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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 830-834, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988730

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo discuss the origin of rare abnormal karyotypes of fetuses with high risk of trisomy 18 revealed by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) and its impact on fertility. MethodsThe cytogenetic and molecular genetic analyses were performed on the abnormal chromosomes of a prenatally diagnosed fetus with rare complete translocation trisomy 18. Using the keywords “translocation trisomy 18” or “trisomy 18 translocation” in both Chinese and English, we searched PubMed, CNKI, SinoMed, WanFang Data, CQ VIP and the Chinese Medicine database. The relevant case series were retrieved and critically appraised. ResultsG-banded karyotype analysis showed that the maternal karyotype was 46,XX,t(9;18)(q31.2;q23) and the fetal karyotype was 47, XN, t (9; 18) (q31.2;q23)mat, +18, which was a rare complete translocation type of trisomy 18. The SNP array revealed the fetus had increased copy number of chromosome 18 and two complete chromosome 18 inherited from the mother with balanced chromosomal translocation. Literature search found two children with complete translocation trisomy 18 reported abroad. Both of them had trisomy 18 phenotype and originated from the balanced translocation between parental chromosome 18 and other chromosomes. ConclusionNIPT gives an effective advance warning of trisomy 18. SNP array not only improves the detection rate of chromosomal abnormalities, but also helps identify the origin. The karyotype is still the gold standard for prenatal diagnosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 664-671, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012275

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of embryo quality at different developmental stages on the secondary sex ratio (SSR) of single live birth neonates. Methods: Data for patients with singleton live births after embryo transferred between January 2016 and January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The effect of embryo quality at different development stages on the SSR of 11 713 singleton live births were investigated. The association of SSR and embryo quality at different development stages was examined in univariate analysis and in a multivariate logistic regression model, after adjustment for confounders, using two models (Ⅰ and Ⅱ). Results: The age of both male and female, body mass index of both male and female, basal follicle stimulating hormone and estradiol, smoking of male, methods of insemination, methods of sperm extraction, types of transfer cycle and the number of embryo transferred were not related with SSR (all P>0.05). After adjustment for confounders, the probability of a male live birth was higher after transfer of good-quality blastula than after transfer of poorer-quality blastula (model Ⅰ: aOR=0.73, 95%CI: 0.65-0.82, P<0.001; model Ⅱ: aOR=0.73, 95%CI: 0.65-0.82, P<0.001). The quality of cleavage stage embryo was not associated with SSR (model Ⅰ: aOR=0.99, 95%CI: 0.87-1.13, P=0.937; model Ⅱ: aOR=0.99, 95%CI: 0.87-1.13, P=0.899). Conclusions: The SSR of singleton live births after embryo transfer is not correlated with the quality of cleavage stage embryo, but is correlated with the quality of blastula. Good-quality blastula transfer is more likely to result in a male live birth.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Humans , Male , Female , Live Birth , Retrospective Studies , Sex Ratio , Semen , Blastocyst
3.
Singapore medical journal ; : 479-486, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007327

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Creatinine has limitations in identifying and predicting acute kidney injury (AKI). Our study examined the utility of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in predicting AKI in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED), and in predicting the need for renal replacement therapy (RRT), occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and all-cause mortality at three months post visit.@*METHODS@#This is a single-centre prospective cohort study conducted at Singapore General Hospital (SGH). Patients presenting to SGH ED from July 2011 to August 2012 were recruited. They were aged ≥21 years, with an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and had congestive cardiac failure, systemic inflammatory response syndrome or required hospital admission. AKI was diagnosed by researchers blinded to experimental measurements. Serum NGAL was measured as a point-of-care test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 784 patients were enrolled, of whom 107 (13.6%) had AKI. Mean serum NGAL levels were raised (P < 0.001) in patients with AKI (670.0 ± 431.9 ng/dL) compared with patients without AKI (490.3 ± 391.6 ng/dL). The sensitivity and specificity of NGAL levels >490 ng/dL for AKI were 59% (95% confidence interval [CI] 49%-68%) and 65% (95% CI 61%-68%), respectively. Need for RRT increased 21% per 100 ng/dL increase in NGAL (P < 0.001), whereas odds of death in three months increased 10% per 100 ng/dL increase in NGAL (P = 0.028). No clear relationship was observed between NGAL levels and MACE.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum NGAL identifies AKI and predicts three-month mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lipocalin-2 , Prospective Studies , Lipocalins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Acute-Phase Proteins , Biomarkers , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Predictive Value of Tests
4.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 88-98, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000553

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The main treatment options of neurogenic bladder remains catheterization and long-term oral medications. Metabolic interventions have shown good therapeutic results in many diseases. To date, no studies have characterized the metabolites of the detrusor muscle during neurogenic bladder. Using metabolomics, new muscle metabolomic signatures were identified to reveal the temporal metabolic profile of muscle during disease progression. @*Methods@#We used 42 Sprague-Dawley rats (200±20 g, males) for T10 segmental spinal cord injury modeling and collected detrusor tissue and performed nontargeted metabolomics after sham surgery, 30-minute, 6-hour, 12-hour, 24-hour, 5-day, and 2-week postmodelling, to identify the dysregulated metabolic pathways and key metabolites. @*Results@#By comparing mzCloud, mzVault, MassList, we identified a total of 1,271 metabolites and enriched a total of 12 metabolism-related pathways with significant differences (P<0.05) based on Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis. Metabolites in several differential metabolic pathways such as ascorbate and aldarate metabolism, Steroid hormone biosynthesis, and carbon metabolism are altered in a regular manner before and after ridge shock. @*Conclusions@#Our study is the first time-based metabolomic study of rat forced urinary muscle after traumatic spinal cord injury, and we identified multiple differential metabolic pathways during injury that may improve long-term management strategies for neurogenic bladder and reduce costs in long-term treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 58-64, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940288

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Gelsemium elegans combined with Mussaenda pubescens on efflux transporter breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) and cytochrome P450 3A11 (CYP3A11) and their attenuation mechanism, and to investigate whether the nuclear receptors were involved in such regulation by intervening it with nuclear receptor activators. MethodC57BL/6 mice were divided into the blank group, G. elegans (GE, 0.25 g·kg-1)group, GE + M. pubescens (MP) (0.25 g·kg-1+10 g·kg-1) group, GE + pregnane X receptor (PXR) activator (rifampicin)(GE + Rif,0.25 g·kg-1+50 mg·kg-1) group, GE + MP + Rif (0.25 g·kg-1+10 g·kg-1+50 mg·kg-1) group, GE + constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) activator (1,4-Bis [2-(3,5-Dichloropyridyloxy)] benzene, TCPOBOP)(GE + TCP, 0.25 g·kg-1+0.5 mg·kg-1) group, and GE + MP + TCP (0.25 g·kg-1+10 g·kg-1+0.5 mg·kg-1) group. The medication lasted for 14 successive days. One hour after the last administration, the mice were sacrificed by cervical dislocation and the liver tissue was harvested. The left liver tissue was stained with hematoxylin- eosin (HE) for observing the pathological changes. The right liver tissue was used for BCRP and CYP3A11 mRNA and protein expression detection by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. ResultThe survival rates of mice in the GE + Rif group, GE group, and GE + MP group were 25% (the lowest), 40%, and 80%, respectively, and no death was observed in the other groups. Compared with the obvious lesions in the liver cells of the GE group, the pathological changes in liver cells of the GE + MP group were alleviated, while those in the GE + Rif group were worsened. Compared with the GE + Rif group, the GE + MP + Rif group exhibited relieved pathological changes in liver cells. Both the GE + TCP group and the GE + MP + TCP group showed mild liver lesions. The comparison with the GE + MP group revealed that the pathological changes in the GE + MP + TCP group were slightly relieved. Compared with the blank group, the expression of BCRP protein and mRNA in GE group were significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01).The expression of CYP3A11 protein in GE group were significantly decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the GE group, the GE + MP group displayed remarkably up-regulated BCRP protein and mRNA expression (P<0.05,P<0.01) and CYP3A11 protein expression (P<0.05), but slightly up-regulated CYP3A11 mRNA expression. Compared with the GE group, the GE + Rif group exhibited down-regulated BCRP protein expression (P < 0.05). The protein and mRNA expression levels of BCRP were lower in the GE + MP + Rif group than in the GE + MP group (P<0.05,P<0.01). The PXR activator rifampicin regulated BCRP before and after the combination of G. elegans with M. pubescens. The CYP3A11 protein and mRNA expression levels in the GE + TCP group were higher than those in the GE group (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the GE + MP group, the GE + MP + TCP group showed up-regulated CYP3A11 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.05,P<0.01). CAR activator TCPOBOP also had a regulatory effect on CYP3A11 before and after the compatibility of G. elegans with M. pubescens. ConclusionThe attenuated toxin after the combination of G. elegans with M. pubescens is closely related to the efflux transporter BCRP and the drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP3A11.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 21-26, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933751

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the phenotype and molecular genetic features of spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) cases with ATXN2 intermediate-length CAG-repeat expansion.Methods:Fragment analysis by capillary electrophoresis was performed to detect the dynamic mutations in the samples of the probands in 1 383 pedigrees with autosomal dominant inherited ataxia in Research Center for Motor Disorders and Neurogenetic Diseases, Department of Neurology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital from 2005 to 2018. The clinical and genetic features of individuals carrying the ATXN2 intermediate-length CAG-repeat expansion were carefully analyzed.Results:Two hundred and three individuals (including the probands and members of their families) in 163 families carried the expanded CAG repeats in ATXN2 gene, among which 107 individuals in 93 families carried the intermediate-length CAG-repeats. Within 20 parent-child pairs, the CAG repeats increased 0-28 copies in 16 pairs with paternal inheritance, and 0-4 copies in 4 pairs with maternal inheritance.Conclusions:For suspected SCA2 cases, ATXN2 gene testing should be performed on the parental members and adult offspring members in the family. Dynamic mutations testing is essential to identify the individuals with ATXN2 intermediate-length repeat expansion, which is very important for genetic counseling.

7.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 315-324, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877783

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Foreign workers (FWs) on work permit face unique health challenges and potential barriers to healthcare. We aimed to examine the epidemiology, attendance patterns, disposition, and adherence to follow-up, by FWs on work permit to two emergency departments (EDs) in Singapore.@*METHODS@#In this retrospective observational study, we included consecutive FWs on work permit who registered at the EDs of two public restructured hospitals from 1 May 2016 to 31 October 2016. Data obtained from electronic medical records included patient demographics, triage acuity, disposition, ED diagnoses and bill information.@*RESULTS@#There were 6,429 individual FWs on work permit who contributed to 7,157 ED visits over the 6-month study period, with male predominance (72.7%, 4672/6429), and median age of 31 (interquartile range 26 to 38) years. A high proportion of these FWs were triaged to low-acuity status compared to the general ED population (66.9% versus 45.9%, @*CONCLUSION@#In Singapore, the EDs of public restructured hospitals provide healthcare safety nets to FWs on work permit. These workers made more low-acuity visits compared to the general population during the study period and may face potential barriers to admission and follow-up.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 187-194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the taxonomic structure and diversity of endophytic fungi from <italic>Datura metel </italic>and screen the strains with anti-dermatophyte activities, so as to provide resources for the development of new lead compounds against dermatomycosis. Method:Endophytic fungi were isolated from the roots, stems and leaves of <italic>D. metel</italic> after tissue block incubation and then identified by morphological analysis and rDNA-internal transcribed spacer(ITS) sequencing. Their anti-dermatophyte activities were detected by agar diffusion assay. Result:A total of 292 strains of endophytic fungi were isolated from <italic>D. metel</italic>, belonging to 34 genera, with<italic> Fusarium</italic> (72.97%) in roots, <italic>Fusarium </italic>(37.25%) and <italic>Plectosphaerella </italic>(28.43%) in stems, and <italic>Colletotrichum </italic>(39.66%) in leaves as the dominant species. The isolation rate (89.23%), colonization rate (84.62%), and diversity index (1.82) of endophytic fungi in leaves were significantly higher than those in roots (70.48%, 70.48% and 1.23) and stems (69.39%,68.03% and 1.64). The determination of anti-dermatophyte activities of 35 endophytic fungal fermented filtrates showed that the strains exhibiting inhibitory activities against <italic>Microsporum canis</italic>, <italic>Trichosporon mucoides</italic>, <italic>Trichophyton rubrum</italic> and <italic>Candida albicans </italic>accounted for 97.14%, 71.43%, 45.71%, and 25.71%, respectively. Among them, six strains (17.14%), namely <italic>Fusarium </italic>sp. R1, <italic>Penicillium </italic>sp. R5, <italic>Aspergillus </italic>sp. R7, <italic>Metarhizium </italic>sp.<italic> </italic>S18, <italic>Diaporthe </italic>sp. S19, and <italic>Glomerella </italic>sp.<italic> </italic>L57, all inhibited the four types of cutaneous fungal pathogens. Conclusion:The endophytic fungi in <italic>D. metel</italic> are diverse, and the proportion of endophytic fungi possessing anti-dermatophyte activities is high, allowing them to serve as potential resources for the development of new anti-dermatophyte agents.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 119-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906339

ABSTRACT

Objective:Combined with high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) and network pharmacology, to predict the target and potential mechanism of Gardeniae Fructus in the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Method:HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was used to identify the chemical constituents of Gardeniae Fructus according to the retention time, relative molecular weight, secondary mass spectrometry fragmentation and other information of chromatographic peaks, and combined with literature data. The targets of main active ingredients in Gardeniae Fructus were predicted by Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and SwissTargetPrediction database. The potential targets of Gardeniae Fructus against cerebral ischemia were obtained through Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), GeneCards and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis of potential targets were analyzed with the DAVID 6.8. Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to construct the network of active components-targets-pathways. At last, Discovery Studio 2016 software was applied in the molecular docking verification between the key active ingredients and potential protein targets. Result:A total of 40 chemical constituents in Gardeniae Fructus were identified, including iridoids, diterpenoid pigments, organic acids, monoterpenoids and other components. According to the main active ingredients, 208 potential targets were predicted, 560 disease targets related to cerebral ischemia were retrieved, 59 key targets were selected by mapping component targets with disease targets. These targets could act on key target proteins such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF), Caspase-3 (CASP3) and CASP8, and participate in the regulation of TNF, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt), hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and other signal pathways. Molecular docking results showed that geniposide could interact with targets of prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), TNF<italic> </italic>and nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 (RELA), crocin Ⅰ could interact with interleukin-2 (IL-2). Conclusion:Geniposide, crocin Ⅰ and other ingredients in Gardeniae Fructus can play a role of anti-inflammatory and inhibiting apoptosis to prevent or treat cerebral ischemic diseases by up-regulating protein expression level of RELA and IL-2, down-regulating protein expression level of TNF, CASP8, CASP3 and matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), and regulating TNF, PI3K/Akt and HIF-1 signaling pathways.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 157-164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906063

ABSTRACT

Objective:The correlation between the appearance color of cooked rhubarb samples and the components characterized by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint was studied to reveal the quality transfer law in the steaming process of processed products with rice-wine. Method:The visual analyzer was used to analyze the change of the appearance color of cooked rhubarb sample powder at different processing time, the common components and their relative peak areas of processed products with rice-wine were identified by HPLC fingerprint, as well as multivariate statistics and Pearson correlation analysis were used to cluster, discriminate and analyze the appearance color and the component variables in HPLC fingerprint. Result:During the processing of cooked rhubarb, the <italic>a</italic><sup>*</sup> (red-green value) of sample powder had no obvious change, but the <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup> (lightness value), <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup><italic> </italic>(yellow-blue value) and <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab </italic>(total chromaticity value) showed a decreasing trend, and the appearance color changed from bright to dark, from yellow to brown. A total of 46 chromatographic peaks in the fingerprint were identified at 254 nm and 280 nm, and 18 of them were identified by comparison with reference standards. The change trend of <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>,<italic> b</italic><sup>*</sup><italic> </italic>and <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab </italic>were positively correlated with the contents of tannins (catechin, epicatechin and ethyl gallate), stilbene glycoside (<italic>trans</italic>-3,5,4′-trihydroxystyryl-4′-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-glucoside), phenylbutanone glycoside of 4′-hydroxyphenyl-2-butanone-4′-<italic>O</italic>-<italic>β</italic>-<italic>D</italic>-[2ʺ-<italic>O</italic>-gallic-6ʺ-<italic>O</italic>-(4ʺ-hydroxy)-cinnamoyl)-glucoside, conjugated anthraquinones (aloe emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside, rhein-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside, emodin-8-<italic>O</italic>-glucoside) and <italic>ω</italic>-hydroxyemodin (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and negatively correlated with the contents of free anthraquinones (emodin, aloe emodin and physcion). Compared with 254 nm, the similarities of chromatographic peaks at 280 nm was more obvious, and the number of detected common peaks was more, which could reflect more subtle differences in chemical composition. Conclusion:Tannins, stilbene glycosides and phenylbutanone glycosides are strongly correlated with <italic>L</italic><sup>*</sup>, while anthraquinones are strongly correlated with <italic>b</italic><sup>*</sup>, the decrease of <italic>E</italic><sup>*</sup><italic>ab</italic> is mainly related to the increase of free anthraquinone content and the decrease of catechins, <italic>ω</italic>-hydroxyemodin, stilbene glycosides, conjugated anthraquinone and phenylbutanone glycosides. The change of appearance color index of process samples can reflect the change trend of the contents of medicinal components in cooked rhubarb to some extent.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1069-1082, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881185

ABSTRACT

The intracellular retention of nanotherapeutics is essential for their therapeutic activity. The immobilization of nanotherapeutics inside target cell types can regulate various cell behaviors. However, strategies for the intracellular immobilization of nanoparticles are limited. Herein, a cisplatin prodrug was synthesized and utilized as a glutathione (GSH)-activated linker to induce aggregation of the cisplatin prodrug/IR820/docetaxel nanoassembly. The nanoassembly has been reprogrammed with peptide-containing moieties for tumor-targeting and PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. The aggregation of the nanoassemblies is dependent on GSH concentration. Evaluations

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2197-2206, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879178

ABSTRACT

The chromatic values of the broken-fried and single-fried Gardeniae Fructus Praeparatus(GFP) were measured by the color analyzer to analyze the color variation rule, and the contents of 10 main components were determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC). The multivariate statistical analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, and discriminant analysis were conducted to investigate the color and components of GFP samples. The experimental results revealed that L~*, a~*, b~*, and E~*ab decreased continuously during processing, and the color of samples gradually deepened. The trend and range of chromatic values during broken-frying and single-frying processes were basically identical. Gardenoside, crocin-Ⅰ(C-Ⅰ), and crocin-Ⅱ(C-Ⅱ) showed an obviously downward trend, while the contents of geniposidic acid and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural(5-HMF) increased significantly. Shanzhiside, deacetyl-asperulosidic acid methyl ester, and geniposide(G2) showed a downward trend. Scandoside methyl ester rose first and fell later. Genipin-1-O-gentiobioside(G1) went through a decrease-increase-decrease trend. The change trends of component contents during broken-frying and single-frying processes were generally consistent, but the change range was different. Among all the components, scandoside methyl ester and G1 showed obvious change. Because of different stir-frying time, the change rate of each component content in the process of broken-frying was higher than that in single-frying process. Additionally, geniposidic acid, gardenoside, scandoside methyl ester, C-Ⅰ, C-Ⅱ, and 5-HMF exhibited a higher correlation with apparent color. On the basis of above findings, the discriminant function of two frying processes was established, which could be applied to the discrimination of broken-fried and single-fried samples. This study analyzed the dynamic quality change rule of GFP during broken-frying and single-frying processes based on color-component correlation analysis, and found the two methods showed consistent change trend, yet with slight difference in the quality of samples. This study can provide data support for the processing of GFP.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Gardenia
13.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 58-63, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the association between periodontal indexes and biomarkers in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and preterm birth (PTB) in pregnancy, as well as to assess the clinical value of these indexes as predictors of PTB.@*METHODS@#A nested case-control study was conducted. A total of 300 systematically healthy pregnant women were selected within 36 weeks of gestation and grouped according to the enrolled weeks. Periodontal indexes, including probing depth (PD), bleeding index (BI), gingival index (GI), and five biomarkers in GCF, including interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) were measured at the enrolled date. The detailed birth outcome was recorded.@*RESULTS@#Only women at 24-28 weeks of gestation per PTB case (four full-term births) were selected as controls subjects, PTB displayed significantly greater GI, BI, and 8-OHdG (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased BI and 8-OHdG at 24-28 weeks of gestation are risk factors for PTB. Their combined detection may have some value in the prediction of PTB, but further studies with a larger sample size are needed to explore it and thus provide experiment evidence for establishing an early warning system for PTB in pregnant women with periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Biomarkers , Case-Control Studies , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Periodontal Index , Premature Birth
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 696-701, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888468

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of neonates with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS), and to provide a reference for optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical and follow-up data of 16 neonates with KMS who were admitted to the Anhui Children's Hospital, Anhui Medical University, from January 2016 to December 2020.@*RESULTS@#Of the 16 neonates, there were 13 boys (81%) and 3 girls (19%), with an age of 1 hour to 10 days on admission. Among these neonates, 13 (81%) had cutaneous hemangioma (2 in the head and face, 5 in the trunk, and 6 in the extremities) and 3 (19%) had liver hemangioma. The main clinical manifestations of bleeding tendency and scattered petechiae and ecchymosis were observed in 10 neonates (62%). All the 16 neonates had varying degrees of thrombocytopenia and coagulation disorders. They all received glucocorticoid treatment after admission and 7 (44%) of them had response, among whom 4 experienced recurrence. Among the neonates with no response to glucocorticoid treatment, 3 received sirolimus treatment, among whom 1 had the tumor volume reduced by 58.8% after 4 weeks of treatment, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal, while 2 had no significant reduction in tumor volume or significant increase in platelet count and achieved a tumor volume reduced by (43.7±0.4)% after 4 weeks of combined treatment with bleomycin arterial embolization, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal. After 4 weeks of bleomycin arterial embolization alone for 4 neonates, tumor volume was reduced by (52.0±3.4)%, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. Blunt and sharp dissection was performed for 2 neonates. The tumor was removed completely during surgery in the 2 neonates, with no infection or recurrence after surgery, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. The postoperative pathological examination showed Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma in 1 out of the 2 neonates.@*CONCLUSIONS@#KMS has characteristic clinical manifestations, histopathological features, and laboratory examination results. The KMS neonates who are not sensitive to glucocorticoids can achieve a good curative effect through arterial embolization and sirolimus treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Hemangioendothelioma , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Kaposi
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 127-133, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781623

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The role of local treatment in oligometastatic prostate cancer (PCa) is gaining interest with the oligometastases hypothesis proposed and the improvement of various surgical methods and techniques. This study aimed to compare the short-term therapeutic outcomes of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) for oligometastatic prostate cancer (OPC) vs. localized PCa using propensity score matching.@*METHODS@#Totally 508 consecutive patients underwent RALP as a first-line treatment. The patients were divided into two groups according to oligometastatic state: the OPC group (n = 41) or the localized PCa group (n = 467). Oligometastatic disease was defined as the presence of two or fewer suspicious lesions. The association between the oligometastatic state and therapeutic outcomes of RALP was evaluated, including biochemical recurrence (BCR) and overall survival (OS). A Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the possible risk factors for BCR.@*RESULTS@#Totally 41 pairs of patients were matched. The median operative time, the median blood loss, the overall positive surgical margin rate, the median post-operative hospital stays, and the post-operative urinary continence recovery rate between the two groups showed no statistical significance. The 4-year BCR survival rates of the OPC group and localized PCa group were 56.7% and 60.8%, respectively, without a significant difference (P = 0.804). The 5-year OS rates were 96.3% and 100%, respectively (P = 0.326). Additionally, the results of Cox regression showed that oligometastatic state was not an independent risk factor for BCR (P = 0.682).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings supported the safety and effectiveness of RALP in OPC. Additionally, oligometastatic state and sites did not have an adverse effect on BCR independently.

16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 759-764, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941172

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) or tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) stenosis. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, who underwent TAVR with follow-up time more than one year in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from April 2016 to August 2018, were included. According to aortic CT angiography, the patients were divided into BAV group and TAV group. The primary endpoint was the composite event of all-cause death and stroke, and the secondary endpoints were TAVR-related complications. Incidence of clinical endpoints and parameters derived from echocardiography were compared between the groups, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the composite event between the two groups. Results: A total of 49 patients were included. The age was (73.6±6.3) years, and 25(51.0%) were male. There were 32 patients in BAV group and 17 in TAV group, the follow-up time was 466 (390, 664) days. The incidence of composite endpoint of death and stroke at one year were comparable in BAV and TAV groups (6.3% (2/32) vs. 5.9% (1/17), P=1.00). Kaplan-Meier curves also showed a similar risk of the composite endpoint(HR=1.03,95%CI 0.09-11.24,Log-rank P=0.98) between two groups. The incidence of all-cause death, stroke, myocardial infarction, severe bleeding, major vascular complications, new-onset atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, and permanent pacemaker implantation were all similar between the two groups(all P>0.05), and there was no acute kidney injury (stage 2 or 3) in both groups. Echocardiographic parameters at one year were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The midterm prognosis of TAVR in patients with BAV and TAV stenosis is similar. Clinical trials of large sample size with long-term follow-up are warranted to verify our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 254-261, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828459

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the similarities and differences of early CT manifestations of three types of viral pneumonia induced by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19), SARS-CoV (SARS) and MERS-CoV (MERS) using a systemic review. Methods Electronic database were searched to identify all original articles and case reports presenting chest CT features for adult patients with COVID-19, SARS and MERS pneumonia respectively. Quality of literature and completeness of presented data were evaluated by consensus reached by three radiologists. Vote-counting method was employed to include cases of each group. Data of patients' manifestations in early chest CT including lesion patterns, distribution of lesions and specific imaging signs for the three groups were extracted and recorded. Data were compared and analyzed using SPSS 22.0. Results A total of 24 studies were included, composing of 10 studies of COVID-19, 5 studies of MERS and 9 studies of SARS. The included CT exams were 147, 40, and 122 respectively. For the early CT features of the 3 pneumonias, the basic lesion pattern with respect to "mixed ground glass opacity (GGO) and consolidation, GGO mainly, or consolidation mainly" was similar among the 3 groups (=7.966, >0.05). There were no significant differences on the lesion distribution (=13.053, >0.05) and predominate involvement of the subpleural area of bilateral lower lobes (=4.809, >0.05) among the 3 groups. The lesions appeared more focal in COVID-19 pneumonia at early phase (=23.509, <0.05). The proportions of crazy-paving pattern (=23.037, <0.001), organizing pneumonia pattern (<0.05) and pleural effusions (<0.001) in COVID-19 pneumonia were significantly lower than the other two. Although rarely shown in the early CT findings of all three viral pneumonias, the fibrotic changes were more frequent in SARS than COVID-19 and MERS (=6.275, <0.05). For other imaging signs, only the MERS pneumonia demonstrated tree-in-buds, cavitation, and its incidence rate of interlobular or intralobular septal thickening presented significantly increased as compared to the other two pneumonia (=22.412, <0.05). No pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum and lymphadenopathy was present for each group. Conclusions Imaging findings on early stage of these three coronavirus pneumonias showed similar basic lesion patterns, including GGO and consolidation, bilateral distribution, and predominant involvement of the subpleural area and the lower lobes. Early signs of COVID-19 pneumonia showed less severity of inflammation. Early fibrotic changes appeared in SARS only. MERS had more severe inflammatory changes including cavitation and pleural effusion. The differences may indicate the specific pathophysiological processes for each coronavirus pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1010-1015, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870916

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical, imaging features and pathogenic mutations in three cases of Gerstmann-Str?ussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) with ataxia.Methods:Since 2014, totally 137 probands with autosomal dominant or sporadic ataxia were treated in the Department of Neurology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital. They were screened for mutations in prion protein (PRNP) gene using next-generation sequencing. Spinocerebellar ataxia 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 12, 17 and dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy were excluded by capillary electrophoresis. Potential pathogenic variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. Pathogenicity assessment was interpreted according to the American College of Medical Genetics standards and guidelines. Clinical phenotypes and imaging features of patients were analyzed in detail.Results:Three pedigrees of GSS caused by PRNP gene variants were found. The probands of three pedigrees carried reported heterozygous missense mutation c.305C>T (p.P102L), all onset in adults. All of the three probands showed walking instability and dysarthria, additionally, the proband of pedigree 1 showed parkinsonian signs, the proband of pedigree 2 had cognitive impairment. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed cerebellar atrophy of different degrees in probands 2 and 3, while pallidum hyperintense signal in proband 1.Conclusions:GSS as a rare subtype of prion disease, could be characterized by cerebellar ataxia. For patients with ataxia, attention should be paid to GSS disease-causing gene mutations in genetic testing. Early diagnosis based on genetic testing will be instrumental in genetic counseling and birth defect intervention in pedigree members.

19.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 575-581, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870853

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and genetic characteristics of patients with CTA/CTG trinucleotide repeat expansion of ATXN8OS gene.Methods:The CTA/CTG trinucleotide repeats of ATXN8OS gene were detected in 1 689 spinocerebellar ataxia cases from Research Center for Movement Disorders and Neurogenetics, Department of Neurology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital in 2005—2017. The correlation between clinical phenotypes and expanded CTA/CTG repeats in the ATXN8OS gene of patients was studied carefully, and compared with 100 healthy controls.Results:Twenty-one patients with pathological CTA/CTG repeat expansion of ATXN8OS gene were collected. Eighteen of them carried the alleles with more than 80 repeats, whose common initial symptom was gait instability, followed by dysarthria and dysphagia with disease progression. Four of the 18 patients presented with head or truncal tremor. The other three patients carried the alleles with the repeats ranging from 70 to 79, whose initial symptom was walking instability, gradually appeared dysarthria, with no dysphagia or tremor. The repeat lengths ranged from 19 to 42 in the 100 healthy controls. The brain magnatic resonance imaging of almost all the patients showed moderate to severe cerebellar atrophy, and some patients with mild atrophy of the brainstem except one case with corpus callosum dysplasia.Conclusions:Most of the patients with CTA/CTG repeat expansion presented with ataxia and dysarthria. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed significant cerebellar atrophy, suggesting that the mutation is related to SCA8 gene.

20.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 285-293, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827356

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Nursing home (NH) residents with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) have unique resuscitation priorities. This study aimed to describe OHCA characteristics in NH residents and identify independent predictors of survival.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#OHCA cases between 2010-16 in the Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study were retrospectively analysed. Patients aged <18 years old and non-emergency cases were excluded. Primary outcome was survival at discharge or 30 days. Good neurological outcome was defined as a cerebral performance score between 1-2.@*RESULTS@#A total of 12,112 cases were included. Of these, 449 (3.7%) were NH residents who were older (median age 79 years, range 69-87 years) and more likely to have a history of stroke, heart and respiratory diseases. Fewer NH OHCA had presumed cardiac aetiology (62% vs 70%, <0.01) and initial shockable rhythm (8.9% vs 18%, <0.01), but had higher incidence of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (74% vs 43%, <0.01) and defibrillator use (8.5% vs 2.8%, <0.01). Non-NH (2.8%) residents had better neurological outcomes than NH (0.9%) residents ( <0.05). Factors associated with survival for cardiac aetiology included age <65 years old, witnessed arrest, bystander defibrillator use and initial shockable rhythm; for non-cardiac aetiology, these included witnessed arrest (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 3.8, <0.001) and initial shockable rhythm (AOR 5.7, <0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Neurological outcomes were poorer in NH survivors of OHCA. These findings should inform health policies on termination of resuscitation, advance care directives and do-not-resuscitate orders in this population.

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