Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 127
Filter
1.
Ultrasonography ; : 129-135, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969245

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic role of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and analyze factors associated with false-negative FNAC results in patients with parathyroid incidentaloma who were referred for ultrasonography (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules. @*Methods@#In this study, 121 patients with suspected parathyroid lesions were enrolled. The patients underwent US-guided FNAC with measurements of washout parathyroid hormone (PTH) between January 2015 and May 2020. The diagnostic performance of FNAC for the diagnosis of parathyroid lesions was assessed using surgical results and elevated washout PTH as a reference standard. The clinical and radiologic features associated with false-negative results on FNAC for the diagnosis of parathyroid lesions were evaluated. @*Results@#Among the 121 nodules assessed, 38 were parathyroid lesions (31.4%), and 83 were non-parathyroid lesions (68.6%). The diagnostic performance of FNAC for parathyroid incidentaloma showed a sensitivity of 31.6% (12/38), specificity of 100% (83/83), positive predictive values of 100% (12/12), negative predictive values of 76.1% (83/109), and accuracy of 78.5% (95/121). The FNAC results of non-parathyroid lesions included thyroid nodules, lymph nodes, neurogenic tumors, and fat tissue. True-positive results on FNAC were significantly associated with performing FNA twice (58.3% vs. 23.1%, P=0.043). @*Conclusion@#Considering the low sensitivity of FNAC, measuring washout PTH in addition to FNAC may help accurately diagnose parathyroid incidentaloma on thyroid US. Further, the falsenegative rate for FNAC can be reduced by obtaining two or more FNA samples.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1028-1037, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002415

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the computed tomography (CT) features for diagnosing metastatic cervical lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and validate the CT-based risk stratification system suggested by the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS) guidelines. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 463 LNs from 399 patients with DTC who underwent preoperative CT staging and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration were included. The following CT features for each LN were evaluated: absence of hilum, cystic changes, calcification, strong enhancement, and heterogeneous enhancement. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent CT features associated with metastatic LNs, and their diagnostic performances were evaluated. LNs were classified into probably benign, indeterminate, and suspicious categories according to the K-TIRADS and the modified LN classification proposed in our study. The diagnostic performance of both classification systems was compared using the exact McNemar and Kosinski tests. @*Results@#The absence of hilum (odds ratio [OR], 4.859; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.593–14.823; P = 0.005), strong enhancement (OR, 28.755; 95% CI, 12.719–65.007; P < 0.001), and cystic changes (OR, 46.157; 95% CI, 5.07–420.234; P = 0.001) were independently associated with metastatic LNs. All LNs showing calcification were diagnosed as metastases. Heterogeneous enhancement did not show a significant independent association with metastatic LNs. Strong enhancement, calcification, and cystic changes showed moderate to high specificity (70.1%–100%) and positive predictive value (PPV) (91.8%–100%). The absence of the hilum showed high sensitivity (97.8%) but low specificity (34.0%). The modified LN classification, which excluded heterogeneous enhancement from the K-TIRADS, demonstrated higher specificity (70.1% vs. 62.9%, P = 0.016) and PPV (92.5% vs. 90.9%, P = 0.011) than the K-TIRADS. @*Conclusion@#Excluding heterogeneous enhancement as a suspicious feature resulted in a higher specificity and PPV for diagnosing metastatic LNs than the K-TIRADS. Our research results may provide a basis for revising the LN classification in future guidelines.

3.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 378-382, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002171

ABSTRACT

Epithelioid blue nevus (EBN) is a rare variant of blue nevus characterized by large polygonal pigmented melanocytes. As EBN was first described in patients with Carney complex, familial lentiginosis, and low-grade multi-organ neoplasia syndrome, sporadic cases without such clinical features have been reported and debated as having considerable histopathological overlap with animal-type melanoma. A 34-year-old male presented with a well-defined, 2.0-×1.8-cm-sized, dome-shaped, grayish mass on the anterior aspect of the left ankle. A complete surgical resection of the lesion was performed. Histopathological findings revealed a well-circumscribed round tumor in the reticular dermis. Heavily pigmented epithelioid melanocytes were admixed with the collagen bundles. The lesion was diagnosed as EBN. A follow-up period of 9 months showed no evidence of recurrence or metastasis.Here, we report a sporadic case of EBN, which is rare in the Korean population.

4.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 443-446, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002160

ABSTRACT

Pilomatricoma is a common benign tumor that originates from hair matrix cells. Bullous pilomatricoma (BP) is a rare variant that often occurs on the upper extremities. A 23-year-old male presented with a cyst on the left upper arm for 6 months. He received the BNT162b2 (Pfizer) mRNA COVID-19 vaccine in the same location approximately 6 months prior to presentation. The lesion appeared 1 week after inoculation and gradually enlarged.Physical examination revealed a 2.5-×2.0-cm-sized, pinkish cystic nodule on the left upper arm. The lesion was excised, and histopathological examination showed a well-circumscribed nodule composed of basophilic cells and eosinophilic shadow cells. Finally, the patient was diagnosed with BP. The exact cause of BP formation following vaccination is yet to be determined; however, this report presents the possibility of BP occurrence in individuals with chronic skin lesions at the site of vaccination.

5.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 226-232, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977207

ABSTRACT

Background@#Oral acitretin (ACT) has been approved for the treatment of psoriasis (PSO), whereas alitretinoin (ALI) has been prescribed off-label. Few studies have compared the efficacy of these two therapeutics. @*Objective@#To evaluate the clinical outcomes of oral ACT versus ALI for treating PSO. @*Methods@#Sixty-five patients diagnosed with PSO and treated with ACT or ALI were reviewed. Patient demographics, clinical efficacy, and adverse effects were evaluated. Treatment efficacy was assessed using physician’s global assessment (PGA) and psoriasis area and severity index (PASI). @*Results@#A total of 38 cases in the ACT group and 27 cases in the ALI group in PSO were retrospectively reviewed. No significant intergroup differences were noted in the proportion of patients achieving PGA score of “clear” or “almost clear” (18.42% vs. 22.22%; p=0.71). The reduction rate of PASI from baseline was higher in the ALI group (24.30% vs. 22.74%; p=0.68), while the rate of achieving 75% improvement in PASI was higher in the ACT group (18.42% vs. 14.81%; p=0.75); no significantly differences were noted. The ALI group had fewer adverse effects (6/27 [22.22%]) than the ACT group (10/38 [26.32%]), and no severe events occurred in either group. @*Conclusion@#ALI can be considered an off-label treatment option for a limited patient population.

6.
Annals of Dermatology ; : S55-S58, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976640

ABSTRACT

Fixed drug eruption (FDE) is a well-defined hyperpigmented patch that recurs in a fixed location each time a particular drug is taken. Common causative agents of FDE are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, non-narcotic analgesics, sedatives, anticonvulsants, sulfonamides, and tetracycline. We report a 33-year-old male who presented with a recurrent, localized, brownish-to-erythematous macule and papules on the peri-philtrum area two hours after taking valacyclovir. Three episodes of valacyclovir ingestion for treatment of Herpes simplex virus infection provoked a similar skin rash at the same site. Histopathology results showed vacuolar degeneration in the basal layer of the epidermis, pigmentary incontinence, and perivascular inflammatory cell infiltration in the papillary dermis. Although patch test and skin prick test showed negative responses to acyclovir and valacyclovir, an intradermal test showed a positive reaction only to valacyclovir. The oral provocation test to acyclovir and valacyclovir showed a positive reaction only to valacyclovir. Through drug history, histopathological examination, patch test, intradermal test, and oral provocation test, we established a final diagnosis of FDE due to valacyclovir without cross-reactivity to acyclovir. To find alternative therapeutic drugs, we suggest diagnostic tests with not only the suspected drugs, but also other drugs in the same class.

7.
Annals of Dermatology ; : S71-S75, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976639

ABSTRACT

Primary localized cutaneous amyloidosis (PLCA) is characterized by extracellular deposition of pathological fibril aggregation of proteins in the skin without systemic involvement.Macular amyloidosis, lichen (papular) amyloidosis, and nodular amyloidosis are three different subtypes of PLCA. Although the pathological mechanism of PLCA has not yet been clarified, it is assumed that a nucleus formation of amyloid fibril is formed due to repeated external stimulation, such as subcutaneous injection, which often poses diagnostic challenges. Herein, we present a 54-year-old Korean male patient with cutaneous localized amyloidosis which occurred after repeated local insulin injections, and discuss the relationship between insulin therapy in patients with diabetes mellitus and dermal amyloid deposition.

8.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 254-257, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926635

ABSTRACT

Cutaneous metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) present as rapidly growing erythematous or purple-round nodules. An 88-year-old male presented with a solitary, deep-seated firm mass on his left forearm that had persisted for 3 years. Ultrasonography revealed an hypervascular mass with rich vessels. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 1.6×1.6×3.3 cm sized, high T2-weighted signal intensity mass at brachioradialis muscle. Histopathologic examination revealed cells with atypical, pleomorphic, oval to spindle-shaped nuclei, and clear cytoplasm with an alveolar pattern within an unencapsulated, lobulated mass. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the tumor cells were positive for PAX8, CD10, epithelial membrane antigen, and vimentin. Ultrasonography of the urinary tract revealed a lesion suspected to be RCC, which was thought to be the primary tumor. As our patient showed peculiar clinical symptoms and the primary tumor was later diagnosed as a metastatic lesion inversely, we report a rare case of metastatic RCC with an intramuscular mass on the forearm.

9.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 312-322, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924934

ABSTRACT

Background@#Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease is an entity that can involve the thyroid gland. The spectrum of IgG4-related thyroid disease (IgG4-RTD) includes Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and its fibrotic variant, Riedel thyroiditis, as well as Graves’ disease. The early diagnosis of IgG4-RTD is important because it is a medically treatable disease, and a delay in the diagnosis might result in unnecessary surgery. We present a case series of IgG4-RTD with a review of the literature. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical presentation and the radiological and pathological findings of patients diagnosed with IgG4-RTD between 2017 and 2021 at a tertiary medical center in Korea. We also conducted a literature review of IgG4-RTD. @*Results@#Five patients were diagnosed with IgG4-RTD during the study period. The patients’ age ranged from 31 to 76 years, and three patients were men. Most patients visited the clinic for a neck mass, and hypoechogenic nodular lesions were observed on neck ultrasonography. Three patients had IgG4 HT, and two patients had IgG4 Riedel thyroiditis. All patients developed hypothyroidism that necessitated L-thyroxine replacement. The diagnosis of IgG4-RTD was confirmed after a pathological examination of the surgical specimen in the first two cases. However, the early diagnosis was possible after a core needle biopsy in three clinically suspected patients. @*Conclusion@#The diagnosis of IgG4-RTD requires clinical suspicion combined with serology and histological analyses using IgG4 immunostaining. The early diagnosis of IgG4-RTD is difficult; thus, biopsy with IgG4 immunostaining and serum IgG4 measurements will help diagnose patients suspected of having IgG4-RTD.

10.
Ultrasonography ; : 434-443, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939273

ABSTRACT

Although differentiated thyroid cancer has an excellent prognosis and low mortality, its recurrence rate has been reported to be very high. While surgery is recommended as the standard treatment for recurrent thyroid cancer, reoperation may increase the incidence of complications due to fibrosis and anatomical distortion. In patients with high surgical risk or those who refuse repeated surgery, ultrasonography-guided ablation techniques including radiofrequency ablation, ethanol ablation, and laser ablation are suggested as alternative treatments. In this manuscript, we introduce an anatomy-based management concept for radiofrequency ablation for recurrent thyroid cancer, and present a review of the relevant literature, including indications, basic techniques, clinical outcomes, and complications.

11.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 641-651, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920258

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Upon operation of the tongue base for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), the lingual artery and the hypoglossal nerve are put at risk of injury, resulting in fatal complications such as massive bleeding upon damage. We studied the course of lingual artery in its relation with the tongue in OSAS patients and compared it with the age-and- gender-matched normal population.Subjects and Method Korean male patients confirmed with OSAS by polysomnography, including those who had contrast-enhanced computed tomography (ceCT) of the head and neck, were defined as “OSAS group.” Patients who had their ceCT image during the same study period were defined as the “control group.” The control group was paired with the OSAS group by age and sex. By using foramen cecum (FC) as the main reference point, four reference marks were defined. For each reference point, the distance between both lingual arteries and the depth of the lingual artery from the lingual surface of the tongue were evaluated. @*Results@#The depth of the lingual artery from the lingual surface of the tongue in the OSAS group (25.1±8.6 mm) was significantly different from the control (29.5±5.9 mm) at 1 cm anterior to the FC level (p<0.014). The width of both lingual arteries was narrower in the OSAS group (20.9±2.9) than in the control (24.3±6.1) at the FC level (p<0.003). @*Conclusion@#The course of lingual artery and its spatial relation with the tongue in Korean male OSAS patients differs from the matched normal population.

12.
Ultrasonography ; : 378-386, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919523

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We evaluated the use of three criteria to determine the need for additional treatment of cystic thyroid nodules after their recurrence following ethanol ablation (EA). @*Methods@#In total, 154 patients (male:female=30:124; mean age, 53.4 years; range, 23 to 79 years) with 154 thyroid nodules (49 cystic and 105 predominantly cystic nodules) who presented between January 2014 and August 2017 were enrolled. All patients underwent follow-up ultrasonography (US) 1 month after EA, and were divided into therapeutic success and failure groups. Therapeutic success was defined as the absence of any residual fluid or sufficient volume reduction (≥50%) with improvement of nodule-related symptoms. The therapeutic failure was defined according to three previously suggested criteria for recommending additional treatment: nodules with ≥1 mL of remnant fluid (criterion 1), volume reduction <50% (criterion 2), and demonstration of a solid component with vascularity (criterion 3). @*Results@#Thyroid nodules treated by EA showed significant volume reduction (18.4±21.6 mL to 4.2±6.5 mL [1-month follow-up] to 1.9±3.3 mL [final follow-up], P<0.001) and improvement in clinical problems. Therapeutic failure were 26 patients according to criteria 1, 14 patients according to criteria 2, and 35 patients according to criteria 3. Additional treatment was unnecessary in 81.3%, 70.0%, and 77.8% of patients deemed to need it according to criteria 1, 2, and 3, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The choice to perform additional treatment after EA should be made according to a combination of clinical problems and US features. Understanding this concept will be useful in planning further treatment following US-guided EA.

13.
Ultrasonography ; : 256-264, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919493

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Thermal ablation is a novel treatment alternative for benign thyroid nodules, and one of the most promising thermal ablation techniques is radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Considering the increasing use of thyroid RFA, some scientific societies have proposed clinical practice guidelines. We systemically reviewed and compared these guidelines for thyroid RFA to identify a standard treatment strategy that represents the positions of most societies. @*Methods@#We searched the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for studies with human participants that were published in English between January 1, 2000 and August 2, 2019. Studies containing clinical practice guidelines for the RFA of benign thyroid nodules were included. We extracted data regarding indications, pre- and post-procedural evaluations, treatment techniques, and the need to obtain informed consent. @*Results@#Of the 83 studies found, four studies were included, and one study was added after searching the bibliographies of those articles. The five included studies were guidelines developed by the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology, a group of experts from Italian scientific societies, the Italian Working Group on Minimally Invasive Treatments of the Thyroid, the United Kingdom’s National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, and a group of four professional Austrian thyroid associations. Indications, pre- and post-procedural evaluations, and techniques were similar across studies; however, differences in each of these categories were found. @*Conclusion@#While the reviewed guidelines are similar with regard to major categories, international guidelines for the RFA of benign thyroid nodules should be established in the future.

14.
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery ; : 21-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918475

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the condylar morphology and position of Koreans using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. Analyzing the mean values of this study with reference to left and right sides, gender, and age will help to understand the size of the condyle and glenoid fossa, condylar morphology, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) symmetry for establishing the standard temporomandibular joint structures of Koreans and then design the standard temporomandibular joint prosthesis for Koreans. @*Results@#There was no significant result in the condyle size, condyle axis angle, joint space, fossa depth, and mandibular body size between the left and right sides (p > 0.05). On the other hand, the mediolateral width of the condyle and mandibular body size show significantly different with the gender (P < 0.05). Also, significant differences were found in condyle size, joint space, fossa depth, and mandibular body size according to age groups (P < 0.05). @*Conclusions@#Condylar position and morphology vary according to side, age, and gender. The results of this study are expected to help in customizing a treatment for the patients who need TMJ reconstruction by predicting the TMJ morphology according to age and gender and design the standard temporomandibular joint prosthesis for the Koreans.

15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1875-1885, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918211

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Central nervous system involvement in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been increasingly reported. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the incidence of radiologically demonstrated neurologic complications and detailed neuroimaging findings associated with COVID-19. @*Materials and Methods@#A systematic literature search of MEDLINE/PubMed and EMBASE databases was performed up to September 17, 2020, and studies evaluating neuroimaging findings of COVID-19 using brain CT or MRI were included. Several cohort-based outcomes, including the proportion of patients with abnormal neuroimaging findings related to COVID-19 were evaluated. The proportion of patients showing specific neuroimaging findings was also assessed. Subgroup analyses were also conducted focusing on critically ill COVID-19 patients and results from studies that used MRI as the only imaging modality. @*Results@#A total of 1394 COVID-19 patients who underwent neuroimaging from 17 studies were included; among them, 3.4% of the patients demonstrated COVID-19-related neuroimaging findings. Olfactory bulb abnormalities were the most commonly observed (23.1%). The predominant cerebral neuroimaging finding was white matter abnormality (17.6%), followed by acute/subacute ischemic infarction (16.0%), and encephalopathy (13.0%). Significantly more critically ill patients had COVID-19-related neuroimaging findings than other patients (9.1% vs. 1.6%; p = 0.029). The type of imaging modality used did not significantly affect the proportion of COVID-19-related neuroimaging findings. @*Conclusion@#Abnormal neuroimaging findings were occasionally observed in COVID-19 patients. Olfactory bulb abnormalities were the most commonly observed finding. Critically ill patients showed abnormal neuroimaging findings more frequently than the other patient groups. White matter abnormalities, ischemic infarctions, and encephalopathies were the common cerebral neuroimaging findings.

16.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 749-760, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917626

ABSTRACT

Background@#Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. Some studies have demonstrated a relationship of psoriasis with vitamin D (Vit D) deficiency or serum lipid levels. @*Objective@#We aimed to compare serum levels of Vit D and lipids in patients with active psoriasis and control subjects. Additionally, we analyzed the relationship of disease severity with serum Vit D and lipid levels. @*Methods@#A total of 243 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Statistical data were evaluated, and the values were considered significant at p<0.05. @*Results@#Statistically significant difference in Vit D levels between the psoriasis (n=117) and the control groups (n=126) was not found. In addition, an association between Vit D levels and the disease severity, using the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) was not observed. The proportion of overweight patients (body mass index [BMI]≥ 23 kg/m2 ) was higher in the psoriasis group than in the control group, and there was a significant relationship between the increase in PASI and the serum triglycerides (TG) levels (p<0.05). @*Conclusion@#The psoriasis and control groups did not show a statistical difference in serum Vit D levels. In the subgroup analysis of cases with normal BMI, excluding the underlying disease, no significant difference in Vit D levels between the two groups was observed. However, the association of psoriasis with factors, such as BMI and TG, was found to be significant; hence, these could be therapeutic targets in patients with psoriasis to improve their quality of life. Controlled and well-designed studies are required in the future.

17.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 785-792, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917622

ABSTRACT

Background@#Cosmetic units are designated based on their similarity in topographic anatomy, texture and color, solar exposure, hair density, and sebaceous features. The difference of such features in facial port-wine stain (PWS) cases can affect the response to pulsed dye laser (PDL) treatment. @*Objective@#To evaluate the response of facial PWS to PDL treatment based on the underlying cosmetic units. @*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted on 18 patients with facial PWS who received PDL treatment. For clinical assessment, three dermatologists evaluated the photographs taken before each treatment session. The response grade was assigned according to the quartile grading scale. The lesion was classified based on the underlying cosmetic units. @*Results@#The cheek was the most (50%) commonly involved area. All PWS (6/6) confined to one cosmetic unit showed a marked improvement compared with 16% PWS (2/12) affecting two or more units (p<0.05). Patients with PWS within one cosmetic unit required fewer treatment sessions to achieve marked improvement. @*Conclusion@#PWS confined to a single cosmetic unit than that located in two or more units responded better to PDL treatment. Before PDL treatment for facial PWS, age, initial lesion size, as well as the number of cosmetic units affected by the lesion should be considered.

18.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 797-800, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917620

ABSTRACT

Granuloma annulare (GA) is a common non-infectious granulomatous disease. Generalized GA is the second most common variant of GA. It is often associated with recalcitrant disease progression despite treatment. The lesion of generalized GA typically presents widespread papules that coalesce to form annular plaques over the whole body.We report a case of a patient with disseminated papules and coalescing annular plaques, primarily involving the intertriginous area and mimicking tinea corporis or cruris. Histopathological findings confirmed the lesion as GA. This case underscored the unusual clinical presentation of generalized GA. A case of GA localized to the intertriginous area has rarely been reported. Given the recalcitrant nature of the disease, dermatologists should consider generalized GA as a differential diagnosis in patients with an annular lesion involving the intertriginous area. Thus, we report this as an atypical case of generalized GA localized to the intertriginous area.

19.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 582-583, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913445

ABSTRACT

no abstract available.

20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1579-1586, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894800

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the modified Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS), and compare it with the 2016 version of K-TIRADS using the Thyroid Imaging Network of Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#Between June and September 2015, 5708 thyroid nodules (≥ 1.0 cm) from 5081 consecutive patients who had undergone thyroid ultrasonography at 26 institutions were retrospectively evaluated. We used a biopsy size threshold of 2 cm for K-TIRADS 3 and 1 cm for K-TIRADS 4 (modified K-TIRADS 1) or 1.5 cm for K-TIRADS 4 (modified K-TIRADS 3). The modified K-TIRADS 2 subcategorized the K-TIRADS 4 into 4A and 4B, and the cutoff sizes for the biopsies were defined as 1 cm for K-TIRADS 4B and 1.5 cm for K-TIRADS 4A. The diagnostic performance and the rate of unnecessary biopsies of the modified K-TIRADS for detecting malignancy were compared with those of the 2016 K-TIRAD, which were stratified by nodule size (with a threshold of 2 cm). @*Results@#A total of 1111 malignant nodules and 4597 benign nodules were included. The sensitivity, specificity, and unnecessary biopsy rate of the benign nodules were 94.9%, 24.4%, and 60.9% for the 2016 K-TIRADS; 91.0%, 39.7%, and 48.6% for the modified K-TIRADS 1; 84.9%, 45.9%, and 43.5% for the modified K-TIRADS 2; and 76.1%, 50.2%, and 40.1% for the modified K-TIRADS 3. For small nodules (1–2 cm), the diagnostic sensitivity of the modified K-TIRADS decreased by 5.2–25.6% and the rate of unnecessary biopsies reduced by 19.2–32.8% compared with those of the 2016 K-TIRADS (p 2 cm), the modified K-TIRADSs maintained a very high sensitivity for detecting malignancy (98%). @*Conclusion@#The modified K-TIRADSs significantly reduced the rate of unnecessary biopsies for small (1–2 cm) nodules while maintaining a very high sensitivity for malignancy for large (> 2 cm) nodules.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL