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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 3-18, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007904

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the potential relationship between urinary metals copper (Cu), arsenic (As), strontium (Sr), barium (Ba), iron (Fe), lead (Pb) and manganese (Mn) and grip strength.@*METHODS@#We used linear regression models, quantile g-computation and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) to assess the relationship between metals and grip strength.@*RESULTS@#In the multimetal linear regression, Cu (β = -2.119), As (β = -1.318), Sr (β = -2.480), Ba (β = 0.781), Fe (β = 1.130) and Mn (β = -0.404) were significantly correlated with grip strength ( P < 0.05). The results of the quantile g-computation showed that the risk of occurrence of grip strength reduction was -1.007 (95% confidence interval: -1.362, -0.652; P < 0.001) when each quartile of the mixture of the seven metals was increased. Bayesian kernel function regression model analysis showed that mixtures of the seven metals had a negative overall effect on grip strength, with Cu, As and Sr being negatively associated with grip strength levels. In the total population, potential interactions were observed between As and Mn and between Cu and Mn ( P interactions of 0.003 and 0.018, respectively).@*CONCLUSION@#In summary, this study suggests that combined exposure to metal mixtures is negatively associated with grip strength. Cu, Sr and As were negatively correlated with grip strength levels, and there were potential interactions between As and Mn and between Cu and Mn.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , Bayes Theorem , China/epidemiology , Metals/toxicity , Arsenic , Strontium
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 149-152, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003525

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the efficacy of valve removal technology in improved endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy.METHODS: Prospective randomized controlled study. A total of 92 patients(98 eyes)with nasolacrimal duct obstruction who underwent endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy in our hospital from November 2020 to September 2022 were selected as the study subjects and they were randomly divided into group A(traditional group)and group B(improved group). The nasal mucosal flap was preserved after incision of the nasal mucosa in group A, the lacrimal sac flap and nasal mucosal flap were trimmed to an appropriate shape after the incision of the lacrimal sac, and the lacrimal sac flap the nasal mucosal flap were matched up. Group B made a “□” shaped incision on the nasal mucosa to remove the complete square nasal mucosa tissue. After the lacrimal sac was incised, the lacrimal sac mucosa was preserved as much as possible, and then the residual nasal mucosa was trimmed to make the lacrimal sac flap close to but not in contact with the residual nasal mucosa. Furthermore, the intraoperative bleeding volume and surgical duration of two groups of patients were recorded, and follow up until 3 mo postoperative. Nasal endoscopy and lacrimal duct flushing examinations were performed at 1 and 3 mo postoperative, respectively. The proliferation of granulation tissue within 5 mm of the ostial postoperative and the therapeutic effect were observed.RESULTS: At 3 mo postoperatively, 6 patients(7 eyes)who were lost to follow-up were excluded. A total of 44 eyes were included in group A, and 47 eyes were included in group B. The bleeding volume [27.00(22.00, 41.00)mL] and the surgical duration [35.00(33.00, 42.00)min] in group B were significantly lower than those in the group A(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.001). At 1 mo postoperatively, granulation tissue hyperplasia was observed within 5 mm of the ostial in 12 eyes of group A. In group B, granulation tissue hyperplasia was observed within 5 mm of the ostial in 1 eye. At 3 mo postoperatively, there were 9 eyes in group A with ostial adhesions but incomplete closure, and 2 eyes with complete closure; group B had 1 eye with mild adhesions at the ostial site and no ostial closure. The postoperative complications in the group B were significantly less than those in the group A(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), and the therapeutic effect was better than that in the group A(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The application of valve removal technology in improving endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy not only significantly reduces intraoperative bleeding and surgical duration, but also effectively reduces postoperative complications and improves surgical efficacy.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 263-272, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013625

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the dynamic time-course changes in neuronal cytoskeleton after acute ischemia and reperfusion in rats. Methods Reperfusion was performedin rats by blocking the middle cerebralarteryfor 90 min, then therats wereobserved and collected at different time points. The brain damage wasobserved by Nissl staining,and neurobehavioural function was evaluated with neurological deficit score and forelimb placement test. The cellular changes in the alternations of cytoskeletal elements including microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP2) and neurofilament heavy chain (NF-H) were observed by immunohistochemistry staining and Western blot. Impaired axons, dendrites and cytoskeletal alternations were detected by electron microscope. Results Brain damage and neurobehavioural function were gradually aggravated with the prolongation of reperfusion. Brain damage appeared earlier and more severe in striatum than in cortex. Moreover, decreased MAP2-related and increased NF-H-related immunoreactive intensities were found in the ischemic areas. Impaired cytoskeletal arrangement and reduced dense were indicated. Damaged cytoskeletal components such as microtubules and neurofilament arrangement, decreased axonal filament density, and swelled dendrites were observed after cerebral ischemia reperfusion by ultrastructural observations. Conclusions Different brain regions have diverse tolerance to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Major elements of neuronal cytoskeleton show dynamic responses to ischemia and reperfusion, which may further contribute to brain damage and neurological impairment following MCAO and reperfusion.

4.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 421-426, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012915

ABSTRACT

To ensure the rights and safety of the subjects and improve the quality of clinical trials, the author analyzed and discussed the deviation type and typical cases from 184 cases of protocol violation reviewed by the ethics committee in 56 clinical trials in a tertiary hospital in 2020. Among the 184 cases of violating the protocol, there were 29 major protocol violation cases and its proportion is 16%; 99 cases (54%) violated the GCP principle; 56 cases of other violations of the protocol that require to be reported, accounting for 30%. Through the case analysis of the researcher gave the wrong doses to subjects without following the protocol and drug administration did not conform to the rules, analyzed and discussed from the five perspectives of the research protocol design, the researcher, the clinical trial institution, the sponsor and the ethics committee, and put forward solutions and suggestions, so as to provide reference to improve the compliance of clinical trial protocol, reduce the risk of subjects and protect their rights and safety and ensure the successful progress of clinical trials.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 256-264, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011466

ABSTRACT

Enzymes are widely used in chemical and pharmaceutical industries because of their advantages of high efficiency and specificity. However, the shortcomings of the free enzymes, such as poor stability and difficulty in recycling, limit their application. Therefore, the immobilization and application of enzymes have become one of the research hotspots. The selection of the immobilization carriers is a critical step in the process of enzyme immobilization. Metal-organic frameworks(MOFs), a kind of porous materials, are formed by the coordination of metal ions or metal clusters with organic ligands. As an emerging immobilization carrier, its advantages such as high porosity, strong stability, and surface modifiability make it ideal for immobilized enzyme carriers. By immobilizing the free enzyme on MOFs, the above mentioned deficiencies of the free enzymes can be effectively solved, which greatly broaden the applicable condition. Ligand fishing is a method to find receptor-specific ligands from complex components, which has the advantages of high efficiency, simple sample pretreatment and high specificity. The MOF-enzyme complex formed by enzyme immobilization can act as a "fishing rod" for ligand fishing, which can screen out the targets from the complex system of components. The complex chemical composition and various active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) make the ligand fishing technology to play a big role in the screening of enzyme inhibitors from TCM. And the screened enzyme inhibitors are expected to be further developed into the lead compounds with good efficacy and low adverse effects, so the immobilized enzymes of MOFs have a wide application in the screening of active ingredients from TCM. Based on this, this paper summarized the methods of immobilized enzymes of MOFs in recent years, analyzed the characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of each method, and summarized the laws of preparation conditions and mechanisms. Meanwhile, the application and future development of immobilized enzymes of MOFs in the field of enzyme inhibitor screening from TCM were also summarized and prospected, with a view to providing a reference for the development of natural ingredients and the modernization of TCM.

6.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 506-510, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnostic value of preoperative electromyography and spasticity assessment for patients with hemifacial spasm, and to define a relationship between intraoperative electrophysiological examination and prognosis in order to provide help for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:Thirty-one patients with hemifacial spasm were selected for the clinical spasticity scoring and divided into a general spasm group ( n=27) and a severe spasm group ( n=4). All received preoperative neurophysiological examination to record their twitch discharge, facial nerve conduction velocity (MCV), lateral spread (LSR) of the spasm, brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP), and blink reflex. Electrophysiological monitoring then recorded intraoperative LSR. According to whether the LSR disappeared or not, the patients were divided into the LSR disappearance group (of 15) and the LSR residual group (of 16), and facial muscle activity was recorded again one, three and six months after the operation. Results:Preoperative EMG examination of both groups showed positive LSR and that facial nerve MCV was within the normal range. There were, though, significant differences between the two groups in the twitching discharge by needle electromyography, blink reflex and preoperative BAEP. One week after the operation, one member of the residual group and 3 from the disappearance patients of the former and latter group had recovered in terms of LSR, with 3 and 7 cases significantly relieved, respectively. Two months later, the corresponding figures were 5 and 7, 3 and 6, respectively. Half of a year after the surgery, 5 from the residual group and 12 from the disappearance group had fully recovered in terms of LSR, while 9 and 2 cases were significantly relieved. Altogether, there were significant differences within the two groups in terms of recovery among all the time points, with significantly better recovery in the LSR disappearance group than the LSR residual group at 1 week after operation, while there were no significant differences between the two groups in recovery 3 and 6 months after their operation.Conclusions:Preoperative electromyography can provide objective assessments of the scope, severity, and facial nerve excitability of patients with hemifacial spasm. Real-time intraoperative electrophysiology monitoring can help surgeons to objectively assess the effect of decompression and to find and avoid nerve traction injury in surrounding areas quickly.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 287-291, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994572

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the team construction and treatment strategy of the Diabetic Foot-Multidisciplinary Team.Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients with severe ischemic diabetic foot treated by our Diabetic Foot-Multidisciplinary Team Center from Apr 2021 to Mar 2022 were collected, and the overall amputation rate, above-ankle major amputation rate, minor amputation rate and mortality, Diabetic Foot-Multidisciplinary Team consultation discipline participation rate and treatment participation degree were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Nineteen patients (15 males and 4 females) were enrolled, aged 26 to 94 (68.6±14.2). All were with severe ischemic diabetic foot ulcer:Rutherford grade 5 or up and dysfunction in 2 or more organs. Complications included arteriosclerosis obliterans of the lower extremities in 18 cases, heart diseases in 18, hypertension in 15, and renal insufficiencies in 10. The overall amputation rate was 36.8%, major amputation rate in 21.1%, minor amputation rate in 15.8%, and mortality rate was 15.8%. A total of 16 disciplines participated in Diabetic Foot-Multidisciplinary Team; the main participating disciplines were vascular surgery (19 times), endocrinology (12 times), and cardiology (11 times). The main treatment disciplines were vascular surgery (14 times), plastic surgery (3 times), and cardiology (2 times).Conclusion:For the diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot, it is necessary to set up a multidisciplinary team as early as possible to control the causes of diabetic foot ulcer, prevent the recurrence of diabetic foot ulcer, reduce the mortality and amputation rate, and improve the quality of life of patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1041-1049, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993537

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical characteristics of screw only spatial weaving fixation and calcaneal plate fixation in calcaneal fractures.Methods:Sanders type III calcaneus fracture model was established by using calcaneus model specimens: the physiological model group were the normal calcaneal models; the steel plate group were conventional steel plate fixation fracture models; the metal screw group were fracture models with only metal screw weaving fixation; seven and nine absorbable screw spatial weaving groups (seven absorbable screw group, nine absorbable screw group) were used to weave and fix fracture models with seven and nine absorbable screws. Cyclic test and mechanical compression test were carried out, and load-displacement curves were recorded. The material properties of metal screw spatial weaving and calcaneal anatomical plate system were replicated, finite element fracture models were established, and the calcaneal internal fixation models of plate screw group and spatial weaving screw group were completed by reverse processing. The changes of biomechanical characteristics of calcaneal bone in human (70 kg) standing on one foot were simulated, and the distribution of structural strength was analyzed by Von Mises equivalent stress cloud diagram and displacement cloud diagram.Results:In the cyclic test of 20-200 N load, the physiological model group, the plate group, the metal screw group, the absorbable 7 screw group, the absorbable 9 screw group were 0.87±0.22, 0.82±0.08, 0.70±0.12, 1.04±0.13 and 0.83±1.76 mm, the difference in model gap was statistically significant ( F=3.16, P=0.037). Among them, the absorbable 7 screws group was larger than the metal screws group ( t=4.28, P=0.003), and the other pin-two comparisons were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The deformation of the five groups was 0.37±0.06, 0.38±0.07, 0.38±0.06, 0.52±0.07 and 0.42±0.07 mm, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=4.39, P=0.010). The deformation of absorbable 7 screws group was greater than that of physiological model group, the plate group and metal screw group ( t=3.69, P=0.006; t=3.25, P=0.012; t=3.51, P=0.008). In static test, compression displacement was 7.14±0.79, 7.30±0.66, 6.95±0.28, 8.19±0.61 and 7.16±0.55 mm, the difference was statistically significant ( F=3.28, P=0.032). The displacement of the absorbable 7 screws group was greater than that of the metal screws group ( t=4.13, P=0.003). The stiffness changes were 570.60±122.62, 512.86±80.77, 497.40±66.50, 456.21±58.19 and 560.39±94.40 N/mm, respectively, with no statistical significance ( F=1.44, P=0.258). The results of finite element analysis showed that under 3 500 N axial pressure load, the maximum compression displacement and stiffness of the plate and screw set were 6.47 mm, 540.96 N/mm, and the Von Mises equivalent stress peaks were 450.31 and 353.15 MPa, respectively. The maximum compression displacement and stiffness of the braided screw group were 5.25 mm, 666.67 N/mm, and the peak Von Mises equivalent stress of the screw was 396.20 MPa. Conclusion:Compared with lateral plate fixation, spatial weaving fixation can provide sufficient biomechanical stability for calcaneal healing and is superior to plate fixation in terms of structural stability, which may help to improve the effectiveness of calcaneal fracture fixation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 154-160, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993067

ABSTRACT

Metabolic reprogramming refers to the phenomenon that tumor cells, in order to meet their own growth and energy needs, regulate their biological functions by changing their metabolic mode, help themselves resist external stresses, and thus enable cells to adapt to hypoxia, acid, nutrient deficiency and other microenvironments and rapidly proliferate. It was found that metabolic reprogramming could contribute to radiation resistance and it also could be induced in bystander cells which may result in radiation resistance and the cancellation. Investigation the mechanism of radiation-induced metabolic reprogramming may provide new ideas and a theoretical framework for radiation protection, radiotherapy, and radio-diagnosis. This article reviewed the research progress on the mechanism of metabolic reprogramming in the direct and bystander effects of radiation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 748-755, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differences in cerebral oxygen metabolism in healthy volunteers at three altitude areas by MR quantitative magnetic susceptibility imaging (QSM) combined with three-dimensional arterial spin labeling (3D-ASL).Methods:From March 2019 to October 2020, Zhengzhou Han Chinese volunteers recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Xining Han Chinese volunteers recruited from the Fifth People′s Hospital of Qinghai Province, Lhasa Han Chinese volunteers and Tibetan volunteers recruited from Lhasa People′s Hospital were collected. They were divided into 21-30 age group, 31-40 age group, and 41-50 age group. All the volunteers underwent MR QSM combined with 3D-ASL sequence imaging, and oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) images of gray matter, and white matter were collected, OEF and CBF values were obtained, and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO 2) values were calculated. The comparison of various indicators among multiple groups was conducted using one-way ANOVA, and pairwise comparisons were conducted using LSD- t test. Results:A total of 132 volunteers were included, including 38 Han Chinese volunteers in Zhengzhou, 9 in the 21-30 age group, 13 in the 31-40 age group and 16 in the 41-50 age group; 27 Han Chinese volunteers in Xining, including 9 in the 21-30 age group, 8 in the 31-40 age group and 10 in the 41-50 age group; 34 Han Chinese volunteers in Lhasa, including 13 in the 21-30 age group, 11 in the 31-40 age group and 10 in the 41-50 age group; and 33 Tibetan volunteers in Lhasa, including 10 in the 21-30 age group, 10 in the 31-40 age group and 13 in the 41-50 age group. In the group aged 21-30 years, the overall difference in brain gray matter OEF values among volunteers from different altitudes was statistically significant ( P<0.05), with statistically significant differences in OEF values between Tibetans in Lhasa and Han Chinese in Xining, Han Chinese in Lhasa ( P<0.05). The overall difference in CMRO 2 values in the gray matter of volunteers at different altitudes was statistically significant ( P<0.05), with significant differences in CMRO 2 values between Lhasa Tibetan and Han Chinese in Zhengzhou, Han Chinese in Xining, Han Chinese in Lhasa ( P<0.05). In the 31-40 age group, there were statistically significant differences in the overall CBF values of gray and white matter among volunteers from different altitudes ( P<0.05). Among them, there were statistically significant differences in the CBF values of gray and white matter between Han Chinese in Zhengzhou and Han in Xining, Han Chinese in Lhasa, Lhasa Tibetan ( P<0.05). The overall differences in OEF values of gray matter and white matter among volunteers at different altitudes were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Among them, there were statistically significant differences in OEF values of gray matter and white matter between the Han Chinese in Zhengzhou and the Han Chinese in Xining, the Han Chinese in Lhasa ( P<0.05). There was also a statistically significant difference in OEF values of gray matter and white matter between the Han Chinese in Lhasa and the Tibetan in Lhasa ( P<0.05). The overall difference in CMRO 2 values in gray and white matter among volunteers from different altitudes was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Among them, there was a statistically significant difference in CMRO 2 values of cerebral gray matter between Lhasa Tibetans and Zhengzhou Han, Xining Han, Lhasa Han ( P<0.05), and there was a statistically significant difference in CMRO 2 values of cerebral white matter between Lhasa Tibetans and Zhengzhou Han, Lhasa Han ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The cerebral oxygen metabolism of Tibetan living in the plateau is characterized by low oxygen consumption, low blood oxygen dependence and high tissue oxygen utilization. The CMRO 2 of the Han people who migrated to the plateau for a long time is maintained at a certain level, similar to that in the plain area. The effects of age factors on CBF, OEF and CMRO 2 are small.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 490-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992977

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes in dynamic functional connectivity density (dFCD) and its relationship with Fagerstr?m test for nicotine dependence (FTND) scores in individuals with smoking addiction based on functional MR.Methods:The clinical and imaging data of 176 volunteers recruited through wechat and other online platforms from September 2019 to December 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. The 176 volunteers were male, aged 20 to 55 years old, and were divided into light smoking addiction group (59 cases), heavy smoking addiction group (61 cases) and control group (56 cases). All subjects underwent resting state functional MR scanning and dFCD was calculated. The dFCD values of three groups were analyzed by ANOVA analysis (GRF corrected, voxel level P<0.005, cluster level P<0.01). Bonferroni correction was used for pairwise comparison. Pearson partial correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between dFCD values of brain regions with statistically significant differences and FTND scores. Results:Differences in dFCD among light smoking addiction group, heavy smoking addiction group and control group were mainly distributed in the right orbitofrontal cortex, left caudate nucleus, right putamen, bilateral calcarine sulcus cortex, right cuneus, left parahippocampal gyrus, left precuneus, left middle temporal gyrus and bilateral thalamus (GRF corrected, voxel level P<0.005, cluster level P<0.01). Compared with the control group, both the light and heavy smoking addiction groups showed decreased dFCD in the bilateral calcarine sulcus cortex, right cuneus and left precuneus, as well as increased dFCD in the right orbitofrontal cortex, right putamen, left caudate nucleus and left thalamus (Bonferroni corrected, P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the heavy smoking addiction group showed increased dFCD in the right thalamus, and the light smoking addiction group showed decreased dFCD in the left middle temporal gyrus (Bonferroni corrected, P<0.001). Compared with the light smoking addiction group, the heavy smoking addiction group showed increased dFCD in the left middle temporal gyrus and right thalamus, and decreased dFCD in the left parahippocampal gyrus (Bonferroni corrected, P<0.05). The mean value of dFCD in the right thalamus was positively correlated with FTND scores in smoking addiction patients ( r=0.227, P=0.014), and the mean value of dFCD in the right thalamus of the heavy smoking addiction subgroup was positively correlated with FTND scores ( r=0.323, P=0.013). There was no correlation between FTND scores and dFCD in the right thalamus of the light smoking addiction group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:There are changes of neural activity in brain regions related to smoking behaviors among people with different severity of smoking addiction, and smoking behaviors of people with heavy smoking addiction tend to be habitual compared with those with light smoking addiction.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 421-426, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risk factors for adjacent vertebral compression fracture (AVCF) after fusion surgery of lumbar canal stenosis in the elderly.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was designed for 297 patients with lumbar canal stenosis who underwent fusion surgery in Hubei Provincial Hospital of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine from January 2017 to December 2020. There were 42 males and 255 females, aged 68-85 years [(76.3±7.2)years]. The patients were divided into AVCF group ( n=67) and non-AVCF group ( n=230) according to with or without the occurrence of AVCF. The indicators recorded were the gender, age, body mass index, education level, number of combined basic diseases, course of the disease, preoperative bone mineral density, intraoperative bleeding volume, number of level fused during operation, postoperative blood transfusion volume, postoperative observation in the ICU, types of postoperative external fixation and time of external fixation. Univariate analysis was conducted to analyze the correlation between above risk factors and AVCF after fusion surgery of lumbar canal stenosis in the elderly. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for the occurrence of AVCF in these patients. Results:In the univariate analysis, age, education level, preoperative bone mineral density, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative blood transfusion volume and postoperative observation in the ICU were correlated with AVCF after fusion surgery of lumbar canal stenosis in the elderly ( P<0.05 or 0.01), while there was no correlation of AVCF with gender, body mass index, number of combined basic diseases, course of the disease, number of level fused during operation, types of postoperative external fixation and time of external fixation (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender ( OR=4.02, 95% CI 1.35, 12.00, P<0.05), preoperative bone mineral density≤-2.5 SD ( OR=2.01, 95% CI 1.47, 2.75, P<0.01), intraoperative bleeding volume≥475 ml ( OR=1.01, 95% CI 1.00, 1.01, P<0.01) and postoperative blood transfusion volume≥434 ml ( OR=0.99, 95% CI 0.98, 1.00, P<0.01) were significantly associated with AVCF after fusion surgery of lumbar canal stenosis in the elderly. Conclusion:The female, bone mineral density≤-2.5 SD, intraoperative bleeding volume≥476 ml and postoperative blood transfusion volume≥434 ml are independent risk factors for AVCF after fusion surgery of lumbar canal stenosis in the elderly.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 289-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992601

ABSTRACT

Periarticular fracture of the shoulder is a common type of fractures in the elderly. Postoperative adverse events such as internal fixation failure, humeral head ischemic necrosis and upper limb dysfunction occur frequently, which seriously endangers the exercise and health of the elderly. Compared with the fracture with normal bone mass, the osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder is complicated with slow healing and poor rehabilitation, so the clinical management becomes more difficult. At present, there is no targeted guideline or consensus for this type of fracture in China. In such context, experts from Youth Osteoporosis Group of Chinese Orthopedic Association, Orthopedic Expert Committee of Geriatrics Branch of Chinese Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Osteoporosis Group of Youth Committee of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons and Osteoporosis Committee of Shanghai Association of Chinese Integrative Medicine developed the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder in the elderly ( version 2023). Nine recommendations were put forward from the aspects of diagnosis, treatment strategies and rehabilitation of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder, hoping to promote the standardized, systematic and personalized diagnosis and treatment concept and improve functional outcomes and quality of life in elderly patients with osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder.

14.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 31-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the alterations of resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra (SN) among male smokers, and its correlation with clinical characteristics of smoking.Methods:The resting-state functional magnetic resonance data of 131 subjects recruited from January 2014 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, including 76 smokers (smoking group) and 55 non-smokers (control group). VTA/SN was selected as regions of interest (ROI), and then calculated RSFC between VTA/SN and the whole brain.Based on SPM12 software, independent sample t-test was conducted to compare the differences in RSFC between smoking group and control group.Based on SPSS 22.0 software, Pearson correlation analysis was used to investigate the relationships between the RSFC of brain regions with significant differences and Fagerstr?m test for nicotine dependence (FTND) score, pack-year of smokers. Results:Compared with control group, the results showed decreased RSFC between VTA and the brain regions related default mode network (DMN)(including posterior cingulate cortex, right anterior cuneiform lobe, bilateral superior temporal gyrus, right middle temporal gyrus and right inferior parietal lobule), and regions of limbic system(including right marginal lobe and right angular gyrus), right calcarine (MNI: x, y, z=24, -55, -14) and left insula(MNI: x, y, z=-35, -11, 9) in smoking group(GRF corrected, voxel level P<0.005, cluster level P<0.05). Taking SN as the seed, there was no significant difference between smoking group and control group ( P>0.05). RSFC of VTA-left superior temporal gyrus was positively correlated with pack-year( r=0.243, P=0.034) and FTND ( r=0.282, P=0.014). VTA-left insula RSFC was positively correlated with FTND ( r=0.316, P=0.006). Conclusion:The RSFC in the mesolimbic system and the VTA-DMN circuit exist abnormal changes in smokers.To some extent, it may explain the reward deficits and dysfunction of emotion regulation in smokers, which may provide clues for further understanding the mechanism of tobacco addiction.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 818-822, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes and clinical significance of multiple cytokine levels in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in patients undergoing tracheotomy with severe inhalation injury.Methods:A prospective study was conducted. A total of 32 patients with severe burn combined with severe inhalation injury admitted to the department of burns and plastic surgery of Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from May 2021 to August 2022 were enrolled. Twenty healthy volunteers from the same period were served as controls. EBC of patients at 12 hours after burn and the samples of healthy controls were collected. The levels of 27 cytokines in EBC, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukins (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-17), were determined by liquid phase chip technology. Meanwhile, plasma of patients at 12 hours after burn and the plasma of volunteers were collected, and the levels of inflammatory cytokines were detected by liquid chip technology, and the differences between the levels in plasma and those in EBC were analyzed. Plasma and EBC of patients with aspiration injury were collected at 12 hours and 3, 7, 14 and 21 days after burn, and TNF-α levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Results:Finally, 32 patients were enrolled, and the total burned area was (40±16)% of total body surface area (TBSA). The time of admission was (4.2±2.3) hours after injury. ① Twenty-seven cytokines in EBC: 18 kinds of cytokines including macrophage inflammatory protein-1β (MIP-1β), IL-6, IL-5, IL-2, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-10, IL-15, IL-9, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), TNF-α, chemotactic factor for eosinophil (Eotaxin), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), platelet derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB), interferon-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) were significantly increased in patients with severe aspiration injury compared with health controls. Eotaxin was not detected in EBC of healthy controls. Five cytokines, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5/RANTES), IL-13, IL-4 and MIP-1α, were not detected in EBC of severe inhalation injury patients and healthy controls. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and IL-12 p70 in EBC of severe aspiration injury patients were slightly decreased as compared with healthy controls, while IL-7 and IL-17 were slightly increased, but the differences were not statistically significant. ② Six inflammatory cytokines in plasma: the levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in the severe aspiration injury group were significantly increased as compared with healthy controls [IL-6 (ng/L): 18.51 (10.87, 26.21) vs. 0.22 (0.10, 0.36), IL-8 (ng/L): 10.75 (8.58, 18.79) vs. 1.06 (0.81, 2.14), both P < 0.01]. The plasma levels of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-10 were slightly increased in patients with severe aspiration injury as compared with healthy controls, and IL-17 was slightly decreased, but the difference was not statistically significant. In the EBC collected during the same period, five inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10, in patients with severe inhalation injury were significantly increased as compared with healthy controls [TNF-α (ng/L): 16.42 (12.57, 19.21) vs. 7.34 (6.11, 8.69), IL-1β (ng/L): 15.57 (10.53, 20.25) vs. 0.99 (0.67, 1.41), IL-6 (ng/L): 13.36 (9.76, 16.54) vs. 0.70 (0.42, 0.85), IL-8 (ng/L): 1 059.29 (906.91, 1 462.37) vs. 10.36 (8.40, 12.37), IL-10 (ng/L): 2.69 (1.54, 3.33) vs. 1.54 (1.18, 2.06), all P < 0.05]. ③ Dynamic changes of TNF-α in plasma and EBC: the level of TNF-α in EBC of patients with severe aspiration injury was lower than that in plasma. Plasma TNF-α level was increased gradually with the extension of time after injury, and was significantly higher than that of healthy controls on day 3 [ng/L: 30.38 (24.32, 39.19) vs. 22.94 (17.15, 30.74), P < 0.05], and reached the peak on day 14, then fell back. The level of TNF-α in EBC at 12 hours after injury was significantly higher than that in healthy controls [ng/L: 15.34 (11.75, 18.14) vs. 6.99 (6.53, 7.84), P < 0.01], and reached the peak on 3 days after injury, and then gradually decreased. Conclusion:There are changes in the expression of multiple cytokines in EBC of patients with severe inhalation injury, and the changes of many inflammatory cytokines including TNF-α are more sensitive than those in plasma, which can be used to monitor and evaluate the condition of patients with inhalation injury.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 637-641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the iodine nutrition status and influencing factors of thyroid volume of children aged 8 - 10 years in Shiyan City, Hubei Province.Methods:From June 2019 to October 2020, in 8 counties (cities, districts) under the jurisdiction of Shiyan City, Hubei Province, each county (city, district) was divided into 5 districts according to the east, west, south, north, and center. One township (street) was selected in each district, and 40 children aged 8 to 10 years from one primary school (age balanced, half male and half female), were selected in each township (street), and their home salt samples and once random urine sample were taken to detect salt iodine and urinary iodine levels. At the same time, thyroid volume measurements and physical examination were performed.Results:A total of 3 172 salt samples were collected from children's homes, with a salt iodine content of 23.68 mg/kg. The iodine salt coverage rate was 99.81% (3 166/3 172), and the qualified iodine salt consumption rate was 96.72% (3 068/3 172). A total of 3 172 urine samples were collected from children, with a median urinary iodine level of 241.87 μg/L, indicating that iodine nutrition was at a super optimal level. There were statistically significant differences in the median urinary iodine among children of different genders and regions ( Z = - 3.63, H = 160.83, P < 0.001). The thyroid of 1 191 children was examined, and the goiter rate was 0.67% (8/1 191), and there were statistically significant differences in the goiter rate of children of different ages and regions (χ 2 = 6.41, 11.91, P = 0.040, 0.002). The correlation analysis results showed that there was a negative correlation between urinary iodine and thyroid volume in children ( r = - 0.08, P = 0.025); according to age stratification, there were positive correlation between height, weight, body surface area, and thyroid volume in children aged 8, 9 and 10 years ( P < 0.05). Conclusions:The iodine nutrition of 8 - 10 years old children in Shiyan City is in an over appropriate level, and the goiter rate is low. Urinary iodine, height, weight, and body surface area of children are all factors influencing thyroid volume.

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Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 230-236, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990997

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the recovery effect of continuous infusion of dexmedetomidine combined with oxycodone or sufentanil in the anesthesia intensive care unit (AICU) in elderly patients after thoracoscopic radical surgery for lung cancer.Methods:Using the method of prospective study, 80 elderly lung cancer patients underwent selective thoracoscopic radical surgery under general anesthesia in Nanjing First Hospital from February 2021 to May 2022 were selected. The patients were divided into dexmedetomidine combined with sufentanil group (S group) and dexmedetomidine combined with oxycodone group (Q group) by random digits table method with 40 cases each group. On the basis of routine monitoring and treatment after operation, the patients in Q group were continuously injected with oxycodone 0.03 mg/(kg·h) and dexmedetomidine 0.4 μg/(kg·h) through analgesia pump, the patients in S group were continuously injected with sufentanil 0.03 mg/(kg·h) and dexmedetomidine 0.4 μg/(kg·h) through analgesia pump. The wake-up time, extubation time, awakening quality (Aldrete score and bucking score) and comfort level (Bruggrmann comfort scale score, BCS score) after entering the AICU were record; the sedation score (Ramsay score) and pain relief score (numerical rating scale score, NRS score) and hemodynamic changes (mean arterial pressure and heart rate) 3, 5, 7, 10 and 14 h after entering the AICU were record; the level of serum inflammatory factors, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) immediately, 5 h and 14 h after entering the AICU; press times of analgesia pump, adverse events, bleeding volume of drainage tube during AICU and overall satisfaction score when leaving the AICU were record.Results:The bucking score in Q group was significantly lower than that in S group: (1.02 ± 0.77) scores vs. (1.88 ± 0.34) scores, the Aldrete score and BCS score were significantly higher than those in S group: (8.93 ± 0.25) scores vs. (5.97 ± 0.32) scores and (3.03 ± 0.32) scores vs. (0.93 ± 0.52) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01); there were no statistical difference in wake-up time and extubation time between two groups ( P>0.05). There were no statistical difference Ramassy score, NRS score 3 and 5 h after entering the AICU, mean arterial pressure and heart rate between two groups ( P>0.05); the Ramassy score 7, 10 and 14 h after entering the AICU in Q group was significantly lower than that in S group, the NRS score, mean arterial pressure and heart rate were significantly lower than those in S group, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). There were no statistical differences in TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP immediately after entering the AICU between two groups ( P>0.05); the TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP 5 and 14 h after entering the AICU in Q group were significantly lower than those in S group, and there were statistical difference ( P<0.01). The press times of analgesia pump, bleeding volume of drainage tube and the incidences of nausea vomiting, respiratory depression, lethargy, restlessness, fever and lung infection in Q group were significantly lower than those in S group: (4.63 ± 1.10) times vs. (18.80 ± 1.54) times, (129.67 ± 4.14) ml vs. (164.00 ± 8.14) ml, 10.0% (4/40) vs. 52.5% (21/40), 2.5% (1/40) vs. 25.0% (10/40), 7.5% (3/40) vs. 47.5% (19/40), 0 vs. 20.0% (8/40), 2.5% (1/40) vs. 22.5% (9/40) and 2.5% (1/40) vs. 20.0% (8/40), and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05); there was no severe hypotension, severe bradycardia and delirium in both groups. The overall satisfaction score in Q group was significantly higher than that in S group: (3.53 ± 0.63) scores vs. (2.70 ± 0.65) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01). Conclusions:Continuous micro-pump infusion of dexmedetomidine combined with oxycodone in AICU elderly patients with lung cancer after thoracoscopic radical surgery can significantly improve the quality of recovery and comfort during extubation, without affecting the extubation time, and can effectively reduce the degree of pain, stress and inflammatory reaction in the early recovery period, and reduce the incidence of adverse events after surgery.

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Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 278-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990754

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of neonatal gastric perforation (NGP) and risk factors of mortality.Methods:From January, 2015 to December, 2021, clinical manifestations of neonates diagnosed with NGP in the Department of Neonatology and Neonatal Surgical Intensive Care Unit of our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Neonates were assigned into the survival group and the death group according to their prognosis. Risk factors of mortality were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression method.Results:A total of 50 cases were enrolled, including 41 in the survival group and 9 in the death group. 38 cases were males, 34 were premature infants, 30 were low birth weight infants and 5 had history of asphyxia. The clinical manifestations included abdominal distension, tachypnea, cyanosis, poor response, fever, diminished bowel sound and redness of the abdominal wall. Abdominal X-ray indicated pneumoperitoneum. Laboratory abnormalities included leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, elevated C-reactive protein and procalcitonin, decreased blood pH and increased lactic acid. 30 cases had perforation at the greater curvature of stomach. Perforation was larger than 3 cm in 40 cases and intestinal necrosis was identified in 14 cases. Some patients suffered from sepsis, respiratory failure, pulmonary hemorrhage, shock, coagulopathy and other related complications. The death group had significantly higher incidences of dyspnea, fever, elevated procalcitonin, blood pH<7.3, intestinal necrosis, time from onset of clinical manifestations to operation (Tm-o) >24 h and complications than the survival group ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pH<7.3 ( OR=9.755, 95% CI 1.363-69.800), Tm-o>24 h (OR=11.831, 95%CI 1.305-107.301), septic shock and sepsis ( OR=29.622, 95% CI 3.728-235.369) were risk factors of mortality. Conclusions:The main manifestations of NGP are abdominal distension and pneumoperitoneum. The risk factors of mortality in NGP are sepsis, blood pH<7.3 and Tm-o>24 h.

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Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 899-908, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of acute biliopancreatic complica-tions in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone and construction of prediction model.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was constructed. The clinical data of 98 patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone who were admitted to the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from September 2011 to October 2022 and 53 patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone who were admitted to Gansu Provincial Hospital May 2014 to October 2021 were collected. The age of 151 patients was 29(25,32)years. Observation indicators: (1) situations of patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone; (2) risk factors of acute biliopancreatic com-plications in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone; (3) construction of prediction model for acute biliopancreatic complications in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the rank sum test. Univariate and multi-variate analyses were conducted using the Logistic regression model. Nomogram prediction model was conducted, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate discri-mination of the nomogram predic-tion model. The calibration curve and clinical decision curve were used to evaluate calibration and net clinical benefit of the nomogram prediction model. Internal validation of the prediction model was performed by applying 10-fold cross-validation. Results:(1) Situations of patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone. The total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, prepregnancy body mass index (<18.5 kg/m 2, 18.5?24.0 kg/m 2, >24.0 kg/m 2), gesta-tional period (early, mid, late), primipara (positive, negative), stone type (solitary, non solitary), diameter of stone (≤10 mm, >10 mm), gallbladder wall thickness (≥4 mm, <4 mm) were (4.9±1.4)mmol/L, 1.88(1.22,2.93)mmol/L, 1.48(1.22,1.83)mmol/L, (2.8±0.9)mmol/L, 13, 75, 58, 37, 45, 69, 86, 65, 37, 114, 89, 62, 38, 113 in the 151 patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone. Of the 151 patients, the age, prepregnancy body mass index (<18.5 kg/m 2, 18.5?24.0 kg/m 2, >24.0 kg/m 2), primipara (positive, negative), stone type (solitary, non solitary), diameter of stone (≤10 mm, >10 mm), gallbladder wall thickness (≥4 mm, <4 mm) were 31(28,37)years, 3, 30, 36, 29, 40, 32, 37, 26, 43, 4, 65 in 69 cases without symptom, versus 27(24,31)years, 10, 45, 22, 57, 25, 5, 77, 63, 19, 34, 48 in 82 cases combined with acute biliopancreatic complications, showing significant differences in the above indicators between them ( Z=?3.636, ?2.385, χ2=11.544, 32.862, 23.729, 25.310, P<0.05). Five of the 82 patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone missed data of prepregnancy body mass index. Of the 82 patients, there were 42 patients of simple acute cholecystitis, 40 patients of common bile duct stone and/or acute biliary pancreatitis including 18 cases of common bile duct stone, 13 cases of acute biliary pancreatitis and 9 cases of common bile duct stone combined with acute biliary pancreatitis. (2) Risk factors of acute biliopancreatic complications in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone. Results of multivariate analysis showed that primipara, non solitary stone, diameter of stone ≤10 mm, gallbladder wall thickness ≥4 mm were independent risk factors of acute biliopancreatic complications in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone ( odds ratio=3.102, 6.305, 3.674, 6.686, 95% confidence interval as 1.280?7.519, 1.886?21.080, 1.457?9.265, 1.984?22.528, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis in further analysis showed that primipara, non solitary stone, gallbladder wall thickness ≥4 mm were independent risk factors of simple acute cholecystitis in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone ( odds ratio=3.671, 8.905, 7.137, 95% confidence interval as 1.386?9.723, 2.332?34.006, 1.902?26.773, P<0.05), and age, non solitary stone, diameter of stone ≤10 mm, gallbladder wall thickness ≥4 mm were independent risk factors of common bile duct stone and/or acute biliary pancreatitis in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone ( odds ratio=0.883, 5.361, 5.472, 8.895, 95% confidence interval as 0.789?0.988, 1.062?27.071, 1.590?18.827, 2.064?38.325, P<0.05). (3) Construction of prediction model for acute biliopancreatic complications in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone. The nomogram prediction model for acute biliopancreatic complications in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone was constructed based on the clinical factors of age, primipara, stone type, diameter of stone and gallbladder wall thickness. The area under the curve (AUC) of ROC curve of prediction model was 0.869 (95% confidence interval as 0.813?0.923), indicating that the prediction model with good predictive ability. Results of Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed a good fit ( χ2=5.680, P>0.05), indicating that the prediction model with good calibration. Results of decision curve analysis showed the prediction model with high net clinical benefit. Results of internal validation of the prediction model based on 10-fold cross-validation showed the AUC of ROC curve for the cross-validation sample was 0.833, indicating that the prediction model with good stability. Conclusions:Primigravida, non solitary stone, diameter of stone ≤10 mm, gallbladder wall thickness ≥4 mm are independent risk factors of acute biliopancreatic complications in patients of pregnancy combined with gallbladder stone. The prediction model for acute biliopancreatic complications has good predictive ability.

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Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 391-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990653

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing of inferior mediastinum and esophageal hiatus lymph node metastasis by submucosal different venous divisions of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) invaded in Siewert type Ⅱ adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 547 patients with Siewert type Ⅱ AEG who were admitted to Shanxi Cancer Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 were collected. There were 461 males and 86 females, aged 61 (range, 33?75)years. Observa-tion indicators: (1) lymph node metastasis rate in different groups; (2) influencing factors of inferior mediastinum lymph node metastasis in Siewert type Ⅱ AEG; (3) influencing factors of esophageal hiatus lymph node metastasis in Siewert type Ⅱ AEG. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range) or M( Q1, Q3), and com-parison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as percentages or absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. The univariate analysis was conducted using the corresponding statistical methods based on data type. The Logistic regression model was used for multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Lymph node metastasis rate in different groups. The lymph node metastasis rate in No. 1, 2, 3, 4sa, 4sb, 7, 8a, 9, 11,20, 108, 110 of the 547 patients was 17.37%(95/547), 6.76%(37/547), 46.44%(254/547), 1.65%(9/547), 1.10%(6/547), 23.22%(127/547), 4.39%(24/547), 3.11%(17/547), 3.47%(19/547), 3.66%(20/547), 0.55%(3/547), 4.20%(23/547), respectively. Of the 547 patients, there were 456 cases with proximal of AEG invading submucosal palisade venous of EGJ including 4 cases with inferior mediastinum lymph node metastasis and no case with media mediastinum or up media-stinum lymph node metastasis. There were 91 cases with proximal of AEG invading submucosal perforator venous of EGJ including 18 cases with inferior mediastinum lymph node metastasis, 3 cases with media mediastinum lymph node metastasis and no case with up mediastinum lymph node metastasis. (2) Influencing factors of inferior mediastinum lymph node metastasis in Siewert type Ⅱ AEG. Results of multivariate analysis showed that age, tumor invading submucosal perforator venous of EGJ and histological classification were independent influencing factors for inferior media-stinum lymph node metastasis of Siewert type Ⅱ AEG ( odds ratio=0.93, 23.33, 0.31, 95% confidence interval as 0.87?0.99, 4.18?130.28, 0.12?0.78, P<0.05). (3) Influencing factors of esophageal hiatus lymph node metastasis in Siewert type Ⅱ AEG. Tumor invading submucosal perforator venous of EGJ was an independent influencing factor for esophageal hiatus lymph node metastasis of Siewert type Ⅱ AEG ( odds ratio=14.95, 95% confidence interval as 2.46?90.76, P<0.05). Conclusion:Age, tumor invading submucosal perforator venous of EGJ and histological classification are independent influencing factors for inferior mediastinum lymph node metastasis of Siewert type Ⅱ AEG, and tumor invading submucosal perforator venous of EGJ is an independent influencing factor for esophageal hiatus lymph node metastasis.

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