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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 633-641, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984696

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association between epicardial fat volume (EFV) and obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) with myocardial ischemia, and evaluate the incremental value of EFV on top of traditional risk factors and coronary artery calcium (CAC) in predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Methods: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients with suspected CAD who underwent coronary angiography (CAG) and single photon emission computerized tomography-myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from March 2018 to November 2019 were consecutively enrolled. EFV and CAC were measured by non-contrast chest computed tomography (CT) scan. Obstructive CAD was defined as coronary artery stenosis≥50% in at least one of the major epicardial coronary arteries, and myocardial ischemia was defined as reversible perfusion defects in stress and rest MPI. Obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia was defined in patients with coronary stenosis severity≥50% and reversible perfusion defects in the corresponding areas of SPECT-MPI. Patients with myocardial ischemia bot without obstructive CAD were defined as none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. We collected and compared the general clinical data, CAC and EFV between the two groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the relationship between EFV and obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. ROC curves were performed to determine whether addition of EFV improved predictive value beyond traditional risk factors and CAC for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Results: Among the 164 patients with suspected CAD, 111 patients were males, and average age was (61.4±9.9) years old. 62 (37.8%) patients were included into the obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. 102 (62.2%) patients were included into the none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group. EFV was significantly higher in obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group than in none-obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia group ((135.63±33.29)cm3 and (105.18±31.16)cm3, P<0.01). Univariate regression analysis showed the risk of obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia increased by 1.96 times for each SD increase in EFV(OR 2.96; 95%CI, 1.89-4.62; P<0.01). After adjustment for traditional risk factors and CAC, EFV remained as an independent predictor for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia (OR, 4.48, 95%CI, 2.17-9.23; P<0.01). Addition of EFV to CAC and traditional risk factors was related to larger AUC for predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia (0.90 vs. 0.85, P=0.04, 95%CI: 0.85-0.95) and the global chi-square increased by 21.81 (P<0.05). Conclusions: EFV is an independent predictor for obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia. Addition of EFV to traditional risk factors and CAC has incremental value for predicting obstructive CAD with myocardial ischemia in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Stenosis , Calcium
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 269-276, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969983

ABSTRACT

Based on data mining technology, the acupoints compatibility rules of acupuncture for depression diseases were explored. The randomized controlled trial (RCT) articles regarding acupuncture for depression diseases published from establishment of database to September 2nd, 2022 were searched in CNKI database, Wangfang database, VIP database, SinoMed database, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library. The use frequency of acupoints, meridian tropism, selection of special acupoints and acupoint association rules for five common depression diseases, including primary depression, post-stroke depression, menopausal syndrome, psychoneurosis and anxiety disorder, were analyzed by Python programming language. Cytoscape software was used to analyze the acupoint association and the disease-acupoint co-occurrence network. As a result, totally 387 articles were included, and 319 acupoints prescriptions for the above five common depression diseases were extracted, involving 159 acupoints. The use frequency of acupoints was 2 574 times in total. The frequently-used acupoints were Baihui (GV 20), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Taichong (LR 3), Neiguan (PC 6), Shenmen (HT 7), Yintang (GV 24+), Zusanli (ST 36), Hegu (LI 4), Sishencong (EX-HN 1) and Taixi (KI 3), etc. The frequently involved meridians were the governor vessel, foot-taiyang bladder meridian, foot-taiyin spleen meridian, and foot-jueyin liver meridian. The frequency of the special acupoints from high to low was crossing points, five-shu points, yuan-primary points, back-shu points, luo-connecting points, and eight confluent points, etc, which were often used in combination with "Baihui (GV 20)-Yintang (GV 24+)" (the highest degree of association). At the same time, the analysis of the co-occurrence network of depression diseases and acupoints showed that the core acupoints group of acupuncture for depression diseases were Baihui (GV 20), Taichong (LR 3), Shenmen (HT 7), Zusanli (ST 36), Neiguan (PC 6) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6). In conclusion, acupuncture treatment for depression diseases has gradually formed a rule of acupoint compatibility, with special acupoint as the main body and "unblocking the governor vessel, and regulating the spirit and qi " as the main therapeutic principle.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Depression , Meridians , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
3.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 268-274, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830545

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Spontaneous rupture is a potentially serious complication of liver cancer. A risk score was developed and validated for predicting spontaneous rupture based on a retrospective study. @*Methods@#Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to study the relationship between clinical variables and spontaneous rupture. The independent rupture predictors were converted into a score based on the odds ratio. Predicted attributes of the developed scores were then verified using a dataset in 2019. @*Results@#The incidence of spontaneous rupture was 5.5% from 2002 to 2019. A 10-point score (α-FP of ≥400 μg/L, 1; protrusion from liver surface, 2; ascites, 3; tumor size of >5 cm, 4) was derived for prediction of rupture and area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve was 0.9 (95% confidence interval, 0.87–0.92). When applying a cutoff value of 5 points or more, the specificity was 0.87 and the sensitivity was 0.84. A validation cohort consisting of 202 hepatocellular carcinoma patients reproduces the predictive, identification, and calibration characteristics. The observed rate of spontaneous rupture according to risk stratification of the score was 0.6% for those with a score of 0–4, 21.6% for a score of 5–7, and 36.4% for a score of 8–10 in the validation cohort. @*Conclusion@#Here, based on routine clinical data, we determine the factors that affect prognosis and propose an effective tool for predicting spontaneous rupture, which may be useful in guiding priority treatment of high-risk patients or clinical routine preventive treatment.

4.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 42-44,51, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699854

ABSTRACT

Objective To design an integration system for use,supervision and intervention of antimicrobials to strengthen the management and improve the rationality in clinical use.Methods By using the computer technology and closed-loop control principle,the knowledge base and rule base were established to realize the integration for use,supervision and intervention of antimicrobials.The statistical analysis platform was also built to complete the statistical analysis and traceability of the used antimicrobial by different levels of hospitals,departments and doctors.Results The system achieved a full range of guidelines for the clinical use of antimicrobials.The waste of medical resources was suppressed and the adverse reactions and medical cost were also reduced.Conclusion The system has friendly interface and simple operation,which provides an effective solution for the rational use of antimicrobials.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1165-1167, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637817

ABSTRACT

?AIM:To evaluate the clinical outcomes of Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy in the treatment of early stage capsular block syndrome ( CBS) .?METHODS:Eighteen patients (21 eyes) with early stage capsular block syndrome were treated using Nd:YAG laser by anterior capsulotomy only or combined with posterior capsulotomy from January 2010 to July 2015 in Anyang Eye Hospital. Uncorrected distance visual acuity, intraocular pressure, spherical equivalent, depth of anterior chamber were observed preoperatively and 2wk postoperatively.?RESULTS:Seventeen eyes simply underwent peripheral anterior capsulotomy with Nd:YAG laser. Four eyes were combined with posterior capsulotomy. Compared with preoperative, uncorrected distance visual acuity improved, intraocular pressure returned to normal, degree of myopia reduced, depth of anterior chamber had deepened.? CONCLUSION: Nd: YAG laser capsulotomy is an effective treatment for early stage capsular block syndrome.

6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 688-690, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301243

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the improvement of typing and reasonable surgical treatment for pancreatic ductal stone (PDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 89 patients with pancreatic ductul stone treated underwent surgeries from January 2000 to December 2012 were involved into this study. There were 57 male and 32 female patients, the average age was (52 ± 23) years. According to the magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography imaging and finding during surgery, pancreatolithiasis was classified into three types: type I, the stones were located in the main pancreatic duct; type II, the stones were located both in main and branch pancreatic duct; type III, the stones were diffusely scattered in the branch pancreatic duct; the position of PDS within pancreatic parenchyma were subtitled. In this group, 43 type I PDS were extracted with endoscopic papillotomy or endoscopic pancreatic sphincterotomy, or pancreatolithotomy plus pancreato-jejunal lateral anastomosis with wide anastomotic stoma; 39 type II cases were treated by pancreatolithotomy plus pancreato-jejunal lateral anastomosis or/and resection of pancreatic section; 7 type III PDS were managed with resection of pancreatic section.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All surgeries were performed successfully. Among complications, 6 cases (6.7%) were pancreatic leakage which recovered after systematic non-surgical treatment, 2 cases (2.2%) were anastomotic bleeding which led to 1 death, 6 cases (6.7%) were residual pancreatolithiasis in branch pancreatic duct type. Seventy-eight patients were followed up for 6 to 131 months, 57 cases were still alive so far. Five cases were intermittent abdominal pain, 7 cases were diabetes resulted from 2 subtotal pancreatectomy and 5 distal pancreatectomy, 5 cases occurred pancreatolithiasis recurrence and 3 underwent secondary surgeries.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The basis of this modified typing of pancreatolithiasis is the position of stone in pancreatic duct rather than pancreas parenchyma. It is more important and valuable for surgical principle of taking stones out completely and maintaining pancreatic function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Calculi , Classification , General Surgery , Pancreatic Diseases , Classification , General Surgery , Pancreatic Ducts , Pathology , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic
7.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012; 28 (5): 921-924
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-149511

ABSTRACT

To explore the efficacy of Entecavir on hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis. One Hundred two cases of hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis patients were randomly divided into treatment group [N=51] and control group [N=51]. Both groups received conventional treatment, meanwhile treatment group received Entecavir for anti-virus treatment. Comparison of liver function between the two groups was statistically significant [P < 0.01] at week 4, 8 and 12 after antiviral therapy, liver fibrosis contrast of two groups was statistically significant [P < 0.01] at week 4, 8 and 12 after antiviral therapy. Although Entecavir can be effective in treating hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis, its resistance and course of treatment need to be further evaluated.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 371-374, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285160

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the therapeutic effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) combined with auricular acupoint sticking (AAS) for treatment of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and fifty cases of PNE patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 125 cases in each group. Two groups were treated on basis of the routine treatment, the observation group was treated with TEAS at Zhongji (CV 3), Qihai (CV 6) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) etc. combined with AAS at Xin (heart), Shen (kidney), and Jiaogan (sympathytic) etc., once each day, 15 days constituting one course, an interval of 5 days between two courses, the therapeutic effect was evaluated after 3 courses of continuous treatment. The control group was treated with oral administration of Desmopressin Acetate (DA) and Meclofenoxate, the therapeutic effect was evaluated after 2 months of continuous treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate of 96.8% (121/125) in observation group was superior to that of 90.4% (113/125) in control group (P < 0.05), the observation group was superior to control group in reducing the times of nocturia and enuresis, onset time and duration of effect (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TEAS combined with AAS can reduce the times of nocturia and enuresis of PNE children, with significant therapeutic effect, taking quick effect and keeping long effect duration.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Acupuncture, Ear , Methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Nocturnal Enuresis , Therapeutics
9.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 765-769, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301611

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the regulatory effect of the GAGA element-related protein (GRP) on the Drosophila GAGA-dependent promoter activity in Jurkat cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Drosophila GAGA (dGAGA) factor (dGAF), GRP, and either the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter plasmid driven by the GAGA element-containing promoter of ftz gene or its mutant GAGA control were selectively co-transfected into Jurkat cells. Promoter activity analyses were performed by analyzing the RNA expression of the CAT in a real-time-RT PCR system, with pRC-CMV-betaGal co-transfected with the CAT reporter as a transfection efficiency control. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) were carried out to examine the binding profile of Jurkat nuclear extracts with a biotin labeled probe-containing dGAGA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In Jurkat cells, GRP, either singly or combined with dGAF, elevated the activity of wild type dGAGA-containing ftz promoter dose-dependently in certain range. However, when the level of GRP was excessively high, it reduced or even fully inhibited the promoter activity of the ftz gene. On the contrary, either GRP or dGAF could not activate the ftz promoter with mutant GAGA. EMSA profile showed a specific band composed of the GAGA element and its binding proteins from Jurkat cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Human GAGA element-binding proteins exist in Jurkat cells. Its may either directly regulate the gene via GAGA elements or mediate the biphasic regulation of relevant gene in a GRP dose-dependent way.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Checkpoint Kinase 1 , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Drosophila Proteins , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Jurkat Cells , Plasmids , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Transfection
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1771-1774, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340731

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of neurogulin-1 (NRG1) on the transmission and plasticity of CA1 synapses in mouse hippocampal slices at different temperatures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Under room temperature (26-/+1 degrees C) or physiological temperature (32-/+1 degrees C), field excitatory postsynaptic potential (fEPSP) evoked by extracellular microelectrode recording technique was recorded in the CA1 region in adult mouse hippocampal slices, and the long-term potentiation (LTP) was induced by high frequency stimulation (HFS). The effects of NRG1 on the baseline fEPSP and induction of LTP in CA1 region were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant variation in the slope of fEPSP relative to the baseline fEPSP was observed after perfusion with NRG1 at room temperature or physiological temperature (P > 0.05). After HFS at the room temperature, the mean slope of fEPSP in the slices perfused with NRG1 was similar to that of the control group (P > 0.05), but HFS at the physiological temperature resulted in significant reduction in the mean slope of fEPSP in the slices perfused with NRG1 (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NRG1 may temperature-dependently inhibit the induction of LTP in the CA1 region in mouse hippocampal slices.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Hippocampus , Physiology , Long-Term Potentiation , Physiology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neuregulin-1 , Physiology , Neuronal Plasticity , Physiology , Synaptic Transmission , Physiology , Temperature
11.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 303-306, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236246

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical efficacy of Zengse Pill ( ZSP) on patients with vitiligo of qi-stagnancy and blood-stasis syndrome type (V-QB), and to preliminarily explore its mechanism of action.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-five V-QB patients, with their diagnosis confirmed by clinical examination, were randomized by digital table method into two groups, with 31 patients in the control group and 34 in the treatment group. Cobamamide (2 tablets) was administered orally to all patients, and Psoralea tincture (a self-formulated preparation) was applied externally thrice a day. In addition, for patients in the treatment group, ZSP was given orally, at 5 pills per dose, 3 times every day. The therapeutic course for both groups was 3 months. Patients were re-examined every half-month, and changes in the skin lesions were observed and recorded. The levels of lymphocyte subsets, serum immune globulin, and complement C3 and C4 in patients were determined before and after the therapeutic course and compared with the corresponding indexes determined in 21 healthy subjects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate in the treatment group was 82.4%, which was markedly higher than that in the control group (54.8%), showing a significant difference (P<0.05). After treatment, CD(4) (+) percentage, CD(4) (+)/CD(8) (+) ratio, and blood levels of C3 and C4 increased, while CD(8) (+) percentage decreased in the treatment group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). All these indexes remained unchanged in the control group, and the respective comparisons between groups showed significant differences (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ZSP has a definite clinical effect on the treatment of V-QB but with no evident adverse reactions, and it can increase the CD(4) (+) percentage, CD(4) (+)/CD(8) (+) ratio, and the levels of serum C3 and C4, thus regulating the immunity of the organism, which might be one of its mechanisms of action.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Complement C3 , Complement C4 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Immunoglobulins , Blood , Lymphocyte Subsets , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi , Vitiligo , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology
12.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640443

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the clinical experience in liver retransplantation. Methods From June 2002 to December 2005,a total of 185 cases of liver transplantation were performed in our hospital,including 8 cases of retransplantation.Those clinical data were analyzed retrospectively. Results The rate of liver retransplantation was 4.32%.The average MELD scores before primary transplantation and retransplantation were 15.6 and 23.9,respectively.The average interval between primary transplantation and retransplantation was 316 days(78~725 days).Causes of retransplantation included 3 cases of biliary complications,2 cases of chronic rejection,1 case of hepatic artery thrombosis,1 case of acute rejection and 1 case of recurrence of hepatitis B.The former 3 cases died of severe infection combined with multiple organ failure 101,16 and 28 days after retransplantation.The latter 5 cases recovered smoothly,and have survived 27,12,8,4 and 3 months up to now. Conclusion Liver retransplantation is an effective way to save the patient with hepatic allograft failure.Good knowledge of the indications of retransplantation,careful selection of the operation time,excellent surgical skills and meticulous postoperative management will contribute to the success of liver retransplantation.

13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 392-395, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231922

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the role of a BTB/POZ domain protein in the expression of hsp90alpha gene.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The eukaryotic expression plasmids of sense- and antisense-GAGA related protein (GRP) or empty vector were transfected into Jurkat cells with pREP4 episomal vector plasmids carrying the hsp90alpha promoter sequence from -1756 to +37 and control plasmids pMCAT. Total RNA was extracted. The relative promoter activity of hsp90alpha-CAT reporter gene was determined by competitive RT-PCR assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>GRP markly increased the relative promoter activity of hsp90alpha-CAT reporter gene during heat shock.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GRP may promote the expression of hsp90alpha gene by participating in chromatin remolding.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Amino Acid Motifs , Checkpoint Kinase 1 , Cloning, Molecular , DNA , Metabolism , DNA, Complementary , Metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Drosophila , Genetics , Drosophila Proteins , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Heat-Shock Response , Genetics , Homeodomain Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Repressor Proteins , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Two-Hybrid System Techniques
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