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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2485-2491, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a m ethod for simultaneous determination of neoastilbin ,astilbin,neoisoastilbin,isoastilbin, quercitrin and engeletin in Engelhardia roxburghiana,and conduct multivariate statistical analysis. METHODS :HPLC-QAMS method was adopted. The determination was performed on Phenomenex SuperLu C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid (19 ∶ 81,V/V)at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelengths were set at 254 nm (neoastilbin,astilbin,neoisoastilbin,isoastilbin,engeletin)and 291 nm(quercitrin). The column temperature was 30 ℃,and sample size was 10 μL. Using astilbin as internal substance,and the relative correction factors of other 5 factors were calculated. The contents of each component were calculated according to relative correction factor ,and were compared with the results of external standard method. SPSS 22.0 software was used for cluster analysis and principal component analysis. RESULTS :The linear range of neoastilbin ,astilbin,neoisoastilbin,isoastilbin,quercitrin and engeletin were 0.007-0.311,0.871-18.184,0.002-0.119, 0.052-1.251,0.105-2.202,0.020-2.319 μg(r>0.999),respectively. RSDs of precision ,reproducibility and stability (24 h)tests were all lower than 3%. The average recoveries were 97.32%,94.89%,97.15%,96.90%,97.52% and 97.53%(RSDs were 1.09% -2.60% ,n=6),respectively. The relative correction factors of neoastilbin ,neoisoastilbin,isoastilbin,quercitrin and engeletin were 1.252 6,1.198 3,0.958 6,0.807 1 and 1.138 1, respectively. The contents of neoastilbin , neoisoastilbin, qq.com isoastilbin,quercitrin and engeletin measured by QAMS were 0.394 2-2.067 2,0.139 1-0.804 7,2.864 8-8.554 8,4.581 2- 11.371 1,1.028 9-13.401 5 mg/g;the contents of neoastilbin , astilbin,neoisoastilbin,isoastilbin,quercitrin and engeletin were 0.367 2-1.925 3,46.361 1-126.342 1,0.138 1-0.798 8,2.966 2-8.857 8, 4.642 5-11.523 3,0.970 6-12.641 9 mg/g,respectively. Relative errors of two methods was lower than or equal to 3.55%. The results of cluster analysis showed that 9 batches of samples could be clustered into two categories ;S8 sample was one category and others were one category. The results of principal component analysis showed that accumulative contribution rate of former 2 principle components was 84.745%,and the results of sample classification were consistent with those of cluster analysis. CONCLUSIONS : The established HPLC-QAMS method is accurate ,feasible and repeatable ,and can be used for simultaneous determination of 6 flavonoids in E. roxburghiana ,and it can provide reference for quality control.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1988-1998, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887013

ABSTRACT

Gemcitabine (GEM) is a commonly used drug in the clinical treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. Due to the accumulation of cells mediating immune escape and T cell depletion after chemotherapy, tumor microenvironment (TME) tends to be immunosuppressive status, which ultimately leads to tumor metastasis. The experimental protocol was approved by the Medical Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Chinese Medicine. Therefore, we observed the immunomodulatory effects of micro-particulate Ganoderma lucidum spore β-glucan (PGSG) on macrophages in vitro experiments. Next, mice subcutaneous Lewis lung cancer models were established to observe the anti-tumor effects of PGSG through oral administration of PGSG combined with GEM. Flow cytometry analysis was used to analyze the ratio of anti-tumor T cells in tumors and spleen, as well as the proportion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) and regulatory cells (Tregs). The results showed that PGSG can up-regulate the expression of major histocompatibility antigens (MHC-II), CD40, CD86 and CD80 on the surface of macrophages, enhance the ability to phagocytosis of neutral red and further mediate the release of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-10 (IL-10). In vivo experiments, combined administration can significantly decrease the volume and weight of tumors, reduce the ratio of MDSC (CD11b+Gr-1+), M-MDSC (CD11b+Ly6G-Ly6Chigh) and Treg (CD4+Foxp3+). At the same time, PGSG promoted the conversion of M2 (F4/80+CD206+) to M1 (F4/80+MHC-II+) and enhanced the response of helper T cell-1 (Th1) (CD4+IFN-γ+) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) (CD8+IFN-γ+), which is of great significance for killing tumors. These results suggest that PGSG can regulate innate and adaptive antitumor immune responses, reshape the immunosuppressive microenvironment and enhance the anti-lung cancer effect of GEM.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of 11C-Pittsburgh compound B (PIB) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer′s disease (AD) and explore the factors that may affect the binding of 11C-PIB. Methods:From January 2017 to December 2019, the 11C-PIB uptake of 6 patients with normal cognitive (NC; 3 males, 3 females, age: (64.5±12.3) years), 11 patients with MCI (4 males, 7 females, age: (64.5±9.8) years) and 21 patients with AD (7 males, 14 females, age: (68.1±9.1) years) from Daping Hospital, Army Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Regional 11C-PIB binding was assessed by using standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) and visual reading of 11C-PIB scan. Clinical data, including age, gender, education level, cognitive impairment, neuropsychological scale score, vascular risk factors (VRF), apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene, were collected and differences among groups were analyzed by using one-way analysis of variance, least significant difference t test or Fisher exact test. Factors that affected the 11C-PIB binding were analyzed by multiple linear regression. Results:SUVR of cerebral lobe among NC, MCI and AD groups were significantly different (range of mean SUVR: 1.16-1.26, 1.19-1.35 and 1.40-1.61; F values: 5.331-9.279, all P<0.05). For positive PIB patients, SUVR of posterior cingulate and precuneus were increased in MCI group compared with NC group (1.20±0.15 vs 1.50±0.12, 1.18±0.15 vs 1.59±0.13; F values: 6.389 and 10.668, t values: -2.33 and -3.10, both P<0.05), and there were no significant differences in all lobes between MCI and AD group ( t values: from -1.29 to -0.51, all P>0.05). Visual analysis showed that the positive rates of PIB in frontal lobe (85.7%(18/21)), posterior cingulate (85.7%(18/21)), precuneus (81.0%(17/21)), temporal lobe (81.0%(17/21)) and occipital lobe (47.6%(10/21)) in AD were higher than those in MCI (4/11, 4/11, 4/11, 3/11 and 1/11, respectively; all P<0.05). Multiple linear regression showed that the degree of cognitive impairment were independent risk factors for SUVR of all lobes ( b values: 0.377-0.536, all P<0.05). The ApoE ε4 gene was independent risk factor for SUVR of precuneus ( b=0.290, P<0.05). Conclusion:11C-PIB is helpful for clinical diagnosis of MCI and AD patients and the degree of cognitive impairment and ApoE ε4 gene may be independent risk factors for increasing 11C-PIB binding.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 239-244, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of chest CT quantitative index in clinical classification and lung injury severity evaluation of COVID-19.Methods:The current study retrospectively analyzed the clinical and CT data of 438 patients with COVID-19 between January 2020 and March 2020 in Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology. The clinical types included common type ( n=146), severe type ( n=247) and critical type ( n=45). The chest CT indexes of all patients were quantitatively analyzed by artificial intelligence (AI) deep learning, including whole lung volume, CT lung opacification, ground glass opacification volume (GGO volume; CT value<-300 HU), solid opacification volume (SO volume; CT value ≥-300 HU) and the ratio of volume to the whole lung volume, the ratio of SO volume to GGO volume (SO volume/GGO volume). Kruskal-Wallis test was used to conduct statistical analysis of the differences in quantitative parameters among clinical types, and multiple ordered logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between quantitative parameters and clinical types. Results:Among the 438 patients diagnosed with COVID-19, severe and critical patients were older ( P<0.05), and most of the critical patients were male ( P<0.05). The main clinical manifestations of all clinical types were fever, followed by cough, fatigue, chest tightness, dyspnea, gastrointestinal symptoms and so on. GGO volume was the main CT manifestation of all the three clinical subtypes. The whole-lung opacification volume, GGO volume, SO volume and their proportions in whole-lung volume significantly increased from common, severe to critical types (all P<0.05). SO volume/GGO volume increased with the severity of clinical type [common type 0.12 (0.03, 0.34), severe type 0.29 (0.11, 0.59), critical type 0.61 (0.39, 0.97)]. Multiple ordered logistic regression analysis showed that whole-lung opacification volume (OR=1.009), SO volume/GGO volume (OR=1.866), GGO volume (OR=1.008) and SO volume (OR=1.016) had a significant positive effect on the severity of clinical typing ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Quantitative indicators of chest CT based on deep learning algorithm (SO volume, GGO volume, SO volume/GGO volume) are closely related to the clinical severity of COVID-19.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879437

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of microscope assisted anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with conventional surgical approach in the treatment of single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 89 patients with single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy treated from March 2015 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 55 males and 34 females, with an average of (52.00±11.36) years old. Among the patients, 34 cases were treated with conventional anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (conventional group), including C@*RESULTS@#Intraoperative blood loss and hospital stay in microscope group were less than those in conventional group (@*CONCLUSION@#Both methods can achieve satisfactory effect in treating single-segment cervical spondylotic myelopathy. However, microscope-assisted anterior cervical discectomy and fusion has advantages of clear vision, less bleeding and fewer intraoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Diseases/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2535-2543, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921208

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is crucial to differentiate accurately glioma recurrence and pseudoprogression which have entirely different prognosis and require different treatment strategies. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) as a tool for distinguishing glioma recurrence and pseudoprogression.@*METHODS@#According to particular criteria of inclusion and exclusion, related studies up to May 1, 2019, were thoroughly searched from several databases including PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Chinese biomedical databases. The quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies was applied to evaluate the quality of the included studies. By using the "mada" package in R, the heterogeneity, overall sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio were calculated. Moreover, funnel plots were used to visualize and estimate the publication bias in this study. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curve was computed to display the diagnostic efficiency of DCE-MRI.@*RESULTS@#In the present meta-analysis, a total of 11 studies covering 616 patients were included. The results showed that the pooled sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic odds ratio were 0.792 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.707-0.857), 0.779 (95% CI 0.715-0.832), and 16.219 (97.5% CI 9.123-28.833), respectively. The value of the area under the SROC curve was 0.846. In addition, the SROC curve showed high sensitivities (>0.6) and low false positive rates (<0.5) from most of the included studies, which suggest that the results of our study were reliable. Furthermore, the funnel plot suggested the existence of publication bias.@*CONCLUSIONS@#While the DCE-MRI is not the perfect diagnostic tool for distinguishing glioma recurrence and pseudoprogression, it was capable of improving diagnostic accuracy. Hence, further investigations combining DCE-MRI with other imaging modalities are required to establish an efficient diagnostic method for glioma patients.


Subject(s)
Glioma/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/diagnostic imaging , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1121-1125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To share the implementation experience of hierarchical first aid training scheme for elementary and middle school students in Baoan District of Shenzhen City and evaluate its effect of training. Methods:During August 2018 and August 2019, elementary and middle schools students who participated in the first aid training held by emergency rescue training center of Baoan District were enrolled. Baseline information including the number of students, the number of attending tutors, the number of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training models, automated external defibrillator (AED) models were recorded. According to hierarchical levels of three age, students received different courses with content from simple to hard: the course of elementary school students was consisting of dialing 120, smart animation on how to identify accidental damage, demonstration of AED and Hemlick techniques, CPR practise (40 minutes). The course of junior high school students was consisted of how to dial 120, how to identify accidental damage and simple disposal, application of CPR and AED, practice CPR and AED and Hemlick techniques (90 minutes). The course of high school students was consisted of how to dial 120, identify accidental damage and right disposal, identification of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the key-point of CPR and AED, practice CPR and AED, Hemlick techniques and hemostatic bandage (120 minutes). At the end of course, elementary school students were voluntary for skill assessment; junior high school students only were compulsory for skill assessment in small classes but not required in large classes, just for demonstration; additionally, the whole high school students were compulsory for skill assessment. The characteristics of first aid training students at different levels were collected in order to compare the differences on the usage of CPR training model and AED training model, the distribution of emergency resource, the ratio for passing examination.Results:A total of 12 896 students and 2 086 training instructors took parted in 200 lists of first aid training courses, 8 557 CPR models and 8 493 AED models were used. On average, there are 65.27±5.61 students in each session, and 10.52±10.43 training instructors. There are 43.09±19.06 CPR training models and 42.77±18.61 AED training models. The mean ratio of student to tutor was 6.07±1.47, student to CPR model was 1.54±1.02, and student to AED model was 1.54±1.03. In the end of course, 10 494 students participated in the examination with the participation rate of 81.37%; 10 114 students passed the examination with the passing rate of 96.38%. Hierarchical analysis showed: compare to elementary school students, the average number of junior high school students in every training session significantly increased (cases: 69.94±8.77 vs. 58.69±6.12, P < 0.05), but the average number of high school students in every training session significantly decreased (cases: 57.35±5.79 vs. 58.69±6.12, P < 0.05). The proportion of instructors in junior high school students' training significantly reduced (5.94±1.39 vs. 6.48±2.02, P < 0.05). The examination ratio of junior high school students and high school students was increased significantly [81.07% (6 667/8 224), 100% (2 313/2 313) vs. 64.18% (1 514/2 359), both P < 0.05], but the ratio of passing the examination was significantly reduced [95.47% (6 365/6 667), 96.88% (2 241/2 313) vs. 99.60%(1 508/1 514), both P < 0.01]. This might be related to the low difficulty of elementary school students' assessment and the low proportion of compulsory examination. Conclusions:Hierarchical scheme is feasible for first aid training in elementary and middle school students, the content of course should be desighed from easy to hard. Synchronously, sufficient training instructors and training models should be equipped to ensure the quality.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1603-1606, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823400

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the clinical application of Pentacam anterior segment analyzer in early keratoconus diagnosis.<p>METHODS: Selected 49 patients(49 eyes)with early keratoconus who were treated in our hospital from February 2019 to December 2019.According to the Rabinowitz diagnostic criteria, they were divided into 27 cases(27 eyes)in the clinical keratoconus group and 22 cases(22 eyes)in the subclinical keratoconus group. Another 20 cases(20 eyes)of normal eyes with myopia and astigmatism were selected as the control group. The Pentacam anterior segment analyzer was used to determine the index of surface variance(ISV), keratoconus index(KI), index of vertical asymmetry(IVA), central keratoconus index(CKI), index of highest decentration(IHD), index of highest asymmetry(IHA), aberration coefficient, minimum sagittal curvature(Rmin), corneal astigmatism(CYL), corneal anterior surface height(AE), maximum refractive power of the cornea and corneal posterior surface height(PE). Compare the detection values of the three groups of indicators, and draw the ROC curve, and analyze the clinical value of various indicators in diagnosing keratoconus.<p>RESULTS: The three groups of ISV, KI, IVA, CKI, IHD, IHA, ABR, Rmin, CYL, AE, Kmax and PE detection values were significantly different(<i>P</i><0.05). Compared with the control group, the ISV, KI, IVA, CKI, IHD, IHA, ABR, Rmin, CYL, AE, Kmax and PE detection value in the clinical keratoconus group were statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.05). Compared with the control group, the ISV, KI, IVA, CKI, IHD, IHA, ABR, Rmin, CYL, AE, Kmax and PE detection value in the clinical keratoconus group were statistic significant(<i>P</i><0.05). The results of ROC curve analysis showed that the sensitivity and specificity of keratoconus in the clinical phase of IVA, KI, AE, PE, Rmin, IHD, Kmax, ISV and ABR were higher. IVA, Rmin, AE and PE diagnosis of subclinical keratoconus sensitivity and specificity were higher.<p>CONCLUSION: The Pentacam anterior segment analyzer accurately measures the morphological parameters of the anterior and posterior surface of the cornea, which plays an important role in the early clinical diagnosis of keratoconus.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1407-1411, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822202

ABSTRACT

Severe liver disease during pregnancy is uncommon in clinical practice. The most common cause of liver disease during pregnancy is liver dysfunction, with an overall prevalence rate of approximately 3%. Liver disease during pregnancy is classified into the liver diseases directly caused by pregnancy and those co-existing with pregnancy, i.e., pre-existing liver disease or occasional liver disease during pregnancy. A differential diagnosis of pre-existing and co-existing liver diseases may help to improve maternal and fetal outcome. During clinical diagnosis and selection of treatment and intervention measures, priority should be given to the potential impact on mother and fetus. This article introduces the latest research advances in the general information, pathogenesis, treatment, and pregnancy outcome of major liver diseases during pregnancy and elaborates on the risk of pregnancy and related coping measures for patients with pre-existing liver disease, so as to guide clinical diagnosis and treatment and patient management.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of virtual simulation experiment project on the experimental teaching effect of infectious diseases.Methods:Ten experimental contents were selected, including 3 703 students majoring in clinical five-year program, eight-year program, anesthesia, psychiatry and other majors of Medicine School of Central South University. The teaching effect and students' satisfaction were evaluated through examination and personal questionnaire survey. The measurement data was expressed by (mean ± standard deviation), the counting data was illustrated by percentage. The rate is compared by Chi-square test, and the difference is statistically significant when P<0.05. Results:All the students took part in the examination of 10 items. Except for item 8, the scores of students in all items had a large variance, with almost same number of high score students and low score students. Learning attitude is closely related to learning effect. Among the students who think it's necessary to learn, 20.5% and 53% have excellent learning effect and good learning effect, respectively. Compared with offline experiment teaching, virtual simulation teaching has both advantages and disadvantages, and needs to further improve the satisfaction of students.Conclusion:Virtual simulation teaching of infectious diseases is unable to completely replace offline teaching, and the combination of virtual and reality is more conducive to improving the quality of medical students.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and feasibility of the simultaneous combined operation in children with congenital heart disease complicated with non-cardiac malformation.Methods:A total of 72 children undergoing combined surgery or simple heart surgery in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Children′s Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2017 to January 2019 were enrolled.According to the severity of the disease, patients in the combined operation group (group A) and the simple heart surgery group (group B) were separately subdivided into the low risk group (group L) and the high risk group (group H). There were 36 children in group A, with the age ranging from 1.5 to 168.0 months old (median: 18.0 months). There were 36 cases in group B, with the age ranging from 1.0 to 170.0 months old (median: 19.0 months). Patients in groups A and B were sent to the cardiac intensive care unit(ICU) after operation.The cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time, aortic clamping (ACC) time, tracheal intubation time, intensive care unit (ICU) retention time, brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and creatinine (Cr) were recorded.Besides, the cardiac output index (CI), cardiac circulation efficiency (CCE), maximum pressure gradient (dp/dt), lactic acid (Lac), blood glucose (Glu), inotropic score (IS) were also recorded at the time of returning to ICU (T0), 4 hours after operation (T1), 8 hours after operation (T2), 12 hours after operation (T3), 24 hours after operation (T4) and 48 hours after operation (T5), respectively.Results:(1) Intra-group comparison in group A: the age [(39.9±37.0) months], height [(94.1±20.1) cm] and weight [(14.4±6.7) kg] of children at low risk (group L-A) were significantly higher than those at high risk (group H-A) [(7.5±3.7) months, (68.1±6.4) cm, (7.8±2.2) kg] (all P<0.01). The CPB time [(37.0±23.6) min], ACC time [(19.1±13.4) min], endotracheal intubation time [(7.1±4.7) h], ICU retention time [(1.1±0.3) d] and BNP 24 hours after operation [(2 257.3±952.0) ng/L] in group L-A were significantly lower than those in group H-A [(84.7±28.4) min, (41.9±30.7) min, (71.0±67.6) h, (8.7±5.7) d and (5 327.2±992.9) ng/L] (all P<0.01). Glu, IS, CI, CCE were significantly different between patients at low risk and patients at high risk ( P<0.05). At the time of T0-T5, the Glu( F=4.43, P<0.05) and IS ( F=26.99, P<0.01)of group L-A were lower than those of group H-A, and the CI ( F=18.39, P<0.01)and CCE ( F=5.28, P<0.05) of group L-A were higher than those of group H-A.(2) Comparison between groups A and B: there was no significant difference in age, height, weight, CPB time, ACC time, hemodynamic parameters, arterial blood gas parameters and postoperative clinical indexes between patients at high risk or patients at low risk in group A and group B (all P>0.05). Conclusions:(1) For the patients at low risk, hemodynamics remains stable after the combined operation.The combined operation does not increase the endotracheal intubation time and ICU retention time, so it is safe and feasible.(2) For the patients at high risk, hemodynamics is also stable after the combined operation.However, their IS is higher than that of patients at low risk at any time point, and the incidence of postoperative adverse events is higher than that of patients at low risk.It is necessary to evaluate the condition and operation plan of the children before operation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863125

ABSTRACT

Objective:To Investigate the correlation of eosinophil count and stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:Patients with acute ischemic stroke within 24 h after onset admitted to the Department of Encephalopathy, Suzhou Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital from August 2016 to September 2018 were enrolled prospectively. Their general clinical data and eosinophil counts were collected. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) was used to assess the severity of stroke. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for SAP. Results:A total of 521 patients were enrolled, including 106 (20.35%) SAP. Univariate logistic analysis showed that SAP was associated with the classification of eosinophil count (odds ratio [ OR] 0.37, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 0.20-0.68; P=0.001), and tended to be associated with eosinophil count ( OR 0.08, 95% CI 0.01-1.01; P=0.051). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both eosinophil count and eosinophil count classification were not the independent risk factors for SAP, and advanced age ( OR 1.077, 95% CI 1.045-1.109; P< 0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( OR 6.931, 95% CI 1.295-37.106; P=0.024) and high baseline NIHSS score ( OR 1.148, 95% CI 1.003-1.314; P=0.045) were significantly independently associated with SAP. Conclusions:Eosinophil count was not an independent predictor of SAP in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To rapidly recognize and identify the chemical constituents in caulis of Erycibe schmidtii by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with Q-Exactive Focus mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Exactive Focus-MS/MS). Method:Taking 80% methanol extract of E. schmidtii caulis as the test solution, the chemical constituents in caulis of E. schmidtii were analyzed and identified. Thermo Accucure aQ C18 column (2.1 mm×150 mm, 2.6 μm) was used for chromatographic separation with the mobile phase of methanol (A)-0.1% formic acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-12 min, 5%-25%A; 12-20 min, 25%-30%A; 20-28 min, 30%-38%A; 28-40 min, 38%-42%A). Positive and negative ion monitoring modes and heated electrospray ion source (HESI) were used for mass spectrographic analysis. The scanning range was m/z 80-1 200. Result:A total of 42 chemical constituents from caulis of E. schmidtii were identified, including 12 coumarins, 14 chlorogenic acids, 1 tropane alkaloid, 1 amide and 14 esterified glycosides. Conclusion:Chemical constituents in caulis of E. schmidtii can be quickly and fully identified by UPLC-Q-Exactive Focus-MS/MS. Among them, 11 compounds are unambiguously identified by comparing with reference standards, 31 compounds are reported for the first time in this herb, 2 compounds are reported for the first time in Erycibe plants. This paper can provide the important basis for study on pharmacodynamic material base and substitute development of E. schmidtii caulis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871607

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the tricuspid annular plane systolic excusion(TAPSE) in children with left-to-right shunt after congenital heart disease surgery and to understand the early systolic function of right heart in thesepatient.Methods:From June 2018 to December 2018, a prospective study was conducted in 20 infants after repair of left-to-right shunt congenital heart disease, including 10 males(50%) and 10 females(50%) , aged from 1 to 12 months, with a median of 4.5(2.0, 6.8) months, a body mass of 3.0-9.0 kg with median of 6.0(3.7, 7.7) kg.On the first postoperative day, blood was taken from central venous for N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide(NT pro-BNP) test, TAPSE and left ventricular ejective fraction(LVEF) was measured by echocardiography.The effects of aortic occlusion time, cardiopulmonary bypass time, preoperative pneumonia and preoperative heart failure on TAPSE were compared. The relationship between TAPSE and heart rate, systolic pressure, central venous pressure, vasoactive drug score, endotracheal intubation time, detention time in intensive care unit, NT pro-BNP and LVEF after operation was analysed.Results:The aortic cross-clamping time was 15-87 minutes, with median 31(28, 50) minutes. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was 35-117 minutes, with an average of(68±22)minutes. The time of tracheal intubation was 4-117 hours, with an average of(50±35) hours. The stay time in CICU was 1-14 days, with a median of 5(2, 7) days.The LVEF was 0.18-0.66, with median 0.53(0.42, 0.57). The TAPSE was 2.0-10.0 mm, with an average of(5.2±2.0) mm. On the first day after operation, NT pro-BNP was 1 548-35 000 pg/ml, with an average of(9 446±8 130) pg/ml.TAPSE was negatively correlated with postoperative intubation time( r=-0.576, P= 0.007) and detention time in ICU( r=-0.765, P=0.000), and positively correlated with postoperative LVEF( r=0.461, P=0.041)( P<0.05). TAPSE was negatively correlated with heart rate( r=-0.303, P=0.193), central venous pressure( r=-0.425, P=0.062), vasoactive drug score( r=-0.418, P=0.067) and NT Pro BNP( r=-0.348, P=0.132), and positively correlated with systolic pressure( r=0.146, P=0.54), but there was no statistical significance in each item.Compared with patients with TAPSE≥5mm, the detention time and tracheal intubation time were longer than those TAPSE<5 mm, the central venous pressure and NT-pro BNP was higher than those TAPSE<5 mm( P<0.05), the difference was statistically significant, other indicators had no significant difference. Conclusion:It is simple and feasible to measure TAPSE by echocardiography in children after operation with left-to-right shunt congenital heart disease.TAPSE decreased postoperatively suggested that the function of right ventricle decreased at the early stage after surgery, and with left ventricle systolic function decreased, which eventually led to the increase of NT pro-BNP, the need for higher doses of vasoactive drug support, longer tracheal intubation time and the stay time in CICU.Attention should be paid to the right heart function of children after congenital heart surgery.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 512-521, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815840

ABSTRACT

In this study, an immunostimulating particulate β-glucan was isolated from a hot alkaline extract of the fruiting bodies of Ganoderma lucidum. The optimum conditions of 8 hours treatment time, 1∶20 solid - liquid ratio and 55 ℃ for the alkaline extract process were obtained after investigating by single-factor experiments and Box-Benhnken design in terms of the Ganoderma lucidum particulate β-glucan (GLG) increment, and these conditions resulted in a GLG yield of 8.57%. The experimental protocol was approved by the Medical Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Chinese Medicine. The result showed that resident macrophages were effectively activated by GLG, such as with the up-regulation of co-stimulatory molecules, the secretion of cytokines and phagocytic uptake. GLG could also promote the proliferation of spleen lymphocytes in mice. In addition, IFN-γ production of spleen CD4+ T cells and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses were significantly enhanced on GLG orally treatment, which ultimately resulted in significantly decreased tumor burden. Taken together, these data suggest that GLG might act as an immune stimulator to exert antitumor effects.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878771

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of Sijunzi Decoction in the treatment of ulcerative colitis(UC) based on network pharmacology. The active components and corresponding targets of Sijunzi Decoction were extracted with Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the targets were standardized with the help of Uniprot database. The related targets of UC were obtained through GeneCards database and Disgenet database, and the intersection targets of drugs and diseases were screened by R language. The visual regulation network of "active ingredient-disease target" of Sijunzi Decoction was constructed by Cytoscape software, and the protein-protein interaction network was constructed by STRING database. The functional enrichment analysis of gene ontology(GO) and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway were carried out on Bioconductor platform, and some of the targets were verified by animal experiments. Through database analysis, a total of 135 active components of Sijunzi Decoction, 114 predicted targets and 80 common targets with UC were obtained. The core target proteins included interleukin 6(IL-6), caspase-3(CASP3), vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) and so on. GO functional enrichment analysis involved 102 items, which mainly affected transcription factor activity, enzyme activity, receptor activity and biochemical process regulation. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 120 items were involved in human cytomegalovirus infection, cancer, apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways. Mouse experiments showed that Sijunzi Decoction could down-regulate the expression of target proteins IL-6 and caspase-3 and inhibit intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis. The treatment of UC with Sijunzi Decoction is the result of the interaction among multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways. It is proved by experiments that Sijunzi Decoction may play an effective role by regulating the expression of IL-6 and caspase-3, and getting involved in apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
17.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 778-792, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826777

ABSTRACT

SOCS3, a feedback inhibitor of the JAK/STAT signal pathway, negatively regulates axonal regrowth and inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we demonstrated a distinct role of SOCS3 in the injured spinal cord of the gecko following tail amputation. Severing the gecko spinal cord did not evoke an inflammatory cascade except for an injury-stimulated elevation of the granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) cytokines. Simultaneously, the expression of SOCS3 was upregulated in microglia, and unexpectedly not in neurons. Enforced expression of SOCS3 was sufficient to suppress the GM-CSF/IFN-γ-driven inflammatory responses through its KIR domain by attenuating the activities of JAK1 and JAK2. SOCS3 was also linked to GM-CSF/IFN-γ-induced cross-tolerance. Transfection of adenovirus overexpressing SOCS3 in the injured cord resulted in a significant decrease of inflammatory cytokines. These results reveal a distinct role of SOCS3 in the regenerating spinal cord, and provide new hints for CNS repair in mammals.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the short-term efficacy of 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prosthesis in the treatment of primary malignant bone tumors of the pubis.Methods:From June 2017 to May 2019, a total of 5 patients with pubic primary malignant tumor received type Ⅲ hemipelvectomy and reconstruction with a 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prosthesis at Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital. They were 3 males and 2 females with an average age of 36.3 years (range, from 26 to 46 years). Of them, 3 underwent resection of the upper pubic ramus and 2 resection of both pubic rami. All their tumors were chondrosarcomas, with one case of Enneking stage Ⅱa and 4 cases of Enneking stage Ⅱb. Preoperative CT/MRI image fusion was used to determine the tumor-free resection margin, design guide templates for osteotomy and prosthesis, and simulate surgical procedures. A total of 5 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prostheses were designed, including 3 ones with an intramedullary stem to preserve partial pubis and 2 ones with a non-intramedullary stem not to preserve the pubis. The functional recovery was assessed by Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores. The prosthetic position and osseointegration were evaluated by imaging examination. Oncological outcomes and complications were recorded.Results:R0 resection and precise reconstruction were accomplished in all patients. Their intraoperative blood loss ranged from 300 to 3, 700 mL (mean, 1, 680 mL), operation time from 180 to 430 min (mean, 294 min), and follow-up time from 13 to 29 months (mean, 20.6 months). All the 5 patients were alive with no evidence of disease or tumor recurrence. The functional MSTS scores at the final follow-up ranged from 29 to 31 (mean, 29.8). One male patient complained of erectile dysfunction. Fretting wear around the prosthetic stem was found in 3 patients while bone wear on the normal pubic side in 2. Osseointegration was observed in all patients with no complications like deep infection, prosthesis dislocation, prosthetic or screw breakage.Conclusion:Since 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic prostheses can result in fine short-term efficacy for pubic primary malignant bone tumors, they may be a reliable method to reconstruct pelvic malignant tumors.

19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1241-1246, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To established the diagnostic criteria for venomous snakebite of Trimeresurus stejnegeri in Guangxi by ourselves, and explore the clinical effect and mechanism of covered vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) in the treatment for venomous snakebite of Trimeresurus stejnegeri in Guangxi.Methods:According to the Chinese emergency medicine for snakebite and the Chinese snake, the diagnostic criteria for venomous snakebite of Trimeresurus stejnegeri in Guangxi were formulated: ① the responsible venomous snake was identified as Trimeresurus stejnegeri in Guangxi; ② the appearance and morphology of the venomous snake described by the patient basically conformed to the characteristics of Trimeresurus stejnegeri in Guangxi;③ clinical manifestations of hematotoxin included local swelling, severe wound pain, and subcutaneous ecchymosis in some patients; having① or both ② and ③ could be diagnosed. The patients with venomous snakebite of Trimeresurus stejnegeri in Guangxi admitted to Snake Injury Treatment Base in Central and Northern Guangxi/Liuzhou Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Snake Injury Treatment Center from January 2016 to January 2020 were enrolled. The patients were divided into the general treatment group and the covered VSD technology group, with 60 patients in each group. The general treatment group was treated with antivenom, anti-tetanus, closed injection around the wound, anti-inflammatory, magnesium sulfate gauze applied on the affected limb, symptomatic support treatment. The covered VSD technique was used in the covered VSD technology group based on the treatment options of the general treatment group. Treatment cycle of both groups were calculated from the next day of admission and lasted for 7 days. In the treatment cycle, blood was collected at 08:00 every day. The red blood cell count (RBC) and hemoglobin (Hb) were detected by automatic blood cell analyzer. The prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and fibrinogen (Fib) were detected by automatic blood coagulation analyzer, and the affected limb swelling degree and the appearance of subcutaneous ecchymosis were recorded. Results:At different time points in the treatment cycle, the dynamic change trends of PT, APTT and Fib in the covered VSD technology group and the general treatment group were significantly different. Fib in both groups decreased on the 1-4 days, and gradually rose on the 5th day, and the lowest Fib value in the covered VSD technology group on the 4th day was higher than that in the general treatment group (g/L: 0.70±0.03 vs. 0.41±0.01, P < 0.05). In the treatment cycle, PT of both groups increased in the early and middle stage, but decreased in the later stage. The peak value of PT of the covered VSD technology group on the 5th day was significantly lower than that of the general treatment group (s: 25.2±0.1 vs. 35.4±0.2, P < 0.05), and the PT of the covered VSD technology group returned to the normal range on the 7th day, while the PT of the general treatment group was still abnormal. APTT in both groups increased at the beginning of the treatment cycle and gradually decreased. The peak value of APTT of the covered VSD technology group on the 3th day was lower than that in the general treatment group (s: 47.3±0.1 vs. 55.7±0.2, P < 0.05), and the rate of increase and decline was also more gradual than that in the general treatment group. There was no significant difference in RBC or Hb between the two groups. With the passage of time, the degree of affected limb swelling was relieved to different degrees in both groups, and the remission degree in the covered VSD technology group was more obvious than that in the general treatment group, and there was significant difference between the two groups (χ 2 = 86.060, P = 0.000). The occurrence rate of subcutaneous ecchymosis in the covered VSD technology group was significantly lower than that in the general treatment group (13.3% vs. 40.0%, χ 2 = 10.909, P = 0.002). Conclusions:The application of covered VSD technology to the venomous snakebite of Trimeresurus stejnegeri in Guangxi does not aggravate the bleeding. It is beneficial to the reduction of the swelling of the affected limb, and also promotes the recovery of coagulation function, which can better control the occurrence of adverse events caused by coagulation dysfunction.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855889

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) led to the first-level response to major public health emergencies in China. To explore the therapy of COVID-19, hundreds of clinical studies were conducted. For major public health emergencies, it is important to find out the effective drug and therapeutic regimen as soon as possible for the control of disease, which raises the claim of timeliness to the trials conducted in emergency, especially to the registered clinical trials. This paper discusses the choice of clinical endpoint and related questions in the design of clinical trials in emergency from the statistical perspective.

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