depth of bilateral testicular sheath membrane cavity effusion,testicular artery peak systolic velocity (PSV),end-diastolic velocity (EDV),pulsatility index,resistance index,peak systolic velocity/end-diastolic velocity,were measured and analyzed using color Doppler ultrasound.Results The case group included 62 patients;the health control group included 41 persons.The testicular volume of case group was compared to that of healthy control group,there was no statistical significant difference (cm3:15.81 ± 3.27 vs 15.82 ± 2.77,t =0.015,P > 0.05).By analyzing the correlation between the course of the disease and the testicular volume,a negative relationship was found (r =-0.594,P < 0.01).In the case group,the deep diameter of the testicular sheath was higher than that of the healthy control group,and the difference was statistically significant (cm:1.50 ± 0.53 vs 0.84 ± 0.21,t =10.777,P< 0.01).The PSV and EDV were higher than those in the control group (cn/s:(9.73 ± 3.25 vs 6.00 ± 1.38,2.89 ± 0.77 vs 2.46 ± 0.36,t =9.810,4.691,P < 0.01).The pulsation index and resistance index were higher than that in the control group (1.06 ± 0.12 vs 0.82 ± 0.08,0.69 ± 0.05 vs 0.58 ± 0.04,t =15.678,12.763,P < 0.01).Conclusions There are specific changes in Brucella patients with orchitis.The blood flow spectrum and testicular sheath membrane cavity effusion are specific changes.The color Doppler ultrasound can effectively evaluate Brucella orchitis patients with testicular injury,provide a reliable imaging basis for clinical treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701139

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the role of Bcl-2-associated athanogene 2(BAG2)in the proliferation of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and its clinical implications.METHODS:The abundance of BAG2 protein in A549 and lung bronchial epithelium(HBE)cells were measured by Western blot.After down-regulation of BAG2 by transfection of siRNA in A549 cells, the expression of cell proliferation and cell cycle related proteins were detected by CFSE assay, WST-1 assay and Western blot,respectively.Moreover,the expression of BAG2 in cDNA array which contained 10 pairs of lung cancer and adjacent tissue was verified.Meanwhile, BAG2 expression in GEO database, which included the human lung cancer and adjacent tissue microarray data was analyzed.The prognosis power of BAG2 was evaluated by the Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis.RESULTS:BAG2 had remarkably higher expression level in A 549 cells than that in HBE cells.Knockdown of BAG2 resulted in significantly inhibition of proliferation in A 549 cells,accompany with the significant-ly down-regulation of cyclin B1 and cyclin E1.BAG2 was over-expressed in the lung cancer tissues,as compared with the adjacent normal tissues.Kaplan-Meier plotter and cDNA microarray results showed that patients with higher BAG 2 expres-sion were significantly associated with poorer survival.CONCLUSION:The BAG2 gene tends to regulate A549 cells pro-liferation via cyclin B1 and cyclin E1.BAG2 has significantly prognostic power on the survival of lung cancer patients.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698437

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The poor retention and survival of donor cells implanted into the myocardium limit the efficacy of cell therapy for myocardial infarction. Embedding cells in natural or synthetic biomaterials is a strategy to address this issue. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) encapsulated in hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogel on cardiac function after myocardial infarction. METHODS:BMSCs from male Sprague-Dawley rats were isolated and cultured,and then HA-encapsulated BMSCs were cultured in vitro in the three-dimensional manner. A model of myocardial infarction was made by cutting the anterior descending artery of female Sprague-Dawley rats. After 1 week, the model rats were screened by ultrasonic testing and then eligible ones were randomly divided into four groups: PBS group (n=8), HA group (n=8), BMSCs group (n=29), and HA-encapsulated BMSCs group (n=29). At 1 week after modeling, the model rats underwent the secondary thoracotomy and the implants were injected into the marginal zone and infarcted region in corresponding groups. The survival rate and apoptosis of implanted cells were examined at post-injection day 1, week 1 and week 2 by RT-PCR and TUNEL respectively. At post-injection week 4, changes of cardiac microstructure and function were evaluated by histological examination and echocardiography. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the BMSCs group, HA hydrogel significantly enhanced the survival rate and reduced the apoptotic rate of BMSCs at post-injection day 1 and week 2 (both P < 0.05). At post-injection week 4, the HA+BMSCs combined treatment yielded the best recovery of cardiac function (P < 0.05). To conclude, HA hydrogel can act as a vehicle for BMSCs delivery and improve the beneficial effects of implanted BMSCs in early myocardial repair(within 2 weeks after infarction)via enhancing cell retention and survival.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 110-115, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809807

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore whether Integrated Early Childhood Development (IECD) program has effectively improved the nurturing care for children aged 0-35 months in rural China.@*Methods@#IECD has been implemented by the government of China with support from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in four poverty-stricken rural counties since 2014. The interventions targeting the five key components of nurturing care (i.e. child and caregiver health, child nutrition, early learning support, child protection and social security) were delivered through the IECD program to children aged 0 to 35 months and their caregivers. A population-based intervention trial was designed to evaluate intervention effectiveness with data collected in 2013 (baseline) and 2016 (mid-term). The changes of nurturing care in the intervention and control group were analyzed by using a difference-in-differences (DID) model. This approach provided adjustment for sociodemographic and other confounding factors.@*Results@#The baseline and mid-term survey enrolled 1 468 and 1 384 children in the intervention group, and 1 485 and 1 361 in the control group. After two years of implementation, the prevalence of caregiver's depression in the intervention group showed a decrease of 9.1% (mid-term 34.8% (479/1 377) vs. baseline 43.9% (621/1 414)), whereas that in control group showed a decrease of 1.6% (mid-term 34.3% (464/1 353) vs. baseline 35.9% (509/1 419)). With the confounding adjusted in the difference-in-differences model, the decrease of the caregiver's depression prevalence in the intervention group was 7.0% greater than that in the control group (P=0.008). The qualified rate of minimum meal frequency in the intervention group showed an increase of 10.4% (mid-term 69.0% (532/771) vs. baseline 58.6% (481/821)), whereas the qualified rate in the intervention group showed an increase of 2.9% (mid-term 66.4% (469/706) vs. baseline 63.5% (508/800)). With the confounding adjusted in the difference-in-differences model, the increase of the qualified rate in the intervention group was 8.2% greater than that in the control group (P=0.021). The proportion of violent discipline by caregivers in the intervention group showed a decrease of 6.2% (mid-term 49.1% (478/973) vs. baseline 55.3% (554/1 001)), whereas the proportion in control group showed an increase of 4.5% (mid-term 58.4% (560/959) vs. baseline 53.9% (558/1 036)), and with the confounding adjusted in the difference-in-differences model, the difference in increase rate between two groups was 11.0% (P=0.001). The proportion of families with three or more children's books in the intervention group showed an increase of 12.7% (mid-term 42.7% (588/1 378) vs. baseline 30.0% (432/1 440)), whereas the proportion of the control group showed an increase of 4.2% (mid-term 25.7% (349/1 357) vs. baseline 21.5% (298/1 388)), and with the confounding adjusted in the difference-in-differences model, the difference in increase rate between two groups was 6.1% (P=0.007).@*Conclusions@#The IECD intervention strategy implemented in rural China effectively improved the mental health of caregivers, optimizes families' child feeding and early stimulation behaviors, while reducing violent discipline and other risk factors. IECD provides better nurturing care for the early development of children aged 0-35 months in rural China.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1002-1008, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779963

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic application of artemisinin (ART) is restricted in application due to its poor water solubility and stability. In this study, the long-circulating liposomes (L-Lip) were constructed to improve the solubility and stability of ART. The preparation method, physicochemical properties, serum stability, in vitro release profile and cytotoxicity of the ART loaded long-circulating liposomes were investigated. Using the particle size and entrapment efficiency (EE) as the evaluation index, the preparation procedure was optimized by the Box-Behnken response surface design based on the single factor screening method. The ART loaded long-circulating liposomes were prepared by filming rehydration method, and evaluated with particle size and entrapment efficiency. The optimal formulation was as follows:lipid-cholesterol=5.22:1 (mass ratio), drug-lipid=1:23.15 (mass ratio), lipid concentration=14.35 mg·mL-1, and molar percentage of mPEG=2%. The morphology of L-Lip was uniformly spherical shape according to optimal formulation. The mean size and polydispersity index (PDI) were about (113.3 ±4.7) nm and 0.227 ±0.022 respectively, the zeta potential was (-12.9 ±2.6) mV, and the entrapment efficiency (EE) of ART was (95.88 ±4.8)%. The L-Lip had good stability at 4℃ for 15 days and the particle sizes did not exhibit significant variations in 50% rat plasma over 24 h at 37℃. The in vitro release study of formulation showed a sustained release. Moreover, the cytotoxicity exhibited that blank liposomes were of great safety. Compared with the free ART, the liposome formulation achieved lower cytotoxicity at the high concentration. The L-Lip successfully prepared by a simple filming-rehydration method exhibited ideal physicochemical properties and were enhanced safety, which may sever as a promising nanoplatform for clinical application.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813221

ABSTRACT

To explore the safety and efficacy for radiofrequency ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) guided by Carto Univu three-dimensional mapping system.
 Methods: A total of 99 patients with PSVT underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) were assigned to a Carto Univu group (51 patients) and a two-dimensional X-ray group (48 patients) according to the mapping method. The operation time, X-ray exposure time, X-ray exposure dose, dose area product (DAP), operation success rate and complication rate were compared between the two groups.
 Results: The Carto Univu group and the two-dimensional X-ray group were not significant difference in the operation time, the X-ray exposure time of placing catheter, the X-ray DAP of placing catheter, the number of discharge, the discharge power, and the total discharge time (P>0.05). The mapping and ablation time, total exposure time, mapping and ablation DAP and total DAP in the Carto Univu group were significantly lower than those in the two-dimensional X-ray group (P<0.01). In the right accessory pathway cases, the mapping and ablation DAP and the total DAP in the Carto Univu group decreased compared with X-ray group (P<0.05), but it decreased more profound (P<0.01) in the left accessory pathway cases and the dual atrioventricular nodal pathways cases. Seven cases in the Carto Univu group achieved "zero X-ray", including 5 cases of the dual atrioventricular nodal pathways and 2 cases of the left accessory pathway. The immediate success rate for the two groups was 100%. After 3-12 months of follow-up, there was no recurrence in the Carto Univu group but 3 suspected recurrences in the two-dimensional X-ray group. In addition, no complications occurred in the two groups. 
 Conclusion: Carto Univu electroanatomic mapping system can guide PSVT safely and effectively during radiofrequency ablation and reduce radiation exposure to both doctors and patients. It is especially suitable for dual atrioventricular nodal pathways, which may even achieve "zero X-ray". Perhaps Carto Univu will be the first choice for RFCA of dual atrioventricular nodal pathways.


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Methods , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Operative Time , Radiation Exposure , Radiography , Recurrence , Tachycardia, Supraventricular , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
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