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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1084-1088, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy difference between conventional needling depth and deep needling for dyspepsia after ischemic stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with dyspepsia after ischemic stroke were randomized into an observation group (60 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (60 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Basic treatment was given in the both groups. In the observation group, deep needling was applied at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25) and Liangmen (ST 21) for 60-70 mm, after even reinforcing-reducing manipulation of lifting-thrusting technique, the needles were withdrew to 35-50 mm. In the control group, the same acupoints as the observation group were selected and punctured for 25 mm. The needles were retained for 30 min, once a day, 6 times a week for 2 weeks in the both groups. The dyspepsia TCM symptom score was observed before treatment, 1 day and 1, 2 weeks into treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated 2 weeks into treatment in the both groups.@*RESULTS@#The effective rate was 92.9% (52/56) in the observation group, which was superior to 78.9% (45/57) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Conventional needling depth and deep needling can both improve the clinical symptoms in patients with dyspepsia after ischemic stroke, and deep needling has faster and better efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Ischemia , Dyspepsia/therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke/therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) of spleen deficiency and damp excess among fire needling therapy with filiform needle combined with acupoint application therapy, simple acupoint application therapy and pinaverium bromide tablets, and explore the mechanism on the improvements in IBS-D.@*METHODS@#A total of 150 patients with IBS-D of spleen deficiency and damp excess were randomized into a combined treatment group (50 cases, 14 cases dropped off), an acupoint application group (50 cases, 16 cases dropped off ) and a western medication group (50 cases, 13 cases dropped off ). In the western medication group, pinaverium bromide tablets were prescribed for oral administration, 50 mg per time, three times a day. In the acupoint application group, the herbal plaster of @*RESULTS@#Except the score for abdominal pain in the acupoint application group and the scores for abdominal pain and abdominal distention in the western medication group after 7 days of treatment, the scores for abdominal pain, abdominal distention, defecation frequency, stool form and incomplete bowel movement after 7 and 28 days of treatment were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in each group separately (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined treatment with the fire needling therapy with filiform needle and the acupoint application therapy effectively relieves the clinical symptoms, improves the quality of life and strengthens the immunity in the patients with IBS-D. The therapeutic effect of this combined regimen is better than either simple acupoint application therapy or the oral medication of pinaverium bromide. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of the levels of T lymphocyte subsets and the modulation of the expressions of 5-HT3R and 5-HT4R mRNA in colon tissue.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Spleen , Treatment Outcome
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1851-1857, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of ascorbic acid single or combination of decitabine on tumor cells of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and explore its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#The human MDS cell lines SKM-1 and MUTZ-1 were treated with different concentrations of ascorbic acid, and the cell proliferation activity was detected by the CCK-8 assay. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, labile iron pool (LIP), cell cycle, and apoptosis of SKM-1 and MUTZ-1 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The control group, ascorbic acid monotherapy group, decitabine monotherapy group, and combination group of ascorbic acid and decitabine were set up, the cell proliferation activity and apoptosis were detected in each group.@*RESULTS@#High-dose ascorbic acid could reduce the cell proliferation activity of SKM-1 (R=0.886, p=0.000) and MUTZ-1 (R=0.880, p=0.000). With the increase of ascorbic acid concentration, the ROS level in SKM-1 and MUTZ-1 cells increased (r=0.816, r=0.942), the proportion of cells stagnation in G@*CONCLUSION@#High-dose ascorbic acid shows a cytotoxic effect on MDS tumor cells, inhibiting cell proliferation and increasing apoptosis. Ascorbic acid combined decitabine have a synergistic effect of anti-MDS tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Decitabine , Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the endoscopic and pathological characteristics of gastric adenomatous polyps and to assess the potential risk factors for canceration of gastric adenomatous polyps.@*METHODS@#The endoscopic and pathological characteristics of the patients with gastric adenomatous polyps from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2019 were summarized retrospectively, and the risk factors of canceration were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 125 patients with gastric adenomatous polyps were included, 51.20% of whom were females. The average age was (66.7±12.3) years. 64.80% of patients with gastric adenomatous polyps equal or more than 65 years old, and only 5.60% of the patients less than 45 years old. Adenomatous polyps were mostly distributed in the corpus and antrum with 40.80% and 32.80%, respectively. The majority of them were single (90.40%) and sessile (76.81%). 65.4% of adenomatous polyps were no more than 1.0 cm in diameter, and 23.20% of patients with adenomatous polyps were combined with hyperplastic polyps and/or fundus glandular polyps, and 1.60% had both pathological types of polyps. 58.62% (17/29) patients with hyperplastic polyps and/or fundus glandular polyps had multiple polyps. 1.60% (2/125) of the patients had gastric neuroendocrine tumor of G1 stage. Synchronous gastric cancer was detected in 13.60% (17/125) of the patients with adenomatous polyps, and the proportion of low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia was 18.40% (23/125). The main types of synchronous gastric cancer were progressive (70.59%) and undifferentiated (66.67%). Chronic atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia was found in 52.80% of the patients, and autoimmune gastritis accounted for 11.20%. The positive rate of Helicobacter pylori was 21.60%. The canceration rate of gastric adenomatous polyps was 20.80%. The cancer was mainly differentiated, but there was sigmoid ring cell carcinoma as well. Diameter of >1.0 cm (OR=5.092, 95%CI: 1.447-17.923, P=0.011), uneven surface morphology and erosion (OR=13.749, 95%CI: 1.072-176.339, P=0.044) were independent risk factors of adenomatous polyps.@*CONCLUSION@#The synchronous gastric cancer is common and the canceration of gastric adenomatous polyps is high with diameter and surface morphology as independent risk factors. We should pay attention to the identification of the pathological types of polyps and the evaluation of the whole gastric mucosa during the endoscopic examination.


Subject(s)
Adenomatous Polyps/epidemiology , Aged , Female , Gastric Mucosa , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical efficacy of Xuesusheng granule for cancer related fatigue (CRF) deficiency of both Qi and blood in clinical practice, and to investigate its effect on immune function and quality of life. Method:According to random number table method, 118 patients were divided into observation group (59 cases) and control group (59 cases). Patients in control group got Ejiao Huangqi oral liquid, 10-20 mL/time, 2 times/day. Patients in observation group got Xuesusheng granule, 10 g/time, 3 times/day. The treatment was continued for 8 weeks in both groups. Before and after treatment, scores of cancer fatigue scale (CFS), functional assessment of cancer therapy (FACT) and Qi and blood deficiency syndrome were graded, and degree of fatigue was discussed with brief fatigue inventory scale-Chinese (BFI-C). Levels of white blood cell count (WBC), neutrophil count (NEU), platelet count (PLT), red blood cell count (RBC), and hemoglobin (Hb) were compared before and after treatment.T lymphocyte subsets of (CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>) levels, natural killer (NK) cells, interleukin-1(IL-1), IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor -<italic>α</italic> (TNF -<italic>α</italic>) were also detected, and the safety was evaluated. Result:After treatment the scores of each factor in CFS scale and the total score of CFS in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the degree of fatigue was lower than that in control group (<italic>Z</italic>=2.101, <italic>P</italic><0.05). The total score of FACT and the scores of four dimensions of physiology, society/family, emotion and function in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of WBC, NEU, RBC and Hb in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Scores of BFI-C, deficiency of Qi and blood<italic> </italic>were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Levels of NK, CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup> and CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup> in the observation group were all higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the IL-1, CD8<sup>+</sup>, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> levels in observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Not observed, there was no adverse reaction related to Xususheng granule. Conclusion:Xuesusheng granule can improve the symptoms of fatigue, reduce the degree of fatigue, improve the quality of life, reduce the degree of bone marrow suppression, improve immune function, and regulate immune inflammatory factors with high clinical efficacy in the use for patients with CRF and deficiency of Qi and blood.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876378

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore associations between short-term exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and hospital outpatient visits. Methods Daily outpatient visit data were obtained from 5 hospitals in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou, the three major cities in China.The study period was from 2013 to 2015.The causes of disease were determined in accordance to the International Classification of Disease 10th version, with the codes A00-R99.Daily air pollution data were from the nearest state-controlled environmental monitoring stations.City-level environmental factors were acquired, including temperature and relative humidity.A time-series generalized additive model (GAM) was adopted to explore the effect of daily NO2 exposure on hospital outpatient visits, after controlling the time trends, day of week (DOW), holiday, and environmental factors.Then a random-effect meta-analysis was used to pool the results across cities.We also explored the lag structure, two-pollutant models, and potential seasonal effect. Results During the study period, the average daily outpatient visits were 3 949.The average NO2 exposure level was 55.3 μg/m3.The lag analysis showed that NO2 exposure had the greatest effect on outpatient visits every day. For a 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2, outpatient visits remarkably increased by 0.85% (95%CI:0.51%-1.19%).The associations of NO2 remained robust after controlling co-pollutants, including fine particulate matter, ozone, sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide.The effects of NO2 were more in cool seasons, and the exposure-response curves between NO2 and outpatient visits were nearly linear. Conclusions Short-term exposure to NO2 increases the risk of hospital outpatient visits in major cities, suggesting a need to further lower exposure levels of NO2 in China.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942014

ABSTRACT

Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is an unusual vascular tumor associated with human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) infection, which is common in immunosuppressors. Although extremely rare, iatrogenic (drug-related) KS can occur in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative patients under immunosuppressive therapy. We report a 64-year-old male diagnosed with ulcerative colitis for 1 year. He was treated with methylprednisolone because of an acute severe disease flare. He presented with several popular violet lesions on the body 4 months after steroid therapy. Histological examination of skin biopsies showed Kaposi's sarcoma associated with HHV-8. The skin lesions regressed after steroid withdrawal and chemotherapy. Two key words "Kaposi's sarcoma" and "inflammatory bowel disease" were searched in Wanfang data and CNKI, but no relevant articles were found. Thirty-eight articles in English were retrieved on PubMed with the key words of ("ulcerative colitis" OR "Crohn's disease" OR "inflammatory bowel disease") AND (Kaposi sarcoma). Twenty-five cases of Kaposi's sarcoma related to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) were reported. Including this case, the majority of 26 Kaposi's sarcoma related IBD patients were male (80.8%, 21/26). The average age was (51.1 ± 16.4) years. Twenty cases were ulcerative colitis and 6 were Crohn's disease. All the patients received immunomodulatory therapy, including glucocorticoid, azathioprine/mercaptopurine, methotrexate, cyclosporin and anti tumor necrosis factor α antibody. Thirteen cases were positive for HHV-8. There were 18 cases involving the distal ileum and colorectum only, 3 cases involving skin only, and 5 cases involving both skin and colorectum at the same time. Overall, the prognosis was good. Three patients only stopped immunosuppressive therapy, 1 received radiotherapy, 1 received chemotherapy, and 20 received surgery. Kaposi's sarcoma could be seen in IBD patients with immunomodulatory therapy. It is very important to distinguish from the skin lesions related to IBD or drug treatment. The adverse reactions of immunomodulatory therapy should not be ignored. In addition, attention should be paid to the cooperation of multi-disciplinary team, which can diagnose and treat rare cases earlier and more accurately.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Herpesvirus 8, Human , Humans , Immunosuppression Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Sarcoma, Kaposi
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773178

ABSTRACT

Epimedii Folium,a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine,has the effect of tonifying kidney Yang,strengthening bones and treating rheumatism. However,in recent years,the number of reports on adverse reactions of Epimedii Folium and its Chinese patent medicines such as Xianling Gubao Capsules and Zhuanggu Guanjie Pills has been gradually increased,and the toxicity of Epimedii Folium has attracted more and more attention. In this article,the ancient and modern literature on Epimedii Folium was traced through a comprehensive and systematic literature analysis method. According to the 2015 edition of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia,Epimedii Folium refers to the dried leaves of Epimedii Folium brevicomu,E. sugittutum,E. pubescens or E. koreuuum. The Chinese Pharmacopoeia also includes E. wushanense of Wushan Epimedium,which is the same plant variety as Epimedium. The study showed that there were differences in the geographical distribution,composition and toxicity among five species of Epimedium. This paper also explained the toxicity mechanism as well as efficacy enhancing and toxicity reducing effects of Epimedii Folium,and reported its related adverse reaction cases. Through a retrospective comparative study on the toxicity of the modern Chinese patent medicines Xianling Gubao Capsules and Zhuanggu Guanjie Pills containing Epimedii Folium,it was believed that Epimedii Folium had cardiovascular system toxicity,neurotoxicity,hepatotoxicity,long-term toxicity,acute toxicity,genotoxicity and special toxicity; its safe medication factors included patient syndrome,doctor factors,drug factors,processing and compatibility factors. Meanwhile,strategies were proposed to improve patient safety medication awareness,standardize Epimedii Folium varieties and quality supervision,and the toxicity of Epimedii Folium was studied,hoping to draw attention from scholars to the safety of Epimedii Folium,improve the safe use of Epimedii Folium,and prevent adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Epimedium , Chemistry , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Retrospective Studies
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 827-833, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a known complication of hip arthroscopy. We investigated incidence of HO after hip arthroscopy and determined whether revision for HO improved outcome.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted on 242 patients (140 men and 102 women, mean age: 36.2 ± 9.5 years) who underwent hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) between January 2016 and January 2018. The average follow-up period was 22.88 ± 11.74 months (range: 11-34 months). Thirteen (5.37%) cases of HO (six men and seven women, five left hips and eight right hips; mean age: 37.5 ± 4.7 years) were observed. Among them, four cases with HO with obvious pain symptoms and persistent non-remission underwent revision surgery to remove HO. Monthly follow-up was conducted. Visual analog scale (VAS), modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), and non-Arthritis Hip Score (NAHS) were evaluated and compared between HO and non-HO patients. Independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test and the Chi-square test were used for inter-group comparisons. HO degree was evaluated using Brooker classification. Symptoms and function were evaluated before and after revision.@*RESULTS@#A total of 242 patients were involved in this study. Thirteen cases (5.4%) had imaging evidence of HO. Nine (9/13) were classified as Brooker stage I, three (3/13) Brooker stage II, and one (1/13) Brooker stage III. HO was detected by ultrasonography as early as 3 weeks after operation. After primary surgery, the mHHS of the HO group and non-HO group increased by 13.00 (8.50, 25.50) and 24.00 (14.00, 34.50) points (Z = -1.80, P = 0.08), NAHS increased by 18.00 (9.50, 31.50) and 26.00 (13.50, 36.00) points (Z = -1.34, P = 0.18), and VAS decreased by 3.00 (2.00, 4.00) and 4.00 (3.00, 4.50) points (Z = -1.55, P = 0.12). Average follow-up time after revision was 9.00 ± 2.94 months; mHHS increased by 34.75 points (t = -55.23, P < 0.01) and NAHS by 28.75 points (t = -6.03, P < 0.01), and VAS decreased by 4 points (t = 9.80, P < 0.01). HO and non-HO patients were similar for demographic and surgical data, and clinical and functional scores.@*CONCLUSION@#HO incidence after arthroscopic treatment of FAI is similar to that found in previous studies. Most HO have no effect on clinical symptoms. Patients who undergo revision HO resection show improvement in pain and joint function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Femoracetabular Impingement , General Surgery , Hip Joint , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ossification, Heterotopic , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941853

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide new concepts of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction by anatomical gross observation of ACL tibial insertion and finite element analysis of distribution of ACL mechanical insertion.@*METHODS@#In the anatomical study, ten fresh adult cadaveric knees were dissected, including 6 males and 4 females, all knees were generally observed through standard medial parapatellar approaches, paying attention to the close anatomical relationship of tibial insertion and anterior horn of lateral meniscus, and ACL was exposed and gradually removed from the inside. The shape of tibial insertion of ACL was observed and recorded, and anterior-posterior diameters and left-right diameters of tibial insertion were measured with vernier caliper. For the study of finite element analysis, three-dimensional thin-layer magnetic resonance imaging of normal knee joint was used to establish knee joint model. Three-dimensional reconstruction software MIMICS and finite element analysis software ANSYS were used to establish knee joint model, subsequently, clinical physical examination Lachman test and pivot-shift test were simulated to observe the force distribution of ACL tibial insertion and femoral insertion.@*RESULTS@#The ACL tibial mechanical insertion was rather flat and long similar as an arc shape without a clear separation between anterior medial bundle (AMB) and posterolateral bundle (PLB) in gross observation. The dense fibers lies belonged to the medial intercondylar ridge and ended up anterior with the osseous landmark of anterior ridge. Its average anterior-posterior diameter was (13.8±2.0) mm, the average left-right diameter of midsubstance was (5.3±0.6) mm, and the average left-right diameter of anterior margin was (11.5±1.2) mm. The finite element analysis showed that distribution on the femoral side was oval shape mainly below the residents' ridge, while the tibial side was rather flat mainly along the medial intercondylar ridge, which was consistent with the anatomical observation. The biomechanical characteristics of ACL attachments were verified theoretically.@*CONCLUSION@#Anatomical study and finite element analysis have confirmed the flat arc shape of ACL tibial insertion. The ideal reconstruction technique of ACL should be based on its biomechanical insertion. Based on anatomical study and biomechanical analysis, we have proposed the idea of ACL biomechanical insertion reconstruction (BIR) and established a surgical model with oval femoral tunnel and rounded-rectangle tibial tunnel.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cadaver , Female , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Knee Joint , Male , Tibia
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810408

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of fine particulate matters (PM2.5) exposure on emergency visits and outpatient visits of 5 hospitals in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou from 2013 to 2015.@*Methods@#Using convenient sampling method, 5 general hospitals in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou were selected which included Beijing hospital, China-Japan friendship hospital, Xinhua hospital affiliated to Shanghai jiaotong University School of Medicine, the liwan hospital of the third affiliated hospital and the first affiliated hospital of Guangzhou Medical University. The emergency and outpatient data, air pollution monitoring data and meteorological data were collected from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015. A generalized additive model was used to analyze the effect of PM2.5 exposure on daily hospital emergency and outpatient visits, and Meta analysis was used to obtain the combined effect value.@*Results@#The number of emergency and outpatient visits of 5 hospitals was 1 378 501 and 18 139 779 in total, respectively. The mean±SD of PM2.5 exposures in Beijing hospital, China-Japan friendship hospital, Xinhua hospital affiliated to Shanghai jiaotong University School of Medicine, the liwan hospital of the third affiliated hospital and the first affiliated hospital of Guangzhou Medical University were (81.8±68.7), (83.2±69.7), (54.4±34.1), (43.5±24.8) μg/m3, respectively. Results of single pollutant model analysis showed that 0-1 day lag concentrations of PM2.5 had the largest effect on emergency visits and outpatient visits. For a 10 μg/m3 increase of PM2.5 concentration, excess risk (ER) (95%CI) of emergency and outpatient visits was 0.56% (0.14%, 0.99%) and0.63% (0.07%, 1.19%), respectively. After adjusting for O3, NO2, SO2, and CO, for a 10 μg/m3 increase of PM2.5 concentrations, the ER (95%CI) of emergency visits was 0.50% (0.10%, 0.90%), 0.34% (-0.02%, 0.69%), 0.36% (0.02%, 0.69%) and 0.56% (0.10%, 1.03%), respectively and the ER (95% CI) of outpatient visits was 0.65% (0.08%, 1.21%), 0.29% (-0.17%, 0.75%), 0.48% (-0.06%, 1.03%) and 0.48%(-0.02%, 0.99%), respectively.@*Conclusion@#Our results suggested that PM2.5 exposure can increase emergency and outpatient visits of 5 hospitals in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.

12.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1292-1294, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705984

ABSTRACT

The progressive encephalopathy with edema,hypsarrhythmia,and optic atrophy (PEHO) syndrome is a unique pediatric neurodevelopmental disorder,characterized by a combination of severe mental retardation,early onset epileptic seizures,pedal edema,optic/cerebellar atrophy,and early death.The affected individuals have neither optic atrophy nor the typical neuroradiological findings has been described as PEHO-like syndrome.At present,there are few reports about PEHO syndrome in China.In this study,we summarizes the incidence,etiology,clinical manifestations,and related genes of PEHO syndrome,and aims to provide assistance for future clinical work.

13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 602-607, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689713

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To identify genetic susceptibility genes and the loci of their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in patients with testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) and provide some new ideas for the prediction, diagnosis and treatment of TGCT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We identified 41 SNP loci of TGCT-related genetic susceptibility genes from the literature published abroad. Using the iMLDRTM genotyping technique, we examined the SNP loci of the genetic susceptibility genes in the blood samples from 76 TGCT patients (aged 16-68 years) and 148 healthy men (aged 22-61 years) in China and analyzed their correlation with TGCT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In China, TGCT was found to be correlated with the SNP loci rs2978381, rs10146204, rs12435857 and rs1256063 of the ESR2 gene, rs9397080 of the ESR1 gene, rs11202586 of the PTEN gene, rs2606345 and rs4646903 of the CYP1A1 gene, and rs1456432 of the CYP19A1 gene.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results of our study indicated some difference in the positive SNP loci of the TGCT patients between Chinese and foreign cohorts as well as in different groups in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , China , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Testicular Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Young Adult
14.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 828-831, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812960

ABSTRACT

@#Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare hematopoietic neoplasm with high malignancy and rapid progression. BPDCN is sensitive to chemotherapy, but it is prone to relapse and drug resistance, and the survival time is short. We report a case of BPDCN hospitalized in our department. In this case, the skin lesions were the first manifestation. The diagnosis of BPDCN was confirmed by the skin biopsy. Initially, this patient was sensitive to the lymphoma chemotherapy but the disease relapsed quickly, spreading to the lungs and mediastinum. Then, we treated the patient with myeloid regimen, which was no efficacy. The patient eventually died with an overall survival of 17 months.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1809-1814, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335705

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene has been identified as a candidate gene for susceptibility to Parkinson's disease (PD), but results from genetic association studies to date are inconsistent. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis of published case-control studies to evaluate the association of the extensively studied VDR ApaI (G/T), BsmI (G/A), FokI (C/T), and TaqI (T/C) gene polymorphisms with risk of PD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Electronic search at PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Weipu database, and Wanfang database was conducted to identify all relevant studies. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) values was applied to evaluate the strength of the association.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of seven studies with 2034 PD cases and 2432 controls were included in the meta-analysis following the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Overall, no significant association between ApaI, BsmI, and TaqI gene polymorphisms and PD susceptibility in all four genetic models was found (T vs. G: OR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.89-1.12, P = 0.97; A vs. G: OR = 0.94, 95% CI: 0.77-1.15, P = 0.53; C vs. T: OR = 1.03, 95% CI: 0.85-1.25, P = 0.77) while a significant association between FokI (C/T) and PD risk was observed (C vs. T: OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.14-1.75, P = 0.001; CC vs. TT: OR = 2.45, 95% CI: 1.52-3.93, P = 0.0002; CT vs. TT: OR = 2.21, 95% CI: 1.38-3.52, P = 0.0009, CC vs. CT+TT: OR = 2.32, 95% CI: 1.49-3.61, P = 0.0002).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Polymorphisms of ApaI, BsmI, and TaqI may not be associated with the susceptibility to PD while the FokI (C/T) polymorphism is possibly associated with increased PD risk. However, conclusions should be cautiously interpreted due to the relatively small number of studies included.</p>


Subject(s)
Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Humans , Parkinson Disease , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics , Receptors, Calcitriol , Genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 215-218, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425121

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy of radical transurethral bladder tumor resection plus chemotherapy for the treatment of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Methods Thirty-two patients,who were diagnosed muscle-invasive bladder cancer by preoperative CT and cystoscopy and not tolerating or rejecting radical cystectomy were treated by transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBt).The maximum diameter of tumor ranged from 1 - 5 cm,3 cm on average.After conventional intravenous chemotherapy ( docetaxel 75 mg/m2 + oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2),and given intravenous therapy (HCPT 20 mg + 20 ml saline).Regular cystoscopy was used to monitor tumor recurrence.The examination was performed quarterly in the first 2 years post operation,twice a year since the third year.ResultsThe tumors of 32 cases were resected completely.Operative time were 15 -70 min,the blood loss was 10 -150 ml,without serious complications during the operation.Pathological report showed 32 cases of transitional cell carcinoma.Clinical stages were T2a 20 cases,T2b 12 cases.Pathological grade were G2 13 cases,G3 19 cases.There was no bone marrow suppression,anemia or other severe complications was seen in 32 cases that received chemotherapy.3 of which manifested as low fever,mild nausea,and headache,respectively,having a rest 2 to 3 days the symptoms disappeared.32 patients were followed up for 3 - 60 months,a mean of 28 months.After 1 year the recurrence rate was 9.4% (3/32),after 2 years was 12.5% (4/32).The TNM stage of these recurrence cases were 4 cases with T2a and 3 cases with T2b.12 patients died,5 patients died of bladder cancer metastasis.Other 20 patients were survival with no recurrence.ConclusionRadical TURBt plus chemotherapy could be a treatment for the selected patients with muscle invasive bladder cancer.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297012

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe into the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Shuigou (GV 26) on mild and moderate shock.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With 3-center randomized control study method, 276 cases were assigned to an EA plus medicine group and a medication group, 138 cases in each group. They were treated respectively with western medicine plus EA at Shuigou (GV 26), and simple western medicine. Their curative effects were observed after treatment for 6 hours.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The blood pressure was immediately increased in the EA plus medicine group and the increase of blood pressure was earlier than that in the medication group (P<0.001). The markedly effective rate of 52.9% in the EA plus medicine group was significantly higher than 18.1% in the medication group (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The therapeutic effect of EA at Shuigou (GV 26) plus western medicine on mild and moderate shock is better than that of simple western medicine.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Shock , Therapeutics
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348407

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture at Zhongwan (CV 12) for treatment of peptic ulcer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and seventy-six cases enrolled were randomly divided into an acupuncture group and a control group, 138 cases in the acupuncture group were treated with deep needling at Zhongwan (CV 12) with a long needle, and 138 cases in the control group were treated with climetidine. The therapeutic effects were evaluated by clinical symptoms and gastroscopy. They were investigated for 6 weeks.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The acupuncture group was better than the control group in rapid alleviation of stomachache and improvement of appetite (P < 0.05). The total effective rate was 90.6% in the acupuncture group and 88.4% in the control group with no significant difference (P > 0.05). The symptoms improved significantly in the two groups (P < 0.01), but with no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the therapeutic effect of gastroscopy (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at Zhongwan (CV 12) has a reliable therapeutic effect on peptic ulcer.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peptic Ulcer , Therapeutics
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