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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of different electrophysiology of Ca2+-activated Cl-channels (ClCa) in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) between pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) rats induced by left-to-right shunt and normotensive rats,and to study its possible role in the progress of PAH induced by high pulmanry blood flow.Methods Forty SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups:control group (n =10),sham group (n =10),PAH model group (n =20).After molding,the rats were raised in the same condition for 11 weeks.Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) of each rat was measured by right cardiac catheterization procedure.Right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) was calculated.Single PASMC was obtained by acute enzyme separation method and the conventional whole-cell patch clamp technique was used to record the resting membrane potential (Em),ClCa and current density.The Ⅰ-Ⅴ curve between each group were compared.Results Compared with control group and sham group,the Ⅰ-Ⅴ curve about Itail of PAH model group was significantly shift downward; the difference between control group and sham group was not significant.There were positive correlations between Em and RVSP,RVHI (all P < 0.01),and negative correlations between Itail and RVSP,RVHI and Em(all P < 0.01).Conclusions During the formation process of left-to-right shunt induced PAH,with the step up of pulmonary arterial pressure,the Em of PASMCs stepping up.The absolute value of current density of inward ClCa currents was increased,and its Ⅰ-Ⅴ curve was shift downward.These suggest that the change of ClCa currents may play a role in the PAH induced by left-to-right shunting.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 375-379, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305266

ABSTRACT

Using SDS-PAGE analysis, the High-molecular-weight (HMW) glutenin subunits of two Crithopsis delileana accessions were detected. It was found that the two accessions had the same HMW glutenin subunits. Only one HMW glutenin subunit with the similar electrophoresis mobility to the y-type HMW glutenin subunit of hexaploid wheat was observed in C. delileana. However, It was indicated that this glutenin subunit was an x-type glutenin subunit Kx by gene sequence analysis. The full coding region of Kx gene is 2052bp and could encodes a mature protein with 661 amino acid residues. The Kx gene could be expressed in the bacterial expression system, and the expressed protein had the same electrophoresis mobility as that in the seed of C. delileana. The primary structure of Kx subunit was very similar to the x-type HMW glutenin subunits encoded by the A, B and D genomes of wheat, the C and U genomes of Aegilops, and the R genome of Secale cereale. In the phylogenetic analysis, Kx subunit was clustered together with Ax1 subunit by an interior parallelled branch. In conclsion, Kx gene is a novel x type glutenin subunit gene from C. delileana.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Genes, Plant , Glutens , Genetics , Metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Poaceae , Genetics , Metabolism , Triticum , Genetics , Metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 737-742, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237081

ABSTRACT

The alpha-amylase inhibitors have been proposed as possibly important weapons against pests. Thus, it is of importance to identify the specificity of them. Based on the EST data of alpha-amylase inhibitor genes that were retrieved from NCBI, BBSRC and GrainGenes, two PCR primers were designed. The coding sequences of 24 kD dimeric alpha-amylase inhibitors with resistance to insects in 17 wheat and Aegilops accessions were investigated and 17 new genes were obtained. Only one 24 kD alpha-amylase inhibitor gene was found in each diploid wheat and Aegilops accession, whereas 8 genes were characterized from one hexaploid wheat variety, indicating that the 24 kD alpha-amylase inhibitors in hexaploid wheat were encoded by multi-gene. The deduced amino acid sequences of 2 genes from common wheat and 1 gene from Ae. tauschii were the same as the sequence of the inhibitor 0.19, and the deduced amino acid sequence of another gene from common wheat was similar to the inhibitor 0.53 with only one amino acid difference. The amino acid sequences of 24 kD dimeric alpha-amylase inhibitors shared very high coherence (91.2%). These results suggest that the alpha-amylase inhibitors in 24 kD family were derived from common ancestral genes by phylogenesis.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Enzyme Inhibitors , Metabolism , Insecta , Molecular Sequence Data , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Poaceae , Genetics , Sequence Analysis , Triticum , Genetics , alpha-Amylases , Genetics
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