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1.
Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences ; : 70-77, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012644

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: University students’ perspectives on mental health issues remain scarce despite the growing prevalence of mental illness among this population. Therefore, this study aimed to explore university students’ perceptions and beliefs about mental health and mental illness. Methods: Virtual in-depth interviews were conducted from December 2021 to March 2022. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis. Results: Sixteen informants from a Malaysian university were interviewed. Four major themes emerged: (1) understanding of mental health and mental illness; (2) perceived causes of mental illness; (3) attitudes towards mental illness; (4) strategies to maintain good mental health. Most informants related mental health to an individual’s thoughts, emotions and behaviours, while a minority equated ‘mental health’ with ‘mental illness’. The majority of informants cited socio-environmental factors as the primary cause of mental illness. Unexpectedly, informants did not view religious factors as a cause of mental illness, although it was thought to be deeply rooted in the older generation. Nearly all informants expressed positive attitudes and willingness to help people with mental illness. However, some informants decided to cover up their mental health problems to avoid the likelihood of experiencing negative emotions. Most informants believed that living a fulfilling and balanced life, staying optimistic and being religious could help them to maintain good mental health. Conclusion: To mitigate the deterioration of students’ mental health, it is necessary to understand their perceptions and beliefs about mental health and mental illness as these may influence their help-seeking behaviours. The study findings showed that university students have a basic understanding of mental health and mental illness and most of them are supportive in handling people with mental illness.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 794-800, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of pure Chinese herbal extract Mangiferin on the malignant biological behaviors of multiple myeloma (MM) cells, and to analyze the molecular mechanism of the anti-myeloma effect of Mangiferin, so as to provide experimental basis for MM replacement therapy.@*METHODS@#U266 and RPMI8226 of human MM cell lines were intervened with different concentrations of Mangiferin. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method. Annexin V/PI double staining flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. Western blot was used to detect the expression of apoptosis and related signaling pathway proteins, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR) family.@*RESULTS@#Mangiferin could inhibit the proliferation activity of U266 and RPMI8226 cells and induce cells apoptosis. After Mangiferin intervened in U266, RPMI8226 cells for 48 h, the expression of Bcl-2 family pro-apoptotic protein Bax was up-regulated, while the expression of survivin and Bcl-xL proteins was down-regulated and caspase-3 was hydrolyzed and activated to promote cell apoptosis, besides, the expression of Bcl-2 protein in U266 cells was also significantly down-regulated to induce apoptosis (P<0.05). After Mangiferin intervenes in MM cells, it can not only increase the expression level of tumor suppressor p53, but also induce programmed cell death of MM cells by inhibiting the expression of anti-apoptotic molecules and down-regulating the phosphorylation levels of AKT and NF-κB. In addition, after the intervention of Mangiferin, the expressions of CXCR4, MMP2 and MMP9 in U266 cells were down-regulated (P<0.05), while there is no effect on the expressions of CXCR2, CXCR7 and MMP13 (P>0.05). However, the expressions of CXCR4, MMP9, and MMP13 in RPMI8226 cells were down-regulated (P<0.01), the expression of MMP2 was weakly affected, and the expression of CXCR2 and CXCR7 was basically not affected (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Mangiferin can inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of MM cells, and its mechanism may be related to inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway, affecting the expression of Bcl-2 family proteins, and inhibiting the expression of core members of MMP and CXCR family.


Subject(s)
Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13 , Cell Line, Tumor , NF-kappa B , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 364-376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and analyze the effect of CXC chemokine receptor 1/2 (CXCR1/2) targeting inhibitor Reparixin combined with cytarabine (Ara-C) on the malignant biological behaviors of acute myeloid leukemia cells and its effect on the expression of the CXCR family, while exploring the accompanying molecular mechanism, providing scientific basis and reference for new molecular markers and targeted therapy for AML.@*METHODS@#Acute myeloid leukemia U937 cells were treated with different concentrations of Reparixin, Ara-C alone or in combination, and the cell morphology was observed under an inverted microscope; Wright-Giemsa staining was used to detect cell morphological changes; CCK-8 method was used to detect cell proliferation; the ability of cell invasion was detected by Transwell chamber method; the ability of colony formation was detected by colony formation assay; cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 fluorescent staining and Annexin V/PI double-staining flow cytometry; monodansylcadaverine(MDC) staining was used to detect cell autophagy; the expression of apoptosis, autophagy and related signaling pathway proteins was detected by Western blot and the expression changes of CXCR family were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#Reparixin could inhibit the proliferation, invasion, migration and clone formation ability of U937 cells. Compared with the single drug group, when U937 cells were intervened by Reparixin combined with Ara-C, the malignant biological behaviors such as proliferation, invasion and colony formation were significantly decreased, and the levels of apoptosis and autophagy were significantly increased (P<0.01). After Reparixin combined with Ara-C intervenes in U937 cells, it can up-regulate the expression of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax and significantly down-regulate the expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2, and also hydrolyze and activate Caspase-3, thereby inducing cell apoptosis. Reparixin combined with Ara-C could up-regulate the expressions of LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 proteins in U937 cells, and the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ in cells was significantly up-regulated compared with single drug or control group (P<0.01). MDC result showed that the green granules of vesicles increased significantly, and a large number of broken cells were seen (P<0.01). Reparixin combined with Ara-C can significantly inhibit the phosphorylation level of PI3K, AKT and NF-κB signaling molecule, inhibit the malignant biological behavior of cells by inhibiting the activation of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB pathway, and induce programmed cell death. Ara-C intervention in U937 cells had no effect on the expression of CXCR family (P>0.05). The expression of CXCR1, CXCR2, and CXCR4 mRNA could be down-regulated by Reparixin single-agent intervention in U937 cells (P<0.05), and the expression of CXCR2 was more significantly down-regulated than the control group and other CXCRs (P<0.01). When Reparixin and Ara-C intervened in combination, the down-regulated levels of CXCR1 and CXCR2 were more significant than those in the single-drug group (P<0.01), while the relative expressions of CXCR4 and CXCR7 mRNA had no significant difference compared with the single-drug group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Reparixin combined with Ara-C can synergistically inhibit the malignant biological behaviors of U937 cells such as proliferation, invasion, migration and clone formation, and induce autophagy and apoptosis. The mechanism may be related to affecting the proteins expression of Bcl-2 family and down-regulating the proteins expression of CXCR family, while inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , U937 Cells , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Receptors, Interleukin-8A , NF-kappa B , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , RNA, Messenger , Cell Line, Tumor
4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 246-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level of flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) in bone marrow mononuclear cells of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its relationship with clinicopathologic features and therapeutic effect, so as to provide a new direction for disease monitoring and targeted therapy in AML patients.Methods:The data of 57 newly treated AML patients and 26 healthy individuals (the healthy control) from the First Clinical College of Guangdong Medical University and Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from November 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Bone marrow samples of all subjects were collected. Quantitative real-time fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect FEN1 mRNA expression in bone marrow mononuclear cells of all subjects. Bone marrow samples from 9 newly-diagnosed AML patients and 4 healthy controls were collected, and FEN1 protein expression level was detected by using Western blotting. Differences in FEN1 mRNA expression in AML patients achieving different therapeutic effects were compared among AML patients whose data with evaluable efficacy. AML patients were divided into high FEN1 expression group (≥ critical value) and low FEN1 expression group (< critical value), taking the median relative expression level of FEN1 mRNA as the critical value. The correlation of FEN1 expression level with clinicopathologic features, laboratory indicators, cellular and molecular genetic changes in AML patients at initial diagnosis was analyzed.Results:The median relative expression of FEN1 mRNA in newly treated AML patients was higher than that in healthy controls [0.696 (0.025-3.661) vs. 0.246 (0.013-1.237), Z = 1.75, P = 0.041]. Western blotting showed that the expression level of FEN1 protein in AML patients was higher than that in healthy controls. The relative expression of FEN1 mRNA in 15 recurrent AML patients was higher than that in 19 patients patients achieving complete remission (CR) [1.153 (0.047-4.172) vs. 0.259 (0.023-1.148), Z = 2.71, P = 0.009]. The proportion of patients with French-American-British(FAB) type M 5, fever at initial diagnosis and lymph node enlargement in FEN1 high expression group (32 cases) was higher than that in FEN1 low expression group (25 cases) (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the proportion of gender, age, fatigue, pale skin mucosa and large liver and spleen of patients between the two groups (all P > 0.05). At initial diagnosis, the white blood cell count, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein and bone marrow primitive cell proportion in FEN1 high expression group were higher than those in FEN1 low expression group (all P < 0.05), and the hemoglobin and platelet count in FEN1 high expression group were lower than those in FEN1 low expression group (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in procalcitonin level, the proportion of chromosome karyotype, cytogenetic prognosis grade and patients with or without gene mutation between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:FEN1 expression is up-regulated in AML patients and further increased in relapsed patients. FEN1 expression in AML patients is associated with adverse clinicopathological features and poor detection results of laboratory indicators, which may become indicators for disease monitoring in AML patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 56-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of hospitalized premenopausal patients with hyperuricemia.Methods:The medical records of premenopausal women with hyperuricemia (serum uric acid ≥360 μmol/L during hospitalization) admitted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were reviewed and the clinical data were analyzed.Results:A total of 2 099 patients were enrolled. Only 14.01% (294 cases) of the patients were concerned about hyperuricemia by physicians. Autoimmune diseases (32.11%, 674 cases), nephrotic disease (19.29%, 405 cases) and endocrine system diseases (9.72%, 204 cases) are the main reasons for hospitalization, while 6.34%(133 cases) of patients were in gestation. In terms of the etiology, renal diseases (49.35%, 1 035 cases), specific drug use (49.26%, 1 034 cases) were the main causes of secondary hyperuricemia in premenopausal women, followed by metabolic diseases (10.62%, 233 cases). There was no significant difference in serum uric acid level among premenopausal women of different ages ( H=4.47, P=0.107), but the etiology of hyperuricemia among patients of different ages had significant differences. The proportion of hyperuricemia in patients with cancer and metabolic syndrome,secondary to use of diuretics and anti-tuberculosis drugs had differences among different age groups ( χ2=90.96,52.89,19.26 and 6.41, P<0.05). Conclusion:Hyperuricemia is not uncommon in premenopausal women. There are many secondary factors leading to hyperuricemia in premenopausal women, among which drugs and renal lesions are the main causes. In addition, the secondary factors in women with hyperuricemia has differences among different age groups.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1007-1011, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994418

ABSTRACT

We wished to summarize the clinical features of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) complicated by non-cirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) and to deepen our understanding of it. The case data of CVID complicated with NCPH admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1983 to May 2021 were analyzed retrospectively to summarize their clinical characteristics. Six patients with CVID combined with NCPH (three of each sex; 16-45 years) were assessed. Four patients had portal hypertension. All patients had anemia, splenomegaly, a normal serum level of albumin and transaminases, and possibly increased levels of alkaline phosphatase and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. Two patients were diagnosed with esophagogastric fundic varices by gastroscopy. Two patients underwent splenectomy (which improved hematologic abnormalities partially). Four patients had autoimmune disease. Two cases were diagnosed with nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) upon liver biopsy. Six patients were administered intravenous immunoglobulin-G (0.4-0.6 g/kg bodyweight) once every 3-4 weeks as basic therapy. Often, CVID complicated with NCPH has: (1) The manifestations of portal hypertension as the primary symptom. (2) Autoimmune-related manifestations. Imaging can provide important diagnostic clues. The etiology may be related to hepatic NRH and splenomegaly due to recurrent infections.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 201-205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the management experience of helicopter medical transport in patients with critical heart disease, so as to provide reference for transport of patients with critical heart disease under the background of major natural disasters.Methods:The clinical and transport data of 36 critically ill cardiac patients in Fuwai Central China Cardiovascular Hospital from 16:30 on July 21 to 19:30 on July 22, 2021 due to historically rare heavy rainstorms were collected. All 36 critically ill cardiac patients were transported by helicopter. The safe transportation was implemented under the measures of quickly forming a transport leadership and coordination group, clarifying responsibilities and division of labor, doing a good job in the pretreatment of the patient's condition, pipeline assessment and mechanical circulation support (MCS) equipment, simulating and practicing the transfer process, improving the safety of the transfer implementation process, and effectively handing over with the target hospital. The gender, age, disease type, MCS, transport and outcome of patients were collected.Results:Thirty-six patients with cardiac critical illness were from adult extracardiac intensive care unit (ICU), adult cardiac care unit (CCU), children's CCU, comprehensive ICU and department of neurology. There were 24 males and 12 females; age (50.93±20.86) years old. There were 12 patients using respirator, 7 patients needing MCS, 2 of whom needed both extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), and 7 patients with post-cardiac surgery. The total distance of transportation of 36 patients was 1 638.4 km, the transit time was 10.5 hours, one way flight time of helicopter was about 8 minutes, and the average transport time per patient was about 17.5 minutes. The vital signs of 36 patients during transport were basically stable, without complications, and all of them reached the target hospital safely.Conclusion:Under the seamless connection of the rapid establishment of the transfer leadership coordination group, assessment of the patient's condition and pretreatment, the simulation of the transfer process, and the effective handover with the receiving hospital, the use of helicopter for medical transport for critically ill heart patients is feasible and safe, which can buy valuable time for saving patients' lives and further treatment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 512-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the status quo of death cognition and hospice care attitude of clinical medical graduate students, to compare the differences between the two groups, and to explore the correlation between death cognition and hospice care attitude, so as to provide the reference for the reform and construction of death cognition and hospice care education in medical colleges and universities in China.Methods:A survey was carried out on 496 doctoral and postgraduate students majoring in clinical medicine by using the "Questionnaire of General Sociology Survey", the Chinese version of the "Death Attitude Profile Revised Scale", and the Chinese version of the "Frommelt Attitudes Toward Care of the Dying Scale Form B (FATCOD-B)" to investigate the death cognition and hospice care attitude of 496 doctoral and postgraduate students majoring in clinical medicine, and classified and compared the survey results of the two groups. The results of this study were statistically analyzed by t-test, Pearson correlation analysis and other statistical methods. Results:A total of 469 valid questionnaires were recovered after excluding 27 unqualified questionnaires. Statistical analysis showed that the scores of each dimension in the death attitude description scale of doctoral students were ranked as follows: approach acceptance (4.28±0.53), neutral acceptance (3.99±0.41), death avoidance (2.74±0.63), fear of death (2.65±0.57) and escape acceptance (2.47±0.69) the scores of postgraduates were ranked as neutral acceptance (3.96±0.52), approach acceptance (2.84±0.61), fear of death (2.78±0.65), death escape (2.62±0.73), escape acceptance (2.39±0.77). At the same time, the scores of hospice care attitude in the doctoral group were higher than those in the master group [(110.63±8.96) vs. (106.78±6.52)], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001). In addition, the scores of "fear of death" and the scores of hospice care attitudes were negatively correlated with the scores of doctoral and master students ( r=-0.25, r=-0.21), while the scores of hospice care attitudes were positively correlated with the scores of "neutral acceptance" in death cognition ( r=0.50, r=0.32). However, the hospice care attitude scores of doctoral students were negatively correlated with the "death avoidance" scores in death cognition ( r=-0.27). Conclusion:Doctoral and postgraduate students have a certain awareness of hospice care, while their death cognition and hospice care attitude still need to be improved and strengthened from sociology, psychology, ethics and other perspectives. The above will promote the harmony between doctors and patients while meeting the needs of an aging society in China.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 51-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013877

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of putative receptor protein related to ATI (APJ) homodimer on the behaviors-the proliferation, migration and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HU-VECs). Methods HUVECs at logarithmic growth stage were randomly divided into PBS, Apelin-13 + TM1 (APJ monomer group) and Apelin-13 + PBS group (APJ homodimer group). Western blot and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Fligh Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) were used to detect the expression of APJ and APJ homodimer in HUVECs, respectively. Real-Time Cell Analyzers (RT-CA) was used to detect the concentration of the maximum effect of Apelin-13. Cell viability was detected by CCK-8. The cell migration ability was detected by scratch test, and the number of tubes formed on matri-gel that made artificial basement membrane was counted. Results Western blot and MALDI-TOF MS showed that APJ and APJ homodimer were expressed in HUVECs. The EC50 of Apelin-13 was 2.26 x 10

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 557-562, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965776

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of P2Y2 agonist diquafosol sodium(DQS)eye drops in the treatment of diabetic dry eye.METHODS: A total of 80 patients(160 eyes)with diabetic dry eye who admitted to our hospital from January 2022 to March 2022 were selected. They were randomly divided into study group and control group. A total of 40 patients(80 eyes)in the study group were treated with 3% DQS eye drops and 40 patients(80 eyes)in the control group were treated with 0.3% sodium hyaluronate eye drops. The ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, non-invasive tear meniscus height(NITMH), first non-invasive tear film break-up time(NIBUTf), average non-invasive tear film break-up time(NIBUTav), tarsal gland loss score, lipid layer thickness grade and bulbar redness analysis(including conjunctival grade and ciliary grade), were examined before treatment and at 1wk, 1 and 3mo after treatment, respectively. Furthermore, corneal fluorescence staining and conjunctival lissamine green staining were analyzed based on the ocular surface staining score(OSS), and the conjunctival impression cytology and confocal microscopy were evaluated before and 3mo after treatment, respectively.RESULTS: There were no differences in OSDI score, tarsal gland loss score, conjunctival grade score and ciliary grade score between the two groups before and after treatment(P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05). OSS scores in the study group were lower than those in the control group, while NITMH, NIBUTf and NIBUTav were higher than those in the control group at 1 and 3mo after treatment(P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05). After 3mo of treatment, the density of conjunctival goblet cells increased and corneal dendritic cells decreased in the study group compared with the baseline(all P&#x0026;#x003C;0.05), while there were no significant changes in the control group compared with the baseline(all P&#x0026;#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: 3% DQS eye drops were effective in treating diabetic dry eye without serious complications.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1218-1224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976500

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of lacrimal canalicular plug in the treatment of severe chronic ocular graft-versus-host disease(coGVHD).METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 9 patients with severe coGVHD admitted to the dry eye clinic of the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from June to September 2022 were included. All patients underwent binocular inferior lacrimal canaliculus plug. Ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, tear meniscus height(TMH), corneal fluorescein staining(CFS)scores, conjunctival lisamine green staining(CLGS)score, noninvasive breakup time(NIBUT), Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt)and the infiltration of Langerhans cells in the superficial corneal stroma tested by confocal corneal microscopy were observed before treatment and at 1 and 3 mo after treatment. At the same time, the complications related to lacrimal canalicular plug implantation were evaluated.RESULTS: The OSDI score decreased from 67.33±12.64 before treatment to 21.89±6.07 after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.01); TMH increased from 0.09±0.02mm to 0.21±0.03mm after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.05), and NIBUT increased from 2.24±0.68s before treatment to 6.77±2.05s after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.01). In addition, the CFS and CLGS also changed significantly, from 9.11±1.45 and 6.33±1.00 before treatment to 2.22±0.67 and 2.56±0.88 at 3mo after treatment, respectively(all P&#x003C;0.01). The density of Langerhans cells decreased from 140.22±38.18cells/mm2 before treatment to 39.67±9.75cells/mm2 3mo after treatment(P&#x003C;0.01). SⅠt showed no significant difference before and after treatment(F=0.059, P=0.943). During the whole follow-up period, no complications such as plug abscission were observed.CONCLUSION: Lacrimal canalicular plug is safe and effective in the treatment of severe coGVHD. It can significantly improve the symptoms and signs of dry eye patients and reduce inflammatory reaction.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1179-1184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976492

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effects of long-term use of clozapine on tear film stability and ocular surface tissue structure.METHODS: Case-control study was conducted on 45 patients(group 1)who were diagnosed with schizophrenia and treated with clozapine for 3.45±0.72a between March 2021 and December 2021. Another 45 healthy subjects(group 2)served as controls, whose demographic characteristics were similar to those of group 1. Patients' dry eye symptoms were investigated using OSDI questionnaire, tear secretion was detected by the Schirmer I test, ocular surface damage was assessed by the ocular surface staining score, and comprehensive ophthalmic examination was performed on all patients through LipiView ocular surface interferometer, ocular surface integrated analyzer, corneal confocal microscope and slit lamp photographic system.RESULTS: Slit-lamp photography showed diffuse grayish-white spot-like opacification in the corneal stroma of group 1, accompanied by brown star-like opacification in the center of the anterior capsule of the lens. OSDI scores were 38.00(31.50, 48.50)and 15.00(9.00, 19.50)in the two groups respectively. Schirmer test showed that the group 1 was 5.27±2.18mm/5min, while group 2 was 15.62±3.05mm/5min. Corneal fluorescein staining score: 4.00(2.50, 5.00)for group 1 and 1.00(0.00, 1.50)for group 2. The lissamine green staining score for the conjunctiva was 9.00(6.50, 10.00)and 3.00(2.00, 3.50)for the two groups, respectively. LipiView detected lipid layer thickness(LLT), suggesting that the results of group 1 and group 2 were similar, respectively 75.91±15.51 and 77.24±12.11nm; and the results were similar for the lid gland deficiency score, with 1.37±0.26 and 1.29±0.31 points, respectively. The mean tear meniscus height in group 1 was 0.13±0.06mm, which was lower than 0.23±0.04mm of group 2. Non-invasive breakup time(NIBUT)was 6.04±2.62 and 11.4±2.74s in group 1 and group 2 respectively. OSDI score, Schirmer Ⅰ test, ocular surface staining score, tear meniscus height and NIBUT were significantly different between the two groups(P&#x003C;0.05). Confocal corneal microscopy suggested decreased corneal nerve fiber density with stromal layer inflammatory cell infiltration and pigmentation in group 1.CONCLUSION: The antipsychotic drug clozapine can induce dry eye with a range of ocular surface injuries such as corneal pigmentation, and patients who taking such drugs should be routinely examined by an ophthalmologist.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1173-1178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976491

ABSTRACT

AIM: To detect the expression of interleukin(IL)-36(α, β, γ)in tears of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT), investigate its correlation with ocular surface microenvironment, and further analyze the relationship between its expression and ocular graft-versus-host disease(oGVHD).METHODS: Prospective study. A total of 35 patients(70 eyes)underwent allo-HSCT in the hematology department of our hospital in January 2020 were selected, and 35 healthy volunteers(70 eyes)with appropriate age and gender were selected as normal control group. The patients in the allo-HSCT group were followed up 3 times after operation once every 3mo. The subjects with postoperative ocular symptoms were divided into oGVHD and Non-oGVHD group.Ocular surface disease index(OSDI)questionnaire, Schirmer test, tear break-up time(TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining(FL), and conjunctival impression cytology(CIC)was conducted in three groups. Furthermore, the expression levels of IL-36(α,β,γ)in tears were detected by ELISA.RESULTS: In the normal control group, IL-36(α, β, γ)expression levels were 74.32±5.27, 70.02±8.43, 97.41±8.66 pg/mL, respectively; in the allo-HSCT group, IL-36(α, β, γ)baseline expression levels were 77.27±7.03, 74.53±7.53, 100.77±9.74 pg/mL, with no statistically significant differences between the two groups(t=1.648, 1.954, 1.262, all P&#x003E;0.05). There were no significant differences in IL-36α, IL-36β and IL-36γ in Non-oGVHD group at different time points(P&#x003E;0.05), while there were significant differences in IL-36α, IL-36β and IL-36γ in oGVHD group at different time points(P&#x003C;0.05). Compared with Non-oGVHD group, the levels of IL-36α and IL-36β at different time points were significantly increased in oGVHD group(all P&#x003C;0.05).IL-36(α, β, γ)of oGVHD group was positively correlated with OSDI score, FL and CIC, while it was negatively correlated with TBUT and Schirmer test(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Evaluation of levels of tear IL-36(α, β, γ)can be of significance in diagnosing oGVHD after allo-HSCT. IL-36(α, β, γ)is highly expressed in the tears of oGVHD patients before the onset of ocular symptoms, and it is correlated with the ocular surface parameters.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1104-1113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976478

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the safety and efficacy of intense pulsed light in the treatment of severe chronic ocular graft-versus-host disease.METHODS: Prospective randomized controlled study. A total of 35 cases(35 eyes), who had a history of allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT), admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January to September 2022 and were diagnosed by our hospital's hematology and ophthalmology departments with severe chronic ocular graft-versus-host disease(coGVHD)were selected. One eye was randomly selected for inclusion in the study if both eyes met the enrollment criteria, and the eye was selected if a single eye met the enrollment criteria. All patients were administrated with Dextran and Hypromellose eye drops 4 times a day and Cyclosporine eye drops twice a day. The experimental group was additionally treated with intense pulsed light, once every two weeks a week, for 4 times in total. The evaluation indicators were evaluated before treatment and 2wk, 1 and 2mo after treatment. The evaluation indicators include ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), intraocular pressure(IOP), tear meniscus height(TMH), non-invasive break-up time(NIBUT), conjunctival injection score(CIS), meibomian gland area proportion(MGAP), meibomian gland evaluation(MGE), cornea fluorescein staining(CFS), conjunctival lissamine green staining(CLGS), lid margin abnormality score(LMAS), and Schirmer's Ⅰ test(SⅠt).RESULTS: After treatment, OSDI score, TMH, NIBUT, BCVA, CFS, CLGS, and CIS improved in both groups compared with those before treatment(all P&#x003C;0.05), with NIBUT, CFS and CLGS showing more significant improvements in the test group. In the control group, MGAP, MGE of the upper and lower eyelids and LMAS did not change significantly before and after treatment(P&#x003E;0.05), while in the experimental group, MGAP of the lower eyelids, MGE of upper and lower eyelids and LMAS improved compared with those before treatment(P&#x003C;0.05), except for MGAP of the upper eyelids, which did not differ from that before treatment(P&#x003E;0.05). There was no difference in SⅠt and IOP between the two groups before and after treatment(P&#x003E;0.05). Patients did not experience adverse reactions such as skin burns, redness and swelling in the treated area and eyelash loss during the follow-up period.CONCLUSION: Intense pulsed light is safe and effective in the treatment of severe coGVHD, which can significantly improve the symptoms and signs of patients and enhance the stability of tear film.

15.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 37-50, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971609

ABSTRACT

The twenty-first century has already recorded more than ten major epidemics or pandemics of viral disease, including the devastating COVID-19. Novel effective antivirals with broad-spectrum coverage are urgently needed. Herein, we reported a novel broad-spectrum antiviral compound PAC5. Oral administration of PAC5 eliminated HBV cccDNA and reduced the large antigen load in distinct mouse models of HBV infection. Strikingly, oral administration of PAC5 in a hamster model of SARS-CoV-2 omicron (BA.1) infection significantly decreases viral loads and attenuates lung inflammation. Mechanistically, PAC5 binds to a pocket near Asp49 in the RNA recognition motif of hnRNPA2B1. PAC5-bound hnRNPA2B1 is extensively activated and translocated to the cytoplasm where it initiates the TBK1-IRF3 pathway, leading to the production of type I IFNs with antiviral activity. Our results indicate that PAC5 is a novel small-molecule agonist of hnRNPA2B1, which may have a role in dealing with emerging infectious diseases now and in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , COVID-19 , Hepatitis B virus , Interferon Type I/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B/antagonists & inhibitors
16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 641-644, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014200

ABSTRACT

Aim Timely re establishment of coronary blood How in patients with myocardial infarction is the cornerstone of their treatment; however, substantial amount of damage can oecur as a consequence of reperfusion.In recent years it has been found that receptor interacting protein kinase 3 ( RIPK3 ) contributes remarkably to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI).RIPK3 can regulate necroptosis through RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL and CaMKII, respectively, and participate in the MIRI process.This artiele reviews the researeh progress of RIPK3-mediated ne¬ croptosis involved in MIRI from endoplasmic reticulum stress, mitochondrial fragmentation disturbanee, cardiac microvascular dysfunction and inflammation, and focuses on whether RIPK3 can be used as a new target for anti-MIRI, so as to provide a new strategy and choice for improving the clinical treatment effect and prognosis of ischemic heart disease.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 562-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958226

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of bacterial community in upper gastrointestinal tumors.Methods:The study population was patients with upper gastrointestinal tumors (esophageal cancer and gastric cancer). Gastroscopy was performed on the enrolled patients ( n=17), and the specimens were taken from the tumor sites. At the same time, non-tumor tissues more than 4 cm away from the tumor tissues were taken as the control. After total DNA was extracted and purified, high-throughput 16S DNA gene sequencing was used to detect the microbiota in tumor tissues and control tissues. Bioinformatics analysis was carried out and the differences between groups were compared. Results:16S DNA PCR showed that there was no significant difference in bacterial load between tumor tissues and control tissues. The α-diversity and β-diversity indexes showed that the community composition of the two groups was similar; the samples were discrete and the colony composition was different, but there was no significant difference between the two groups. The results of Venn diagram showed that there were more operational taxonomic units (OTUs) in non-tumor tissues than in tumor tissues (2 068 vs 1 358), indicating that the bacterial species in normal tissues were more abundant than those in tumor tissues. Compared with the control tissues, the percentages of Prevotellaceae ( Prevotella), Lactobacaceae ( Lactobacillus) and Fusobacteriaceae ( Fusobacterium) in tumor tissues were relatively higher (the average percentage was more than twice that of the control). Further paired comparison of the top ten bacteria in the family and genus abundance of the two groups of samples showed that Pseudomonas decreased significantly in tumor tissues at the family ( P=0.041) and genus ( P=0.041) levels, while Prevotella was significantly enriched in tumor tissues at the family ( P=0.031) and genus ( P=0.007) levels. Conclusions:The bacterial community in the tumor microenvironment of the upper gastrointestinal tumor changed, and the species enriched in the tumor site were mainly oral common anaerobic bacteria, such as Prevotellaceae ( Prevotella), Lactobacaceae ( Lactobacillus) and Fusobacteriaceae ( Fusobacterium), especially Prevotellaceae ( Prevotella).

18.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 726-730, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957895

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, treatment and prognosis of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) in single center of Chinese population.Methods:The clinical data of 75 cases of CVID, diagnosed according to European Society for Immunodeficiency (ESID) criteria and admitted in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1983 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The main clinical manifestations of CVID were respiratory abnormality (68.0%,51/75), blood system abnormality (66.7%,50/75), liver and spleen involvement (66.7%,50/75), gastrointestinal abnormality (46.7%,35/75), autoimmune abnormality (29.3%,22/75). Immunoglobulin decreased significantly (median IgG 2.4 g/L, median IgA 0.1 g/L, median IgM 0.1 g/L). Lymphocyte subsets indicated that CD4 +T cells decreased (median 471/μl), CD8 +T cells increased (median 620/μl), CD4 +/CD8 +T calls proportion inverted (median 0.7), and NK cells and B cells decreased (median 44/μl, 115/μl, respectively). During hospitalization, their conditions were improved after IgG replacement therapy, supplemented with anti-infection and nutritional support therapy. Forty seven discharged patients were followed up, and only 16 patients insisted on regular IgG replacement therapy after discharge. Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of CVID are varied, and multiple systems may be involved, including autoimmune abnormalities. The treatment based on IgG replacement has a certain curative effect.

19.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 911-915, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of sugammadex on the quality of recovery after laparoscopic bariatric surgery in severely obese patients.Methods:One hundred and eighty patients, aged 18-65 yr, with body mass index ≥ 40 kg/m 2, undergoing elective laparoscopic bariatric surgery, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅲ, were enrolled and divided into 2 groups ( n=90 each) by the random number table method: sugammadex group (S group) and neostigmine group (N group). Before anesthesia, bilateral T 6 and T 9 paravertebral nerve blocks were performed, and 0.33% ropivacaine 15 ml was injected on each side.When the reappearance of T 2 was monitored under train-of-four (TOF) stimulation after the end of surgery, and sugammadex 2 mg/kg was intravenously injected in S group, and neostigmine 0.04 mg/kg and atropine 0.02 mg/kg were intravenously injected in N group.After the patient was transferred to the general ward, flurbiprofen axetil 50 mg was injected intravenously every 12 h, and oxycodone and flurbiprofen axetil were used for patient-controlled intravenous analgesia at the same time.When the numerical rating scale (NRS) score ≥4 and the analgesic pump was ineffective, bilateral T 7 paravertebral nerve block was performed for rescue analgesia, and 0.33% ropivacaine 15 ml was injected on each side.The postoperative quality of recovery was assessed by the 15-item Quality-of-Recovery scale before operation and at 24 h after operation.The TOF ratio ≥ 0.9 and extubation time were recorded.The SpO 2 at the time of transfer to post-anesthesia care unit (PACU), the lowest SpO 2 and occurrence of SpO 2 < 92% during PACU were recorded.The occurrence of residual muscle relaxation and Ramsay sedation score were recorded at 30 min after entering PACU.The time of PACU stay, time to the first off-bed activity and length of hospital stay were recorded.The cumulative consumption of oxycodone, requirement for rescue analgesia, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, hypoxemia, and pulmonary complications were recorded within 48 h after operation. Results:There were no significant differences in the total score of 15-item Quality-of-Recovery scale before surgery and at 24 h after surgery, cumulative consumption of oxycodone within 48 h after surgery, rate of rescue analgesia, and incidence of dizziness, nausea and vomiting, hypoxemia and pulmonary complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared with N group, the scores of the three recovery indicators (feel energized with enough rest, engagement in work or family activities, and tension and anxiety) were significanatly increased, time to TOF ratio ≥ 0.9, extubation time, time of PACU stay, time to the first off-bed activity and length of hospital stay were shortened, and the incidence of residual muscle relaxation was decreased in S group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Antagonizing residual muscle relaxation with sugammadex is helpful for the recovery of severely obese patients after laparoscopic bariatric surgery.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1288-1292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955649

ABSTRACT

Using novel virtual reality (VR) technology to carry out the construction of clinical medical examination question bank, while deepening the reform of clinical medical course examination, it continues to innovate the medical professional evaluation system and improve the flexibility, diversity and scientificity of clinical medicine in teaching and assessment. It is of great and far-reaching significance to improve the teaching level and the quality of medical education in medical colleges and universities. This paper analyzes and discusses the necessity and feasibility of building a clinical medical examination question bank, and the advantages and prospects of integrating VR technology to carry out the construction of clinical medical examination question bank. At the same time, the exploration and practice of the examination question bank construction based on VR technology disscussed in detail would provide innovative thinking and reference for the clinical medical teaching and evaluation, medical personnel training and other aspects in China.

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