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1.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 161-166, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918586

ABSTRACT

Neonatal thyrotoxicosis is rare and most of the cases are secondary to maternal Graves’ disease. It is usually transient, but can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality if not recognized promptly and treated adequately. Neonates born to mothers treated with antithyroid drugs or those who receive maternal thyroid blocking antibodies may exhibit normal thyroid function or even hypothyroidism at birth. Since there may not be any obvious symptoms of hyperthyroidism at birth, it may be overlooked. Therefore, such neonates should be evaluated properly and monitored regularly to prevent serious complications of hyperthyroidism. We report a case of a 21-day-old male infant who developed thyrotoxicosis with dyspnea, irritability, tachycardia, and cardiac insufficiency. He was born to a mother who was treated for Graves’ disease with antithyroid drugs during pregnancy. We have also discussed the importance of careful examination and monitoring to prevent the development of clinical hyperthyroidism.

2.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 376-388, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832464

ABSTRACT

ymptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD) caused by loss of dopaminergic neurons are accompanied by movement disorders, including tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia, and akinesia. Non-human primate (NHP) models with PD play an essential role in the analysis of PD pathophysiology and behavior symptoms. As impairments of hand dexterity function can affect activities of daily living in patients with PD, research on hand dexterity function in NHP models with chronic PD is essential. Traditional rating scales previously used in the evaluation of animal spontaneous behavior were insufficient due to factors related to subjectivity and passivity. Thus, experimentally designed applications for an appropriate apparatus are necessary. In this study, we aimed to longitudinally assess hand dexterity function using hand dexterity task (HDT) in NHP-PD models. To validate this assessment, we analyzed the alteration in Parkinsonian tremor signs and the functionality of presynaptic dopaminergic neuron using positron emission tomography imaging of dopamine transporters in these models. In addition, a significant inverse correlation between HDT and DAT level was identified, but no local bias was found. The correlation with intention tremor signs was lower than the resting tremor. In conclusion, the evaluation of HDT may reflect behavioral symptoms of NHP-PD models. Furthermore, HDT was effectively used to experimentally distinguish intention tremors from other tremors.

3.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 300-313, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832446

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke results from arterial occlusion and can cause irreversible brain injury. A non-human primate (NHP) model of ischemic stroke was previously developed to investigate its pathophysiology and for efficacy testing of therapeutic candidates; however, fine motor impairment remains to be well-characterized. We evaluated hand motor function in a cynomolgus monkey model of ischemic stroke. Endovascular transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) with an angiographic microcatheter induced cerebral infarction. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging mapped and measured the ischemia-induced infarct lesion. In vivo diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the stroke lesion to assess the neuroplastic changes and fiber tractography demonstrated three-dimensional patterns in the corticospinal tract 12 weeks after MCAO. The hand dexterity task (HDT) was used to evaluate fine motor movement of upper extremity digits. The HDT was modified for a home cage-based training system, instead of conventional chair restraint training. The lesion was localized in the middle cerebral artery territory, including the sensorimotor cortex. Maximum infarct volume was exhibited over the first week after MCAO, which progressively inhibited ischemic core expansion, manifested by enhanced functional recovery of the affected hand over 12 weeks after MCAO. The total performance time decreased with increasing success rate for both hands on the HDT. Compensatory strategies and retrieval failure improved in the chronic phase after stroke. Our findings demonstrate the recovery of fine motor skill after stroke, and outline the behavioral characteristics and features of functional disorder of NHP stroke model, providing a basis for assessing hand motor function after stroke.

4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832093

ABSTRACT

Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease is a rare inherited cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by benign and malignant tumors in multiple organs, especially cerebellar hemangioblastomas, retinal angiomas, renal-cell carcinoma, and pheochromocytomas. Clinically, VHL disease also presents an increased risk for developing multiple visceral cysts in the pancreas, liver, and kidneys. Regular surveillance for VHL disease-associated tumors after early diagnosis is necessary for better outcomes in VHL disease. An 11-year-old girl was admitted with prolonged fever lasting for more than 10 days and cervical lymphadenopathy. She did not have a family history of cysts or malignancy. Initial blood tests showed mild leukopenia and moderate elevation in aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase, but with normal amylase and lipase. Hepatobiliary ultrasonography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography were done and revealed multiple cysts involving the whole pancreas with cyst sizes up to 1.6 cm, indicating VHL disease. Direct sequencing of the VHL gene showed a heterozygous duplication at codon 384 (c.384dup), which is predicted to cause a frameshift of the reading frame (p.Leu129Serfs*3). This was a novel pathogenic variant VHL gene. We carried out the surveillance protocol for VHL disease-associated tumors, and found a hemangioblastoma in the medulla of the brainstem. We are reporting an 11-year-old female patient of VHL disease with brainstem hemangioblastoma who could be suspected and diagnosed of VHL disease in asymptomatic state due to incidentally found multiple pancreatic cysts.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811259

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the available alveolar bone height between the maxillary molars and the sinus floor according to their anatomical relationship using cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images.METHODS: A total of 752 maxillary first (M1) and second molars (M2) on CBCT scans of 188 patients were selected. First, each maxillary molar was categorized as type 1, 2, 3, or 4 according to the relationship of the molar root with the maxillary sinus floor. The frequency distribution of each type was analyzed. Second, the shortest vertical distance (VD) of each molar was measured from the furcation midpoints of the roots to the lowest point of the sinus floor by 2 observers. Intraclass correlation coefficients and the t-test were calculated for the VD measurements.RESULTS: For M1, type 3 was the most frequent, followed by type 2. For M2, type 3 was the most common, followed by type 1. The VD measurements of type 1 were 9.51±3.68 mm and 8.07±2.73 mm for M1 and M2, and those of type 3 were 3.70±1.52 mm and 4.03±1.53 mm for M1 and M2, respectively. The VD measurements of M2 were significantly higher in female patients than in male patients.CONCLUSIONS: Type 3 was the most frequent anatomical relationship in the maxillary molars, and showed the lowest alveolar bone height. This information will help clinicians to prevent complications related to the maxillary sinus during maxillary molar treatment and to predict the available bone height for immediate implant planning.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dental Implants , Female , Humans , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Molar
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918400

ABSTRACT

Nonhuman primate models are valuable in biomedical research. However, reference data for clinical pathology parameters in cynomolgus and rhesus monkeys are limited. In the present study, we established hematologic and biochemical reference intervals for healthy cynomolgus and rhesus monkeys anesthetized with ketamine hydrochloride. A total of 142 cynomolgus monkeys (28 males and 114 females) and 42 rhesus monkeys (22 males and 20 females) were selected and analyzed in order to examine reference intervals of 20 hematological and 16 biochemical parameters. The effects of sex were also investigated. Reference intervals for hematological and biochemical parameters were separately established by species (cynomolgus and rhesus) and sex (male and female). No sex-related differences were determined in erythrocyte-related parameters for cynomolgus and rhesus monkey housed in indoor laboratory conditions. Alkaline phosphatase and gamma glutamyltransferase were significantly lower in females than males in both cynomolgus and rhesus monkeys aged 48–96 months. The reference values for hematological and biochemical parameters established herein might provide valuable information for researchers using cynomolgus and rhesus monkeys in experimental conditions for biomedical studies.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764078

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Proficient differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) into specific lineages is required for applications in regenerative medicine. A growing amount of evidences had implicated hormones and hormone-like molecules as critical regulators of proliferation and lineage specification during in vivo development. Therefore, a deeper understanding of the hormones and hormone-like molecules involved in cell fate decisions is critical for efficient and controlled differentiation of hPSCs into specific lineages. Thus, we functionally and quantitatively compared the effects of diverse hormones (estradiol 17-β (E2), progesterone (P4), and dexamethasone (DM)) and a hormone-like molecule (retinoic acid (RA)) on the regulation of hematopoietic and neural lineage specification. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used 10 nM E2, 3 μM P4, 10 nM DM, and 10 nM RA based on their functional in vivo developmental potential. The sex hormone E2 enhanced functional activity of hematopoietic progenitors compared to P4 and DM, whereas RA impaired hematopoietic differentiation. In addition, E2 increased CD34⁺CD45⁺ cells with progenitor functions, even in the CD43⁻ population, a well-known hemogenic marker. RA exhibited lineage-biased potential, preferentially committing hPSCs toward the neural lineage while restricting the hematopoietic fate decision. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reveal unique cell fate potentials of E2 and RA treatment and provide valuable differentiation information that is essential for hPSC applications.


Subject(s)
Dexamethasone , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Pluripotent Stem Cells , Progesterone , Regenerative Medicine , Tretinoin
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758919

ABSTRACT

Microorganisms play important roles in obesity; however, the role of the gut microbiomes in obesity is controversial because of the inconsistent findings. This study investigated the gut microbiome communities in obese and lean groups of captive healthy cynomolgus monkeys reared under strict identical environmental conditions, including their diet. No significant differences in the relative abundance of Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes and Prevotella were observed between the obese and lean groups, but a significant difference in Spirochetes (p < 0.05) was noted. Microbial diversity and richness were similar, but highly variable results in microbial composition, diversity, and richness were observed in individuals, irrespective of their state of obesity. Distinct clustering between the groups was not observed by principal coordinate analysis using an unweighted pair group method. Higher sharedness values (95.81% ± 2.28% at the genus level, and 79.54% ± 5.88% at the species level) were identified among individual monkeys. This paper reports the association between the gut microbiome and obesity in captive non-human primate models reared under controlled environments. The relative proportion of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes as well as the microbial diversity known to affect obesity were similar in the obese and lean groups of monkeys reared under identical conditions. Therefore, obesity-associated microbial changes reported previously appear to be associated directly with environmental factors, particularly diet, rather than obesity.


Subject(s)
Bacteroidetes , Diet , Environment, Controlled , Firmicutes , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Haplorhini , Macaca fascicularis , Methods , Microbiota , Obesity , Prevotella , Primates , Spirochaetales
9.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 458-473, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763781

ABSTRACT

The function of microglia/macrophages after ischemic stroke is poorly understood. This study examines the role of microglia/macrophages in the focal infarct area after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rhesus monkeys. We measured infarct volume and neurological function by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and non-human primate stroke scale (NHPSS), respectively, to assess temporal changes following MCAO. Activated phagocytic microglia/macrophages were examined by immunohistochemistry in post-mortem brains (n=6 MCAO, n=2 controls) at 3 and 24 hours (acute stage), 2 and 4 weeks (subacute stage), and 4, and 20 months (chronic stage) following MCAO. We found that the infarct volume progressively decreased between 1 and 4 weeks following MCAO, in parallel with the neurological recovery. Greater presence of cluster of differentiation 68 (CD68)-expressing microglia/macrophages was detected in the infarct lesion in the subacute and chronic stage, compared to the acute stage. Surprisingly, 98~99% of transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ) was found colocalized with CD68-expressing cells. CD68-expressing microglia/macrophages, rather than CD206⁺ cells, may exert anti-inflammatory effects by secreting TGFβ after the subacute stage of ischemic stroke. CD68⁺ microglia/macrophages can therefore be used as a potential therapeutic target.


Subject(s)
Brain , Haplorhini , Immunohistochemistry , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Inflammation , Macaca mulatta , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Microglia , Middle Cerebral Artery , Primates , Stroke , Transforming Growth Factor beta
10.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 414-424, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763764

ABSTRACT

Mitochondria continuously fuse and divide to maintain homeostasis. An impairment in the balance between the fusion and fission processes can trigger mitochondrial dysfunction. Accumulating evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction is related to neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease (PD), with excessive mitochondrial fission in dopaminergic neurons being one of the pathological mechanisms of PD. Here, we investigated the balance between mitochondrial fusion and fission in the substantia nigra of a non-human primate model of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced PD. We found that MPTP induced shorter and abnormally distributed mitochondria. This phenomenon was accompanied by the activation of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), a mitochondrial fission protein, through increased phosphorylation at S616. Thereafter, we assessed for activation of the components of the cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling cascades, which are known regulators of Drp1(S616) phosphorylation. MPTP induced an increase in p25 and p35, which are required for CDK5 activation. Together, these findings suggest that the phosphorylation of Drp1(S616) by CDK5 is involved in mitochondrial fission in the substantia nigra of a non-human primate model of MPTP-induced PD.


Subject(s)
1-Methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 , Cyclin-Dependent Kinases , Dopaminergic Neurons , Homeostasis , Mitochondria , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Parkinson Disease , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Primates , Substantia Nigra
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147786

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) after tooth extraction in patients with osteoporosis on oral bisphosphonates in Korea and to evaluate local factors affecting the development of BRONJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical records of 320 patients who underwent dental extraction while receiving oral bisphosphonates were reviewed. All patients had a healing period of more than 6 months following the extractions. Each patient's clinical record was used to assess the incidence of BRONJ; if BRONJ occurred, a further radiographic investigation was carried out to obtain a more definitive diagnosis. Various local factors including age, gender, extraction site, drug type, duration of administration, and C-terminal telopeptide (CTx) level were retrieved from the patients' clinical records for evaluating their effect on the incidence of BRONJ. RESULTS: Among the 320 osteoporotic patients who underwent tooth extraction, 11 developed BRONJ, reflecting an incidence rate of 3.44%. Out of the local factors that may affect the incidence of BRONJ, gender, drug type, and CTx level showed no statistically significant effects, while statistically significant associations were found for age, extraction site, and duration of administration. The incidence of BRONJ increased with age, was greater in the mandible than the maxilla, and was associated with a duration of administration of more than 3 years. CONCLUSION: Tooth extraction in patients on oral bisphosphonates requires careful consideration of their age, the extraction site, and the duration of administration, and close postoperative follow-up should be carried out to facilitate effective early management.


Subject(s)
Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Diagnosis , Diphosphonates , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Mandible , Maxilla , Osteoporosis , Risk Factors , Tooth Extraction , Tooth
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90949

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Clinical differences in Mycoplasma pneumonia (MP) in children and adolescent patients according to abnormal infiltrate patterns on the chest X-ray were compared. METHODS: From 2012 to 2015, patients (n=336) diagnosed with MP at Yeungnam University Medical Center have been classified as eiher lobar pneumonia or bronchopneumonia based on the infilterate patterns observed on chest X-ray. Cases were analyzed retrospectively for gender, age, seasonal incidence rate, main symptoms (fever duration, extrapulmonary symptoms), and laboratory results, including white blood cell count, hemoglobin, platelets, C-reactive protein (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), as well as concurrent respiratory virus infection. RESULTS: The following results were observed. First, lobar pneumonia affected 22.0% of all MP patients and was the most common in preschool children, with a high incidence rate in November and December. Second, lobar pneumonia had a longer fever duration than bronchopneumonia (p<0.001), and also showed significantly higher platelets (336.8 vs. 299.1 k/µL, p=0.026), ESR(46.3 vs. 26.0mm/hr, p<0.001) and CRP (4.86 vs. 2.18mg/dL, p=0.001). Third, viral co-infection was more common in bronchopneumonia (p=0.017), affecting 66.7% of infants and toddlers (p=0.034). Finaly, lobar consolidation was most common in both lower lobes. CONCLUSION: MP in children has increased in younger age groups, and the rate of lobar pneumonia with severe clinical symptoms is higher in older children.


Subject(s)
Academic Medical Centers , Adolescent , Blood Sedimentation , Bronchopneumonia , C-Reactive Protein , Child , Child, Preschool , Coinfection , Fever , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Leukocyte Count , Mycoplasma , Pneumonia , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Retrospective Studies , Seasons , Thorax
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163869

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Kawasaki disease involves acute febrile systemic vasculitis that can cause a variety of symptoms by affecting various organs. Here, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence, causes, and prognosis of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) occurring in children with Kawasaki disease. METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with Kawasaki disease and received inpatient treatment in the Pediatrics Department at one of three university hospitals in Daegu city from February 2012 to September 2012 were enrolled in the study. The clinical features, hematological results, echocardiography results, audiometry results, and aspirin and salicylic acid serum levels of the patients were evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 59 children enrolled in the study, three showed mild bilateral SNHL on audiometry tests conducted after 48 hours of defervescence; these patients demonstrated normal patterns of recovery on follow-up tests 8 weeks later. Aspirin serum levels were significantly higher in the SNHL group after 48 hours of afebrile condition with high dose aspirin intake (P=0.034). However, no significant differences were found in other laboratory tests or for fever duration (P>0.05). Upon echocardiography, coronary artery abnormality was observed in 9 cases, but none of these patients showed hearing loss. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that SNHL in children with Kawasaki disease might occur during treatment of the acute phase; this SNHL usually involves mild bilateral hearing loss and recovers naturally. However, this study suggests that determination of the causes and clinical implications of hearing loss in Kawasaki disease requires long-term follow-up studies with more cases.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Audiometry , Child , Coronary Vessels , Echocardiography , Fever , Follow-Up Studies , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Bilateral , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Hospitals, University , Humans , Inpatients , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Pediatrics , Prevalence , Prognosis , Salicylic Acid , Systemic Vasculitis
14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 516-521, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14857

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis of which pathogenesis suspected is caused by immune dysregulation. The goal of this study is to evaluate the activation pattern of T helper cell type 1 (Th1) and T helper cell type 2 (Th2) in patients with Kawasaki disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Prospective study of 60 patients (male 36, female 24) with diagnosis of Kawasaki disease were enrolled. One hundred and eighty blood samples from these patients were collected according to the different clinical stages {before initial intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), 5 days after initial IVIG, 2 months after initial IVIG}. The plasma level of Th1 cytokines; interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) & interleukin (IL)-2 and Th2 cytokines; IL-4 & IL-10 were measured by enzyme-liked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: In all patients, the plasma level of Th1 cytokines (IFN-gamma, IL-2) and Th2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10) were markedly elevated during the acute stage of Kawasaki disease. Since then, the plasma level of all these cytokines decreased significantly along with the process of clinical stages. Regardless of the existence of coronary artery lesion or no response to initial IVIG treatment, there were no significant differences between them. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that both Th1 and Th2 cells may be activated simultaneously during the acute stage of Kawasaki disease. Further studies are therefore required to establish the difference of activation pattern of T helper cells between Kawasaki disease and other inflammatory diseases.


Subject(s)
Coronary Vessels , Cytokines , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-4 , Interleukins , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Plasma , Prospective Studies , Systemic Vasculitis , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Th1-Th2 Balance , Th2 Cells
15.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 46-49, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14322

ABSTRACT

Dentigerous cysts are benign odontogenic cysts that are associated with the crowns of permanent teeth. They are developmental epithelial-lined lesions which are formed from fluid accumulation in the space between the reduced enamel epithelium and the surface of crown. This may occure due to the obstructin of venous return caused by tooth impaction. The most prevalent location of dentigerous cysts are the third molar of mandible. While the single dentigerous cysts are the second most common odontogenic cysts following the radicular cysts of jaw, multiple cysts are observed in patients with some conditions such as mucopolysaccharidosis type IV, basal cell nevus syndrome, and cleidocranial dysplasia. They occur in young patients in the second or third decades of life, but it is a rare occurrence for children. A sixteen-year-old girl with painful swelling in the right mandible visited to our department. All routine laboratory test results were within normal limits. However, we were able to diagnose that she had facial asymmetry. Computed tomography showed a well-defined soft tissue mass obliterating right mandible ramus with an impacted tooth. We performed total enucleation of cyst and molar tooth. The pathology revealed a non-keratinized squamous epithelial lined cyst associated with an undamaged tooth.


Subject(s)
Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome , Child , Cleidocranial Dysplasia , Crowns , Dental Enamel , Dentigerous Cyst , Epithelium , Facial Asymmetry , Female , Humans , Jaw , Mandible , Molar , Molar, Third , Mucopolysaccharidoses , Odontogenic Cysts , Pathology , Radicular Cyst , Tooth , Tooth, Impacted
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-646782

ABSTRACT

Pneumosinus dilatans is a rare disease in which 1 or more paranasal sinuses are dilated without functional alteration. The frontal sinus is the most commonly affected site, with involvement of the maxillary sinus being rare. A 25-year-old man had complained of facial pain and headache of frontal area. These symptoms were aggravated after nose blowing. A computed tomographic scan showed a hyperaeration of both maxillary sinus and frontal sinus. We treated the condition by endoscopic sinus surgery (middle meatal antrostomy, both). Just after operation, facial pain and headache of frontal sinus have subsided. No recurrence was detected. In this article, the authors present surgical options for the treatment of pneumosinus dilatans of the maxillary sinus, including a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Facial Pain , Frontal Sinus , Headache , Maxillary Sinus , Nose , Paranasal Sinuses , Rare Diseases , Recurrence
17.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 63-66, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162775

ABSTRACT

Many patients regard tonsillectomy as a minor operation because it is performed frequently. Although tonsillectomy is considered a relatively safe surgical procedure, numerous complications have been described. The common complications are hemorrhage, infection, and following anesthesia, aspiration, cardiac arrhythmia, and laryngeal trauma. Cervicofacial emphysema and pneumomediastinum are rarely observed sequelae of surgical intervention in the upper aerodigestive tract. Although these complications resolve spontaneously in most cases, a few cases result in tension pneumothorax and other life-threatening conditions. Symptoms include chest pain, neck pain, dyspnea and odynophagia. Treatment involves frequent assessment of the airway and extent of the emphysema. The authors of the present study report of a patient who developed pneumomediastinum shortly after an adenotonsillectomy as well as a review of the related literature.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Chest Pain , Dyspnea , Emphysema , Hemorrhage , Humans , Mediastinal Emphysema , Neck Pain , Pneumothorax , Subcutaneous Emphysema , Tonsillectomy
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-166591

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of spiritual intervention studies by examining biological, psychological, and spiritual outcomes. METHODS: From electronic databases 2522 studies were retrieved, of which 21 studies met the inclusion criteria. These studies had 1411 participants. Two authors independently extracted data from the selected studies and assessed the methodological quality. The data were analyzed using the RevMan 5.1 program of the Cochrane library. RESULTS: Overall effect size of spiritual intervention on spiritual and psychological (depression and anxiety) outcomes were moderate (d=-0.65 to d=-0.76, p<.001). The effects on biological outcomes (pain and functional status) ranged from -0.51 to -0.39, respectively. No publication bias was detected as evaluated by a funnel plot. Spiritual intervention had a moderate effect on psychological and spiritual outcomes and a smaller effect on biological outcomes. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that spiritual intervention can relieve depression and anxiety. Further randomized controlled trials studies are needed to evaluate the effects of spiritual intervention on biological outcomes.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Databases, Factual , Depression , Humans , Intervention Studies , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Spirituality
19.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 119-122, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of steroid-impregnated absorbable nasal dressing on wound healing and surgical outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chronic rhinosinusitis patients with nasal polyps who were to undergo bilateral ESS were recruited and randomized to receive triamcinolone-impregnated bioresorbable dressing (Nasopore(R); Polyganics, Groningen, Netherlands) in one nasal cavity and saline-impregnated dressing contralaterally. Postoperative healing assessments of edema, crusting, secretions, and scarring were done at postoperative days 7, 14, and 21 and at 1 and 3 months using validated Lund-Kennedy scores. RESULTS: Analysis of the 20 enrolled patients who completed observation showed no significant difference in Lund-Kennedy scores between the preoperative cavity scores. There was, however, a statistically significant difference in Lund-Kennedy scores of the treatment and control groups at days 7 and 14 (P =0.005 and P=0.0039, respectively), and a significant difference in Lund-Kennedy scores was also detected between the groups at the 3-month time point (P =0.042). CONCLUSION: The results of the data analysis suggest a significant improvement in early postoperative healing and improved healing for up to 3 months postoperatively in nasal cavities receiving triamcinolone-impregnated absorbable nasal packing following ESS.


Subject(s)
Bandages , Cicatrix , Edema , Humans , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Polyps , Statistics as Topic , Triamcinolone , Wound Healing
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-649259

ABSTRACT

Penetrating traumatic laryngeal injuries are relatively rare and traumatic injuries to the epiglottis are extremely rare. The present case is 58-year old man with suicidal history, chronic alcoholism, and schizophrenia who complained of neck laceration and unconsciousness after stab injury. Examination revealed a large transverse laceration of 7 cm in size, penetrating deep to the level of thyroid cartilage from the lateral border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, exposing the thyroid cartilage. There was about a 3 cm-sized deep wound under the thyroid gland level but no major vessel injury. The stump of transected epiglottis accompanied by rupture of thyroid membrane was shown but the esophagus was intact. We sewed the amputated epiglottis with the rest of the epiglottis by using two Lambert sutures with vicryl 4-zero on each side under general anesthesia. There was no necrosis of the severed epiglottis, swallowing difficulty, and aspiration on eating food. We report here on the penetrating laceration with subtotal transection of epiglottis that was successfully repaired.


Subject(s)
Alcoholism , Amputation , Anesthesia, General , Deglutition , Eating , Epiglottis , Esophagus , Glycosaminoglycans , Lacerations , Membranes , Muscles , Neck , Necrosis , Polyglactin 910 , Rupture , Schizophrenia , Sutures , Thyroid Cartilage , Thyroid Gland , Unconsciousness
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