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1.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 269-273, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989257

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma (hereinafter referred to as asthma) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways composed of multiple cells (eosinophils, mast cells, T-lymphocytes, airway epithelial cells, etc.) and cellular components. Severe asthma is often recurrent and prolonged, and symptoms such as cough, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and wheezing are difficult to relieve, which seriously affects the patient's quality of life. At present, standard treatment with a combination of high-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators is recommended, but some patients still cannot be adequately controlled. This increases the patients' physical and mental burden and treatment costs. Asthma is a heterogeneous disease with multiple phenotypes, with wide variation in disease severity, type of airway inflammation, and therapeutic drugs, caused by a variety of pathophysiological mechanisms or endotypes. Individualized treatment for different individual pathogenesis in asthma patients is required, and targeted biological agents provide new hope for asthma patients. In this paper, the research progress of biological targeting agents in the treatment of asthma was reviewed.

2.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2420-2428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrieve and obtain relevant evidence of intra-abdominal pressure-oriented enteral nutrition assessment and management in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension, in order to provide evidence-based evidence for clinical medical staff to make enteral nutrition-related clinical decisions for patients with intra-abdominal hypertension.Methods:Systematic retrieval of Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, Chinese Biomedical Literature, UpToDate, PubMed, Cochrane Library, BMJ Best Practice and other English data, as well as domestic and foreign guidelines such as American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, etc. All evidence available on the Internet in both Chinese and English on intra-abdominal pressure-guided enteral nutrition strategies in adults with intra-abdominal hypertension, study types including clinical decision-making, systematic reviews/meta-analyses, evidence summaries, expert consensus, guidelines or related to the subject of this study closely related high-quality original research. The retrieval time was from the establishment of the database to November 2021. The literature evaluation tool was selected according to the research type. Two researchers trained in the evidence-based system independently evaluate the quality of the included literature, fully considering the clinical situation and expert opinions, and completed the evidence. Extracted and summarized.Results:Totally 13 articles were finally included, including 5 guidelines, 3 expert consensuses, 1 evidence summary and 4 original studies, and 29 evidence-based practice evidence of enteral nutrition in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension were collected, including the monitoring timing of enteral pressure, the pressure of enteral high pressure and the way of enteral nutrition, the pressure measurement of the abdominal cavity, the setting of abdominal pressure, the temperature conditions for early start of enteral nutrition, the selection of enteral pressure, the temperature setting of enteral nutrition nine aspects such as speed and regulation of internal nutrition and abdominal compartment syndrome prevention.Conclusions:This study summarizes the best evidence of intra-abdominal pressure management and enteral nutrition therapy in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension, and provides evidence-based basis for risk management, standardizing clinical practice, and ensuring treatment safety. In the stage of evidence transformation, clinical medical staff need to comprehensively weigh the benefits and risks of early enteral nutrition, and integrate evidence in combination with clinical practical application scenarios, so as to form a standardized early enteral nutrition management plan suitable for patients with intra-abdominal hypertension.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 997-1001, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907743

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on Braden scale, combined with local skin temperature and local tissue oxygen saturation as microcirculation indicators, to construct a pressure injury risk prognosis model for severe trauma patients, and develop a visual nomogram.Methods:All the trauma patients in the Emergency Intensive Care Unit (EICU) of a tertiary hospital in Zhejiang Province from June 1, 2020 to August 31, 2020 were selected. The Braden scale was used to assess the risk of pressure injury in the patient and measure the patient’s sacral injury. The skin temperature and blood oxygen saturation at the pressure site were used as indicators for microcirculation evaluation. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to construct a prognostic model and visual nomogram for severe trauma patients with stress injury based on Braden score combined with microcirculation evaluation indicators, and compared with the prediction model constructed by the Braden scale alone. The discrimination degree was judged by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. The C index performed internal verification of the model, H-L goodness-of-fit test, and the overall discrimination index to observe and predict the effect of the model.Results:A total of 152 patients were enrolled in this study, of which 33 (21.71%) had pressure injuries. The area under the curve of the Braden scale combined with local skin temperature and local tissue oxygen saturation was 0.866, and the internal verification C index of the model was 0.847. The H-L goodness of fit test result was 8.37 ( P=0.051), indicating that the model had good discrimination and consistency. The overall discrimination index of the model was 0.144 ( P=0.023). Conclusions:The Braden scale combined with local microcirculation indicators to construct a prognostic model of stress injury in severe trauma patients has good discrimination and consistency, and the predictive power of the Braden scale is improved by 14.4%. The construction of a nomogram can provide clinical rapid convenient and reliable forecasting tool.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2348-2353, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864786

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of peer education on improving compliance of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease.Methods:Totally 64 patients were randomly divided into two groups, namely, the experimental group and the control group with 32 cases in each group. Patients in the experimental group received routine education, nursing, and rehabilitation, plus the peer education treatment, whereas the control group only received routine treatment. The time lasts for 6 months. The compliance of cardiac rehabilitation and the score of China Questionnaire of Quality of Life in Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases (CQQC) were measured after 1 month, 3month and 6 month.Results:After 1, 3, and 6 months of intervention, the compliance of cardiac rehabilitation in the intervention group increased by 18.75%, 21.37%, and 21.88%, respectively, compared with the control group. After the first and third months of intervention, there was a statistically significant difference in the compliance rate of rehabilitation exercise between the intervention group and the control group ( χ2 values were 18.050, 16.946, respectively, P <0.05), and at the sixth month after intervention, the compliance of the two groups of patients with cardiac rehabilitation was not statistically significant ( χ2 value was 6.489, P> 0.05). After 1, 3, and 6 months of intervention, the quality of life scores of the intervention group were (88.68 ± 6.65), (81.90 ± 6.78), and (76.33 ± 5.90) points, and the quality of life scores of the control group were (84.75 ± 4.72), (75.67 ± 5.88), and (74.71 ± 9.47) points. There was significant difference in the scores of the two groups in the first and third months after the intervention ( t values were 2.235, 2.520, respectively, P<0.05); and in the sixth month after the intervention, the difference in the scores of the two groups wasn`t statistically significant ( t value was 1.049, P >0.05). Conclusion:Peer education can improve the compliance of cardiac rehabilitation and the score of CQQC in patients with coronary heart disease in 3 month, but further research is needed to confirm the long-term effect of peer education.

5.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 952-956, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881041

ABSTRACT

Constitutively expression of the pathway-specific activators is an effective method to activate silent gene clusters and improve natural product production. In this study, nine shunt products of aminoansamycins (1-9) were identified from a recombinant mutant strain S35-LAL by overexpressed the large-ATP-binding regulator of the LuxR family (LAL) gene aas1 in Streptomyces sp. S35. All the compounds showed no anti-microbial, anti-T3SS and cytotoxic activities.


Subject(s)
Biological Products/metabolism , Lactams, Macrocyclic/metabolism , Multigene Family , Organisms, Genetically Modified , Streptomyces/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 866-871, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743188

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the optimal dose of early enteral nutrition support in critically ill patients.Methods Systematic search database including PubMed,Web of science,Scopus,CINAHL,CBM,CNKI.RCTs about early enteral nutrition dose selections in critically ill patients were chosen according to include and exclude criteria by two researchers independently.Cochrane system evaluation manual bias risk assessment was used to evaluate quality of literature.RevMan5.3 Meta analysis software was used to analyze the data.Results A total of 1 571 literatures were retrieved and 8 RCT studies were included,2 713 subjects in total.Meta analysis results showed that there were statistically significant differences in mechanical ventilation time,incidence of diarrhea,and utilization rate of gastro dynamic drugs between trophic feeding and full feeding (P<0.05).There were no statistically significant differences in mortality,length of stay,incidence of nosocomial infections,reflux,vomiting,constipation,etc.(P>0.05).Conclusions Trophic feeding has familiar effects on mortality,length of hospital stay compared to full feeding,but it can help to shorten ICU mechanical ventilation time,improve the gastrointestinal tolerability.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1918-1920, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640606

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the clinical effect of carbomer eye gel combined with polyethylene glycol eye drops on the treatment of dry eye. ·METHODS:Totally 120 dry eye patients(240 eyes) were randomly divided into the observation group ( n = 60 cases) and the control group ( n=60 cases) . Two groups were given the polyethylene glycol eye drops. On the basis of this, the observation group were given the carbomer eye gel. The course of treatment was 1mo. The levels of IL-1β and TNF-α, eye symptom score [ ocular surface disease index ( OSDI ) , break-up time ( BUT ) , Schirmer Ⅰ test ( SⅠt ) , corneal fluorescein staining ( FL) ] , efficacy and adverse reactions in two groups were compared. ·RESULTS: After treatment, the levels of IL-1β and TNF-α, OSDI and FL in two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment and BUT and SⅠT were significantly higher than those before treatment, showing statistically significant differences ( P< 0. 05 ). Moreover, the levels of IL-1β and TNF-α, OSDI, BUT, SⅠT, FL in the observation group were improved better than those in the control group ( P<0. 05 ). The total effective rate of the control group was significantly lower than that of the observation group, indicating statistically significant difference (x2=5. 065, P=0. 024). There were no ocular symptoms and drug intolerance in two groups. · CONCLUSION: Carbomer eye gel combined with polyethylene glycol eye drops has obvious curative effect on dry eye, which is better than that treated by polyethylene glycol eye drops, and this combination does not increase the adverse reactions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 374-376, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490460
9.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 145-152, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121458

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have established a bovine mammary gland epithelia cells in vitro model by the adenovirus-mediated telomerase (hTERT-bMGEs). The present study was conducted to confirm whether hTERT-bMGEs were effective target cells to improve the efficiency of transgenic expression and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). To accomplish this, a mammary-specific vector encoding human lysozyme and green fluorescent protein was used to verify the transgenic efficiency of hTERT-bMGEs, and untreated bovine mammary gland epithelial cells (bMGEs) were used as a control group. The results showed that the hTERT-bMGEs group had much higher transgenic efficiency and protein expression than the bMGEs group. Furthermore, the nontransgenic and transgenic hTERT-bMGEs were used as donor cells to evaluate the efficiency of SCNT. There were no significant differences in rates of cleavage or blastocysts or hatched blastocysts of cloned embryos from nontransgenic hTERT-bMGEs at passage 18 and 28 groups (82.8% vs. 81.9%, 28.6% vs. 24.8%, 58.6% vs. 55.3%, respectively) and the transgenic group (80.8%, 26.5% and 53.4%); however, they were significantly higher than the bMGEs group (71.2%, 12.8% and 14.8%), (p < 0.05). We confirmed that hTERT-bMGEs could serve as effective target cells for improving development of somatic cell cloned cattle embryos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Blastocyst , Clone Cells , Embryonic Structures , Epithelial Cells , In Vitro Techniques , Mammary Glands, Human , Muramidase , Telomerase , Tissue Donors
10.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 69-72, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812171

ABSTRACT

Three new compounds, namely siderochelins D (2), E (3), and F (4), together with one known siderochelin A (1), were isolated from Amycolatopsis sp. LZ149 and elucidated by spectroscopic analyses including1D- and 2D-NMR and X-ray single crystal diffraction. Compounds 1-3 showed antibacterial activity against Mycobacterium smegmatis.


Subject(s)
Actinobacteria , Chemistry , Anti-Infective Agents , Pharmacology , Dihydropyridines , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Structure , Mycobacterium smegmatis
11.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-595239

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the drug resistance of ESBLs-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in local nosocomial infection,for guiding the clinical drug resistance. METHODS ATB analysis system was used for identification of bacteria,extra-susceptibility tests were detected by K-B method. RESULTS The isolation rate of ESBLs-producing E. coli and the K. pneumoniae was 29.9% and 30.8%,respectively. The drug susceptibility was indicated the resistance rate of ESBLs producing strains to antibacterial agents except imipenem was higher than that of non-ESBLs producing strains. CONCLUSIONS Detecting drug resistance of ESBLs producing strains is of important significance for guiding the clinical rational use of antibacterials and controling the epidemics.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1566-1568, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents from the stem bark of Trewia nudiflora.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The chemical constituents were isolated by silica gel and sephadex LH - 20 column chromatography, and the structures were elucidated by means of spectral analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Ten compounds were obtained from EtOAc fraction of EtOH extract and identified as stigmast-4-en-6beta-ol-3-one (1), stigmast-4-en-6alpha-ol-3-one (2), 7beta-hydroxysitosterol (3), 7alpha-hydroxysitosterol (4), schleicheol 2 (5), taraxerone (6), abbeokutone (7), beta-hydroxypropiovanillone (8), o-vanillyl alcohol (9), glycerol monopalmitate (10).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compounds 1-5 and 7-9 were isolated from this plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Gel , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Mallotus Plant , Chemistry , Plant Bark , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1037-1041, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276165

ABSTRACT

In order to research developmental competence of transgenic somatic cell by serial nuclear transplantation, goat cloned embryos were compared with recloned embryos in ability of in vitro development. Fetal fibroblasts including human finger-domain lacking t-PA gene was microinjected into cytoplasm of the MII oocytes. Goat embryos (G0) were cloned by this procedure. A single blastomere from 16 - 64-cell goat cloned embryos (G0) was microinjected into Intracytoplasm of the MII oocytes. Goat embryos (G) were cloned by this procedure. Goat embryos (G2, G3) were recloned by using 16 - 64-cell recloned embryos. The developmental time of donor embryo affected the developmental rate of recloned embryos (G1, G2). The results show: the cleavage rate of cloned embryos (G0) (76.45% +/- 1.17%) was no difference significantly with recloned embryos (G1 G2 G3) (72.18% +/- 1.97%, 76.05% +/- 2.38%, 75.99% +/- 2.84%); the developmental rate of morulae and blastocysts of cloned embryos (47.20% +/- 2.93%, 11.00% +/- 1.42%) were higher than these of recloned embryos(34.99% +/- 2.66%, 28.23% +/- 2.00%, 23.34% +/- 1.99%) (3.87% +/- 0.67%, 2.08% +/- 1.66%, 0); the morulae rate(29.57% +/- 1.53%, 24.43% +/- 1.87%) and blastocysts rate(1.96% +/- 1.31%, 2.01% +/- 1.34%) of recloned embryos (G1 G2) from 16-cell recloned embryos were lower than those(34.32% +/- 1.31%, 29.76% +/- 1.66% and 3.86% +/- 1.03%, 3.48% +/- 0.34% )from 32 - 64-cell recloned embryos (P > 0.05). In conclusion, nuclear transfer embryos should not were recloned mostly; and the embryos recloned by using 32 - 64-cell embryos achieved higher developmental ability compared with using 16-cell embryos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Animals, Genetically Modified , Blastomeres , Cell Biology , Physiology , Cloning, Organism , Methods , Embryo Culture Techniques , Embryo, Mammalian , Cell Biology , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Gene Deletion , Goats , Nuclear Transfer Techniques , Oocytes , Cell Biology , Physiology , RING Finger Domains , Genetics , Physiology , Tissue Plasminogen Activator , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591662

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the distribution and drug resistance status of extended-spectrum ?-lactamases producing(ESBLs) Klebsiella pneumoniae and to provide the basis for clinic anti-infective treatment.METHODS To use ATB-expression analyzer to identify the microbe.The drug susceptibility was tested with the K-B method and the ESBLs producing strains detected by diffusion confirmed test.RESULTS Among 137 strains of identified K.pneumoniae,34.3% of them(47 strains)produced ESBLs,and most had been shown in geriatrics ward.The drug resistance rate of ESBLs producing K.pneumoniae was higher than that in non-producing ESBLs one.So imipenem should be considered to be a preferred antibiotic when used on K.pneumoniae seriously infected cases.CONCLUSIONS The drug resistance of K.pneumoniae is a serious problem,we should pay attention on the status of ESBLs distribution,based on the susceptibility to choose the reasonable antibacterial to avoid the producing ESBLs bacteria spread out.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 895-897, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358063

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the chemical constituents from herb of Rhodobryum roseum.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The compounds were isolated by column chromatography, and identified by IR, NMR data.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>8 compounds were isolated and identified. They are piperine (1), caffeic acid methyl ester (2), uracil glucoside (3), ursolic acid (4), 5alpha, 8alpha-epidioxy-methylcholesta-6, 22-dien-3beta-ol (5), 5alpha, 8alpha-epidioxy-methylcholesta-6,9(11), 22-trien-3beta-ol (6), beta-sitosterol (7), daucosterol (8).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>7 compounds (1-6,8) were isolated from this plant for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Benzodioxoles , Bryophyta , Chemistry , Caffeic Acids , Chemistry , Piperidines , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polyunsaturated Alkamides , Sitosterols , Chemistry , Triterpenes , Chemistry
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 196-198, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345209

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find an effective operative procedure against reflux after esophagogastric anastomosis with mucosal valve.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four hundred and sixty-four patients with esophageal or cardiac cancer were randomly divided into three groups according to anastomosis modes. Group A underwent esophagogastric anastomosis with mucosal valve (175 cases), group B with mechanical stapler (151 cases) and group C one layer anastomosis with handcraft suture (138 cases). The gastroesophageal reflux index (GERI) was examined by isotope,and 24 h esophageal pH was also monitored. The esophageal motor function was compared among three groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The reflux rates were 0, 33.3%, and 6.7% in group A, B, C respectively. The esophageal motor function and the 24 h esophageal pH monitoring indicated that the various indexes were approaching to the normal level in group A, but the various indexes in group B and C were significantly different from the normal values (P< 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The esophagogastric anastomosis with mucosal valve has better antireflux effect and can prevent the reflux esophagitis after esophageal or cardiac cancer eradication.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Esophageal Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Esophagus , General Surgery , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Heart Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Mucous Membrane , General Surgery , Stomach , General Surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; (24)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593160

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the drug resistance of ESBLs-producing Escherichia coli in community-acquired urinary tract infection for guiding the clinical drug-using.METHODS ATB-Expression analysis system was used for identification of bacteria,extra-susceptibility tests were detected by K-B method.RESULTS Totally 104 E.coli strains were detected,the isolation rate of ESBLs-producing E.coli was 13.5%,the resistant rates of E.coli were up to 70% to ampicillin,piperacillin and Co-trimoxazole,the resistant rate was up to 55% to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin,and the susceptible rate was 100% to imipenem.CONCLUSIONS The E.coli is a main pathogen in community-acquired urinary tract infection,Its drug resistance is extremely severe.To enhance detecting drug resistance of pathogenic bacteria is of important significance for guiding the clinical rational drug-using and reducing drug-resistant strains.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 768-769, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272804

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the content of isopimpinellin in root of Toddalia asiatica.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A HPLC method was set up. Using Hypersil C18 column and methanol-water (70:30) as mobile phase, with the detection wavelength at 306 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The linear range of isopimpinellin was 0.004 20 approximately 0.420 microg. The average recovery was 99.7% and the RSD 2.8%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is simple and accurate, with good reproducibility, and can be used as a quantitative analysis method for isopimpinellin.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Furocoumarins , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rutaceae , Chemistry
19.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685185

ABSTRACT

Mycoepoxydiene is a novel antitumor agent extracted from marine lignicolous fungi HLY-2, which is Diaporthe phaseolorum by molecule identification. The medium optimization for mycoepoxydiene by orthogonal design and the comparison of submerged fermentation and solid state fermentation were studied. The rusult is that the maximal yield of the compound is 543mg/L, which is 43 times compared to the customary half-seawater PD medium and 15 times to the best submerged condition. This optimum culture medium included potato 250g/L, seawater 300mL/L, glucose 30g/L, lactose 50g/L, KH_ 2 PO_ 4 0.65mmol/L and (NH_ 4 )_ 2 SO_ 4 1g/L in the solid state condition. Differentiation analysis between submerged and solid state fermentation, and antitumor activity of these ferment products were also studied. The antitumor activity of products of the optimum medium approached the pure compound.

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