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1.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 1100-1107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009461

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expressions of IL-18, IL-18 binding protein isoform a (IL-18BPa) and IL-18 receptor α (IL-18Rα) in blood CD4+ Th2 cells of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and the effects of allergens on their expressions. Methods Blood samples of AR patients and healthy control subjects (HCs) were collected. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and CD4+ T cells sorted by immunomagnetic beads were stimulated by crude extract of Artemisia sieversiana wild allergen (ASWE), Platanus pollen (PPE) and house dust mite extract (HDME). Flow cytometry was used to detect the expression of IL-18, IL-18BPa and IL-18Rα in CD4+ Th2 cells, and BioPlex was used to detect the level of plasma IL-4 and analyze its correlation with the proportion of IL-18+ Th2 cells. Results Compared with HCs, the proportion of IL-18+ cells was increased in Th2 cells of AR patients; MFI of IL-18 was increased, while that of IL-18Rα was decreased. Moreover, allergens induced IL-18 and IL-18Rα expression in sorted CD4+ Th2 cells of HCs and induced IL-18Rα in that of AR patients. Additionally, elevated plasma IL-4 level was found in AR patients, which was moderately correlated with the percentage of IL-18+ Th2 cells. Conclusion Allergens may be involved in the pathogenesis of AR by inducing expression of IL-18 in peripheral blood CD4+ Th2 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Th2 Cells , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Up-Regulation , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Interleukin-4/metabolism , Rhinitis, Allergic/metabolism , Allergens , Cytokines/metabolism
2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 559-575, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982412

ABSTRACT

Interval timing is involved in a variety of cognitive behaviors such as associative learning and decision-making. While it has been shown that time estimation is adaptive to the temporal context, it remains unclear how interval timing behavior is influenced by recent trial history. Here we found that, in mice trained to perform a licking-based interval timing task, a decrease of inter-reinforcement interval in the previous trial rapidly shifted the time of anticipatory licking earlier. Optogenetic inactivation of the anterior lateral motor cortex (ALM), but not the medial prefrontal cortex, for a short time before reward delivery caused a decrease in the peak time of anticipatory licking in the next trial. Electrophysiological recordings from the ALM showed that the response profiles preceded by short and long inter-reinforcement intervals exhibited task-engagement-dependent temporal scaling. Thus, interval timing is adaptive to recent experience of the temporal interval, and ALM activity during time estimation reflects recent experience of interval.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Reward , Time Factors , Cognition , Learning , Decision Making , Reinforcement, Psychology
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-7, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942322

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of 4 weeks of aerobic exercise combined with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on the regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) signaling pathway and related apoptotic proteins in AD rats, and to explore its mechanism of action in improving cognitive function of AD rats. MethodFifty male SD rats were randomly divided into Sham group, exercise (EX) group, Alzheimer's disease (AD) group (model), TCM group (Dabuyuan Jian), and EX+TCM group, 10 in each group. Aβ25-35 oligomer solution was injected into the hippocampal region to establish the AD rat model, and the EX group underwent 6 days/week of running table training. The TCM group was given Dabuyuan Jian (5.36 g∙kg-1) by gavage, and the EX+TCM group received running table training combined with intragastric administration of Dabuyuan Jian. An equal volume of purified water was given to the Sham, AD, and EX groups by gavage. The rats' learning memory was evaluated by Morris water maze. The morphological changes and ultrastructural changes of hippocampal neurons were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. Western blot was performed to detect the protein expression levels of Akt, p-Akt, GSK-3β, p-GSK-3β, β-catenin, Bcl-2, Bax, and cleaved Caspase-3 in the hippocampus of rats. ResultCompared with the Sham group, the AD group showed an increase in escape latency and total swimming distance, and a decrease in the residence time in the target quadrant (P<0.01), with loose and disorganized arrangement of hippocampal pyramidal cells, a decrease in density, myelin-like changes in hippocampal ultrastructure, and a blurring of mitochondrial swelling. In addition, the expression of Bcl-2, p-Akt, p-GSK-3β and β-catenin was down-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01) while the expression of cleaved Caspase-3 was up-regulated (P<0.05). Compared with the conditions in the AD group, the escape latency and swimming distance were reduced in the EX, TCM, and EX+TCM groups, while the residence time in the target quadrant was increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), with regularly arranged pyramidal cells, elevated number of cells, and reduced myelin-like changes and improved mitochondrial swelling as seen by transmission electron microscopy. Moreover, the expression of Bcl-2, p-Akt and p-GSK-3β was up-regulated, while the expression of cleaved Caspase-3 was down-regulated(P<0.05,P<0.01). The EX+TCM group had increased level of β-catenin while the EX and TCM groups were not statistically significant compared with the AD group. Compared with the EX+TCM group, the EX and TCM groups had increased escape latency and swimming distance and decreased residence time in the target quadrant(P<0.05,P<0.01), with loosely arranged pyramidal cells and reduced synaptic integrity under transmission electron microscopy(P<0.01). Furthermore, the levels of Bcl-2, p-Akt, p-GSK-3β and β-catenin were lowered (P<0.05,P<0.01)while the level of cleaved Caspase-3 was elevated(P<0.05). ConclusionAerobic exercise combined with Dabuyuan Jian could improve the cognitive dysfunction of AD rats, and the mechanism might be related to the elevated expression of key proteins in the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β signaling pathway. The combined use was better than the use of exercise or drugs alone.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 161-165, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930593

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of citric acid-induced cough on swallowing function and serum substance P in stroke patients with early tracheotomy.Methods:Forty-nine post-stroke tracheotomy patients admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2018 to July 2019 were selected as study subjects. They were divided into intervention group ( n=24) and control group ( n=25) using the random digit table. The control group was subjected to routine nursing, while the intervention group was given citric acid to induce cough based on routine care. The intervention time was 1 week. The swallowing function and serum substance P levels were compared between the two groups before and after the intervention. Results:After the intervention, 45.8% (11/24) of the patients in the intervention group were assessed as having "strong" swallowing function, compared to 28.0% (7/25) in the control group, with a statistically significant difference in swallowing function between the two groups ( Z= -2.22, P<0.05), and the level of substance P in the intervention group was (283.40 ± 134.82) ng/L, significantly higher than that of the control group (203.59 ± 126.16) ng/L ( t=2.14, P<0.05). Conclusions:Citric acid-induced cough helped stroke patients with early tracheotomy to produce effective swallowing action and up-regulate substance P in serum to promote recovery of swallowing function.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 113-120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931834

ABSTRACT

Acute gastrointestinal dysfunction is a common and important complication of sepsis. As no exiting formal definition and classification of gastrointestinal dysfunction, most of the treatment strategies for gastrointestinal dysfunction are not based on clinical evidence, but on their own clinical experience. Experts of traditional Chinese medicine, integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine and Western medicine from various disciplines in Shanghai are organized by the Shanghai Society of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine and the Emergency Department Branch of Shanghai Physicians Association. After repeated discussion, literature search and formulation of the outline, we developed consensus on gastrointestinal dysfunction secondary to sepsis with integrating Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western medicine by consulting extensively on clinical experts in the fields of emergency medicine, gastroenterology, general surgery, infectious medicine and traditional Chinese medicine, and holding several expert forums and consultation meetings. This clinical expert consensus focused on acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) classification and inducer of sepsis. In this consensus, the common symptoms, diagnosis, classifications, treatment strategies and suggestions of acute gastrointestinal injury or dysfunction secondary to sepsis were explored from the aspect of both Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western medicine.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 566-572, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of exercise prescription on quality of life in patients with pituitary adenomas after surgery.Methods:A total of 82 patients with pituitary adenomas who met the inclusion criteria from December 2017 to September 2018 were enrolled. The control group received routine nursing care. The intervention group was given exercise prescription on the first day after surgery and 3 months after discharge from hospital. Both groups of patients completed the Health Status Survey(SF-36) before and after the intervention.Results:Before the intervention, there was no significant difference in baseline date of patients between two groups( P>0.05). After intervention, the general health dimension score (53.03±11.30) of the control group was significantly higher than the score within the group before treatment ( Z value was -4.398, P<0.05). The physiological function (86.67±7.46), physical function (66.67±29.28), role-emotional (71.30±22.75), vitality (68.33±8.78), general health dimension (61.39±10.66) of the intervention group were significant higher than the score within the group before treatment ( Z values were -4.809--2.041, P<0.05) . After the intervention, the significant difference were found in role-physical, general health, vitality, social function(77.18±15.71) and physiological health dimensions (73.75±10.00) between the intervention and control group ( Z values were -3.122- -2.467, t value was 3.044, P<0.05). After the intervention, non-function patients′ physiological function (72.06±23.19), general health (60.59±10.75), vitality (69.71±10.23) and social function (81.04±10.22) were significantly higher than the control group ( Z values were -2.832- -2.059, P<0.05). Conclusion:Exercise prescription can improve the quality of life in patients with pituitary adenomas after surgery.

7.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 824-828, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors of first endotracheal extubation failure and the related poor outcomes of extubation failure in intubated very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.Methods:The VLBW/ELBW infants intubated in the first 24 hours, and admitted from June 2016 to December 2017 in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of the Children′s Hospital of Fudan University were recruited in the study, and they were divided into 2 groups of the extubation-failure group and the extubation-success group based on whether being reintubated in 72 hours after the extubation.The clinical data of all children were collected, and risk factors and the short-term outcomes were compared between the 2 groups.Results:One hundred and twenty-six VLBW/ELBW infants including 25 extubation-failure infants and 101 extubation-success infants were recruited, the extubation fai-lure rate was 19.8%.Extubation-failure infants had lower gestational age and lower birth weight compared with those of extubation-success group [gestational age: (27.9±2.1) weeks vs.(28.9±1.6)weeks; birth weight: 990(847-1 200) g vs.1 170(1 060-1 350) g], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The multiple Logistic analysis demonstrated that lower gestational age was the independent risk factor of extubation failure( OR=0.92, 95% CI: 0.86-0.99, P<0.05). The outcome analysis showed that the combined outcomes of moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD) and death in the extubation-failure group were significantly higher than those in the extubation-success group ( OR=3.33, 95% CI: 1.28-8.63, P<0.05)after being adjusted by gestational age.The secondary outcomes of brain magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) abnormality rate in the extubation-failure group was significantly higher compared with the extubation-success group ( OR=3.93, 95% CI: 1.22-12.60, P<0.05), and the mechanical ventilation duration was significantly longer as well in the extubation-failure group compared with that in the extubation-success group[10.1 d (6.9 d, 20.9 d) vs.3.6 d(1.1 d, 8.6 d)], and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.05). The rest secondary outcomes were not significantly different between the 2 groups(all P>0.05). Conclusions:A high rate of extubation failure in VLBW/ELBW infants was a common issue, and the lower gestational age is the independent risk factor for extubation failure.Extubation failure potentially increases the risk of moderate-to-severe BPD or death in VLBW/ELBW infants.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 879-883, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800330

ABSTRACT

Sternotomy is a routine surgical pathway for heart, lung, and mediastinal surgery. Poststernotomy dehiscence is a common complication of sternotomy, in which infection after poststernotomy dehiscence is one of the most serious postoperative complications in cardiothoracic surgery. Previously, conventional dressing, negative pressure wound therapy, and skin stretching device were used in the treatment of poststernotomy dehiscence, but the outcome of each single method was poor, which caused great pain and burden to the patients and their families. In recent years, tissue flap containing rich blood supply has drawn a lot of attention because of its good wound cover, stable thoracic reconstruction, low infection recurrence rate, and less postoperative complication. In this paper, we reviewed the epidemiological characteristics of poststernotomy dehiscence, and summarized the various classifications for poststernotomy dehiscence and the therapeutic effects of different tissue flap repair. We hope that this review would provide a basis for further construction of the treatment system for poststernotomy dehiscence and the formation of a treatment guideline.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 534-539, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810711

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prognostic factors of hyperamylasemia following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) .@*Methods@#Clinical data of 359 patients were collected prospectively who underwent PD by the same group at Changhai Hospital of Navy Medical University from January 2017 to June 2018.There were 212 males and 147 females.The median age was 63 years old (range: 23 to 82 years old) .According to whether the patient′s serum amylase was greater than 120 U/L at 0 or 1 day after surgery,the patients were divided into hyperamylasemia group and non-hyperamylasemia group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis were used to find out the prognostic factors of hyperamylasemia after PD.@*Results@#Of the 359 patients, 238 cases (66.3%) developed hyperamylasemia.The incidence rate of clinically related pancreatic fistula (15.1% vs.2.5%, P<0.01) , grade B/C post pancreatectomy hemorrhage (8.8% vs. 2.5%, P<0.01) , and surgical site infection (9.2% vs. 3.3%, P=0.04) was significantly higher in the hyperamylasemia group.The severity of complications (CD grade≥Ⅲ: 11.3% vs.4.1%, P=0.023) and postoperative hospital stay (11 days vs. 9 days, P=0.001) were higher in the hyperamylasemia group.In the multivariate analysis, the main pancreatic duct diameter (MPD) ≤3 mm (OR=4.469, 95% CI: 2.563-7.793, P<0.01) , pathological type of disease (pancreatic cancer or pancreatitis) (OR=0.230, 95% CI: 0.122-0.436, P<0.01) and soft texture of pancreas (OR=3.297, 95%CI: 1.930-5.635, P<0.01) were independent prognostic factors for hyperamylasemia.@*Conclusions@#Post-PD hyperamylasemia increased the incidence and severity of postoperative complications after PD.MPD≤3 mm, soft texture of pancreas and pathological type of disease were independent prognostic factors of hyperamylasemia.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 703-710, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699187

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of pancreaticoduodenectomy using artery first approach and prior portal vein (PV)-superior mesenteric vein (SMV) shunting for complicated pancreatic head tumors.Methods The retrospective cohort study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 91 patients with pancreatic head cancer who were admitted to the Changhai Hospital of Navy Medical University from February 2011 to December 2016 were collected.Among 91 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with vascular resection and reconstruction,27 using artery first approach and PV-SMV shunting and reconstruction were allocated into the PD-PVR group,23 using conventional approach were allocated into the PD-CVR group,and 41 receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy with vascular resection were allocated into the PD-SVR group.Observation indicators:(1) comparison of intra-and post-operative situations among groups;(2) comparison of postoperative pathological results among groups;(3) comparison of postoperative survival among groups.Follow-up using outpatient examination and telephone interview was performed to detect postoperative survival up to December 2017.Comparisons among groups of count data were done by the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s,comparisons among groups were analyzed using the ANOVA,and pairwise comparison was done using the LSD method.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M(Q),comparison among groups was analyzed using the Kurskal-Wallis rank sum test,and pairwise comparison was done using the paired comparison with adjusted P value.Ordinal data were compared using the nonparametric test.The survival rate and curve were respectively calculated and drawn by the Kaplan-Meier method,and Log-rank test was used for survival analysis.Results (1) Comparison of intra-and post-operative situations among groups:operation time,time of hepatic inflow occlusion,volume of intraoperative blood loss,cases with intraoperative blood transfusion,length of PV or SMV removal,cases with vascular grafts,grading 1,2,3,4 and 5 of Clavien-Dindo classification of postoperative complications and duration of hospital stay were respectively (274±36)minutes,(22±7)minutes,1 661 mL (110 mL,3 800 mL),20,(5.6±1.4)cm,6,11,1,1,1,1,(20±7)days in the PD-PVR group and (281±41)minutes,(27±5)minutes,1 888 mL (176 mL,4 162 mL),18,(5.4±1.5) cm,3,1,8,2,0,0,(21±7)days in the PD-CVR group and (201± 36)minutes,(16±6)minutes,1052 mL (74 mL,3 926 mL),17,(3.2±2.0) cm,5,15,2,3,1,1,(13± 6)days in the PD-SVR group,with statistically significant differences among groups (F=37.060,34.530,x2=13.771,14.015,F=32.260,x2 =39.309,F =19.880,P<0.05).Patients with postoperative complications were improved by symptomatic and supporting treatment.(2) Comparison of postoperative pathological results among groups:mnaximum tumour dimension was respectively (3.6± 1.3) cm,(4.0± 1.3) cm and (2.6± 1.3) cm in the PD-PVR,PD-CVR and PD-SVR groups,with a statistically significant difference among groups (F =7.845,P<0.05).Cases with high-differentiated,moderate-differentiated and low-differentiated tumors of tumor differentiation,staging Ⅱ A and Ⅱ B of tumor staging,nerve invasion,positive lymph node,positive resection margins in neck of pancreas,bile duct and SMV were respectively 0,13,14,17,10,17,21,0,0,0 in the PD-PVR group and 1,12,10,10,13,15,19,1,0,0 in the PD-CVR group and 1,29,11,17,24,30,29,2,1,1 in the PD-SVR group,with no statistically significant difference among groups (x2 =4.122,3.306,0.902,1.214,P>0.05).(3) Comparisons of postoperative survival among groups:of 91 patients,52 were followed up for 3.0-69.3 months,with a median time of 18.0 months and follow-up rate of 57.1% (52/91),including 16 in the PD-PVR group and 14 in the PD-CVR group and 22 in the PD-SVR group.The median survival time,1-,2-and 3-year overall survival rates in 52 patients were respectively 16.6 months,63.5%,35.7% and 26.8%.The survival time in the PD-PVR,PD-CVR and PD-SVR groups were respectively 12.3 months (3.9-69.3 months),15.0 months (3.0-63.3 months) and 20.0 months (6.0-65.2 months),with a statistically significant difference in survival among groups (x2=6.201,P<0.05),and between PD-PVR and PD-SVR groups (x2 =4.412,P<0.05).There was no statistically significant difference in survival between PD-PVR and PD-CVR groups (x2 =0.001,P>0.05).Conclusion Pancreaticoduodenectomy using artery first approach and PV-SMV shunting and reconstruction for complicated pancreatic head tumors can reduce the time of hepatic inflow occlusion,it also contributes to the risk control of surgery for complicated pancreatic tumors,increases surgical safety and improves patients' prognosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 18-23, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808014

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of human amniotic epithelial stem cells-derived exosomes on healing of wound with full-thickness skin defect in rats.@*Methods@#(1) Human amniotic epithelial stem cells were isolated from the amnion tissue of 5 full-term pregnant women in Department of Obstetrics of our hospital by the method of trypsin digestion, and their morphology was observed. The third passage of cells were stained with rhodamine-phalloidin for cytoskeleton observation. The third passage of cells were identified with flow cytometry through the detection of expressions of cell surface markers CD29, CD31, CD34, CD90, CD105, SSEA3, SSEA4 and immunity-related marker human leukocyte antigen-D related site (HLA-DR). The third passage of cells were also assessed the ability of adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation. (2) The third passage of human amniotic epithelial stem cells were cultured in DMEM medium supplemented with 10% exosome-free fetal bovine serum. Exosomes were isolated from culture supernatant by the method of ultracentrifugation and represented with scanning electron microscope for morphologic observation. (3) Six adult SD rats were anesthetized, and four 1 cm×1 cm sized wounds with full-thickness skin defect were made on the back of each rat. The wounds on the back of each rat were divided into control group, 25 μg/mL exosomes group, 50 μg/mL exosomes group, and 100 μg/mL exosomes group according to the random number table (with 6 wounds in each group), and a total volume of 100 μL phosphate buffered saline, 25 μg/mL exosomes, 50 μg/mL exosomes, and 100 μg/mL exosomes were evenly injected around the wound through multiple subcutaneous sites, respectively. The wound healing rate was calculated based on measurement on post injury day (PID) 7, 14, and 21. On PID 21, the healed wound tissue of each group was collected and stained with HE to observe and count skin accessories, and the arrangement of collagen fibers was observed with Masson staining. Data were processed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, analysis of variance of randomized block design, one-way analysis of variance, and Bonferroni test.@*Results@#(1) The cells, which were isolated and cultured, displayed typical cobblestone morphology with many microvilli on cell surface. Among the cells, the positive expression rates of CD29, CD90, SSEA3, and SSEA4 were above 50.0%, and the rate of CD105 was 8.0%, while the rates of CD31, CD34, and HLA-DR were almost 0. The cells could differentiate into adipocytes and osteoblasts. The above results revealed that the cells cultured were human amniotic epithelial stem cells. (2) Human amniotic epithelial stem cells-derived exosomes were round or oval vesicles with diameter from 50 to 150 nm. (3) On PID 7 and 21, wound healing rates of the four groups were close (with P values above 0.05). On PID 14, wound healing rates of 50 and 100 μg/mL exosomes groups were (89.8±4.3)% and (92.0±4.6)% respectively, significantly higher than the wound healing rate of control group [(80.3±6.4)%, P<0.05 or P<0.01]. Moreover, the wound healing rate of 100 μg/mL exosomes group was significantly higher than that of 25 μg/mL exosomes group [(83.3±5.1)%, P<0.05]. On PID 21, the numbers of skin accessories in 50 and 100 μg/mL exosomes groups were 4.3±1.4 and 5.1±1.6 respectively, obviously more than those of control group and 25 μg/mL exosomes group (respectively 1.4±0.5 and 1.8±0.6, with P values below 0.01). Well reorganized collagen fibers were observed just in the healed wound tissue of 50 and 100 μg/mL exosomes groups.@*Conclusions@#Human amniotic epithelial stem cells-derived exosomes can promote healing of wound with full-thickness skin defect in rats.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 63-68, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505392

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the three-dimensional morphological characteristics of tibial plateau based on CT image post-processing technique and analyze its significance in preoperative planning of tibial plateau fractures.Methods Multi-slice spiral CT data of 98 humans (56 males and 42 females) with normal tibial plateau and 30 patients (15 males and 15 females) with tibial plateau fractures were extracted.Morphological measurements of the tibial plateau were achieved by means of a three-dimensional measurement method based on points,lines and surfaces.Differences in threedimensional parameters between genders in normal tibial plateau and differences between normal tibial plateau and tibial plateau fractures were analyzed.Results Differences of males and females were significant in width of tibial plateau [(73.2 ± 3.7) mm,(65.5 ± 3.7) mm],anteroposterior dimension of medial tibial plateau [(39.8 ± 3.5) mm,(34.8 ± 2.6) mm] and anteroposterior dimension of lateral tibial plateau [(34.0 ± 3.3) mm,(29.8 ± 3 5) mm] (P < 0.05),but not in varus inclination of tibial plateau [(3.19 ± 1.98) °,(3.16 ± 1.89) °],medial plateau posterior slope [(7.31 ± 3.04) °,(8.16 ± 2.46)°] and lateral plateau posterior slope [(5.23 ±2.35)°,(5.60 ±2.55)°] (P >0.05).Above parameters in three-dimensional morphological measurements of tibibial plateau fractures varied compared to the normal reference value (P < 0.05).Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for intra-observe and inter-observer agreement in normal tibial plateau measurement was excellent.Conclusions Present research provides a series of scientific and objective data for preoperative planning of tibial plateau fractures.Measurements of tibial plateau can assist the evaluation of reduction of tibial plateau fractures.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1061-1068, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611161

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the curative effect of computer assisted pre-operation plan (CAPP) in treating the geriatric intertrochanteric femoral fracture.Methods The data of intertrochanteric fractures treated with PFNA-Ⅱ between March 2012 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.They were divided into two groups by preoperative design.One group was the CAPP group consisting of 53 patients with a mean age of 75.3 years (range,60-92 years).According to the Evans Classification,there were 12 Evans type Ⅰb,9 Evans type Ⅰc,15 Evans type Ⅰd and 17 Evans type Ⅱ fractures.The other group was the non-CAPP group consisting of 74 patients with a mean age of 76.6 years (range,62-95 years).There were 18 Evans type Ⅰb,15 Evans type Ⅰc,20 Evans type Ⅰd and 21 Evans type Ⅱ fractures.Operation time,intraoperative blood loss,times of fluoroscopy during operation and days of hospital stay were compared.The hip joint function was evaluated by Harris score at the final follow-up.Results The CAPP meanly cost 24.7 min.The consistency of the surgery and CAPP was up to 100%.In the CAPP group,the average operation time was 46.8±6.5 min;the average times of fluoroscopy during operation were 12.0±2.3 times;and the average blood loss was 154.4±27.6 ml.In the non-CAPP group,the average operation time was 57.8±10.3 min;the average times of fluoroscopy during operation was 20.9±3.2;and the average blood loss was 235.0±65.8 ml.All above data in the CAPP group were significantly lower than those in the non-CAPP group.The mean days of hospital stay were 13.9±1.3 days in the CAPP group and 14.3±1.4 days in non-CAPP group.The days of hospital stay had no significant difference between the two groups.Forty-five patients with an average follow-up period of 18.3 months were reviewed in the CAPP group.Fifty patients were followed up with an average period of 19.2 months in the non-CAPP group.At the final follow-up,the average Harris score was 88.6±2.8 points (range,84-96 points) in the CAPP group and 87.5±3.2 points (range,80-95 points) in the non-CAPP group.Conclusion CAPP system is convenient and efficient.It can facilitate the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture effectively.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 650-652,655, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610066

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the operational experience and explore the best surgery strategy in cicatricial alopecia.Methods Clinical date of 80 cases of cicatricial alopecia during January 2012 to December 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.The operation methods and related adverse events were recorded.Patients were followed-up on the postoperative 1 week,1 month,3 months,6 months and 1-2 years.The outcomes were evaluated by a 4-levels questionnaire:very satisfied,satisfied,not satisfied,and no effect.Results Forty cases were operated with expanded skin flap + Follicular unit extraction (FUE) transplantation,10 cases with scar resection + FUE repair,and 30 cases only with FUE.Twenty cases were completed treatment with single-stage surgical operation,and 60 cases with two-stage surgical operation.A percentage (70%) of patients was very satisfied and 30% were satisfied after one-stage surgical operation.A percentage (85%) of patients was very satisfied and 15% were satisfied after two-stage surgical operation.Conclusions The cicatricial alopecia needs comprehensive surgical treatment.FUE is a best additional operation technology.The effect of combined treatment is better than single therapy method in large area cicatricial alopecia.

15.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3349-3356, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492658

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:It has been proved that miR-34a plays an inhibitory role in the growth of lung cancer stem cels, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE:To explore the inhibitory effect of miR-34a on lung cancer stem celsand the underlying mechanism. METHODS:The CD133+lung cancer stem cels were separated from lung cancer A549 cel lines using magnetic activated cel sorting method. And miR-34a-overexpressing CD133+lung cancer stem cels were established by liposome transfection technology. Besides,the targeted relationship between miR-34a and Notch1 was analyzed by the dual-luciferase reporter. Afterwards, Notch1 silencing was performed by gene knockout, and its effect on lung cancer stem cels was determined. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:After sorted and detected by immunomagetic selection and flow cytometry assay respectively, a high rate of CD133+lung cancer stem cel was obtained. And qRT-PCR detected that the expression level of miR-34a in CD133+lung cancer stem cels was significantly lower than that in CD133-lung cancer stem cels. Moreover, miR-34a-overexpressing CD133+lung cancer stem cels were successfuly constructedandmiR-34a significantly inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of lung cancer stemcels. Dual-luciferase reporter assay indicated that Notch1 mRNA was a target of miR-34a. In addition, Notch1 silencing obviously inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of lung cancer stem cels. These findings suggest that miR-34a can inhibite lungcancer stem celsviathe Notch1 signaling pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 203-208, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489184

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide references for anatomical reduction and correct implantation in treatment of distal fibular fracture by analyzing morphological characteristics of distal fibula on three-dimensional (3D) modes.Methods 16-row spiral CT scans of 126 normal ankle structures from May 2009 to June 2014 were collected.Surface shaded display technique was used to reconstruct 3-D images of bones around the ankle.The distal fibula was extracted using 3D segmentation technique.The parameters of distal fibula were measured by selecting points,lines and surfaces on the 3D models.Results The morphological characteristics of distal fibula were complicated.Significant differences were observed between males and females in most parameters (P < 0.05),but not in the length between the plane of the most lateral point of the tibial anterior node and the most distal point of the fibula,the length between the midpoint of lateral border of the fibula and its opposite cortex on the plane of the most proximal border of the fibular fossa or the mean angle of posterior crest of the fibula (P > 0.05).The intra and interclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were excellent.Conclusions When a lateral plate is used for internal fixation of distal fibula,the plate should be placed as proximally as possible.When a posterior-lateral plate is used,the screws to be inserted on the plane proximal to the initial point of anterior node of the tibia can be fixed bi-cortically.When a posterior plate is used,pre-contour of the plate before insertion is required.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2445-2450, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241648

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is one of the most popular pathogens that cause refractory respiratory tract infection. The genetic environment, including insertion sequences and the types of promoter, plays a key role in exploration of the mechanism of prevalence and dismission of the ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates. The aim of the investigation was to target analysis the genetic environment and promoter sequences of blaCTX-M, blaSHV and blaTEM, the most popular β-lactamase genes harbored by ESBL-producing K. pneumoniae isolates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2010 to July 2011, 158 of 416 K. pneumoniae isolates producing ESBL from patients with lower respiratory tract infection were collected from seven tertiary hospitals from Beijing, Anhui, Fujian, Liaoning, Hebei and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in China. The genetic environment including promoters of 10 types of blaCTX-M, 18 types of blaSHV and 2 types of blaTEM were analyzed by amplification and direct sequencing with various sets of PCR primers.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ISEcp1 was located upstream of the 5' end of the blaCTX-M gene in 130 (97.0%) out of 134 K. pneumoniae isolates harboring blaCTX-M and provided a conserved promoter to blaCTX-M. A non-coding sequence preceded by kdpC and recF was identified in all of the blaSHV genes except blaSHV-12 and blaSHV-2a. IS26 was also found upstream of 1 blaCTX-M-15, 10 blaSHV-1 strains, 4 blaTEM-1 and all of the blaSHV-2, blaSHV-2a, blaSHV-5 and blaSHV-12. Eighty-seven of 91 strains harboring blaTEM-1 carried a copy of Tn2 and IS26-blaTEM-1 fragments were also detected in 4 strains. With respect to K. pneumoniae, the genetic environment of blaCTX-M-38, blaSHV-142 and blaTEM-135 were firstly elaborated, and four kinds of novel genetic environment of blaCTX-M-3, blaCTX-M-15 and blaTEM-1 have been detected as well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Perfective implementation of the genetic environment information of bgr;-lactamase gene needs to be further explored and supplemented. ISEcp1 and IS26 elements are widespread upstream of the blaCTX-M, blaSHV and blaTEM genes and contribute to horizontal transmission and genetic expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , China , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Genetics , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , beta-Lactamases , Genetics , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 89-92, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443009

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of minute ventilation recovery time (VERT) as a weaning predictor in mechanically ventilated patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods A prospective study was performed from March 2008 to July 2012.Fifty-two COPD patients under mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours in our RICU tolerated a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) and were ready for planned extubation.After SBT,these patients were placed back on their pre-SBT ventilator settings for up to 25 minutes,during which VERT was obtained.VERT was defined as the time for minute ventilation to return to baseline measured before SBT.Respiratory rate,tidal volume,minute ventilation and respiratory rate/tidal volume ratio were also obtained before SBT and just after SBT.Arterial blood gas data were measured and recorded before weaning.According to the weaning outcome,the patients were classified as successful group (40 cases) or failed group (12 cases).VERT and other quantitative variables were compared using t test.A multiple logistic regression was performed to explore possible factors associated with the weaning outcome.The sensitivity and specificity of VERT for predictive capacity in weaning were assessed using ROC cure.Results VERT and respiratory rate after SBT were significantly different between two groups.Multiple logistic regression revealed that VERT was the only predictor associated with weaning outcome (b =0.282,P <0.001).The area under ROC curve for VERT was 0.957 (95% CI:O.907-1.008).With a cut-off value of 10.5 minutes,the sensitivity and specificity of VERT for predicting weaning failure were 1.0 and 0.85,respectively.Conclusions VERT may be a new predictor for extubation and determination of mechanical ventilation weaning in patients with COPD.VERT is a variable to be easily measured thereby being conveniently used in clinical practice.

19.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 616-618, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475640

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of myocardial enzyme on diagnosis of cardiac insufficiency in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Methods Fifty patients with SAP were classified as cardiac insufficiency group (n=14) and non-cardiac insufficiency group (n=36). The serum biochemical markers, such as cardiac troponin I (cTnI), myoglobin (MYO), creatine kinase, MB form (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were examined in two groups. ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for cardiac insuffi-ciency using myocardial enzyme. The APACHEⅡscore was also calculated. The relationship between myocardial enzyme and APACHEⅡscore was analyzed in two groups. Results The levels of cTnI, LDH and AST were significantly increased in cardiac insufficiency group than those in non-cardiac insufficiency group (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in MYO and CK-MB between two groups of patients. The area under ROC curve for cTnI was 0.940, with a cut-off value of 0.07μg/L. The sensitivity and specificity of cTnI for diagnosing cardiac insufficiency in patients with SAP were 0.857 and 1.000, respectively. The area under ROC curve for LDH and AST was more than 0.7, with the low sensitivity for LDH (0.571) and the specificity for AST (0.778). The area under ROC curve for MYO and CK-MB was less than 0.7. APACHEⅡscore was positively correlated with cTnI, CK-MB and LDH (r= 0.639, 0.451 and 0.552,respectively, P<0.05). Conclusion The serum cTnI level can be used as the index for the diagnosis of cardiac insufficiency in patients with SAP, and can prefer-ably reflect the severity of SAP.

20.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 719-722, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417380

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the outcomes of donation after cardiac death (DCD) compared with donation after brain death (DBD) liver transplantatior.Methods The MELDINE (1950-2011),EMBASE,and Cochrane Library databases were searched.All original single institution studies reporting outcomes of comparing donation after DCD and DBD liver transplantation were considered.A meta-analysis of complication incidence and patients/grafts survival after liver transplantation was conducted.Odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) based on random effects models were calculated.Results Thirteen studies,all retrospective cohort studies,involving 5867 DCD and 619 DBD recipients,were included.DCD recipients had a 2.5 times increased odds of biliary complications (95 % CI =2.0~3.12),an 11.24 times increased odds of ischemic cholangiopathy (IC) (95 % CI =5.58 ~ 22.64 ),and a 2.12 times increased odds of primary nonfunction (PNF).DCD recipients also experienced lower odds of 1-year patient survival (OR =0.78,95 % CI=0.59~1.02),83.8 %,87.2 %,separately,and 1-year graft survival (OR=0.55,95% CI=0.45~0.68),72.2 % and 82.4 %,separately.Three-year patient survival was present in 81.5 % of DCD vs 78.9 % of DBD,which has no significant difference.The 3-year graft survival was lower inDCD than that in DBD (OR =0.73,95 % CI =0.56~0.94),69.5 % and 73.6%,separately.Conclusion DCD liver transplantation is associated with higher risks of biliary complications.But regarding the comparable general outcomes with DBD transplantation,DCD could be a source of liver.

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