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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 184-187, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862566

ABSTRACT

As one of the tyrosine kinase receptors, Axl is an important downstream regulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and can bind to its ligand Gas6 protein. By activating the downstream signal transduction pathways, Axl is closely associated with vascular invasion, tumor metastasis, recurrence, and low survival rate of hepatocellular carcinoma. Current studies on the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway have confirmed that Axl inhibitors play an important role in the treatment of liver cancer and the Gas6/Axl signaling pathway may be a potential therapeutic target for liver cancer. This article mainly introduces the association of Axl and its ligand Gas6 with the development and progression of liver cancer and their application in the diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer, in order to provide new ideas for the early diagnosis of liver cancer and clinical research on anti-cancer treatment.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 69-72, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of workplace social capital on health productivity of enterprise employees. METHODS: A total of 3 240 employees from different industries in Pudong New District, Shanghai City were selected as the research subjects using the stratified random sampling method. Workplace Social Capital Scale and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire: General Health were used to investigate the current status of workplace social capital and health productivity. RESULTS: The average workplace social capital score of employees was 3.9±0.6, and the detection rate of those with low workplace social capital was 37.3%(1 207/3 240). The detection rate of health productivity loss was 40.2%(1 303/3 240). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the risk of health productivity loss increased in those employees with low workplace social capital(P<0.01) after excluding the influence of confounding factors such as gender, age, length of service, marital status, education level, job requirements, personal monthly income, type of enterprise, excessive drinking and irregular exercise. The odds ratio and 95% confidence interval was 1.427(1.225-1.662). CONCLUSION: Low social capital of employees in workplace can lead to impaired health productivity. Workplace health management can be carried out from the perspective of improving social capital of employees to improve their health productivity.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880693

ABSTRACT

Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) can effectively inhibit the growth of EGFR-dependent mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Unfortunately, NSCLC patients often develop severe drug resistance after long-term EGFR-TKI treatment. Studies have shown that the disorder of energy metabolism in tumor cells can induce EGFR-TKI resistance. Due to the drug action, gene mutation and other factors, tumor cells undergo metabolic reprogramming, which increases the metabolic rate and intensity of tumor cells, promotes the intake and synthesis of nutrients (such as sugar, fat and glutamine), forms a microenvironment conducive to tumor growth, enhances the bypass activation, phenotype transformation and abnormal proliferation of tumor cells, and inhibits the activity of immune cells and apoptosis of tumor cells, ultimately leading to drug resistance of tumor cells to EGFR-TKI. Therefore, targeting energy metabolism of NSCLC may be a potential way to alleviate TKI resistance.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Epidermal Growth Factor , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Tumor Microenvironment
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880164

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the causes, treatment options and outcomes of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients with splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT).@*METHODS@#The clinical diagnosis, treatment and outcomes data of one 26-year-old male ITP patient with SVT as initial manifestation were collected. The possible causes and treatment options of the patients were discussed through literatures review.@*RESULTS@#The result of blood routine tests of the patient showed that Plt(17-38)×10@*CONCLUSION@#ITP combined with large scale of SVT is rare, and it is difficult to cure. It should be pay more attention to the possible thrombosis risk triggered by a transiently increased EOS in the blood stream. Promptly etiological treatment and the balance between anticoagulant therapy and bleeding risks should be taken in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Humans , Male , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/complications , Splanchnic Circulation , Venous Thrombosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880163

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors in children with chronicity immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), and to provide basis for judging the prognosis and treatment in children with ITP.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of children with ITP admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University in the past 5 years were retrospectively analyzed and followed up for more than 1 year. According to the inclusion criteria, the eligible cases (328 cases in total) were selected and collected through medical record system retrieval, outpatient clinic and telephone follow-up. Independent influencing factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP were obtained through single-factor and multi-factor logistic analysis, and their predictive value for the prognosis of ITP in children were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Of 328 children with ITP, 208 were newly diagnosed with ITP (64%), 54 were persistent ITP (16%), 66 were chronic ITP (20%), and the remission rate within 1 year was 79.9%. The results of univariate analysis showed that, age, pre-morbidity history of infection and vaccination, antinuclear antibodies, initial absolute lymphocyte count(ALC) and treatment options were related to the prognosis of the children (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the history of infection and vaccination before onset, initial treatment options, and ALC at the time of initial diagnosis were independent factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP (P<0.05). The time for platelet recovery to 100×10@*CONCLUSION@#The initial treatment plan combined with IVIG can reduce the occurrence of chronicity in children with ITP, and its efficacy is better than that of the single corticosteroids group (the platelet recovery time is shorter); history of preceding infection or vaccination, ALC at the time of initial diagnosis are independent factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP, and the combination of the two shows a better predictive value for the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Prognosis , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880089

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of GPT2(glutamic pyruvate transaminase 2)to biological characteristics of human acute myeloid leukemia cell line HL-60.@*METHODS@#The expression of GPT2 in hematological tumor and AML cell was detected. The lentvirus-mediated of short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) was constricted, and the knock-down efficiency of HL-60 in AML cell after infected by lentvirus-mediated was detected by Western blot and Q-PCR. CCK-8 assay and soft agar colony formation assay were used to detect the effect of GPT2 gene deletion to the cell proliferation potential. Fluorescence activated cell sorting(FACS) was used to analyze the effect of gene deletion to the cell cycle and Caspase 3/7 Activity Assay Kit was used to analyze the effect of GPT2 gene deletion to the cell apoptosis.@*RESULTS@#GPT2 showed mRNA high expression in AML patients. CCK-8, soft agar assay, and Caspase 3/7 Activity Assay Kit results showed that compared with shCtrl group, the cells in shGPT2-1、shGPT2-2、shGPT2-3 group showed the slowing down on proliferation, decreasing on colony ability, and the apoptosis of the cells was increasing significantly. FACS showed that GPT2 gene was related to the cycle of HL-60 cell.@*CONCLUSION@#GPT2 appears to involve the proliferation, cycle distribution and apoptosis of AML cell HL-60. The deletion of GPT gene can lead to the inhibitation of cells proliferation and increase apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Pyruvates , Transaminases
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879119

ABSTRACT

Classical Chinese patent medicines(CPMs) are a kind of modern preparation developed from the experience of compatibility and application about ancient prescriptions. Its rich history of human use and reliable clinical efficacy imply the unique theoretical essence and precious value of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). With the development of evidence-based medicine and the improvement of medical policy, it is particularly urgent to evaluate the clinical values of post-marketing classical CPMs. In this paper, some problems on the clinical value evaluation of CPMs would be described, and it is considered that the simplified evaluation procedures can lead to the lack of evidence for evaluating clinical value of CPMs, causing the difficulty in evaluating the quality of CPM, lack of R&D motivation of enterprises, low content of science and technology, and poor international development. Based on this background, it points out that the clinical value evaluation is the core of the post-marketing evaluation of the classical CPMs, and the eva-luation should be based on the direction of literature research and the latest practice. We should adhere to the research mode of combination disease with syndrome, and select the appropriate type of trials, with clinical efficacy, health economic benefits and safety eva-luation as the main content of the studies, in order to refine the indications and standardize the clinical positioning. Clinical value eva-luation is the basis and main content of post-marketing comprehensive researches on classic and famous CPMs to clarify their clinical value, obtain the conditions for continued marketingand standardize their clinical application, so as to optimize the evidence and quality service of classic and famous CPMs and inherit the core value concept of Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Marketing , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878726

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of dexmedetomidine(Dex)on sevoflurane-induced cognitive impairment in neonatal rats through Wnt signaling pathway. Methods Sixty 7-day-old SD rats were assigned into five groups:control group(without any intervention),Dex group(intraperitoneal injection of 25 μg/kg Dex),sevoflurane group(3% sevoflurane treatment for 4 hours),sevoflurane+Dex group(inhalation of 3% sevoflurane after injection of 25 μg/kg Dex for 4 hours),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(Wnt inhibitor XAV393 and 25 μg/kg Dex were injected and 3% sevoflurane was inhaled for 4 hours).Three weeks later,Morris water maze was used to detect the cognitive function;TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL)staining was performed to detect the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons;neuronal nuclei (NeuN) staining was conducted to detect the survival of hippocampal neurons;Western blot was carried out to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins.The expression of the factors involved in Wnt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway was detected by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction,and Western blot. Results Compared with the control group,there was no significant difference in the escape latency of Dex group(t=0.304,P=0.768);the escape latency in sevoflurane group(t=5.823,P=0.002),sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.188,P=0.010),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=5.784,P=0.002)was significantly prolonged.Compared with that in the sevoflurane group,the escape latency in sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.646,P=0.005)was significantly shortened.Compared with that in sevoflurane+Dex group,the escape latency in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=3.296,P=0.008)was prolonged.Compared with that in the control group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane group(t=5.179, P=0.004),sevoflurane+Dex group(t=2.309,P=0.043),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=3.871, P=0.003)decreased.Compared with that in sevoflurane group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.296,P=0.008)significantly increased.Compared with that in sevoflurane+Dex group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=2.361, P=0.041)reduced.Compared with the control group,there was no significant difference in the number of apoptotic cells in Dex group(t=1.920,P=0.127),and the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane group,sevoflurane+Dex group,and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group increased by 16%(t=13.436,P=0.002),5%(t=7.752, P=0.001),and 11.5%(t=12.612,P=0.002),respectively.Compared with that in the sevoflurane group,the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane+Dex group and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group decreased by 11%(t=8.521,P=0.002)and 5.5%(t=3.123,P=0.036),respectively.Compared with that in the sevoflurane+Dex group,the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group increased by 6.5%(t=6.250,P=0.003).Compared with that in the control group,the number of positive cells in 0.15 mm


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Cognitive Dysfunction/chemically induced , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sevoflurane/toxicity , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1249-1259, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878628

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of growth hormone (GH) gene on skeletal muscle cell proliferation of Guizhou cattle. The coding sequence of cattle GH gene was amplified by reverse transcription PCR, cloned into the pUCM-T vector and then used to construct the GH gene overexpression vector pEGFP-N3-GH. The expression of the GH gene in skeletal muscle-related tissues (psoas major and longissimus dorsi) of Guizhou cattle was determined by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). This was followed by culturing and identification of the bovine primary skeletal muscle cells. Subsequently, we introduced the GH gene overexpression vector into the cells to investigate its effect on the proliferation of bovine skeletal muscle cells and the expression of insulin like growth factor 1 and 2 genes related to skeletal muscle growth and development. RT-qPCR results showed that the expression level of GH gene was higher in the psoas major than in the longissimus dorsi of Guizhou cattle, and the expression level in the psoas major of Guanling cattle and Weining cattle was significantly higher than in the longissimus dorsi (P<0.05). The transfection and proliferation results showed that pEGFP-N3-GH significantly increased the expression of GH, IGF-1, and IGF-2 genes in skeletal muscle cells compared to pEGFP-N3 (PP<0.05), and that overexpression of the GH gene also significantly increased the proliferation rate of skeletal muscle cells at the four periods examined (PP<0.01). Our results suggest that GH gene can promote the proliferation of skeletal muscle cells of Guizhou cattle and exerts a positive regulatory effect. This lays the foundation for further exploring the mechanism by which the GH gene affects the growth and development of Guizhou cattle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cell Proliferation , Cloning, Molecular , Growth Hormone/genetics , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/genetics , Muscle, Skeletal
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873557

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the association between global epidemic of COVID-19 and local situation of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai, and then to predict the risk of imported COVID-19 epidemic from December 2020 through March 2021. Methods A retrospective analysis on the imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai was conducted. The correlation between global and country-specific confirmed COVID-19 cases(weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population)and imported cases(weekly reported)in Shanghai was determined. Compared to the risk in November 2020, country-specific risk of imported cases to Shanghai was assessed to calculate the possible number of imported case in the near future using SEIR model. Results The number of imported case of COVID-19 from abroad to Shanghai increased along with the global epidemic, with several peaks accordingly. However, the imported cases did not accumulate, as potential epidemic has been always effectively contained through timely implementation of prevention and control measures. The number of weekly imported cases in Shanghai was significantly correlated with the number of global weekly confirmed cases per 100 000 population(rSpearman = 0.349, P = 0.029), and also correlated with weekly reported cases in certain countries(P < 0.05), such as the UK and France. Using the number of imported cases from abroad to Shanghai in November as baseline, the estimated monthly number of imported cases in Shanghai might increase in the following four months. Conclusion The risk of imported COVID-19 cases from abroad to Shanghai may increase in the near future. Prediction of imported case would provide scientific evidence for optimizing prevention and control measures and reserving medical resources for the imported epidemic.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and security of posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy (PPECD) in the treatment of single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification.@*METHODS@#Twenty three patients with single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification were treated by posterior percutaneous endoscopic cervical discectomy between August 2017 and July 2019. There were 16 males and 7 females, aged from 29 to 74 years old with an average of (50±13) years.The disease duration were 3 to 120 months with a median of 6 months. There were 9 cases of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy, 6 cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy, and 8 cases of mixed cervical spondylopathy. According to the characteristics of ossification, 17 cases were osteophytes on the posterior edge of the vertebral body;3 cases were protrusion ossification;3 cases were posterior longitudinal ligament ossification. According to the position of ossification in spinal canal, 14 cases were medial and lateral type, 5 cases were central type, and 4 cases were mixed type. Posterior percutaneous cervical endoscopic cervical discectomy in patients performed by the same surgeon. Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analogue scale(VAS) were compared separately before and after operation. At 3 months after operation, clinical effect was assessed according to modified Macnab standard.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful. The operative time was 30 to 155 (69.1±27.2) min. The bedridden time was 2 to 3(3.0±0.9) h, length of postoperative hospitalization was 2 to 7(4.1± 1.5) d. Three dimensional CT reconstruction of the cervical spine at 3 days after operation showed that ossified tissue of 13 cases were completely removed, and 10 cases were left after operation, and the residual was located at the posterior edge and/or center of the upper vertebral body. VAS score at discharge from hospital was significantly lower than that before operation (@*CONCLUSION@#For an experienced surgeon, percutaneous posterior cervical endoscopic discectomy is safe and reliable in treating single level cervical spondylopathy with intraspinal ossification, and can obtain good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Diskectomy, Percutaneous , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Osteogenesis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 143-146, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777816

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the effect of modified Ahmed drainage valve implantation combined conbercept in the treatment of neovascular glaucoma.<p>METHODS: Neovascular glaucoma patients(59 cases, 60 eyes)were separated into experiment group(20 cases, 21 eyes)and control group(39 cases, 39 eyes)in our hospital from 2015 to 2018. Patients in the experiment group received Ahmed drainage valve implantation and intravitreal conbercept injection while patients in the control group were treated with ciliarybody photocoagulation. The visual acuity, intraocular pressure and iris neovessels were observed in 3mo after operation.<p>RESULTS: There was no significantly difference in the preoperative data between the two groups and both of them can decrease intraocular pressure(<i>P</i><0.05). The intraocular pressure of experiment group was significantly lower than that of control group in 1wk, 1mo and 3mo after treatment(all <i>P</i><0.05). The iris neovessels disappeared in experiment group, which was significantly different from that in control group(<i>Z</i>=2.74,<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: Modified Ahmed drainage valve implantation combined with intravitreal conbercept injection can effectively decrease the intraocular pressure for a long time and make the iris neovessels vanish.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867607

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the specific chest computed tomography(CT) features of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to evaluate its clinical diagnostic value.Methods:The clinical data of 35 cases with suspected COVID-19 from Shanghai Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Shanghai East Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University from January 1 to February 14, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 17 cases with positive results of two times of real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) were evaluated as the case group, and the remaining 18 cases with negative results of two times of RT-PCR for 2019-nCoV were evaluated as the control group. The features of chest CT images of 35 cases were obtained. The frequencies of four CT imaging indicators including ground glass opacities (GGO), crazy paving, heterogeneous consolidation and mutiple subpleural lesions were analyzed. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for COVID-19 were calculated.Results:In the case group, there were 11 cases with GGO, seven cases with crazy paving, six cases with heterogeneous consolidation, and 16 cases with mutiple subpleural lesions, while in the control group, there were seven cases with GGO, one case with crazy paving, six cases with heterogeneous consolidation, and five cases with mutiple subpleural lesions. When multiple subpleural lesions or any two of the CT imaging indicators were used as the characteristic indicators, the diagnosis efficiencies were better, with the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and Youden index of 94.12%, 72.22%, 76.19%, 98.86% and 0.66, respectively, and 88.24%, 77.78%, 78.95%, 87.50% and 0.66, respectively.Conclusions:Chest CT indictors are of high clinical diagnostic value for COVID-19. Any two of the four CT indicators (GGO, crazy paving, heterogeneous consolidation and mutiple subpleural lesions) or the single characteristics (mutiple subpleural lesions) are of high diagnostic efficacy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) on CD34 - orbital fibroblasts (OFs) in patients with Graves ophthalmopathy (GO), and to explore the pathogenesis of GO. Methods:Orbital adipose connective tissue and lacrimal gland tissue of 5 patients with GO were collected during orbital decompression surgery.These tissue was cultured by tissue explant culture method.CD34 - OFs were enriched by immunomagnetic beads after passage and expansion.The cultured cells were divided into transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) group, TGF-β+ 10 ng/ml IL-17A group, TGF-β+ 100 ng/ml IL-17A group, TGF-β+ 1 ng/ml IFN-γ group and TGF-β+ 5 ng/ml IFN-γ group.The fibrosis of the cells was induced with 5 ng/ml TGF-β and then was treated with different concentrations of IL-17A or IFN-γ according to grouping.The expression of fibronectin, collagen type Ⅰ, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and tissue metalloproteinase inhibitor-1 (TIMP-1) in CD34 - OFs derived from both orbital adipose connective tissue and lacrimal gland tissue were detected by Western blot.This study protocol was approved by an Ethic Committee of Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital (SH9H-2020-TK195-1) and written informed consent was obtained from each patient. Results:For CD34 - OFs derived from orbital adipose connective tissue, the relative expressions of fibronectin, type Ⅰ collagen, α-SMA and TIMP-1 protein were significantly higher in the TGF-β+ 100 ng/ml IL-17A group than those in the TGF-β group and TGF-β+ 10 ng/ml IL-17A group (all at P<0.05); the relative expressions of fibronectin, type Ⅰ collagen and α-SMA in the cells in the TGF-β+ 5 ng/ml IFN-γ group were significantly lower than those in the TGF-β group and the TGF-β+ 1 ng/ml IFN-γ group (all at P<0.05). For CD34 - OFs derived from lacrimal gland, the relative expressions of fibronectin, type Ⅰ collagen, α-SMA and TIMP-1 protein in the TGF-β+ 100 ng/ml IL-17A group were significantly higher than those in the TGF-β group and the TGF-β+ 10 ng/ml IL-17A group (all at P<0.05); the relative expressions of fibronectin, type Ⅰ collagen and TIMP-1 protein in the TGF-β+ 1 ng/ml IFN-γ group were significantly higher than those in the TGF-β group and TGF-β+ 5 ng/ml IFN-γ group, and the relative expression of α-SMA protein was significantly higher than that in the TGF-β+ 5 ng/ml IFN-γ group (all at P<0.05). Conclusions:High level of IL-17A can promote the fibrosis of TGF-β-induced CD34 - OFs, and high level of IFN-γ inhibits the fibrosis of TGF-β-induced CD34 - OFs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862527

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the nutritional value of yeast protein, and to provide laboratory evidence for its application in the field of food and health food. Methods The amino acids content of yeast protein, soybean protein, whey protein and mixed protein was detected. Five nutritional evaluation methods, including amino acid score, ratio of total essential amino acid, ratio coefficient of amino acid, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and equally weighted gray correlation analysis were used to evaluate the protein quality. The protein efficacy test of the four proteins was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats to compare their nutritional value in vivo. Results The results showed that yeast protein was rich in essential amino acids, accounting for 47.58% of the total amino acids, and the ratio of essential amino acids to non-essential amino acids reached 0.91. Five nutritional evaluation methods all revealed that the yeast protein was an excellent protein in quality. The results of the protein efficacy test showed that yeast protein was able to promote the growth and development of the animals, and keep them in good nutritional condition, which was similar to whey protein, soy protein, and casein. The mixed protein had the highest corrected efficiency ratio among all the proteins tested in this study, possibly because the mixed ingredients made the amino acids complementary and thus had higher nutritional value. Conclusion Yeast protein can be used as a useful supplement to plant-derived and animal-derived protein products.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 332-335, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780611

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the repairment of wound by using soft contact lenses and rb-bFGF eye drops after deep foreign body removal.<p>METHODS: Patients with deep corneal foreign body(72 cases, 72 eyes)were randomly separated into three groups and received surgery to remove the foreign bodys. Patients in group C only accepted levofloxacin eye drops and ofloxacin eye ointment while patients in group A wore soft contact lenses and group B received rb-bFGF eye drops as an extra after operation. The corneal irritation and pain(1, 3, 5d), wound healing(1wk)and relevant factors in visual acuity impairment(1mo)were observed after deep foreign body removal.<p>RESULTS: Corneal irritation and pain scores in group A were significantly lower than that in the other two groups at 1, 3 and 5d after operation. Patients felt less painful in group B than group C at 3 and 5d. Corneal wound healing in groups A and B was significantly higher than group C at 1wk after surgery(<i>P</i>>0.05). The closer corneal foreign body was to the pupil area, the more vision was affected after 1mo operation(<i>r</i>s=0.635, <i>P</i><0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Soft contact lenses can effectively alleviate eye irritation after deep corneal foreign body removal in early time. Both SCL and rb-bFGF eye drops can accelerate the recovery of corneal wounds. Visual acuity impairment was closely related to the location of foreign body in deep corneal.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843210

ABSTRACT

Objective : To investigate the expression and clinical significance of α1-antitrypsin (α1-AT) in tears of thyroid-associated ophthal-mopathy (TAO) patients. Methods ¡¤ Patients diagnosed with TAO at Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January to December 2019 were included and divided into active TAO group (n=33) and inactive TAO group (n=22). Thirty eyes of 30 healthy volunteers were included (n=30). Unstimulated tear samples were collected from all subjects and the concentration of α1-AT was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Difference of α1-AT concentration among 3 groups was compared by using Kruskal-Wallis H test. Mann-Whitney U test was performed for further comparison between each 2 groups. Correlationship between α1-AT con-centration and clinical activity score (CAS) was analyzed by Spearman relation. Statistical significance was accepted at a value of P<0.05. Re-sults ¡¤ α1-AT was significantly higher in active TAO group than that in inactive TAO group and control group (both P<0.05). There was no significant difference in α1-AT between inactive TAO group and control group. Tear α1-AT level was significantly correlated with CAS (r=0.846, P=0.000). ROC curve showed that the optimal diagnostic cut off value of α1-AT was 939.48 ng/mL, and the sensitivity and specificity were 81.8% and 100% (AUC=0.959, P<0.05). Conclusion ¡¤ α1-AT is significantly elevated in the tears of active TAO patients. Tear α1-AT level has important value in the diagnosis of clinical activity of TAO.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828065

ABSTRACT

This present study aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of Erzhi Wan(a prescription of nourishing Yin and toni-fying liver and kidney) in treatment of aging by network pharmacology. The active constituents and target proteins of Erzhi Wan were searched from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP) and PubChem databases respectively. Aging-related genes were searched from Gene and HAGR databases. Based on the Ingenuity Pathway Analysis(IPA), we analyzed the common molecular network, biological pathway and interaction sites between these two parts, and verified some of them by Western blot. Twelve active constituents of Erzhi Wan were screened by TCMSP databases, 69 protein targets were predicted through PubChem, and 148 aging-related genes were found in Gene and HAGR databases. IPA comparison showed that the molecular networks of these two were complex, with diversity of biological functions. The common pathways involved 292 pathways, mainly related to tumors. They acted on hypoxia inducible factor-1α gene(HIF1α), nuclear factor-E2 related factor(Nrf2/NFE2 L2), tumor necrosis factor(TNF) and other sites. Western blot results suggested that Erzhi Wan could down-regulate the expression of HIF1α, with statistical difference(P<0.05). It was concluded that, Erzhi Wan could intervene aging through improving pseudo-hypoxic microenvironment and inflammation. The molecular mechanism of Erzhi Wan in delaying aging was preliminarily revealed, which laid a foundation for further stu-dying the anti-aging mechanism of Erzhi Wan, and also provided a reference for the compatibility mechanism and extended application of Chinese medicine compounds.


Subject(s)
Aging , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms , Proteins , Tumor Microenvironment
19.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831107

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#While numerous epidemiological studies have indicated that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have anticancer properties in various cancers, the effects and mechanisms of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in ovarian cancer cell growth are poorly understood. @*Materials and Methods@#ES2 ovarian clear cell carcinoma cells and SKOV3 adenocarcinoma cells were treated with palmitic acid or EPA, followed by flow cytometry and cell counting to measure apoptosis and proliferation, respectively. A modified protein lipid overlay assay was used to further verify whether EPA was a ligand of G protein–coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) in ES2 cells. The levels of apoptosis-related genes, phosphorylated AKT, and phosphorylated ERK1/2 were detected to explore the underlying mechanism. Finally, inhibitory effect of EPA on tumor growth via GPR30 was determined in vitro and in vivo. @*Results@#EPA suppressed ES2 ovarian clear cell carcinoma cells growth via GPR30, a novel EPA receptor, by inducing apoptosis. As a ligand of GPR30, EPA activated the GPR30-cAMP– protein kinase A signaling pathway. When GPR30 was suppressed by siRNA or its inhibitor G15, the antiproliferative action of EPA was impaired. Furthermore, EPA inhibited tumor growth by blocking the activation of AKT and ERK. In the mouse xenograft model, EPA decreased tumor volume and weight through GPR30 by blocking tumor cell proliferation. @*Conclusion@#These results confirm that EPA is a tumor suppressor in human ovarian clear cell carcinoma cells and functions through a novel fatty acid receptor, GPR30, indicating a mechanistic linkage between omega-3 fatty acids and cancers.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828935

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFRTKI) HS-10296 on the proliferation of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) MDA-MB-231 cells and explore the possible molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with HS-10296 for 24, 48, or 72 h, and CCK-8 assay was used to assess the changes in the cell viability. The inhibitory effect of HS-10296 on cell proliferation was determined by clonogenic assay. JC-1 and flow cytometry were employed for analyzing the cell apoptosis, and the ultrastructure of the cells was observed under electron microscope. After pretreatment with autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ), MDA-MB-231 cells were divided into control group, CQ treatment group, HS-10296 (4 and 6 μmol/L) treatment groups and combined treatment groups, and the sensitivity of the treated cells to HS-10296 was determined using CCK-8 assay. The effects of HS-10296 on EGFR pathway and apoptosis- and autophagy-related proteins in MDA-MB-231 cells were investigated using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#HS-10296 significantly inhibited the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells with IC values at 24, 48 and 72 h of 8.393, 2.777 and 2.016 μmol/L, respectively. JC-1 and flow cytometry showed that HS-10296 induced obvious apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells, which showed an apoptosis rate of (21.63 ± 2.97)% following treatment with 8 μmol/L HS-10296. Autophagy vesicles were observed in the cells treated with HS-10296 under electron microscope. In MDA-MB-231 cells pretreated with CQ, inhibition of autophagy significantly enhanced HS-10296-induced cell death. Western blotting showed that the apoptosis-related protein caspase-3 was activated after HS-10296 treatment to cut its substrate PARP. The expression of autophagy-related protein light chain 3B (LC3B) was significantly enhanced after HS-10296 treatment ( < 0.01), which also resulted in inhibited phosphorylation of EGFR and AKT proteins in the cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HS-10296 can inhibit the proliferation and induce autophagy and apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells by inhibiting the EGFR/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , ErbB Receptors , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Protein Kinase Inhibitors
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