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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2471-2479, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981323

ABSTRACT

In order to comprehensively evaluate the quality of Viticis Fructus, this study established HPLC fingerprints and evaluated the quality of 24 batches of Viticis Fructus samples from different species by similarity evaluation and multivariate statistical analysis(PCA, HCA, PLS-DA). On this basis, an HPLC method was established to compare the content differences of the main components, including casticin, agnuside, homoorientin, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid. The analysis was performed on the chromatographic column(Waters Symmetry C_(18)) with a gradient mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-0.05% phosphoric acid solution(B) at the flow rate of 1 mL·min~(-1) and detection wavelength of 258 nm. The column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 10 μL. The HPLC fingerprint of 24 batches of Viticis Fructus samples was established with 21 common peaks, and nine peaks were identified. Similarity analysis was carried out based on chromatographic data of 24 batches of chromatographic data of Viticis Fructus, and the results showed that except for DYMJ-16, the similarity of Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia was ≥0.900, while that of V. trifolia was ≤0.864. In addition, the similarity analysis of two different species showed that the similarity of 16 batches of V. trifolia var. simplicifolia was 0.894-0.997 and that of the eight batches of V. trifolia was between 0.990 and 0.997. The results showed that the similarity of fingerprints of these two species was different, but the similarity between the same species was good. The results of the three multivariate statistical analyses were consistent, which could distinguish the two different species. The VIP analysis results of PLS-DA showed that casticin and agnuside contributed the most to the distinction. The content determination results showed that there was no significant difference in the content of homoorientin and p-hydroxybenzoic acid in Viticis Fructus from different species, but the content of casticin and agnuside was significantly different in different species(P<0.01). The content of casticin was higher in V. trifolia var. simplicifolia, while agnuside was higher in V. trifolia. The findings of this study show that there are differences in fingerprint similarity and component content of Viticis Fructus from different species, which can provide references for the in-depth study of the quality and clinical application of Viticis Fructus.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Fruit/chemistry , Vitex/chemistry
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1713-1721, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978730

ABSTRACT

italic>Fusarium oxysporum widely exists in farmland soil and is one of the main pathogenic fungi of root rot, which seriously affects the growth and development of plants and often causes serious losses of cash crops. In order to screen out natural compounds that inhibit the activity of Fusarium oxysporum more economically and efficiently, random forest, support vector machine and artificial neural network based on machine learning algorithms were constructed using the information of known inhibitory compounds in ChEMBL database in this study. And the antibacterial activity of the screened drugs was verified thereafter. The results showed that the prediction accuracy of the three models reached 77.58%, 83.03% and 81.21%, respectively. Based on the inhibition experiment, the best inhibition effect (MIC = 0.312 5 mg·mL-1) of ononin was verified. The virtual screening method proposed in this study provides ideas for the development and creation of new pesticides derived from natural products, and the screened ononin is expected to be a potential lead compound for the development of novel inhibitors of Fusarium oxysporum.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 311-315, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 children with B-cell ALL (B-ALL) were diagnosed and systematically treated according to Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG) -ALL 2008 in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016. The 108 patients were divided into two groups according to the result of mutiplex polymerase chain reaction: group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement and group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. The ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement were all treated by CCLG-ALL 2008 high-risk group (HR) regimens, and the ALL children in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement received different intensity chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification.@*RESULTS@#Five (4 male and 1 female) out of 108 patients with B-ALL had P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. In the 5 B-ALL patients with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, the median age of the was 4 (2-6) years old and the median WBC count was 26.2 (2.46-525.1)×10@*CONCLUSION@#The early treatment response and prognosis of ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement are worse, and more effective protocol is needed for this subtype patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Disease-Free Survival , Gene Rearrangement , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Receptors, Cytokine/genetics , Receptors, Purinergic P2Y/genetics
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 49-55, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect and safety of Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG)-ALL 2008 (high risk group) protocol in the treatment with childhood Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 new diagnosed patients with MPAL treated in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and received CCLG-ALL 2008 (high risk group) protocol chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#One patient gave up treatment after diagnosed, and 14 children with MPAL after induction remission chemotherapy, 3 patients gave up, and 5 patients received consolidation chemotherapy, and 6 patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The complete remission (CR) rate was 85.7% at d33 of induction remission chemotherapy. The serious adverse event and treatment-related mortality (TRM) rate was 71.4% and 14.3%, respectively. The recurrence rate was 21.4% and the median time of relapse was 12(9.7-18.4) months. Except for 4 patients who gave up treatment, the 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate in the other 11 patients was (54.5±15.0)%. The 5 years EFS of 4 patients who received consolidation chemotherapy was significantly lower than the 6 patients who received allo-HSCT after CR (25.0%±21.7% vs 83.3%±15.2%, P=0.033).@*CONCLUSION@#The CCLG-ALL2008 (for high-risk group) protocol in treatment of children with MPAL can get a high CR rate, but also with a high incidence of SAE. The patients received allo-HSCT after CR may have a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Phenotype , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1310-1316, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878104

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Epigenetics, especially DNA methylation, plays an important role in the pathogenesis of primary Sjogren syndrome (pSS). Our study aimed to reveal the role of DNA methylation in peripheral monocytes of pSS patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 11 pSS patients and five age-matched healthy controls (HCs) were included in this study. Monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells using magnetic microbeads. DNA methylation profiles were generated using Human Methylation 850K BeadChips.@*RESULTS@#In monocytes from pSS patients, we identified 2819 differentially methylated positions (DMPs), comprising 1977 hypomethylated- and 842 hypermethylated-DMPs, corresponding to 1313 unique genes when compared with HCs. IFI44L, MX1, PAARP9, and IFITM1, which influence the interferon (IFN) signaling pathway, were among the genes hypomethylated in pSS. Functional analysis of genes with a minimum of two DMPs showed involvement in antigen binding, transcriptional regulation, cell adhesion, IFN-γ pathway, type I IFN pathway, antigen presentation, Epstein-Barr virus infection, human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 virus infection, and metabolic disease-related pathways. In addition, patients with higher serum IgG levels exhibited enrichment in Notch signaling and metabolic-related pathways. Upon comparing monocytes with salivary gland epithelial cells, an important overlap was observed in the cell cycle, cell senescence, and interleukin-17 signaling pathways. The differentially methylated genes were more enriched in the ribosome- and AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB autoantibodies double-positive patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling revealed significant differences in DNA methylation in monocytes isolated from patients with pSS.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Methylation/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Monocytes , Sjogren's Syndrome/genetics
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 391-394, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] electroacupuncture (EA) therapy on lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) and its promotion and application in community medical institutions.@*METHODS@#This research adopted a three-level promotion model, and used multi-center collaboration topics as a platform. A total of 240 patients with LIDH were divided into a group A (top three hospital, 80 cases, 3 cases dropped off), a group B (secondary hospital, 80 cases, 8 cases dropped off), and a group C (community health center, 80 cases, 7 cases dropped off). All groups were treated with EA at a single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] under the guidance of a unified experimental protocol. The EA was given 60 min each time and performed 3 times a week for a total of 2 weeks. The changes of visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of three groups before and after each treatment were compared, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before each treatment, the VAS scores of three groups after each treatment decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#The single acupoint EA therapy has a significant effect in the treatment of LIDH, can quickly relieve the pain symptoms, and has the characteristics of simple operation and easy control, suitable for promotion and application in primary hospitals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Intervertebral Disc , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 689-697, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777142

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of ferroptosis in acute lung injury (ALI) mouse model induced by oleic acid (OA). ALI was induced in the mice via the lateral tail vein injection of pure OA. The histopathological score of lung, lung wet-dry weight ratio and the protein content of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were used as the evaluation indexes of ALI. Iron concentration, glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in the lung tissues were measured using corresponding assay kits. The ultrastructure of pulmonary cells was observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM), and the expression level of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) mRNA was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR). Protein expression levels of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4), ferritin and transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1) in lung tissues were determined by Western blot. The results showed that histopathological scores of lung tissues, lung wet-dry weight ratio and protein in BALF in the OA group were higher than those of the control group. In the OA group, the mitochondria of pulmonary cells were shrunken, and the mitochondrial membrane was ruptured. The expression level of PTGS2 mRNA in the OA group was seven folds over that in the control group. Iron overload, GSH depletion and accumulation of MDA were observed in the OA group. Compared with the control group, the protein expression levels of GPX4 and ferritin in lung tissue were down-regulated in the OA group. These results suggest that ferroptosis plays a potential role in the pathogenesis of ALI in our mouse model, which may provide new insights for development of new drugs for ALI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acute Lung Injury , Pathology , Apoptosis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemistry , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Metabolism , Ferritins , Metabolism , Glutathione , Glutathione Peroxidase , Metabolism , Iron , Iron Overload , Lung , Cell Biology , Pathology , Malondialdehyde , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Mitochondrial Membranes , Oleic Acid
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1123-1130, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of childhood Burkitt Lymphoma/leukemia.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with newly-diagnosed childhood Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia from March 2011 to September 2017 in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed and summarized. Among 35 patients, 5 gave up treatment and one patient died of multiple organ failure before treatment, and 29 patients received CCCG-BNHL-2010 protocol chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#The 35 cases of BL/L includsd 31 males and 4 females (M∶F=7.75∶1) with the median age of 5(2.0-11) years. Clinically, the common infiltration sites were as follows: abdominal organs (especially ileocecus, 21/35, 60%), bone marrow (21/35, 60%), faciomaxillary (10/35, 28.57%), and central nervous system (8/35, 22.85%). According to St. Jude staging system, 6 patients were grouped into stage Ⅱ, and 8 into stage Ⅲ and 21 into stage Ⅳ, among which the bone marrow blasts of 17 patients were more than 25%. The analysis of therapeutic efficacy and prognosis showed that in median follow up of 23.4 (5.3-86.4) months, 5 patients relapsed (5/29, 17.24%), the median relapsed time was 5.7 (3.9-7.2) months; tow-year overall survival (OS) rate and progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 79.2%±7.6% and 78.3%±7.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the 2-year OS and PFS in patients with LDH>2N, stage Ⅳ (bone marrow infiltration), central nervous system infiltration and no-CR after 2 courses of treatnent all were significantly lower than those in patients with LDH≤2N, stageⅡ-Ⅲ, without central nervous system infiltration as well as CR after 2 course of treatment (P values were 0.015, 0.015, 0.019 and 0.000, respectively). Cox regression analysis showed that no-CR after 2 course was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor (HR 0.34, 95%CI: 0.03-0.407).@*CONCLUSION@#The childhood Buruitts lymphoma/leukemia is more freguently seen in males and school-age children, Advanced stage, bone marrow and contral nervous system infitration are common at the first visit to doctor, moreover the Burkitt's lymphoma/leykemia present repid progression and dangerous feature. The current intensive chemotherapy (high dose of drugs and short course) possess the significant therapeutic efficacy for this disease, but the patients should have very poor prognosis if they can not achieve CR after 2 course of chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Burkitt Lymphoma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 809-915, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771880

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and to explore the therapeutic efficacy and prognostic factors of children with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 18 children with ALCL admitted in Department of Pediatric Hematology, Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University from April 2011 to November 2017 was collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The male to female ratio was 2∶1, the median age of onset was 6 (0.9-11.3) years old, and the B symptom was positive in 13 cases. The most common initial symptom was lymphadenopathy (in 17 cases). All patients were manifested with multiple organ involvements. 4 cases were classified as clinical stage Ⅱ, 11 cases as stage Ⅲ, and 3 cases as stage Ⅳ. Laboratory tests revealed 9 cases with leukocytosis and 8 cases with CRP>20 mg/L. The pathological results showed all ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma with Ki-67 rate between 40%-90%. The median follow-up time was 41 months. 2 patients died before treatment, 1 patient was lost to follow-up. 15 patients accepted chemotherapy protocol of CCCG-BNHL-2011. 2 patients relapsed early, the 3 year event-free survival rate was (76.7±10.2)%. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed leukocytosis, increased CRP level, bone involvement and clinical stage were factors affecting prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#ALCL is a relatively rare subtype of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with high invasiveness. Leukocytosis, increased CRP level, bone involvement and clinical stage are poor factors affecting the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Prognosis
10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 355-359, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792613

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of embelin on the cardiac injury in sepsis mice model, and to explore whether PPAR-participates in the mechanism of cardioprotection of embelin.Methods Male mice were randomly divided into five groups.Control group were received PBS i.p.injection.Sepsis model group were received LPS (10 mg/kg) i.p.injection.Embelin treatment groups were received LPS (10 mg/kg) i.p.injection, and after 30 min different doses of embelin were given (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg, i.p.).Results The serum cTnI level and TNF-α、NF-κB protein in low dose embelin (5 mg/kg) treatment mice was not different with that of the sepsis mice.But the serum cTnI level and TNF-α、NF-κB protein in middle and high doses embelin (10, 20 mg/kg) treatment mice was lower than that of sepsis mice, and the expression of PPAR-γ was higher(P<0.05).Conclusion Embelin could protect against sepsis-induced cardiac injury.The mechanism might be involved in the upregulation of PPAR-γ protein, inhibition of NF-κB activation,and reduction of TNF-α level.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1518-1523, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301695

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the factors which may have influences on hematopoietic reconstitution of the auto-peripheral blood stem cell transplantation(auto-PBHSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The successful rate, the time of hematopoietic reconstitution and implantation status at 28 days after transplantation of 177 patients received auto-PBSCT were retropectively analyzed, in order to explore the factors which may have influences on hematopoietic reconstitution.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median time of neutrophil recovery was 12 days (8-21 days), implantation rate was 98.9%, all patients' neutrophil were recovered in 28 days. The median time of platelet recovery was 17 days (7-420 days), implantation rate was 95.5%, the cumulative incidence of platelet recovery at day 28 was 80.8%. Univariate analysis showed that the CD34cell number and the use of TPO had effect on neutrophils recovery time; the disease kinds, conditioning regimen and the infused CD34cell number had influence on platelets recovery time. Multivariate analysis showed that the CD34cell number was the independent influencing factor of neutrophils reconstitution time; the disease kinds, the CD34cell number were the independent influencing factors of platelet reconstitution time. Disease kinds and the CD34cell number were the independent influencing factors of hematopoietic reconstitution status of 28 days after transplantation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In auto-PBHSCT patients, disease kinds, conditioning regimen, the infused CD34cell number and the use of TPO have been confirmed to be independent influencing factors on hematopoietic reconstitution.</p>

12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 622-627, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273713

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the association of C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) with the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer and compare the prognostic value of CAR with other inflammation-based prognostic scoring systems.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively evaluated 163 newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients in Nanfang Hospital between January, 2007 and December, 2014. All recommended cutoff values of the clinicopathological factors were defined using receiver- operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses. We evaluated the prognostic value of CAR in comparison with Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) and neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with the area under the ROC curve. Univariate and multivariate analyses using the Cox proportional hazards model were performed to identify the factors closely associated with overall survival of the patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to compare overall survival curves between patients with a high CAR and those with a low CAR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recommended cutoff value of CAR was 0.132. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log rank test demonstrated a significant difference in the overall survival between patients with a low CAR (<0.132) and those with a high CAR (≥0.132) (2157.0∓395.3 vs 1661.0∓136.4 days, P<0.001). The area under the ROC curve of CAR, NLR and GPS was 0.656, 0.550 and 0.642, respectively, indicating a better prognostic value of CAR. Univariate analyses showed that age, C-reactive protein, albumin, CAR, NLR, GPS, platelet, TMN stage, Dukes stage and chemotherapy regimens were associated with the overall survival of the patients (P<0.05). Multivariate analyses showed that TMN stage [HR=1.689 (95%CI: 1.146-2.488), P=0.008] and Dukes stage [HR=2.447 (95%CI: 1.349-4.441), P=0.003] were associated with the overall survival of the patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Similar to the previously reported inflammation-based prognostic systems (GPS and NLR), CAR is useful for predicting the survival of patients with colorectal cancer and can be complementary to the two prognostic scoring systems.</p>

13.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 449-456, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812611

ABSTRACT

The inducible co-activator PGC-1α plays a crucial role in adaptive thermogenesis and increases energy expenditure in brown adipose tissue (BAT). Meanwhile, chronic inflammation caused by infiltrated-macrophage in the white adipose tissue (WAT) is a target for the treatment of obesity. Bofutsushosan (BF), a traditional Chinese medicine composed of 17 crude drugs, has been widely used to treat obesity in China, Japan, and other Asia countries. However, the mechanism underlying anti-obesity remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrated that BF oral administration reduced the body weight of obese mice induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and alleviated the level of biochemical markers (P < 0.05), including blood glucose (Glu), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) and insulin. Our further results also indicated that oral BF administration increased the expression of PGC-1α and UCP1 in BAT. Moreover, BF also reduced the expression of inflammatory cytokines in WAT, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). These findings suggested that the mechanism of BF against obesity was at least partially through increasing gene expression of PGC-1α and UCP1 for energy consumption in BAT and inhibiting inflammation in WAT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Adipose Tissue, Brown , Allergy and Immunology , Adipose Tissue, White , Allergy and Immunology , Cytokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Energy Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Obesity , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Uncoupling Protein 1 , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1183-1187, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320881

ABSTRACT

In the study of biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica (CMMBCS), the interactions of multiple components in the absorption should be taken into consideration in simultaneous multi-component determination. To investigate the absorption of multiple components, the in vitro everted gut sac model was used in this study, wtih lotus leaves as the research object. Aquantitative analysis was also carried out for the known components in this study. Totally 19 components in lotus extracts were absorbed by the intestinal tract, the Papp levels of the known components were nuciferine (1×10⁻⁵-1×10⁻⁶ cm•s⁻¹), rutin (1×10⁻⁶-1×10⁻⁷ cm•s⁻¹), hyperoside (1×10⁻⁶ cm•s⁻¹), isoquercitrin (1×10⁻⁶-1×10⁻⁷ cm•s⁻¹) and astragalin (1×10⁻⁶-1×10⁻⁷ cm•s⁻¹), respectively. These components showed a low permeability under a multi-component environment. This study was carried out to lay a foundation for further relevant target studies for different categories of components.

15.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 273-276, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264057

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of lymphocyte count in assessing cellular immune function in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-three patients with community-acquired pneumonia (including 53 non-severe and 40 severe cases) and 52 healthy adults were examined for routine blood test and T lymphocyte count. Blood lymphocyte counts and absolute T lymphocyte counts were compared among the 3 groups and their correlation was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the healthy control subjects, patients with community-acquired pneumonia showed significantly lower blood lymphocyte counts and CD3(+), CD4(+), and CD8(+) levels (P<0.05). CD3(+), CD4(+), and CD8(+) levels were positively correlated with blood lymphocyte counts. With blood lymphocyte count as the independent variable (L), and the regression equations for CD3(+), CD4(+), and CD8(+) levels were CD3(+)=485.45L+313.48 (F=59.68, P<0.01), CD4(+)=192.57L+290.11 (F=24.62, P<0.01), and CD8(+)=275.14L+18.04 (F=23.46, P<0.01) in the control group; CD3(+)=564.15L+25.04 (F=96.56, P<0.01), CD4(+)=381.91L-37.45 (F=68.60, P<0.01), and CD8(+)=165.61L+61.83 (F=55.47, P<0.01) in non-severe pneumonia group; and CD3(+)=565.44L+49.09 (F=31.87, P<0.01), CD4(+)=332.34L-17.37 (F=43.64, P<0.01), and CD8(+)=223.46L+54.39 (F=13.90, P<0.01) in severe pneumonia group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with community-acquired pneumonia have decreased cellular immune function. Absolute T lymphocyte count can be estimated by blood lymphocyte count to save the cost of laboratory tests.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Case-Control Studies , Community-Acquired Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocyte Count , Pneumonia , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Cell Biology
16.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 43-45, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231604

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome types of chronic aplastic anemia (CAA) patients and the distribution laws of typical CM symptoms in different genders.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2002 to June 2012, 220 CAA outpatients/inpatients at Department of Hematology, Zhejiang Chinese Medical Hospital were recruited. Patients' symptoms and signs, as well as four diagnostic information at the first onset were collected. CM syndrome differentiation was performed. The syndrome types and typical symptoms were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) In the 220 CAA patients, there were 121 cases of Shen yang deficiency syndrome (55.0%), 18 of Shen yin deficiency syndrome type (8.18%), 81 cases of Shen yin-yang deficiency syndrome (36.82%). (2) The distribution of typical symptoms: fatigue and shortness of breath (77.12% males and 73.53% females), pale complexion (64.41% males and 57.84% females), low temperature of four limbs (12.71% males and 26.47% females), spontaneous perspiration and night sweating (32.20% males and 26.47% females), dry mouth and throat (6.78% males and 6.86% females), feverish feelings in palms and soles (14.41% males and 20.59% females), loose stool (6.78% males and 2.94% females), petechiae and ecchymosis (42.37% males and 43.14% females).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Shen yang deficiency syndrome was most often seen in CAA patients at the initial diagnosis, followed by Shen yin-yang deficiency syndrome. Shen yin deficiency syndrome was the least seen. In CM symptoms, fatigue and shortness of breath were most common seen, followed by pale complexion, skin petechia and ecchymosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anemia, Aplastic , Diagnosis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 899-902, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302376

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor IV(G-CSFR IV) in adult acute leukemia patients and its clinical significance. The bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells from healthy persons were used as controls. The real-time RT-PCR was used to determine the expression level of G-CSFR I-IV in 99 AML, 34 ALL patients and 19 healthy persons. The results showed that the relative expression level of G-CSFR IV/G-CSFR I in AML patients was obviously elevated, as compared with that in ALL patients and controls, while the relative expression level of G-CSFR IV/G-CSFR I in ALL patients showed no statistical difference from controls. The analysis of clinical features and chemotherapeutic efficacy demonstrated that the clinical remission rate in patients with high expression of G-CSFR IV/G-CSFR I was lower than that in patients with low expression. The relative expression level of G-CSFR IV/G-CSFR I was not related with risk stratification from sex, age, blast ratio, FAB typing, chromosome and fusion gene. It is concluded that the abnormal high expression of G-CSFR IV relates with poor prognosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Case-Control Studies , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Metabolism , Protein Isoforms , Metabolism , Receptors, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 348-351, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether resveratrol (RES) plays a protective role in hypothermic preserved isolated rat hearts and whether it is mediated by regulation of silent information regulator protein-1 (Sirt-1) expression.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The Langendorff model of isolated rat heart was used. After stored in different Celsior solution at 4 degrees C for 9 h, SD rat hearts were randomly divided into 7 groups: blank control group;9 h group (soley hypothermic preservation for 9 h); RES group (3, 10, 30 micromol/L RES treatment plus hypothermic preservation for 9 h ), niacinamide (NAM) group (40 micromol/L NAM added in Celsior solution plus hypothermic preservation for 9 h), RES + NAM group (30 micromol/L RES and 40 micromol/L NAM were added in Celsior solution plus hypothermic preservation for 9 h). The morphological changes of cardiomyocytes were detected by the HE staining with the light microscope. The mRNA and protein expression levels of Sirt-1 were detected by Real-Time PCR and Western blot respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Compared with the blank control group, myocardiocytes were injured remarkably in the 9 h group and the Sirt-1 mRNA and protein expression levels were decreased significantly (P < 0.01); (2) Compared with the 9 h group, rat myocardial injury was alleviated gradually in 3, 10, 30 micromol/L RES group and the Sirt-1 mRNA and protein expression levels were increased in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05); (3) The above protective effects of RES were attenuated by Sirt-1 inhibitor NAM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RES can protect myocardiocytes from injury caused by long range hypothermic preservation and this protective effect maybe mediated by upregulation of Sirt-1 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cryopreservation , Heart , Organ Preservation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sirtuin 1 , Metabolism , Stilbenes , Pharmacology
19.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 991-995, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271628

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the possible genotype-phenotype correlation for GJB2.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospectively analyzed GJB2 gene mutations with non-syndromic hearing impairment (NSHI) patients and their families audiological data. Individuals were grouped, according to non-truncated mutant (non-truncating, NT) and truncating mutations (truncating, T), into T/T group, T/NT group and NT/NT group. And according to whether they carry 235delC, grouped into 235delC/235delC group, 235delC/Non-235del group and Non-235delC/Non-235delC group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Grouped according to whether the truncation mutants:Fisher exact statistical analysis showed that the degree of hearing loss among the three groups did not meet the random distribution (P = 0.003) , T/T group was significantly higher than T/NT group (P = 0.000) and NT/NT group (P = 0.000) on the degree of hearing loss. Grouped according to whether they carry 235delC mutation: degrees of hearing loss among the three groups were statistically significant differences. Respectively pairwise comparisons (Fisher exact test) found 235delC/235delC group was significantly higher than 235delC/Non-235delC on the degree of hearing loss group (P = 0.001) and Non-235delC/Non-235delC group (P = 0.000), 235delC/Non-235delC group higher than Non-235delC/Non-235delC group (P = 0.033). In GJB2 mutations homozygous and compound heterozygous mutation genotype:G109A/G109A, 235delC/512insAACG, 299delAT/G109A and 235delC/G109A degree of hearing loss caused by genotype was significantly lower than 235delC/235delC group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>235delC homozygotes have significantly more hearing impairment, when compared with 235delC/non-235delC compound heterozygotes. People with two non-235delC mutations have even less hearing impairment. Patients with non-truncation mutants (G109A) suffer from lighter hearing loss than truncation mutations(235delC, 299delAT).</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Connexin 26 , Connexins , Genetics , Deafness , Genetics , Genotype , Heterozygote , Mutation , Pedigree
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 329-333, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636076

ABSTRACT

Background The incidence of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) is increasing with the growing of cataract surgery rate.Recent researches provend that disintegrin has inhibitory effect on PCO,and echistatin is one of the disintegrin prime families.Objective This study was to investigate the effects of disintegrin and echistatin on proliferation,adhestion and migration in human lens epithelial cells (LECs) line (SRA01/04).Methods Human LECs line at logarithmic growth phase was used in the study.Cells were cocultured with medium and different concentrations of echistatin (0,2.5,5.0,7.5,10.0,15.0,20.0 mg/L) for different time.The proliferative inhibitory rates of LECs were detected by MTT method 24,48 and 72 hours after cultured.Anti-adhesion effect of echistatin were analyzed by the same assay in 90 minutes.Cell scratching test was performed to evaluate the migration ability of LECs.The width of the scratch was recorded in the culture plate covered with cells under an inverted microscope.After being cultured for 24 hours and 48 hours with echistatin,cell migration distances was examined.Results Compared with the 0 mg/L echistatin group,cells proliferation was obviously inhibited.After cultured with 2.5,5.0,7.5,10.0,15.0,20.0 mg/L echistatin,the proliferation inhibitory rate was 2.6%,15.4%,21.2%,34.7%,46.1%,58.2% at 24 hours;6.6%,21.9%,38.2%,50.0%,60.7%,76.9% at 48 hours and 9.8%,29.0%,46.6%,63.4%,69.1%,92.4% at 72 hours,respectively.The absorbance value (A) in the 5.0,7.5,10.0,15.0,20.0 mg/L groups were significantly lower than that in the 0 mg/L group (P< 0.05).With the prolongation of acting time of Ecs,the A value of the cells was gradually reduced,with statistically significant difference (P<0.05).The adhesion inhibitory rate was 2.6%,15.0%,26.1%,35.3%,45.2% and 54.5% in the 2.5,5.0,7.5,10.0,15.0,20.0 mg/L group,respectively.Compared with the result in the 0 mg/L group,the A value in the 5.0,7.5,10.0,15.0,20.0 mg/L group was statistically significant (P<0.05).After cultured for 24 hours and 48 hours,cell migration distance shortened in the 5.0,7.5,10.0,15.0,20.0 mg/L group,showing a statistically significant difference among them (P<0.05).Cell migration distance was gradually shortened with the lapse of action time of Ecs with the significant difference (P < 0.05).Conclusions echistatin has inhibitory effects on proliferation,adhestion and migration for human LECs in vitro in time-and dose-dependent manner.It is inferred that echistatin may play a role in the prevention and treatment of PCO.

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