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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888223

ABSTRACT

In order to study the effect of light with different wavelengths on the motion behavior of carp robots, phototaxis experiment, anatomical experiment, light control experiment and speed measurement experiment were carried out in this study. Blue, green, yellow and red light with different wavelength were used to conduct phototaxis experiments on carp to observe their movement behavior. By dissecting the skull bones of the carp to determine the appropriate location to carry the light control device, we independently developed a light control carrying device which was suitable for any illumination intensity environment. The experiment of the light-controlled carp robots was carried out. The motion behavior of the carp robot was checked by using computer binocular stereo vision technology. The motion trajectory of the carp robot was tracked and obtained by applying kernel correlation filter (KCF) algorithm. The motion velocity of the carp robot at different wavelengths was calculated according to their motion trajectory. The results showed that carps' sensitivity to different light changed from strong to weak in the order of blue, red, yellow and green, so that using light with different wavelengths to control the speed of the carp robot has certain laws to follow. A new method to avoid brain damage in carp robots control can be provided in this study.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Animals , Carps , Motion , Phototaxis , Robotics
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2678-2684, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921230

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The past decade has witnessed an ever-increasing momentum of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and a subsequent paradigm shift in the contemporary management of severe aortic stenosis (AS). We conducted a multi-centric TAVR registry based on Chinese patients (the China Aortic valve tRanscatheter Replacement registrY [CARRY]) to delineate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of Chinese patients who underwent TAVR and compare the results between different valve types in different Chinese regions.@*METHODS@#CARRY is an all-comer registry of aortic valve disease patients undergoing TAVR across China and was designed as an observational study that retrospectively included all TAVR patients at each participating site. Seven hospitals in China participated in the CARRY, and 1204 patients from April 2012 to November 2020 were included. Categorical variables were compared using the chi-squared test, and continuous variables were analyzed using a t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) test. The Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate the risk of adverse events during follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of the patients was 73.8 ± 6.5 years and 57.2% were male. The median Society of Thoracic Surgeon-Predicted Risk of Mortality score was 6.0 (3.7-8.9). Regarding the aortic valve, the proportion of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) was 48.5%. During the hospital stay, the stroke rate was 0.7%, and the incidence of high-degree atrioventricular block indicating permanent pacemaker implantation was 11.0%. The in-hospital all-cause mortality rate was 2.2%. After 1 year, the overall mortality rate was 4.5%. Compared to patients with tricuspid aortic valve (TAV), those with BAV had similar in-hospital complication rates, but a lower incidence of in-hospital mortality (1.4% vs. 3.3%) and 1 year mortality (2.3% vs. 5.8%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAVR candidates in China were younger, higher proportion of BAV, and had lower rates of post-procedural complications and mortality than other international all-comer registries. Given the use of early generation valves in the majority of the population, patients with BAV had similar rates of complications, but lower mortality than those with TAV. These findings further propel the extension of TAVR in low-risk patients.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#https://www.chictr.org.cn/ (No. ChiCTR2000038526).


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Humans , Male , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1019-1024, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of dual-energy CT (DECT) mixed images CT in predicting hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after endovascular therapy (EVT) of acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:From October 2018 to January 2020, the immediate dual-energy CT images of intracranial high attenuation (HA) regions in patients with AIS after endovascular treatment in Wuhan No.1 Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. According to the diagnostic criteria of CT or diffusion weighted image in 72 hours of follow-up, they were classified into HT group and non-HT group. The CT value of mixed images, contrast media, and virtual non-enhancement (VNC) and iodine concentration in the highest attenuation areas were measured. Intragroup correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the consistency among the readers; Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the difference between the two groups of quantitative parameters; Spearman correlation analysis was uesd for evaluating correlation between mixed images CT value and contrast media CT value, VNC CT value, and iodine concentration. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the quantitative parameters to predict the diagnostic efficacy of HT. Results:A total of 154 cases were enrolled, with 65 cases in the HT group and 89 cases in the non-HT group. The intraclass correlation coefficient of CT values of mixed images was 0.861 ( P<0.05). Comparing the non-HT group and the HT group,the CT value of mixed images [59.40(54.84, 63.05) HU vs 100.10(79.90, 122.40) HU, Z=-10.87, P<0.001],contrast agent CT value [24.90(20.75, 30.05) HU vs 66.60(47.10, 84.15) HU, Z=-10.85, P<0.001] and iodine concentration [1.10(1.00, 1.30) mg/ml vs 2.90(2.05, 3.65) mg/ml, Z=-10.85, P<0.001] both increased in the HT group, but there was no significant difference in VNC CT values between the two groups [33.60(31.80, 35.70) HU vs 34.30(30.90, 38.00) HU, Z=-0.50, P=0.62]. There was a highly significant correlation between the CT value of mixed images and iodine concentration ( r=0.99, P<0.01). Using CT value>72.60 HU as the diagnostic cutoff value for predicting HT, the sensitivity and specificity were 89.23% and 95.51%, respectively. Conclusions:The CT value of DECT mixed images after EVT can be used to predict HT within 72 hours. When DECT was not available, conventional CT scan′s intracranial HA density over 72.60 HU can be selected as the cutoff value for predicting HT.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 229-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the short-term clinical effect of arthroscopic and open reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screws in treatment of Mason type II radial head fractures.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 38 patients with unilateral radial head fractures (Mason type II) admitted to Shanghai Zhongye Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018, including 22 males and 16 females, aged from 20 to 65 years [(37.4±12.6)years]. Twenty patients were treated by arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screw (Group A), and eighteen by open reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screw (Group B). The operation time and fracture healing time were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), elbow flexion and extension range, forearm rotation range and Mayo elbow function score were compared between the two groups before and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after operation. The results of Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) and upper limb function assessment using the disabilites of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score were compared between the two groups. Complications including screw breakage or fracture displacement were also evaluated.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-14 months [(12.3±2.3)months]. There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). The fracture healing time was (8.9±0.6)weeks in Group A and (8.7±0.6)weeks in Group B ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The VAS was (4.8±0.5)points at 1 month after operation in Group A, lower than (6.0±0.7)points in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS between Group A and Group B at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in elbow flexion and extension range between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The elbow flexion and extension range in Group A was (110.4±3.8)° and (137.1±4.0)° at 1, 3 months after operation, which was significant greater than (90.6±4.7)° and (125.1±3.5)° in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in elbow flexion and extension range between the two groups at 6 and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the range of forearm rotation between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The range of forearm rotation in Group A was (107.1±2.8)° and (138.1±2.9)° at 1, 3 months after operation, significantly greater than (95.5±3.9)°, (121.5±3.0)° in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in forearm rotation range between the two groups at 6 and 12 months after surgery ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in MEPS between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The MEPS in Group A was (50.4±3.8)points at 1 month after operation, higher than (40.6±4.7)points in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in MEPS between the two groups at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in DASH score between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The DASH score was (57.1±2.8)points at 1 month after surgery in Group A, higher than (42.5±3.9)points in Group B ( P<0.05). The DASH score was not significantly different between the two groups at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no screw loosening or fracture after operation, and one patient in each group had fracture displacement ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For Mason type II radial head fractures, arthroscopic Herbert screw fixation has the advantages of less trauma, less pain and faster functional recovery of the affected limb compared with open reduction and Herbert screw fixation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873609

ABSTRACT

@#Reoperation due to degenerated bioprostheses is an important factor of high-risk thoracic surgeries. In 2020 ACC/AHA guideline, Valve in Valve (ViV) was recommended for high-risk patient instead of surgical mitral valve replacement. This report described a 77-year-old male patient with a failed mitral bioprosthetic valve, evaluated at high risk of surgery, received a transvenous, transseptal transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR). Tracheal intubation was removed at CCU 3 h after surgery without discomfort such as polypnea. The patient was transferred out of the CCU and discharged on the 3rd day. Compared with transapical access, transvenous transseptal access was less invasive, with shorter duration in CCU and hospitalization.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811617

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the first chest HRCT imaging manifestations infected with novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP).@*Method@#A retrospective analysis of the first chest HRCT images of 106 patients with NCP clinically diagnosed in our hospital from January 3 to 25, 2020. Lesion distribution, morphology and surrounding involvement were analyzed.@*Result@#Lesions were found in the first lung HRCT of 106 patients, with unilateral lung distribution in 11 cases (10.4%), bilateral lung distribution in 95 cases (89.6%), and peripheral distribution of lung in 65 cases (61.3%). 41 cases (38.7%) were distributed at the same time; 8 cases (7.5%) were 1 lesion, 5 cases (4.7%) were 2 lesions, 93 cases (87.8%) were multiple lesions, and 12 cases were nodular lesions (11.3%). 94 cases of ground-glass lesions (88.7%), 7 cases of cord-like lesions (6.6%), 15 cases (14.2%) of coexisting lesions of two or more forms; 10 cases (9.4%) involving one lung lobe There were 96 cases (90.6%) involving two or more lung lobes; 24 cases (22.6%) with enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes (19 cases over 60 years old, accounting for 79.2%); 3 cases with pleural effusion (2.8 %), 1 case had pericardial effusion (0.9%), and 2 cases had pleural involvement / thickening (1.9%). Patients over 60 years of age mostly present with multiple lesions, multiple morphology, peripheral and central distribution of lungs, involving multiple lung lobes, and enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes.@*Conclusions@#Lung lesions of NCP patients can be detected for the first time by chest HRCT, which is the preferred imaging method. Thoracic HRCT scans play an important role in the early diagnosis of new coronavirus (NCP). .

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1823-1829, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825164

ABSTRACT

The protective effects of cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), on vascular permeability in sepsis rats were investigated. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis rats were used for in vivo studies, and the effects of CsA (1 and 5 mg·kg-1) on vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine, mitochondrial respiratory control ratio, and the survival of the sepsis rats were observed. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used for stimulating vascular endothelial cells (VECs) in vitro, and the effects of CsA on leakage of microvascular, immunofluorescence of zonula occludes-1 (ZO-1), and transendothelial electrical resistance (TER) were observed. All the animal welfare and experimental procedures are in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Army Medical University. Compared with sham-operated group, the vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine in sepsis rats increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with conventional treatment group, CsA could significantly decrease the vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and prolong the survival period. The results of microcirculation also showed that CsA could significantly reduce the permeability of mesenteric venules in sepsis rats. At the cellular level, LPS stimulation significantly increased the permeability of vascular endothelial cells, including the decrease of transmembrane resistance and protein expression of ZO-1 (P<0.05). CsA can significantly reduce the increase of permeability of vascular endothelial cells induced by LPS stimulation (P<0.01). The function of mitochondria in the kidneys and intestines of sepsis rats was obviously impaired, and the respiratory control ratio of mitochondria was decreased. LPS significantly increased MPTP opening of VECs, while CsA significantly inhibited MPTP opening and improved mitochondrial function. CsA may protect mitochondrial function by inhibiting the opening of MPTP and play a protective role in the vascular permeability of sepsis rats. This study will provide an insight for the treatment of sepsis vascular leakage.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879216

ABSTRACT

In order to accurately implant the brain electrodes of carp robot for positioning and navigation, the three-dimensional model of brain structure and brain electrodes is to be proposed in the study. In this study, the tungsten electrodes were implanted into the cerebellum of a carp with the aid of brain stereotaxic instrument. The brain motor areas were found and their three-dimensional coordinate values were obtained by the aquatic electricity stimulation experiments and the underwater control experiments. The carp brain and the brain electrodes were imaged by 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging instrument, and the three-dimensional reconstruction of carp brain and brain electrodes was carried out by the 3D-DOCTOR software and the Mimics software. The results showed that the brain motor areas and their coordinate values were accurate. The relative spatial position relationships between brain electrodes and brain tissue, brain tissue and skull surface could be observed by the three-dimensional reconstruction map of brain tissue and brain electrodes which reconstructed the three-dimensional structure of brain. The anatomical position of the three-dimensional reconstructed brain tissue in magnetic resonance image and the relationship between brain tissue and skull surface could be observed through the three-dimensional reconstruction comprehensive display map of brain tissue. The three-dimensional reconstruction model in this study can provide a navigation tool for brain electrodes implantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Carps , Electrodes , Electrodes, Implanted , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872328

ABSTRACT

As one of the main forms of the medical alliance, the specialty alliance functions as a service carrier for hierarchical medical service and resources integration in the region. The authors introduced the exploration and practice of the West China Women′s and Children′s Alliance, the first pediatric specialty alliance in Sichuan, established by the West China Second Hospital of Sichuan University. Based on family doctor contracted services, the West China Women′s and Children′s Alliance took such measures as differentiated functional positioning, assessment of certified physicians, continuous online quality control, construction of referral platforms, and innovative payment mechanisms. Such efforts effectively integrated the three stages of pre-hospital " preventive care" , in-hospital " disease diagnosis and treatment" , and post-hospital " follow-up management" , exploring the homogenization of medical services within the alliance, and forming a pediatric closed-loop health management system, hence improving the primary medical services.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 292-295, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the initial chest high resolution CT (HRCT) manifestations of the patients with COVID-19.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the first chest HRCT images of 106 patients with COVID-19 was performed who were confirmed in our hospital from January 3 to 25, 2020. Lesion distribution, morphology and surrounding involvement were analyzed.Results:The lesions were found on all initial HRCT images of 106 patients, with unilateral lung distribution in 11 cases (10.4%) and bilateral lung distribution in other 95 cases(89.6%), peripheral distribution of lung in 65 cases (61.3%) and peripheral and central distribution in other 41 cases (38.7%). HRCT showed 8 cases (7.5%) with 1 lesion, 5 cases (4.7%) with 2 lesions, and other 93 cases (87.8%) with multiple lesions. HRCT also showed the nodular lesions in 12 cases(11.3%), ground-glass opacities in 94 cases (88.7%), fibrous stripes in 7 cases (6.6%), and mixed lesions in 15 cases (14.2%). Only one lung lobe was involved in 10 cases (9.4%) , while more than two lobes were involved in other 96 cases (90.6%) . In addition, 24 cases (22.6%) with enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes (over 60 years old in 19 cases, accounting for 79.2%), 3 cases with pleural effusion (2.8 %), 1 case with pericardial effusion (0.9%), and 2 cases with pleural involvement/thickening (1.9%) were found. Patients over 60 years old mostly presented with multiple lesions, various appearances, peripheral and central distributions of lungs, involving multiple lobes, and enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes.Conclusions:Lung COVID-19 lesions can be shown by the initial chest HRCT, which is the preferred imaging method. Thoracic HRCT scans play an important role in the early diagnosis of COVID-19.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2934-2940, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781749

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is mediated primarily by T cells, but most studies of MS and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), have focused on CD4 T cells. The aims of the current study were to determine the pathological interrelationship between CD4 and CD8 autoreactive T cells in MS/EAE.@*METHODS@#Female C57BL/6 mice (n = 20) were induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55 peptide. At 14 days after immunization, T cells were isolated from the spleen and purified as CD4 and CD8 T cells by using CD4 and CD8 isolation kits, and then the purity was determined by flow cytometric analysis. These cells were stimulated by MOG35-55 peptide and applied to proliferation assays. The interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin (IL)-4 secretion of supernatant of cultured CD4 and CD8 T cells were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). For adoptive transfer, recipient mice were injected with MOG35-55-specific CD8 or CD4 T cells. EAE clinical course was measured by EAE score at 0-5 scale and spinal cord was examined by staining with hematoxylin and eosin and Luxol fast blue staining.@*RESULTS@#CD8CD3 and CD4CD3 cells were 86% and 94% pure of total CD3 cells after CD8/CD4 bead enrichment, respectively. These cells were stimulated by MOG35-55 peptide and applied to proliferation assays. Although the CD8 T cells had a generally lower response to MOG35-55 than CD4 T cells, the response of CD8 T cells was not always dependent on CD4. CD8 T cell secreted less IFN-γ and IL-4 compared with CD4 T cells. EAE was induced in wildtype B6 naïve mice by adoptive transfer of MOG35-55-specific T cells from B6 active-induced EAE (aEAE) mice. A similar EAE score and slight inflammation and demyelination were found in naive B6 mice after transferring of CD8 T cells from immunized B6 mice compared with transfer of CD4 T cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Our data suggest that CD8 autoreactive T cells in EAE have a lower encephalitogenic function but are unique and independent on pathogenic of EAE rather than their CD4 counterparts.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818112

ABSTRACT

The Surviving Sepsis Campaign Bundle: 2018 Update was published recently, in which the time of bundle care is reduced from 3 hours to 1 hour. This update not only reflects the advances in medical studies and practice, but also presents some requirements for normalized treatment of sepsis and management of and cooperation among medical institutions. The guidelines advanced in the "2018 Update", though still lacking high-quality clinical evidence for verification, have made us aware of the importance of early diagnosis and timely intervention of sepsis.

13.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 767-770, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791783

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the difference in intestinal microbiome between children with atopic dermatitis(AD)and healthy children. Methods Totally, 35 children with AD were enrolled from the Department of Dermatology, Jiading Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2015 to April 2017, and 27 healthy children served as control group. Total DNA was extracted from the feces of the subjects, and the V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene of the bacteria was amplified by PCR. High-throughput sequencing was performed using the Illumina Miseq sequencing platform to analyze the diversity of bacterial flora. The top 15 abundant bacteria were determined at phylum, genus, and species levels, and compared between the two groups. Statistical analysis was carried out using Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results The intestinal microbiome in the two groups mainly consisted of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria. At the phylum level, the abundance of Bacteroidetes and Fusobacteria was significantly lower in the AD group(29.16%± 19.96%, 0.06%± 0.17%, respectively)than in the healthy control group(39.06%± 15.98%, 0.50%± 1.71%, respectively, P=0.042, 0.041). At the genus level, the abundance of Bacteroides was significantly lower in the AD group(23.77%± 18.08%)than in the healthy control group(33.1%± 15.75%, P=0.029). There was no significant difference in the distribution of the top 15 abundant species between the two groups(all P>0.05). Conclusion There are some differences in the composition of intestinal microbiome and relative abundance of bacteria between children with AD and healthy children.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 767-770, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796846

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the difference in intestinal microbiome between children with atopic dermatitis (AD) and healthy children.@*Methods@#Totally, 35 children with AD were enrolled from the Department of Dermatology, Jiading Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2015 to April 2017, and 27 healthy children served as control group. Total DNA was extracted from the feces of the subjects, and the V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene of the bacteria was amplified by PCR. High-throughput sequencing was performed using the Illumina Miseq sequencing platform to analyze the diversity of bacterial flora. The top 15 abundant bacteria were determined at phylum, genus, and species levels, and compared between the two groups. Statistical analysis was carried out using Wilcoxon rank sum test.@*Results@#The intestinal microbiome in the two groups mainly consisted of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria. At the phylum level, the abundance of Bacteroidetes and Fusobacteria was significantly lower in the AD group (29.16% ± 19.96%, 0.06% ± 0.17%, respectively) than in the healthy control group (39.06% ± 15.98%, 0.50% ± 1.71%, respectively, P = 0.042, 0.041) . At the genus level, the abundance of Bacteroides was significantly lower in the AD group (23.77% ± 18.08%) than in the healthy control group (33.1% ± 15.75%, P = 0.029) . There was no significant difference in the distribution of the top 15 abundant species between the two groups (all P > 0.05) .@*Conclusion@#There are some differences in the composition of intestinal microbiome and relative abundance of bacteria between children with AD and healthy children.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704212

ABSTRACT

It was widely believed that disorders of circadian system were caused by neurodegenera-tive diseases. With the deepening of research,many scholars believed that disorders of circadian system may affect the occurrence and development of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease. 'Parkinson 's disease' and 'Circadian rhythm' were used as the key words of retrieval performance in the databases such as Pubmed,CNKI,Wanfang and so on,and the papers which were closely related with the theme were select-ed. The epidemiology,etiology and pathogenesis,clinical manifestations and the role of circadian system reg-ulation in PD were reviewed. The results show that the disorders of circadian system could be regulated by bright light therapy,melatonin and stem cell therapy,music therapy,and deep brain stimulation. Based on the theory of time medicine,combining the regulation of circadian system with the classical treatment of PD may provide a new breakthrough point for PD treatment. The disorders of circadian system is expected to be-come a new target for PD therapy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699363

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe serum levels of high sensitive C reactive protein(hsCRP),interleukin(IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α and hepatocyte growth factor(HGF)in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular dis-ease(ICVD),and analyze their correlation with blood lipids and anticardiolipin antibody(ACA)levels.Methods:A total of 45 ICVD patients treated in our hospital from Mar 2015 to Aug 2016 were regarded as ICVD group.An-other 45 non-ICVD patients treated in our hospital during the same period were regarded as non-ICVD control group.Serum levels of hsCRP,IL-6,TNF-α,HGF,blood lipids and ACA were observed and compared between two groups,and correlation among serum levels of hsCRP,IL-6,TNF-α and HGF,blood lipids and ACA levels were analyzed in ICVD patients.Results:Compared with non-ICVD control group,there were significant rise in se-rum levels of hsCRP[(4.69 ± 1.31)mg/L vs.(8.87 ± 1.56)mg/L],IL-6[(12.17 ± 4.33)mg/L vs.(34.26 ± 5.15)mg/L],TNF-α[(28.45 ± 2.18)pg/ml vs.(48.35 ± 3.15)pg/ml],HGF[(502.34 ± 15.36)pg/ml vs. (876.25 ± 18.15)pg/ml],ACA[(4.11 ± 0.65)IU/L vs.(7.89 ± 1.02)IU/L],total cholesterol[(4.68 ± 1.12) mmol/L vs.(5.57 ± 1.21)mmol/L],low density lipoprotein cholesterol[(2.62 ± 0.49)mmol/L vs.(3.24 ± 0.87) mmol/L]and triglyceride[(1.42 ± 0.31)mmol/L vs.(1.84 ± 0.37)mmol/L],and significant reduction in serum level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol[(1.28 ± 0.25)mmol/L vs.(1.02 ± 0.22)mmol/L]in ICVD group,P=0.001 all.Pearson correlation analysis indicated that serum levels of hsCRP,IL-6,TNF-α and HGF were signifi-cant positively correlated with serum levels of ACA,TC,LDL-C and TG(r=0.468~0.632,P<0.05 or <0.01), and significant inversely correlated with HDL-C level(r= -0.571~ -0.511,P<0.05 or < 0.01)in ICVD pa-tients.Conclusion:Serum levels of hsCRP,IL-6,TNF-α and HGF significantly rise in ICVD patients,and they are closely correlated with levels of blood lipids and ACA,which can serve as important indexes monitoring ICVD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691247

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the long-term prognosis and health-related quality of life of patients surviving hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data were collected from patients with HBV-ACLF, who were hospitalized in our department between November, 2011 and October, 2016 and survived for more than 90 days. The patients were followed for occurrence of newly diagnosed cirrhosis, decompensation events, hepatocellular carcinoma and death. The quality of life of the patients was evaluated using SF-36 score, and the patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and cirrhosis treated during the same period served as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 223 ACLF survivors were included in this study. According to the presence of cirrhosis on admission, the enrolled patients were divided into chronic hepatitis B-related ACLF (CHB-ACLF) group (n=130) and liver cirrhosis ACLF (CIR-ACLF) group (n=93). The 12-, 24- and 50-month survival rates in CHB-ACLF group were 97%, 95.7% and 93.9%, respectively, significantly higher than the rates in CIR-ACLF group (91%, 86% and 74%, respectively; P=0.007). In patients with CHB-ACLF, the 12-, 24- and 36-month progression rates of cirrhosis were 37.9%, 58.4% and 68.7% respectively. Multivariate Cox regression identified the peak value of serum creatinine (HR=1.015, P=0.026) and INR (HR=2.032, P=0.006) within 28 days as independent risk factors and serum sodium at baseline (HR=0.84, P=0.035) as an independent protective factor of occurrence of cirrhosis. The score of mental health on SF-36 in ACLF group was significantly lower than the national norms, and the scores for general health and body pain of ACLF patients were significantly higher than those in patients with CHB or cirrhosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The long-term prognosis of ACLF survivors with and without cirrhosis can be different. Acute attacks are associated with an increased rate of cirrhosis progression in CHB patients who recovered from ACLF, possibly in relation with the severity of extra-hepatic organ injuries. The physical and social functions of long-term survivors of ACLF do not significantly decline, but their psychological status can be affected.</p>

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687612

ABSTRACT

The existing mazes are mainly used to study the learning and memory of animals. However, there is still a lack of corresponding maze and method in the aspect of the observation and test of aquatic animal robots. For this purpose, the authors have developed a three-dimensional water maze combined with bilayer multi-channel which equips with stratified lines and tick marks. This device is a rectangular structure composed of one square bottom and four rectangular side walls, and the channels of every side wall are composed of one upper channel and two lower channels. The center of the upper channels is in the vertical center line of every side wall, and the two uper channels of adjacent side walls are at 90° degrees with each other, and the two lower channels of adjacent side walls are at 45° degrees with each other. There are stratified lines and tick marks on the side wall to test the spatial location and movement trajectories of aquatic animals. The carp robot was put into the water maze for the underwater experimental detection. The success rates of left and right steering at 135, 90 and 45 degrees as well as forward motion of the carp robots ( = 10) were over 60%. This study showed that the device could be used to observe and test the motion of the carp robot.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687571

ABSTRACT

In order to solve the problems that the injury, hemorrhage, infection and edema of the brain tissue caused by brain electrodes implantation for aquatic animal robots, a light stimulation device and an optical control experiment method for carp robots are proposed in this paper. According to the shape of the carp skull, the device is a structure of Chinese character " cut by a printed circuit board which can provide three groups of A, B and C bridge platforms for the light stimulation source. The two ends of a bridge in every group are welded with a jumper board, and the light emitting diodes (LED) are inserted into the jumper boards as the light stimulation source, and all negative poles of the jumper boards are connected to the console by the wire. A LED light can be replaced by another LED light according to the need of the wavelength of the LED light, and various combinations of the light stimulation modes can be also selected. This device was mounted on the carp robot's head, the carp robot was placed in a water maze, and the optical control experiment method was observed to control the forward movement and steering movement of the carp robots ( = 10) under the dark light condition. The results showed that the success rates of the three groups of red light control experiments were 53%-87%, and the success rates of the three groups of blue light control experiments were 50%-80%. This study shows that the apparatus and the method are feasible.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) after abdominal surgery and to further evaluate the related risk factors of SSI in China.@*METHODS@#The multicenter cross-sectional study collected clinical data of all adult patients who underwent abdominal surgery from May 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018 in 30 domestic hospitals, including basic information, perioperative parameters, and incisional microbial culture results. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI within postoperative 30 days. SSI was classified into superficial incision infection, deep incision infection, and organ/gap infection according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria. The secondary outcome variables were ICU stay, postoperative hospital stay, total hospital stay, 30-day mortality and treatment costs. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of SSI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1666 patients were enrolled in the study, including 263 cases of East War Zone Hospital of PLA, 140 cases of Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, 108 cases of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, 87 cases of Central War Zone Hospital of PLA, 77 cases of West China Hospital, 74 cases of Guangdong General Hospital, 71 cases of Chenzhou First People's Hospital, 71 cases of Zigong First People's Hospital, 64 cases of Zhangjiagang First People's Hospital, 56 cases of Nanyang City Central Hospital, 56 cases of Lanzhou General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command, 56 cases of Shandong Provincial Hospital, 52 cases of Shangqiu First People's Hospital, 52 cases of People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 48 cases of The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, 48 cases of Chinese PLA General Hospital, 44 cases of Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, 38 cases of Hunan Province People's Hospital, 36 cases of Dongguan Kanghua Hospital, 30 cases of Shaoxing Central Hospital, 30 cases of Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital, 29 vases of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, 27 cases of General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, 22 cases of Zigong Fourth People's Hospital, 21 cases of The Second Hospital of University of South China, 18 cases of Tongji Hospital, 15 cases of Nanchong Central Hospital, 12 cases of The 901th Hospital of PLA, 11 cases of Hunan Cancer Hospital, 10 cases of Lanzhou University Second Hospital. There were 1019 males and 647 females with mean age of (56.5±15.3) years old. SSI occurred in 80 patients (4.8%) after operation, including 39 cases of superficial incision infection, 16 cases of deep incision infection, and 25 cases of organ/interstitial infection. Escherichia coli was the main pathogen of SSI, and the positive rate was 32.5% (26/80). Compared with patients without SSI, those with SSI had significantly higher ICU occupancy rate [38.8%(31/80) vs. 13.9%(220/1586), P<0.001], postoperative hospital stay (median 17 days vs. 7 days, P<0.001) and total hospital stay (median 22 days vs. 13 days, P<0.001), and significantly higher cost of treatment (median 75 000 yuan vs. 44 000 yuan, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that male rise(OR=2.110, 95%CI:1.175-3.791, P=0.012), preoperative blood glucose level rise(OR=1.100, 95%CI: 1.012-1.197, P=0.026), operative time (OR=1.006, 95%CI:1.003-1.009, P<0.001) and surgical incision grade (clean-contaminated incision:OR=10.207, 95%CI:1.369-76.120, P=0.023; contaminated incision: OR=10.617, 95%CI:1.298-86.865, P=0.028; infection incision: OR=20.173, 95%CI:1.768-230.121, P=0.016) were risk factors for SSI; and laparoscopic surgery (OR=0.348, 95%CI:0.192-0.631, P=0.001) and mechanical bowel preparation(OR=0.441,95%CI:0.221-0.879, P=0.020) were protective factors for SSI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence of postoperative SSI in patients with abdominal surgery in China is 4.8%. SSI can significantly increase the medical burden of patients. Preoperative control of blood glucose and mechanical bowel preparation are important measures to prevent SSI.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , General Surgery , Adult , Aged , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection
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