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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 155-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970461

ABSTRACT

Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) is a serine/threoninekinase involved in the signal transduction cascade of Ras-Raf-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK)-ERK.It participates in the cell growth,proliferation and even invasion by regulating gene transcription and expression.The occurrence of a variety of diseases such as lung cancer,liver cancer,ovarian cancer,cervical cancer,endometriosis,and preeclampsia,as well the metastasis and disease progression,is closely associated with the regulation of cell invasion by ERK1/2 signaling pathway.Therefore,exploring the regulation of ERK1/2 signaling on cell invasion and its role in pathogenesis of diseases may help to develop more effective treatment schemes.This article introduces recent progress in the regulation of ERK1/2 signaling on cell invasion and the role of such regulation in diseases,with a view to give new insights into the clinical treatment of ERK 1/2-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Signal Transduction , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation
2.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 352-356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927887

ABSTRACT

Candida vertebral osteomyelitis,a rare but challenging clinical disease without specific clinical manifestations,is prone to delay in diagnosis,with potential risks of serious complications.Therefore,early diagnosis is the key to improving the cure rate of this disease.A case of invasive candida lumbar osteomyelitis after gastrointestinal surgery is reported in this paper.We analyzed the clinical characteristics of the patient and reviewed the relevant literature,aiming to improve the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Candida , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Lumbar Vertebrae , Osteomyelitis/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1810-1816, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide a reference for the hierarchical management of clinical nurses in top three hospitals, the hierarchical management evaluation system was conducted and evaluated in the present study.Methods:On the context of three-dimensional structure theory of medical quality, the Delphi method was applied to conduct two rounds of correspondence consultation among 23 nursing experts, and then related indexes were established based on the evaluation results and recommendations.Results:An evaluation system for hierarchical management of clinical nurse in top three hospitals was finally constructed, which included 3 first-grade and 19 second-grade indexes. The effective recovery rate of the two rounds of expert questionnaires and authority Cr of two rounds of expert consultation were 100% and 0.915, respectively. The Kendall coefficients of concordance for significance and operability of the first-grade and second-grade indexes were 0.353/0.515 and 0.344/0.469, respectively ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The hierarchical management of clinical nurses in top three hospitals constructed based on three-dimensional structure theory has reliability and feasibility.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 992-995, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for postoperative septic cardiomyopathy (SCM) in septic patients.Methods:The perioperative medical records of septic patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Suzhou Municipal Hospital after surgery from January 2017 to November 2020 were retrospectively collected.The patients were divided into SCM group and non-SCM group (NSCM group) according to whether or not SCM developed within 48 h after operation.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for SCM.Results:A total of 269 patients were included in this study, including 49 patients in SCM group and 220 patients in NSCM groups.Compared with group NSCM, the rate of laparoscopic surgery, the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) at the time of entering ICU, the serum concentration of lactate at the time of entering ICU, the highest serum concentration of lactate, the highest serum concentration of procalcitonin, the maximum consumption of norepinephrine and the highest body temperature were increased, and the minimum platelet count was decreased in group SCM ( P<0.1). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that SOFA score at the time of entering ICU and laparoscopic surgery were the risk factors for the development of postoperative SCM in septic patients ( P<0.05). The risk for SCM was increased by 34.273 times when the SOFA score at the time of entering ICU was ≥7 ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Laparoscopic surgery and SOFA score ≥7 at the time of entering ICU are the risk factors for the development of postoperative SCM in septic patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 823-828, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the functional imaging parameters that effectively distinguish isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) gene mutation status in clinical practice with long echo time (TE) point-resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) MRS.Methods:Totally 25 patients with suspected diagnosis of low grade gliomas(LGGs; Grade II) were recruited prospectively and divided into IDH mutation group and IDH wild group according to pathological results in the study. All patients were scanned with long TE PRESS MRS. In addition, IDH mutational status was determined by post-operation Sanger sequencing. The t test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences of 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG), Glutamate (Glu), Glutamine (Gln) and 2HG/Glu+Gln between the IDH mutation group and the IDH wild group, then ROC curve was plotted with statistically significant indexes to obtain the efficacy of predicting IDH mutation status. Results:Of the 25 patients, 19 had IDH mutant gliomas and 6 had IDH wild-type gliomas. 2HG, Glu, Gln and 2HG/Glu+Gln in IDH mutated group were 1.42 (1.09, 1.93)mmol/L, (1.74±1.31)mmol/L, (1.68±0.66)mmol/L, 0.55 (0.28, 0.77), respectively; while the corresponding values were 0.00 (0.00, 1.30)mmol/L, (3.28±1.02)mmol/L, (2.55±1.47)mmol/L, 0.00 (0.00, 0.26) in IDH gene wild type group, respectively. The differences of 2HG, Glu, and 2HG/Glu+Gln between the two groups were statistically significant ( P values were 0.030, 0.016, 0.004, respectively). The area under the ROC curve of 2HG/Glu+Gln was the largest (0.877), and the sensitivity was the highest (84.2%). Conclusion:The integration of 2HG with Glu and Gln can effectively realize the noninvasive assessment of IDH mutation status.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 279-283, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885151

ABSTRACT

A 49-year-old male was admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital presented with fever for more than half a year. The patient was diagnosed as Sjogren′s syndrome at local hospital. After oral prednisone 60 mg per day was given, the fever alleviated, but recurred after prednisone tapered to 40 mg/d. Both blood culture and stool culture were positive for Salmonella enteritidis. Antibiotics including ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cilastatin-imipenem were sequentially administrated for 4 weeks, yet not effective. Although there were not respiratory symptoms or certain abnormalities on high-resolution chest CT, arterial blood gas indicated hypoxemia. Serum lactate dehydrogenase and β2 micro-globulin were elevated, and the lung function test demonstrated significant impairment of diffusion function. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT)scan suggested that high fluorodeoxyglucose uptake was diffusely seen in both lungs. The patient was finally diagnosed as pulmonary intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) by transbronchial lung biopsy. This case aims to emphasize the differentiation diagnoses of pulmonary intravascular lymphoma from common situations.

7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 828-835, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes of the esophagogastric junction outlet obstruction (EGJOO) patients, to discuss the differences of the clinical manifestation and esophageal motility characteristics between the anatomic EGJOO (A-EGJOO) and functional EGJOO (F-EGJOO) subgroups, and to search the diagnostic values of the specific metrics for differentiating the subgroups of EGJOO patients.@*METHODS@#For the current retrospective study, all the patients who underwent the esophageal high resonance manometry test were retrospectively analyzed from Jan 2012 to Oct 2018 in Peking University Third Hospital. The EGJOO patients were enrolled in the following research. The clinical characteristics, such as symptoms and causes of the patients were studied. Then the patients were divided into two subgroups as A-EGJOO subgroup and F-EGJOO subgroup. The clinical symptoms and the main manometry metrics were compared between these two subgroups. The significant different metrics between the two groups were selected to draw receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the diagnostic values were analyzed in differentiating the A-EGJOO and F-EGJOO subgroups.@*RESULTS@#The most common symptom of EGJOO was chest pain or chest discomfort (30.63%), then the dysphagia (29.73%), and acid regurgitation/heartburn (27.03%). Non-erosive reflux disease (36.04%) was the most popular cause for EGJOO, then the reflux esophagitis (17.12%). Besides the intra-EGJOO and extra-EGJOO lesions, the connective tissue disease (6.31%) and central nervous diseases (2.70%) were found to be the etiology of EGJOO. The causes of the rest 19 EGJOO were unknown. A-EGJOO patients presented significantly higher intra bolus pressure (IBP) than that of F-EGJOO [6.80 (5.20, 9.20) mmHg vs. 5.10 (3.10, 7.60) mmHg, P=0.016]. The area under curve of IBP was 0.637. When IBP≥5.15 mmHg, the sensitivity was 78.60% and specificity 50.70% to differentiate A- or F-EGJOO.@*CONCLUSION@#Chest pain or chest discomfort was the most common symptom in EGJOO patients. Besides the intraluminal structural disorders, the extra-luminal causes were found in EGJOO patients. A-EGJOO presented higher IBP than that of F-EGJOO patients. The cutoff value of IBP to differentiate A-EGJOO from EGJOO was 5.15 mmHg with sensitivity 78.06% and specificity 50.70%. However for the low area under curve, the diagnostic value of IBP was limited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Deglutition Disorders , Esophageal Motility Disorders/diagnosis , Esophagogastric Junction , Manometry , Retrospective Studies
8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 291-304, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide comprehensive data to understand mechanisms of vascular endothelial cell (VEC) response to hypoxia/re-oxygenation.@*METHODS@#Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were employed to construct hypoxia/re-oxygenation-induced VEC transcriptome profiling. Cells incubated under 5% O2, 5% CO2, and 90% N2 for 3 h followed by 95% air and 5% CO2 for 1 h were used in the hypoxia/re-oxygenation group. Those incubated only under 95% air and 5% CO2 were used in the normoxia control group.@*RESULTS@#By using a well-established microarray chip consisting of 58 339 probes, the study identified 372 differentially expressed genes. While part of the genes are known to be VEC hypoxia/re-oxygenation-related, serving as a good control, a large number of genes related to VEC hypoxia/re-oxygenation were identified for the first time. Through bioinformatic analysis of these genes, we identified that multiple pathways were involved in the reaction. Subsequently, we applied real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot techniques to validate the microarray data. It was found that the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, like pleckstrin homology-like domain family A member 1 (PHLDA1), was also consistently up-regulated in the hypoxia/re-oxygenation group. STRING analysis found that significantly differentially expressed genes SLC38A3, SLC5A5, Lnc-SLC36A4-1, and Lnc-PLEKHJ1-1 may have physical or/and functional protein-protein interactions with PHLDA1.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The data from this study have built a foundation to develop many hypotheses to further explore the hypoxia/re-oxygenation mechanisms, an area with great clinical significance for multiple diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Computational Biology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Microarray Analysis/methods , Transcription Factors/genetics , Transcriptome
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 280-290, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010534

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F has significant anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties and is widely used for treating autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and kidney disease, especially in traditional Chinese medicine. The mechanisms underlying its effects may be diverse but they remain unclear, and its toxicity and side effects limit its wider clinical application. This review summarizes the clinical application of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F in recent years, as well as the results of studies into its mechanisms and toxicity, to provide a reference for its future clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pyroptosis/drug effects , Tripterygium
10.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 880-886, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and pathogenesis of refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease(RGERD).Methods:The patients with acid regurgitation, heartburn and extraesophageal symptoms were enrolled in the study from November 2015 to September 2017 at Peking University Third Hospital. All the subjects filled the informed consent.Questionnaire, SCL-90, SAS and SDS scales were recorded. A 24 hour pH-impedance monitoring and esophageal high resonance manometry were carried out. According to the response to proton pump inhibitor(PPI), the patients were divided into RGERD and non-RGERD(NRGERD)groups. The clinical characteristics were compared between these two groups. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of RGERD.Results:One hundred and nineteen patients were finally enrolled in the study including 61 RGERD (51.3%) and 58 NRGERD patients (48.7%).The body mass index (BMI) and rates of, typical GER symptoms including acid regurgitation in RGERD patients were significantly lower than those in NRGERD patients ( P<0.05).While the atypical GER symptoms such as poststernal discomfort or chest pain were more common in RGERD group ( P<0.05).RGERD patients presented less acid reflux events and lower proximal segment reflux ratio than NRGERD patients. No obvious differences were found in the manometry metrics between these two groups. The scores of somatization, depression and hostility in RGERD patients by SCL-90 scales were significantly higher than those in NRGERD patients ( P<0.05), and depression score was an independent risk factor for RGERD [ OR=3.915 (95% CI1.464-10.466), P =0.007]. Conclusions:RGERD patients present more atypical symptoms and pathological non-acid reflux.Depression is an independent risk factor for RGERD.

11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 861-866, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801516

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses based on the theory of Kirkpatrick Model.@*Methods@#The draft of evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses was drawn up through literature survey and interview method first, and then it was constructed by using Delphi method and statistical analysis.@*Results@#Through two rounds of expert consultations, the experts′ suggestions were revised and summarized, and then the evaluation index system was constructed, including 4 grade I indexes, 14 grade Ⅱindexes, and 56 grade Ⅲ indexes. The positive coefficients of the two rounds of expert consultation were 96.15% and 100.00%, respectively, with authoritative coefficient of 0.877. The Kendall Harmony Coefficients of importance and operability of grade I, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ indexes were 0.640, 0.378, 0.296, and 0.707, 0.515, 0.416, respectively (P< 0.01).@*Conclusions@#The enthusiasm, authority level and coordination degree of the experts were all at a high level. The evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses was of high importance and operability.

12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 588-597, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776705

ABSTRACT

Paraquat (PQ), a highly effective herbicide, is widely used worldwide. PQ poisoning can cause multiple organ failure, in which the lung is the primary target organ. After PQ poisoning, the patient mortality rate is as high as 90%, and there is currently no specific antidote. The main clinical treatment is the use of glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide for pulse therapy, but its effectiveness and safety are still uncertain. We investigated the effectiveness and safety of immunosuppressive pulse therapy with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide to evaluate the treatment value in patients with acute PQ poisoning. This meta-analysis, combined with seven trials that enrolled a total of 426 patients, showed that immunosuppressive pulse therapy with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide for PQ poisoning significantly reduced mortality of the study group (59.3%, 134/226) compared with the control group (81.0%, 162/200). There was no significant difference of hepatitis or renal failure between the control and study groups, indicating that immunosuppressive pulse therapy was relatively safe. Several patients were reported to have leukopenia and returned to normal after 1-2 weeks without any abnormalities. Two cases of non-fatal sepsis were reported and considered to be a side effect of the immunosuppressive pulse therapy. Thus, immunosuppressive pulse therapy can efficiently reduce the mortality of PQ poisoning and it is relatively safe.

13.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 588-597, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847026

ABSTRACT

Paraquat (PQ), a highly effective herbicide, is widely used worldwide. PQ poisoning can cause multiple organ failure, in which the lung is the primary target organ. After PQ poisoning, the patient mortality rate is as high as 90%, and there is currently no specific antidote. The main clinical treatment is the use of glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide for pulse therapy, but its effectiveness and safety are still uncertain. We investigated the effectiveness and safety of immunosuppressive pulse therapy with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide to evaluate the treatment value in patients with acute PQ poisoning. This meta-analysis, combined with seven trials that enrolled a total of 426 patients, showed that immunosuppressive pulse therapy with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide for PQ poisoning significantly reduced mortality of the study group (59.3%, 134/226) compared with the control group (81.0%, 162/200). There was no significant difference of hepatitis or renal failure between the control and study groups, indicating that immunosuppressive pulse therapy was relatively safe. Several patients were reported to have leukopenia and returned to normal after 1–2 weeks without any abnormalities. Two cases of non-fatal sepsis were reported and considered to be a side effect of the immunosuppressive pulse therapy. Thus, immunosuppressive pulse therapy can efficiently reduce the mortality of PQ poisoning and it is relatively safe.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 861-866, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752542

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses based on the theory of Kirkpatrick Model. Methods The draft of evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses was drawn up through literature survey and interview method first, and then it was constructed by using Delphi method and statistical analysis. Results Through two rounds of expert consultations, the experts′ suggestions were revised and summarized, and then the evaluation index system was constructed, including 4 grade I indexes, 14 gradeⅡindexes, and 56 gradeⅢindexes. The positive coefficients of the two rounds of expert consultation were 96.15% and 100.00% , respectively, with authoritative coefficient of 0.877. The Kendall Harmony Coefficients of importance and operability of grade I, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ indexes were 0.640, 0.378, 0.296, and 0.707, 0.515, 0.416, respectively (P< 0.01). Conclusions The enthusiasm, authority level and coordination degree of the experts were all at a high level. The evaluation index system of training effectiveness for new recruiting nurses was of high importance and operability.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 544-548, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752391

ABSTRACT

Objective ToexploretheCTcharacteristicsofinvasivepulmonaryadenocarcinomapresentingaspuregroundglass nodule(pGGN)withthin-sliceCT,andtodifferentiateinfiltratingadenocarcinoma(IA)fromnon-IA.Methods 271patientswith pGGNconfirmedbysurgicalpathologywereenrolledinthisstudyforretrospectiveanalysis.Patientsweredividedinto4groups:18 atypicaladenomatoushyperplasias(AAH),114adenocarcinomasinsitu(AIS),82minimallyinvasiveadenocarcinomas(MIA)and 57IA.Allthepatientsunderwentthin-sliceCTscansin1weekbeforesurgery.ThemaximumdiameterandaverageCTvaluewere measured,andtheimagingcharacteristicsofallpGGN,includingpleuralinelentationandvacuolesignwererecorded.Results The maximumdiameter,averageCTvalue,age,vacuolesignandsmokinghistory weresignificantlydifferent (P<0.05)betweenIA groupandnon-IAgroup.Nosignificantstatisticaldifferenceswereobservedingenderandpleuralindentation.Thediagnosticefficacy ofthemaximumdiameterandaverageCTvalueweregoodandtheROCcurveswere0.876and0.802respectively.Conclusion Itis helpfultodifferentiateIAgroupfromnon-IAgroupusingthemaximumdiameter,theaverageCTvalue,age,vacuolesignandsmoking history.ThemaximumdiameterandaverageCTvalueofIAgrouparesignificantlyhigherthannon-IAgroup.

16.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 403-406,411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702742

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the association between the level of plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/Kexin 9 (PCSK9) with incidence and severity of calcified aortic valve disease(CAVD).Methods:We prospectively recruited 120 CAVD patients with at least increased echo density and 40 control patients by transthoracic echocardiography.All patients were grouped by CT quantitative scoring system:aortic valve calcification (AVC)1,2,3 and 4.Calcium score of aortic valve were calculated.Total cholesterol (TC),low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C),high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),triglyceride (TG), carrying lipoprotein A1 (apo A1) and apolipoprotein B (apo B),lipoprotein (a) {LP (a)} and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were detected by biochemical analyzer.Plasma PCSK9 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The re-lationship between AVC and plasma PCSK9 level,blood lipid,Apo A1,Apo B and hsCRP was analyzed.Results:The data indicated that Apo,B Lp(a) and LDL-C levels in AVC2-4 level was significantly higher than that of AVC1(P<0.05),while TG,APO,A1 HDL-C and hsCRP were not different significantly in the four groups.The levels of TC in group AVC3 and AVC4 were significantly higher than those in group AVC1(P<0.05).At the same time,the patients of grade AVC2-4 have higher level of plasma PCSK9 than patients of group AVC1(P<0.05).Correlation analysis was performed and aortic valve calcium score were significantly correlated with TC (r=0.248,P=0.026),LDL-C (r=0.222,P=0.048),Lp(a) (r=0.276,P=0.013),Apo A1(r=0.245,P=0.012),Apo B(r=0.212, P=0.019) and PCSK9(r=0.309,P=0.005) in all study subjects.PCSK9 was positively correlated with TC,LDL,LP (a),Apo A1, Apo,and no correlation with hsCRP (B).Conclusion:The level of PCSK9 in CAVD patients was significantly higher than that in control group.And there is an association of PCSK9 levels with the presence of CAVD,however.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 360-362, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695200

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the value of ultrasonography in diabetic retinopathy ( DR) .?METHODS: Totally 103 cases ( 103 eyes ) of type 2 diabetes mellitus were selected from May 2015 to May 2017 in our hospital, there were 32 patients 32 eyes with non diabetic retinopathy ( NDR) , 40 patients 40 eyes with non proliferative diabetic retinopathy ( NPDR ) , and 31 patients 31 eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), 40 healthy volunteers (40 eyes) were selected as control group, the maximum systolic blood flow velocity ( PSV ) , end diastolic velocity ( EDV ) and resistance index (RI) of the central retinal artery (CRA), posterior ciliary artery ( PCA ) and ophthalmic artery ( OA ) were detected by color Doppler ultrasound.?RESULTS:The difference of PSV, EDV and RI of CRA, PCA and OA in each group was statistically significant (P<0. 05). The PSV of CRA, PCA and OA in NDR group were 12. 38 ± 2. 10cm/s, 13. 36 ± 2. 55cm/s and 32. 04 ± 6. 07cm/s, significantly higher than that of NPDR group (9.70±1.67cm/s, 12.20±2.01cm/s and 27.40±4.32cm/s) and PDR group ( 7. 13 ± 1. 40cm/s, 10. 31 ± 1. 82cm/s and 22.10±3.51cm/s) (P<0. 05). EDV were 4. 67±1. 20cm/s, 5. 61 ± 1. 25cm/s and 8. 40 ± 1. 51cm/s, significantly higher than that of NPDR group (3. 52±1. 19cm/s, 5. 01±1. 30cm/s and 6.61±1. 67cm/s) and PDR group (2. 48±1. 02cm/s, 4. 11±1.04cm/s and 4. 01±1. 52cm/s) (P<0. 05). And RI were 0. 63 ± 0. 07, 0. 60 ± 0. 04 and 0. 77 ± 0. 05, was significantly lower than that of NPDR group (0. 72±0. 06, 0. 67±0. 05 and 0. 81 ± 0. 03) and PDR group (0. 80 ± 0. 09, 0. 74±0. 06 and 0. 86±0. 04) (P<0. 05).?CONCLUSION: Color Doppler ultrasound monitoring the hemodynamic changes of ocular blood vessels in diabetes can provide evidence for early detection of diabetic retinopathy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Health Policy ; (12): 72-75, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753950

ABSTRACT

Compared with the traditional health service industry, the new health service industry tends to be more comprehensive and integrated, and the various factors are in a dynamic change process, which is characterized by larger scale,intensive,agglomerative and special business methods. Compared with the traditional medical and health industry supervision, its regulatory content has greatly changed in the new system. Under the new market relationship,the supply and demand sides have put forward higher requirements for supervision,and the emerging business forms are networked, fragmented and flexible. The service boundary has broken through the traditional supervision mode,and it simultaneously faces the challenge of defining the supervision responsibilities,complexity,the current tax system management,the current supervision mechanism hindrances,and the balance between the new health service industry and health quality access regulation which are undergoing an exponential trend of development. Therefore,this paper puts forward some suggestions such as the establishment of a new health service industry supervision mechanism with information supervision as the core,the realization of the transition from direct control to bottom-line supervision, the establishment of multi-sectoral organic coordination, and a coordinated supervision mechanism which involves the participation of all social subjects.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 653-656, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618863

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily explore the delineation of clinical target volume in intensity-modulated radiotherapy for para-aortic lymph node metastases in patients with gynecological malignancies.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 56 gynecological tumor patients with para-aortic lymph node metastases who were admitted to our department from January 2010 to September 2016.The number and distribution of metastatic para-aortic lymph nodes were determined by imaging method.Results A total of 108 positive para-aortic lymph nodes were found in the 56 patients,with 1-4(mean,2) positive para-aortic lymph nodes per patient.The mean diameter of positive para-aortic lymph nodes was 2.3 cm (1.2-4.0 cm).A total of 20 metastatic lymph nodes (19%) were located at the L4 level,38(35%) at the L3 level,44(41%) at the L2 level,and 6(5%) at the L1 level.There were 71 metastatic lymph nodes (66%) at the left side of the para-aortic region,20 metastatic lymph nodes (19%) between the abdominal aorta and the vena cava,and 17 metastatic lymph nodes (15%) at the right side of the inferior vena cava.Conclusions For patients with gynecological malignancies,nodal contouring for the para-aortic region should not be defined by a fixed circumferential margin around the vessels.The left side of the para-aortic region should be covered adequately;the upper target should be extended up to the renal artery,and needs to be further extended for patients who have nodal involvement near the renal arteries and veins.

20.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 635-645, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704297

ABSTRACT

The application of medical imaging technology is playing an important role in diagnosis and treatment of cancer.In clinic,the most commonly used imaging technology to detect cancers are X-ray computed tomo graphy,nuclide imaging,magnetic resonance imaging and near-infrared fluorescence imaging.Contrast agents could enhance imaging signals and increase the sensitivity and accuracy of cancer detection.Neverthness,most of clinically used contrast agents have problems such as short retention time and tumor targeting insufficient,which is not favorable to cancer detecting.So it is of great significance to develop tumor targeting contrast agents.Currently,targeting strategies are divided into three types:passive targeting,active targeting and activatable targeting.In this review,we conclude the recent progress and applications of tumor targeting contrast agents of different imaging modilities.Besides,the future development of tumor targeting contrast agents is also prospected.

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