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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of hydromorphone combined with ropivacaine on hemodynamics, maternal and infant outcomes in labor analgesia.Methods:From April 2018 to April 2020, 150 pregnant women with single full-term pregnancy undergoing labor analgesia in Meishan Hospital Affiliated of West China Hospital, Sichuan University were randomly divided into two groups, with 75 cases in each group. The control group was given ropivacaine for labor analgesia, while the observation group was given hydromorphone combined with ropivacaine for labor analgesia. The scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and blood oxygen saturation (SpO 2) at the time of entering the room (T 1), after the first dose for 5 min (T 2), 10 min (T 3), after delivery for 30 min (T 4) and 60 min (T 5) were compared between the two groups. Results:The scores of VAS at T 2, T 3, T 4, T 5 in two group were decreased, and the scores of VAS in the observation group were lower than that in the control group: (5.12 ± 0.98) scores vs. (7.11 ± 1.10) scores, (4.39 ± 0.61) scores vs. (5.77 ± 0.75) scores, (3.12 ± 0.38) scores vs. (4.88 ± 0.91) scores, (2.12 ± 0.37) scores vs. (3.98 ± 1.11) scores, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of HR, MAP, SpO 2 in two groups at different time point had no significant differences ( P>0.05). There were no significant difference between the first stage of labor, the second stage of labor and the third stage of labor ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the 5 min Apgar score of newborns and the incidence of maternal adverse reactions between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Hydromorphone combined with ropivacaine for labor analgesia effect is ideal, and has little impact on hemodynamics of patients, and will not increase the safety risk of mother and infant.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-203/CREB1 signaling regulation mediated by DNA methylation on the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cells.@*METHODS@#The methylation level of miR-203 in the RPMI 8226 cells was detected by bisulfite sequcucing polymerase chain reaction (BSP). The mRNA expression of miR-203 was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RPMI 8226 cells were treated with DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR). The miR-203 mimic in MM cell line RPMI 8226 was transfected to establish overexpressed miR-203 cell. The proliferation, invasion ability and apoptosis of RPMI 8226 cell was detected by CCK-8 assay, Transwell, and flow cytometry, respectively. The targeting relationship between miR-203 and CREB1 was verified by double luciferase report assay. Western blot was used to detect the expression of CREB1 protein.@*RESULTS@#Hypermethylation of miR-203 promoter region and low expression level of miR-203 mRNA were detected in the RPMI 8226 cells, which showed that demethylation could induce the expression of miR-203. The proliferation and invasion ability of RPMI 8226 cells after treated by 5-Aza-CdR were inhibited, and showed statistical significance as compared with blank control group (both P<0.05),while the apoptosis rate was promoted (P<0.05). The proliferation, invasion ability and apoptosis of overexpressed miR-203 were the same as the demethylation group. Double luciferase report assay confirmed that CREB1 was the direct target of miR-203. The protein level of CREB1 was inhibited by demethylation and showed statistical significance as compared with control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-203 targeting CREB1 mediated by DNA methylation leads to maintain the malignant biological behaviors of MM cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Azacitidine/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 489-494, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939583

ABSTRACT

High level noise can damage cochlear hair cells, auditory nerve and synaptic connections between cochlear hair cells and auditory nerve, resulting in noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Recent studies have shown that animal cochleae have circadian rhythm, which makes them different in sensitivity to noise throughout the day. Cochlear circadian rhythm has a certain relationship with brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glucocorticoids, which affects the degree of hearing loss after exposure to noise. In this review, we summarize the research progress of the regulation of cochlear sensitivity to noise by circadian rhythm and prospect the future research direction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Auditory Threshold , Circadian Rhythm , Cochlea , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Hair Cells, Auditory , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Noise/adverse effects
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1342-1348, Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effect of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds seeded with human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells on functional recovery after acute complete spinal cord injury. METHODS: The fibroin and collagen were mixed (mass ratio, 3:7), and the composite scaffolds were produced. Forty rats were randomly divided into the Sham group (without spinal cord injury), spinal cord injury group (spinal cord transection without any implantation), collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds group (spinal cord transection with implantation of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds), and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group (spinal cord transection with the implantation of the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds co-cultured with human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells). Motor evoked potential, Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan scale, modified Bielschowsky's silver staining, and immunofluorescence staining were performed. RESULTS: The BBB scores in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group were significantly higher than those in the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.05 or p<0.01). The amplitude and latency were markedly improved in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group compared with the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.05 or p<0.01). Meanwhile, compared to the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups, more neurofilament positive nerve fiber ensheathed by myelin basic protein positive structure at the injury site were observed in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group (p<0.01, p<0.05). The results of Bielschowsky's silver staining indicated more nerve fibers was observed at the lesion site in the collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds + human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells group compared with the spinal cord injury and collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds groups (p<0.01, p< 0.05). CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated that the transplantation of human umbilical cord-mesenchymal stem cells on a collagen/silk fibroin scaffolds could promote nerve regeneration, and recovery of neurological function after acute spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Fibroins , Spinal Cord , Umbilical Cord , Collagen , Recovery of Function , Tissue Scaffolds
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the method and clinical effects of the treatment of recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with Hill-Sachs injury by arthroscopic Bankart repair and Remplissage.@*METHODS@#From March 2016 to March 2019, 106 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with glenoid bone defect less than 20% underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair, including 76 males and 30 females, aged from 18 to 45 (27.3±8.6) years, 59 cases of left shoulder and 47 cases of right shoulder. Range of motion (ROM), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons(ASES) score, Constant-Murley score and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder functionand stability before and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 21 to 60 months, with a mean of (41.5± 8.5) months. One patient developed infection after operation, and the infection was controlled after arthroscopic debridement again. The remaining patients did not have clinical complications such as infection, intra articular hematocele and redislocation. Shoulder flexion and lifting increased from (158.33±15.72) ° preoperatively to (169.43±10.04) ° at the latest follow up, and internal rotation changed from T7 (T4 to T10) preoperatively to T8 (T5 to T10) at the latest follow up;the average lateral external rotation and abduction 90 ° external rotation decreased from (58.46±15.51) ° preoperatively and (99.37±14.09) ° to (53.18±14.90) ° and (92.52±13.10) ° at the latest follow up, respectively. The ASES score, Constant -Murley score and Rowe score were significantly improved.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of rehabilitation of Bankart repair combined with Remplissageunder arthroscopy in the treatment of recurrent dislocation of shoulder joint in adults with Hill-Sachs defect is satisfactory. Although the external rotation function is weaker than that before operation, it can effectively reconstruct the shoulder function and avoid the occurrence ofdislocation after operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroplasty , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888188

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the main mechanism of Astragali Radix-Coptis Rhizoma pair(hereinafter referred to as the pair) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2 DM) based on network pharmacology and animal experiment. The main Chinese medicine compound prescriptions for T2 DM were retrieved from CNKI database and the medicinals with high frequency among these prescriptions were screened. The active components in the above medicinals were searched from TCMSP, TCMID, and previous research, targets of the components from SwissTargetPrediction and SEA, and targets for the treatment of T2 DM from DISGENET, TTD, and DrugBank. Thereby, the medicinal-component-disease-target network was constructed with Cytoscape. The targets were input in String database to yield the related proteins and the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by Cytoscape. The biological functions of proteins in the PPI network were analyzed by Cluego. Then, high-fat high-sugar diet and 30 mg·kg~(-1) streptozotocin(STZ, intraperitoneal injection, once) were employed to induce T2 DM in rats and the T2 DM rats were classified into the control group, model group, positive drug(metformin) group, and pair group. After one month of administration, the changes of blood glucose and blood lipids [triglyceride(TG), cholesterol(CHO), low density lipoprotein(LDL), high density lipoprotein(HDL)] were detected with biochemical methods and pathological changes of islet and collagen deposition in pancreatic tissue by HE staining and Masson staining, respectively. The result showed that pair can be used for T2 DM treatment. ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1(RAC1), paraoxonase 1(PON1), beta-galactoside alpha 2,6-sialyltransferase 1(ST6 GAL1), insulin receptor(INSR), sex hormone-binding globulin(SHBG), ileal sodium/bile acid cotransporter(SLC10 A2), endothelin-1 receptor A(EDNRA), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor A(PPARA), endothelin receptor B(EDNRB), and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2 A(HTR2 A) were the targets of the pair for the treatment of T2 DM. The main biological functions of the pair were regulating the metabolism of blood glucose and li-pids and protecting the cardiovascular system. The fasting blood glucose, and serum TG, CHO, and LDL were higher(P<0.01) and the HDL was lower(P<0.05) in the model group than in the control group on the 7 th, 14 th, and 28 th days. The fas-ting blood glucose and the serum TG, CHO, and LDL decreased(P<0.05) and the serum HDL increased(P<0.05) in the metformin group and the pair group as compared with those in the model group on the 14 th and 28 th days. There were no significant differences in blood glucose, TG, CHO, LDL, and HDL between the metformin group and the pair group. Rats in the model group demonstrated damaged structures of islets and pancreas, obviously increased deposition of collagen in islets and pancreas, and blurred cell boundaries. Metformin and the pair significantly alleviated the damaged structures and collagen deposition. The pair can effectively regulate the disorders of blood glucose and lipid metabolism in T2 DM and protect the structure and functions of pancreas and islets by controlling cardiovascular system, which is worthy of clinical application and can be used for drug development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Coptis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metformin , Rats , Rhizome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887884

ABSTRACT

A case of primary oral mucosal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL)due to long-term use of methotrexate(MTX)for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA)was admitted to the Department of Hematology,Fujian Medical University Union Hospital.We analyzed and discussed the clinical features,diagnosis and treatment,and prognosis of specific malignant lymphoma induced by MTX in this RA patient.Our purpose is to improve the awareness and knowledge of other iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders of clinicians and pathologists.This study provides a new reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of MTX-associated DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Methotrexate/adverse effects
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of receptor gene (P2X7, VDR and SLC19A1) polymorphisms with risk suffering from acute leukemia (AL) in Fujian area.@*METHODS@#Ninety-three cases of newly diagnosed AL as AL group and 90 persons not suffered from hematologic and other tumors as control group were selected and used for comparative analysis of receptor gene polymorphisms and risk suffering from AL between case and control groups. The bone marrow and peripheral blood were collected, from which the DNA was extracted. The PCR-RFLP was used to detect 8 SNP sites (P2X7: rs208294, rs2230911, rs3751143; VDR: rs2228570, rs7975232; SLC194A1: rs1051266, rs1131596, rs3788200) of receptor genes related with the environment response, and the genotypes analysis was used to the correlation of receptor gene polymorphisms with risk suffering from adult AL.@*RESULTS@#The unvariate logistic analysis showed that as compared with control group, P2X7 rs208294 T>C mutation and rs3751143 A>C mutation in codominant model, dominant model and over-dominant model were higher in case group, moreover the differences were statistically significant (PA mutation could increase the risk suffering from AL (PC mutation is one of protective factors against adult acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Homozygote , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Polymorphism, Genetic , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Purinergic P2X7
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942365

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the molluscicidal effect of 50% wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPNES) against Oncomelania hupensis on the soil surface and inside the soil layer by immersion method in winter. Methods O. hupensis snails were placed on the soil surface and 2, 5 cm and 10 cm under the soil layer outdoors in winter, and then immersed in 50% WPNES at concentrations of 1 mg/L and 2 mg/L for 1, 3 d and 7 d, while dechlorinated water served as controls. Snail mortality was observed following immersion with 50% WPNES on the soil surface and inside the soil layer. Results Following immersion with 50% WPNES at concentrations of 2 mg/L and 1 mg/L outdoors in winter, the 3-day corrected snail mortality rates were 98.0% and 76.0% on the soil surface, and the 7-day corrected snail mortality rate was both 100.0%. Following immersion with 50% WPNES at concentrations of 2 mg/L and 1 mg/L outdoors in winter, the 7-day corrected snail mortality rates were 95.5% and 85.6% 2 cm below the soil layer, 66.0% and 6.4% 5 cm below the soil layer. However, the 7-day snail mortality rate swere comparable between the 50% WPNES treatment group (at 2 mg/L and 1 mg/L) and controls 10 cm below the soil layer (both P > 0.05). Conclusion Immersion of 50% WPNES at a concentration of 2 mg/L for 7 days presents a high molluscicidal efficacy against O. hupensis on the soil surface and 5 cm within the soil layers in winter.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872847

ABSTRACT

Cerebral infarction is a clinical disease with corresponding neurological symptoms caused by cerebral ischemia and hypoxia caused by cerebral blood supply disorder. It is one of the most common cerebrovascular diseases and a serious threat to human health. The prevention and treatment of cerebral infarction has an important social significance. Angiogenesis is the key starting point for medical treatment of cerebral infarction, and signal transduction and transcriptional activators (STAT)/hypoxia inducing factor-1(HIF-1)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway are important pathways to mediate angiogenesis after cerebral infarction. This paper took the angiogenesis as the starting point and the upstream molecules of STAT/HIF-1/VEGF signal pathway STAT3 and miRNA as the main study objects, and comprehensively discussed the results of chip sequencing, experimental research, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) pathogenesis and TCM treatment. Based on the regulatory mode of "TF-miRNA" and the idea of "micro-whole", it is suggested that under the guidance of the basic theory of TCM, cubic compound prescriptions of TCM and its active components might activate the STAT/HIF-1/VEGF signal pathway through STAT3/miRNA feedback loop to promote angiogenesis after cerebral infarction, which puts forward a deep molecular mechanism and new direction for the treatment of cerebral infarction with TCM.

11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1213-1224, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828339

ABSTRACT

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO)/NMO spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a chronic, recurrent, antibody-mediated, inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, characterized by optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. The binding of NMO-IgG with astrocytic aquaporin-4 (AQP4) functions directly in the pathogenesis of >60% of NMOSD patients, and causes astrocyte loss, secondary inflammatory infiltration, demyelination, and neuron death, potentially leading to paralysis and blindness. Current treatment options, including immunosuppressive agents, plasma exchange, and B-cell depletion, are based on small retrospective case series and open-label studies. It is noteworthy that monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy is a better option for autoimmune diseases due to its high efficacy and tolerability. Although the pathophysiological mechanisms of NMOSD remain unknown, increasingly, therapeutic studies have focused on mAbs, which target B cell depletion, complement and inflammation cascade inactivation, blood-brain-barrier protection, and blockade of NMO-IgG-AQP4 binding. Here, we review the targets, characteristics, mechanisms of action, development, and potential efficacy of mAb trials in NMOSD, including preclinical and experimental investigations.

12.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1213-1224, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826750

ABSTRACT

Neuromyelitis optica (NMO)/NMO spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a chronic, recurrent, antibody-mediated, inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, characterized by optic neuritis and transverse myelitis. The binding of NMO-IgG with astrocytic aquaporin-4 (AQP4) functions directly in the pathogenesis of >60% of NMOSD patients, and causes astrocyte loss, secondary inflammatory infiltration, demyelination, and neuron death, potentially leading to paralysis and blindness. Current treatment options, including immunosuppressive agents, plasma exchange, and B-cell depletion, are based on small retrospective case series and open-label studies. It is noteworthy that monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy is a better option for autoimmune diseases due to its high efficacy and tolerability. Although the pathophysiological mechanisms of NMOSD remain unknown, increasingly, therapeutic studies have focused on mAbs, which target B cell depletion, complement and inflammation cascade inactivation, blood-brain-barrier protection, and blockade of NMO-IgG-AQP4 binding. Here, we review the targets, characteristics, mechanisms of action, development, and potential efficacy of mAb trials in NMOSD, including preclinical and experimental investigations.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829025

ABSTRACT

Accurate detection of low frequency mutations from plasma cell-free DNA in blood using targeted next generation sequencing technology has shown promising benefits in clinical settings. Duplex sequencing technology is the most commonly used approach in liquid biopsies. Unique molecular identifiers are attached to each double-stranded DNA template, followed by production of low-error consensus sequences to detect low frequency variants. However, high sequencing costs have hindered application of this approach in clinical practice. Here, we have developed an improved duplex sequencing approach called SinoDuplex, which utilizes a pool of adapters containing pre-defined barcode sequences to generate far fewer barcode combinations than with random sequences, and implemented a novel computational analysis algorithm to generate duplex consensus sequences more precisely. SinoDuplex increased the output of duplex sequencing technology, making it more cost-effective. We evaluated our approach using reference standard samples and cell-free DNA samples from lung cancer patients. Our results showed that SinoDuplex has high sensitivity and specificity in detecting very low allele frequency mutations. The source code for SinoDuplex is freely available at https://github.com/SinOncology/sinoduplex.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816332

ABSTRACT

In recent years,due to the coming of aging society,pelvic floor dysfunction(PFD)has gradually become one of the research hotspots in the field of obstetrics and gynecology worldwide.At present,surgery is the preferred treatment for moderate to severe PFD patients. With the development of minimally invasive surgery technology and the renewal of minimally invasive concept,PFD treatment options have been improved continuously. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery has been applied to gynecological surgery because of its fast recovery,slight pain and being without abdominal incision. Although the development of minimally invasive surgery provides more surgical options,different surgical methods have their advantages and disadvantages,and they should be controlled.Therefore,the age,symptoms,signs,medical history and general condition of the patients should be comprehensively evaluated to achieve the best therapeutic effect.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery(vNOTES)sacrocolpopexy in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse(POP).METHODS: From June 2017 to September 2018,33 POP patients who underwent vNOTES sacrocolpopexy in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were collected.The operative time,blood loss and postoperative complications were recorded to evaluate the safety of the operation.After regular follow-up,POP-Q was used to objectively evaluate the effect of surgery,and PFIQ-7 was used to evaluate the recovery effect.RESULTS: In this group,3 of 33 cases were converted to transumbilical laparoscopy,and in the remaining 30 cases the surgery was successfully completed.The operation time was(184.97±41.91)min,and mean estimated blood loss was(28.33±18.77)mL.No complications such as exposure or infection of mesh were found after operation.The POP-Q indicators were significantly improved in 1,3,6 months after surgery(P<0.05),and the quality of life was better after operation than before(P<0.05).CONCLUSION: vNOTES is a feasible and safe approach for sacrocolpopexy with positive short-term efficacy in the treatment of POP.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To find out the mortality trend and related factors in aged hospitalized patients with diabetes mellitus(DM). METHODS: The case information diabetic in patients who died during the period from 2005 to 2014 were collected and the mortality and causes of death were analyzed. RESULTS: From 2005 to 2014, 1297 diabetic patients died, and the mortality of elderly DM inpatients was 4.44%(1162 cases), significantly higher than that of the non-elderly of 0.94%(P<0.001). The death rate of elderly diabetic patients was significantly higher in males than in females(5.22% vs. 3.47%, P<0.001). The mortality of the aged diabetic patients decreased within 10 years(P<0.001), decreasing from 4.75% in 2005 to 3.01% in 2009(P<0.001) in the year of 2005-2009, while there were no differences in the year of 2010-2014. The main death causes of the aged diabetic in-patients were as follows: infections(27.71%), cardiovascular diseases(25.22%), tumor(21.34%), cerebral vascular diseases(10.41%) and diabetic complications(5.51%). The first death cause in the 60-79 yrs group was cardiovascular diseases, while in the ≥80 yrs group, it was infections. The constituent ratio of infection as death cause in the aged during 2010-2014 significantly increased(22.60% vs. 32.50%, P<0.001), increasing by 43.81%, and it became the first cause of death in 2010. CONCLUSION: The death rate of the elderly DM in-patients has decreased significantly within 10 years, from 2005 to 2014, while the rate has kept steady from 2010. Infections and cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death. So it's important to prevent the elderly hospitalized DM patients from infection, in addition to cardiovascular diseases, and to control in time.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 647-666, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771344

ABSTRACT

Gibberellin is an essential plant hormone that plays an important regulatory role throughout the life cycle of higher plants. A total of 23 genes involved in gibberellin action were identified from Phyllostachys edulis genome, including 8 GA20ox and 1 GA3ox genes involved in the gibberellin biosynthesis, 8 GA2ox genes involved in the metabolism of gibberellin, 2 GID1 genes involved in gibberellin perception, 2 GID2 genes and 2 DELLA genes involved in gibberellin signal transduction. Phylogenetic analysis of these genes from Arabidopsis, Oryza sativa and Phyllostachys edulis revealed that gibberellin biosynthesis, metabolism, and signaling pathways are conserved in these species. Treatment of seeds and seedlings of bamboo with exogenous gibberellin revealed that gibberellin significantly increased seed germination rate and stem elongation of seedlings, and had the best concentration of action. The expression levels of GA20ox and GA3ox genes in the bamboo seedlings were down-regulated and the expression of the active gibberellin-degrading gene GA2ox was up-regulated after GA3 treatment, and the transcriptional level of the gibberellin receptor GID1 and the positive regulatory gene GID2 was significantly increased while the expression of the negative regulatory gene DELLA was decreased. These genes have significant differences in the expression of different spatial locations of bamboo shoot stems, GA20ox, GA3ox, GA2ox, GID1 and GID2 are all expressed in the upper part of bamboo shoots, while the repressor gene DELLA accumulates at the bottom of the shoots and is hardly expressed at the top.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Gibberellins , Phylogeny , Plant Growth Regulators , Plant Proteins , Poaceae
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the anti-tumor molecular mechanism of berberine (BBR)by observing and analyzing its effect on proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy-related gene expression for HCCLM3 cells under high glucose condition. Method:HCCLM3 cells were added into low, medium or high-concentration groups of glucose. It was found in cell counting kit-8(CCK-8)that the high concentration of glucose had the most obvious effect on HCCLM3 cells proliferation. Based on the above experimental result, HCCLM3 cells treated with high concentration of glucose was selected and then different concentrations of berberine (5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 μmol·L-1) was added for in vitro intervention for 24 h. Then the effect of each drug group on the proliferation of HCCLM3 cells were studied. At the same time, the control group of metformin was arranged. After that, the changes of apoptosis rate were observed by flow cytometry, and the expression levels of B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2)and autophagy genes Atg5, Beclin1 were detced by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:With the increase of glucose concentration, HCCLM3 cell had the strongest migration and proliferation ability in high glucose group (P-1), and the inhibition rate was 33.86%, 40.75% (PPPP PConclusion:BBR could inhibit the proliferation of HCCLM3 cells in high glucose environment. Its inhibition effect for HCCLM3 cells might be achieved by inducing apoptosis of the cells, regulating Bcl-2 and up-regulating the expression levels of autophagy gene Beclin1 and Atg5.Thus BBR plays an anti-tumor role through promoting autophagy in high glucose environment.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796360

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of PM2.5 exposure on the thyroid function in male SD rats.@*Methods@#Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into " filtered air" (FA) and " PM2.5" groups. These rats exposed to the 2 kinds of air for 12 weeks were killed and their plasma and thyroid tissues were taken for investigation. The morphological status and pathological changes of thyroid tissue were observed after H&E staining. The levels of triiodothyronine (T3), free triiodothyronine (FT3), thyroxine(T4), free thyroxine (FT4), anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TGAb), anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), thyrotropin (TSH), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in rats were measured by ELISA.@*Results@#The results showed that there was no significant difference in body weight between two groups after 12 weeks of exposure to either filtered air or PM2.5. No pathological changes and significant differences were observed in the thyroid tissues of two groups after HE staining. There were no significant differences in plasma levels of T4, T3, FT3, TNF-α, and IL-6 between two groups. However, compared with rats exposed to filtered air, rats exposed to PM2.5 had significantly lower plasma FT4[(3.81±1.23) vs (6.02±2.40)pmol/L, P<0.01] and higher TSH [(5.63±1.74) vs (4.29±1.37) mU/L, P<0.05] levels.@*Conclusion@#The exposure to PM2.5 for a period of 12 weeks may lead to the decrease of FT4 and increase of TSH in rats.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791731

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of PM2. 5 exposure on the thyroid function in male SD rats. Methods Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into " filtered air" ( FA) and " PM2.5" groups. These rats exposed to the 2 kinds of air for 12 weeks were killed and their plasma and thyroid tissues were taken for investigation. The morphological status and pathological changes of thyroid tissue were observed after H&E staining. The levels of triiodothyronine ( T3 ) , free triiodothyronine ( FT3 ) , thyroxine( T4 ) , free thyroxine ( FT4 ) , anti-thyroglobulin antibody ( TGAb ) , anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody ( TPOAb ) , thyrotropin ( TSH ) , tumor necrosis factor α ( TNF-α), and interleukin-6 ( IL-6) in rats were measured by ELISA. Results The results showed that there was no significant difference in body weight between two groups after 12 weeks of exposure to either filtered air or PM2.5. No pathological changes and significant differences were observed in the thyroid tissues of two groups after HE staining. There were no significant differences in plasma levels of T4 , T3 , FT3 , TNF-α, and IL-6 between two groups. However, compared with rats exposed to filtered air, rats exposed to PM2.5 had significantly lower plasma FT4[ (3.81 ± 1.23) vs (6.02 ± 2.40) pmol/L, P<0.01] and higher TSH [ (5.63 ± 1.74) vs (4.29 ± 1.37) mU/L, P<0. 05 ] levels. Conclusion The exposure to PM2. 5 for a period of 12 weeks may lead to hypothyroidism in rats.

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