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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 114-123, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005260

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study whether Chaihu Longgu Mulitang can inhibit hypothalamic inflammation, mitigate anxiety-like behavior, and alleviate anxiety symptoms by regulating the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase/nuclear factor-κB (p38 MAPK/NF-κB) signaling pathway in the rat model of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). MethodTwelve out of 74 Wistar rats were randomly selected as the blank group, and the remaining rats were subjected to chronic restraint stress for the modeling of GAD. The open field test (OFT) and elevated Porteus maze test (PMT) were conducted 14 days after modeling to detect the anxiety-like behaviors. Sixty successfully modeled rats were selected and randomized into model, low-, medium-, and high-dose (6, 12, and 24 g·kg-1, respectively) Chaihu Longgu Mulitang, and diazepam (1 mg·kg-1) groups (n=12) and administrated with corresponding drugs for 14 consecutive days. OFT and PMT were then carried out to examine the anxiety-like behaviors of the rats. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the hypothalamus and serum of rats were determined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR)was conducted to determine the mRNA levels of p38 MAPK, NF-κB p65, nuclear factor κB inhibitor α (IκBα), and ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba-1). The protein levels of p38 MAPK, phosphorylated (p)-p38 MAPK, NF-κB p65, p-NF-κB p65, and IκBα in the hypothalamus of rats were determined by Western blot. The expression of Iba-1 in the hypothalamic microglia was detected by immunofluorescence assay. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group had decreased body weight, scattered dark yellow fur, increased irritability, and preference to hibernation in the corner. In addition, the modeled rats showed increased edge movement distance and time in OFT (P<0.01) and decreased movement distance and time and the number of entries in the open arm in PMT (P<0.01). The modeling increased the fluorescence intensity of Iba-1 in paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus (P<0.01), elevated the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the serum and hypothalamus (P<0.01), up-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of p38 MAPK, NF-κB p65, p-p38 MAPK, p-NF-κB p65, and Iba-1 (P<0.05, P<0.01), and down-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of IκBα (P<0.01) in the hypothalamus. Compared with the model group, medium- and high-dose Chaihu Longgu Mulitang and diazepam increased the body weight, improved the fur and behaviors, decreased the edge movement distance and time in OFT (P<0.05, P<0.01), and increased the movement distance and time in the open arm in PMT (P<0.05, P<0.01). Furthermore, they decreased the fluorescence intensity of Iba-1 in hypothalamic microglia (P<0.05, P<0.01), lowered the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α in the serum and hypothalamic tissue (P<0.05, P<0.01), down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of p38 MAPK, NF-κB p65, p-p38 MAPK, p-NF-κB p65, and Iba-1 (P<0.05, P<0.01), and up-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of IκBα (P<0.05, P<0.01) in the hypothalamus. ConclusionChaihu Longgu Mulitang can mitigate anxiety-like behaviors and relieve anxiety in GAD rats by inhibiting the p38 MAPK/NF-κB signaling pathway and reducing the activation of microglia and the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the hypothalamus.

2.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 49-52, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798822

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical effect of diced cartilage in correcting nasal alar base depression after cleft lip surgery.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted in 15 patients of nasal deformity after lip surgery from January 2018 to January 2019. All the patients were taken from autologous costal cartilage to reconstruct the outline of nasal malformation, and the remaining autologous costal cartilage was cut into 0.5-1.0 mm pieces and filled into the basilar lacunar space of the nasal alar by the 1 ml syringe whose anterior needle nipples was removed. The effects of visual images before and after operation were compared and analyzed by Adobe Photoshop CS6 software. The patients were followed up for 6-15 months (mean 10months). The satisfaction and complications of the patients were investigated.@*Results@#The nasal alar base was significantly elevated and the outline of the nasal deformity was improved in 15 patients after operation. The overall effect was satisfactory and no obvious complications were found. No obvious absorption was found in the follow-up.@*Conclusions@#The application of diced cartilage to correct the nasal alar base depression after cleft lip surgery was a feasible method with important clinical value. It advanced in taking good use of the remaining cartilage and reducing the damage to both the donor and recipient area.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 901-905, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791284

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate a self-designed novel anatomical bone plate for fractures of ulnar coronoid process in cadaveric specimens.Methods Our database search in the Imaging Center,Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (Qingdao) yielded CT reconstruction images of 45 normal adult elbows (26 males and 19 females) which met our criteria.On the 3D reformatted CT images,sagittal curvature angle of the ulnar coronal process (△ 1),tangent angle of the coronal process apex to olecranon fossa (△2),projective length (L) and projective height (H) were measured;the transverse width of the coronal process was also measured at 5 mm and 10 mm from the tip (K1 and K2).The minimum value was used for △2° in order to avoid cutting into the joint while the mean value for other parameters.After the shape of the plate and angles of the screws were designed using computer 3D software,a new anatomic plate for coronal process was produced.Five cadaver specimens were used to test the internal fixation of the coronal process with our novel anatomic bone plate.Attachment of the bone plate to the coronal process and screw penetration into the joint cavity were observed by X-ray and 3D CT scanning.Results △ 1 was 45.52° ± 6.07°,△ 2 65.25° ± 7.09° (the minimum value53.2°),L52.27±7.78 mm,H21.62±2.63 mm,K1 16.32±2.22 mmand K2 14.58 ± 2.18 mm.Our new anatomic bone plate was designed based on the above data.X-ray and 3D CT scan after plate internal fixation showed that our self-designed bone plate produced fine attachment and no screws penetrated into the joint.Conclusion Our new anatomical bone plate may perfectly fit the anatomy of the adult ulnar coronal process in size and shape so that the coronary process can be fully covered and no screws will penetrate into the joint cavity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 901-905, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796396

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate a self-designed novel anatomical bone plate for fractures of ulnar coronoid process in cadaveric specimens.@*Methods@#Our database search in the Imaging Center, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University (Qingdao) yielded CT reconstruction images of 45 normal adult elbows (26 males and 19 females) which met our criteria. On the 3D reformatted CT images, sagittal curvature angle of the ulnar coronal process (△1), tangent angle of the coronal process apex to olecranon fossa (△2), projective length (L) and projective height (H) were measured; the transverse width of the coronal process was also measured at 5 mm and 10 mm from the tip (K1 and K2). The minimum value was used for △2° in order to avoid cutting into the joint while the mean value for other parameters. After the shape of the plate and angles of the screws were designed using computer 3D software, a new anatomic plate for coronal process was produced. Five cadaver specimens were used to test the internal fixation of the coronal process with our novel anatomic bone plate. Attachment of the bone plate to the coronal process and screw penetration into the joint cavity were observed by X-ray and 3D CT scanning.@*Results@#△1 was 45.52°±6.07°, △2 65.25°±7.09° (the minimum value 53.2°), L 52.27±7.78 mm, H 21.62±2.63 mm, K1 16.32±2.22 mm and K2 14.58±2.18 mm. Our new anatomic bone plate was designed based on the above data. X-ray and 3D CT scan after plate internal fixation showed that our self-designed bone plate produced fine attachment and no screws penetrated into the joint.@*Conclusion@#Our new anatomical bone plate may perfectly fit the anatomy of the adult ulnar coronal process in size and shape so that the coronary process can be fully covered and no screws will penetrate into the joint cavity.

5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 183-188, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809848

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore a standard procedure for the treatment of combined dorsal and palmar internal fixation for complex four part distal radius fractures and assess its clinical results.@*Methods@#From May 2009 to October 2016, 38 patients(39 sides)who suffered from complex four part distal radius fractures were performed operatively with open reduction and internal fixation via combined dorsal and palmar approach in Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University(Qingdao). The series included 22 males(22 sides) and 16 females(17 sides). Age of the patients was 53.5 years ranging from 25 to 79 years.According to Melone classification, there were 34 sides of type of Ⅳ, 5 of type Ⅴ.According to Frykman classification, there were 15 sides of type Ⅶ, 24 sides of type Ⅷ, and all the cases were type C3 according to AO/OTA classification.Preoperatively, the key articular fragments in four part distal radius fractures were identified and the individual fracture patterns from conventional X-ray and CT-scan were analyzed. All the patients were performed combined volar and dorsal fixation.Firstly, a palmar approach which gave access to and fix the palmar-ulnar fragment and the radial styloid fragment was performed.Then a limited dorsal approach across the third extensor compartment which gave access to the dorso-ulnar fragment and a limited dorsal arthrotomy to visualize the radiocarpal joint when necessary were performed.Through dorsal approach, we can address the dorso-ulnar fragment, free intra-articular fragment and direct visualize the joint.Use of a retinacular flap was routinely advocated to help prevent against tendon irritation and rupture.The follow-up control included conventional X-ray, range of motion(ROM), grip strength, and the disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand index(DASH), as well as the patient-rated wrist evaluation(PRWE) score for functional outcome at 6 and 12 months.@*Results@#Thirty-three patients(34 sides) were followed up for at least 12 months.The would healed well in all cases 2 weeks postoperatively, and no soft tissue infections, necrosis or neurovascular complications occurred.All the fractures of 38 cases(39 sides)healed averaged 3.6 months(ranging from 2.5-5.7 months), and no loss of reduction occurred postoperatively.Anatomic reconstruction with a step or gap of <1 mm was achieved in 37 cases(38 sides), Whereas 5 patients were lost to follow-up at 12 months postoperatively.ROM and grip strength were all recovered to over 85% of the unaffected side(exception of the bilateral patient). Median DASH-index and PRWE were 6.5(0-17) and 9.3(0-20)respectively.@*Conclusion@#Combined volar and dorsal approaches allow achieving anatomic reconstruction in complex four part intra-articular distal radius fractures and reveal good functional outcomes at intermediate follow-up.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 721-727, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619936

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of carpal shoot through view in the palmar plating of distal radius fractures.Methods From March 2015 to May 2016,there were 62 acute distal radius fractures received various operation in our department,in which 48 patients were only performed volar locked plating.Among these 48 cases,there were 21 males and 27 females,with ages ranging from 17 to 75 years (mean 43.6±10.6 years).There were 15 cases of type A,11 cases of type B and 22 cases of type C distal radial fractures according to AO/OTA classification.All the operations were performed through modified Henry's approach between the radial artery and flexor carpi radialis.Once achieved satisfactory reduction,we performed rigid fixation of distal radius using anatomical locking plates.In all cases,bicortical drilling was performed.Screw lengths selected measured 1 to 2 mm less than the depth gauge number avoiding dorsal cortex penetration.After plate fixation of these 48 cases,standard posteroanterior and lateral radiographs were taken followed by the carpal shoot through view.To obtain carpal shoot through view,the patient's forearm was maximally supinated,the elbow flexed about 60°-70°and the wrist maximally dorsiflexed.The image intensifier beam is directed over the base of the thenar eminence.Compare the ratio of dorsal protrusion between standard view and carpal shoot through view,then statistical analysis was performed.After operation,CT scan was routinely taken to further test the effectiveness of carpal shoot through view.Results Five cases were detected dorsal cortex screw protrusion using standard posteroanterior and lateral views (10.4%,5/48).There were totally 16 cases (including the former 5 cases) of dorsal screw penetration uncovered by the carpal shoot through view(33.3%,16/48.Statistically significant difference was existed between the two fluoroscopy methods.Additionally,in 2 cases,a screw had penetrated the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ),which was only apparent on the shoot through view.All the improper screws were exchanged and again were verified by the carpal shoot through view.The overall screw exchange rate was 37.5% (18/48).Conclusion Compared with standard AP and lateral fluoroscopy,the carpal shoot through view can reliably reveals dorsal screw penetration.Meanwhile,it provides excellent visualization of DRUJ.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 840-845, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667778

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the fixation sequence,key points and clinical value of a new minimally invasive surgery for one-stage treatment of femoral and ipsilateral tibial plateau fractures with a rapid reductor.Methods From October 2015 to January 2017,5 patients with femoral and ipsilateral tibial plateau fractures received surgery at our department.They were 4 men and one woman,aged from 23 to 65 years (mean,45.5 years).The femoral fractures were type A in 2 cases,type B in 2 cases and type C in one case according to AO/OTA classification.The tibial plateau fractures were type Ⅴ in 2 cases and type Ⅵ in 3 according to Schatzker classification.After the tibial plateau fractures were first fixated,Kirschner wires were inserted via the femoral condyle and distal tibia.A rapid reductor was used to reduce the tibial plateau and dual plates were implanted by percutaneous minimally invasive internal fixation.Then the same set of rapid reductor was used to treat femoral fractures by antegrade femoral nailing.The bone traction was completed via the femoral condyle and anterior superior iliac spine.The operative time,bone union time,knee functional recovery and hospital stay were recorded.Results The 5 patients were followed up for an average of 10 months (from 7 to 17 months).No delayed union,nonunion or malunion happened of either femoral or tibial plateau fractures.The healing time for femoral fractures ranged from 4 to 8 months,averaging 5.5 months;the union time for tibial plateau fractures ranged from 10 to 14 weeks,averaging 12.0 weeks.The knee flexion averaged 110° (from 95° to 130°).The overall functional recovery was rated as excellent in 2 cases and good in 3 according to the Karlstr(o)m & Olerud criteria.The average hospital stay was 18 days(from 13 to 32 days).Conclusion Minimally invasive surgery with a rapid reductor can treat femoral and ipsilateral tibial plateau fractures at one stage,leading to fine functional recovery of the knee and greatly reduced hospital stay in particular.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 854-860, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667775

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare traditional open reduction and internal fixation versus minimally invasive reduction by a rapid redactor and percutaneous plate fixation for tibial plateau fractures.Methods From October 2015 to January 2017,we treated 40 patients with tibial plateau fracture.They were 27 males and 13 females,aged from 17 to 73 years.There were 15 cases of type [[,2 of type Ⅲ,6 of type Ⅳ,10 of type Ⅴ and 7 of type Ⅵ according to the Schatzker classification.Of them,20 were treated by traditional open reduction and internal fixation and the other 20 by minimally invasive reduction by a rapid redactor and percutaneous plate fixation.The 2 groups were compared in terms of operating time,intraoperative blood loss,incision complications,and Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score of the knee joint at final follow-ups.Results The 2 groups were compatible because there were no significant differences in all the preoperative demographic data but the interval from injury to surgery (P > 0.05).The 40 patients were followed up for an average of 9.3 months(from 3.5 to 14.5 months).There were significant differences in operating time (103.2 ±35.1 minversus 110.9 ±42.3 min),intraoperative blood loss (157.5 ± 90.7 mL versus 235.0 ± 137.6 mL),active mobility time after operation (9.5 ± 4.0 d versus 12.2 ± 5.6 d),bony union time (14.5 ± 2.7 w versus 15.4 ± 2.9 w),hospital stay (12.1 ± 3.1 d versus 14.6 ± 3.4 d),knee flexion range (125.4° ± 28.3° versus 115.3° ± 21.5°),knee extention range (12.7°±1.4° versus 9.7°±1.5°) and HSS knee score (87.8±7.0 versus 83.1±8.5) (P <0.05),favoring the group of minimally invasive reduction.There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the rate of complications[15% (3/20) versus 10% (2/20)] (P > 0.05).Conclusions Compared with traditional open reduction and internal fixation,minimally invasive reduction by a rapid reductor and percutaneous plate fixation is a better option for tibial plateau fractures,due to its advantages of decreased operating time and hospital stay,less trauma and hemorrhage,fewer complications and more rapid functional recovery of the knee.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 42-46, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466947

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution of vancomycin-resistant genes and virulence genes in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) isolates from intensive care unit (ICU).Methods A total of 180 anal swabs were collected from patients in ICU in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital during September 2012 and May 2013.VRE strains were screened by ChromID agar method.Vitek 2 Compact system was used in drug sensitivity test,and the sensitivities to vancomycin and teicoplanin were further determined using Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method.Vancomycin resistant genes vanA,vanB,vanC1 and virulence genes esp,hyl were detected by polymerase chain reaction(PCR).Results Nineteen strains of vancomycin resistant Enterococcusfaecium were isolated from 180 anal swabs.All 19 VRE isolates were resistant to both vancomycin and teicoplanin,while they were susceptible to linezolid and tigecycline.All VRE isolates carried vanA and esp genes,and hyl gene was positive in 10 isolates.Conclusions VRE isolates from ICU are highly resistant to commonly used antibacterial agents,and most isolates carry vancomycin-resistant genes and virulence genes.Linezolid and tigecycline may be recommended for VRE infection in ICU.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12)2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-582786

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the clinical application of Dynamic Condylar Screw(DCS) in treatment of 15 cases of distal femoral fractures. Methods All cases of the distal femoral fractures were treated with DCS, and given different fixation according to different types of the fracture,and CPM was used after operation. Results All patients were followed up for a period from 6 months to 12 months.The excellent and good rate of functional recovery was 86.7%. Conclusions DCS is a good method to treat distal femoral fractures.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6)1995.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-551432

ABSTRACT

Based on LPL model and clinical data collected, the correlation of ?/? factor with tissue volume irradiated has been derived. The data calculated by the new formula are coincidental with the results of clinical and animal experiments.

12.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-681360

ABSTRACT

Object To establish a calli culture system for the rapid propagation of Speiraea japonica L. f.. Methods Callus and shoot induction were carried out on MS, 6, 7 V or B 5 media with different parts of the plant such as stem tip, tender leaves and petiole as explants. Results A calli culture system was established for the rapid propagation of S. japonica. Conclusion MS cultural medium was found to be most suitable for calli induction. MS with 2.0 mg/L 2,4 D+0.3 mg/L KT can induce calli when the explants were used for the induction, with stem tips being the most satisfactory explant. Clusters of seedlings can be induced on MS+2 mg/L BA+0.1 mg/L NAA and when these seedlings were transferred to 1/2 MS +0.25 mg/L BA+0.5 mg/L NAA medium, root were developed to give young seedlings.

13.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24)1994.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570200

ABSTRACT

Object To study the chemical constituents of whole plant of Callicarpa pedunculata R Brown Methods Various chromatographic techniques were employed for isolation and purification of its constituents; and their structures were identified by spectral analysis (IR, MS, 1HNMR, 13 CNMR) and chemical evidences Results Ten compounds were obtained from the chloroform extract of the whole plant Among them four were diterpenoids which were identified as: 14 ?-hydroxy-7, 15-isopimaradien-18-oic acid (Ⅰ), 16 ?, 17-dihydroxy-3-oxo-phyllocladanetriol (Ⅱ), 8, 11, 13, 15-abietetraen-18-oic acid (Ⅲ), and 6 ?-hydroxy nidorellol (Ⅳ); 2 flavonoids: 5-hydroxy-3, 4′, 7-trimethoxy-flavone (Ⅴ), and 3, 5-dimethyl kaempherol (Ⅵ); and the others were ursolic acid (Ⅶ), myoinositol (Ⅷ), ?-sitosterol (Ⅸ), and ?-amyrin (Ⅹ) Conclusion Compounds Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ were found in this plant for the first time and it was of interest to note that they were of different diterpenoid skeletons The content of ursolic acid attained to a high level up to 1%, which may be exploited as a natural resource for medical purposes

14.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12)1986.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-524054

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the antipyretic mechanism of Naoreqing (NRQ) oral liquid, a Chinese medicine. METHODS: ① Fever models of rabbits were established by intravenous. injection of endogenous pyrogen (EP). ② The antipyretic action of NRQ were observed. ③ cAMP contents in the hypothalamus (HP) and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were determined by radioimmunoassay. RESULTS: ① NRQ obviously reduced body temperature of febrile rabbits induced by EP (P

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