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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928181

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a method for determination of paeonol(Pae), eugenol(Eug), and piperine(Pip) content in receptor liquid and research on the permeability and pharmacokinetics of Huoxue Zhitong gel patch and microemulsion gel. The Franz diffusion experiment was conducted to assess the percutaneous permeability, and the microdialysis method was employed to assess pharmacokinetics of Huoxue Zhitong gel patch and microemulsion gel. The content of Pae, Eug, and Pip in receptor liquid in vitro and in vivo was determined by HPLC and UPLC-MS. The Q_n and J_(ss) of Pae, Eug, and Pip in the gel patch were significantly higher than those in the microemulsion gel, indicating that the drug release was faster in the gel patch. The C_(max), AUC_(0-760), and MRT of Pae, Eug, and Pip in the gel patch were higher than those in the microemulsion gel, indicating that the gel patch can promote the penetration and prolong the skin residence of the drug. The results of this study provide reference for improving the dosage form of Huoxue Zhitong patch.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Chromatography, Liquid , Emulsions , Permeability , Skin/metabolism , Skin Absorption , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915364

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Measuring viability of a three-dimensional in vitro organotypic human oral tissue model has been suggested as an alternative test method to the oral mucosa irritation test of oral care products. The aim of this study was to investigate the production of two different cytokines using organotypic human oral tissue model following exposure to chemicals that are commonly used in oral care products. @*Materials and Methods@#The organotypic human oral tissues were exposed to ethanol, sodium lauryl sulphate or hydrogen peroxide for 90 minutes. Following exposure, interleukin (IL)-1α and IL-8 productions were assessed and correlated with cell viability testing as well as histology of the organotypic human oral tissues.Result: High levels of IL-8 were released from organotypic human oral tissues in all of the test and control groups without any significant differences between them. In contrast, differences were found in IL-1α release between the test and control groups. Additionally, the trend of IL-1α release corresponded to the phenotypes observed in histological analysis while different trend existed between IL-1α release and cell viability. @*Conclusion@#The study concluded the non-specific release of IL-8 for the assessment of oral care product chemicals’ toxicity, while potential of measuring IL-1α cytokine level as the possible alternative test method.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 110-114, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871458

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical value of sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score and revised Marshall score in evaluating organ function in acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods:From January 2013 to December 2017, at the Department of Gastroenterology of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, the clinical data of 3 957 hospitalized AP patients were collected through the AP electronic database. AP was diagnosed and the severity of the disease was classified according to the revised Atlanta classification criteria. Organ function was evaluated by modified Marshall score and SOFA score. The correlation between SOFA score and mortality, pancreatic necrosis were analyzed. Chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis were performed for statistical analysis.Results:The incidences of circulatory failure and renal failure determined by the SOFA score were higher than those of the modified Marshall score (4.80%, 190/3 957 vs. 3.03%, 120/3 957; 10.11%, 400/3 957 vs. 6.44%, 255/3 957), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=1 599.54 and 2 237.19, both P<0.01). Two score systems were consistent in determining the incidence of respiratory failure, which were 32.22% (1 275/3 957). The incidences of persistent circulatory failure (≥48 h) and persistent renal failure (≥48 h) determined by the SOFA score were higher than those of the modified Marshall score (1.64%, 65/3 957 vs. 0.76%, 30/3 957; 4.78%, 189/3 957 vs. 3.69%, 146/3 957), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=1 458.37 and 2 398.01, both P<0.01). The incidence of persistent respiratory failure (≥48 h) was same determined by two score systems, which were 10.24% (405/3 957). The proportion of patients with severe AP determined by SOFA score was higher than that of the modified Marshall score (25.30%, 1 001/3 957 vs. 18.83%, 745/3 957), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=718.216, P<0.01). The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that SOFA total score was positively correlated with the overall mortality and the incidence of pancreatic necrosis (correlation coefficients r were 0.540 and 0.211, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (both P<0.01). Conclusion:SOFA score can comprehensively evaluate organ function in AP and is an important approach in determining prognosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865901

ABSTRACT

Due to the ongoing outbreak of COVID-19, we reflect on the optimization of teaching content and the guidance to deep learning, from the perspective of TCM teaching research. We believe that it's necessary to pay attention to the overall integration of TCM theories, academic researching, and clinical practicing when teaching. By excavating and sorting out the knowledge system of TCM, a clear conceptual pedigree of academic inheritance is constructed. In the teaching of traditional Chinese pharmacy, we should integrate the reconsideration and multi-dimensional research on the theory of medicinal properties, and make preparations for the development of Chinese medicine in a new direction through the cross-integration of various disciplines.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865702

ABSTRACT

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is an acute severe disease with a high fatality rate. Initial doctor should accurately assess the disease severity and establish a multidisciplinary coordination and transfer plan. At the early stage, conservative medical treatment and organ support therapy are the main strategy. Minimally invasive intervention could be dominant in the management of complications such as infectious pancreatic necrosis, abdominal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal fistula and so on in the late course of the disease and surgical surgery could be administrated when necessary. During the recovery period, treatment of the etiologies, prevention of recurrence, local complications, and pancreatic endocrine and exocrine insufficiency also require multidisciplinary collaboration. Patient management of SAP through the whole course of the disease based on a multidisciplinary team is of great significance in increasing cure rate and improving quality of life.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843103

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and risk factors of male patients with psychotic disorders caused by alcohol. Methods: The clinical data of 52 male inpatients with alcohol use and related disorders treated in the Department of Addiction of Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from May 2018 to December 2019 were collected. There were 19 cases of alcohol-induced psychotic disorder (alcohol-induced psychosis disorder, AIPD) group and 33 cases of non-AIPD group. The risk factors of AIPD were obtained by regression analysis. Results: AIPD patients had a higher incidence of hallucinations (47.4%) and delusions of murder (47.4%). Compared with non-AIPD groups, Logistic regression analysis of AIPD patients showed that vitamine B12 (VB12) serum level (P=0.011, OR=0.995) and total cholesterol serum level (P=0.039, OR=1.874) were associated with the occurrence of AIPD. Conclusion: Patients with AIPD have psychiatric symptoms mainly consisting of hallucinations and delusions of murder. When patients' laboratory tests show abnormal serum VB12 and serum total cholesterol levels, attentions should be paid to the occurrence of AIPD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847987

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Simple posterolateral tibial plateau collapse fracture is very rare in the clinic. The displaced collapse fracture in this area must be anatomically reduced, filled with suitable materials, and fixed with internal fixators. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stability, clinical results and biocompatibility of modified posterolateral approach to treat simple posterolateral tibial plateau collapse fracture with beta-tricalcium phosphate combined with T-shaped locking plate. METHODS: Fifteen patients with simple posterolateral tibial plateau collapse fractures who received surgical treatment between June 2013 and December 2017 in Zhangjiagang Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University. These patients included 8 males and 7 females, aged 25-53 years. All of them received surgical treatment with beta-tricalcium phosphate combined with T-shaped locking plate through the modified posterolateral approach. After surgery, they were followed up for 12 months. X-ray examination was performed to evaluate fracture healing and internal fixation. Reduction effect was evaluated by Rasmussen radiology score. Knee function and stability were evaluated by HSS knee function score, Lachman test, pivot-shift test and lateral stress test. This study was approved by Medical Ethics Committee, Zhangjiagang Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University, China (approval No. 201305KS001). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) All patients underwent anatomical reduction of knee fractures, and the fracture healing time was 9-14 weeks. At 12 months after surgery, p-tricalcium phosphate was completely absorbed and replaced by new bone, and repair of bone defect was satisfactory. (2) There were no significant differences in posterior tibia angle, varus angle, Rasmussen imaging collapse score and Rasmussen imaging total score between 12 months after surgery and immediately after surgery in 15 patients (P > 0. 05). (3) At 12 months after surgery, the HSS score of the knee joint was 89-100, and Lachman test, pivot-shift test and lateral stress test results were negative in 15 patients. (4) During the follow up period, infection around implants, allergic reaction, immune reaction, or rejection reaction was not observed. (5) These findings suggest that treatment of simple posterolateral tibial plateau collapse fracture through the modified posterolateral approach with p-tricalcium phosphate combined with T-shaped locking plate exhibits good repair effects and biocompatibility.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 335-343, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781585

ABSTRACT

The main challenge in the field of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is antibiotic resistance, which influences the efficacy of eradication regimens. Bismuth-containing quadruple therapy has been confirmed as an effective regimen for eradicating H. pylori, especially in strains with antibiotic resistance. High-dose proton-pump inhibitor-amoxicillin dual therapy could decrease the use of unnecessary antibiotics, which is a promising alternative approach. Adjuvant therapy (specific probiotic or vitamin) also showed good results, although more evidence is needed. Novel anti-H. pylori drugs are needed, and the establishment of the H. pylori database is an effective way to acknowledge the real-time information of H. pylori management. This review provides the recent progress of H. pylori treatment, and further studies are needed to address the role of different regimens in improving H. pylori eradication rate, especially in strains with antibiotics resistance.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753375

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify the accuracy of APACHEⅡ, Ranson, BISAP and CTSI scoring systems for predicting the progression of mild acute pancreatitis ( MAP ) to moderate acute pancreatitis ( MSAP) and severe acute pancreatitis ( SAP ) , and death risk of patients with acute pancreatitis ( AP ) . Methods All data from 2080 consecutive adult patients who were admitted within 3 days of disease onset were selected from AP database between 2014 and 2017. The severity was classified according to the revised Atlanta classification systems. Patients who died during hospitalization or discharged automatically were defined as patients at risk of death. The predictive accuracies for MSAP, SAP and death risk were compared using receiver operating characteristic ( ROC) curves. Results The 2080 patients with AP were divided into MAP (n=857, 41. 2%), MSAP ( n =892, 42. 9%), and SAP ( n =331, 15. 9%) according to the revised Atlanta classification system. ROC curve analysis showed APACHEⅡ score, Ranson score, BISAP score and the CT severity index ( CTSI) had no predictive value for MSAP, but have predictive value for SAP and death risk. APACHEⅡ score had the highest accuracy in predicting SAP with area under the curve ( AUC) values of 0. 785 and 0. 746 on the 1st and 2nd day after admission, respectively, and the APACHEⅡscore on admission day 1 had the highest accuracy in predicting death risk (AUC =0. 845). Conclusions Various scoring systems had predictive value only for SAP and death risk, and APACHEⅡ score had the highese accuracy in predicting SAP and death risk.

10.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 83-87, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609239

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is a serious complication of acute pancreatitis (AP), with a mortality reported to be as great as 32.0%. At present, it is considered that patients with proven or suspected infected necrotizing pancreatitis, invasive intervention (i.e. percutaneous catheter drainage, endoscopic transluminal drainage/ necrosectomy, minimally invasive or open necrosectomy) should be delayed where possible until at least 4 weeks after initial presentation to allow the collection to become 'walled-off'. With the development of endoscopic technology, endoscopic transmural (stomach or duodenum) drainage and necrosectomy has been recommended as one of the preferred methods for walled-off necrosis. This article introduces the diagnosis and evaluation of the walled-off necrosis ; the indications, operation procedures, postoperative evaluation and management of postoperative complications of endoscopic transmural drainage and necrosectomy. At last, the research progress of endoscopic drainage and debridement in recent years was introduced.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665116

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasonography(EUS)for staging of early gastric cancer(EGC)and its influential factors. Methods Clinical information of 120 EGC patients admitted from February 2009 to January 2016 was reviewed. Diagnostic accuracy and the influencing factors of EUS for the invasive depth were analyzed by comparing the results of preoperative EUS and the pathology. Results Thirty-six patients were over-staged by EUS,and 10 patients were under-staged among 120 EGC patients. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity of EUS for the submucosal invasion were 61.67%(74/120),58.33%(14/24),62.50%(60/96)respectively. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for protruded EGCs(Type I)diagnosis were 74.36%(29/39), 50.00%(6/12), 85.19%(23/27) respectively;these three variables were 59.02%(36/61),83.33%(5/6),56.36%(31/55)respectively for flat EGCs(Type Ⅱ), and 45.00%(9/20), 50.00%(3/6), 42.86%(6/14)respectively for excavated EGCs(Type Ⅲ). The univariate factor results showed that differentiated degree, location and endoscopic morphology of the tumor were possible influential factors for over-stage. Multivariate factor results showed that flat type(OR=3.667,95%CI:1.086-12.386,P<0.05)and excavated type(OR=6.552,95%CI:1.421-30.218,P<0.05)were independent risk factors. Gender,age and tumor maximum diameter were not factors influencing the diagnostic accuracy of EUS. Conclusion The EUS shows higher clinical value for diagnosing the invasive depth in EGC. Tumor differentiated degree, location and endoscopic morphology may be the influencing factors for diagnostic accuracy of EUS. Flat type and excavated type may lead to over-staging.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838648

ABSTRACT

Objective Alzheimer's disease(AD)is a brain neural degenerative disease characterized by progressive cognitive and memory impairment. The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease remains unclear and there has been no effective treatment up to now. Autophagy plays an important role in clearing abnormally accumulated proteins and damaged organelles and in maintaining intracellular homeostasis and cell metabolism. This paper reviewed the role of autophagy in treatment of Alzheimer's disease, hoping to provide reference for discovering new treatment target for Alzheimer's disease.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488853

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the outcome of surgical approaches in patients of gastric cancer with portal hypertension.Methods The clinical data of 80 patients with portal hypertension undergoing curative surgery for gastric cancer or simultaneous surgery for portal hypertension were retrospectively analyzed.Results The radical gastrectomy alone had no tremendous impact on postoperative liver function.But simultaneous surgery for portal hypertension affected patients' liver function dramatically (P =0.018).For those who underwent surgery for portal hypertension simultaneously,the incidence of complications in Child B patients was much higher than that in Child A patients (P =0.018).However,the incidence of complications did not differ between Child A and B patients who underwent radical gastrectomy alone.In addition,patients undergoing simultaneous surgery for portal hypertension had more severe complications than those who underwent radical gastrectomy only (P =0.042).Age > 50 (P =0.012),tumor stage (P =0.015),and simultaneous surgery for portal hypertension (P =0.007) were the independent risk factors for postoperative liver dysfunction.The survival time of patients undergoing simultaneous surgery for portal hypertension was significantly shorter than that of patients undergoing radical gastrectomy only (in Child A patients,P =0.009,in Child B patients,P =0.000).Conclusions Individualized surgical approaches for the treatment of gastric cancer with portal hypertension should be decided by preoperative liver function.Simultaneous management of portal hypertension was not recommended.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488784

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the discrepancy between the new (2012) and the old (1992) Atlanta classification criteria for defining severity, organ failure and local complications in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods Demographic, clinical and laboratory data of 2 305 consecutive AP patients with onset less than 3 days, were collected between January 2005 to December 2013 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University.Severity, organ failure and pancreatic local complications were respectively classified by the old Atlanta classification and the new revised Atlanta classification.Multi-factor scoring system and single serum marker were recorded and calculated using the acute pancreatitis database.Results In 2 305 patients with AP, there were 301 cases (13.1%) diagnosed with acute respiratory failure, 136 cases (5.9%) with shock, 105 cases (4.6%) with acute renal failure, 296 cases (12.8%) with gastrointestinal bleeding, based on the old Atlanta classification criteria.According to the severity, 900 cases (39.0%) were classified as mild acute pancreatitis (MAP), 1 405 cases (61.0%) as severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).However, based on the new Atlanta classification criteria, there were 686 cases (29.8%) with acute respiratory failure, 129 cases (5.6%) with acute renal failure, 107 cases (4.6%) with circulatory failure.Consequently, 998 cases (43.3%) were classified as MAP, 937 cases (40.7%) as moderately severe acute pancreatitis (MSAP), 370 cases (16.1%) as SAP.The incidence of respiratory failure was lower than that of the old standard.In SAP patients by new criteria, the discharge rate in critical condition and mortality were not only higher than those in MSAP patients (17.0% vs 4.1%, 4.1% vs 1.5%, respectively , all P < 0.001), but also higher than those in SAP patients by the old classification (17.0% vs 7.2% ,4.1% vs 2.1%, all P < 0.001).Conclusions The diagnostic criteria of organ failure are different between the new and old Atlanta classification.The SAP patients classified by the new standard have worse outcome than those by the old standard.More attention needs to be paid to critical patients stratified by the new standard.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239581

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expression of CD10 in tumor-associated fibroblasts (TAF) in colorectal adenomas and its relation to cancerization and recurrence of adenoma.Tissue samples of low-grade adenoma (=50), high-grade adenoma (=50) and colorectal adenocarcinoma (=50) were collected, and tissue samples at the distal margin of corresponding colorectal lesions were taken as controls. The expression of CD10 in the stromal TAFs, and the expressions of β-catenin, Ki-67, p53 and CyclinD1 in tumor cells were detected by immunohistochemistry (Envision). The correlation of CD10 expression in stromal TAFs with the expressions of β-catenin, Ki-67, p53 and CyclinD1 in tumor cells was analyzed by Spearmen. One hundred samples of low-grade colorectal adenoma were collected, including 57 non-recurrent cases and 43 recurrent cases (16 cases of recurrent adenoma and 27 cases of recurrent adenocarcinoma); the expression of stromal TAF CD10 were determined and compared among groups.There was no TAF in normal colorectal mucosa. The expression rates of TAF CD10 in low-grade adenoma, high-grade adenoma and colorectal adenocarcinoma were 22%, 50% and 78%, respectively (all<0.05). The expression of Ki-67 and β-catenin in low-grade adenoma, high-grade adenoma, colorectal adenocarcinoma was on a rising trend (all<0.01). The expression of CyclinD1 in high-grade adenoma was higher than that in colorectal adenocarcinoma and low-grade adenoma (all>0.05). The expression of p53 in colorectal adenocarcinoma and high-grade adenoma was higher than that in low grade adenoma (all<0.01). The expression of TAF CD10 was correlated with the expression of p53, Ki-67 and β-catenin-nucleus(=0.264、0.307、0.320, all<0.01),but not correlated with CyclinD1 and β-catenin-membrane (=0.012、-0.073, all>0.05). The TAF CD10 level was significantly higher in low-grade adenoma with recurrence than that in those without recurrence (<0.05).The expression of CD10 in recurrent colorectal adenocarcinoma was higher than that in recurrent adenoma (<0.05).The expression of TAF CD10 is increased gradually in the process of adenoma-cancer, indicating that it may play an important role in the canceration of adenoma. Adenomas with high expression of CD10 TAF are likely to be recurrent and cancerized, and detection of TAF CD10 combined with p53, Ki-67 and β-catenin may be of value in predicting canceration or recurrence of colorectal adenoma.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Chemistry , Genetics , Adenoma , Chemistry , Genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor , Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts , Chemistry , Carcinogenesis , Chemistry , Colorectal Neoplasms , Chemistry , Genetics , Cyclin D1 , Disease Progression , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Chemistry , Neprilysin , Predictive Value of Tests , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , beta Catenin
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479383

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of acupoint application in canicular days plus TDP radiation in treating primary dysmenorrhea due to cold-dampness.Method Eighty-three patients were randomized into group A of 32 cases, group B of 20 cases, and group C of 31 cases. Group A was intervened by acupoint application plus TDP, group B was by acupoint application alone, while group C was by oral administration ofTong Jing Bao granules. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores of the three groups were observed before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacies were compared.Result The total effective rate was 93.1% in group A, versus 85.0% in group B and 77.4% in group C. The total effective rate of group A was significantly different from that of group B and group C (P<0.05). The total effective rate of group B was significantly different from that of group C (P<0.05). The VAS scores were changed significantly after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05). After treatment, the VAS scores of group A and B were both significantly different from that of group C (P<0.05).Conclusion Acupoint application plus TDP is an effective method in treating primary dysmenorrhea due to cold-dampness.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461629

ABSTRACT

A method was developed for the determination of tetrodotoxin in marine organisms by high perfor-mance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with immunoaffinity column. The samples were extracted with 1% acetic acid methanol solution and diluted with phosphate buffer at pH 7-8. After cleaned up by immuno-affinity column, the samples were analyzed by LC-MS/MS and quantitatively determined by external standard method. The chromatographic separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH Amide column with gradient elution by using acetonitrile and 5 mol/L ammonium acetate solution containing 0. 1% formic acid as mobile phase. Detection was carried out by electrospray positive ionization mass spectrometry in the multiple reaction monitoring mode. Linear ranges of TTX was in the range of 0. 3 -20. 0 μg/L with correlation coeffi-cient more than 0. 997. The quantification limit of the method was 0. 3 μg/kg. The recoveries of standard addition for tetrodotoxin were 88. 7%-102. 3%, and the relative standard deviation was 2. 0%-6. 4%. The method could be used to identify and quantify tetrodotoxin in marine organisms with satisfactory reproducibility and sensitivity.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254981

ABSTRACT

Laboratory animals and animal experiments are foundations and important support conditions for life sciences, especially for medical research. The animal experiments have drawn extensive attention from the society because of the ethical issue. This paper takes Wenzhou Medical University as an example to give a brief introduction to the ethical review about laboratory animals in the university so as to further draw attention and concerns from the public about the ethical issue of laboratory animals. We successively introduce its scientific projects, nurturing environment and ethical review of laboratory animals.


Subject(s)
Animal Experimentation , Ethics , Animals , Animals, Laboratory , Universities
19.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 531-534, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455862

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical characteristics of patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) in Jiangxi Province.Methods From 2007 to 2012,the data of 2 625 hospitalized patients diagnosed as AP were retrospectively analyzed.The changes of composition in gender,age and etiology during 2007-2009 time period and 2010-2012 time period were compared.Mann Whitney U test was performed for non-normal distribution measurement data analysis and x2 test was for count data analysis.Results Among the 2 625 patients with AP,from 2007 to 2009 there were 1 028 cases and 1 597 cases in the period 2010 to 2012.The ages of the patients in these two period were 50(38,61) and 50 (40,63) years old,respectively.There was statistically significant difference in the age distribution between these two period (U=783 635.5,P<0.05).Biliary factor was the most common cause of AP in the two time period 2007 to 2009 and 2010 to 2012,which accounted for 55.9% (575/1 028) and 62.9% (1 005/1 597),respectively,and the difference was statistically significant (x2=12.778,P< 0.01).Alcoholic AP accounted for 1.9% (19/1 028) and 7.3% (117/1 597),respectively,hyperlipidemic AP were 14.0% (144/1 028) and 17.7% (283/1 597),and idiopathic AP were 22.0% (226/1 028) and 5.9% (94/1 597),all the differences were statistically significant (x2 =38.204,6.330 and 151.416,all P<0.05).In male patients,biliary AP accounted for 52.4% (732/1 398),which was lower than that of female patients (69.1%,848/1 227),and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =76.524,P<0.01).Alcoholic AP and hyperlipidemic AP accounted for 9.0% (126/1 398) and 21.4% (299/1 398) in male patients,which were significantly higher than those of female patients (0.8%,10/1 227; 10.4%,128/1 227),and the differences were statistically significant (x2 89.396 and 57.585,both P<0.01).Biliary AP accounted for 79.9% (631/790) in elderly group,which was higher than that of non elderly group (51.7%,949/1 835),and the difference was statistically significant (x2=182.720,P<0.01).In elderly group hyperlipidemic AP and alcoholic AP accounted for 2.5% (20/790) and 1.3% (10/790),which were significantly lower than those of non-elderly group (22.2%,407/1 835; 6.9%,126/1 835),and the differences were statistically significant (x2 =156.524 and 35.262,both P<0.01).Conclusions The middle-aged and elderly people are the vulnerable population of AP.Biliary factor is the most common cause of AP,especially in the female and elderly.The proportions of hyperlipidemic AP and alcoholic AP both significantly increase,in the male higher than that of the female and in the non-elderly higher than that of the elderly.The proportion of idiopathic AP significantly decreases.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446561

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:There have been a large number of reports on establishing induced pluripotent stem celllines, but studies concerning large-scale in vitro induced differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cels into hematopoietic progenitor cels stil have a lack of in-depth discussion. OBJECTIVE:To develop methods to induce differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cels into hematopoietic progenitor cels in vitro. METHODS: Using the method of infection with lentivirus particles containing four transcriptionfactor genes, which are Oct4, Sox2, Nanog and Lin28, human skin fibroblasts are transduced into induced pluripotent stem cels. In the induced differentiation system, Y-27632, a kind of tyrosine kinase inhibitor-ROCK (p160-Rho-associated coiled-coil kinase), was added, which obviously suppressed apoptosis of cels. Based on conditioned medium with OP9 cels, a differentiation system of inducing induced pluripotent stem cels differentiating into hematopoietic progenitor cels was established. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Apoptosis of induced pluripotent stem cels at the first three passages was very obvious, and the cels were difficult in a large-scale expansion. After Y-27632 was added, the apoptosis of embryonic stem cels was obviously inhibited. (2) During embryoid body differentiation, induced pluripotent stem cels cultured in OP9 conditional growth medium differentiated into hematopoietic progenitor celsin vitro that were positive for CD34.

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