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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1183-1196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927773

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have broad application potentials in regenerative medicine and translational medicine. Obtaining large quantities of primary-cultured MSCs and select the most suitable cell origin for targeted diseases are critical to research. To select the most suitable seed cells of MSCs from different origins for clinical treatment and research, biological characteristics of MSCs from human umbilical cord and placenta were compared. These include cell morphology, surface marker expression, differentiation and karyotype. Transcriptome sequencing of four MSCs from fetus were performed and the results were analyzed from the perspective of proliferation and cytokine secretion. The results revealed that MSCs from umbilical cord (UC), amniotic membrane (AM), chorionic membrane (CM), chorionic villi (CV) and deciduae (DC) met the minimum standards of the International Society of Cell Therapy (ISCT) in 2006 and had the general characteristics of stem cells. Karyotype analysis showed that MSCs derived from UC, AM, CM and CV were all from fetus except that the DC-MSCs were from mother. Transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that hMSCs from umbilical cord and placenta had similar gene expression patterns, while different expression patterns were observed in specific genes involved in cell cycle, cell division, cell death, cell growth and development. These genes play important roles in transcriptional regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosome stability, which were momentous components of cellular or subcellular fraction movement, cell communication, cell tissue protrusions, cytokine secretion and hormone metabolism. Transcriptome sequencing analysis explained the differences in biological characteristics among MSCs from different sources, while verification experiments based on the transcriptome sequencing results showed that the proliferation and cytokine secretion capabilities of MSCs from different sources were significantly different. In all, UC-MSCs and CV-MSCs with stronger proliferation and higher levels of paracrine factors secretion may show their respective advantages in treating diseases.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Female , Fetus , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Placenta , Pregnancy , Umbilical Cord
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880821

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the strategy of pregnancy-preserving and maternal- fetal management in patients with primary gynecologic neuroendocrine tumors (gNETs) during pregnancy.@*METHODS@#We performed whole genome sequencing (WGS) for analyzing maternal and fetal somatic and germline single nucleotide variations (SNVs) and small insertions and deletions (InDels) for a 29-year-old pregnant woman diagnosed with stage IB2 large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and adenocarcinoma in the cervix. A systematic literature review was performed to explore the strategies for treatment of such rare histological type while maintaining pregnancy.@*RESULTS@#Global case analysis of cervical NETs during pregnancy suggested that negative lymph node metastasis and an early FIGO stage were potentially associated with a good prognosis of the patients. In the case presented herein, a pregnancy-preserving strategy was adopted and favorable maternal-fetal outcomes were achieved after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, radical surgery and postoperative systemic chemotherapy. At 35@*CONCLUSIONS@#Although gNETs in pregnancy are rare and highly risky, pregnancy-preserving managements of gNETs can still be considered and favorable maternalfetal outcomes are possible with proper assessment of the clinical indications and implementation of multimodal treatments. Precise treatment and follow-up strategies based on the results of WGS for risk-reducing intervention of cancer recurrence or occurrence can potentially benefit the patient and the neonate.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Adult , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine/genetics , Child , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pregnancy , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912000

ABSTRACT

Identification of the risk factors for conversion to cesarean section during labor can significantly improve the mother and infant outcomes. Though advocated by the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISUOG), intrapartum ultrasound is not widely practiced in managing labor progress. The Obstetrics and Gynecology Center of Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University has carried out intrapartum ultrasound in recent years. We summarize the clinical key point and the significance of measuring the major sonographic parameters during labor and illustrate the role of occiput-spine angle, a new sonographic index, in predicting fetal head descent during the first stage of labor.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828540

ABSTRACT

The intrinsic regrowth ability of injured neurons is essential for axon regeneration and functional recovery. Recently, numerous intrinsic pathways that regulate axon regeneration have been discovered, among which the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway are arguably the best characterized examples. MAPK signaling pathway is involved in multiple processes including sensing injury signals, initiating and promoting axonal regrowth through regulating cytoskeleton dynamics and protein synthesis. The PI3K/Akt signaling pathway regulates axon regeneration mainly through gene transcription and translation. Combinatory manipulation of multiple regeneration-promoting signals can further improve the extend of axonal regrowth. This paper summarizes current progresses on axon regeneration studies in various organisms and discuss their potentials in promoting functional recovery .


Subject(s)
Axons , Physiology , Nerve Regeneration , Neurons , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Regeneration , Signal Transduction
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804713

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand and analyze the prevalence of viral hepatitis in railway passenger occupational population in Jiangxi province, and to explore its epidemiological characteristics, so as to provide basis for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis in railway occupational population in the future.@*Methods@#The test results of anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV)-IgM, anti-HAV-IgG, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs), anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV), anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV)-IgM and anti-HEV-IgG in some passenger train attendants of Nanchang Railway Bureau from 2013 to 2015 were collected and analyzed by SPSS 19.0 and Excel 2007 software.@*Results@#The positive rate of anti-HAV-IgG was 90.6%-98.7% from 2013 to 2015, the positive rate of HBsAg was 6.6%-15.1%, the positive rate of anti-HCV was 0.2%-1.4%, the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was 16.1%-24.9%; the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was significantly different between men and women, and the positive rate of anti-HEV-IgG was 29.5%, 30.5%, 22.5% between 2013 and 2015. The positive rate of male was higher than that of female (22.3, 22.5, 13.8) (χ2=3.934, P=0.047; χ2 =4.363, P=0.037; χ2=6.755, P=0.009), and there was no significant difference between male and female in the surveillance results of other types of viral hepatitis.@*Conclusions@#The positive rate of intestinal transmitted hepatitis was high in the population and low in the acute phase. The positive rate of anti-HCV was low in the population with extraintestinal transmitted hepatitis. The positive rate of HBsAg was high in the population with extraintestinal transmitted hepatitis.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 409-412, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754325

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise combined with resistance exercise on blood sugar and constitution in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods Fifty eligible subjects in community type 2 diabetes database were randomly selected and a model intervention group of"1+2+1" was established.The regular exercise intervention was conducted for six months by combining aerobic exercise with resistance exercise.The fasting blood sugar,blood pressure,heart rate,body mass and fat mass before and after intervention were compared by paired t test.Changes in related physical indicators.Results After 6 month of exercise therapy,fasting blood glucose of subjects reduced from (8.58±4.40) mmol/L to (6.29 ±1.72) mmol/L(P=0.032).Body weight also reduced from (62.44±7.35) Kg to (60.70±7.54) Kg(P=0.008). In physical quality related indexes, fat mass decreased significantly, while protein content increased significantly.There were no changes in muscle mass and fat free body weight.In addition, grip strength and flexion range of subjects significantly increased after exercise therapy.Comprehensive score of physical quality of subjects increased from (73.25± 5.65) to (75.48± 5.04) ( P=0.010).Conclusion Exercise therapy of aerobic exercise combined with resistant exercise can effectively reduce blood glucose, body weight and fat mass,increase muscle strength,flexibility and physical quality.This also reflects that the community?led "health and physical integration" mode of work is an effective means to manage chronic diseases and enhance the physical fitness of residents.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781020

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of tetrahydroxy stilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (TSG) on stress-induced premature senescence of human skin fibroblasts (HSF) exposed to ultraviolet radiation B (UVB) and its possible mechanism.METHODS: HSFs were repeatedly exposed to UVB at a subcytotoxic level. TSG treatment (0.02, 0.10 and 0.50 mmol/L) was given immediately after each irradiation. The HSFs were divided into six groups:blank control group, model group, UVB+0.02 mmol/L TSG group, UVB+0.10 mmol/L TSG group, UVB+0.50 mmol/L TSG and TSG group (0.50 mmol/L). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to evaluate the proliferative activity of cells; senescence-associated-β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining was performed to estimate the degree of premature senescence in cells; TBA method and WST-1 method were used to detect intracellular malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities; and ELISA was applied to quantify the secretion level of matrix metalloproteinase1 (MMP-1) in cultured supernatant. RESULTS Compared with the blank control group, the proliferative activity and SOD level in the model group decreased (P<0.05), while the percentage of SA-β-gal-positive cells, MDA and MMP-1 levels increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the proliferative activity and SOD level increased in UVB+TSG groups (all P<0.05), and the percentage of SA-β-gal-positive cells, MDA and MMP-1 levels decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS TSG can inhibit UVB-induced premature senescence of HSF, which may be related to the inhibition of oxidative stress and high expression of MMP-1.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694359

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prognostic value of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1(sTREM-1) in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).Methods A total of 103 VAP patients were enrolled from June 2013 to May 2015 in the ICU of Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University.The demographics and clinical data were collected,while serum sTREM-1,procalcitonin (PCT),C-reactive protein(CRP),clinical pulmonary infection score(CPIS) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) were measured.Patients were divided into the death group and the survival group according to 28 d survival.The differences in demographics and clinical data were compared between groups.The values of sTREM-1,PCT,CPIS and APACHE Ⅱ for predicting 28 d death were evaluated by receiver operating curves(ROC).The surviving curve was drawn by Kaplan-Meier method.The possible prognostic factors were analyzed by univadate and logistic multivariate analysis.Results There were 76 patients in the survival group and 27 patients in the death group,and there was no difference in demographics between two groups(P>0.05).The serum sTREM-1,PCT,CPIS and APACHE Ⅱ were higher in the death group[(89.50±18.45) pg/mL,(823.86±182.74) pg/ mL,(7.20±1.74) and (19.58±3.43)] than those in the survival group[(54.09±12.71) pg/mL,(579.81±193.45) pg/mL,(4.79±1.93) and (17.23±3.12),all P<0.05].The areas under the ROC of sTREM-1,PCT,CPIS and APACHE Ⅱ for predicting 28 d death were 0.84±0.04(95%CI:0.75-0.92,P<0.01),0.65±0.05(95%CI:0.55-0.74,P=0.49),0.67±0.06(95%CI:0.55-0.79,P<0.01),0.79±0.04(95%CI:0.70-0.87,P=0.03),respectively.Patients were assigned into two groups by the best cutoffpoint of sTREM-l=75.00 pg/mL,and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that 28 d survival rate in the low sTREM-1 group was significantly higher than that in the high sTREM-1 group (82.5% vs.63.4%,x2=3.96,P<0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that both sTREM-1 (OR=1.08,95%CI:1.04-1.13,P<0.01) andAPACHE Ⅱ (OR=1.39,95%CI:1.15-1.67,P<0.01) were risk factors associated with 28 d death.Conclusions Early serum sTREM-1 can be used as a reliable predictor for the outcome of patients with VAP.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692978

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the safety and efficacy of directly thrombectomy and bridging therapy in patients with acute large vessel occlusion stroke within 4.5 h of onset.Methods From April 2014 to September 2017, patients with acute large vessel occlusion stroke treated with emergency mechanical thrombectomy in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital,the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School were collected. The patients who were eligible for intravenous thrombolysis and whose onset time was ≤4.5 h were selected. The propensity score matching analysis and McNemar test were used to compare the safety and efficacy of direct mechanical thrombectomy and bridging therapy. Results A total of 41 patients with acute large vessel occlusion stroke were enrolled.The final propensity score matching was 12 pairs.In the direct thrombectomy group, the time from door to femoral artery sheath placement was significantly reduced (P=0.03), but there was no significant difference in the good functional outcome rate, mortality rate, and incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage between the two groups of patients at 90 d(P>0.05).Conclusion It is safe and effective to start direct mechanical thrombectomy within 4.5 h of onset in patients with acute large vessel occlusion stroke and can significantly shorten the time of vascular recanalization.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1680-1683, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734024

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of mifepristone and misoprostol combined with hysteroscopic resection of endometrial uterine incision cesarean scar pregnancy.Methods A retrospective study was conducted to analyze 135 cases of scar pregnancy of endogenous lower uterine cesarean section from January 2015 to October 2017.According to the treatment methods,they were divided into group A (mifepristone and misoprostol combined with hysteroscopy),group B (methotrexate combined with hysteroscopy),group C (Uterine artery embolization + curettage).Each group had 45 cases,and the therapeutic effects of the three methods were compared.Results There was no significant difference in gestational sac size and serum human chorionic gonadotropin [beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)] levels among the three groups before operation (P > 0.05).After operation,the operation time,intraoperative bleeding volume,serum beta-HCG dropping to normal time,vaginal bleeding time and hospitalization time in A and C group were significantly lower than that in B group (P > 0.05).There was no significant difference between group A and group C in operation time,serum beta-HCG to normal time,vaginal bleeding time and hospitalization time.(P > 0.05).The menstruation time of group A was significantly shorter than that of group B and group C (P <0.05).The effective rates of group A,B and C were 100.00%,97.78% and 100.00% respectively,with no significant difference in the three groups (P > 0.05);The complication rates of A,B and C groups were 2.22%,13.33% and 4.44% respectively,with no significant difference in the three groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions The three methods are effective in the treatment of cesarean scar pregnancy.The mifepristone and misoprostol combined with hysteroscopy have the advantages of less operative trauma and faster postoperative recovery.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616372

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of cold knife conization and transcervical resection of cervical lesion in the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN) Ⅱ,Ⅲ.Methods:The clinical data of 62 patients with CIN Ⅱ,Ⅲ underwent cold knife conization(CKC group) and 114 underwent transcervical resection of cervical lesion(TCRC group)in Zhujiang Hospital Southern Medical University from Jan 1 st 2010 to Jun 1 st 2014 were collected.The patients' age,pregnant frequency,mean operative time,preoperative pathological grading,blood loss during the operation and after the operation,positive resected margin,cervical stenosis and recurrence were compared between the two groups.Results:There was no difference on the patients age,pregnant frequency and preoperative pathological grading between the two groups(P > 0.05).The mean blood loss during the operation (14.16 ± 14.10 ml)and the mean hospital stays(5.73 ± 1.43 days)of CKC group were significantly different from those of TCRC group(29.80 ±20.55 ml,4.75 ±1.23 days) (P<0.05).There was no statistical difference on the mean operation time,postoperative vaginal bleeding rate,rate of positive resected margin,cervical stenosis rate and recurrence rate between CKC group and TCRC group (33.15 ± 11.42 min vs 33.18 ±14.61 min,33.9% vs 21.1%,3.2% vs 5.3%,4.8% vs 4.4%,4.8% vs 3.5%,respectively) (P>0.05).The concordance rate of pre-operation and post operation pathological results of CKC group and TCRC group was 74.2% (46/62) and 72.8% (83/114) respectively,both kappa values were < 0.75.Conclusions;Both CKC and TCRCT are safe as well as effective in the treatment of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.Compared with CKC,TCRC has the advantage of short hospital stay,while much intraoperative blood loss,which calls for intraoperative attention.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512870

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of cisplatin on the proliferation and autophagy of endometrial carcinoma Ishikawa cells.Methods Ishikawa cell proliferation was detected by MTS assay after the cells were treated with CDDP.To assess the level of autophagy,transmission electron microscope and Western blot were used to detect LC3 and Beclin1 expression;fluorescence microscopy was used to observe the fluorescence aggregation of green fluorescent protein and microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 fusionprotein (GFP-LC3).Results Cisplatin of 10 g/mL inhibited the proliferation of Ishikawa cells,with an increase of time and concentration,the inhibition of cell proliferation was significantly elevated (P < 0.01).Transmission electron microscopy showed that under a condition of cisplatin on Ishikawa endometrial cancer cell,autophagy occurred.With an increase of concentration and dosage,Western blot showed that autophagy related protein LC3 expression was up-regulated,but becline-1 had no obvious change.LC3 expression level was higher in 12h-treatment with 20 μg/mL cisplatin group than in the control group,and was higher in 24h-treatment group than in 12h-treatment group.Conclusions Cisplatin inhibits proliferation of Ishikawa cells and induces autophagy of the cells in a time-and dose-dependent manner.Autophagy related MAP-LC3 is involved in the molecular mechanisms of autophagy induced by cisplatin in endometrial carciHom.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504832

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Stem cel transplantation, in recent years, has become a preferred treatment for premature ovarian failure. Umbilical cord blood mononuclear cel s containing a large number of mesenchymal stem cel s, immature stem/progenitor cel s, and endothelial progenitor cel s can be used as an important source of stem cel transplantation. OBJECTIVE:To study the therapeutic efficacy of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cel transplantation on radioactive premature ovarian failure in nude mice. METHODS:120 female BALB/C nude mice were randomly divided into four groups:blank control group without any intervention;model group, intravenous transplantation group, and in situ transplantation group exposed to 60Coγrays, 0.5 Gry per day, for 30 days. After 30 days, premature ovarian failure models were made in the latter three groups. Then, nude mice in the latter three groups were given bilateral ovary injection of 10 μL DMEM, tail vein injection of 10 μL human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cel s (1×1013/L), and bilateral ovary injection of 10 μL human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cel s (1×1013/L), respectively. Thirty days after cel transplantation, serum levels of estradiol, fol icle hormone, luteinizing hormone, inhibin B and vascular endothelial growth factor were detected, cel apoptosis in the ovary tissue and cel survival were observed pathological y. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After modeling, the serum levels of estradiol, inhibin B and vascular endothelial growth factor were significantly reduced (P<0.01), while fol icle hormone and luteinizing hormone levels increased (P<0.01). After transplantation, these indexes were al improved in the in situ transplantation group (P<0.01), and reduced fol icle hormone and luteinizing hormone levels were visible in the intravenous transplantation group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in situ transplantation and intravenous injection of human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cel s could effectively reduce cel apoptosis in the ovary tissue (P<0.05), and transplanted cel s were able to survive in the ovary of nude mice. Al these findings show human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cel transplantation do have curative effects on premature ovarian failure in nude mice through the inhibition of apoptosis and the regulation of hormone secretion.

14.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 353-355,356, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features and risk factors of adult nephrotic syndrome with pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Methods Sixty patients diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome and clinically suspected with PTE were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into PTE group (n=32) and no-PTE group (n=28) according to the results of computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA). The single factor analysis and Logistic repres?sion analysis were used to analyse risk factors including age, gender, onset time, clinical symptoms, laboratory examination and pathological types. According to the independent risk factors, the receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was used to determine PTE threshold value based on the evaluation index in nephrotic syndrome. Results Single factor analysis showed that there were significant differences in disease duration, hemoglobin, serum albumin, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, D-dimer and physical examination in P2 hyperthyroidism between two groups (P <0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that D-dimer was independent risk factor of PTE. The analysis of ROC curve indi?cated that D-dimer optimal threshold was 1 015.50μg/L. Conclusion D-dimer is an independent risk factor of PTE in pa?tients with nephrotic syndrome. When D-dimer is greater than 1 015.50μg/L, should pay attention to the occurrence of PTE.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478940

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate correlative analysis between plasma BNP,CRP levels and computed tomographic manifestations in acute moderate or severe traumatic brain injury.Methods According to the severe traumatic brain injury and mild traumatic brain injury criteria that onset within 24h,patients were devided into the observation group A (73 cases with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury)and observation group B(20 cases with mild traumatic brain injury ).All patients received CT scan,CT image characteristics and Rotterdam CT grading were recorded.,Plasma BNP and CRP levels were detected at the same time,healthy persons with matched age and gender within same period were selected (control group),relationships of plasma BNP and CRP levels with CT manifestations were analyzed.Results Plasma BNP and CRP levels of the observation group were obviously higher than those of the control group (P 5mm,ventricular pressure≤0.2,Rotterdam CT score >3, the BNP and CRP levels were higher than the corresponding patnents (P 3 points.Conclusion Plasma BNP and CRP levels of patients with acute moderate or severe traumatic brain injury are closely related to various characteristics of CT,and are independent predictors of Rotterdam CT scores,they can be used as a biological marker assisting to evaluate degree of severe craniocerebral injury patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468935

ABSTRACT

To compare the effects of laparoscopic total or subtotal hysterectomy and myomectomy on ovarian reserve by measuring the serum level of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH).A total of 96 patients with uterine fibroids underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH group,n =32),laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy (LSH group,n =31) and laparoscopic myomectomy (LM group,n =33).Changes in ovarian reserve were examined by measuring the level of AMH pre-operation and at 1 and 4 months post-operation.No significant differences existed in AMH in LM group[(1.42 ±0.65),(1.31 ±0.53) & (1.33 ±0.61) μg/L,P > 0.05].The levels of AMH in both groups were significantly lower than those at pre-operation [(1.17 ± 0.11),(1.01 ±0.10),(0.48±0.54) & (1.18±0.93),(0.45 ±0.39),(0.14±0.0) μg/L,P<0.001].The mean percentage decrease in AMH was lower in TLH group than that in LSH group at 4-month follow-up [(-37.4 ± 37.6) % vs.(-27.0 ± 23.0) %,P =0.017].The results showed that LM had no effect on ovarian reserve.Both LSH and TLH had adverse effects on ovarian reserve and TLH was more marked.

17.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 747-751, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452034

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of ERCC1 and BRCA1 gene expression with clinical features and sensitivity to platinum-containing chemotherapy in patients with ovarian epithelial carcinoma. Methods Primary ovarian epithelial carcinoma tissues were harvested from 48 patients receiving staging surgery or cytoreductive surgery. Expression of ERCC1 and BRCA1 in the tumor samples was detected by immunohistochemistry. Results ERCC1 expression was correlated with clinical stage(P﹤0. 05)but not with age,pathological type or degree of differentiation(P﹥0. 05). BRCA1 expression was not correlated with any of the clinicopathological features(P﹥0. 05);ERCC1 expression was significantly higher in drug-resistant tissues than in drug-sensitive samples(P﹤0. 05);The expression of ERCC1 and BRCA1 was positive in 89. 58%and 25. 00%of the samples,respectively. Conclusion ERCC1 gene expression is correlated with clinical stage but not with age,pathological type or degree of differentiation. BRCA1 gene expression is not correlated with clinicopathological features. ERCC1 has high positive expression in epithelial ovarian cancer and is correlated with sensitivity of platinum-containing adjuvant chemotherapy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of polymorphisms of arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR) - 1661G/A with glutathione S-transferase pi ( GSTP1 ) - 313A/G and the susceptibility to endometriosis in southern Han Chinese.Methods Total of 432 endometriosis patients undergoing laparoscopic or laparotomy surgery matched with 493 patients with fallopian tube ligation,tubal recanalization,laparoscopic hydrotubation,benign ovarian tumor and teratoma surgeries without endometriosis as control group were enrolled in this study.The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of AhR -1661G/A and GSTP1 -313A/G were detected by using a fluorescent quantitative PCR-based high resolution melting (HRM).Results The numbers of combined genotypes AhR - 1661G/A and GSTP1 -313A/G were 120 patients with AG + AA,64 patients with AG + AG,8 patients with AG + GG,109 patients with GG +AA,84 patients with GG + AG,4 patients with GG + GG,31 patients with AA + AA,10 patients with AA + AG,1 patient with AA + GG at endometriosis group and 131 patients with AG + AA,68 patients with AG + AG,6 patients with AG + GG,157 patients with GG + AA,66 patients with GG + AG,4 patients with GG + GG,35 patients with AA + AA,20 patients with AA + AG,3 patients with AA + GG at endometriosis group.There was no statistically different frequencies of genotypes between endometriosis group and control group (x2 = 12.558,P = 0.128 ).Compared with genotype GG + AA,the risk of endometriosis with genotype GG + AG was increased 1.833 time (95%CI:1.233-2.274).Conclusion The combined genotype GG + AG [ from AhR - 1661G/A (GG) and GSTP1 - 313A/G (AG) ] might be related with susceptibility to endometriosis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 810-813, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423727

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between structure of b D -glucan derivatives from Poria cocos sclerotiuma and anti gastric cancer activities of elderly rats.Methods A water insoluble (1→3)-β-D-glucan (PCS3-Ⅱ ) isolated from fresh sclerotium of Poria cocos was sulfated,carboxymethylated,methylated,hydroxyethylated and hydroxypropylated,respectively,to prepare five water-soluble derivatives.Their activities of the native β-glucan and five derivatives against gastric cancer cell strains of MKN-45,SGC 7901and MKN-28 were tested in vitro and in vivo.Results The native β-glucan did not show any anti-gastric cancer activity,while the sulfated and carboxymethylated derivatives significantly exhibited the anti gastric cancer activity against MKN-45,SGC-7901 and MKN-28 cells in vitro,and elderly rats with MKN-45 transplanted tumor,especially.The gastric cancer inhibition rates of elderly rats were 32.7% and 36.4% for the 100 mg/kg sulfated and carboxymethylated derivatives,respectively.Conclusions The fresh sclerotium of Poria cocos polysaccharides can not show any anti gastric cancer activity in vitro,but the sulfated and carboxymethylated derivatives may increase the inhibition effect.Water-solubility,higher chain stiffness and relatively molecular weight would be benefit to increase anti-elderly gastric cancer activity of polysaccharides from Poria cocos sclerotiuma.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424342

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy of pulse infusion of gonadorelin (LHRH) on the patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) via a micro infusion pump. Methods The protocol was designed as an open, self-controlled prospective study. 31 patients were enrolled and assigned to 3 groups: 23 males without gonadotropin-releasing hormone ( GnRH ) pulse ( group A), 2 males with GnRH pulse frequency insufficiency ( group B), and 6 females ( group C). All the subjects were admitted LHRH every 90 min via the micro infusion pump for 24 weeks. Sex hormones and related characteristics were compared before and after the treatment. Results After 24-weeks treatment, LH peak value reached ( 6. 92 ±5.66 ), ( 9. 55 ±0. 98 ), and ( 6. 93 ±4. 52 ) IU/L; and FSH peak value reached ( 7.44 ± 3. 80 ), ( 12. 85 ± 12. 80 ), and ( 7.38 ±4. 98 ) IU/L among 3 groups, respectively. The testosterone also reached ( 3.18± 1.81 ) and ( 5.78±4. 65 ) ng/ml in groups A and B ( all P<0. 01 ). In groups A and B, the testis volumes were increased, seminal fluid production was found in 7 patients and spermatogenesis in 6 patients. In group C, uterus was enlarged 85.4%, as well as the ovaries of both sides. Menarche was reported in 5 patients. 19. 4% of the studied patients complained uncomfortable at the injection sites, all the symptoms were mild. Conclusion Pulse infusion of LHRH in IHH patients via a micro infusion pump is effective, while the medication system needs improving.

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