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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 384-392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984664

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the predictive value of the proportion of hibernating myocardium (HM) in total perfusion defect (TPD) on reverse left ventricle remodeling (RR) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) by 99mTc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (MIBI) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) combined with 18F-flurodeoxyglucose (FDG) gated myocardial imaging positron emission computed tomography (PET). Methods: Inpatients diagnosed with HFrEF at the Cardiac Surgery Center, Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2016 to January 2022 were prospectively recruited. MPI combined with 18F-FDG gated PET was performed before surgery for viability assessment and the patients received follow-up MPI and 18F-FDG gated PET at different stages (3-12 months) after surgery. Δ indicated changes (post-pre). Left ventricular end-systolic volume (ESV) reduced at least 10% was defined as RR, patients were divided into reverse remodeling (RR+) group and the non-reverse group (RR-). Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of RR. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the cut-off value for predicting RR. Additionally, we retrospectively enrolled inpatients with HFrEF at the Cardiac Surgery Center, Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2021 to January 2022 as the validation group, who underwent MPI and 18F-FDG gated PET before surgery. Echocardiography was performed before CABG and after CABG (3-12 months). In the validation group, the reliability of obtaining the cut-off value for the ROC curve was verified. Results: A total of 28 patients with HFrEF (26 males; age (56.9±8.7) years) were included in the prospective cohort. HM/TPD was significantly higher in the RR+ group than in the RR- group ((51.8%±17.9%) vs. (35.7%±13.9%), P=0.016). Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that HM/TPD was an independent predictor of RR (Odds ratio=1.073, 95% Confidence interval: 1.005-1.145, P=0.035). ROC curve analysis revealed that HM/TPD=38.3% yielded the highest sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy (all 75%) for predicting RR and the AUC was 0.786 (P=0.011). Meanwhile, a total of 100 patients with HFrEF (90 males; age (59.7±9.6) years) were included in the validation group. In the validation group, HM/TPD=38.3% predicted RR in HFrEF patients after CABG with the highest sensitivity, specificity and accuracy (82%, 60% and 73% respectively). Compared with the HFrEF patients in the HM/TPD<38.3% group (n=36), RR and cardiac function improved more significantly in the HM/TPD≥38.3% group (n=64) (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Preoperative HM/TPD ratio is an independent factor for predicting RR in patients with HFrEF after CABG, and HM/TPD≥38.3% can accurately predict RR and the improvement of cardiac function after CABG.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke Volume , Heart Failure , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Retrospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Prospective Studies , Coronary Artery Bypass , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Perfusion , Myocardium
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3165-3172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999094

ABSTRACT

Electronic tongue is one kind of bionic detection technologies, which can objectively reflect the taste of drugs based on electrochemical principle. In this paper, the development histories of electronic tongue both of potential type and voltammetry type were introduced, including their detection principles and key innovation technologies. In order to comprehensively improve the understanding of electronic tongue, its technological progresses, such as the study of dedicated sensors or biosensors for specific tastes, and the development of miniaturized or hybrid devices, were also discussed in detail. And the challenges and countermeasures in the application of electronic tongue were analyzed to provide some suggestions for its further technology promotion.

3.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 447-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992546

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of childhood infectious diseases in a single center in Beijing City from 2007 to 2021, and to provide scientific basis for the management of infectious diseases in hospitals.Methods:The clinical data of outpatients or inpatients aged<18 years old with infectious diseases recorded in the Nationwide Health Information-based Disease Control and Prevention Information System of Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2021 were collected. Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the types of infectious diseases, population distribution, time distribution characteristics, as well as the etiological characteristics of major infectious diseases.Results:There were 219 260 cases reported, accounting for 5.73‰(219 260/38 295 800) of the total number of hospital cases, with two peaks of 25 469 and 22 928 cases in 2010 and 2019, respectively. The main category of infectious diseases was class C, accounting for 77.51%(169 947/219 260). According to the classification of transmission routes, fecal-oral transmission infectious diseases were the most common, with 144 712 cases (66.00%), followed by air and droplet transmission infectious diseases with 73 946 cases (33.73%), showing an increasing trend by year. The top five diseases in terms of incidence were hand, foot and mouth disease (114 864 cases), influenza (28 703 cases), varicella (22 190 cases), other infectious diarrheal diseases (21 040 cases) and scarlet fever (11 500 cases). Among the 219 260 children, there were 131 546 males and 87 714 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.5 to 1. Children aged≤6 years old comprised the majority, with a total of 189 593 cases (86.47%). The peak period of infectious diseases reporting was from May to July. Hand, foot and mouth disease was mainly caused by Coxsackie virus A16(35.02%(1 258/3 592)), while Coxsackie virus A6 had been increasing rapidly since 2017. The main pathogen of influenza was influenza A virus (62.18%(7 400/11 900)), while other infectious diarrhea was mainly caused by rotavirus (87.55%(4 283/4 892)).Conclusions:There is an intermittent outbreak in the incidence of childhood infectious diseases, and air and droplet transmission infectious diseases have shown an upward trend in recent years. Hand, foot and mouth disease, influenza, varicella, other infectious diarrheal diseases and scarlet fever are the main infectious diseases affecting children. Different diseases have the characteristics of age and onset season. The prevention and control of infectious diseases should be updated gradually according to the epidemic trend. Proper protection should be taken during peak seasons and for key populations.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 504-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991350

ABSTRACT

Under the background of "Medical Education Synergy", the clinical practice ability of postgraduates has been significantly improved, and the post competency has been enhanced. However, the "cultivation goal orientation" focuses on clinical practice, the education management department has weakened the cultivation of scientific research literacy, and the postgraduate tutors have not paid enough attention. As a result, the cultivation of scientific research literacy of professional degree postgraduates is seriously affected, and their scientific research ability is obviously weak. Taking gastroenterology as an example, by optimizing the course setting and rotation plan arrangement, attaching importance to the management of the graduate management department and the tutor responsibility system, and strengthening the application of interdisciplinary in the innovation and development of disciplines, we have explored an educational plan for cultivating professional degree postgraduates. The clinical practice and clinical research capabilities of postgraduates majoring in gastroenterology have been synergistically developed with remarkable results.

5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 896-904, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010570

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the perceptions and medical history of third molars (M3s) and assessed the prevalence of visible M3s (V-M3s) among 904 Chinese adults. The enrolled participants were interviewed to complete a structural questionnaire focused on sociodemographic information and their understanding of, attitudes toward, behaviors regarding, and medical history with respect to M3s. In addition, the number of V-M3s in the cohort was determined by oral examination. Logistic regression analysis was performed to explore the association between individuals' sociodemographic characteristics and their perception of M3s or the presence of V-M3s. The Chi-square test was used to compare the actions taken against symptomatic M3s and the corresponding outcomes among different groups divided according to respondents' sociodemographic factors. In total, 904 completed questionnaires were gathered and analyzed. Nearly half (43.9%) of the respondents knew nothing about M3s, and only 12.7% provided correct answers to all the questions asked. Male sex, older age, occupation involving physical labor, and no previous dental experience were active factors in unawareness of M3s. Male sex was also significantly associated with the presence of at least one V-M3 and negative behavior about symptomatic M3s. In terms of medical history, 192 participants reported having had at least one M3 extracted (438 in total), and 72.6% of the M3s were removed due to the presence of related symptoms or pathologies. In conclusion, the population investigated had a shortage of knowledge about M3s and adopted negative attitudes and actions about M3-related problems.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 413-422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965716

ABSTRACT

In this study, a series of 18 histone deacetylases inhibitors (HDACis), derived from our in-house anti-cancer trans-β-arylacryl 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-based scaffold, were designed, synthesized, and antitumor evaluated. HDAC1 inhibitory activity assay showed that compounds 13d-13f and 13m-13o demonstrated attractive enzymatic activity with IC50 at single-digit nanomolar or subnanomolar level.In addition, 13o exerted superior anti-proliferative activity (A549, IC50 = 0.89 μmol·L-1; HCT116, IC50 = 0.49 μmol·L-1) to that of vorinostat (SAHA).Besides,13e, with the most potent HDAC1 enzymatic activity (IC50 = 3.8 nmol·L-1), also displayed attractive cellular activity (A549, IC50 = 1.74 μmol·L-1; HCT116, IC50 = 2.43 μmol·L-1). The Western blot analysis illustrated that 13e treatment increased the acetylation of H3 and α-tubulin in a dose-dependent manner in A549 cells. In summary, 13e and 13o deserve further functional investigation.

7.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 479-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981294

ABSTRACT

The role of white matter of brain has always been neglected by scholars.With the development of neuroimaging technology,the role of white matter has attracted increasing attention.Perioperative neurocognitive disorders have been a hot issue in the research on anesthesia,and recent studies have suggested that white matter may be involved in the effects of general anesthetics on cognitive function.This paper reviews the progress in the relationship between white matter,general anesthesia,and cognitive function from clinical practice and research,aiming to provide new ideas for the research on the mechanism.


Subject(s)
White Matter , Cognition , Brain , Neuroimaging , Anesthesia, General
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 334-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981273

ABSTRACT

Neurological diseases include a variety of neurodegenerative diseases and other brain damage diseases.The treatment schemes for neurological diseases are still in research.The existing clinical and basic studies have confirmed that traditional estrogen therapy has certain protective effect on the nervous system,while it increases the risk of breast or endometrial cancer.The emergence of the selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) can avoid the above mentioned problems.The available studies have confirmed the protective effect of tamoxifen as a SERM on the nervous system.This paper reviews the role and functioning mechanisms of tamoxifen in the nervous system and cognitive function,aiming to provide guidance for the future application of tamoxifen in the treatment of neurological diseases and the improvement of cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Tamoxifen/therapeutic use , Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators/therapeutic use , Cognition , Nervous System
9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 126-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To introduce a classification of alar retraction, and to discuss the therapeutic strategy of alar retraction with cartilage graft and the satisfaction evaluation of patients after operation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients with alar retraction admitted to the Department of Plastic and Aesthetic (Burn) Surgery, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2015 to December 2020, including 20 males and 68 females, aged 20 to 48 years, with an average age of 28.98 years. All patients underwent external rhinoplasty according to a series of treatment plans determined by the classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) were used to conduct satisfaction survey before and 12 months after operation. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to analyze patient satisfaction. Results: A total of 88 patients were included in this study. According to the classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure, 45 cases were mild, 23 cases were moderate, and 20 cases were severe. There were 16 cases of unilateral and 72 cases of bilateral alar retraction. The patients were followed up for 12 to 18 months, with an average of 13.37 months. The VAS score and ROE score after each type of surgery were higher than those before surgery, with statistically significant (all P<0.05). Among them, the difference in VAS score (6.75±1.29) and in ROE satisfaction (67.70±7.38) of patients with severe alar retraction were the most significant improvement. Conclusion: The classification of alar retraction based on nostril exposure in the frontal view can comprehensively evaluate the severity of alar retraction, and makes the treatment algorithms systematic and comprehensive. The satisfaction of patients is relatively high.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Rhinoplasty , Retrospective Studies , Patient Satisfaction , Treatment Outcome , Esthetics , Nose/surgery
10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 92-105, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Shelter hospital was an alternative way to provide large-scale medical isolation and treatment for people with mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Due to various reasons, patients admitted to the large shelter hospital was reported high level of psychological distress, so did the healthcare workers. This study aims to introduce a comprehensive and multifaceted psychosocial crisis intervention model.@*METHODS@#The psychosocial crisis intervention model was provided to 200 patients and 240 healthcare workers in Wuhan Wuchang shelter hospital. Patient volunteers and organized peer support, client-centered culturally sensitive supportive care, timely delivery of scientific information about COVID-19 and its complications, mental health knowledge acquisition of non-psychiatric healthcare workers, group activities, counseling and education, virtualization of psychological intervention, consultation and liaison were exhibited respectively in the model. Pre-service survey was done in 38 patients and 49 healthcare workers using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire 2-item (PHQ-2) scale, and the Primary Care PTSD screen for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (PC-PTSD-5). Forty-eight healthcare workers gave feedback after the intervention.@*RESULTS@#The psychosocial crisis intervention model was successfully implemented by 10 mental health professionals and was well-accepted by both patients and healthcare workers in the shelter hospital. In pre-service survey, 15.8% of 38 patients were with anxiety, 55.3% were with stress, and 15.8% were with depression; 16.3% of 49 healthcare workers were with anxiety, 26.5% were with stress, and 22.4% were with depression. In post-service survey, 62.5% of 48 healthcare workers thought it was very practical, 37.5% thought more practical; 37.5% of them thought it was very helpful to relief anxiety and insomnia, and 27.1% thought much helpful; 37.5% of them thought it was very helpful to recognize patients with anxiety and insomnia, and 29.2% thought much helpful; 35.4% of them thought it was very helpful to deal with patients' anxiety and insomnia, and 37.5% thought much helpful.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Psychological crisis intervention is feasible, acceptable, and associated with positive outcomes. Future tastings of this model in larger population and different settings are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Crisis Intervention , Psychosocial Intervention , SARS-CoV-2 , Mental Health , Depression/epidemiology , Health Personnel/psychology , Anxiety/etiology
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 233-240, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish an intestinal organoid model that mimic acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) caused intestinal injuries by using aGVHD murine model serum and organoid culture system, and explore the changes of aGVHD intestine in vitro by advantage of organoid technology.@*METHODS@#20-22 g female C57BL/6 mice and 20-22 g female BALB/c mice were used as donors and recipients for bone marrow transplantation, respectively. Within 4-6 h after receiving a lethal dose (8.0 Gy) of γ ray total body irradiation, a total of 0.25 ml of murine derived bone marrow cells (1×107/mice, n=20) and spleen nucleated cells (5×106/mice, n=20) was infused to establish a mouse model of aGVHD (n=20). The aGVHD mice were anesthetized at the 7th day after transplantation, and the veinal blood was harvested by removing the eyeballs, and the serum was collected by centrifugation. The small intestinal crypts of healthy C57BL/6 mice were harvested and cultivated in 3D culture system that maintaining the growth and proliferation of intestinal stem cells in vitro. In our experiment, 5%, 10%, 20% proportions of aGVHD serum were respectively added into the organoid culture system for 3 days. The formation of small intestinal organoids were observed under an inverted microscope and the morphological characteristics of intestinal organoids in each groups were analyzed. For further evaluation, the aGVHD intestinal organoids were harvested and their pathological changes were observed. Combined with HE staining, intestinal organ morphology evaluation was performed. Combined with Alcian Blue staining, the secretion function of aGVHD intestinal organoids was observed. The distribution and changes of Lgr5+ and Clu+ intestinal stem cells in intestinal organoids were analyzed under the conditions of 5%, 10% and 20% serum concentrations by immunohistochemical stainings.@*RESULTS@#The results of HE staining showed that the integrity of intestinal organoids in the 5% concentration serum group was better than that in the 10% and 20% groups. The 5% concentration serum group showed the highest number of organoids, the highest germination rate and the lowest pathological score among experimental groups, while the 20% group exhibited severe morphological destruction and almost no germination was observed, and the pathological score was the highest among all groups(t=3.668, 4.334,5.309,P<0.05). The results of Alican blue staining showed that the secretion function of intestinal organoids in serum culture of aGVHD in the 20% group was weaker than that of the 5% group and 10% of the organoids, and there was almost no goblet cells, and mucus was stainned in the 20% aGVHD serum group. The immunohistochemical results showed that the number of Lgr5+ cells of intestinal organoids in the 5% group was more than that of the intestinal organoids in the 10% aGVHD serum group and 20% aGVHD serum group. Almost no Clu+ cells were observed in the 5% group. The Lgr5+ cells in the 20% group were seriously injuried and can not be observed. The proportion of Clu+ cells in the 20% group significantly increased.@*CONCLUSION@#The concentration of aGVHD serum in the culture system can affect the number and secretion function of intestinal organoids as well as the number of intestinal stem cells in organoids. The higher the serum concentration, the greater the risk of organoid injury, which reveal the characteristics of the formation and functional change of aGVHD intestinal organoids, and provide a novel tool for the study of intestinal injury in aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Mice , Female , Animals , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Stem Cells , Organoids
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 178-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913162

ABSTRACT

Blocking immune checkpoint programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) or programmed death receptor-ligand 1 (PD-L1) can enhance anti-tumor activity of effector T cells. However, the lack of response in many patients to PD-1/PD-L1 therapy remains a question. Improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME) to enhance the efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitors has become a promising cancer treatment strategy. We constructed a liposome system (PD-L1/siCXCL12-Lp) of CXCL12 siRNA and anti-PD-L1 peptide with matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) responsiveness, which combined the TME regulation of siCXCL12 and the immune regulation of anti-PD-L1 peptide. All animal experiments were approved by the Biomedical Ethics Committee of Peking University. The authors found that PD-L1/siCXCL12-Lp directly down-regulated the expression of CXCL12 in vitro (33.8%) and in vivo (15.5%). It also effectively increased the ratio of CD8+/Treg by 20.0%, which helped the anti-PD-L1 peptide to better exert its immune effect. The combination therapy significantly inhibited tumor growth (52.08%) with great safety, which explored a new idea for cancer immunotherapy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 734-738, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935452

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the etiological and epidemiological characteristics of Vibrio cholerae in Beijing during 2015-2021 and provide evidence for the prevention and control of cholera. Methods: The V. cholerae strains isolated in Beijing during 2015-2021 were analyzed by serotyping and virulence genes detection. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was performed for the molecular typing of the strains. Based on the collected epidemiological and clinical data of cholera cases,the epidemiological characteristics of cholera were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology method. Results: A total of 76 Vibrio cholerae O1 strains were isolated in Beijing during 2015-2021, including 61 strains from human, 10 strains from environment and 5 strains from seafood. The 76 strains consisted of 68 Ogawa strains and 8 Inaba strains. Six Ogawa strains isolated from sporadic cases carried ctxAB. After NotⅠ digestion, 76 strains were divided into 33 PFGE patterns. From 2015 to 2021, a total of 38 cholera epidemics were reported in Beijing, most of them were sporadic ones, accounting for 92.11% (35/38). A total of 45 cases were reported, and the cases occurred during June-September accounted for 97.78% (44/45). Cholera cases occurred in 9 districts of Beijing, and the cases reported in Chaoyang district accounted for 42.22% (19/45) and in Changping district accounted for 31.11% (14/45). The age of the cholera cases ranged from 19 to 63 years. Except for one case with unknown clinical symptoms, 44 cases had diarrhea symptoms with 84.09% (37/44) of the cases reporting diarrhea (3-9 times/day), followed by yellow watery stool (95.45%, 42/44), abdominal pain (68.18%, 30/44), nausea and vomiting (40.91%, 18/44) and fever (36.36%, 16/44). Conclusion: Vibrio cholerae strains isolated in Beijing during 2015-2021 were mainly O1 serotype Ogawa,most of which were non-toxigenic. The PFGE of the strains varied. Cholera epidemics occurred in 9 districts of Beijing, but most were sporadic ones with incidence peak during June-September.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Beijing/epidemiology , Cholera/epidemiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Vibrio cholerae O1/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 284-288, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To serially characterize the myocardial perfusion, myocardial hibernation and left ventricular (LV) function as well as LV remodeling in progressive coronary artery stenosis in Chinese mini-pigs.Methods:In 8 Chinese mini-pigs (5 males, 3 females; age: 10 months), chronic progression of coronary stenosis and finally occlusion was established using Ameroid constrictor implantation at the 1 cm below the bifurcation of the first diagonal branch of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery. Serial gated 99Tc m-methoxyisobutylisonitrile(MIBI) SPECT/CT, gated 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and coronary angiography (CAG) were performed before surgery and at the 1st, 4th and 8th week after surgery. Longitudinally, total perfusion defect (TPD), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), LV end-systolic volume (LVESV), summed motion score (SMS), summed thickening score (STS) and hibernating myocardium (HM) were analyzed. Repeated measures analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test and Bonferroni correction method were used to analyze data. Results:One mini-pig died of infection after the Ameroid constrictor implantation. In the remaining 7 mini-pigs, TPD was progressively increased with time prolonged (0, 12.0%(0, 33.0%), (41.1±23.7)% and (49.3±24.5)%; H=17.03, P=0.001); Compared with HM before the surgery (100%), HM was gradually reduced from the 1st (21.0%(6.0%, 100%)) to the 4th (18.0%(3.0%, 33.0%)) week after surgery, and then increased to the 8th week after surgery ((23.0±15.4)%; H=13.09, P=0.004), but there was no significant difference between the 1st and 4th week, or between the 4th and 8th week after surgery (both P>0.05 (Bonferroni correction method)). Accordingly, LVEF gradually decreased ((73.7±8.4)%, (63.7±19.1)%, (53.7±14.6)% and (49.9±15.4)%; F=6.22, P=0.004). LVEDV (9.0(6.0, 21.0), (31.4±16.3), (32.9±17.4) and (36.4±17.5) ml; H=8.58, P=0.035)and LVESV ((3.8±3.2), (15.9±15.3), 12.0(10.0, 17.0)and (19.3±10.9) ml; H=10.51, P=0.015) gradually increased. SMS and STS continuously increased as well ( H values: 16.49, 13.33, P values: 0.001, 0.004). Conclusions:With the progression of coronary artery stenosis to occlusion, myocardial perfusion is gradually decreased, while the global and regional LV function, LV remodeling are gradually aggravated, and HM is gradually reduced. After the chronic coronary artery occlusion, myocardial perfusion has a trend to be improved and HM is gradually recovered.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 110-118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940627

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of isoflavones from Sojae Semen Praeparatum (ISSP) on lipid metabolism in atherosclerotic mice, and decipher the underlying mechanism via the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma/liver X receptor alpha/ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (PPARγ/LXRα/ABCA1) signaling pathway. MethodFifty ApoE-/- mice were randomly assigned into the model group, western medicine (atorvastatin calcium, 3.03 mg·kg-1) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose ISSP (2.5, 5, 10 mg·kg-1, respectively) groups, with 10 rats in each group. Atherosclerosis model mice were established by bilateral ovariectomy and feeding high-fat diet. Another 10 ApoE-/- mice receiving ovariectomy and high-fat diet were taken as the sham group. Some mice died of postoperative infection, and finally 6 mice were included in each group. One week after operation, each group was administrated with corresponding drugs or equivalent amount of normal saline. After 12 weeks, the levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFAs) in serum and liver tissue were measured. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and oil red O staining were used for observation of aortic plaque formation and liver lipid deposition. The mRNA and protein levels of PPARγ, LXRα, ABCA1, and ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) in liver were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. ResultCompared with the sham group, the modeling of atherosclerosis increased the aortic plaque area (P<0.01), elevated the serum TC, TG, LDL-C, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels (P<0.01), decreased the level of HDL-C (P<0.01), increased the liver index (P<0.05) and the levels of TC, TG, and NEFAs in liver (P<0.01), and caused obvious hepatic fat vacuoles and lipid deposition. In addition, the modeling down-regulated the mRNA levels of PPARγ, LXRα, ABCA1 in liver (P<0.05, P<0.01),and regulated the mRNA and protein levels of ABCG1(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, atorvastatin calcium and middle-, high-dose ISSP reduced the serum TC, TG, LDL-C, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels (P<0.01), decreased the liver index (P<0.01), alleviated the liver fat vacuoles and lipid deposition, and increased the levels of TC, TG, and NEFAs in the liver (P<0.05, P<0.01). Furthermore, they up-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of PPARγ, LXRα, ABCA1, and ABCG1 in the liver (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionISSP may regulate lipid metabolism through PPARγ/LXRα/ABCA1 signaling pathway to down-regulate the expression of inflammatory cytokines in serum and alleviate liver lipid deposition, thereby suppressing the formation of atherosclerotic plaque.

16.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 230-232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878436

ABSTRACT

Basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS), also known as Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disease. It is thought to be caused by a mutation in the PTCH1 gene, and its incidence is 1/57 000 to 1/256 000. The case of a 7-year-old patient with BCNS and Duchenne muscular dystrophy was reported in this paper.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/diagnosis , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Mutation
17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 462-468, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887880

ABSTRACT

Sevoflurane is one of the most commonly used inhaled anesthetics in obstetric and pediatric general anesthesia.According to related literature,this article reviews major possible mechanisms including myelin formation damage,nerve inflammation,cell apoptosis,oxidative stress,inhibition of histone acetylation,synapsis and receptor changes of sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity in animal experiments.Furthermore,we summarize the neuroprotection effects and functioning mechanisms of anti-anemia medicine,plant-based drugs,alpha 2 adrenoceptor agonists and others,aiming to provide a basis for the brain protection of fetuses and infants during the perioperative period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anesthetics, Inhalation/adverse effects , Apoptosis , Brain , Methyl Ethers , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Oxidative Stress , Sevoflurane
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 19-26, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Gegen Qinliantang (GQT) on the structure of intestinal flora in dysbacterial diarrhea rats by 16S rRNA sequencing. Method:Sixty healthy SD rats were randomly and equally divided into a control group, a model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose GQT groups, and a Bifidobiogen group. The rat model was induced in the five groups except the control group by administration of mixed antibiotics (178.6 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> cefradine and 31.25 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>gentamicin sulfate) according to the dose. Drug intervention was carried out in each group (7.02, 3.51, and 1.755 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> GQT for the high-, medium-, and low-dose GQT groups, 0.125 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> bifidobacterium capsules for the Bifidobiogen group, and sterile distilled water for the control and model groups) with a volume of 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> for seven days. Colon contents of rats were obtained under anesthesia. The extracted fecal DNA underwent 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing and the results were analyzed. Result:GQT was proved capable of adjusting the species number and Alpha and Beta diversity, improving the biological richness and diversity of the flora, and positively regulating three differential phyla (Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes) and 14 differential genera (<italic>Bacteroides</italic>,<italic> Parabacteroides</italic>,<italic> Blautia</italic>, etc.) in rat model of dysbacterial diarrhea. Conclusion:The present study confirmed the regulatory effect of GQT on intestinal flora of dysbacterial diarrhea rats, and revealed the physiological and pathological mechanism between intestinal flora and dysbacterial diarrhea.

19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 46-54, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of Baiyaojian before and after fermentation on intestinal flora and expression of Occludin and zonula occludens protein-1 (ZO-1) in intestinal mucosa of mice with ulcerative colitis (UC), and to explore the mechanism of Baiyaojian and Galla Chinensis in the treatment of UC. Method:Totally 50 mice were randomly divided into 5 groups with 10 mice in each group, one group was randomly selected as blank group, and the other 4 groups were treated with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) to induce UC model. After modeling, mice in the blank group and model group were given normal saline, and treatment groups were given Mesalazine (0.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), Galla Chinensis decoction (1.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Baiyaojian decoction (2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by intragastric administration for 7 days. The 16S rRNA sequencing technology was used to detect the changes of intestinal flora in mouse feces. The histopathological changes of colon tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in colon tissue of mice were compared by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the blank group, the abundance and diversity of intestinal flora in UC mice were significantly decreased, and the colonic tissue was thickened with congestion and obvious ulcers, and the expression levels of Occludin and ZO-1 were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). After treatment with Galla Chinensis and Baiyaojian, the abundance and diversity of flora were improved. At the phylum level, relative abundance of Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in Galla Chinensis group. In Baiyaojian group, the relative abundance of Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the relative abundance of Firmicutes increased and the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes decreased, but there was no significant difference. At the genus level, the relative abundance of <italic>Bacteroides</italic>, <italic>Allobaculum </italic>and <italic>Ruminococcus</italic> decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the relative abundance of <italic>Roseburia</italic>, <italic>Prevotella</italic>, <italic>Oscillospira</italic> and <italic>Paraprevotella</italic> increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01) in Galla Chinensis group. In Baiyaojian group, the relative abundance of <italic>Bacteroides</italic> and <italic>Allobaculum</italic> decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the relative abundance of <italic>Prevotella</italic>, <italic>Oscillospira</italic>, <italic>Roseburia</italic> and <italic>Ruminococcus</italic> increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, colon tissue of Galla Chinensis group and Baiyaojian group was recovered obviously, congestion was alleviated, only scattered ulcers were seen. The expression of Occludin and ZO-1 increased, and the expression level of Baiyaojian group was higher than that of Galla Chinensis group. Conclusion:The effect of Baiyaojian is better than Galla Chinensis in the treatment of UC. The mechanism may be through regulating the abundance and diversity of intestinal flora, improving the disorder of intestinal flora and increasing the expression of ZO-1 and Occludin and protecting the intestinal mucosal barrier function for alleviating intestinal inflammation.

20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1083-1087, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical relevance of serum interleukin-2 receptor α (IL-2Rα) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).@*METHODS@#One hundred and seven SLE patients and 39 healthy controls with comparable age and gender were recruited at Peking University People's Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020. Complete clinical data in 107 SLE patients at baseline and follow-up were collected. SLE disease activity index 2000 (SLEDAI-2K) was used to assess the disease activity of the SLE patients. The serum level of IL-2Rα in the SLE patients and healthy controls was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The association between serum IL-2Rα and clinical and laboratory parameters was investigated. Mann-Whitney U test or t test, Chi-square test and Spearman correlation were used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The serum IL-2Rα levels were significantly higher in the SLE patients [830.82 (104.2-8 940.48) ng/L], compared with those in the healthy controls [505.1 (78.65-1 711.52) ng/L] (P < 0.001). Association analysis showed that the increased serum IL-2Rα was positively associated with SLEDAI-2K scores and anti-nucleosome antibody (r=0.357, P < 0.001; r=0.25, P=0.027, respectively). Thirty-six of 107 (33.6%) SLE patients had lupus nephritis. Serum IL-2Rα levels were significantly higher in the patients accompanied with lupus nephritis [1 102.14 (126.52-8 940.48) ng/L] than in the patients without lupus nephritis [743.89 (104.19-4 872.06) ng/L] (P=0.032). The patients in the high IL-2Rα group had more lupus nephritis compared with those in the low IL-2Rα group (40.8% vs. 19.4%, P=0.031). Meanwhile, SLEDAI-2K scores were found significantly higher in the high IL-2Rα group than in the low IL-2Rα group [10 (3-21) vs. 7 (3-16), P=0.001]. With the improvement of disease activity in the SLE patients after conventional treatments, serum levels of IL-2Rα [1 119.1 (372.25-2 608.86) ng/L] in the week 12 decreased significantly compared with the baseline [1 556.73 (373.08-8 940.48) ng/L] (P=0.042).@*CONCLUSION@#Serum IL-2Rα may be used as a biomarker of disease activity in patients with SLE. There is certain correlation between serum IL-2Rα and renal involvement in SLE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/blood , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis
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