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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 52-57, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012424

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and treatment of gastric alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing adenocarcinoma with SWI/SNF complex deletion. Methods: Four cases of gastric AFP-producing adenocarcinoma with SWI/SNF complex deletion diagnosed in Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2021 to December 2022 were collected, and their histomorphological characteristics, immunohistochemical (IHC), in situ hybridization of Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA (EBER), next-generation sequencing results, clinicopathological features and treatment were summarized, and literature review was conducted. Results: Among the 4 patients, there were three males and one female. They presented with abdominal pain, belching and melena. Serum AFP was significantly elevated in three patients, and endoscopy showed ulcerative lesions. Microscopically, the tumor cells showed mainly diffuse flaky or nest-like growth and typical characteristics of hepatoid adenocarcinoma. In two cases there were adenoid growth, and the tumor cells in these areas possessed clear cytoplasm, suggesting enteroblastic differentiation. The tumor cell nuclei were pleomorphic with large nucleoli and brisk mitoses. The IHC results showed that the tumor cells expressed AFP, GPC3 and SALL4, and there was retained expression of broad-spectrum keratin (CKpan) and E-cadherin. IHC detection of SWI/SNF complex subunits, namely INI1 (SMARCB1), BRG1 (SMARCA4), BRM (SMARCA2), ARID1A protein was performed. In all four cases the hepatoid adenocarcinoma region and enteroblastic differentiation region showed SMARCA2 deletion, and one case with enteroblastic differentiation also showed ARID1A deletion. SMARCB1 and SMARCA4 deletions were not seen. All the four cases were diffusely positive for p53 protein, and the Ki-67 proliferation index was 80%-90%. There were no mismatch repair deletion detected; one cases showed HER2 was strongly positive (3+), and EBER was negative. None of the four cases had mutations in the SWI/SNF complex-related subunits detected by next-generation sequencing. Among the four patients, two underwent palliative surgery due to distant metastasis at the time of surgery, two underwent radical resection. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was given to three patients. Conclusions: AFP-producing adenocarcinoma is a rare subtype of gastric cancer, which can be combined with SWI/SNF complex deletion, and the pathomorphological manifestations are different from the classical SWI/SNF complex deletion of undifferentiated carcinoma with rhabdoid phenotype.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , alpha-Fetoproteins , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , DNA Helicases/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , Transcription Factors/genetics , Glypicans
2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 46-51, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012423

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the biological behavior spectrum of platelet-derived growth factor alpha receptor (PDGFRA)-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and to compare the clinical values of the Zhongshan method of benign and malignant evaluation with the modified National Institutes of Health (NIH) risk stratification. Methods: A total of 119 cases of GIST with PDGFRA mutation who underwent surgical resection at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from 2009 to 2020 were collected. The clinicopathological data, follow-up records, and subsequent treatment were reviewed and analyzed statistically. Results: There were 79 males and 40 females. The patients ranged in age from 25 to 80 years, with a median age of 60 years. Among them, 115 patients were followed up for 1-154 months, and 13 patients progressed to disease. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 90.1% and 94.1%, respectively. According to the modified NIH risk stratification, 8 cases, 32 cases, 38 cases, and 35 cases were very-low risk, low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk, and 5-year DFS were 100.0%, 95.6%, 94.3%, and 80.5%, respectively. There was no significant difference in prognosis among the non-high risk groups, only the difference between high risk and non-high risk groups was significant (P=0.029). However, the 5-year OS was 100.0%, 100.0%, 95.0% and 89.0%, and there was no difference (P=0.221). According to the benign and malignant evaluation Zhongshan method, 43 cases were non-malignant (37.4%), 56 cases were low-grade malignant (48.7%), 9 cases were moderately malignant (7.8%), and 7 cases were highly malignant (6.1%). The 5-year DFS were 100.0%, 91.7%, 77.8%, 38.1%, and the difference was significant (P<0.001). The 5-year OS were 100.0%, 97.5%, 77.8%, 66.7%, the difference was significant (P<0.001). Conclusions: GIST with PDGFRA gene mutation shows a broad range of biological behavior, ranging from benign to highly malignant. According to the Zhongshan method, non-malignant and low-grade malignant tumors are common, the prognosis after surgery is good, while the fewer medium-high malignant tumors showed poor prognosis after surgical resection. The overall biological behavior of this type of GIST is relatively inert, which is due to the low proportion of medium-high malignant GIST. The modified NIH risk stratification may not be effective in risk stratification for PDGFRA mutant GIST.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4982-4995, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008073

ABSTRACT

The aldo-keto reductase super family (AKRs) has a wide range of substrate specificity. However, the systematic identification of insect AKR gene family members has not been reported. In this study, bioinformatics methods were used to predict the phylogenetic evolution, physical and chemical properties, chromosome location, conserved motifs, and gene structure of AKR family members in Bombyx mori (BmAKR). Transcriptome data or quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to analyze the expression level of BmAKR genes during different organizational periods and silkworm eggs in different developmental states. Moreover, Western blotting was used to detect the expression level of the BmAKR in silkworm eggs. The results showed that 11 BmAKR genes were identified. These genes were distributed on 4 chromosomes of the silkworm genome, all of which had the (α/β) 8-barrel motif, and their physical and chemical characteristics were relatively similar. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the BmAKR genes could be divided into 2 subgroups (AKR1 and AKR2). Transcriptome data analysis showed that the expression of BmAKR genes were quite different in different tissues and periods. Moreover, the expression analysis of BmAKR genes in silkworm eggs showed that some genes were expressed significantly higher in nondiapause eggs than in diapause eggs; but another gene, BmAKR1-1, was expressed significantly higher in diapause eggs than in nondiapause eggs. The detection of protein level found that the difference trend of BmAKR1-1 in diapause eggs and non-diapause eggs was consistent with the results of qRT-PCR. In conclusion, BmAKR1-1 was screened out as candidates through the identification and analysis of the BmAKR genes in silkworm, which may regulate silkworm egg development is worthy of further investigation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx/metabolism , Phylogeny , Diapause , Genes, Insect , Gene Expression Profiling , Insect Proteins/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4950-4964, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008071

ABSTRACT

Molting is an important physiological phenomenon of many metamorphosis insects, during which the old and new epidermis are separated by enzymes present in the molting fluid. Various proteomic studies have discovered the presence of Bombyx mori carboxypeptidase A (Bm-CPA) in the molting fluid of silkworm, but its function remains unclear. In order to better understand the role of Bm-CPA in the molting process of silkworm, Bm-CPA was analyzed by bioinformatics analysis, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR, antibody preparation, immunofluorescence staining, and expression in Pichia pastoris. The results showed that Bm-CPA had a conserved M14 zinc carboxypeptidase domain and glycosylation site. Its expression was regulated by ecdysone 20E, and large expression was observed in the epidermis of the upper cluster stage. Immunofluorescence staining showed that Bm-CPA was enriched in the epidermis during the molting stage, and the inhibitor of Bm-CPA led to the larval death due to the inability to molt. We also successfully obtained a large number of recombinant Bm-CPA proteins by Pichia pastoris expression in vitro. These results may facilitate further understanding the molting development process of silkworm.


Subject(s)
Animals , Molting/genetics , Bombyx/genetics , Carboxypeptidases A/metabolism , Proteomics , Larva/metabolism , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Insect Proteins/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1655-1669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981161

ABSTRACT

Deacetylation of chitin is closely related to insect development and metamorphosis. Chitin deacetylase (CDA) is a key enzyme in the process. However, to date, the CDAs of Bombyx mori (BmCDAs), which is a model Lepidopteran insect, were not well studied. In order to better understand the role of BmCDAs in the metamorphosis and development of silkworm, the BmCDA2 which is highly expressed in epidermis was selected to study by bioinformatics methods, protein expression purification and immunofluorescence localization. The results showed that the two mRNA splicing forms of BmCDA2, namely BmCDA2a and BmCDA2b, were highly expressed in the larval and pupal epidermis, respectively. Both genes had chitin deacetylase catalytic domain, chitin binding domain and low density lipoprotein receptor domain. Western blot showed that the BmCDA2 protein was mainly expressed in the epidermis. Moreover, fluorescence immunolocalization showed that BmCDA2 protein gradually increased and accumulated with the formation of larval new epidermis, suggesting that BmCDA2 may be involved in the formation or assembly of larval new epidermis. The results increased our understandings to the biological functions of BmCDAs, and may facilitate the CDA study of other insects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bombyx/metabolism , Metamorphosis, Biological/genetics , Larva/metabolism , Gene Expression , Insect Proteins/metabolism , Chitin
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 31-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970121

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of pathological diagnosis and genetic abnormalities detection of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) using endoscopic biopsy. Methods: Patients with GIST diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy (from January 1st, 2016 to August 1st, 2018, at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University) were included in this study. This retrospective study evaluated the histopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features, genetic abnormalities of the tumors and the treatment and clinical course of the patients. Results: Totally 4 095 cases of GIST were collected, among which 67 patients (67/4 095, 1.6%) underwent endoscopic biopsy. Forty-eight patients (71.6%) were male and 19 (28.4%) were female, with a mean age of 61 years (range 31-90 years). Fifty-nine lesions were located in stomach and eight in duodenum. Of all the 67 cases, 47 were spindle type, 14 were epithelioid type, and 6 mixed type. IHC staining showed the positive rates were 100.0% (64/64) for DOG1, 98.4% (62/63) for CD117, 87.5% (56/64) for CD34, 3.6% (2/56) for S-100 protein, 12.1% (7/58) for α-SMA, 12.3% (7/57) for desmin and 4.0% (2/50) for CKpan. Morphologically, 34 cases were malignant; three cases (all epithelioid type) were originally misdiagnosed as poorly differentiated carcinoma; missed-diagnosis were found in four cases (spindle type) due to the insufficient diagnostic tumor cells. The genetic abnormality detection rate in the biopsy tissue was 38.8% (26/67),among them two patients were lost to follow up after biopsy, 33 patients received surgical resection, 16 cases underwent operation after neoadjuvant therapy and 16 patients with advanced disease underwent continuous imatinib therapy, with the genetic testing rate of 6.1% (2/33), 10/16 and 14/16, respectively. Conclusions: Endoscopic biopsy is a useful but rare method for the preoperative diagnosis of GIST. For majority of biopsy, accurate pathological diagnosis and auxiliary examination can be completed to guide clinical treatment. A thorough history in combination with endoscopic finding is essential to avoid misdiagnosis (epithelioid type) and missed diagnosis (spindle type) in suspicious cases. Genetic testing should be recommended in patients who will undergo targeted therapy after endoscopic biopsy, and it can provide valuable information and guidance for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Relevance , Imatinib Mesylate , Biopsy , S100 Proteins
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 384-389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985684

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis of gastric intermediate-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), so as to provide a reference for clinical management and further research. Methods: A retrospective observational study of patients with gastric intermediate-risk GIST, who underwent surgical resection between January 1996 and December 2019 at Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, was carried out. Results: Totally, 360 patients with a median age of 59 years were included. There were 190 males and 170 females with median tumor diameter of 5.9 cm. Routine genetic testing was performed in 247 cases (68.6%, 247/360), and 198 cases (80.2%) showed KIT mutation, 26 cases (10.5%) showed PDGFRA mutation, and 23 cases were wild-type GIST. According to "Zhongshan Method"(including 12 parameters), there were 121 malignant and 239 non-malignant cases. Complete follow-up data were available in 241 patients; 55 patients (22.8%) received imatinib therapy, 10 patients (4.1%) experienced tumor progression, and one patient (PDGFRA mutation, 0.4%) died. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival rate at 5 years was 96.0% and 99.6%, respectively. Among the intermediate-risk GIST, there was no difference in DFS between the overall population, KIT mutation, PDGFRA mutation, wild-type, non-malignant and malignant subgroups (all P>0.05). However, the non-malignancy/malignancy analysis showed that there were significant differences in DFS among the overall population (P<0.01), imatinib treatment group (P=0.044) and no imatinib treatment group (P<0.01). Adjuvant imatinib resulted in potential survival benefit for KIT mutated malignant and intermediate-risk GIST in DFS (P=0.241). Conclusions: Gastric intermediate-risk GIST shows a heterogeneous biologic behavior spectrum from benign to highly malignant. It can be further classified into benign and malignant, mainly nonmalignant and low-grade malignant. The overall disease progression rate after surgical resection is low, and real-world data show that there is no significant benefit from imatinib treatment after surgery. However, adjuvant imatinib potentially improves DFS of intermediate-risk patients with tumors harboring KIT mutation in the malignant group. Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of gene mutations in benign/malignant GIST will facilitate improvements in therapeutic decision-making.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics
8.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1203-1206, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009212

ABSTRACT

The multidisciplinary treatment model led by surgery has become a comprehensive strategy and overall concept for the treatment of spinal metastatic tumors. But the surgical treatment of spinal metastatic tumors is different from primary malignant tumors of the spine. Surgery is only a part of the multidisciplinary comprehensive treatment. Therefore, the following aspects need to be evaluated comprehensively based on the survival assessment, evaluation of spinal stability damage, nerve dysfunction, and oncological characteristics of the metastatic tumors with a reasonable surgical intervention. The attention should be paid to the minimally invasive treatment of spinal metastases, progress of new radiotherapy technology, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy and other medical treatment to make a comprehensive and individualization decision which is benefit to relieve patients ' pain, reconstruct spinal stability and avoid paralysis. While improving patient survival, increasing local tumor control rate and possibly prolonging survival time, avoiding excessive surgery as much as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine/surgery , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery
9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 403-408, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the differences in clinical characteristics between different genders of Chinese patients with systemic sclerosis(SSc).Methods:The data of SSc patients registered in Chinese Rheumatism Data Center between August 2008 and June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 1 844 patients with SSc were enrolled in the study. The ratio of males to females was 289 to 1 555. The onset age was (48.6±13.7) years in males and (45.5±13.1) years in females( P<0.001). Male patients represented shorter disease duration [2.0(0.0, 4.0)years vs.3.0(1.0, 7.0) years, P<0.001],higher proportion of diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc) [63.0% (182/289)vs.44.2%(688/1 555), P<0.001]. Although more man patients experienced smoking [47.4%(137/289) vs. 1.7%(27/1 555), P<0.001] and exposure to harmful environments [7.6%(22/289) vs. 2.1%(33/1 555), P<0.001], there was no statistically significant difference in interstitial lung disease between male and female patients [69.3%(181/261) vs. 74.5%(1 085/1 457), P=0.084].Otherwise, Raynaud′s phenomenon [87.7% (1 364/1 555) vs.75.4%(218/289), P<0.001], arthritis [11.1%(173/1 555) vs.6.9%(20/289), P=0.032], gastroesophageal reflux disease [22.0%(342/ 1 555) vs.13.1%(38/289), P=0.001], and leucopoenia [10.7(161/1 511)% vs. 6.1%(17/279), P=0.019] were more common in female patients, but finger ulcer was less common [22.5%(350/1 555) vs. 30.4%(88/289), P=0.004]. Antinuclear antibody(ANA) positivity rate [85.6%(1 310/1 531) vs. 78.6%(221/281), P=0.003], anti-RNP antibody positivity rate [23.1%(342/1 479) vs.14.0%(38/271), P=0.001], anti-SSA antibody positivity rate [28.2%(419/1 487) vs.13.9%(38/274), P<0.001] were higher in female patients. Physician′s global assessment(PGA) scores [1.4 (1.0, 2.0) vs. 1.0 (0.3, 1.6), P<0.001] and modified Rodnan Skin Score(mRSS) [18.0 (9.5, 28.0) vs. 14.0 (5.0, 28.0), P=0.003] were higher in males. Conclusion:Even though male SSc patients account for a small proportion, more extensive skin involvement, finger ulcers and higher PGA are manifested in males. Physicians need pay attention to these clinical disparities between different genders in SSc.

10.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 323-328, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients at different age of onset.Methods:Data of SSc patients with onset age ≥18 years old who were registered in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Chinese Rheumatism Data Center from August 2008 to June 2020 were included. Patients were divided into 3 groups by the age of onset according to the age segmentation of the World Health Organization. Counting variables were presented as frequency (percentage). Quantitative results were presented as mean±standard deviation, or median, inter quartile range. Differences between groups were analyzed by analysis of variance, the Mann-Whitney test or the chi-square test, depen-ding on the distribution of the variables.Results:Six hundred and eighty-two SSc patients were included. Accor-ding to the age of onset, they were divided into three groups: youth group (18-44 years old), middle-aged group (45-59 years old) and elderly group (over 60 years old). There were 361 patients in the youth group,245 patients in the middle age group and 76 patients in the elderly group. The mean age of onset was (43.8±12.1) years. The variables with significant different among the groups were as the following: left ventricular diastolic dysfunction [14.0%(14/100), 38.8%(39/98), 65.4%(17/26); χ2=30.756, P<0.001]; cardiac arrhythmias [1.9% (7/361), 3.7% (9/361), 7.9% (6/76), χ2=7.38, P=0.024), Raynaud's phenomenon [94.7% (342/361), 89.4%(219/245), 89.5%(68/76), χ2=6.73, P=0.035], loss of finger pad substance [36.9%(133/360), 25.4% (62/244), 18.4% (14/76), χ2=15.184, P=0.001]; digital ulcer [31.0% (112/361), 23.0% (56/244), 15.8% (12/76), χ2=9.86, P=0.007]; arthritis [16.3%(59/361), 13.5%(33/245), 5.3%(4/76), χ2=6.49, P=0.039], digital contracture [11.6%(42/361), 5.7%(14/245), 9.2%(7/76), χ2=6.10, P=0.047]; positive anti-RNP antibody [32.3% (116/359), 20.7% (50/241), 17.3% (13/75), χ2=14.06, P=0.001]; and positive anti-centromere antibody [8.9% (32/351), 18.4%(45/239), 23.7%(18/76), χ2=17.78, P<0.001] were significantly different between the young age group and elder group. Conclusion:The predominant age of disease onset of SSc is middle and young age. Elder onset SSc patients are more likely to have left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, and young onset patients are more likely to have microvascular lesions, which needs more attentions by clinicians.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 238-242, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe a series of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients with the combination of scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).Methods:The medical records of 472 SSc patients in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 2012 and October 2020 were reviewed and a retrospective analysis of the characteristics of patients with SRC and PAH among SSc patients was conducted.Results:Thirteen patients suffered from SRC and PAH in the SSc patients, 1 case was limited cutaneous SSc, and 12 cases were diffuse cutaneous SSc. Five patients had renal crisis before pulmonary arterial hypertension, 4 patients had pulmonary arterial hypertension before the occurrence of renal crisis, and the remaining 4 patients were found at the same time. Among them, 11 patients had Raynaud's phenomenon, 7 had gastrointestinal bleeding, 6 had pulmonary edema and 3 had telangiectasias. Twelve cases were positive for anti-nuclear antibodies and 4 cases were positive for anti-Scl-70 antibodies. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)>1 400 ng/L in 11 patients. Two patients had thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Among the 13 patients, 3 patients died during hospitalization, 2 patients were lost to follow-up, and 2 patients died within 5 years of follow-up. Six patients survived, and 1 of the 4 patients with regular dialysis were discharged from dialysis.Conclusion:In patients with scleroderma, SRC can occur earlier, later than, or at the same time with SSc-PAH. Patients may have a higher incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding and higher level of NT-proBNP. PDE5i or ERAs may be beneficial.

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 804-813, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942960

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) with KIT/PDGFRA "homozygous mutation", the efficacy of targeted therapy and the prognosis. Methods: A retrospective cohort study and propensity score matching were used. "Homozygous mutation" was defined as the detection of KIT/PDGFRA gene status of GIST by Sanger sequencing, which showed that there was only mutant gene sequence in the sequencing map, lack of wild-type sequence or the peak height of mutant gene sequence was much higher than that of wild-type gene sequence (> 3 times). "Heterozygous mutation" was defined as the mutant gene sequences coexisted with wild type gene sequences, and the peak height was similar (3 times or less). The clinicopathological data and follow-up information of 92 GIST patients with KIT/PDGFRA "homozygous mutation" were collected from 4 hospitals in Shanghai from January 2008 to May 2021 (Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine: 70 cases; Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University: 14 cases; Changhai Hospital, Naval Military Medical University: 6 cases and Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine: 2 cases). Patients with perioperative death, other malignancies, and incomplete clinicopathological information were excluded. The clinicopathological features of the patients and the efficacy of targeted drug therapy were observed and analyzed. The efficacy was evaluated using Choi criteria, which were divided into complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD) and progressive disease (PD). In addition, a total of 230 patients with high-risk GIST with "heterozygous mutation" in exon 11 of KIT gene and 117 patients with recurrent or metastatic GIST with "heterozygous mutation" in exon 11 of KIT gene were included. The propensity score matching method was used to match GIST patients with "heterozygous" and "homozygous" mutations in exon 11 of KIT gene (1∶1) for survival analysis. The disease-free survival (DFS) between two groups of high-risk GIST patients who underwent complete surgical resection were compared. And progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with recurrent or metastatic GIST were compared. Results: Of the 92 GIST cases with KIT/PDGFRA "homozygous mutation", 58 were males and 34 were females, with a median onset age of 62 (31-91) years. Primary GIST 83 cases. Primary high-risk GIST (53 cases), metastatic GIST (21 cases) and recurrent GIST (9 cases) accounted for 90.2% (83/92). There were 90 cases of KIT gene"homozygous mutation" (exon 11 for 88 cases, exon 13 for 1 case, exon 17 for 1 case), and 2 cases of PDGFRA gene "homozygous mutation" (exon 12 for 1 case, exon 18 for 1 case). The median follow-up time was 49 (8-181) months. Among the 61 cases of primary localized GIST undergoing complete surgical resection, 2 cases were intermediate-risk GIST, 5 cases were low-risk GIST, and 1 case was very low-risk GIST, of whom 1 case of intermediate-risk GIST received 1-year adjuvant imatinib mesylate (IM) therapy after operation, and no tumor recurrence developed during the follow-up period. The remaining 53 cases were high-risk GIST, and follow-up data were obtained from 50 cases, of whom 22 developed tumor recurrence during follow-up. Of 9 patients directly receiving neoadjuvant targeted therapy (IM or avapritinib), 5 had complete imaging follow-up data, and the evaluation of efficacy achieved PR. Of all the 92 GIST cases with KIT/PDGFRA "homozygous mutation", 50 (54.4%) had tumor metastasis or tumor recurrence or progression during follow-up, and 12 (13.0%) died of the tumor. Survival analysis combined with propensity score showed that in 100 cases of high-risk GISTs with complete resection, GISTs with "homozygous mutation" in exon 11 of KIT gene had shorter disease-free survival (DFS) than GISTs with "heterozygous mutation" in exon 11 of KIT gene (median DFS: 72 months vs. 148 months, P=0.015). In 60 cases of recurrent or metastatic GISTs with KIT gene exon 11 mutation, IM was used as the first-line treatment, and the progression-free survival (PFS) of GISTs with "homozygous mutation" was shorter compared to GISTs with "heterozygous mutation" (median PFS: 38 months vs. 69 months, P=0.044). The differences were statistically significant. Conclusions: "Homozygous mutation" in KIT/PDGFRA gene is associated with the progression of GIST. The corresponding targeted therapeutic drugs are still effective for GIST with KIT/PDGFRA gene "homozygous mutation". Compared with GIST patients with "heterozygous mutation" in KIT exon 11, GIST patients with "homozygous mutation" in KIT exon 11 are more likely to relapse after surgery and to develop resistance to IM. Therefore, it is still necessary to seek more effective treatment methods for this subset of cases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , China , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/genetics , Mutation , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics , Pyrazoles , Pyrroles , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Triazines
13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 717-722, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878669

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics of relapsing polychondritis(RP)patients presented with arthropathy. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 201 RP patients who were hospitalized in our center between December 2005 and February 2019.After 16 patients with co-existing other autoimmune diseases and malignancies were ruled out,185 RP patients entered the final analysis,among whom 16 RP patients were presented with arthropathy and 169 without arthropathy.The demographic data,clinical manifestations,laboratory findings,and prognosis were compared between these two groups. Results Five of the 16 RP patients with arthropathy at presentation were misdiagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis.Compared with RP patients without arthropathy at presentation,RP patients with arthropathy at presentation had a longer disease course[(37.50±66.50)months


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Joint Diseases/diagnosis , Polychondritis, Relapsing/diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 893-905, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics ; (12): 114-116, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816560

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of microRNA-622(miR-622)in epithelial ovarian cancer,andanalyze its influence on tumor cell migration and invasion.METHODS:Epithelial ovarian cancer(n=125),benignepithelial ovarian tumors(n=45),and normal ovarian tissues(n=25)were obtained from January 2003 to December 2016 at Dongguan People's Hospital of Southern Medical University.The expression of miR-622 was determined by real-timePCR.The miR-622 mimics were transiently transfected into human ovarian cancer cells,and their influence on cellmigration and invasion was analyzed by Transwell assay.RESULTS:Higher miR-622 expression was found in epithelialovarian cancer tissues than in benign epithelial ovarian tumors and normal ovarian tissues(P<0.05).Expression of miR-622 was correlated with FIGO stage and lymphatic metastasis(P<0.05).Up-regulation of miR-622 promoted theinvasion and migration of SKOV3 cells in vitro.CONCLUSION:The expression level of miR-622 is increased in tumourtissues,which indicates that miR-622 might be involved in the progression of epithelial ovarian cancer by promotingcancer cell migration and invasion.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 497-501,521, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743380

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of miR-191 expression on the proliferation of human malignant meningioma cell line IOMM-Lee in vitro and to explore its mechanism.Methods The expression of miR-191 in malignant meningioma tissue,the adjacent normal tissues and human Malignant meningioma cell lines IOMM-Lee and CH157-MN was tested by Realtime PCR.miR-191 inhibitor was transfected in IOMM-Lee cells and MTT assay was employed to detect the cell viability.Bioinformatics prediction software was used in miR-191 target gene predictive analysis and verified by luciferase reporter system.The effect of EGR1 siRNA on the proliferation of IOMM-Lee cells was observed.Prorein interaction database was used to analyze which proteins could interact with EGR1.The effect of inhibition of EGR1 expression on TP53 protein expression was detected.The influence of inhibition of miR-191 expression on EGR1and TP53 expression was observed.Result The expression of miR-191 in malignant meningioma tissue (0.933±0.144) was higher than that in the adjacent normal tissue (0.459±0.104,P<0.05).The expressiong of miR-191 in humam malignant meningioma cell line IOMM-Lee (1.25±0.07) was higher than that in CH157-MN cell line (0.50±0.14,P<0.05).The cell proliferation capability was significantly decreased in miR-191 inhibitor group [(0.53±0.02) vs (0.74±0.01),P<0.05].EGR1 was identified and validated to be a target gene of miR-191.Inhibition of EGR1 gene can promote OMM-Lee cell proliferation (0.83±0.02,0.71 ±0.01,P<0.05).EGR 1 could positively regulate TP53 protein expression [(13 758.17±57.22) vs (10 239.00±71.30),P<0.001.miR-191 Inhibition could increase EGR1 [(14 663.00±80.08) vs (11 184.33±153.90),P<0.001] and TP53 expression [(15 206.17±102.08) vs(11 400.17±97.00),P<0.001].Conclusion Downregulation of miR-191 can inhibit the proliferation of IOMM-Lee cell,which may be related to the upregulation of EGR1/TP53 signaling pathway.

17.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 69-74, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694080

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a detergent for decontamination of Co2+ and Mn2+ on skin.Methods Single-factor experimental and orthogonal experimental designs were performed to study the formula composition of the decontaminant.The skin irritation experiment was performed and assessed according to the standard method.The detergent was prepared according the conventional process of showering gel.The pH,ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) level,total active substances of the detergent,and its stability were evaluated according to the chemical method recommended in the national standard GB/T 13173-2008.The decontamination efficiency on stable isotopes of Co2+ and Mn2+ contamination was measured on the back of hand skin of volunteers.Results The formula composition of the decontaminant was obtained through the orthogonal experiment.The pH value of the detergent was 6.99,total active substance was 20.49% and the content of EDTA was 5.99%.After being kept at-5 ℃ and 40℃℃ for 24h,the decontaminant showed no strange smell,no precipitation,no discoloration and still kept transparent.The decontamination effects on Co2+ and Mn2+ contaminated on hand skin were 103.13% ± 0.05% and 100.62% ± 0.09%,respectively,which was significantly higher than that of distilled water (81.77% ± 0.23% and 79.63% ± 0.23%,P<0.01,respectively).Conclusion The decontaminant has a high effect on decontamination of Co2+ and Mn2+ polluted on skin,and is hopeful to be developed as an effective detergent on radioactive isotopes contamination.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 376-380, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707866

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) in clinical phenotype of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA).Methods The clinical data of 64 patients with EGPA from Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2007 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed,and the patients were followed up.Characteristics of patients with ANCA positive and ANCA negative were compared by independent-samples t test,Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square test.Results Among 64 patients with EGPA,12(19%) were serum ANCA positive and 52(81%) were negative.The incidence of fever (77% vs 35%,x2=9.403,P=0.002) and renal involvement,including proteinuria (67% vs 25%,x2=7.678,P=0.006),hematuria (58% vs 8%,x2=17.57,P<0.01),renal inadequacy (33% vs 4%,x2=9.978,P=0.002),and the BVAS score higher than 15 (92% vs 60%,x2=4.440,P=0.035) in ANCA positive group were higher than ANCA negative group,while the presence of allergic rhinitis (17% vs 56%,x2=5.969,P=0.015),mucocutaneous lesion (33% vs 65%,x2=4.152,P=0.042) and cardiac involvement (8% vs 44%,x2=3.361,P=0.021) in the ANCA-positive group was lower when compared with ANCA-negative patients.The positive ratio of rheumatoid factor (RF) (100% vs 42%,x2=7.723,P=0.006),and the level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (50 vs 35.5 mm/1 h,P=0.034) in ANCA-positive group were higher than in ANCA negative group.There was no significant difference in pathological characteristics between the two groups.According to the treatment and prognosis,there were no significant differences between the two groups in the usage and dosage of steroids and immunosuppressant,the remission rate and recurrence rate of the disease,and the death rate due to the primary disease.Conclusion The clinical manifestations of EGPA are complicate.Whether ANCA is positive or not may be related to the clinical phenotypes.More attention should be paid to renal involvement in ANCA positive patients while cardiac involvement in ANCA negative patients.

19.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 311-316, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690655

ABSTRACT

Exposure to free silica induces silicosis and myofibroblasts are regarded as primary effector cells. Fibrocytes can differentiate into myofibroblast. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate whether fibrocytes participate in silicosis. The rat model of silicosis was established. Hematoxylin-eosin stainings and Masson stainings were used to evaluate the histopathology and collagen deposition. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence were performed to detect the number of fibrocytes and their contribution to myofibroblasts. Results showed that fibrocytes participate in silicosis. Trend analysis of different sources of myofibroblasts during silicosis indicated that fibrocytes and lung type II epithelial cell-derived myofibroblasts play an important role in the early stage of silicosis, while resident lung fibroblast-derived myofibroblasts play a predominant role during the fibrosis formative period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Disease Models, Animal , Lung , Cell Biology , Myofibroblasts , Pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Silicon Dioxide , Toxicity , Silicosis , Pathology
20.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 642-649, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692294

ABSTRACT

An electric driven cryo-trap enrichment apparatus for the movable mass spectrometer was designed to realize rapid and automatic detection of trace volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere. Compared with traditional cryo-trap with refrigerant,the lowest temperature of cryocooler was down to-196℃, and it was easy to carry due to its small size, light weight and refrigerant-free. Cryo-trap combined with time-of-flight mass spectrometer was used to analyze benzene,toluene and xylene,and the result showed that the signal strength of benzene,toluene and xylene,with the cryo-trap enrichment,was improved by 212-fold, 254-fold and 242-fold,and the recoveries reached 98%,87% and 87%,respectively. The analytical time for single sample was only 14 min. The electric driven cryo-trap combined with on-line mass spectrometer was used to detect 39 kinds of VOCs listed in TO-14 method of EPA and ambient air, and the sensitivity of the newly designed instrument was better than the threshold of national indoor VOCs. The combination of electric driven cryo-trap and time-of-flight mass spectrometer could be used for rapid enrichment and monitoring of trace VOCs in the atmosphere and indoor air, showing great potential in in-site measurement and real-time monitoring of volatile organic pollutants.

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