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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1484-1492, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013747

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the mechanism of RhoA/ROCK signaling pathway in abnormal aortic contractility in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) mice. Methods The experiment was divided into two groups, the control group (db/m mice) and the model group (db/db mice). Changes of the response to different methods were measured in aorta rings using a Multi Myograph System. At the same time, the protein expression changes of aortic smooth muscle contraction signaling pathway in mice were determined by Western method. Results Compared with the control group, the blood glucose and body weight levels of the mice in the T2DM group significantly increased, and the cardiac function was abnormal (P <0. 01). The contractile response of the aorta of the diabetic mice induced by the contractile agents Phe, 5-HT and CaCl

2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 749-753, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005662

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of healthcare big data and artificial intelligence technology, how to utilize the massive medical data generated based on clinical diagnosis and treatment has become an important issue to be solved in the field of clinical research. Clinical diagnosis and treatment data is an essential part of healthcare big data, and also the main field of healthcare big data research. With the continuous deepening and extensive development of informatization, hospitals have accumulated a large number of patient-centered clinical diagnosis and treatment data. Deeply mining and analyzing these data through big data technology can provide reference for precise diagnosis and treatment, and standardized prevention and control of diseases. However, conducting relevant research still faces many difficulties and blockages, such as the increased risk of data leakage or abuse, and the difficulty in implementing informed consent. To safely, legally and efficiently utilize clinical diagnosis and treatment data to conduct clinical research and fully tap into the value of these precious medical resources, a tertiary hospital in Beijing has built a research big data platform and developed relevant systems to effectively solve the problems of blockages and difficulties in the application of rich clinical resources to clinical research, and improve the service quality of medical institutions and the conversion rate of scientific research achievements. By introducing the key points and management methods in the implementation of clinical research based on the scientific research big data platform, analyzing and exploring the existing problems and improvement measures, this paper aimed to provide theoretical basis and system reference for high-quality and efficient health and medical big data clinical research, inspire and promote the continuous improvement of medical research management, and promote the development of medical and health science and technology innovation.

3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 714-718, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effects of repairing skin and soft tissue defect of finger with free posterior interosseous artery perforator flap.@*METHODS@#Totally 8 patients with finger skin and soft tissue defect repaired with free posterior interosseous artery perforator flap were treated from May 2021 to November 2022, including 7 males and 1 female aged from 24 to 54 years old, and soft tissue defect area ranged from 3.0 cm×1.5 cm to 5.0 cm×3.0 cm. The time from injury to flap repair ranged from 3 to 83 h. The free posterior interosseous artery perforator flap was applied to repair finger defect, the area of the flap ranged from 3.5 cm×2.0 cm to 5.2 cm×3.5 cm, the donor area of flap was sutured directly. The survival, appearance, texture and donor complications of the flap were observed after operation, and Dargan functional standard was used to evaluate clinical effect of finger function.@*RESULTS@#All flap of 8 patients were survived, and followed up from 3 to 12 months. There was no obvious swelling, soft texture, obvious pigmentation, linear intaglio in donor area only, and without obvious complications were found. Among them, 3 patients'skin flaps were repaired for the defect of palm of the fingers, and sensory recovery was good, two-point discrimination ranged from 5 to 9 mm. According to Dargan functional evaluation, 3 patients excellent, and 5 good.@*CONCLUSION@#Free posterior interosseous artery perforation branch flap could be used to repair the defect of finger. The thickness of flap is moderate, operation is convenient, appearance and texture of the operative flap are good, and the donor site is small without obvious complications, and obtain satisfactory clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Perforator Flap , Fingers , Upper Extremity , Ulnar Artery , Skin
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 701-707, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009121

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore method and clinical effect of microsurgical thinned anterolateral thigh perforator flap to repair soft tissue defects of foot and ankle.@*METHODS@#From March 2017 to January 2022, totally 20 patients with soft tissue defects of ankle joint were treated with micro-thinning anterolateral perforator flap for free transplantation, included 13 males and 7 females, aged from 22 to 58 years old with an average of (36.45±12.36) years old. The size of flap ranged from 8.0 cm×5.0 cm to 20.0 cm×12.0 cm. Before operation, perforating vessels on the anterolateral thigh region were detected and marked with a portable Doppler detector. For the defect width less than 8 cm, 11 patients were repaired with a single flap. For the defect width more than 8 cm, the wound could not be sutured directly, and the lobulated flap technique was used in 9 patients, the width was converted to length, and the donor site was closed directly. Under the microscope, all flaps were thinened in a stepwise manner from the center of the pedicle to the periphery. After operation, survival of the flap, the shape, texture, sensory function recovery were observes, and recovery of foot function was evaluated by Maryland foot function evaluation standard.@*RESULTS@#All 20 patients with microsurgical thinned anterolateral thigh perforator flaps were survived. Venous crisis occurred in 1 patient due to subcutaneous hematoma, after removal of the hematoma, the crisis was relieved and the flap survived successfully. The wounds in the donor and recipient sites healed well, and only linear scars left in the donor sites. Twenty patients were followed up for 3 to 26 months after operation, good shape of flaps without bloated, and good texture. The two-point discrimination of free flaps ranged from 9.0 to 16.0 mm, and the protective sensation was restored. The ankle flexion and extension function recovered well and patients could walk normally. According to Maryland foot function evaluation standard, 8 patients got excellent result, 10 patients good and 2 middle.@*CONCLUSION@#Microsurgical thinned anterolateral thigh perforator flap is an ideal method to repair soft tissue defects in functional area of foot and ankle, with good appearance and texture of the flap, no need for re-plastic surgery, reduced hospitalization costs, and less donor site damage.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Ankle/surgery , Thigh/surgery , Ankle Joint , Perforator Flap , Hematoma
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6676-6681, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008865

ABSTRACT

Nine compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of Salacia polysperma by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, together with preparative HPLC methods. Based on HR-ESI-MS, MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectral analyses, the structures of the nine compounds were identified as 28-hydroxy wilforlide B(1), wilforlide A(2), 1β,3β-dihydroxyurs-9(11),12-diene(3),(-)-epicatechin(4),(+)-catechin(5),(-)-4'-O-methyl-ent-galloepicatechin(6), 3-hydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl)propan-1-one(7),(-)-(7S,8R)-4-hydroxy-3,3',5'-trimethoxy-8',9'-dinor-8,4'-oxyneoligna-7,9-diol-7'-aldehyde(8), and vanillic acid(9). Compound 1 is a new oleanane-type triterpene lactone. Compounds 1, 3, 4, 7-9 were isolated from the Salacia genus for the first time. All compounds were assayed for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. The results suggested that compound 8 exhibited moderate α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, with an IC_(50) value of 37.2 μmol·L~(-1), and the other compounds showed no α-glucosidase inhibitory activity.


Subject(s)
Salacia/chemistry , alpha-Glucosidases , Triterpenes/pharmacology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ethanol , Molecular Structure
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5817-5821, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008779

ABSTRACT

Eight compounds were isolated from ethyl acetate fraction of 80% ethanol extract of the hulls of Garcinia mangostana by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, as well as prep-HPLC methods. By HR-ESI-MS, MS, 1D and 2D NMR spectral analyses, the structures of the eight compounds were identified as 16-en mangostenone E(1), α-mangostin(2), 1,7-dihydroxy-2-(3-methy-lbut-2-enyl)-3-methoxyxanthone(3), cratoxyxanthone(4), 2,6-dimethoxy-para-benzoquinone(5), methyl orselinate(6), ficusol(7), and 4-(4-carboxy-2-methoxyphenoxy)-3,5-dimethoxybenzoic acid(8). Compound 1 was a new xanthone, and compound 4 was a xanthone dimer, compound 5 was a naphthoquinone. All compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time except compounds 2 and 3. Cytotoxic bioassay suggested that compounds 1, 2 and 4 possessed moderate cytotoxicity, suppressing HeLa cell line with IC_(50) va-lues of 24.3, 35.5 and 17.1 μmol·L~(-1), respectively. Compound 4 also could suppress K562 cells with an IC_(50) value of 39.8 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Humans , Garcinia mangostana/chemistry , HeLa Cells , Antineoplastic Agents , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Xanthones/pharmacology , Garcinia/chemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Molecular Structure
7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 807-814, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory role of the long non-coding RNA LINC00926 in pyroptosis of hypoxia-induced human umbilical vein vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs) and explore the molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#HUVECs were transfected with a LINC00926-overexpressing plasmid (OE-LINC00926), a siRNA targeting ELAVL1, or both, followed by exposure to hypoxia (5% O2) or normoxia. The expression of LINC00926 and ELAVL1 in hypoxia-treated HUVECs was detected using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. Cell proliferation was detected using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), and the levels of IL-1β in the cell cultures was determined with ELISA. The protein expression levels of pyroptosis-related proteins (caspase-1, cleaved caspase-1 and NLRP3) in the treated cells were analyzed using Western blotting, and the binding between LINC00926 and ELAVL1 was verified with RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay.@*RESULTS@#Exposure to hypoxia obviously up-regulated the mRNA expression of LINC00926 and the protein expression of ELAVL1 in HUVECs, but did not affect the mRNA expression of ELAVL1. LINC00926 overexpression in the cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation, increased IL-1β level and enhanced the expressions of pyroptosis-related proteins (all P < 0.05). LINC00926 overexpression further up-regulated the protein expression of ELAVL1 in hypoxia-exposed HUVECs. The results of RIP assay confirmed the binding between LINC00926 and ELAVL1. ELAVL1 knockdown significantly decreased IL-1β level and the expressions of pyroptosis-related proteins in hypoxia-exposed HUVECs (P < 0.05), while LINC00926 overexpression partially reversed the effects of ELAVL1 knockdown.@*CONCLUSION@#LINC00926 promotes pyroptosis of hypoxia-induced HUVECs by recruiting ELAVL1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Caspase 1 , ELAV-Like Protein 1 , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Pyroptosis , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Cell Hypoxia
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 459-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical phenotype and genetic characteristics of disorders of sex development (DSD) caused by Y chromosome copy number variant (CNV). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 3 patients diagnosed with DSD caused by Y chromosome CNV admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January, 2018 to September, 2022. Clinical data were collected. Clinical study and genetic test were performed by karyotyping, whole exome sequencing (WES), low coverage whole genome copy number variant sequencing (CNV-seq), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and gonadal biopsy. Results: The 3 children, aged 12, 9, 9 years, the social gender were all female, presented with short stature, gonadal dysplasia and normal female external genital. No other phenotypic abnormality was found except for case 1 with scoliosis. The karyotype of all cases were identified as 46, XY. No pathogenic vraiants were found by WES. CNV-seq determined that case 1 was 47, XYY,+Y(2.12) and case 2 was 46, XY,+Y(1.6). FISH concluded that the long arm of Y chromosome was broken and recombined near Yq11.2, and then produced a pseudodicentric chromosome idic(Y). The karyotype was reinterpreted as mos 47, X, idic(Y)(q11.23)×2(10)/46, X, idic(Y)(q11.23)(50) in case 1. The karyotype was redefined as 45, XO(6)/46, X, idic(Y)(q11.22)(23)/46, X, del(Y)(q11.22)(1) in case 2. 46, XY, -Y(mos) was found by CNV-seq in case 3, and the karyotype of 45, XO/46, XY was speculated. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of children with DSD caused by Y chromosome CNV are short stature and gonadal dysgenesis. If there is an increase of Y chromosome CNV detected by CNV-seq, FISH is recommended to classify the structural variation of Y chromosome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , DNA Copy Number Variations , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Turner Syndrome
9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1011-1017, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985513

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish reference values for carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) of adult dwellers in Shenzhen City. Methods: The study was conducted based on the Shenzhen heart failure epidemiological survey from 2021 to 2022. In this survey, residents aged 18 years and above in Shenzhen were selected by using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method. General information, cardiovascular disease (CVD) related behavior and carotid ultrasound examination and etc. were collected from the participants. People with CVD factors, a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, carotid plaque or having no carotid ultrasound examination results were excluded. The parameter regression model based on fractional polynomial was used to establish the reference values of CIMT by age and sex. Results: A total of 2 163 healthy individuals were enrolled in the final analysis, including 576 males (26.6%) and 1 587 females (73.4%). The fractional polynomial regression of the CIMT mean and standard deviation was obtained. For men, the regression was meanCIMT=0.324 7+0.006 9×age and SDCIMT=0.076 9+0.001 2×age. For women, the regression was meanCIMT=0.354 9+0.005 4×age and SDCIMT=0.041 6+0.002 0×age. Conclusion: The age and sex reference values for CIMT of adult people in Shenzhen established in this study could provide the latest reference standards for early screening of subclinical CVD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Female , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Cardiovascular Diseases , Reference Values , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Carotid Arteries , Risk Factors , Carotid Artery Diseases
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 513-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984683

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of mildly or severely symptomatic patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (OHCM) who underwent alcohol septal ablation (ASA). Methods: This retrospective study cohort consisted of patients with OHCM who received ASA treatment in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2001 to August 2021. These patients were divided into mildly and severely symptomatic groups according to the severity of clinical symptoms. Long-term follow-up was conducted, and the following data were collected: duration of follow-up, postoperatire treatment, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, arrhythmia events and pacemaker implantation, echocardiographic parameters, and cause of death. Overall survival and survival free from OHCM-related death were observed, and the improvement of clinical symptoms and resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) and the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation were evaluated. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to determine and compare the cumulative survival rates of the different groups. Cox regression analysis models were used to determine predictors of clinical events. Results: A total of 189 OHCM patients were included in this study, including 68 in the mildly symptomatic group and 121 in the severely symptomatic group. The median follow-up of the study was 6.0 (2.7, 10.6) years. There was no statistical difference in overall survival between the mildly symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year overall survival were 97.0% and 94.4%, respectively) and the severely symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year overall survival were 94.2% and 83.9%, respectively, P=0.405); there was also no statistical difference in survival free from OHCM-related death between the mildly symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year survival free from HCM-related death were 97.0% and 94.4%, respectively) and the severely symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year survival free from HCM-related death were 95.2% and 92.6%, respectively, P=0.846). In the mildly symptomatic group, NYHA classification was improved after ASA (P<0.001), among which 37 patients (54.4%) were in NYHA class Ⅰ, and the resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) decreased from 67.6 (42.7, 90.1) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to 24.4 (11.7, 35.6) mmHg (P<0.001). In severely symptomatic group, NYHA classification was also improved post ASA (P<0.001), among which 96 patients (79.3%) improved by at least one NYHA classification, and the resting LVOTG decreased from 69.6 (38.4, 96.1) mmHg to 19.0 (10.6, 39.8) mmHg (P<0.001). The incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation was similar between the mildly and severely symptomatic groups (10.2% vs. 13.3%, P=0.565). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in OHCM patients post ASA (HR=1.068, 95%CI 1.002-1.139, P=0.042). Conclusions: Among patients with OHCM treated with ASA, overall survival and survival free from HCM-related death were similar between mildly symptomatic group and severely symptomatic group. ASA therapy can effectively relieve resting LVOTG and improve clinical symptoms in mildly or severely symptomatic patients with OHCM. Age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in OHCM patients post ASA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Atrial Fibrillation , Heart Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2454-2460, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999137

ABSTRACT

In this study, the flow injection (FI) technology combined with the unique step wise multiple ions monitoring scanning (step-wise MIM) mode of Qtrap-MS was first established for the identification and discrimination of eight Murraya species. It only takes 5 min for each sample to detect approximate 600 compounds. The characteristic MS chromatograms of eight Murraya plants were analyzed by Analyst and SIMCA-P. The results of PCA showed that sect. Murraya and sect. Bergera were clearly divided into two categories, suggesting that there is difference in the chemical compositions between these two groups. Further detail analysis of the MS data could realize the preliminary structure elucidation of the component types contained in different plants. The main components in M. exotica and M. alata are coumarins, and polymethoxyflavones are rich in M. paniculata, while carbazole alkaloids are the major ones in sect. Bergera plants. The results are consistent with our previous comprehensive analysis of the chemical components of Murraya species. In conclusion, our research confirmed that FI-Qtrap-MS technology can be used for rapid identification and differentiation of similar plant species, providing reference for chemical taxonomy and a new method for the quality evaluation of medicinal materials.

12.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 582-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994601

ABSTRACT

Objective:By analyzing the clinical data of patients with primary duodenal adenocarcinoma (PDA), the risk factors affecting the postoperative prognosis of PDA patients were discussed.Methods:The clinical data of 191 patients diagnosed with PDA in Peking University First Hospital from Jan 2009 to Dec 2022 were collected. The survival rate was calculated and the survival curve was plotted by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate analysis was performed by Log-Rank test, and multivariate analysis was performed by COX proportional hazards regression model to obtain independent risk factors.Results:The median age of onset in patients with PDA is 65 years old, and the most common symptoms are abdominal pain and abdominal distension. Prognostic analysis showed that the survival rates at 1, 3 and 5 years were 73.8%, 44.6%, and 23.0%. The analysis of Cox risk proportional regression model showed that preoperative CA19-9 level, depth of tumor invasion, degree of differentiation, TNM stage, and surgical mode were independent risk factors for the prognosis of PDA (all P<0.01). Conclusion:The overall incidence of PDA is low, but the prognosis is rather poor. Multvariable factors are associated with its prognosis and surgery is still the mainstay for hope of cure.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 155-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993299

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy is an important surgical undertaking, mostly used for benign and malignant tumors in the pancreatic head and periampullary region. The postoperative pancreatic fistula is the main factor to cause death after pancreaticoduodenectomy, and pancreaticojejunostomy is an independent risk factor for pancreatic fistula. In order to reduce the incidence of pancreatic fistula, surgeons have proposed dozens of pancreaticojejunostomy, but so far there are no randomized trials proved which method of pancreaticojejunostomy is better than the others. This article reviews the methods and characteristics of different pancreaticojejunostomy in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 453-459, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922914

ABSTRACT

Based on near infrared spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography, this paper established the regression relationship between near infrared spectroscopy and index component content of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid, so as to realize the rapid detection of index component content based on near infrared spectroscopy. Magnolol, honokiol and hesperidin were used as the quality indexes of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid. After using the first derivative and normalization pretreatment method, characteristic variables were screened by CARS, and the correction model was finally established by partial least-squares regression (PLSR) method. The method accuracy was evaluated with the external validation, and the prediction results were tested for significance. The results indicated that when the near infrared spectrum was scanned through the bottle, the model's correlation coefficients of prediction (Rp) were higher than 0.99, the root mean square errors of the prediction models (RMSEP) were all less than 0.008 4, and the relative standard errors of prediction set (RSEP) were all less than 2.83%. There was no significant difference in the predicted results between these two kinds of model. The models established in the non-destructive way have good performance and high prediction accuracy. The rapid and nondestructive way has application value in the quality control of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1293-1299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928055

ABSTRACT

This study established a method for rapid quantification of terpene lactone, bilobalide, ginkgolide C, ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B in the chromatographic process of Ginkgo Folium based on near infrared spectroscopy(NIRS). The effects of competitive adaptive reweighting sampling(CARS), random frog(RF), and synergy interval partial least squares(siPLS) on the performance of partial least squares regression(PLSR) model were compared to the reference values measured by HPLC. Among them, the correlation coefficients of prediction(Rp) of validation sets of terpene lactone, bilobalide, and ginkgolide C were all higher than 0.98, and the relative standard errors of prediction(RSEPs) were 5.87%, 6.90% and 6.63%, respectively. Aiming at ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B with relatively low content, the genetic algorithm joint extreme learning machine(GA-ELM) was used to establish the optimized quantitative analysis model. Compared with CARS-PLSR model, the CARS-GA-ELM models of ginkgolide A and ginkgolide B exhibited a reduction in RSEP from 15.65% to 8.52% and from 21.28% to 10.84%, respectively, which met the needs of quantitative ana-lysis. It has been proved that NIRS can be used for the rapid detection of various lactone components in the chromatographic process of Ginkgo Folium.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ginkgo biloba , Lactones/analysis , Least-Squares Analysis , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared/methods
16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 199-207, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927866

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the psychological status of staff at the centers for disease control and prevention(CDC) in Sichuan during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) and explore the influencing factors. Methods The staff at Sichuan provincial,municipal,and county(district)-level CDC were selected by convenience sampling.Their basic information,work status,training status,work difficulties,and support from the work group were collected from the self-filled questionnaires online.The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale and the 9-question Patient Health Questionnaire were respectively employed to measure the anxiety and depression of the staff.The stepwise Logistic regression was carried out to analyze the influencing factors of anxiety and depression in CDC staff. Results Among the 653 staff,58.35% and 50.06% presented anxiety and depression,respectively.The regression results showed that age(OR=0.95,95%CI=0.92-0.97) and mental support from the work group(OR=0.61,95%CI=0.45-0.82) were the protective factors while physical fatigue(OR=1.82,95%CI=1.20-2.74),work pressure(OR=1.61,95%CI=1.21-2.12),and insufficient protective equipment(OR=1.92,95%CI=1.06-3.49) were the risk factors for depression of CDC staff.Age(OR=0.97,95%CI=0.94-0.99),length of sleep per day(OR=0.74,95%CI=0.56-0.96),and participation in technical training(OR=0.33,95%CI=0.12-0.95) were the protective factors while mental fatigue(OR=1.68,95%CI=1.18-2.41),work pressure(OR=2.94,95%CI=2.08-4.17),and unclear incentive system for overtime(OR=1.99,95%CI=1.23-3.23) were the risk factors for the anxiety of CDC staff. Conclusion The anxiety and depression status of CDC staff during the COVID-19 outbreak were worrying,which were mainly affected by age,sleep,supply of protective equipment,incentive system,fatigue,and work pressure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disease Outbreaks , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires , United States
17.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 20-27, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928930

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Pai-Neng-Da Capsule (, panaxadiol saponins component, PNDC) in combination with the cyclosporine and androgen for patients with chronic aplastic anemia (CAA).@*METHODS@#A total of 79 CAA patients was randomly divided into 2 groups by a random number table, including PCA group [43 cases, orally PNDC 320 mg/d plus cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 80 mg/d] and CA group [36 cases, orally cyclosporine 5 mg/(kg·d) plus andriol 160 mg/d]. All patients were treated and followed-up for 6 treatment courses over 24 weeks. The complete blood counts, score of Chinese medical (CM) symptoms were assessed and urine routine, electrocardiogram, hepatic and renal function were observed for safety evaluation. Female masculinization rating scale was established according to the actual clinical manifestations to evaluate the accurate degree of masculinization in female CAA patients treated by andriol.@*RESULTS@#The effective rates were 88.1% (37/42) in the PCA group and 77.8% (28/36) in the CA group based on the standard for the therapeutic efficacy evaluation of hematopathy. There was no significant difference in the white blood cell (WBC) counts, platelet counts and hemoglobin concentration of peripheral blood between two groups after 6 months treatment. The masculinization score of female patient in the PCA group was significantly lower than the CA group (P<0.05). The mild abdominal distention was observed in 1 cases in the PCA group. In CA group, the abnormalities in the hepatic function developed in 2 cases and the renal disfunction was found in 1 case.@*CONCLUSION@#The PNDC possesses certain curative effects in the treatment of CAA without obvious side-effects and can partially replace andriol thereby to reduce the degree of masculinization [Registried at Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChicTR1900028153)].


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Androgens , Anemia, Aplastic/drug therapy , China , Nonprescription Drugs , Saponins/therapeutic use
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 458-467, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To select variables related to mortality risk of stroke patients in intensive care unit (ICU) through long short-term memory (LSTM) with attention mechanisms and Logistic regression with L1 norm, and to construct mortality risk prediction model based on conventional Logistic regression with important variables selected from the two models and to evaluate the model performance.@*METHODS@#Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC)-Ⅳ database was retrospectively analyzed and the patients who were primarily diagnosed with stroke were selected as study population. The outcome was defined as whether the patient died in hospital after admission. Candidate predictors included demogra-phic information, complications, laboratory tests and vital signs in the initial 48 h after ICU admission. The data were randomly divided into a training set and a test set for ten times at a ratio of 8 ∶2. In training sets, LSTM with attention mechanisms and Logistic regression with L1 norm were constructed to select important variables. In the test sets, the mean importance of variables of ten times was used as a reference to pick out the top 10 variables in each of the two models, and then these variables were included in conventional Logistic regression to build the final prediction model. Model evaluation was based on the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. And the model performance was compared with the forward Logistic regression model which hadn't conducted variable selection previously.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 755 patients with 2 979 ICU admission records were included in the analysis, of which 526 recorded deaths. The AUC of Logistic regression model with L1 norm was statistically better than that of LSTM with attention mechanisms (0.819±0.031 vs. 0.760±0.018, P < 0.001). Age, blood glucose, and blood urea nitrogen were at the top ten important variables in both of the two models. AUC, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of Logistic regression models were 0.85, 85.98%, 71.74% and 74.26%, respectively. And the final prediction model was superior to forward Logistic regression model.@*CONCLUSION@#The variables selected by Logistic regression with L1 norm and LSTM with attention mechanisms had good prediction performance, which showed important implications on the mortality prediction of stroke patients in ICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Critical Care , Intensive Care Units , Logistic Models , Memory, Short-Term , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Stroke
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 369-374, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935156

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the therapeutic effects of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) in mildly symptomatic patients (NYHA class Ⅱ) with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy(HOCM). Methods: This retrospective study included 150 mildly symptomatic patients with HOCM hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from March 2001 to December 2017, consisting of medical therapy group (n=102) and ASA group (n=48). Baseline clinical data were collected, patients were followed up to a mean of 6.0 (3.5, 8.1) years. Overall and HCM-related mortality events (including chronic heart failure, atrial fibrillation related stroke, sudden cardiac death) were observed in the two groups. Moreover, the improvement of NYHA function classification and left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) were also evaluated. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. Results: Age of this cohort was (52.9±14.5)years, 92 cases(61.3%) were male. In the follow-up, LVOTG was reduced from (85.8±35.4)mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (27.7±19.8)mmHg (P<0.001) in the ASA group, and from (66.3±35.0)mmHg to (56.5±27.7)mmHg in medical therapy group(P<0.01). At the last clinical follow-up, there were 32 patients (66.7%) whose LVOTG were<30 mmHg, septal thickness decreased from (20.3±3.8)mm to (16.1±3.4)mm (P<0.001), NYHA classification was also remarkably improved (P<0.001). New-onset atrial fibrillation tended to be lower in the ASA group compared to medical therapy group (9.3%(4/43) vs. 20.8%(20/96),P=0.096). Eleven patients (10.8%) in the medical therapy group and 2 patients (4.2%) in the ASA group died during the follow-up. One patient received pacemaker during the peri-procedural period, 1 patient was implanted with two-chamber pacemaker due to Ⅲ° atrioventricular block at 10 years after operation in the ASA group. Survival free of all-cause mortality of ASA group at 5 and 10 years was 97.9% and 97.9%, respectively, which was comparable to the medical therapy group (P=0.231). Survival free of HCM-related mortality was similar between the two groups (P=0.397). Conclusions: Compared with medical therapy in mildly symptomatic patients with HOCM, long-term survival rate is similar after ASA. Meanwhile, ASA can remarkably reduce LVOTG and improve the clinical status of the patients. Therefore, ASA may be used as an alternative therapy for mildly symptomatic HOCM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/therapy , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Heart Septum/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 939-948, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970089

ABSTRACT

Vascular calcification is an important pathophysiological basis of cardiovascular disease with its underlying mechanism unclear. In recent years, studies have shown that aging is one of the risk factors for vascular calcification. The purpose of this study was to investigate the microenvironmental characteristics of vascular calcification, identify aging/senescence-induced genes (ASIGs) closely related to calcified plaques, and explore the evolution trajectory of vascular calcification cell subsets. Based on the bioinformatics method, the single cell transcriptome sequencing data (Gene Expression Omnibus: GSE159677) of carotid artery samples from 3 patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy were grouped and annotated. Vascular calcification-related aging genes were identified by ASIGs data set. The pseudotime trend of ASIGs in cell subsets was analyzed by Monocle 3, and the evolution of vascular calcification cells was revealed. After quality control, all cells were divided into 8 cell types, including B cells, T cells, smooth muscle cells, macrophages, endothelial cells, fibroblasts, mast cells, and progenitor cells. Ten ASIGs related to vascular calcification were screened from the data set of ASIGs, which include genes encoding complement C1qA (C1QA), superoxide dismutase 3 (SOD3), lysozyme (LYZ), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-7 (IGFBP7), complement C1qB (C1QB), complement C1qC (C1QC), Caveolin 1 (CAV1), von Willebrand factor (vWF), clusterin (CLU), and αB-crystallin (CRYAB). Pseudotime analysis showed that all cell subsets were involved in the progression of vascular calcification, and these ASIGs may play an important role in cell evolution. In summary, AGIS plays an important role in the progression of vascular calcification, and these high expression genes may provide ideas for early diagnosis and treatment of vascular calcification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endothelial Cells , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Aging , Vascular Calcification/metabolism , Computational Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/metabolism
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