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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 805-811, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996621

ABSTRACT

@#Mitral regurgitation is the most common heart valvular disease at present. In the past, mitral regurgitation was mainly treated by surgical mitral valve repair or replacement. However, with the progress of transcatheter interventional techniques and instruments in recent years, transcatheter mitral valve interventional therapy has gradually shown its advantages and benefited patients. The purpose of this article is to review the progress of transcatheter mitral valve intervention in this year, and to provide prospects for the future of transcatheter mitral valve treatment.

2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 89-95, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971322

ABSTRACT

The primary chemical components of Astragalus membranaceus include polysaccharides, saponins, flavonoids, and amino acids. Recent studies have shown that Astragalus membranaceus has multiple functions, including improving immune function and exerting antioxidative, anti-radiation, anti-tumor, antibacterial, antiviral, and hormone-like effects. Astragalus membranaceus and its extracts are widely used in clinical practice because they have obvious therapeutic effects against various autoimmune diseases and relatively less adverse reaction. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of central nervous system (CNS), which mainly caused by immune disorder that leads to inflammatory demyelination, inflammatory cell infiltration, and axonal degeneration in the CNS. In this review, the authors analyzed the clinical manifestations of MS and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and focused on the efficacy of Astragalus membranaceus and its chemical components in the treatment of MS/EAE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Astragalus propinquus/chemistry , Multiple Sclerosis/drug therapy , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Polysaccharides
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 235-239, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940539

ABSTRACT

Based on the clinical characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS) in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine and literature analysis, this paper aims to formulate the diagnostic criteria of TCM and western medicine for MS. Moreover, the modeling methods of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), animals for the modeling, and characteristics of the models were analyzed and summarized, and the consistency between the EAE models and the diagnostic criteria of TCM and western medicine was evaluated. The results showed that animal models had low consistency with the clinical characteristics in TCM (highest consistency 68%) and western medicine (highest consistency 60%). Pathological models account for the majority of animal models for MS research, but there is a lack of intuitive performance indicators. Thus, it is difficult to comprehensively evaluate the models. The mental state, limb numbness, lack of strength, loss of muscle tone, tremor, and balance disorders of the mice are among the diagnostic criteria in western medicine. In TCM diagnostic criteria, the major symptoms which are reflected in animal behavior, such as physical fatigue, lack of strength, mental fatigue, distinclination to talk, and weak heavy numb limbs, are consistent with the western diagnostic criteria. The minor symptoms, including mental decline, bitter taste in mouth, frequent and urgent urination, fecal incontinence, and aggravated fever, are not well reflected in the models. According to TCM, MS is caused by deficiency of kidney essence and external contraction of pathogen, but no index is available for evaluating the external contraction of pathogen in existing animal models. The key to experimental research on MS is to establish an appropriate animal model based on the clinical pathogenesis and characteristics. However, there is a lack of MS animal model with TCM characteristics for syndrome classification. Therefore, renewed efforts should be made to prepare animal models with both TCM and western medicine characteristics that can be used in both basic experiments and clinical research.

4.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 137-141, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935117

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the novel Prizvalve® system in treating severe aortic stenosis. Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, single-arm, observational study. A total of 11 patients with severe aortic stenosis with high risk or inappropriate for conventional surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) were included, and TAVI was achieved with the Prizvalve® system between March 2021 and May 2021 in West China Hospital. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed immediately after prosthesis implantation to evaluate mean transaortic gradient and maximal transaortic velocity. The device success rate was calculated, which was defined as (1) the device being delivered via the access, deployed, implanted and withdrawn, (2) mean transaortic gradient<20 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) or a maximal transaortic velocity<3 m/s post TAVI, and without severe aortic regurgitation or paravalvular leak post TAVI. TTE was performed at 30 days after the surgery, and all-cause mortality as well as the major cardiovascular adverse events (including acute myocardial infarction, disabling hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke) up to 30 days post TAVI were analyzed. Results: The age of 11 included patients were (78.1±6.3) years, with 8 males. A total of 10 patients were with NYHA functional class Ⅲ or Ⅳ. Devices were delivered via the access, deployed, implanted and withdrawn successfully in all patients. Post-implant mean transaortic gradient was (7.55±4.08) mmHg and maximal transaortic velocity was (1.78±0.44) m/s, and both decreased significantly as compared to baseline levels (both P<0.05). No severe aortic regurgitation or paravalvular leak was observed post TAVI. Device success was achieved in all the 11 patients. No patient died or experienced major cardiovascular adverse events up to 30 days post TAVI. Mean transaortic gradient was (9.45±5.07) mmHg and maximal transaortic velocity was (2.05±0.42) m/s at 30 days post TAVI, which were similar as the values measured immediately post TAVI (both P>0.05). Conclusions: TAVI with the Prizvalve® system is a feasible and relatively safe procedure for patients with severe aortic stenosis and at high risk or inappropriate for SAVR. Further clinical studies could be launched to obtain more clinical experience with Prizvalve® system.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Aortic Valve , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Prospective Studies , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome
5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 613-621, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939600

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the prevalence of dry and wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in patients with diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia, and to analyze the risk factors for AMD.@*Methods@#A population-based cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted involving 14,440 individuals. We assessed the prevalence of dry and wet AMD in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects and analyzed the risk factors for AMD.@*Results@#The prevalence of wet AMD in diabetic and non-diabetic patients was 0.3% and 0.5%, respectively, and the prevalence of dry AMD was 17% and 16.4%, respectively. The prevalence of wet AMD in healthy, hypertensive, hyperlipidemic, and hypertensive/hyperlipidemic populations was 0.5%, 0.3%, 0.2%, and 0.7%, respectively. The prevalence of dry AMD in healthy, hypertensive, hyperlipidemic, and hypertensive/hyperlipidemic populations was 16.6%, 16.2%, 15.2%, and 17.2%, respectively. Age, sex, body mass index, and use of hypoglycemic drugs or lowering blood pressure drugs were corrected in the risk factor analysis of AMD. Diabetes, diabetes/hypertension, diabetes/hyperlipidemia, and diabetes/hypertension/hyperlipidemia were analyzed. None of the factors analyzed in the current study increased the risk for the onset of AMD.@*Conclusion@#There was no significant difference in the prevalence of wet and dry AMD among diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. Similarly, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of wet and dry AMD among subjects with hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Diabetes co-existing with hypertension and hyperlipidemia were not shown to be risk factors for the onset of dry AMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Hyperlipidemias/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Macular Degeneration/etiology , Risk Factors
6.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 647-654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888223

ABSTRACT

In order to study the effect of light with different wavelengths on the motion behavior of carp robots, phototaxis experiment, anatomical experiment, light control experiment and speed measurement experiment were carried out in this study. Blue, green, yellow and red light with different wavelength were used to conduct phototaxis experiments on carp to observe their movement behavior. By dissecting the skull bones of the carp to determine the appropriate location to carry the light control device, we independently developed a light control carrying device which was suitable for any illumination intensity environment. The experiment of the light-controlled carp robots was carried out. The motion behavior of the carp robot was checked by using computer binocular stereo vision technology. The motion trajectory of the carp robot was tracked and obtained by applying kernel correlation filter (KCF) algorithm. The motion velocity of the carp robot at different wavelengths was calculated according to their motion trajectory. The results showed that carps' sensitivity to different light changed from strong to weak in the order of blue, red, yellow and green, so that using light with different wavelengths to control the speed of the carp robot has certain laws to follow. A new method to avoid brain damage in carp robots control can be provided in this study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Algorithms , Carps , Motion , Phototaxis , Robotics
7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 229-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the short-term clinical effect of arthroscopic and open reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screws in treatment of Mason type II radial head fractures.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 38 patients with unilateral radial head fractures (Mason type II) admitted to Shanghai Zhongye Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018, including 22 males and 16 females, aged from 20 to 65 years [(37.4±12.6)years]. Twenty patients were treated by arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screw (Group A), and eighteen by open reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screw (Group B). The operation time and fracture healing time were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), elbow flexion and extension range, forearm rotation range and Mayo elbow function score were compared between the two groups before and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after operation. The results of Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) and upper limb function assessment using the disabilites of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score were compared between the two groups. Complications including screw breakage or fracture displacement were also evaluated.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-14 months [(12.3±2.3)months]. There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). The fracture healing time was (8.9±0.6)weeks in Group A and (8.7±0.6)weeks in Group B ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The VAS was (4.8±0.5)points at 1 month after operation in Group A, lower than (6.0±0.7)points in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS between Group A and Group B at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in elbow flexion and extension range between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The elbow flexion and extension range in Group A was (110.4±3.8)° and (137.1±4.0)° at 1, 3 months after operation, which was significant greater than (90.6±4.7)° and (125.1±3.5)° in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in elbow flexion and extension range between the two groups at 6 and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the range of forearm rotation between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The range of forearm rotation in Group A was (107.1±2.8)° and (138.1±2.9)° at 1, 3 months after operation, significantly greater than (95.5±3.9)°, (121.5±3.0)° in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in forearm rotation range between the two groups at 6 and 12 months after surgery ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in MEPS between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The MEPS in Group A was (50.4±3.8)points at 1 month after operation, higher than (40.6±4.7)points in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in MEPS between the two groups at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in DASH score between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The DASH score was (57.1±2.8)points at 1 month after surgery in Group A, higher than (42.5±3.9)points in Group B ( P<0.05). The DASH score was not significantly different between the two groups at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no screw loosening or fracture after operation, and one patient in each group had fracture displacement ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For Mason type II radial head fractures, arthroscopic Herbert screw fixation has the advantages of less trauma, less pain and faster functional recovery of the affected limb compared with open reduction and Herbert screw fixation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1019-1024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of dual-energy CT (DECT) mixed images CT in predicting hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after endovascular therapy (EVT) of acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:From October 2018 to January 2020, the immediate dual-energy CT images of intracranial high attenuation (HA) regions in patients with AIS after endovascular treatment in Wuhan No.1 Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the diagnostic criteria of CT or diffusion weighted image in 72 hours of follow-up, they were classified into HT group and non-HT group. The CT value of mixed images, contrast media, and virtual non-enhancement (VNC) and iodine concentration in the highest attenuation areas were measured. Intragroup correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the consistency among the readers; Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the difference between the two groups of quantitative parameters; Spearman correlation analysis was uesd for evaluating correlation between mixed images CT value and contrast media CT value, VNC CT value, and iodine concentration. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the quantitative parameters to predict the diagnostic efficacy of HT. Results:A total of 154 cases were enrolled, with 65 cases in the HT group and 89 cases in the non-HT group. The intraclass correlation coefficient of CT values of mixed images was 0.861 ( P<0.05). Comparing the non-HT group and the HT group,the CT value of mixed images [59.40(54.84, 63.05) HU vs 100.10(79.90, 122.40) HU, Z=-10.87, P<0.001],contrast agent CT value [24.90(20.75, 30.05) HU vs 66.60(47.10, 84.15) HU, Z=-10.85, P<0.001] and iodine concentration [1.10(1.00, 1.30) mg/ml vs 2.90(2.05, 3.65) mg/ml, Z=-10.85, P<0.001] both increased in the HT group, but there was no significant difference in VNC CT values between the two groups [33.60(31.80, 35.70) HU vs 34.30(30.90, 38.00) HU, Z=-0.50, P=0.62]. There was a highly significant correlation between the CT value of mixed images and iodine concentration ( r=0.99, P<0.01). Using CT value>72.60 HU as the diagnostic cutoff value for predicting HT, the sensitivity and specificity were 89.23% and 95.51%, respectively. Conclusions:The CT value of DECT mixed images after EVT can be used to predict HT within 72 hours. When DECT was not available, conventional CT scan′s intracranial HA density over 72.60 HU can be selected as the cutoff value for predicting HT.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 122-124, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873609

ABSTRACT

@#Reoperation due to degenerated bioprostheses is an important factor of high-risk thoracic surgeries. In 2020 ACC/AHA guideline, Valve in Valve (ViV) was recommended for high-risk patient instead of surgical mitral valve replacement. This report described a 77-year-old male patient with a failed mitral bioprosthetic valve, evaluated at high risk of surgery, received a transvenous, transseptal transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). Tracheal intubation was removed at CCU 3 h after surgery without discomfort such as polypnea. The patient was transferred out of the CCU and discharged on the 3rd day. Compared with transapical access, transvenous transseptal access was less invasive, with shorter duration in CCU and hospitalization.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2678-2684, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921230

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The past decade has witnessed an ever-increasing momentum of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and a subsequent paradigm shift in the contemporary management of severe aortic stenosis (AS). We conducted a multi-centric TAVR registry based on Chinese patients (the China Aortic valve tRanscatheter Replacement registrY [CARRY]) to delineate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Chinese patients who underwent TAVR and compare the results between different valve types in different Chinese regions.@*METHODS@#CARRY is an all-comer registry of aortic valve disease patients undergoing TAVR across China and was designed as an observational study that retrospectively included all TAVR patients at each participating site. Seven hospitals in China participated in the CARRY, and 1204 patients from April 2012 to November 2020 were included. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-squared test, and continuous variables were analyzed using a t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate the risk of adverse events during follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the patients was 73.8 ± 6.5 years and 57.2% were male. The median Society of Thoracic Surgeon-Predicted Risk of Mortality score was 6.0 (3.7-8.9). Regarding the aortic valve, the proportion of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) was 48.5%. During the hospital stay, the stroke rate was 0.7%, and the incidence of high-degree atrioventricular block indicating permanent pacemaker implantation was 11.0%. The in-hospital all-cause mortality rate was 2.2%. After 1 year, the overall mortality rate was 4.5%. Compared to patients with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV), those with BAV had similar in-hospital complication rates, but a lower incidence of in-hospital mortality (1.4% vs. 3.3%) and 1 year mortality (2.3% vs. 5.8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAVR candidates in China were younger, higher proportion of BAV, and had lower rates of post-procedural complications and mortality than other international all-comer registries. Given the use of early generation valves in the majority of the population, patients with BAV had similar rates of complications, but lower mortality than those with TAV. These findings further propel the extension of TAVR in low-risk patients.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#https://www.chictr.org.cn/ (No. ChiCTR2000038526).


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1055-1060, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) chitinase-3-like-1 protein (YKL-40) in the diagnosis of anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5)-positive dermatomyositis (DM) patients complicated with serious pulmonary injury, including rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD) and pulmonary infection.@*METHODS@#Anti-MDA5 antibodies positive patients with DM who were hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were involved in this study. Demographic information, clinical, laboratory and imaging data were retrospectively collected. ELISA was used to detect the serum and BALF levels of YKL-40. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn, and the area under ROC curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum YKL-40 for pulmonary injury.Interstitial lung disease (ILD) was confirmed by chest high-resolution CT (HRCT). RP-ILD was defined as progressive respiratory symptoms such as dyspnea and hypoxemia within 3 months, and/or deterioration of interstitial changes or appearace of new pulmonary interstitial lesions on chest HRCT. Pulmonary infection was considered as positive pathogens detected in qualified sputum, blood, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid or lung biopsy specimens.@*RESULTS@#A total of 168 anti-MDA5-positive DM patients including 108 females and 60 males were enrolled in the study. Of these patients, 154 had ILD, and 66(39.3%) of them presented RP-ILD. Seventy patients with pulmonary infection were confirmed by etiology. In the patients with RP-ILD, 39 (59.1%) of them were complicated with pulmonary infection. While only 31 cases(30.4%) had pulmonary infection in the non-RP-ILD patients. The incidence of pulmonary infection in the patients with RP-ILD was significantly higher than that of those with non-RP-ILD (P < 0.001). The serum YKL-40 levels in the RP-ILD patients with pulmonary infection were the highest compared with RP-ILD without pulmonary infection, non-RP-ILD with pulmonary infection and non-RP-ILD without pulmonary infection groups among all the patients [83 (42-142) vs. 42 (21-91) vs. 43 (24-79) vs. 38 (22-69), P < 0.01].The sensitivity, specificity and AUC of serum YKL-40 in the diagnosis of RP-ILD complicated with pulmonary infection were 75%, 67%, and 0.72, respectively. The AUC of diagnosed of anti-MDA5 positive DM patients complicated with RP-ILD and pulmonary infection was higher than that of patients complicated with only RP-ILD and only pulmonary infection (0.72 vs. 0.54 and 0.55, Z=2.10 and 2.11, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of anti-MDA5-positive DM patients with RP-ILD and pulmonary infection were poor. Serum YKL-40 level can be used as a helpful tool for the diagnosis of coexistence of these conditions in the patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1 , Dermatomyositis/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Lung Injury , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811617

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the first chest HRCT imaging manifestations infected with novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP).@*Method@#A retrospective analysis of the first chest HRCT images of 106 patients with NCP clinically diagnosed in our hospital from January 3 to 25, 2020. Lesion distribution, morphology and surrounding involvement were analyzed.@*Result@#Lesions were found in the first lung HRCT of 106 patients, with unilateral lung distribution in 11 cases (10.4%), bilateral lung distribution in 95 cases (89.6%), and peripheral distribution of lung in 65 cases (61.3%). 41 cases (38.7%) were distributed at the same time; 8 cases (7.5%) were 1 lesion, 5 cases (4.7%) were 2 lesions, 93 cases (87.8%) were multiple lesions, and 12 cases were nodular lesions (11.3%). 94 cases of ground-glass lesions (88.7%), 7 cases of cord-like lesions (6.6%), 15 cases (14.2%) of coexisting lesions of two or more forms; 10 cases (9.4%) involving one lung lobe There were 96 cases (90.6%) involving two or more lung lobes; 24 cases (22.6%) with enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes (19 cases over 60 years old, accounting for 79.2%); 3 cases with pleural effusion (2.8 %), 1 case had pericardial effusion (0.9%), and 2 cases had pleural involvement / thickening (1.9%). Patients over 60 years of age mostly present with multiple lesions, multiple morphology, peripheral and central distribution of lungs, involving multiple lung lobes, and enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes.@*Conclusions@#Lung lesions of NCP patients can be detected for the first time by chest HRCT, which is the preferred imaging method. Thoracic HRCT scans play an important role in the early diagnosis of new coronavirus (NCP). .

13.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 885-891, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879216

ABSTRACT

In order to accurately implant the brain electrodes of carp robot for positioning and navigation, the three-dimensional model of brain structure and brain electrodes is to be proposed in the study. In this study, the tungsten electrodes were implanted into the cerebellum of a carp with the aid of brain stereotaxic instrument. The brain motor areas were found and their three-dimensional coordinate values were obtained by the aquatic electricity stimulation experiments and the underwater control experiments. The carp brain and the brain electrodes were imaged by 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging instrument, and the three-dimensional reconstruction of carp brain and brain electrodes was carried out by the 3D-DOCTOR software and the Mimics software. The results showed that the brain motor areas and their coordinate values were accurate. The relative spatial position relationships between brain electrodes and brain tissue, brain tissue and skull surface could be observed by the three-dimensional reconstruction map of brain tissue and brain electrodes which reconstructed the three-dimensional structure of brain. The anatomical position of the three-dimensional reconstructed brain tissue in magnetic resonance image and the relationship between brain tissue and skull surface could be observed through the three-dimensional reconstruction comprehensive display map of brain tissue. The three-dimensional reconstruction model in this study can provide a navigation tool for brain electrodes implantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Carps , Electrodes , Electrodes, Implanted , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1823-1829, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825164

ABSTRACT

The protective effects of cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), on vascular permeability in sepsis rats were investigated. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis rats were used for in vivo studies, and the effects of CsA (1 and 5 mg·kg-1) on vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine, mitochondrial respiratory control ratio, and the survival of the sepsis rats were observed. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used for stimulating vascular endothelial cells (VECs) in vitro, and the effects of CsA on leakage of microvascular, immunofluorescence of zonula occludes-1 (ZO-1), and transendothelial electrical resistance (TER) were observed. All the animal welfare and experimental procedures are in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Army Medical University. Compared with sham-operated group, the vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine in sepsis rats increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with conventional treatment group, CsA could significantly decrease the vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and prolong the survival period. The results of microcirculation also showed that CsA could significantly reduce the permeability of mesenteric venules in sepsis rats. At the cellular level, LPS stimulation significantly increased the permeability of vascular endothelial cells, including the decrease of transmembrane resistance and protein expression of ZO-1 (P<0.05). CsA can significantly reduce the increase of permeability of vascular endothelial cells induced by LPS stimulation (P<0.01). The function of mitochondria in the kidneys and intestines of sepsis rats was obviously impaired, and the respiratory control ratio of mitochondria was decreased. LPS significantly increased MPTP opening of VECs, while CsA significantly inhibited MPTP opening and improved mitochondrial function. CsA may protect mitochondrial function by inhibiting the opening of MPTP and play a protective role in the vascular permeability of sepsis rats. This study will provide an insight for the treatment of sepsis vascular leakage.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 600-603, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872328

ABSTRACT

As one of the main forms of the medical alliance, the specialty alliance functions as a service carrier for hierarchical medical service and resources integration in the region. The authors introduced the exploration and practice of the West China Women′s and Children′s Alliance, the first pediatric specialty alliance in Sichuan, established by the West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University. Based on family doctor contracted services, the West China Women′s and Children′s Alliance took such measures as differentiated functional positioning, assessment of certified physicians, continuous online quality control, construction of referral platforms, and innovative payment mechanisms. Such efforts effectively integrated the three stages of pre-hospital " preventive care" , in-hospital " disease diagnosis and treatment" , and post-hospital " follow-up management" , exploring the homogenization of medical services within the alliance, and forming a pediatric closed-loop health management system, hence improving the primary medical services.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 292-295, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the initial chest high resolution CT (HRCT) manifestations of the patients with COVID-19.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the first chest HRCT images of 106 patients with COVID-19 was performed who were confirmed in our hospital from January 3 to 25, 2020. Lesion distribution, morphology and surrounding involvement were analyzed.Results:The lesions were found on all initial HRCT images of 106 patients, with unilateral lung distribution in 11 cases (10.4%) and bilateral lung distribution in other 95 cases(89.6%), peripheral distribution of lung in 65 cases (61.3%) and peripheral and central distribution in other 41 cases (38.7%). HRCT showed 8 cases (7.5%) with 1 lesion, 5 cases (4.7%) with 2 lesions, and other 93 cases (87.8%) with multiple lesions. HRCT also showed the nodular lesions in 12 cases(11.3%), ground-glass opacities in 94 cases (88.7%), fibrous stripes in 7 cases (6.6%), and mixed lesions in 15 cases (14.2%). Only one lung lobe was involved in 10 cases (9.4%) , while more than two lobes were involved in other 96 cases (90.6%) . In addition, 24 cases (22.6%) with enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes (over 60 years old in 19 cases, accounting for 79.2%), 3 cases with pleural effusion (2.8 %), 1 case with pericardial effusion (0.9%), and 2 cases with pleural involvement/thickening (1.9%) were found. Patients over 60 years old mostly presented with multiple lesions, various appearances, peripheral and central distributions of lungs, involving multiple lobes, and enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes.Conclusions:Lung COVID-19 lesions can be shown by the initial chest HRCT, which is the preferred imaging method. Thoracic HRCT scans play an important role in the early diagnosis of COVID-19.

17.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 18-20, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818112

ABSTRACT

The Surviving Sepsis Campaign Bundle: 2018 Update was published recently, in which the time of bundle care is reduced from 3 hours to 1 hour. This update not only reflects the advances in medical studies and practice, but also presents some requirements for normalized treatment of sepsis and management of and cooperation among medical institutions. The guidelines advanced in the "2018 Update", though still lacking high-quality clinical evidence for verification, have made us aware of the importance of early diagnosis and timely intervention of sepsis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 767-770, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796846

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the difference in intestinal microbiome between children with atopic dermatitis (AD) and healthy children.@*Methods@#Totally, 35 children with AD were enrolled from the Department of Dermatology, Jiading Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2015 to April 2017, and 27 healthy children served as control group. Total DNA was extracted from the feces of the subjects, and the V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene of the bacteria was amplified by PCR. High-throughput sequencing was performed using the Illumina Miseq sequencing platform to analyze the diversity of bacterial flora. The top 15 abundant bacteria were determined at phylum, genus, and species levels, and compared between the two groups. Statistical analysis was carried out using Wilcoxon rank sum test.@*Results@#The intestinal microbiome in the two groups mainly consisted of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria. At the phylum level, the abundance of Bacteroidetes and Fusobacteria was significantly lower in the AD group (29.16% ± 19.96%, 0.06% ± 0.17%, respectively) than in the healthy control group (39.06% ± 15.98%, 0.50% ± 1.71%, respectively, P = 0.042, 0.041) . At the genus level, the abundance of Bacteroides was significantly lower in the AD group (23.77% ± 18.08%) than in the healthy control group (33.1% ± 15.75%, P = 0.029) . There was no significant difference in the distribution of the top 15 abundant species between the two groups (all P > 0.05) .@*Conclusion@#There are some differences in the composition of intestinal microbiome and relative abundance of bacteria between children with AD and healthy children.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 767-770, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791783

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference in intestinal microbiome between children with atopic dermatitis(AD)and healthy children. Methods Totally, 35 children with AD were enrolled from the Department of Dermatology, Jiading Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2015 to April 2017, and 27 healthy children served as control group. Total DNA was extracted from the feces of the subjects, and the V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene of the bacteria was amplified by PCR. High-throughput sequencing was performed using the Illumina Miseq sequencing platform to analyze the diversity of bacterial flora. The top 15 abundant bacteria were determined at phylum, genus, and species levels, and compared between the two groups. Statistical analysis was carried out using Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results The intestinal microbiome in the two groups mainly consisted of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria. At the phylum level, the abundance of Bacteroidetes and Fusobacteria was significantly lower in the AD group(29.16%± 19.96%, 0.06%± 0.17%, respectively)than in the healthy control group(39.06%± 15.98%, 0.50%± 1.71%, respectively, P=0.042, 0.041). At the genus level, the abundance of Bacteroides was significantly lower in the AD group(23.77%± 18.08%)than in the healthy control group(33.1%± 15.75%, P=0.029). There was no significant difference in the distribution of the top 15 abundant species between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusion There are some differences in the composition of intestinal microbiome and relative abundance of bacteria between children with AD and healthy children.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2934-2940, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781749

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is mediated primarily by T cells, but most studies of MS and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), have focused on CD4 T cells. The aims of the current study were to determine the pathological interrelationship between CD4 and CD8 autoreactive T cells in MS/EAE.@*METHODS@#Female C57BL/6 mice (n = 20) were induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55 peptide. At 14 days after immunization, T cells were isolated from the spleen and purified as CD4 and CD8 T cells by using CD4 and CD8 isolation kits, and then the purity was determined by flow cytometric analysis. These cells were stimulated by MOG35-55 peptide and applied to proliferation assays. The interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin (IL)-4 secretion of supernatant of cultured CD4 and CD8 T cells were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). For adoptive transfer, recipient mice were injected with MOG35-55-specific CD8 or CD4 T cells. EAE clinical course was measured by EAE score at 0-5 scale and spinal cord was examined by staining with hematoxylin and eosin and Luxol fast blue staining.@*RESULTS@#CD8CD3 and CD4CD3 cells were 86% and 94% pure of total CD3 cells after CD8/CD4 bead enrichment, respectively. These cells were stimulated by MOG35-55 peptide and applied to proliferation assays. Although the CD8 T cells had a generally lower response to MOG35-55 than CD4 T cells, the response of CD8 T cells was not always dependent on CD4. CD8 T cell secreted less IFN-γ and IL-4 compared with CD4 T cells. EAE was induced in wildtype B6 naïve mice by adoptive transfer of MOG35-55-specific T cells from B6 active-induced EAE (aEAE) mice. A similar EAE score and slight inflammation and demyelination were found in naive B6 mice after transferring of CD8 T cells from immunized B6 mice compared with transfer of CD4 T cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Our data suggest that CD8 autoreactive T cells in EAE have a lower encephalitogenic function but are unique and independent on pathogenic of EAE rather than their CD4 counterparts.

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