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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1467-1475, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of posterior short-segment internal fixation for the treatment of brucella spondylitis (BS).Methods:The medical records of 34 patients with BS admitted from January 2014 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 22 males and 12 females; the age was 52.3±10.6 years (range 35-72 years). On the basis of standardized use of antibacterial drugs, the lumbar spine posterior short-segment internal fixation was used. Twenty-nine cases underwent simple internal fixation, and posterolateral bone graft fusion, while 5 cases underwent primary debridement, autologous bone grafting and interbody fusion. Monitor erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and test tube agglutination test (SAT) were used to assess inflammation control. Imaging examinations of patients before operation, 1 month after operation, 3 months after operation, 6 months after operation, 1 year after operation to the last follow-up were analyzed to evaluate the condition of intervertebral fusion. The clinical efficacy evaluation was based on the pain visual analog scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, modified MacNab grading, and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading, as well as surgery-related complications.Results:The operation time of 34 patients was 104.64±16.72 min (range 65-145 min), the average hospital stay was 16.49±7.41 days (range 7-38 d), and the average postoperative follow-up time was 20.2 months (range 12-34 months). At the last follow-up, the ESR and CRP fell to the normal range, and the SAT was negative. At 3 months postoperatively, 11 cases (32.35%) reached Bridwell fusion criteria of grade II, 23 cases (67.65%) of grade III; 3 cases (8.82%) of grade I fusion at 6 months after surgery, 31 cases reached grade II fusion (91.18%); all reached grade I fusion at the last follow-up. After the operation, the symptoms of the waist or lower extremities were significantly relieved. The VAS score was 6.3±1.4 before the operation, 4.1±1.2 at 1 month after the operation, 2.7±1.4 at 3 months after the operation, 1.6±1.0 at 6 months after the operation, and 1.2±0.8 at the last follow-up. The JOA score before surgery was 13.8±2.4, 1 month after surgery 17.6±2.6, 3 months after surgery 21.7±3.1, 6 months after operation 4.9±2.7, and at the last follow-up 25.7±1.8. Compared with the preoperative time nodes of the above indicators, the differences were statistically significant. At the last follow-up, of the 12 patients (2 cases of grade C, 10 cases of grade D) with preoperative neurological dysfunction, 2 cases recovered from grade C to grade D, and 10 cases recovered from grade D to E; the excellent and good rate of modified MacNab grading reached 97.06% (33/34). No extradural hematoma, nerve damage, cerebrospinal fluid leakage and other surgical complications occurred. Only 1 case had wound infection complication, and the prognosis was good after active treatment. There were no recurrences during the follow-up period.Conclusion:On the basis of standardized antimicrobial treatment, posterior lumbar short-segment internal fixation is a safe and effective method for the treatment of BS, and good clinical effects can be obtained.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 800-807, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910661

ABSTRACT

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) refers to the biomechanical and structural changes of intervertebral disc tissues due to the effects of a variety of factors. Theses physical or chemical factors lead to the rupture of the annulus fibrous, protrusion of the nucleus pulposus tissue, compression of the spinal cord and nerve roots and causing the patient's back and leg pain ultimately. Degeneration of intervertebral disc is a common condition in clinical practice, which affects working ability and daily living quality of patients seriously. Due to the change of living habits, the population with IDD tend to be younger recently. The etiology, pathogenesis and diagnosis and interventions of IDD have always been hot topics in spinal surgery. Thus, animal models of IDD close to the human body has a of great clinical significance for exploring the etiology, pathological mechanism and non-surgical treatment of IDD. At present, the establishment of IDD model mainly includes two following aspects, in vitro model and in vivo model. There are two main in vitro models, cell culture and tissue or organ culture. There are seven kinds of in vivo models, which can be divided into two categories, namely spontaneous and induced model. Among them, the spontaneous degeneration model is also regarded as age-related degeneration, while the induced model refers to the construction of the animal model of IDD by injuring the structure of the intervertebral disc, changing the biomechanical structure of the vertebral body, development spinal instability caused by surgery or constructing nerve root compression and gene knockout. Although there are many methods of animal modeling and literature reports, each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. The advantages and disadvantages should be weighed when choosing the animal models.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906409

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence rate of andrological diseases has shown a significant growth trend. Considering the unavailability of a perfect theoretical system for andrology in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the complex pathogenesis despite of the limited types of andrological diseases, it is necessary to improve the clinical efficacy of andrological diseases so as to satisfy the needs of patients. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the andrologists of TCM and western medicine and the outstanding young clinicians to discuss the andrological diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, such as chronic prostatitis, male infertility, benign prostatic hyperplasia, erectile dysfunction, and premature ejaculation, determine their diagnostic criteria in western medicine, and standardize the specifications for TCM diagnosis and treatment based on syndrome differentiation, thus formulating recognized and integrated diagnosis and treatment protocols. Apart from proposing suggestions on the treatment of such andrological diseases with TCM and western medicine, the experts have also figured out the andrological diseases responding specifically to TCM, the optimal intervention time of TCM and western medicine, and the suitable measures including surgery. The resulting consensus helps to better guide the formulation of accurate, personalized, and optimized treatment plans in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of andrological diseases by giving full play to the advantages of TCM, which will in turn contribute to further innovation and development of TCM.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906349

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine have their respective advantages and limitations in the diagnosis and treatment of common otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases. Although the integrated TCM and western medicine exhibits definite curative effects, there is no consensus on the otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, as well as the diagnosis and treatment schemes. The China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) thus organized the otorhinolaryngology head and neck specialists of both TCM and western medicine to discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, and clinical diagnosis and treatment methods of common otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases with the results of multiple clinical trials taken into account. The acute pharyngitis, chronic pharyngolaryngitis, paraesthesia pharyngis, hysterical aphasia, allergic rhinitis, subjective tinnitus, and otogenic vertigo were confirmed to respond specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine. Then a mutually agreed diagnosis and treatment scheme and recommendation with integrated TCM and western medicine was formulated as a reference for clinical practice, thus benefiting more patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906100

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the change in life style, social environment, and national childbearing policy, the proportion of high-risk pregnant women has increased significantly, triggering the spectrum of obstetric diseases to constantly change, which has brought new challenges to the diagnosis and treatment of obstetrics. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been proved effective in dealing with a variety of obstetric diseases, and various treatment methods are available, which can serve as alternative means for solving refractory obstetric diseases. However, most obstetric clinicians are currently less aware of the therapeutic effects of TCM, which has significantly hindered its participation in clinical treatment. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the outstanding young obstetricians of TCM and western medicine to discuss 15 obstetric diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, including hyperemesis gravidarum, threatened abortion, ectopic gestation, cough during pregnancy, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility, postpartum hypogalactia, residual pregnancy tissue in uterine cavity, puerperal infection, pantalgia after childbirth, hematoma/undesirable healing after caesarean section, postpartum urinary retention, ileus after cesarean section, pelvic floor dysfunction, and postnatal depression. The suggestions for their treatment with TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine were also proposed, aiming to provide patients with effective and personalized treatments in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of obstetric diseases, thus benefiting the public. At the same time, more obstetrical clinicians are expected to understand the therapeutic effects and advantages of TCM and draw on the strengths of both TCM and western, thereby promoting the establishment of an obstetric diagnosis and treatment system with Chinese characteristics.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pill (, STDP) following sodium laurate-induced coronary microembolization (CME) in rats.@*METHODS@#Forty rats were divided into 4 groups: the control (sham) group, CME group, low-dose STDP pretreatment group (20 mg·kg@*RESULTS@#The rats in the CME group showed a significant increase in the fibrinogen-like protein 2 expression level and mitochondrial dysfunction and a decrease in the expression level of antioxidant biomarkers (superoxide dismutase and catalase, P<0.01 for all). In contrast, the rats in the low- and high-dose STDP pretreatment groups showed a significant decrease in coronary microthrombi (P<0.05); moreover, STDP restored the antioxidant-related protein activities and mitochondrial function, inhibited mPTP opening, decreased AKT-Ser473 phosphorylation, and increased GSK3β-Ser9 phosphorylation (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#STDP may be useful for treatment of CME, possibly via regulation of mPTP opening and AKT/GSK3β phosphorylation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen proteins interacting with ring finger protein 216(RNF216) through yeast two hybrid experiment, and further clarify the role of RNF216 in the pathogenesis of gonadotropin-releasing hormone deficiency.@*METHODS@#A recombinant expression vector pGBKT7-RNF216 was constructed and transformed into yeast Y2HGold, which was hybridized with a human cDNA library in order to screen proteins interacting with RNF216. The interaction was verified in yeast Y2HGold.@*RESULTS@#A recombinant expression vector pGBKT7-RNF216 was successfully constructed and expressed in yeast Y2HGold. Filamin B (FLNB) was identified by yeast two hybrid experiment, and their interaction was verified in yeast Y2HGold.@*CONCLUSION@#An interaction between FLNB and RNF216 was identified through yeast two hybrid experiment. RNF216 may affect the proliferation and migration of GnRH neurons by regulating FLNB or FLNB/FLNA heterodimers.


Subject(s)
Gene Library , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/genetics , Humans , Proteins , Two-Hybrid System Techniques , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/genetics
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 939-944, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876263

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To stu dy the regulation effects of Huanglian jiedu decoction on M 1 and M 2 macrophage polarization in atherosclerosis (AS)model mice ,and to elucidate its mechanism of AS prevention and treatment. METHODS :Sixty ApoE -/- male mice were randomly divided into blank control group ,model group ,simvastatin group [positive control ,5 mg/(kg·d)], Huanglian jiedu decoction low-dose ,medium-dose and high-dose groups [ 5,10,20 mg/(kg·d),by crude drug] ,with 10 mice in each group. Except for blank control group ,other groups were given high-fat diet to induce AS model. After modeling , administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ;blank control group and model group were given normal saline intragastrially,once a day ,for consecutive 4 weeks. After medication ,the contents of triglyceride (TG),total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in serum were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. Sirius red staining was used to observe the formation of collagen fibers in the aorta of mice. The serum contents of iNOS and CD 206 were determined by ELISA. mRNA expression levels of IL- 1β,iNOS,TNF-α,YM1 and Fizz1 in the aorta were detected by RT-PCR. RESULTS :Compared with blank control group ,the serum contents of TC ,TG, LDL-C and iNOS ,mRNA expression levels of IL- 1β,iNOS,TNF-α in the aorta were significantly increased in model group(P< 0.05 or P<0.01),while the serum contents of HDL-C and CD 206 and mRNA expression levels of IL- 10,YM1,Fizz1 in the aorta were significantly decreased (P<0.01). There was a thick layer of collagen fibers under the endothelium of aorta. Compared with model group ,above serum indexes of mice were improved significantly in administration groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01);mRNA expression levels of IL- 1 ,iNOS and TNF-α in the aorta in Huanglian jiedu decoction medium-dose and high-dose groups were decreased significantly (P<0.01),while mRNA expression levels of IL- 10,YM1 and Fizz 1 were increased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The vascular endothelium was relatively smooth. CONCLUSIONS :Huanglian jiedu decoction can inhibit the polarization of M 1 macrophages and promote the polarization of M 2 macrophages,reduce the inflammatory reaction ,maintain the stability of atherosclerotic plaque in artery ,so as to play the role of anti-AS.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 552-558, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the mechanism of H uanglian jiedu decoction (HJD)regulating macrophage polarization in order to explore its anti-inflammatory mechanism. METHODS :The active components and predicted targets of HJD were screened through TCMSP and Swiss Target Prediction database ;the related targets of macrophage polarization were obtained by GeneCards and OMIM database ,and the network diagram of active ingredient-macrophage polarization target of HJD was drawn by using Cytoscape 3.6.0 software;protein interaction network was constructed by String database and core targets were extracted. Gene ontology(GO)enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG)pathway enrichment analysis were carried out by using Cytoscape 3.6.0 software and DAVID website. Combined with the results of network pharmacology analysis , RAW264.7 macrophage cells were divided into blank control group ,model group ,simvastatin group (10 μmol/L)and serum containing HJD group (obtained from the blood after the rats were given HJD at the dose of 10 g/kg). Except the blank control group and model group were added culture medium , the other groups were added with 100 μ L of relevant drug solution or serum containing drug. After 2 h of culture ,except for the blank control group ,LPS solution (100 μg/L)was added to the other groups for 24 h to induce inflammation. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of AMPK. mRNA expression of M 1 type polarization factor (IL-1 β,iNOS)and M 2 type polarization factor (IL-10,Fizz1)were detected by RT-PCR. RESULTS :A total of 50 active components of HJD (such as acacetin ,wogonin,quercetin,β-sitosterol)were screened , which could regulate macrophage polarization through 12 GO items (such as anoikis ,astrocyte activation ),and 20 KEGG pathways(such as estrogen signaling pathway ,bladder cancer pathway ,AMPK signaling pathway ). The results of cell test showed that compared with blank control group ,the expression of AMPK protein ,Fizz1 and IL- 10 mRNA in model group were significantly decreased (P<0.01),while the expression of IL- 1β and iNOS mRNA were significantly increased(P<0.01); compared with model group ,the expression of AMPK protein ,Fizz1 and IL- 10 mRNA in serum containing HJD group and simvastatin group were significantly increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01),while the expression of IL- 1β and iNOS mRNA were significantly decreased (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :HJD can regulate macrophage polarization through multiple targets and pathways;it can up regulate the expression of M 2-type polarization factors and down-regulate the expression of M 1-type polarization factors through AMPK signaling pathway ,regulate macrophage polarization and play an anti-inflammatory role.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 442-449, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884732

ABSTRACT

Low back pain is becoming an important factor affecting people's quality of life, while the age of its onset is getting younger and younger, and the social and economic losses caused by low back pain are huge every year. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is an important cause of low back pain. Due to multiple factors, biomechanical and structural changes occur in intervertebral disc tissue, including rupture of annulus fibrosus, protrusion of nucleus pulposus, which cause compression of spinal cord and nerve root, and lower back pain. Micro-RNA (miRNA) is a kind of single-stranded non-coding small molecule RNA, with 18-24 nucleotides in length, which exists widely in eukaryotes. As one of the important regulatory molecules of gene expression, it has been proved to play a key role in the initiation and progression of many diseases, and it may also play an important role in intervertebral disc degeneration. At present, the clinical treatment for IDD is mainly surgical treatment to alleviate clinical symptoms. Even if surgical treatment can achieve good results, it will bring great physical trauma and economic burden to patients. The role of miRNA in IDD is one of the hotspots in the current academic research. Studies have shown that miRNA has abnormal expression patterns in degenerative intervertebral disc tissues and participates in a variety of pathological processes of IDD. At present, some miRNAs have been proved to be related to a variety of pathological processes in IDD, including nucleus pulposus cell apoptosis and proliferation, extracellular matrix degradation, autophagy, inflammation and cartilage endplate degeneration. The comparative study of gene chip showed that there were significant differences in the expression of some miRNAs between degenerative and normal nucleus pulposus cells. These differentially expressed miRNAs may be involved in the process of nucleus pulposus cell degeneration by regulating their respective upstream or downstream pathways. Most of the regulatory pathways are crossed and parallel, thus constructing a huge miRNA regulatory network. Understanding the target genes and mechanisms of miRNA in the pathogenic process can provide an important reference for the origin, development and prognosis of IDD. In this article, the important role of miRNA in IDD and the potential significance of clinical treatment are reviewed. With the in-depth study of miRNA and the molecular biological mechanism can provide new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of IDD, which is likely to become a new strategy for biological treatment of IDD.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879948

ABSTRACT

:To evaluate the impact of socioeconomic status,population mobility,prevention and control measures on the early-stage coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) development in major cities of China. : The rate of daily new confirmed COVID-19 cases in the 51 cities with the largest number of cumulative confirmed cases as of February 19,2020 (except those in Hubei province) were collected and analyzed using the time series cluster analysis. It was then assessed according to three aspects,that is, socioeconomic status,population mobility,and control measures for the pandemic. : According to the analysis on the 51 cities,4 development patterns of COVID-19 were obtained,including a high-incidence pattern (in Xinyu),a late high-incidence pattern (in Ganzi),a moderate incidence pattern (in Wenzhou and other 12 cities),and a low and stable incidence pattern (in Hangzhou and other 35 cities). Cities with different types and within the same type both had different scores on the three aspects. : There were relatively large difference on the COVID-19 development among different cities in China,possibly affected by socioeconomic status,population mobility and prevention and control measures that were taken. Therefore,a timely public health emergency response and travel restriction measures inside the city can interfere the development of the pandemic. Population flow from high risk area can largely affect the number of cumulative confirmed cases.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China/epidemiology , Cities , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Social Class
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832076

ABSTRACT

Psychiatric symptoms are common after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and some patients have poor drug therapeutic efficacy. We report a successfully treated case of psychiatric symptoms after TBI using deep brain stimulation (DBS) to the anterior limb of internal capsule (ALIC)-nucleus accumbens (NAc) in a 76-year-old woman. The patient suffered from auditory hallucination, mood changes, and insomnia caused by TBI. Psychological test assessment showed the scores of Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Hamilton Depression Scale and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale were 30, 35, and 96 respectively. Head magnetic resonance imaging scan showed right temporal lobe encephalomalacia. Head magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) showed bilateral basal ganglia choline increased relatively. After DBS to the ALIC-NAc, the target parameters were adjusted. The psychiatric symptoms were completely improved and the result of head MRS was normal in the end. The current report declares that DBS is reversible, adjustable and safe in the treatment of psychiatric symptoms caused by TBI. DBS to the ALIC-NAc should be considered as a possible treatment choice once a patient showed psychiatric symptoms after TBI.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863815

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of KCa3.1 activating NLRP3 inflammasome in paraquat PQ treated-alveolar epithelial cells.Methods:The A549 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into the control group, TRAM-34 (specific inhibitor of KCa3.1) group, PQ group and PQ+TRAM-34 group. The expression of KCa3.1 was detected by immunofluorescence in A549 cells. Western blot was used to detect the level of the proteins related with the NLRP3 infammasome and NEK7 protein. And the level of cell potassium was detected by cell potassium concentration kit.Results:The level of KCa3.1 was significantly increased in A549 cells after PQ treatment by immunofluorescence. The expressions of NLRP3 infammasome-related proteins (NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1) and NEK7 protein were increased after PQ treatment, and the expressions of NLRP3 infammasome-related proteins and NEK7 protein were decreased after inhibition of KCa3.1, and the difference was statistically significant [NLRP3/β-actin (control group vs TRAM-34 group vs PQ group vs PQ+TRAM-34 group): [ (0.02±0.00) vs (0.03±0.00) vs (0.74±0.00) vs (0.32±0.01) , ASC/β-actin (control group vs TRAM-34 group vs PQ group vs PQ+TRAM-34 group): [ (0.12±0.01) vs (0.11±0.03) vs (0.46±0.02) vs (0.17±0.03) ];Caspase-1/ β-actin (control group vs TRAM-34 group vs PQ group vs PQ+TRAM-34 group): [ (0.05±0.00) vs (0.04±0.00) vs (0.34±0.03) vs (0.15±0.01) ]; NEK7/ β-actin (control group vs PQ group vs PQ+TRAM-34 group);[ (0.38±0.03) vs (0.83±0.02) vs (0.51±0.01) , P<0.01]. The potassium level was decreased after PQ treatment and the degree could be declined by the KCa3.1 inhibitor by colorimetric detection with statistically significant difference (control group vs PQ group vs PQ+TRAM-34 group:[ (1.00±0.00) vs (0.60±0.05) vs (0.86±0.02) , P<0.01]. Conclusions:The KCa3.1 could promote the outflow of intracellular potassium and up-regulate the expression of NEK7, thereby activate the NLRP3 inflammatory in PQ-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871398

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the reasons of the proximal migration of pancreatic stents and the endoscopic management.Methods:From April 2007 to January 2015, of all 967 patients with biliopancreatic diseases implanted with pancreatic duct plastic stents at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, proximal migration occurred in 10 cases. Migrated rates and endoscopic retrieval methods of pancreatic straight stents and single pigtail stents were compared.Results:Pancreatic straight stents showed a higher migration rate than those single pigtail ones [3.23% (7/217) VS 0.40% (3/750)]. For 3 migrated single pigtail pancreatic stents: 2 were directly removed with biopsy forceps. Another failed in retrieval, and the same stent then was implanted. There was no discomfort after the operation. For 7 migrated pancreatic straight stents: 2 were pulled out of duodenum papilla incision under wire-guided balloon and basket. Five others were pulled out of papilla under wire-guided balloon, and then the stents were removed by a snare.Conclusion:Pancreatic straight stents are more likely to migrate compared with single pigtail stents. Migrated pancreatic straight stents can be removed with wire-guided balloon or basket and snare, while migrated single pigtail stents can be directly retrieved with biopsy forceps.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 734-742, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869016

ABSTRACT

Objective:Resorption can occur after lumbar disc herniation, and Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is considered to be a key factor mediating reabsorption. Studies have found that under the action of inflammatory factors like TNF-α, IL-6, etc,the expression of TSLP in intervertebral disc tissue was increased, and then mononuclear macrophage chemokine-1 (MCP-1) was induced to induce infiltration of macrophage to promote reabsorption. To determine the mechanism, we design the experiment to explore the mechanism of IL-6-mediated JAK/STAT pathway and TGF-β/Smad pathway to promote the reabsorption of intervertebral disc by regulating the expression of TSLP.Methods:Rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and rat nucleus pulposus cells (NPC) were cultured in vitro, treating the cells withrat IL-6 recombinant protein, STAT3inhibitor and Smad2/3 inhibitorrespectively, and use real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) technology to detect the expression of JAK1, STAT3, Smad2, TSLP mRNA under different conditions; Western blot to detect the expression of TSLP, Smad2 and phosphate STAT3 protein; using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa) to detect the expression of TGF-β in two rat cells under the treatment of IL-6.Results:After stimulation ofIL-6 (10 ng/ml or 100 ng/ml) the expression of JAK1in MSC (10 ng/ml: 5.13±1.21; 100 ng/ml: 5.23±0.35; control group: 0.97±0.03), STAT3 (10 ng/ml: 6.50±0.38; 100 ng/ml: 6.74±0.61; control group: 0.87±0.19) was significantly increased, and TSLP also showed high expression in MSC (10 ng/ml: 4.26±0.38; 100 ng/ml: 5.05±0.46; control group: 1.04±0.04).The expression of STAT3 (10 ng/ml: 2.91±0.08; control group: 1.12±0.11), TSLP (10 ng/ml: 7.32±0.37; control group: 1.03±0.03) in NPC also increased. After stimulation of IL-6, the expression of Smad2 increasing in MSC was observed (10 ng/ml: 15.92±0.62; 100 ng/ml: 20.28±0.58; control group: 0.96±0.08), and increased expression of Smad2 in NPC (10 ng/ml: 5.01±0.17; control group: 0.96±0.03). The expression of TSLP in MSC decreased after adding STAT3 inhibitor (BP group, BP group: 0.17±0.01; control group: 0.90±0.09), the expression of TSLP also decreased in NPC (BP group: 0.42±0.11; control group: 0.90±0.11). After adding Smad2/3 inhibitor (SB group), the expression of TSLP in MSC decreased (SB group: 0.33±0.01; control group: 1.02±0.02), and the expression of TSLP in NPC also decreased (SB group: 0.40±0.04; control group: 0.99±0.01).Conclusion:IL-6 up-regulates TSLP expression via the JAK1/STAT3 signaling pathway and promotes prominent intervertebral disc reabsorption. At the same time, IL-6 can activate the TGF-β/Smad2/3 pathway and up-regulate the expression of TSLP, which play a synergistic role in the reabsorption process.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 597-606, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869004

ABSTRACT

Low back pain is becoming an important factor that affects people's quality of life today, and the social losses caused by lowback pain are hugeevery year. Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is one of the main diseases that cause low back pain. The mechanism of lumbar disc herniation in the biomedical science is still controversial. Inflammatory factor is a cytokine secreted by tissue cells and involved in mediating the inflammatory response. Studies have shown that some factors stimulated by the extrusive nucleus pulposus, like inflammatory factors, degeneration-related genes and downstream expression products, can cause the degeneration of intervertebral disc. IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, MMPs, and TGF-β have become the hot topicin disc degeneration. Signaling pathway is the main pathway for inflammatory factors to participate in the regulation of various biochemical reactions in cells. The inflammatory factors interact with different proteins to activate or inhibit different pathways, thereby achieving regulation of the cell cycle, regulates gene expression, induces immune inflammatory response, and apoptosis. Research on the role of various inflammatory factors in the body and related molecular signaling pathways will help us understand the mechanism of LDH. Most of the experimental studies only focus on the influence of a certain cytokine or single pathway on intervertebral disc degeneration, but different inflammatory factors and their signaling pathways often crosstalk with each other through special channels, forming a complex and precise signal transduction regulation network jointly regulates various physiological or pathological processes in the body, and the occurrence of disease is often accompanied by multiple factors. Studying the effect of a single signal network on the disease cannot fully explain the cause of the disease and related clinical manifestations. Therefore, clarifying the role of various inflammatory factors in IDD and exploring and analyzing the ways in which each factor regulates each other will provide ideas for understanding the mechanism of lumbar degeneration and exploring new methods for preventing and treating LDH in the future.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880700

ABSTRACT

Nanofibers can mimic natural tissue structure by creating a more suitable environment for cells to grow, prompting a wide application of nanofiber materials. In this review, we include relevant studies and characterize the effect of nanofibers on mesenchymal stem cells, as well as factors that affect cell adhesion and osteogenic differentiation. We hypothesize that the process of bone regeneration in vitro is similar to bone formation and healing in vivo, and the closer nanofibers or nanofibrous scaffolds are to natural bone tissue, the better the bone regeneration process will be. In general, cells cultured on nanofibers have a similar gene expression pattern and osteogenic behavior as cells induced by osteogenic supplements in vitro. Genes involved in cell adhesion (focal adhesion kinase (FAK)), cytoskeletal organization, and osteogenic pathways (transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)/bone morphogenic protein (BMP), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and Wnt) are upregulated successively. Cell adhesion and osteogenesis may be influenced by several factors. Nanofibers possess certain physical properties including favorable hydrophilicity, porosity, and swelling properties that promote cell adhesion and growth. Moreover, nanofiber stiffness plays a vital role in cell fate, as cell recruitment for osteogenesis tends to be better on stiffer scaffolds, with associated signaling pathways of integrin and Yes-associated protein (YAP)/transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ). Also, hierarchically aligned nanofibers, as well as their combination with functional additives (growth factors, HA particles, etc.), contribute to osteogenesis and bone regeneration. In summary, previous studies have indicated that upon sensing the stiffness of the nanofibrous environment as well as its other characteristics, stem cells change their shape and tension accordingly, regulating downstream pathways followed by adhesion to nanofibers to contribute to osteogenesis. However, additional experiments are needed to identify major signaling pathways in the bone regeneration process, and also to fully investigate its supportive role in fabricating or designing the optimum tissue-mimicking nanofibrous scaffolds.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827238

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the application of modified traction therapy in traumatic atlantoaxial subluxation in adults.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 patients with atlantoaxial subluxation treated from March 2018 to June 2019 were restropectively analyzed. There were 15 males and 16 females, aged from 18 to 68 years old with an average of 39 years old, including 10 cases of 18-40 years, 15 cases of 41-60 years, 6 cases of 51-68 years. The main manifestations of the patients were limited neck movement, pain, and atlantoaxial CT scan showed different degrees of atlantoaxial subluxation. Three dimensional multifunctional traction bed was used for traction for 2 min, relaxation for 10 s. The traction angle starts from the rearward extension of 5°-10° and weight from 3-6 kg. The weight increased by 1 kg every two days until the symptoms were improved. Traction time was 30 min twice a day and 10 days for a course of treatment. One course of treatment was performed in patients with 1-2 mm left and right equal width of atlantoaxial space, and two courses of treatment were performed in patients with 3-4 mm left and right equal width of atlantoaxial space, and the course of treatment could be increased to 3 months in especially patients with serious problems, such as 4 mm left and right equal width of atlantoaxial space and no improvement after conventional treatment. The criteria to evaluate the clinical effect was cure:no pain in the neck, normal range of neck movement, CT showed normal atlantoaxial space and odontoid process was in the middle, patients with normal neck movement were followed up 1 month after the end of treatment;improvement:neck pain was significantly improved and CT showed that the left and right atlantoaxial space was less than 1 mm in equal width.@*RESULTS@#Among the 31 patients, 17 cases were cured by one course of treatment, 11 cases were cured by 2 courses of treatment, and 2 caseswere improved.@*CONCLUSION@#The modified traction therapy has obvious effect on adult traumatic atlantoaxial subluxation, especially the subluxation of 3-4 mm equal width in left and right atlantoaxial space, and this method is safe and reliable with good efficacy and the patients without discomfort.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Atlanto-Axial Joint , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Male , Middle Aged , Odontoid Process , Spinal Fusion , Traction , Young Adult
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1363-1366, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the appropriate procedures for preparing extracellular microvesicles (MV) derived from human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC).@*METHODS@#Human MSCs from umbilical cords were cultured in a serum-free medium and maintained in a basal medium for 72 hours after the cell confluence reached to 80%. The supernatants of cultured cells were collected and MVs were enriched. MVs were identified by flow cytometry and electron microscopy. The total protein amount in MVs was used as a parameter for the content of MVs. The supernatants were adjusted to different pH values, and the output of MVs was detected. The supernatants were also collected for enriching the MV and detecting the protein content of MV after the cells were maintained in the basic medium for different time.@*RESULTS@#Flow cytometric analysis showed that the MVs expressed CD9, CD63 and CD81, morphologically presented round under an electron microscope and the diameter of MV was around 100 nm. After enrichment of MV, the protein content of MVs in the supernatants was 416.8±128.1, 255.4±77.9 and 142.8±46.4 μg per 10 MSC,respectively at pH of supernatant 3, 7 and 9 (P<0.05). The protein content of the supernatants per 10 MSC was 173.6±44.5, 262.4±49.6 and 364.2±37.8 μg respectively after starvation culture for 48, 72 and 96 hrs (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MVs can be readily collected after MSCs were starved for 96 hours, and the pH of the supernatants is adjusted at 3.0.


Subject(s)
Cell-Derived Microparticles , Cells, Cultured , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Umbilical Cord
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866764

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecule mechanism of nuclear translocation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in influenza A (H1N1) virus infected-alveolar epithelial cells.Methods:Human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cells (A549 cells) were cultured in vitro, and cells in logarithmic growth phase were selected for experiments. ① Experiment 1: the A549 cell model with H1N1 virus infection was established by using H1N1 virus infected cells with multiplicity of infection (MOI) 1.0 for 24 hours (H1N1 virus infection group), and the blank control group was set up. Importin 4 and Importin 7 protein expressions were detected by Western Blot to investigate whether HIF-1α nuclear translocation depended on Importin 4 or Importin 7. ② Experiment 2: the A549 cells were infected with H1N1 virus under different MOI (0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0) for 24 hours. Then the A549 cells were infected with H1N1 virus (MOI 1.0) for different time (0, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 36 hours). The septin 9 isoform 1 (SEPT9_i1) mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to investigate the effect of different MOI and infection time on the expression of SEPT9_i1. ③ Experiment 3: a cell model with SEPT9_i1 silencing was established by transfection of small interfering RNA (siRNA) for 24 hours (siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group), and the blank control group and blank vector control group (siControl group) were set up. Then the cells in the three groups were infected with H1N1 virus (MOI 1.0) for 24 hours after 24-hour transfection, and the SEPT9_i1 mRNA expression was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR to investigate the interference efficiency of siRNA-SEPT9_i1. ④ Experiment 4: the cells were divided into siControl group and siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group. The transfection methods of two groups was as the same as experiment 3, and then the cells were infected with H1N1 virus (MOI 1.0) after 24-hour transfection. The distribution of HIF-1α was detected by immunofluorescence at 24 hours after infection. The M gene expression of virus was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR at 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 hours after infection. The effects of SEPT9_i1 on HIF-1α translocation and virus replication were explored. ⑤ Experiment 5: the cells were divided into blank control group (complete medium), SP600125 group [100 μmol/L c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway inhibitor SP600125 for 2 hours], H1N1 virus infection group (H1N1 virus of MOI 1.0 for 24 hours), H1N1 virus+SP600125 group (pretreated with 100 μmol/L SP600125 for 2 hours before 24-hour H1N1 virus infection). Real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR was used to detect the expressions of SEPT_i1 mRNA and viral M gene to investigate the effect of JNK signaling pathway on SEPT9_i1 expression and virus replication. Results:① Experiment 1: compared with the blank control group, the protein expressions of Importin 4 and Importin 7 in the H1N1 virus infection group had no significant changes [Importin 4 protein (Importin 4/GAPDH): 1.08±0.03 vs. 1.05±0.03, Importin 7 protein (Importin 7/GAPDH): 0.87±0.11 vs. 0.78±0.03, both P > 0.05]. These indicated that the HIF-1α nuclear translocation in A549 cells might not be independent of Importin 4 and Importin 7 during H1N1 virus infection. ② Experiment 2: the SEPT9_i1 mRNA expression in A549 cells was increased with the increase in MOI and infection time of H1N1 virus, and peaked at MOI 2.0 or 18 hours after infection, and the differences were statistically significant as compared with MOI 0 or 0 hour after infection (2 -ΔΔCT: 1.39±0.05 vs. 1.00±0.00 at MOI 2.0, 1.47±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.00 at 18 hours, both P < 0.01). This indicated that the SEPT9_i1 expression in A549 cells was related to the MOI and the infection time during H1N1 virus infection. ③ Experiment 3: compared with the blank control group, the SEPT9_i1 mRNA expression in A549 cells was significantly decreased in the siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group (2 -ΔΔCT: 0.38±0.11 vs. 1.00±0.00, P < 0.01), and there was no significant difference between the siControl group and blank control group (2 -ΔΔCT: 1.03±0.16 vs. 1.00±0.00, P > 0.05). This indicated that SEPT9_i1 silence could inhibit the expression of SEPT9_i1 mRNA in H1N1 virus-infected A549 cells. ④ Experiment 4: HIF-1α nuclear translocation in the H1N1 virus-infected A549 cells in the siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group was significantly reduced as compared with the siControl group. The virus M gene expression after H1N1 virus infection in the siControl group was gradually increased, and peaked at 48 hours. The expression of virus M gene in A549 cells in the siRNA-SEPT9_i1 group was significantly down-regulated, and showed a statistically significant difference at 48 hours as compared with the siControl group (2 -ΔΔCT: 3.47±0.66 vs. 8.17±0.38, P < 0.05). This indicated that HIF-1α nuclear translocation and virus replication in H1N1 virus-infected A549 cells were inhibited after silencing SEPT9_i1. ⑤ Experiment 5: the expressions of SEPT9_i1 mRNA and virus M gene in A549 cells in the H1N1 virus infection group were significantly higher than those in the blank control group. However, the expressions of SEPT9_i1 mRNA and viral M gene in A549 cells in the H1N1 virus+SP600125 group were significantly lower than those in the H1N1 virus infection group (2 -ΔΔCT: SEPT9_i1 mRNA was 0.12±0.10 vs. 1.53±0.14, viral M gene was 2.13±0.10 vs. 4.66±0.14, both P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in above indicators between the SP600125 group and the blank control group. This indicated that the JNK signaling pathway could regulate the expression of SEPT9_i1 in A549 cells during H1N1 virus infection, and the JNK signaling pathway inhibition could down-regulate the expression of SEPT9_i1 and inhibit virus replication. Conclusion:The H1N1 virus regulates the expression of SEPT9_i1 by activating the JNK signaling pathway, thus increase HIF-1α transport efficiency and H1N1 replication.

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