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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 368-377, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985660

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and cancer associated fibroblasts (CAF) jointly generate chemo-resistance in epithelial-ovarian cancer and their effect on prognosis. Methods: A total of 119 patients with high-grade ovarian serous cancer who received surgery in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2009 to October 2017 were collected. The clinico-pathological data and follow-up data were complete. Multivariate Cox regression model was used to analyze the prognostic factors. Ovarian cancer tissue chips of patients in our hospital were prepared. EnVision two-step method immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein expression levels of STAT3, the specific markers of CAF activation, fibroblast activating protein (FAP), and type Ⅰ collagen (COL1A1) secreted by CAF. The relationship between the expression of STAT3, FAP, COL1A1 protein and drug resistance and prognosis of ovarian cancer patients was analyzed, and the correlation between the expression of three proteins was analyzed. These results were verified through the gene expression and prognostic information of human ovarian cancer tissues collected in the GSE26712 dataset of gene expression omnibus (GEO) database. Results: (1) Multivariate Cox regression model analysis showed that chemotherapy resistance was an independent risk factor for overall survival (OS) of ovarian cancer (P<0.001). (2) The expression levels of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 proteins in chemotherapy resistant patients were significantly higher than those in chemotherapy sensitive patients (all P<0.05). Patients with high expression of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 had significantly shorter OS than those with low expression (all P<0.05). According to the human ovarian cancer GSE26712 dataset of GEO database, patients with high expression of STAT3, FAP, and COL1A1 also showed shorter OS than patients with low expression (all P<0.05), the verification results were consistent with the detection results of ovarian cancer patients in our hospital. (3) Correlation analysis showed that the protein level of STAT3 was positively correlated with FAP and COL1A1 in our hospital's ovarian cancer tissue chips (r=0.47, P<0.001; r=0.30, P=0.006), the analysis of GEO database GSE26712 dataset showed that the expression of STAT3 gene and FAP, COL1A1 gene were also significantly positively correlated (r=0.31, P<0.001; r=0.52, P<0.001). Conclusion: STAT3 and CAF could promote chemotherapy resistance of ovarian cancer and lead to poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts/pathology , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 555-559, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980759

ABSTRACT

By tracing to the origin of Tibetan medicine, it is known that Tibetan medicine absorbs a variety of medical ideas such as traditional Chinese medicine, Vedic medicine, Persian medicine and Byzantine medicine, and forms a unique theoretical system. The meridian-acupoint system and the characteristics and application of external therapies such as bloodletting and moxibustion in Tibetan medicine are analyzed by elaborating the relevant aspects of acupuncture and moxibustion involved in treatment of diseases listed in Medical Canon in Four Sections. The paper emphasizes the introduction of ironing moxibustion and huo'er moxibustion of fire moxibustion and the application of separation-action decoction and ghee therapy in bloodletting, as well as alternative therapy. Besides, by taking the external treatment of cirrhotic ascites and head trauma as an example, the idea of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in Tibetan medicine embodied in the Medical Canon in Four Sections is explained so as to benefit the development of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in Tibetan medicine.


Subject(s)
Moxibustion , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Acupuncture Therapy , Bloodletting , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 484-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927993

ABSTRACT

Amyloid β-protein(Aβ) deposition in the brain is directly responsible for neuronal mitochondrial damage of Alzheimer's disease(AD) patients. Mitophagy, which removes damaged mitochondria, is a vital mode of neuron protection. Ginsenoside Rg_1(Rg_1), with neuroprotective effect, has displayed promising potential for AD treatment. However, the mechanism underlying the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 has not been fully elucidated. The present study investigated the effects of ginsenoside Rg_(1 )on the autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ_(25-35) to gain insight into the neuroprotective mechanism of Rg_1. The autophagy inducer rapamycin and the autophagy inhi-bitor chloroquine were used to verify the correlation between the neuroprotective effect of Rg_1 and autophagy. The results showed that Rg_1 enhanced the viability and increased the mitochondrial membrane potential of Aβ-injured PC12 cells, while these changes were blocked by chloroquine. Furthermore, Rg_(1 )treatment increased the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio, promoted the depletion of p62 protein, up-regulated the protein levels of PINK1 and parkin, and reduced the amount of autophagy adaptor OPTN, which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. After the silencing of PINK1, a key regulatory site of mitophagy, Rg_1 could not increase the expression of PINK1 and parkin or the amount of NDP52, whereas it can still increase the LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ protein ratio and promote the depletion of OPTN protein which indicated the enhancement of autophagy. Collectively, the results of this study imply that Rg_1 can promote autophagy of PC12 cells injured by Aβ, and may reduce Aβ-induced mitochondrial damage by promoting PINK1-dependent mitophagy, which may be one of the key mechanisms of its neuroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Amyloid beta-Peptides/toxicity , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Mitophagy/physiology , PC12 Cells , Protein Kinases/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 549-551, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927421

ABSTRACT

Professor JIAO Mian-zhai 's academic characteristics and needling essentials in acupuncture field are introduced in the paper. Professor JIAO integrated martial arts and qigong with acupuncture needling technique, and then created his own "yunzhang bafa" (eight kinds of palm movement and qi training method) and modified the basic skills for finger strength practice and needling techniques. On the base of the needling techniques exerted by both hands, he developed a set of "JIAO 's needling techniques", including the manipulations of needle insertion and withdrawal. He proposed that the compound needling techniques for reinforcing and reducing should be cooperated with the physician's respiratory rhythm. Besides, he clarified the operation timing of reinforcing and reducing techniques to ensure the full play to the curative effect of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Movement , Needles
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 317-320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927381

ABSTRACT

Professor ZHANG Shan-chen's clinical experience and academic thoughts in the field of acupuncture are summarized. Professor ZHANG stresses on theoretical exploration and has written Zhenjiu Jiayijing Shuxue Chongji, published a series of articles on textual research and expounded the nomenclature of acupoints. He believes that clinical practice should be guided by theory and the comprehensive syndrome differentiation be emphasized. Hence, a holistic idea should be cultivated, in which, the human body is considered as an organic whole and should be adaptive to the nature. Based on the theory above, the diagnosis can be determined and the effective treatment be received. He suggests selecting few acupoints, identifying the deficiency from the excess so as to determine the reinforcing or replenishing method and exerting appropriate needling manipulation. Additionally, the response should be enhanced on the identification of deqi after needle insertion. Moreover, a great consideration is laid on the clinical trial and application of moxibustion, which is complemented with acupuncture technique each other and mutually conductive to the clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture/history , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Moxibustion , Needles
6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 68-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935831

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of csn2 gene deficiency on starvation tolerance and extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) synthesis in an oligotrophic environment of Streptococcus mutans (Sm). Methods: The csn2 gene deletion strains and complementary strains of Sm were cultivated and then an oligotrophic growth environment for Sm growth by setting different concentration gradient media were created. Cell growth in oligotrophic environment was detected by growth curve. Biofilm volume was measured by crystalline violet staining. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser confocal microscope were performed to observe the biofilm structure of Sm. The synthesis of EPS was measured by the anthrone-sulfuric acid method. The expression of genes related to EPS synthesis was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Results: The growth curve results showed that the deletion of csn2 gene inhibited the growth of Sm under starvation stress. Furthermore, the results of laser confocal microscope showed that the biofilm EPS/bacteria ratios produced by the wild-type strain, csn2 gene-deficient strain and complement strains under nutrient sufficient culture conditions were 0.44±0.07, 1.05±0.13 and 0.57±0.08 respectively, while the ratios of EPS/bacteria in an oligotrophic environment were 0.93±0.24, 3.05±0.21 and 1.32±0.46 respectively, indicating that the deletion of csn2 gene enhanced the ability of extracellular polysaccharide synthesis of Sm in the oligotrophic environment. The expression levels of EPS synthesis-related genes gtfB and gtfC were up-regulated by 2.5 fold and 1.8 fold respectively and the expression level of gtfD was down-regulated by two-thirds. Conclusions: The csn2 gene deficiency showed multiple effects on the physiological functions and virulence characteristics of Sm, including starvation tolerance and EPS synthesis. These changes might be related to the shift of the complex regulative network caused by csn2 gene deletion.


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Polysaccharides , Streptococcus mutans/genetics
7.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 564-567, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772458

ABSTRACT

The microbe is small in volume, but large in quantity and species. The symbiotic microbe, which is far more than human cells, code millions times of genes than human being. Somatic cells and these symbiotic microbe distributing in human body skin, respiratory tract, oral cavity and gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract and other parts form a complex ecosystem whose dynamic balance is highly related to body health. With the successful implementation of Human Microbiome Project, more attentions have been paid to the next generation microbiome technologies. New tools and methods for ecological regulation of human microbiome are emerging. The way we improve the world of human microbiology will be more convenient. This paper will make a review on the modulation techniques of human microbiome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microbiota , Mouth , Microbiology , Skin , Microbiology
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1712-1717, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256533

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the expressions of IL-17, IL-23, IL-22 and IL-11 in the intestinal mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and analyze their prognostic values.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty patients with active UC, 15 with UC in remission and 15 healthy subjects were examined for the expressions and distribution of IL-17, IL-23, IL-22, and IL-11 in the colorectal mucosausing immunohistochemistry. We further collected the data from 40 patients with routine therapy and regular follow-up and compared the expressions of those cytokines according to the condition of mucosal healing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expressions of cytokines in patients with active UC were significantly higher than those in patients with remittent UC and healthy control subjects (IL-17: 0.0727∓0.0037 vs 0.0354∓0.0243 vs 0.0330∓0.0045; IL-23: 0.1407∓0.0068 vs 0.0865∓0.0051 vs 0.0442∓0.0137; IL-22: 0.0522∓0.0045 vs 0.0259∓0.0063 vs 0.0115∓0.0061; IL-11: 0.0479∓0.0022 vs 0.0365∓0.0024 vs 0.0232∓0.0009, P<0.05). The expression levels of IL-17, IL-23, and IL-22 increased significantly with the increase of the disease activity (IL-17: 0.0545∓0.0072 vs 0.0786∓ 0.0051 vs 0.0847∓0.0197; IL-23: 0.1112∓0.0046 vs 0.1480∓0.0089 vs 0.1644∓0.0190; IL-22: 0.0307∓0.0063 vs 0.0548∓ 0.0071 vs 0.0719∓0.0056, P<0.05). In patients with active UC, the expression levels of the 4 cytokines in the intestinal mucosa were positively correlated with the endoscopic activity grade (P<0.05), and IL-17 and IL-22 expression levels were also positively correlated with the histological grade (P<0.05). All the 4 cytokines were positively intercorrelated. The patients with low IL-17 expression (25.00%) showed a significantly lower rate of poor mucosal healing than those with high IL-17 expressions (25% vs 67%, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The cytokines IL-17, IL-23, IL-22, and IL-11 all participate in the pathogenesis of UC and may serve as indicators for evaluating the inflammatory activity. The expression level of IL-17 can be a valuable indicator for predicting mucosal healing in UC patients after a short-term treatment.</p>

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1908-1913, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351241

ABSTRACT

In order to reveal feasibility of different concentrations of Ca2+ and SA on Platycodon grandiflorum under high temperature stress, the effects of Ca2+ on physiological index and related photosynthetic parameters were studied. Pot cultured P. grandiflorum leaves under the same outdoor conditions were sprayed with CaCl2 and SA separately, and then placed in the high incubator [35 degrees C/25 degrees C (day/night), light intensity 3 600 lx], and sprayed with distilled water at 25 degrees C and under high temperature stress were set as the control. The related photosynthesis, relative conductivity, contents of proline, malondialdehyde, soluble protein, activities of SOD and CAT, ASA and GSH content were measured. The results show that the 6 mmol x L(-1) CaCl2 and 1.5 mmol x L(-1) SA enhanced the activities of SOD and CAT, the contents of proline and soluble protein, and effectively reduced the damage of heat stress on cell membrance. At the same time, the exogenous Ca2+ and SA increased the contents of chlorophyll and carotenoid, the efficiency of leaf photosynthesis and ASA and GSH content, and thus effectively resisted the oxidative stress caused by high temperatures, but with the increasing concentration of spraying, P. grandiflorum decreased the ability to resist high temperature stress. In conclusion, the foliage spraying CaCl2 and SA could reduce the damage of high temperature stress on P. grandiflorum leaves.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Metabolism , Hot Temperature , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Photosynthesis , Plant Leaves , Metabolism , Platycodon , Metabolism , Salicylic Acid , Metabolism , Stress, Physiological
10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 887-894, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229551

ABSTRACT

Treatment by auricular acupuncture has a long history. Ear-acupoint research has been advancing step by step in China and also in Europe. Auricles are rich in nerves, therefore a close relationship with different functions of the human body has been proved by the research teams of the two main authors of this article from China and Austria. In recent years, great progress has been made in the research of regulating human body functions through electroacupuncture at the auricular branch of the vagus nerve, which is part of auricular acupuncture therapy. It is well known that the auricular branch of the vagus nerve is the only peripheral pathway to the cerebral cortex. Studies of the Chinese team on hypertension, diabetes, epilepsy and depression have shown that the mechanism of auricular vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) may be comparable with cervical VNS in terms of pathways. Auricular VNS has a broad clinical application prospect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Acupuncture, Ear , Austria , Biomedical Research , China , Depression , Therapeutics , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy , Therapeutics , International Cooperation , Reflex , Physiology , Vagus Nerve , Physiology
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 624-629, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276269

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the pharmacokinetic variation of ofloxacin based on gender-related difference in the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein (Abcc2/Mrp2) in rat kidney. The concentrations of ofloxacin in rat plasma and urine were determined after tail vein administration (30 mg x kg(-1)) by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. Expression of Mrp2 in kidney of male and female rats was qualitatively and quantitatively detected by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry, separately. The results showed that AUC value of ofloxacin was lower in male rats than that in female rats and the total amount of ofloxacin excreted in the urine was higher in male rats than that in female rats. And the expression of Mrp2 in male rat kidney was higher than that in female rats. All results suggested that gender-related differences in pharmacokinetics of ofloxacin may be attributed to the differences in the expression of Mrp2 in kidney of male and female rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Metabolism , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Urine , Area Under Curve , Kidney , Metabolism , Ofloxacin , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Urine , Rats, Wistar , Sex Characteristics
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 57-60, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244058

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of the fixed combination of amlodipine 5 mg/benazepril 10 mg once-daily therapy, compared with benazepril, 10 mg, monotherapy in patients with mild and moderate hypertension, and to evaluate the 24 h antihypertensive efficacy and the duration of action by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel controlled trial, 356 cases of hypertensive patients after 2 weeks wash-out, and then given 4 weeks of benazepril 10 mg monotherapy, 220 patients with mean seated diastolic blood pressure (SeDBP) remained ≥ 90 mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) were randomly divided into benazepril 10 mg/amlodipine 5 mg (BZ10/AML5) fixed-dose combination therapy group (once a day, n = 113), and benazepril monotherapy group (daily 20 mg, n = 107). In the two groups the patients with SeDBP ≥ 90 mm Hg were doubled the dosage of the initial regimen at the end of 4-week treatment for additional 4 weeks, and the patients with SeDBP < 90 mm Hg remained the initial regimen for additional 4 weeks. The primary endpoint was to evaluate the improvement of SeDBP at the end of 8-week treatment. There were 74 patients (the combination therapy group n = 38, monotherapy therapy group n = 36) completed the 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring which was included in the final efficacy analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The randomized, double-blind treatment for 8 weeks, the mean value of SeDBP reduction, the reaching target blood pressure rate and total successful response rate to the treatment (a SeDBP < 90 mm Hg or a decrease of 10 mm Hg or more from baseline) were (11.7 ± 6.8) mm Hg, 65.7% and 88.5% in the combination therapy group, respectively, and were (7.7 ± 6.9) mm Hg, 35.5% and 65.5% in the monotherapy group, respectively. There were statistically significant difference between the combination therapy and the monotherapy groups in all the 3 indexs (P < 0.001). The fixed combination significantly reduced systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) values throughout the 24 h. The trough to peak ratios of DBP/SBP in the fixed compound of benazepril/amlodipine (10 mg/5 mg) and benazepril (20 mg) alone were 83.1%/76.0% and 85.8%/79.5%, respectively. Adverse events rates were 16.8% in the combination therapy group and 35.5% in the monotherapy group (P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The combination therapy with benazepril/amlodipine was superior to benazepril monotherapy and was well tolerated in patients with essential hypertension and allowing a satisfactory BP control for 24 hours.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Amlodipine , Therapeutic Uses , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Antihypertensive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Benzazepines , Therapeutic Uses , Calcium Channel Blockers , Therapeutic Uses , Double-Blind Method , Drug Combinations , Hypertension , Drug Therapy
13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E328-E333, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803638

ABSTRACT

Objective The effect of different flow shear stress gradient on the changes of arrangement and shape of endothelial cells was evaluated in order to investigate the effect of shear stress gradient on ECs morphology and function. Method A flow chamber system with gradient shear stress was established, in which the range of shear stress is from 15 dyn/cm2 to 6.6 dyn/cm2(1 dyn=10-5 N), and the shear stress gradient is 1.5 dyn/cm2 and 3 dyn/cm2 respectively. After ECs were subjected to the gradient shear stress for 6 hours, cell angle, cell width length ratio, as well as cell shape index of ECs under the different shear stress gradient were examined. Results The cell angles of ECs were straggling under both 1.5 dyn/cm2 and 3 dyn/cm2 shear stress gradient. The cell width length ratio and cell shape index of ECs were decreased under 1.5 dyn/cm2 shear stress gradient compared with that of 3 dyn/cm2 shear stress gradient. Conclusions The ECs show random orientation under the different shear stress gradient. The ECs are trending to stretch and elongate shape under smaller shear stress gradient, and to approach cycloid under larger shear stress gradient.

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 117-120, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252693

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To investigate the effects of shivering on airway rewarming.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The hypothermic dog model without shivering was established by immersing an anesthetized dog in cold water and administering atracurium to inhibit the dog shivering. The model dog respired warm fully humidified (40-45 degrees C, RH 99.9%) air and room temperature air(19 +/- 1 degrees C, RH 30% - 75%) to rewarm each for 2 hours, the priority of different temperature air respired was arranged randomly. After rewarming for 4 hours, the relaxed dog breathed warm humidified air by positive pressure ventilation in order to restore its spontaneous respiratory. Then the dog continued to respire warm humidified air spontaneously until the esophageal (Te) and rectal temperature (Tr) of the dog achieved the same degrees as the dog was immersed in the water. The metabolic heat production was detected by indirect calorimetry during the experiment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) When the shivering was inhibited, inhaling warm humidified air for 2 hours made the Tr and Te of the dogs increase 0.26-0.39 degrees C and 0.44-1.11 degrees C per hour respectively, inhaling air at room temperature for 2 hours made Tr and Te of the dogs decrease 0.24-0.51 degrees C and 0.58-0.67 degrees C per hour, respectively. And the changes in Tr and Te of the dogs were unrelated to the priority of inhaling air at different temperature. (2) When the dog with shivering respired spontaneously warm humidified air, the rewarming rates of Tr and Te were 2.26-2.33 degrees C/h and 1.96-2.38 degrees C/h respectively, quicker than those of the dogs whose shivering was inhibited. (3) Compared with metabolic heat production of the unshivering dog respiring warm humidified air by positive pressure ventilation, that of the shivering dog respiring warm humidified air spontaneously increased outstandingly, shivering thermogenesis made the rewarming rates increased obviously.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Airway rewarming is a method conducive to rewarming of hypothermia. When the body is shivering, the metabolic heat production increases obviously, that makes the rewarming rate increase markedly. So the shivering must be inhibited in order to eliminate the interference of shivering thermogenesis when the effects of airway rewarming are detected.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Male , Body Temperature Regulation , Cold Temperature , Hypothermia , Therapeutics , Hypothermia, Induced , Respiratory Physiological Phenomena , Shivering
15.
Chinese Journal of Prevention and Control of Chronic Diseases ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674416

ABSTRACT

0.05).92.7%of the objects knew that passive smoking was harmful.71.9%knew that passive smoking made people suffering from cardiopathy more possibly.74.9%knew that the wife whose husband smoked were easier to catch lung cancer.And 84.4%knew that the child whose parent s smoked more possibly took asthma or respiration disease. The correct rates of the four knowledge points were different among different gender and the degree of education,which was higher in female than in male,and higher in high education degree than in the other(P

16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-52, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355481

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of different doses of hydrocortisone (HC) on the disorder of coagulation in rats at early stage of septic shock.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The model of early septic shock accompanied by the disorder of coagulation in rats was set up by bolus injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at 25 mg/kg through right femoral vein. Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into the following 5 groups: normal control (LPS and HC were substituted by same volume of normal saline solution), shock group (HC was substituted by same volume of normal saline), high-dose HC (HD group, HC 100 mg/kg), medium-dose HC (MD group, HC 50 mg/kg) and low-dose HC (LD group, HC 5 mg/kg). Four hours after the HC treatment, the blood specimens were collected for the count of blood platelet (PLT), the activity of antithrombin III (ATIII), the content of D-dimer and von Willebrand factor (vWF).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The count of PLT (x 10(9)/L) and the activities of ATIII (%) in shock group (586.00 +/- 71.179 and 50.600 +/- 19.248) were significantly lower than that in normal control group (1012.600 +/- 20.852 and 89.200 +/- 12.109), and the level of D-dimer (microg/dl) and vWF (%) in LPS group (1.680 +/- 0.999 and 7.288 +/- 0.652) as significantly higher than that in normal control group (0.66 +/- 0.772 and 3.656 +/- 1.407), P < 0.05. After HC treatment, the disorder of coagulation was attenuated to different degree. However, significant difference was found between HD, MD groups and shock group only in the count of PLT (P = 0.000), and there were no significant differences between HD, MD groups and shock group in the other three indices. Significant improvements were found in LD group (P < 0.05) in all the four indices and there were no significant differences between LD group and normal group in D-dimer and vWF. The effects of medium-dose HC was between LD and HD groups, and there were no significant differences between HD and MD group, P > 0.05.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results indicated that different doses of HC had different effects on coagulation in early stage of septic shock in rats. Low-dose HC may ameliorate the disorder of coagulation in early septic shock in rats. High-dose and medium-dose of HC had no significant improving effects on the disorder of coagulation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Blood Chemical Analysis , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Drug Therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Hydrocortisone , Lipopolysaccharides , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Shock, Septic , Blood , Drug Therapy
17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 375-378, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253137

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>In order to study airway rewarming method and rewarming devices for hypothermia, hypothermic dog model was established.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The anesthetized dog was immersed in cold water at 16.7 degrees C until the esophageal temperature (Te) of the dog decreased to 34.0 degrees C, the core temperature and skin temperature were monitored by using a 12-channel scanning thermometers. Atracurium besylate, a skeletal muscle relaxant, was injected intravenously when the core temperature of the dog was basically steady after the dog was out of the cold water, the hypothermic dog model was established.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Rectal and esophageal temperature could stand for the core temperature of the hypothermic dog model, but mixing with each other was prohibited because of leading to mistakes. Administering of atracurium besylate could eliminate the effect of shivering on airway rewarming alone, hypothermic dog model in which shivering was inhibited could be used in determination of airway rewarming technique and rewarming devices for hypothermia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hypothermic dog model in which shivering was inhibited can abolish the interference of shivering, experimental repeatability is good, experimental method quite simple, and the model appropriate for application and dissemination.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Male , Body Temperature , Cold Temperature , Disease Models, Animal , Hypothermia , Therapeutics , Hypothermia, Induced , Respiratory System , Rewarming , Methods , Shivering
18.
Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639934

ABSTRACT

0.05).Conclusions The results by GH exercise test is identified with GH provocative test.Because the GH exercise test is safe and simple,it is appropriate to use the GH exercisetest to screen for growth hormone deficiency during childhood.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679595

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical,radiological findings and pathogenic factor of spondylometaphyseal dysplasia.Methods Five cases were reported and the relevant documents were studied retrospectively.Plain X-ray film was performed in all patients.Results There were 4 male and 1 female,age ranged from 4 to 15 years with average of 9 years.The main features of 5 cases included delayed bone age,stature short,short trunk,waddling gait noted,scoliosis in 2 cases,kyphoscoliosis in 1 case,severe genu valgum in 2 cases.The main X-ray appearance of 5 cases is multiple irregularities of long bones metaphyses associated with platyspondylia,epiphysis is normal.Type Ⅰ SMD in 2 cases,Type Ⅱ SMD in 1 case,Type Ⅲ SMD in 2 cases.Conclusion When we meet children with delayed bone age and stature short,and muhiple irregularities of long bones metaphyses associated with platyspondylia were seen in X-ray plain film.we should think about spondylometaphyseal dysplasia.

20.
Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24)1986.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639020

ABSTRACT

Objective To build a normal value of serum sex hormone in the healthy children in favour of the diagnosis of children precocious puberty and the evaluation of the growth of the children.Method Serum of 462 healthy children(aged from 1 month to 14 years;205 females,257 males)was collected,and the level of testosterone(T) and 17-estradiol(E2).Results There were no significant deviation in the levels of E2 of deferent genders between 1-12 months,but the level of T in boys and girls were obviously different.The puberty of boys was la-ter than girls.There was no significant deviation in the level of E2 of the boys in different periods,but the levels of T in boys at different ages were obviously different.Conclusions With the improvement the detection methods,the normal values of the serum sex hormone in healthy children have been changing.It is helpful for diagnosis of children precocious puberty by rebuilding normal values of T and E2 .

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