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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3285-3295, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999076

ABSTRACT

The "toxicity" and safety of traditional Chinese medicines have been seriously concerned. Alkaloids are the main pharmacodynamic components of many kinds of traditional Chinese medicines, which show strong biological activity at low concentration. It will also cause toxic side effects but if used improperly. Some alkaloids are both active and toxic, and the safety of related traditional Chinese medicines is particularly noteworthy. The efficacy or toxicity of alkaloids may be the result of the combined action of parent compounds and metabolites, which is not only related to the structural types of compounds, but also has obvious species differences between humans and animals. This review focused on the alkaloids contained in the "toxic" traditional Chinese medicines that are officially recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the metabolism patterns of alkaloids with different structures as well as the enzymes involved were summarized and discussed by referencing the publications in recent two decades. The present study will be beneficial to the rational use of these traditional Chinese medicines in clinic.

2.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 291-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994667

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasonography and follow-up outcomes of hepatic venous outflow obstruction after liver transplantation(LT)in children.Methods:From July 2017 to January 2022, 32 children diagnosed with outflow tract obstruction post-LT are designated as HVOO group and examined by digital subtraction angiography(DSA).All of them underwent balloon dilation.Thirty cases with no vascular complications are selected as control group.Color Doppler blood flow parameters are recorded, including peak systolic velocity(PSV), peak diastolic velocity(PDV), PSV/PDV(S/D), resistive index(RI), portal vein velocity(PVV), hepatic vein velocity(HVV), hepatic vein waveform, anastomotic velocity and waveform.Intravascular pressure values of DSA within 48h are recorded.The correlations between color Doppler flow parameters and intravascular pressure values are examined before and after tube expansion.The differences of color Doppler flow parameters before tube expansion between HVOO and control groups are compared.And receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves are plotted for obtaining ultrasonic parameters' cut-off value.Patients with excellent recovery are selected for comparing the difference of color Doppler blood flow parameters before and after tube expansion and detect the trend of hemodynamics.Results:There is a positive correlation between anastomotic velocity of hepatic vein and inferior vena cava and DSA before and after tube expansion in HVOO group(r=0.483, 0.414, all P<0.05); S/D, RI and anastomotic velocity are higher in HVOO group than those in control group( Z=-3.275, P=0.001; t=3.437, P=0.001; Z=-5.677, P<0.01); PV and HVV are lower in HVOO group than those in control group( Z=-2.719, P=0.007; Z=-6.762, P<0.01); The waveforms of hepatic vein and anastomosis in HVOO group are mostly single-phase waves, accounting for 81.25%(26/32)and 53.12%(17/32).Control group is mostly of dual-phase wave.According to ROC curve analysis, area under curve(AUC)of HVV diagnosing HVOO is 0.996 with a critical value of 21.65 cm/s; AUC of hepatic vein anastomosis velocity is 0.92 with a critical value 162 cm/s and AUC of RI 0.76 with a critical value of 0.73.PVV and HVV values after tube expansion are higher than before tube expansion( Z=-2.233, P=0.026; Z=-4.45, P<0.01); Anastomotic velocity after tube expansion is lower than that before tube expansion( t=8.584, P<0.01).The waveforms of hepatic vein and anastomosis are mostly of single-phase waves(76.92%, 61.54%)before tube expansion and dual-phase wave(88.46%, 96.15%)after tube expansion. Conclusions:Color Doppler ultrasound is a preferred imaging modality for diagnosing HVOO and conducting postoperative follow-ups in children after LT because of its non-invasiveness, real-time, simplicity and rapidness.Furthermore, the diagnostic efficiencies of hepatic vein and anastomotic velocity are relatively high.

3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 608-613, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of postoperative hemodynamic changes in patients with early allograft dysfunction (EAD), and to provide clinical imaging support for the early diagnosis of EAD.Methods:A total of 907 patients who underwent liver transplantation in Tianjin First Central Hospital from December 2012 to June 2021 were retrospectively selected, and they were divided into EAD group (361 cases) and non-EAD group (546 cases) according to EAD diagnostic criteria. The peak systolic velocity(PSV) of the hepatic artery, end-diastolic velocity(EDV) of the hepatic artery, resistance index(RI), S/D(PSV/EDV), diameter of the portal vein(PVD), velocity of the portal vein(PVV), diameter of the middle hepatic vein(MHVD), velocity of the middle hepatic vein(MHVV), the diameter of the right hepatic vein(RHVD), and the velocity of the right hepatic vein (RHVV) were collected from 1 to 7 days after operation (a total of 5 573 ultrasound examination results), and the differences in ultrasound hemodynamic parameters were compared between the two groups. The correlation of S/D<2, PSV<25 cm/s, PVV<15 cm/s, MHVV or RHVV<15 cm/s within 3 days after operation with the occurence of EAO were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression analysis.Results:①The PSV and EDV of the hepatic artery in the EAD group and the non-EAD group showed a slow upward trend at 1-7 days after operation, while the hepatic artery RI and PVV showed a downward trend, the MHVV and RHVV did not fluctuate significantly. ②The hepatic artery in the EAD group showed low-resistance blood flow in the early postoperative period, and the EDV were significantly higher than that in the non-EAD group on 1 d, 2 d, 3 d and 5 d, RI was significantly lower than that of the non-EAD group (all P<0.05); At 4 d, 6 d and 7 d, there was no significant differences of EDV and RI between the two groups(all P>0.05). The PSV of the EAD group was higher than that of the non-EAD group on 3 d ( P<0.05). Among the parameters of portal vein blood flow, the PVV in the EAD group was significantly higher than that in the non-EAD group on 1 d ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference of PVD between the two groups at day 1-7. Among the parameters of hepatic venous blood flow, the MHVV and RHVV in the EAD group were significantly lower than those in the non-EAD group (all P<0.05), there was no significant difference between the two groups of MHVD and RHVD at 1-7 days. ③The incidence of grafted hepatic artery S/D<2 within 3 days after operation in EAD group was higher than that in non-EAD group. Binary Logistic regression multivariate analysis showed that the occurrence of grafted hepatic artery S/D<2 within 3 days after operation was significantly correlated with the occurrence of EAD[Exp(B)=1.878, P<0.05]. Conclusions:Patients who develop EAD after liver transplantation show low-resistance blood flow in the hepatic artery during the perioperative period, and the occurrence of hepatic artery S/D<2 within 3 days after operation can early predict the occurrence of EAD.

4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 802-811, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze clinical data of patients under 40 years old who underwent surgical treatment for renal tumors with tumor thrombus from January 2016 to December 2022 at Peking University Third Hospital, and to evaluate the surgical effect and investigate the relationship between clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 young patients with renal tumor thrombus were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinicopathological features and prognosis were summarized. The patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of symptoms, 2017 American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) clinical stage, and postoperative combined adjuvant therapy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot the survival curve, and Log-rank test was used to compare the differences in postoperative survival time and progression-free survival time between the different groups. The relationship between clinicopathological features and prognosis was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the 17 patients received venous tumor thrombectomy, including 16 patients (94.1%) who underwent radical nephrectomy and 1 patient (5.9%) who underwent partial nephrectomy. Twelve patients (70.6%) had symptoms and 5 (29.4%) had no symptoms before operation. A total of 17 renal tumors were observed, with 2 patients (11.8%) identified as benign and 15 patients (88.2%) classified as malignant. Among the malignant tumors, 1 patient (6.7%) was diagnosed as clear cell carcinoma, while the remaining 14 patients (93.3%) were categorized as non-clear cell carcinoma. In terms of tumor stage, 8 patients (53.3%) were classified as stage Ⅲ according to the AJCC classification, while 7 patients (46.7%) were categorized as stage Ⅳ. Additionally, 6 patients (40%) received multiple adjuvant therapy, while 9 patients (60%) did not undergo such treatment. The follow-up period ranged from 2 to 78 months, with a median follow-up of 41 months. During this time, 3 patients (20%) died. The median survival time after surgery was 39.0 (2.3, 77.8) months, and the progression-free survival time was 16.4 (2.3, 77.8) months. There was no significant difference in postoperative survival time and progression-free survival time among young patients with renal tumor with tumor thrombus, based on the presence of symptoms before surgery (P=0.307, P=0.302), clinical stage of AJCC (P=0.340, P=0.492), and postoperative adjuvant therapy (P=0.459, P=0.253) group.@*CONCLUSION@#The pathological types of young patients with renal tumor with tumor thrombus are more complex and varied due to symptoms, and the proportion of non-clear cell carcinoma in malignant tumor with tumor thrombus is higher. Symptomatic and non-clear cell carcinoma may be potentially associated with poor prognosis. Surgical operation combined with adjuvant therapy is a relatively safe and effective treatment for young patients with renal tumor and tumor thrombus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Thrombosis/surgery , Thrombectomy/methods , Nephrectomy/methods
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2471-2479, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981323

ABSTRACT

In order to comprehensively evaluate the quality of Viticis Fructus, this study established HPLC fingerprints and evaluated the quality of 24 batches of Viticis Fructus samples from different species by similarity evaluation and multivariate statistical analysis(PCA, HCA, PLS-DA). On this basis, an HPLC method was established to compare the content differences of the main components, including casticin, agnuside, homoorientin, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid. The analysis was performed on the chromatographic column(Waters Symmetry C_(18)) with a gradient mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-0.05% phosphoric acid solution(B) at the flow rate of 1 mL·min~(-1) and detection wavelength of 258 nm. The column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 10 μL. The HPLC fingerprint of 24 batches of Viticis Fructus samples was established with 21 common peaks, and nine peaks were identified. Similarity analysis was carried out based on chromatographic data of 24 batches of chromatographic data of Viticis Fructus, and the results showed that except for DYMJ-16, the similarity of Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia was ≥0.900, while that of V. trifolia was ≤0.864. In addition, the similarity analysis of two different species showed that the similarity of 16 batches of V. trifolia var. simplicifolia was 0.894-0.997 and that of the eight batches of V. trifolia was between 0.990 and 0.997. The results showed that the similarity of fingerprints of these two species was different, but the similarity between the same species was good. The results of the three multivariate statistical analyses were consistent, which could distinguish the two different species. The VIP analysis results of PLS-DA showed that casticin and agnuside contributed the most to the distinction. The content determination results showed that there was no significant difference in the content of homoorientin and p-hydroxybenzoic acid in Viticis Fructus from different species, but the content of casticin and agnuside was significantly different in different species(P<0.01). The content of casticin was higher in V. trifolia var. simplicifolia, while agnuside was higher in V. trifolia. The findings of this study show that there are differences in fingerprint similarity and component content of Viticis Fructus from different species, which can provide references for the in-depth study of the quality and clinical application of Viticis Fructus.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Fruit/chemistry , Vitex/chemistry
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 191-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975172

ABSTRACT

The incidence of spontaneous abortion (SAB) has been increasing year by year, and its etiology is complex, with limited treatment options, which poses a serious threat to social stability. The "disease-syndrome-therapy" research model can significantly improve the clinical efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for preventing miscarriage, but there has always been a lack of key and recognized diagnostic and treatment evaluation markers, which need to be further explored to establish a scientific and unified evaluation standard system. It is proposed to collect existing "disease-syndrome-therapy" SAB animal models, transplant and improve the model evaluation indicators, evaluate the degree of match between SAB animal models and the clinical characteristics of TCM and Western medicine diseases and syndromes, and compare the advantages and disadvantages of different SAB animal models in terms of construction methods, target selection, and evaluation indicators. In addition, the frontiers of TCM experimental research will be explored. In view of the current status and related bottlenecks of molecular biomarkers research on SAB TCM animal models, a single-cell multimodal omics research strategy will be proposed to break through the related evaluation defects of the "disease-syndrome-therapy" SAB and analyze the differences in various cell types, cell subpopulations, spatiotemporal trajectories, and gene expression in the mother-fetal interface tissue at the single-cell level. This will provide accurate guidance and model animal platform support for the in-depth study of disease-syndrome models, Zang-fu biology, and novel targeted drugs. It will also provide a basis for establishing a stable and repeatable "disease-syndrome-therapy" SAB animal model and evaluation indicator system, which is beneficial for the long-term development of TCM reproductive animal model research.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 238-243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970781

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the normal process of tooth development of C57BL/6 mouse strain by using micro-CT for better understanding about the tooth development of the human being and other species. Methods: A total of 54 C57BL/6 mice were used at postnatal day 1 (P1), P3, P7, P10, P14, P21, P28, P42 and P56 (n=6 for each age group). After euthanasia, the skulls and alveolar bones (with molars) were isolated and scanned by micro-CT scanner. After three dimensional reconstruction, the developmental status of the crown and root(s) for each tooth type was examined in different views. Results: The tooth development of mice from birth to mature (P56) could be divided into three stages. The first stage was from P1 to P14, in which the crowns of all the first, second and third molars had formed, while the roots had not fully developed yet. The second stage was from ablactation (P21) to P28, in which all the roots of the molars had reached their normal length, and the apical foramens had closed. Due to the mastication and occlusal abrasion, the incisors exhibited sharp cutting edges at the buccal enamel layer, and the corresponding molars formed a pit-to-fossa articulated relationship. The third stage was from P42 to P56, in which the root canal differentiation occurred, and 1-2 canal configuration was formed in several flat roots. The development of molar roots had completed and the apexes were enlarged due to the deposition of cementum around. Conclusions: In the process of mouse tooth development, the mineralization of the cusps, followed by crown formation and roots elongation, was precisely regulated in a spatial-temporal pattern. The incisors and the molars exhibited different modes of development.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 689-693, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965802

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the correlation between xanthelasma palpebrarum(XP)and the genetic factor of hypercholesterolemia and provide a basis for the elucidation of the pathogenesis of xanthelasma palpebrarum.METHODS: A total of 29 patients with XP who treated in the ophthalmology department of Foshan Sanshui District People's Hospital from November 2019 to January 2021 were selected. Peripheral blood was drawn, and the Next Generation Sequencing(NGS)technology was used to detect the genetic mutations of patients, while blood lipids of XP patients were analyzed.RESULTS: Gene mutations were detected in 21 patients with XP, among which 13 cases had hypercholesterolemia and 8 cases had normal cholesterol levels. Genes including STAP1, APOB, LDLRAP1, LDLR, PCSK9 and APOE mutated, and the types of gene mutation included 3-UTR mutation, in-frame deletion, missense mutation, 5-UTR mutation, synonymous mutation, intronic mutation, alternative splice variant, non coding transcript exon variant, and non coding transcript variant.CONCLUSION: There is a correlation between genetic factors of hypercholesterolemia and XP.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1704-1708, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991225

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of online and offline mixed teaching based on DingTalk platform in clinical practice teaching of respiratory department.Methods:The Batch 2016 ( n= 40) and Batch 2017 ( n=47) undergraduates of clinical medicine in Qiqihar Medical College were selected as the research objects, and they were divided into a control group and a research group. The control group adopted traditional offline theoretical teaching, while the research group adopted online-offline mixed teaching, focusing on teaching design and teaching objectives, teaching subjects, teaching resources, network platforms and teaching activities (classroom learning and evaluation). The theoretical and practical test scores of the two groups of interns were compared, and the evaluations of the students in the research group on the effect of online and offline mixed teaching were collected. Excel 2013 was used to sort out the data, and R software was used for data processing and statistical analysis. T-test was used for measurement data and Chi-square test was used for counting data. Results:The operational test scores [(28.16±1.70) points] and theoretical scores [(82.07±6.40) points] of the students in the study group were higher than those in the control group [(23.35±2.88) points and (76.20±5.67) points], with significant differences ( P<0.001). Compared with the students in the control group, the students in the research group were more satisfied with the mixed teaching method. Conclusion:The online and offline mixed teaching is conducive to improving students' comprehensive performance, learning effect, and promoting students' clinical diagnosis and treatment skills, self-study, innovation abilities and clinical competence.

10.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 57-61, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987451

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the moderating effect of psychological resilience in relation to depressive symptoms and suicidal risk among adolescents. MethodsThe research is a descriptive survey. A total of 71 137 adolescents were selected from 163 schools in Deyang by stratified cluster sampling. Their psychological resilience, depressive symptoms and suicide risks were measured oneline by using 10-item Connor-davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RICS-10), Patients’ Health Questionnaire Depression Scale-9 item (PHQ-9) and Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised (SBQ-R). The moderating effect of psychological resilience in relation to depressive symptoms and suicidal risk was examined by multivariate stratified regression analysis. Results① The score of CD-RISC-10 was negatively related to PHQ-9 score and SBQ-R score (r=-0.305, -0.268, P<0.01). ② Psychological resilience significantly moderated the relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidal risk (β=-0.100, t=-31.716, P<0.01). ③ In both male and female adolescents, resilience played a significant role in depressive symptoms and suicide risk (β=-0.086, -0.084, t=-17.502, -18.839, P<0.01). ConclusionPsychological resilience could significantly alleviate the impact of high-level depressive symptoms on suicidal risk among adolescents, and this effects both male and female adolescents.

11.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 340-346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986519

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a druggability evaluation method for new targets of anti-tumor drugs by analyzing the mutation genes of common tumors in the digestive system. Methods We collected the mutant gene data of the five common tumors of the digestive system (esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer and pancreatic cancer) in the Integrative Onco Genomics database, and screened out the genes with higher mutation rates in each tumor. We evaluated the druggability of these genes or their encoded proteins, and discovered the potential targets for the new anti-tumor drugs. Results A total of five tumors, 35 cohorts and 5445 tumor samples were collected in this study. The top 10 mutation genes were selected for further analysis. The canSAR database was used to analyze the druggability of unpublished mutant genes or their encoded proteins, and a total of 17 potential therapeutic drug targets were screened out. Conclusion A method for evaluating druggability of targets based on mutant genes or their encoded protein is established in this study. The application of this method can provide a reference for discovering new anti-tumor therapeutic target, saving the cost and time of target screening in new drug development.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 768-771, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934751

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze household determinants of adolescents non suicidal self injury(NSSI), and to provide scientific basis for NSSI intervention amogn adolescents.@*Methods@#Using stratified random cluster sampling method, 15 623 middle school students aged 11-20 were selected from Heilongjiang, Anhui, Hubei, Yunnan, and Guangdong provinces, and non suicidal self injury and related household determinants were investigated by questionnaire.@*Results@#The survey showed that 28.8% of people who had NSSI in the past year accounted;among them,17.6% had 1-4 times(occasional self injury) and 11.2% had 5 times or more(repeated self injury) univariate results showed that whether they were an only child, family type, educational level of the main caregiver, family rearing style, family monthly income per capita, and whether there was a family history of mental illness was associated with adolescents NSSI ( χ 2=6.30-12.16, P <0.05); multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that whether one child or family parenting style is still significantly related to occasional NSSI( OR =1.11,1.34, P <0.05)after controlling for gender, age, grade, ethnicity, emotional control, resilience, loneliness and social support; whether it is an only child, educational level of the main caregiver and family parenting style are still significantly related to repeated NSSI ( OR =1.19,0.69,1.57, P <0.05); stratified analysis by region shows that the influencing factors of NSSI in adolescents in each region are different.@*Conclusion@#Family factors such as the only child and the education level of the main caregiver may be related to the occurrence of adolescents NSSI, but there are regional differences in the family impact of NSSI.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 865-871, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956664

ABSTRACT

Objective:To obtain the normal reference range of ultrasound hemodynamic parameters after liver transplantation through big data query and statistical analysis, and to analyze its influencing factors.Methods:The clinical liver transplantation Ultrasound Image Database Software V1.0 developed by Tianjin First Center Hospital was used to query adult patients after liver transplantation from December 2012 to June 2021. The ultrasonic hemodynamic parameters including the diameter of portal vein (PVD), the flow velocity of portal vein (PVV), the peak flow velocity of hepatic artery (S), the end diastolic flow velocity of hepatic artery (D), the S/D of hepatic artery, the resistance index of hepatic artery (RI), the diameter of middle hepatic vein (MHVD), the flow velocity of middle hepatic vein (MHVV), the diameter of right hepatic vein (RHVD), the flow velocity of right hepatic vein (RHVV), in the first day (1D), the seventh day (7D), the first month (1M), the sixth month (6M), the first year (1Y), the fifth year (5Y) and the tenth year (10Y) after operation were analyzed statistically, and the 95% reference value range of each parameter was obtained.Results:A total of 1 740 patients with 12 242 monitoring results after adult liver transplantation were included, and the longest follow-up time was 22 years. There was no significant change in PVD. PVV decreased slightly from postoperative 1D to long-term follow-up. The S and D of hepatic artery were the highest in group 7D after liver transplantation, and then decreased gradually with the extension of postoperative time. Hepatic artery S/D was the lowest in group 7D after operation, with the extension of monitoring time after liver transplantation, it showed an upward trend, but fluctuated. Hepatic artery RI was the highest in postoperative 1D group, and fluctuated with the extension of monitoring time after liver transplantation. There was no significant change in MHVD and RHVD.MHVV and RHVV were the highest in group 7D after liver transplantation, with the extension of postoperative monitoring time, they showed a decreasing trend and fluctuated. The normal range of each parameter was estimated according to the range of 95% medical reference value. The influencing factors of blood flow monitoring of transplanted liver were analyzed, including the various factors in perioperative period, the surgery, the primary disease before operation, the source of donor, the postoperative infection, rejection, drug damage, individual differences and so on.Conclusions:This study obtains the trend of each parameter with the extension of follow-up time and the reference value range of each parameter after liver transplantation, which is of great clinical significance for early detection and diagnosis of postoperative vascular complications. However, the blood flow after adult liver transplantation is affected by many factors. In clinical monitoring, it is necessary to make judgment combined with the individual state of patients and conduct dynamic follow-up.

14.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 785-790, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956656

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between Doppler ultrasound parameters and pressure gradient of portal vein in pediatric liver transplant patients, and to analyze the diagnostic value of Doppler ultrasound for portal vein stenosis.Methods:This retrospective study involved the data from 92 pediatric liver transplant patients in Tianjin First Central Hospital from June 2014 to September 2021, who underwent pressure gradient measurement. The collected ultrasonic parameters included the diameter and flow velocity of the native portal vein, the portal vein anastomosis, and the donor portal vein. The anastomotic stenosis rate=(the native portal vein diameter–the portal vein anastomosis diameter)/the native portal vein diameter, the velocity ratio=the portal vein anastomosis velocity /the native portal vein velocity, the velocity difference=the portal vein anastomosis velocity–the native portal vein velocity. According to the diagnostic standard of portal vein stenosis, pressure gradient more than 5 mmHg was the portal vein stenosis group, and the pressure gradient less than 5 mmHg was the non-stenosis group. The correlation and differences between ultrasonic parameters and pressure gradient were analyzed. ROC curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of each parameter.Results:Firstly, there was a positive correlation between pressure gradient and the portal vein anastomosis velocity, the velocity difference and the velocity ratio ( r=0.521, 0.531, 0.417; all P<0.001). And there was a negative correlation between pressure gradient and the anastomotic diameter ( r=-0.284, P=0.004). Secondly, the portal vein anastomotic velocity, velocity difference and velocity ratio in stenosis group were significantly higher than those in non-stenosis group [135.5(111.0, 169.0)cm/s vs 103.7(72.9, 118.7)cm/s, (112.2±40.3)cm/s vs (67.9±30.5)cm/s, 5.56(3.73, 7.26) vs 3.85(2.78, 4.70); all P≤0.001]; Furthermore, by ROC curve analysis, the cut-off value, the area under the ROC curve, Jordan index, accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of each parameter for the diagnosis of portal vein stenosis were: the anastomotic velocity 124.5 cm/s, 0.814, 0.592, 80.0%, 65.5% and 93.7%; velocity ratio 5.67, 0.760, 0.488, 73.0%, 48.8% and 100%; velocity difference 107.25 cm/s, 0.797, 0.511, 76.0%, 51.9% and 100%. Conclusions:The anastomosis velocity, velocity difference and velocity ratio of portal vein in pediatric liver transplant patients are correlated with the pressure gradient, and there is higher accuracy and specificity of each parameter for diagnosing portal vein stenosis, but the sensitivity is slightly lower.

15.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 612-619, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956634

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of combinational elastography in the dynamic quantitative evaluation of liver transplantation.Methods:From April to December 2019 in Tianjin First Central Hospital, 27 cases of the liver transplant patients and donors were examined by shear wave elastography and real-time tissue elastography, respectively on donor preoperative within 24 h and postoperative day 1, day 7, in order to obtain liver elastic modulus E, measured average relative strain value (MEAN), the index activity (A) and acoustic attenuation measurement (ATT), and to obtain pathologic specimens during operation, including: hydropic degeneration, inflammation, necrosis, steatosis. AST, ALT, TB, DB were detected by automatic biochemistry analyzeron postoperative day 1, day 7. Correlation analysis was performed for pathological parameters and ultrasonic parameters, E, MEAN, A, ATT were selected to plot ROC curve, to analyze ultrasonic parameters′ cut-off value and area under the curve(AUC). According to the pathological signs donor liver were divided into no or mildhydropic group and moderate-to-severehydropic group, non-inflammation group and inflammation group, non-steatosis group and steatosis group. Ultrasonic parameters of donor liver were compared between the two groups, and differences in liver function and ultrasonic parameters on postoperative day 7 were analyzed between the two groups. The change trends of ultrasonic parameters were analyzed from preoperative donor liver to postoperative day 1, day 7 of recipient. The changes of liver function were analyzed from the first day to 7th days. Correlation analysis was performed for liver function and ultrasonic parameters respectively on postoperative day 1, day 7.Results:①Correlation of the ultrasonic parameters of donor liver preoperative within 24 h and pathological parameters: E value and hydropic degeneration and inflammation of pathological signs were significantly and positively correlated( rs=0.597, 0.497; all P<0.05); MEAN and hydropic degeneration and inflammation of pathological signs were significantly and negatively correlated( rs=-0.601, -0.584; all P<0.05); A and inflammation of pathological signs was significantly and positively correlated( rs=0.452, P=0.016); ATT and steatosis of pathological signs was significantly and positively correlated ( rs=0.564, P=0.006). ②The differences of ultrasonic parameters of donor liver preoperative within 24h: E value of moderate-to-severehydropic group was significantly higher than that of the no or mild hydropicgroup ( P<0.001), MEAN value of moderate-to-severehydropic group was significantly lower than that of the no or mildhydropicgroup( P<0.001). E value of inflammation group was higher than that of non-inflammation group ( P=0.012), MEAN value of inflammation group was lower than that of non-inflammation group ( P=0.026). ATT of steatosis group was higher than that of non-steatosis group ( P=0.006). ③The ROC curve indicated that AUCs of E and MEAN diagnosing hydropic degeneration were 0.882, 0.875, and the critical value were respectively 8.72 kPa, 106.62; the AUC of diagnosing inflammation was 0.898, the critical values was 1.26; the AUC of diagnosing steatosis liver was 0.868, the critical value was 0.515 dB·cm -1·MHz -1. ④There were no statistically significant differences in liver function and ultrasonic parameters on postoperative day 7 between no or mildhydropic group and moderate-to-severehydropic group(all P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in liver function and ultrasonic parameters on postoperative day 7 between non-inflammation group and inflammation group(all P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in liver function and ultrasonic parameters on postoperative day 7 between non-steatosis and steatosis group (all P>0.05). ⑤E and A values of postoperative day 1 were higher than those of preoperative donor liver and postoperative day 7(all P<0.05), MEAN value of postoperative day 1 was lower than those of preoperative donor liver and postoperative day 7(all P<0.05). ATT of postoperative day 1 was lower than that of preoperative donor liver( P=0.027). ⑥ALT, AST, TB, DB of postoperative day 7 were lower than that of postoperative day 1, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). ⑦On postoperative day 1: E value and ALT, AST, TB, DB were significantly and positively correlated( r=0.641, 0.673, 0.601, 0.575; all P<0.05); MEAN value and ALT, AST were significantly and negatively correlated( r=-0.690, -0.703; all P<0.001); A value and ALT, AST were significantly and positively correlated( r=0.459, 0.442; all P<0.05). On postoperative day 7: E value and ALT, AST, TB, DB were significantly and positively correlated ( r=0.616, 0.729, 0.505, 0.640; all P<0.05); MEAN value and ALT, AST were significantly and negatively correlated( r=-0.602, -0.585; all P<0.05); A value and ALT, AST were significantly and positively correlated( r=0.411, 0.495; all P<0.05). Conclusions:Combinational elastography can dynamically and quantitatively assess the hardness, inflammation, steatosis of liver transplantation, and ultrasonic parameters correlate significantly with pathological and liver function, and provides a certain imaging basis for clinical evaluation of liver quality.

16.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 409-416, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939559

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The aim was to study the prevalence of burnout among various groups of healthcare professionals in Singapore.@*METHODS@#An anonymous online survey questionnaire was conducted using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services to measure three categories of burnout: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and personal accomplishment (PA) from July 2019 to January 2020 in a healthcare cluster in Singapore.@*RESULTS@#The survey was completed by 6,048 healthcare professionals out of a target survey population of 15,000 (response rate 40.3%). The study revealed 37.8% of respondents had high EE score ≥27, 29.7% of respondents had high DP score ≥10, and 55.3% of respondents had low PA score ≤33. Respondents with either high EE score or high DP score constituted 43.9% (n=2,654). The Allied Health group had the highest mean EE score, which was significantly higher than those of Medical, Nursing and Non-clinical groups (P<0.05). The Medical group had the highest mean DP score and this was significantly higher than the Nursing, Allied Health and Non-clinical groups (P<0.05). The Non-clinical group had the lowest PA, which was significantly lower than the Medical, Nursing and Allied Health groups (P<0.005).@*CONCLUSION@#There was high prevalence of burnout among healthcare professionals in Singapore, especially the allied health professionals. There were significant differences in the 3 categories of burnout (EE, DP and PA) among the different groups of healthcare professionals. There is an urgent need to address the high burnout rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Delivery of Health Care , Health Personnel/psychology , Prevalence , Singapore/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1506-1511, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide the basis for integration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and medical care in cities by taking the elderly care workers in Pudong New District of Shanghai as a sample, investigate the current situation of cognition, training demand and willing to supply among them, promote training of TCM and medical care.Methods:From May to July 2019, nine long-term care facilities were conveniently selected around traditional Chinese medicine hospital Y in Pudong New Area, Shanghai, and 134 elderly care workers were randomly surveyed to understand the basic situation of the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine services. Awareness, training demand and willing to supply are statistically analyzed using χ2 test to analyze their influencing factors. Results:A total of 134 elderly care workers in nine long-term care facilities were investigated by convenient method, only 37.3% (50/134) didn′t know about Traditional Chinese Medicine Characteristic Services, but 71.6% (96/134) need training. There were significant differences in the scores of cognition of the elderly care workers between different gender, age, education level, working experiences ( χ2 values were 9.512-28.057,respectively, all P<0.05), There were significant differences in the scores of training demand of the elderly care workers between different gender, age, education level ( χ2 values were 10.425, 10.569, 13.088,respectively,all P<0.05). Among the Chinese medical items, In the training needs, the daily rhythm of daily life (3.82±0.67), the classification, characteristics and efficacy of food (3.38±0.73), the common used traditional Chinese medicine (3.23±0.84), the relationship between emotion and health (3.32±0.65), exercise and health care method (3.47±0.58), acupoint massage (3.50±0.72) in the traditional Chinese appropriate technique has higher score. In terms of willing to supply, cupping in suitable techniques of Chinese medicine (3.31±0.79) had the highest score, other items with higher scores were similar to training needs. Conclusions:The awareness of the traditional Chinese medicine service of the elderly workers needs to be improved. It is necessary to strengthen the training and promotion of key projects such as daily health care, diet care, acupoint massage, sports health care, etc, and increase the training of Chinese medicine professionals. Strengthen and increase the participation rate of integrated medical, medical and nursing services.

18.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1150-1153, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907130

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the applicability of semi-quantitative comprehensive index method in occupational health risk assessment in domestic waste incineration industry. MethodsThe flue gas purification system in a domestic waste incineration plant was selected as the study subject. The risk assessment of chemical hazards were conducted using semi-quantitative comprehensive index method in the “Guidelines for occupational health risk assessment of chemicals in the workplace” (GBZ/T 298—2017). ResultsThe occupational health risk levels of hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide and activated carbon were low while using flue gas purification system, while the risk levels of lead and lead compounds, cadmium and cadmium compounds, ammonia and sodium hydroxide were medium. ConclusionThe assessment results of semi-quantitative comprehensive index method are basically consistent with the current situation of occupational health risk of flue gas purification system in a domestic waste incineration plant, which can provide the basis for enterprises to take occupational health risk control measures.

19.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1150-1153, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907107

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the applicability of semi-quantitative comprehensive index method in occupational health risk assessment in domestic waste incineration industry. MethodsThe flue gas purification system in a domestic waste incineration plant was selected as the study subject. The risk assessment of chemical hazards were conducted using semi-quantitative comprehensive index method in the “Guidelines for occupational health risk assessment of chemicals in the workplace” (GBZ/T 298—2017). ResultsThe occupational health risk levels of hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide and activated carbon were low while using flue gas purification system, while the risk levels of lead and lead compounds, cadmium and cadmium compounds, ammonia and sodium hydroxide were medium. ConclusionThe assessment results of semi-quantitative comprehensive index method are basically consistent with the current situation of occupational health risk of flue gas purification system in a domestic waste incineration plant, which can provide the basis for enterprises to take occupational health risk control measures.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 76-82, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the quality evaluation method of Cyperi Rhizoma processed with four excipients. Method:Ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) fingerprints of raw products and processed products with four excipients of Cyperi Rhizoma were established, and the changes of chemical components in the fingerprints before and after processing were compared by chemometric analysis. The mobile phase was consisted of methanol (A)-water (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 5%-40%A; 10-30 min, 40%-70%A; 30-40 min, 70%A) at a flow rate of 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. The injection volume was 3 μL, the column temperature was 35 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 280 nm. The content changes of main index components in Cyperi Rhizoma before and after processing were compared by UPLC. The mobile phase was methanol-water (75∶25) and the detection wavelength was 242 nm. Result:Processing with four excipients had a significant impact on the overall characteristics of chemical components in the fingerprint of Cyperi Rhizoma. A total of 28 characteristic peaks were identified in fingerprints of the raw and processed products. Among them, peaks 1, 2 and 4 were specific peaks of the processed products, peak 5 was characteristic peak of the raw products. Peak 2 was identified as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, peak 24 as cyperenone and peak 27 as <italic>α</italic>-cyperone. The 5-hydroxymethylfurfural produced by the processing with four excipients came from rice vinegar, rice wine and Maillard reaction of polysaccharides in Cyperi Rhizoma. The results of determination showed that there was no significant difference in the content of cyperenone after processing, but the content of <italic>α</italic>-cyperone decreased significantly. Conclusion:In the process of Cyperi Rhizoma processed with four excipients, there are new components produced by structural transformation, which are accompanied by changes in the content of index components. In this study, the quality of raw and processed products of Cyperi Rhizoma can be rapidly and effectively evaluated from qualitative and quantitative aspects.

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