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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 805-810, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910239

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effectiveness and feasibility of the machine learning models based on radiomics in the diagnosis of pituitary prolactin macroadenoma.Methods:Totally 122 histologically proven pituitary macroadenoma patients, including 70 cases of pituitary prolactin macroadenoma (PPM) and 52 cases of non-pituitary prolactin macroadenoma (NPPM), were retrospectively recruited. The differences of age, sex, serum prolactin value, bleeding, cystic degeneration and Knosp classification were compared between PPM and NPPM. The pre-processing, delineation of the region of interest and feature extraction of the preoperative axial contrast-enhanced T 1WI image were performed in the 3Dslicer software. The optimal feature set were selected by least absolute shrinkage and selection operator. All patients were randomly divided into the training group ( n=85) and the test group ( n=37) at a ratio of 7∶3. The models were established in the training group by logistic regression and support vector machine (SVM), and then verified by the test group. ROC curves were drawn respectively, and specificity, sensitivity, accuracy and area under the ROC curve (AUC) were calculated. Results:The age [(38±12) years vs . (43±11) years], gender ratio (male/female 50 cases/20 cases vs . 14 cases/38 cases) and prolactin value [366.00 (117.75, 1 156.25)μg/L vs . 47.25 (32.68, 62.40) μg/L] of patients with PPM and NPPM were statistically different ( P<0.05). The AUC values of logistic regression and SVM in the training group were 0.936 and 0.946, and the AUC values of the test group were 0.768 and 0.774, respectively. The diagnostic accuracy of logistic regression and SVM in the training group were 88.2% and 91.8%, and the accuracy of the test group were 73.0% and 77.8%. Conclusion:The machine learning models based on the radiomics can predict the pituitary prolactin macroadenoma well with a high accuracy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): E011-E011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811509

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, treatment and the short-term prognosis of 31 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV) infection in children from six provinces (autonomous region) in northern China.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of the epidemiological history, clinical symptoms, signs, laboratory examinations, chest imaging, treatment and the short-term prognosis of 31 cases of 2019-nCoV was conducted. The patients were diagnosed between January 25th, 2020 and February 21st, 2020 in 21 hospitals in 17 cities of six provinces(autonomous region) of Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Hebei, Henan and Shandong.@*Results@#The age of the 31 children with 2019-nCoV infection was 7 years and 1 month (6 months -17 years). Nine cases (29%) were imported cases. Other 21 cases (68%) had contact with confirmed infected adults. One case (3%) had contact with asymptomatic returnees from Wuhan. Among the 31 children, 28 patients (90%) were family cluster cases. The clinical types were asymptomatic type in 4 cases (13%), mild type in 13 cases (42%), and common type in 14 cases (45%). No severe or critical type existed. The most common symptom was fever (n=20, 65%), including 1 case of high fever, 9 cases of moderate fever, 10 cases of low fever. Fever lasted from 1 day to 9 days. The fever of fifteen cases lasted for ≤3 d, while in other 5 cases lasted > 3 d. Other symptoms included cough (n=14, 45%), fatigue (n=3, 10%) and diarrhea (n=3, 9%). Pharyngalgia, runny nose, dizziness, headache and vomiting were rare. In the early stage, the total leukocytes count in peripheral blood decreased in 2 cases (6%), the lymphocytes count decreased in 2 cases (6%), and the platelet count increased in 2 cases (6%).Elevation of C-reactive protein (10%, 3/30), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(19%,4/21), procalcitonin(4%,1/28), liver enzyme(22%, 6/27) and muscle enzyme (15%, 4/27) occurred in different proportions. Renal function and blood glucose were normal. There were abnormal chest CT changes in 14 cases, including 9 cases with patchy ground glass opacities and nodules, mostly located in the lower lobe of both lungs near the pleural area. After receiving supportive treatment, the viral nucleic acid turned negative in 25 cases within 7-23 days. Among them, 24 children (77%) recovered and were discharged from hospital. No death occurred.@*Conclusions@#In this case series, 2019-nCoV infections in children from six provinces (autonomous region) in northern China are mainly caused by close family contact. Clinical types are asymptomatic, mild and common types. Clinical manifestations and laboratory examination results are nonspecific. Close contact history of epidemiology, nucleic acid detection and chest imaging are important bases for diagnosis. After general treatment, the short-term prognosis is good.

3.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1359-1362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798100

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the differences in specific IgE of allergic diseases.@*Methods@#The allergens in 1 028 patients (including 606 cases of eczema/specific dermatitis, 319 Cases of urticaria, 103 cases of papular urticaria and prurigo) were detected by German Allergy Screen Immune mark method.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences (P<0.05) in the positive rate of allergens among the four allergic diseases, including Penicillium notatum/ Piptocephalis/ aspergillus fumigatus/aspergillus niger/Alternaria (χ2=6.663), milk (χ2=10.320) and cashew nut (χ2=14.325); The common allergen in <1-year-old group was cat dander (22.75%), egg white (35.93%); The common allergen in 1 to 3 years old group was dog dander (22.17%), milk (61.82%) and crab (3.45%). The common allergen in>3-year-old group was dust mite (10.77%), cockroach (3.52%), Penicillium notatum/Piptocephalis/ aspergillus fumigatus/aspergillus niger/Alternaria (21.32%), Short ragweed/artemisia/Humulus scandens/quinoa (14.73%). The positive rate of specific IgE against house dust in the third quarter was the highest (17.78%) and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=14.443, P=0.002). Among the statistically significant difference in the positive rate of specific IgE between eczema/atopic dermatitis in different age groups (χ2=10.204, P=0.006), the positive rate in the group of 1 to 3 years was the highest.@*Conclusions@#Different diseases, ages, and seasonal specific allergens are different, individualized treatment can be carried out according to disease types, ages and seasons.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1359-1362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791150

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the differences in specific IgE of allergic diseases.Methods The allergens in 1 028 patients (including 606 cases of eczema/specific dermatitis,319 Cases of urticaria,103 cases of papular urticaria and prurigo) were detected by German Allergy Screen Immune mark method.Results There were statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) in the positive rate of allergens among the four allergic diseases,including Penicillium notatum/ Piptocephalis/ aspergillus fumigatus/aspergillus niger/Alternaria (x2 =6.663),milk (x2 =10.320) and cashew nut (x2 =14.325);The common allergen in < 1-year-old group was cat dander (22.75%),egg white (35.93%);The common allergen in 1 to 3 years old group was dog dander (22.17%),milk (61.82%) and crab (3.45%).The common allergen in > 3-year-old group was dust mite (10.77%),cockroach (3.52%),Penicillium notatum/Piptocephalis/aspergillus fumigatus/aspergillus niger/Altemaria (21.32%),Short ragweed/artemisia/Humulus scandens/quinoa (14.73%).The positive rate of specific IgE against house dust in the third quarter was the highest (17.78%) and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =14.443,P =0.002).Among the statistically significant difference in the positive rate of specific IgE between eczema/atopic dermatitis in different age groups (x2 =10.204,P =0.006),the positive rate in the group of 1 to 3 years was the highest.Conclusions Different diseases,ages,and seasonal specific allergens are different,individualized treatment can be carried out according to disease types,ages and seasons.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 825-828, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667632

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the serum level of vitamin D in infants with atopic dermatitis (AD),and to investigate the relationship between the serum level of vitamin D and severity of AD in infants.Methods Clinical data were collected from patients with moderate to severe AD (AD group)through a questionnaire survey in Children's Hospital of Shanxi from February to April in 2016,and the severity of AD was evaluated by the SCORing atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) score.A total of 95 health checkup examinees served as the control group.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)was performed to detect the serum level of 25 (OH) D3 in the AD group and control group,as well as the total serum IgE level in the AD group.Blood cell analyzer was used to determine the proportion of blood eosinophils in the AD group.Results A total of 97 patients with AD were enrolled into the study,including 43 (44.3 %) patients with moderate AD and 54 (55.7%) patients with severe AD.The serum level of 25 (OH) D3 was significantly lower in the AD group than in the healthy control group ([66.71 ± 21.07] nmol/L vs.[85.43 ± 14.87] nmol/L,P < 0.01),as well as in the patients with severe AD than in the patients with moderate AD ([47.54 ± 29.36] nmol/L vs.[63.89 ± 26.67] nmol/L,P =0.006).The proportion of blood eosinophils was significantly higher in the severe AD group than in the moderate AD group (0.124 ± 0.094 vs.0.061 ± 0.060,P < 0.001).There was no significant difference in the total serum IgE level between the moderate AD group and severe AD group (P =0.375).Among the patients with AD,the serum level of 25 (OH) D3 was negatively correlated with the proportion of blood eosinophils (r =-0.336,P < 0.05),but there was no correlation between the serum level of 25 (OH)D3 and total serum IgE level (r =-0.174,P > 0.05).The serum level of 25 (OH)D3 was significantly associated with breastfeeding and vitamin D supplementation (P < 0.05),but unrelated to age,gender,course of disease and acute exudative phase (all P > 0.05).Conclusion The serum level of 25 (OH) D3 is evidently decreased in infants with AD,and vitamin D deficiency is closely related to the severity of AD in infancy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 56-60, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463426

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare clinical outcome and adverse reactions between the regimens SOX and XELOX for chemotherapy of advanced gastric carcinoma in Chinese population.Methods The original articles on randomized controlled trials ( RCTs) comparing the chemotherapy of SOX and XELOX in Chinese patients with advanced gastric carcinoma were recruited from the PUBMED, WANFANG, VIP and CNKI databases.The quality of the selected trials were assessed by JADAD method.Meta-analysis about the efficacy and safety of the two chemotherapy methods was performed by Rev Man 5.2.0 software ( Cochrane-information Management System) .Results Eight RCT studies were recruited in our work, including 293 patients in the SOX treatment group and 310 in the XELOX treatment group.The analysis results showed that there was no significant difference in the effect of the two chemotherapy methods (OR=1.19, 95%CI:0.86-1.64,P=0.29), and referred to the safety evaluation, the stomatitis (OR=2.29, 95%CI:1.74-4.89, P<0.0001) incidence in SOX treatment group was higher than XELOX treatment group, and in total, there was no significant difference in adverse reaction incidence of the two chemotherapy methods(OR =0.88, 95%CI: 0.66-1.19, P =0.41).Conclusion In the chemotherapy of advanced gastric carcinoma in Chinese population, there is no significant difference in clinical response rate between SOX and XELOX, and the stomatitis incidence of SOX is significantly higher than that of XELOX.

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1025-1028, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460577

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of apoptosis of the tumor cells in rabbit liver VX2 carcinoma after treatment by radiofrequency ablation(RFA) combined with trans arterial chemoembolization(TACE) and high‐frequency hyperthermia(HFH) . Methods Rabbit liver VX2 carcinoma model was established .Rabbit liver VX2 tumor models were divided into the following group:group A ,RFA+ TACE;group B ,RFA + TACE + HFH ;group C ,RFA + HFH ;group D ,TACE+ HFH .The changes of serum ALT was detected to realize the safety of the treatment .Cell apoptosis were detected by DNA agarose gel electrophoresis and terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase‐mediated Dutp nick end‐labeling(TUNEL) assay ;SP immunohistochemistry ,Western blot and Real‐time quantitative PCR(RT‐PCR) were used to detect Caspase‐3 protein and mRNA expression levels .Results The changes of serum ALT in group B was significantly higher .Compared with other groups ,the apoptosis index in group B was increased marked‐ly(P<0 .05) .Western blot and RT‐PCR Caspase‐3 protein and mRNA levels in group B were higher than the other groups(P<0 .05) .Conclusion RFA+ TACE+ HFH can effectively kill tumor cells and promote apoptosis of tumor cells ,but ,at the same time ,can damage liver function .

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 313-315, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264203

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper is to study the methods of 3D visualization and the 3D interactive clipping of CT/MRI image sequence in arbitrary orientation based on the Visualization Toolkit (VTK). A new method for 3D CT/MRI reconstructed image clipping is presented, which can clip 3D object and 3D space of medical image sequence to observe the inner structure using 3D widget for manipulating an infinite plane. Experiment results show that the proposed method can implement 3D interactive clipping of medical image effectively and get satisfied results with good quality in short time.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
9.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 583-585, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437757

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse factors associated with onychomadesis in children,and to evaluate the relationship between onychomadesis and hand-foot-mouth disease (HMFD).Methods A retrospective study was performed.Clinical data were collected from 120 children with onychomadesis (average age,3.19 ± 2.06 years) and 120 sex-and age-matched patients with hemangioma.Viral detection was realized by real-time reverse transcriptionPCR in throat swab specimens.Data were analyzed by chi-square test using the SPSS 16.0 software.Results Of the 120 patients with onychomadesis,85 (70.83%) had a history of HMFD,which was 4 to 8 weeks prior to the occurrence of onychomadesis.Onychomadesis was strongly correlated with HMFD (OR,7.621,95% CI,4.292-13.531),but uncorrelated with the occurrence and peak of fever,abnormality of serum trace elements,existence of latent diseases,or the use of antipyretic drugs or antimicrobial drugs during the clinical course of HMFD (all P >0.05).Several viruses were detected in 39.7% of 68 throat swab specimens from patients with HMFD accompanied by onychomadesis,which included Coxsackievirus A16 in 9 patients,enterovirus 71 in 3 patients and unidentified enteroviruses in 15 patients.Conclusion Onychomadesis appears to be a complication of HMFD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 1217-1220, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441636

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of the expression levels of CXCL12 and CXCR4 of carbon dioxide (CO2) pneu-moperitoneum on nude mice xenografts from human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells in the same pressure at different times. Methods:A total of 40 animal models of human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cell-bearing nude mice xenografts were established. The animals were ran-domly divided into four groups (n=10), namely, the simple anesthesia group, 0.5 h laparotomy group, and 0.5 and 1 h CO2 pneumoperi-toneum groups. After the aforementioned treatments in the groups, the expression levels of CXCL12 and CXCR4 mRNAs of tumor tis-sues were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), whereas those of the CXCL12 and CXCR4 proteins were detected by Western blot. Results:The 40 animal models of human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cell-bearing nude mice were success-fully established. After the treatment, RT-PCR results reveal that the CXCL12 mRNA expression was significantly higher in the 1 h CO2 pneumoperitoneum group than that in the other three groups. However, no differences were observed in the CXCR4 mRNA expression of each group. Western blot analysis also obtained the same results. Conclusion:The expression level of CXCL12 in SKOV3 cells of the 1 h CO2 pneumoperitoneum group increased, which possibly promoted the growth of peritoneal tumors, and had a slight effect on tu-mor metastasis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1331-1332, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412859

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy of gestrinone and Sanjie zhentong capsule for the adjunctive treatment of endometriesis cyst of ovary after laparoscopic operation.Methods 116 patients with ovarian endometriosis cyst after laparoscopic operation were randomly divided into three groups:A group(gestfinone and Sanjie Zhentong capsule,n=42),after operation were given gestrinone(2.5mg each time,two times per-week for 3~months)and Sanjie zhentong capsule(4 pills each time,three times everyday for 3 months);B group(gestrinone,n=38),after operation were only given gestrinone(2.5mg each time,two times per-week for 3-6 months);C group(Sanjie zhentong capsules,n=36),after operation were only given Sanjie zhentong capsules(4 pills each time,three times everyday for 3 months).All patients were followed up for 6~12 months.Results The follow-up visit rate was 96.5%(112/116).A group,B group and C group,their excellence rate was respectively 97.5%,67.6%and 65.7%,their recurrence rate was respectively 2.5%,24.3%and 22.9%.There was significant difference between A group and B group.C group(P<0.05).Incidence rate of three groups'side effects was respectively 35.0%,29.7%and 14.3%,there was no significant difference among three groups(P>0.05).Conclusion The efficacy of gestfinone and Sanjie zhentong capsule for the adjunctive treatment of endometriosis cyst of ovary after laparoscopic operation was better than that of the only medicine treatment.

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