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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 226-233, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966901

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Efficacy of proton pump inhibitors is limited in patients with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate the efficacy and safety of esomeprazole with sodium bicarbonate and esomeprazole alone. @*Methods@#This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, noninferiority comparative study. A total of 379 patients with NERD were randomly allocated to receive either EsoduoⓇ/sup> (esomeprazole 20 mg with sodium bicarbonate 800 mg) or NexiumⓇ/sup> (esomeprazole 20 mg) once daily for 4 weeks from January 2019 to December 2019. The patients had a history of heartburn for at least 2 days in the week before randomization as well as in the last 3 months and no esophageal mucosal breaks on endoscopy. The primary endpoint was a complete cure of heartburn at week 4. The secondary and exploratory endpoints as well as the safety profiles were compared in the groups at weeks 2 and 4. @*Results@#A total of 355 patients completed the study (180 in the EsoduoⓇ/sup> group and 175 in the NexiumⓇ/sup> group). The proportions of patients without heartburn in the entire 4th week of treatment were not different between the two groups (33.33% in the EsoduoⓇ/sup> group and 35% in the NexiumⓇ/sup> group, p=0.737). There were no significant differences in most of the secondary and exploratory endpoints as well as the safety profiles. @*Conclusions@#EsoduoⓇ/sup> is as effective and safe as NexiumⓇ/sup> for managing typical symptoms in patients with NERD (ClinicalTrial.gov identifier: NCT03928470).

2.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 162-167, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-119488

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The incidence of symptomatic hepatitis A reportedly increased among 20- to 40-year-old Korean during the late 2000s. Vaccination against hepatitis A was commenced in the late 1990s and was extended to children aged <10 years. In the present study we analyzed the changes in the seroprevalence of IgG anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) over the past 13 years. METHODS: Overall, 4903 subjects who visited our hospital between January 2001 and December 2013 were studied. The seroprevalence of IgG anti-HAV was analyzed according to age and sex. In addition, the seroprevalence of IgG anti-HAV was compared among 12 age groups and among the following time periods: early 2000s (2001-2003), mid-to-late 2000s (2006-2008), and early 2010s (2011-2013). The chi-square test for trend was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The seroprevalence of IgG anti-HAV did not differ significantly between the sexes. Furthermore, compared to the seroprevalence of IgG anti-HAV in the early 2000s and mid-to-late 2000s, that in the early 2010s was markedly increased among individuals aged 1-14 years and decreased among those aged 25-44 years (P<0.01). We also found that the seroprevalence of IgG anti-HAV in individuals aged 25-44 years in the early 2010s was lower than that in the early 2000s and mid-to-late 2000s. CONCLUSIONS: The number of symptomatic HAV infection cases in Korea is decreasing, but the seroprevalence of IgG anti-HAV is low in the active population.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Age Factors , Hepatitis A/diagnosis , Hepatitis A Antibodies/analysis , Hepatitis A virus/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Republic of Korea , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Sex Factors
3.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 193-196, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213740

ABSTRACT

Xanthogranulomatous inflammation (XGI) is a rare benign inflammatory disease characterized by aggregation of lipid-laden foamy macrophages. This disease entity has been described in various organs but most commonly in the kidney and gallbladder. The occurrence of this disease in the lower gastrointestinal tract is extremely rare. Its clinical importance is that it can be misdiagnosed as an infiltrative cancer. In this case report, a 52-year-old male complained of right lower quadrant abdominal pain for a period of 3 months. Abdominal computed tomography revealed appendiceal mass and colonoscopy revealed multiple erythematous nodular lesions in the terminal ileum and appendiceal orifice, mimicking appendiceal cancer. Right hemicolectomy was done and the pathological specimen revealed XGI of the terminal ileum. To our knowledge, this is the first case of XGI in terminal ileum presenting as abdominal pain and the appendiceal mass on radiologic findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Abdominal Pain , Appendiceal Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Gallbladder , Ileum , Inflammation , Kidney , Lower Gastrointestinal Tract , Macrophages
4.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 55-58, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46502

ABSTRACT

The metastatic calcification is defined as the deposition of calcium salt in normal tissue with an abnormal serum biochemical environment, such as chronic kidney disease, hyperparathyroidism, and hypercalcemia related with malignancy. Although the metastatic calcification can develop in any organs and tissues, presenting its symptoms and complications are rare. Thus a few cases have been reported. This case shows the metastatic calcification of the small intestine without any peritoneal and mesenteric vascular calcification which was early diagnosed by computed tomography and mesenteric angiography in a patient with abdominal pain, receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis due to end stage renal disease. The clinician should early consider the metastatic calcification as differential diagnosis when unidentified calcifications are noted in simple abdominal X-ray such as in the present case, and promptly confirm it by using appropriate diagnostic tests in order to prevent its complications and progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Calcinosis/diagnosis , Calcitriol/therapeutic use , Calcium/blood , Calcium Carbonate/therapeutic use , Calcium Channel Agonists/therapeutic use , Intestine, Small/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Mesenteric Artery, Superior/diagnostic imaging , Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 225-228, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101274

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) may be reactivated after chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy, and therefore administration of antiviral agents before such treatment is recommended. Most reported cases of reactivation are associated with high doses of immunosuppressive agents or combination therapy. We present a case of a previously inactive HBV carrier with an acute severe flare-up during a long-term, very-low-dose (2.5 mg/day) steroid treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. We suggest that even a minimal dose of single-regimen oral steroid can cause reactivation of indolent, inactive HBV.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , DNA, Viral/analysis , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/blood , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Steroids/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Virus Activation
6.
Intestinal Research ; : 397-399, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-154827

ABSTRACT

Hypercalcemia is a common electrolyte imbalance in patients with malignancy. Approximately 80% of hypercalcemia is associated with humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy (HHM), but occurs rarely in colorectal carcinomas. A 72-year-old man was admitted with abdominal pain and bowel habit change. Colonoscopy showed a malignant tumor in the transverse colon. Laboratory data showed an elevated serum calcium level (11.6 mg/dL) and elevated parathyroid hormone-related peptide level (12.2 pmol/L). Histology showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. We infused intravenous normal saline, furosemide and pamidronate. The serum calcium level was subsequently normalized. However, the patient died from cancer progression 10 days later. With a review of the relevant literature, we report a case of adenocarcinoma of the transverse colon with HHM.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Adenocarcinoma , Calcium , Colon, Transverse , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diphosphonates , Furosemide , Hypercalcemia , Paraneoplastic Syndromes , Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance
7.
Intestinal Research ; : 210-214, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-154697

ABSTRACT

A chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a rare disorder and a severe digestive syndrome. It is characterized by deranged gut propulsive motility that resembles a mechanical obstruction, but no obstructive process is present. An intestinal pseudo-obstruction may be classified as acute or chronic; the chronic form may also be classified as idiopathic or secondary to a variety of diseases. Treatment of intestinal pseudo-obstruction involves nutritional, pharmacological, and surgical therapies. Surgery should be limited to patients who are refractory to medical therapy and show a deteriorating course. Despite available medical and surgical interventions, the outcome remains poor. Here, we describe a case of a 54-year-old female with chronic constipation and abdominal distension, who was subsequently found to have segmental aganglionosis. The patient was treated with a subtotal colectomy and ileosigmoidostomy without sequelae.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Colectomy , Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction , Constipation , Fluconazole , Hirschsprung Disease , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction
8.
Intestinal Research ; : 162-165, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39123

ABSTRACT

Although bleeding is a major complication of oral anticoagulant therapy, warfarin-induced spontaneous intramural hematoma of the small bowel is a very rare complication. The clinical features of spontaneous intramural hematoma vary from mild abdominal pain to panperitonitis due to bowel perforation. Because spontaneous intramural hematoma can proceed to a life threatening situation, early diagnosis is of vital importance. Although there are a number of radiologic diagnostic tools available including abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography, confirmation of the diagnosis through direct visualization of the involved bowel mucosa is very helpful. Direct confirmation of warfarin-induced spontaneous intramural hematoma of the small bowel is possible using double-balloon enteroscopy. We report a case of warfarin-induced spontaneous intramural hematoma with a review of the relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Double-Balloon Enteroscopy , Early Diagnosis , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Mucous Membrane
9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 180-183, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35466

ABSTRACT

Intravariceal injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate is widely used for the hemostasis of bleeding gastric varices, but not routinely for esophageal variceal hemorrhage because of various complications such as pyrexia, bacteremia, deep ulceration, and pulmonary embolization. We report a rare case of esophageal sinus formation after cyanoacrylate obliteration therapy for uncontrolled bleeding from post-endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) ulcer. A 50-year-old man with alcoholic liver cirrhosis presented with hematemesis. Emergent esophagogastroscopy revealed bleeding from large esophageal varices with ruptured erosion, and bleeding was initially controlled by EVL, but rebleeding from the post-EVL ulcer occurred at 17th day later. Although we tried again EVL and the injections of 5% ethanolamine oleate at paraesophageal varices, bleeding was not controlled. Therefore, we administered 1 mL cyanoacrylate diluted with lipiodol and bleeding was controlled. Three months after the endoscopic therapy, follow-up endoscopy showed medium to large-sized esophageal varices and sinus at lower esophagus. Barium esophagography revealed an outpouching in esophageal wall and endoscopic ultrasonography demonstrated an ostium with sinus. It is noteworthy that esophageal sinus can be developed as a rare late complication of endoscopic cyanoacrylate obliteration therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cyanoacrylates/administration & dosage , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Esophagus/diagnostic imaging , Ethiodized Oil/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery , Ligation , Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic/complications , Tissue Adhesives/administration & dosage , Ulcer/complications
10.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 115-119, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11778

ABSTRACT

The simultaneous occurrence of primary gastric lymphoma and adenocarcinoma is rarely reported. We here report a case of synchronous double primary tumor of advanced gastric cancer and diffuse large B cell lymphoma. A 65-year-old woman underwent an esophagogastroduodenoscopy for the evaluation of abdominal discomfort of two months' duration. The endoscopic examination showed an ulcerating tumor in the gastric antrum and thickened folds in the fundus and the microscopic examination revealed an adenocarcinoma in the antrum and a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the fundus. She has had total gastrectomy and CHOP chemotherapy with rituximab. Since the cases of synchronous double primary gastric tumors have been increased on the recent medical advances, when a gastric tumor is detected for the endoscopic examination, an endoscopist has to make every endeavor not to miss another tumor in the stomach.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Gastrectomy , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vincristine/therapeutic use
11.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 120-124, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11777

ABSTRACT

A gastric carcinoma with the endoscopic features resembling a submucosal tumor (SMT) is rare, and reportedly accounting for 0.1% to 0.63% of all resected gastric carcinomas in Japan. A diagnosis of a SMT-like gastric carcinoma is often difficult as the tumors are almost entirely covered with normal mucosa. Furthermore mucinous gastric adenocarcinoma is uncommon histologic subtype of gastric cancer. These tumors are detected mostly in an advanced stage and rarely in an early stage. Early mucinous gastric adenocarcinoma is characterized as an elevated lesion resembling SMT due to abundant mucin pools in the submucosa. Here we report one case of SMT-like mucinous gastric adenocarcinoma, diagnosed by the usual endoscopic biopsy and treated with surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastroscopy , Stomach Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Intestinal Research ; : 139-143, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202611

ABSTRACT

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is occasionally a normal inhabitant of the gastrointestinal tract, and rarely considered a cause of enterocolitis. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcal enterocolitis may cause persistent diarrhea leading to severe complications and even death, without appropriate treatment. Lymphocytic colitis (LC), a subtype of microscopic colitis, is a relatively common cause of chronic watery diarrhea. We report the case of a 73-year-old woman with profuse watery diarrhea caused by methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Soon after treatment of her enterocolitis with vancomycin the patient's general condition and symptoms improved, although the diarrhea persisted. Through colonoscopic biopsy and immunohistochemical staining, overt LC was diagnosed, and prompt therapy with budesonide was initiated.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Biopsy , Budesonide , Colitis, Lymphocytic , Colitis, Microscopic , Diarrhea , Enterocolitis , Gastrointestinal Tract , Methicillin Resistance , Staphylococcus aureus , Vancomycin
13.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 266-269, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213920

ABSTRACT

It is well known that the reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) may occur as an acute hepatitis after chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy. Although most of these cases have been reported in HBsAg-positive patients, there have been a few reports of HBV reactivation in HBsAg-negative patients. There have been concerns for the need to screen the reactivation as well as anti-viral prophylaxis in HBsAg-negative patients with possible HBV occult infection who are planning to undergo chemotherapy or immunosuppressive therapy. Rituximab, an anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody, is effective in the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, rituximab can affect the immunity against HBV, consequently increasing viral replication. In fact, there have been reports of HBV reactivation after treatment with rituximab. Here, we report a case of HBV reactivation following rituximab plus systemic chemotherapy in diffuse large B cell lymphoma patient who was HBsAg negative, anti-HBs positive, and anti-HBc positive, ultimately leading to treatment-unresponsive fulminant hepatic failure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/analysis , Guanine , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Hepatitis B virus , Liver Failure, Acute/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Recurrence
14.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 189-193, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118141

ABSTRACT

Segmental colitis associated with diverticular disease (SCAD) is a colonic inflammatory disorder with localized non-granulomatous inflammation at sigmoid colon, and associated with colonic diverticulosis. SCAD is an apparently uncommon disorder in Western. We experienced a rare case of SCAD in a 46-year-old woman who visited the hospital due to abdominal discomfort. Colonoscopic examination showed multiple sigmoid diverticula in association with a segment length colitis. Colonoscopic biopsies of the sigmoid colon demonstrated cryptitis and crypt abscess along with chronic inflammatory cells infiltration. The biopsies of the rectum was histologically normal. The patient was given the diagnosis of SCAD and treated with oral mesalamine. This is the first case of SCAD reported in Korea.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/therapeutic use , Colitis/complications , Colon, Sigmoid/pathology , Colonoscopy , Diverticulitis, Colonic/complications , Mesalamine/therapeutic use
15.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 198-202, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118139

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is common in developing countries, including Korea. It can be accompanied by extrahepatic complications such as renal failure, arthritis, and vasculitis. Pleural effusion is a very rare complication of HAV infection, which has been reported usually in children, and has benign clinical courses. Here we report a case of pleural effusion with ascites which occurred in an adult hepatitis A patient. A 26-year-old-woman presented generalized myalgia and fever and was diagnosed as acute hepatitis A. Despite of the improvement of laboratory findings, fever and cough persisted. Pleural effusion newly appeared on the serial chest radiologic images. After the fever settled down, the pleural effusion resolved spontaneously at 13th day of admission.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Acute Disease , Hepatitis A/complications , Pleural Effusion/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 172-175, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84444

ABSTRACT

Intestinal intussusception in adults is a rare disease. Most of the cases of adult intussusception are secondary to a definable lesion, and so surgical treatment generally needed. Intussusception that occurs after colonoscopic polypectomy is apparently a rare malady. A 77-year old man undergoing colonoscopic polypectomy was diagnosed as having colonic intussusception at the hepatic flexure. As there was no clinical improvement with conservative treatment, he underwent segmental resection of the ascending and transverse colon. Pathologic examination revealed that the colonoscopic polypectomy site was a leading point of the intussusception.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Colon , Colon, Transverse , Colonoscopy , Intussusception , Rare Diseases
17.
Intestinal Research ; : 100-104, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132462

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) frequently follows bacterial enterocolitis, and there are various reported incidences and clinical courses according to different pathogens. However, there have rarely been any reports regarding the PI-IBS caused by Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidence and the risk factors for developing IBS following CDI. METHODS: We recruited 86 patients with CDI from January 2005 to October 2007 and also we recruited a comparative control group of 86 patients who had no previous history of any gastroenterological disease. The bowel symptoms were prospectively evaluated by phone through a set questionnaire. RESULTS: Of all the CDI patients, a total of 41 patients (47.6%) completed the questionnaires, and IBS developed in 8 patients (19.5%), of which 7 patients (87.5%) were the diarrhea type. A total of 51 patients (59.3%) from the control group completed the questionnaires, of which 4 patients (7.8%) developed IBS. Although there was no statistically significant difference (p=0.099), there was a tendency towards a higher incidence of developing IBS in the CDI patients group, as compared to that of the control group. Comparing the group that developed IBS with the group that didn't among the CDI patients, there were no significantly different factors except for a previous admission history before CDI. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of PI-IBS after CDI was 19.5%, and the IBS was predominantly the diarrhea-type. In the future, a large scale study needs to be conducted in order to evaluate the PI-IBS incidence after CDI and the risk factors that predispose patients to such conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clostridium , Clostridioides difficile , Diarrhea , Enterocolitis , Incidence , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Intestinal Research ; : 100-104, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132459

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS) frequently follows bacterial enterocolitis, and there are various reported incidences and clinical courses according to different pathogens. However, there have rarely been any reports regarding the PI-IBS caused by Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). The aims of this study were to evaluate the incidence and the risk factors for developing IBS following CDI. METHODS: We recruited 86 patients with CDI from January 2005 to October 2007 and also we recruited a comparative control group of 86 patients who had no previous history of any gastroenterological disease. The bowel symptoms were prospectively evaluated by phone through a set questionnaire. RESULTS: Of all the CDI patients, a total of 41 patients (47.6%) completed the questionnaires, and IBS developed in 8 patients (19.5%), of which 7 patients (87.5%) were the diarrhea type. A total of 51 patients (59.3%) from the control group completed the questionnaires, of which 4 patients (7.8%) developed IBS. Although there was no statistically significant difference (p=0.099), there was a tendency towards a higher incidence of developing IBS in the CDI patients group, as compared to that of the control group. Comparing the group that developed IBS with the group that didn't among the CDI patients, there were no significantly different factors except for a previous admission history before CDI. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of PI-IBS after CDI was 19.5%, and the IBS was predominantly the diarrhea-type. In the future, a large scale study needs to be conducted in order to evaluate the PI-IBS incidence after CDI and the risk factors that predispose patients to such conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clostridium , Clostridioides difficile , Diarrhea , Enterocolitis , Incidence , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 266-270, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60572

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The optimal timing for interventional endoscopy in bleeding peptic ulcer disease is controversial. This study compared the outcomes between early endoscopy and delayed endoscopy in patients with bleeding peptic ulcer disease. METHODS: We conducted a prospective analysis of data from 90 patients with bleeding peptic ulcer disease who visited the emergency room between May 2006 and September 2007. Patients were categorized into two groups: the early-endoscopy group (admitted during the daytime or at night with prompt endoscopic management) and the delayed-endoscopy group (admitted at night or during weekends, with endoscopic management delayed until the next day). We compared the clinical outcomes of endoscopy between the two groups. RESULTS: There were 49 patients in the early-endoscopy group and 41 patients in the delayed-endoscopy group. Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, bleeding control modality, and Rockall score did not differ between the two groups. There were also no significant differences between the early- and delayed-endoscopy groups in the re-bleeding rate (3/49 vs 5/41, p=0.313), the duration of hospital stay (10.7 vs 9.3 days, p=0.437), and the total amount of blood transfused (3.4 vs 2.7 units, p=0.240). CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of interventional endoscopy for patients with bleeding peptic ulcer disease is not significantly affected by the timing of endoscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Demography , Emergencies , Endoscopy , Hemorrhage , Length of Stay , Peptic Ulcer , Prospective Studies
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 13-19, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The spectrum of Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) ranges from mild diarrhea to life-threatening colitis. Recent studies reported an increase in incidence and severity of CDAD and the presence of severe community-acquired CDAD (CA-CDAD). The aims of this study were to investigate the incidence of CA-CDAD and non-antibiotics-associated CDAD, and to compare the clinical characteristics between hospital-acquired (HA) and CA-CDAD. METHODS: The medical records of 86 patients who were diagnosed as CDAD in Hanyang University Guri Hospital between January 2005 and October 2007 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Of the 86 patients (mean age 64 years), 53 patients were women. The most frequently prescribed antibiotics were cephalosporins (67.4%), followed by aminoglycosides (38.4%) and quinolones (14%). Of the 86 patients, the average duration of treatment and recovery time of symptoms were 11.5 days and 4.6 days, respectively. Seven percent of patients experienced relapse treatment. The overall incidence rate of CA-CDAD and non-antibiotics-associated CDAD were 10.5% and 22.1%, respectively. CA-CDAD group had lower rate of antimicrobial exposure whilst showing higher rate of complications compared to HA-CDAD group. Three patients in the CA-CDAD progressed towards a severe complicated clinical course, including septic shock. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence rate of CA-CDAD and non-antibiotics-associated CDAD were 10.5% and 22.1%, respectively. CA-CDAD tends to have a higher complication rate compared to HA-CDAD. Community clinicians needs to maintain a high level of suspicion for CDAD, whilst coping with the ever evolving epidemiologic change.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aminoglycosides/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacterial Toxins/analysis , Cephalosporins/therapeutic use , Clostridioides difficile , Community-Acquired Infections/epidemiology , Cross Infection/epidemiology , Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous/diagnosis , Enterotoxins/analysis , Metronidazole/therapeutic use , Quinolones/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
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