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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science ; (12): 946-950, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821927

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to reveal the potential clinical and biological functions of frizzled related protein (FRZB) mRNA expression in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC). @*Methods@#We used the keyword “lung cancer” to search the data through Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database attached to NCBI(National Center of Biotechnology) and download the data of LUAD and LUSC from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) Database. A total of eight LUAD and six LUSC datasets were incorporated in this analysis. We defined cutoff value of FRZB using Cutoff Finder into the two groups to calculate hazard ratio (HR). @*Results@#We found that high expression level of FRZB mRNA in tumor tissues was a positive prognostic factor for overall survival in LUAD [pooled HR(95%CI)=0.54(0.46-0.64),P<0.05 in univariate analysis; pooled HR(95%CI)=0.66(0.54-0.79),P<0.05 in multivariate analysis]. Interestingly, there was no similar results in LUSC [pooled HR(95%CI)=1.11(0.67-1.84),P>0.05 in univariate analysis; pooled HR(95%CI)=1.13(0.71-1.78),P>0.05 in multivariate analysis]. We also found that FRZB may inhibit WNT signal pathway by t-SNE and correlation analysis. By enrichment analysis, FRZB and its most correlated genes were involved in multiple immune-related pathways, such as complement and coagulation cascades, humoral immune response, etc. @*Conclusion@#High expression of FRZB mRNA in LUAD was associated with better prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma. These results suggest that FRZB may be used as a potential marker for favorable prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 425-430, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709021

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mortality trends of cerebrovascular diseases and to quantitatively estimate the influence of population factors on cerebrovascular disease mortality between 1993 to 2016 in Kunshan city, Jiangsu province. Methods Records of cerebrovascular disease deaths were obtained from a register of all causes of death. Crude death rate and age standardized rate (ASR) were calculated, and annual percentage change (APC) based on sex and age were estimated. Difference decomposition was used to estimate the contribution of demographic and non?demographic factors to the change in cerebrovascular disease mortality. Results Between 1993 and 2013, the ASR of cerebrovascular diseases declined significantly for both sexes (APC=-4.9%, 95% CI:-5.5% to-4.3%), males alone (APC=-4.8%, 95% CI:-5.5% to-4.1%), and females alone (APC=-5.5%, 95% CI:-5.7% to-4.3%). However, from the year 2013 to 2016, the ASR of cerebrovascular diseases increased for both sexes together (APC=7.5%, 95% CI: 3.8% to 11.2%) and men alone (APC=10.2%, 95% CI: 4.3% to 16.1%), but there was no significant change for women (APC=4.3%, 95% CI:-1.2% to 9.8%). The overall decrease in mortality due to cerebrovascular disease was mainly due to non?demographic changes; the proportions of its contribution in men, women, and both sexes were 238.78%, 241.09%, and 245.89%, respectively. Conclusion The mortality due to cerebrovascular disease decreased substantially in the past two decades, and this decline was hindered by some demographic factors. It is imperative to explore the causes of this decline to decrease the burden caused by cerebrovascular disease.

3.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 129-135, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708990

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to examine temporal trends in all cancer-eliminated life expectancy and potential years of life lost (PYLL) in Kunshan city, Jiangsu province, between 1981 and 2015. Methods Data were collected from the vital records of Kunshan city. Cancer-eliminated life expectancy and PYLL were calculated by sex,and the Chinese population from the year 2000 was used to calculate age-standardized PYLL. Estimated annual percentage changes (APC) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to examine temporal trends in increased cancer-eliminated life expectancy. Results Between 1981 and 2015,there was a significant decrease in age-standardized PYLL among males (APC=-2.31%, 95% CI:-2.51% to-2.11%) and females (APC=-1.91%, 95% CI:-2.26% to-1.56%). However, an increase was found in cancer-eliminated life expectancy in males and females, from 3.23 to 4.72 years in males(APC=2.42%,95% CI:1.64% to 3.20%)and from 1.10 to 2.94 years in females(APC=3.91%, 95% CI: 1.78% to 6.04%). Conclusion An overall decrease in age-standardized PYLL was observed when all cancers were considered,and an increase in cancer-eliminated life expectancy was found, suggesting that premature deaths due to cancers were reduced gradually. However, the negative effects of cancer on the health of the whole population have not been fully alleviated.

4.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 148-154, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505683

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the temporal trend of cancer death rates in different age and the influencing factors in Kunshan,Jiangsu province,1981 to 2015.Methods Data were derived from cancer rcgistry and vital registration system.The Chinese age structure in 2000 was used to calculate age-standardized death rates (ASR),and annual percentage changes (APC) and 95% confidence interval (Cl) were used to estimate the temporal trend of cancer death rates.Difference decomposition method was applied to analyze the contribution of demographic and non-demographic factors for the change of cancer mortality.Results Between 1981 and 2015,the age standardized all cancers death rate decreased from 162.49 to 93.74 per 100,000 (APC=-l.6%,95% CI:-1.8%--1.5%).However,the ASR for those aged 70 years or above was stable over time (APC=0.2%,95% CI:-0.2%-0.5%),whereas aged 30-69 years was decreased from 240.01 in 1981 to 93.28 in 2015 (APC=-2.8%,95% CI:-3.0%--2.6%).In addition,the proportion of leading cancers were changed obviously.The proportion of lung cancer increased from 1981 to 2015,while gastric cancer,liver cancer,esophageal cancer and colorectal cancer decreased.Compared with the crude cancer mortality in 1993,the effect of the demographic and non-demographic factors to the increased death rate in 2015 were 308.93% and-208.93%,respectively.Conclusion The ASR death rate of all cancers was decreasing,and the rate in those aged 30 to 69 years decreased significantly,whereas stable in those aged 70 years or above.The effect of demographic characteristics on cancer mortality was significantly greater than that of non-demographic characteristics.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 777-785, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662815

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of low dose ionizing radiation on the thyroid of radiation workers in our country. Methods The literatures were searched of domestic and foreign journals from 1996 to 2017. A total of 15 studies involving 6332 participants were included. These studies were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Three indicators of the thyroid function were analyzed in radiation workers, including triiodothyronine ( T3 ) , thyroxine ( T4 ) and thyroid stimulating hormone( TSH) . The Meta analysis was performed using Stata 14. 0 software. Results For radiation workers, the standardized mean difference (SMD) of T3 levels was -0. 32[95% CI ( -0. 61,-0. 04), P=0. 03?, lower than that of the control group. Univariate meta - regression analysis of sources of heterogeneity showed that only gender composition was related to heterogeneity of the study [ adjusted R-squared (Adj R2 ) =29. 99%, P =0. 03]. The SMD of T4 levels was -0. 49 [95%CI ( -0. 94,-0. 03), P=0. 04], lower than that of the control group. Only the gender composition was related to heterogeneity of the study[Adj R2 =26. 60%, P=0. 02]. However, the SMD of TSH levels was 1. 10 [95% CI (0. 32,1. 89), P=0. 006], higher than that of the control group. Conclusions The long term exposure of radiation workers to low dose ionizing radiation may lead to negative impact on thyroid. It is important to strengthen radiation protection of thyroid.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 777-785, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660800

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of low dose ionizing radiation on the thyroid of radiation workers in our country. Methods The literatures were searched of domestic and foreign journals from 1996 to 2017. A total of 15 studies involving 6332 participants were included. These studies were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Three indicators of the thyroid function were analyzed in radiation workers, including triiodothyronine ( T3 ) , thyroxine ( T4 ) and thyroid stimulating hormone( TSH) . The Meta analysis was performed using Stata 14. 0 software. Results For radiation workers, the standardized mean difference (SMD) of T3 levels was -0. 32[95% CI ( -0. 61,-0. 04), P=0. 03?, lower than that of the control group. Univariate meta - regression analysis of sources of heterogeneity showed that only gender composition was related to heterogeneity of the study [ adjusted R-squared (Adj R2 ) =29. 99%, P =0. 03]. The SMD of T4 levels was -0. 49 [95%CI ( -0. 94,-0. 03), P=0. 04], lower than that of the control group. Only the gender composition was related to heterogeneity of the study[Adj R2 =26. 60%, P=0. 02]. However, the SMD of TSH levels was 1. 10 [95% CI (0. 32,1. 89), P=0. 006], higher than that of the control group. Conclusions The long term exposure of radiation workers to low dose ionizing radiation may lead to negative impact on thyroid. It is important to strengthen radiation protection of thyroid.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 841-845, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737503

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the short-term effect of particulate matters with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 μg (PM10) and aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 2.5 μg (PM2.5) on cardio-cerebrovascular mortality in Ningbo city.Methods Daily cardiocerebrovascular mortality data from 2011 to 2014 in Ningbo city were collected and the time series study using a semi-parametric generalized additive model were used to evaluate the relationship between the mortality of cardio-cerebrovascular disease and particulate matters after adjustment for the long-term trend of death,weather conditions,"days of the week" and other confounding factors.Results In single-pollutant model,the short-term effects of particulate matter on cardio-cerebrovascular mortality was strongest in lagged 2 days in Ningbo city,and an increase of 10 μg/m3 in moving average concentrations (lagged 2-3 days and lagged 2-4 days) of PM2.5 and PM10 could increase the cardio-cerebrovascular mortality by 0.55% (0.23%-0.87%) and 0.53% (0.28%-0.78%),respectively.In multi-pollutant models,PM10 did remain robust after being adjusted for PM2.5 with 0.58% (0.09%-1.07%) increase in cardio-cerebrovascular mortality.The effect of PM2.5 had no statistical significantce after being adjusted for other co-pollutants.Conclusion These findings suggested that the concentrations of ambient particulate matters were associated with an increased risk of daily cardio-cerebrovascular mortality in Ningbo city.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 841-845, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736035

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the short-term effect of particulate matters with an aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 10 μg (PM10) and aerodynamic diameter of less than or equal to 2.5 μg (PM2.5) on cardio-cerebrovascular mortality in Ningbo city.Methods Daily cardiocerebrovascular mortality data from 2011 to 2014 in Ningbo city were collected and the time series study using a semi-parametric generalized additive model were used to evaluate the relationship between the mortality of cardio-cerebrovascular disease and particulate matters after adjustment for the long-term trend of death,weather conditions,"days of the week" and other confounding factors.Results In single-pollutant model,the short-term effects of particulate matter on cardio-cerebrovascular mortality was strongest in lagged 2 days in Ningbo city,and an increase of 10 μg/m3 in moving average concentrations (lagged 2-3 days and lagged 2-4 days) of PM2.5 and PM10 could increase the cardio-cerebrovascular mortality by 0.55% (0.23%-0.87%) and 0.53% (0.28%-0.78%),respectively.In multi-pollutant models,PM10 did remain robust after being adjusted for PM2.5 with 0.58% (0.09%-1.07%) increase in cardio-cerebrovascular mortality.The effect of PM2.5 had no statistical significantce after being adjusted for other co-pollutants.Conclusion These findings suggested that the concentrations of ambient particulate matters were associated with an increased risk of daily cardio-cerebrovascular mortality in Ningbo city.

9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 879-883, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302058

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the dose-response relationship between gestational weight gain rate and the neonate birth weight.Methods A total of 18 868 women with singleton gestations who delivered between January 2006 and December 2013 were included in this study.Maternal and neonate details of these women were drawn from the Perinatal Monitoring System database.Gestational weight gain rate was defined as the total weight gain during the last and first prenatal care visits divided by the interval weeks.Both Multiple logistic regression analysis and restricted cubic spline methods were performed.Confounding factors included maternal age,education,pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI),state of residence,parity,gestational weeks of prenatal care entry,and sex of the neonate.Results The adjusted odds ratio for macrosomia was associated with gestational weight gain rate in lower pre-pregnancy BMI (OR=3.15,95%CI:1.40-7.07),normal (OR=3.64,95%CI:2.84-4.66) or overweight (OR=2.37,95%CI:1.71-3.27).The odds ratios of low birth weight appeared a decrease in those women with lower pre-pregnancy BMI (OR=0.28,95%CI:0.13-0.61) while the normal weight (OR=0.37,95%CI:0.22-0.64) group with gestational weight gain,the rate showed an increase.Association of gestational weight gain rate for macrosomia was found a S-curve in those term delivery women (non-linearity test P<0.000 1).However,L-curve was observed for low birth weight and gestational weight gain rate in term births (non-linearity test P<0.000 1).Conclusion A S-curve was seen between gestational weight gain rate and term delivered macrosomia while L-curve was observed among term delivered low birth weight neonates.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 3569-3572, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457616

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of sB7-H3 in predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis at early stage. Methods By using the double antibody sandwich ELISA method, the level of plasma sB7-H3 was measured at 24h after onset of abdominal pain in 75 patients with acute pancreatitis (MAP30, MSAP20, SAP25), and 20 healthy persons were enrolled in the controlgroup.The sensitivity and specificity correlations of sB7-H3 in acute pancreatitis with severity degree , as well as with the clinical detection index , were also evaluated. Results The level of plasma sB7-H3 at 24 h in the AP group was significantly higher than that in the healthy control ( HC) group (t = 3.925, P = 0.0002), however, no significant difference was found between the MAP groep and the HC group (P>0.05). The levels of plasma sB7-H3 in the MSAP and the SAP group were significantly higher than that in the HC group (P<0.05和P<0.001)or the MAP group (P<0.05 和P<0.01);The level of plasma sB7-H3 in the SAP group was also markedly higher than that in the MSAP group (P < 0.01). sB7-H3 had a linear positive correlation with LDH、hs-CRP、WBC(P<0.05). ALB had a linear negative correlation with and Ca (S)(P<0.05). By the cutoff of sB7-H3, the sensitivity and specificity to judgethe above moderate pancreatitis were 88.9%and 83.3%,and to judgethe SAP were 96%and 96%. Conclusion sB7-H3 has important clinical value to judge the severity of acute pancreatitis at early time with high sensitivity and specificity , with a linear correlation with the clinical severity index.

11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 533-536, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348629

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the interaction of prenatal care indexes including weeks of initiation of prenatal care, number of prenatal care visits and maternal educational level on the risk of neonatal low birth weight (LBW).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Logistic Regression Model was performed to estimate the association including the interaction with OR and 95%CI between prenatal care indexes and LBW risk in all the subjects. Three educational levels(junior high, senior high, junior college) of mothers were also assessed. New variables of the prenatal care indexes were transformed using the quartiles, according to the distribution of the original variables on pregnant women with newborns of normal birth weight.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Whether the pregnant women were stratified by educational level, with the increasing number of prenatal care visits, LBW risk was shown a U-type tendency in different strata of educational levels, when comparing with the reference group, respectively. Compared to the baseline group, the OR and 95% CI of the third quartile on number of prenatal care visits were 0.48 (0.35-0.64), 0.55 (0.32-0.95), 0.50 (0.32-0.80), 0.36(0.20-0.66) in all subjects who had received educational levels as junior middle school, senior middle school or junior college degree ect., respectively. A significant interaction was shown between the number of prenatal care visits and maternal educational level on the neonatal LBW risk (χ² = 4.650 2, P = 0.031 1). However, no interaction was found between the week of initiation of prenatal care and maternal educational level on the neonatal LBW risk (χ² = 0.929 7, P = 0.334 9).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Data from our study indicated that there was a protective interaction on reducing the neonatal LBW risk between maternal educational level and the number of prenatal care visits, but not the weeks on the initiation of prenatal care. More prenatal care programs should be implemented among the pregnant women with lower educational level.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Educational Status , Gestational Age , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Logistic Models , Prenatal Care , Risk Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 773-777, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303828

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To estimate the dose response relationship between cigarette smoking and hypertension in men based on restricted cubic spline method.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Under the proportion to the population size, 38 520 subjects were randomly selected from May to August 2012 with cluster sampling method in urban and rural areas of Kunshan, China.Each participant received face-to-face interview with the standardized questionnaire, and physical examination.Restricted cubic spline was employed to estimate the dose response relation of cigarette smoking on the risk of hypertension.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall prevalence of cigarette smoking was 22.6% (8 691/38 520), prevalence of cigarette smoking in men was 46.1% (8 499/18 454). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that current smoking (OR = 1.16, 95%CI:1.05-1.28) and previous cigarette smoking (OR = 1.32, 95%CI:1.07-1.63) were associated with hypertension after adjusted confounding factors (age, sex, body mass index, education, family income per month, urban or rural areas, physical activity and physical exercise) in men. After further adjusting drinking status, only previous cigarette smoking was associated with hypertension (OR = 1.28, 95%CI:1.04-1.58). The restricted cubic spline model indicated a linear dose-response relation between hypertension and cigarette smoking per day in men (non-linearity test P = 0.604 1).However, a non-linear dose response relation was found between duration of smoking (non-linearity test P < 0.000 1), smoking index (non-linearity test P = 0.009 9) and hypertension.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Long-term and heavy cigarette smoking is associated with hypertension in men.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alcohol Drinking , Body Mass Index , China , Epidemiology , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Smoking , Epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 533-536, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737365

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the interaction of prenatal care indexes including weeks of initiation of prenatal care,number of prenatal care visits and maternal educational level on the risk of neonatal low birth weight (LBW). Methods Logistic Regression Model was performed to estimate the association including the interaction with OR and 95%CI between prenatal care indexes and LBW risk in all the subjects. Three educational levels(junior high,senior high,junior college)of mothers were also assessed. New variables of the prenatal care indexes were transformed using the quartiles,according to the distribution of the original variables on pregnant women with newborns of normal birth weight. Results Whether the pregnant women were stratified by educational level,with the increasing number of prenatal care visits,LBW risk was shown a U-type tendency in different strata of educational levels,when comparing with the reference group,respectively. Compared to the baseline group,the OR and 95%CI of the third quartile on number of prenatal care visits were 0.48 (0.35-0.64),0.55(0.32-0.95),0.50(0.32-0.80),0.36(0.20-0.66)in all subjects who had received educational levels as junior middle school,senior middle school or junior college degree ect., respectively. A significant interaction was shown between the number of prenatal care visits and maternal educational level on the neonatal LBW risk(χ2=4.650 2,P=0.031 1). However,no interaction was found between the week of initiation of prenatal care and maternal educational level on the neonatal LBW risk(χ2=0.929 7,P=0.334 9). Conclusion Data from our study indicated that there was a protective interaction on reducing the neonatal LBW risk between maternal educational level and the number of prenatal care visits,but not the weeks on the initiation of prenatal care. More prenatal care programs should be implemented among the pregnant women with lower educational level.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 533-536, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735897

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the interaction of prenatal care indexes including weeks of initiation of prenatal care,number of prenatal care visits and maternal educational level on the risk of neonatal low birth weight (LBW). Methods Logistic Regression Model was performed to estimate the association including the interaction with OR and 95%CI between prenatal care indexes and LBW risk in all the subjects. Three educational levels(junior high,senior high,junior college)of mothers were also assessed. New variables of the prenatal care indexes were transformed using the quartiles,according to the distribution of the original variables on pregnant women with newborns of normal birth weight. Results Whether the pregnant women were stratified by educational level,with the increasing number of prenatal care visits,LBW risk was shown a U-type tendency in different strata of educational levels,when comparing with the reference group,respectively. Compared to the baseline group,the OR and 95%CI of the third quartile on number of prenatal care visits were 0.48 (0.35-0.64),0.55(0.32-0.95),0.50(0.32-0.80),0.36(0.20-0.66)in all subjects who had received educational levels as junior middle school,senior middle school or junior college degree ect., respectively. A significant interaction was shown between the number of prenatal care visits and maternal educational level on the neonatal LBW risk(χ2=4.650 2,P=0.031 1). However,no interaction was found between the week of initiation of prenatal care and maternal educational level on the neonatal LBW risk(χ2=0.929 7,P=0.334 9). Conclusion Data from our study indicated that there was a protective interaction on reducing the neonatal LBW risk between maternal educational level and the number of prenatal care visits,but not the weeks on the initiation of prenatal care. More prenatal care programs should be implemented among the pregnant women with lower educational level.

15.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 193-197, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384478

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the changes of subgroups of peripheral blood T lymphocytes in the patients infected with the 2009 pandemic influenza A ( H1N1 ) virus of different severity type. Method A total of 66 patients infected by H1N1 evidenced by RT-PCR admitted from September 2009 to January 2010 were divided into three groups: mild type ( B group, n = 47 ), cured patients of severe and critical severe type ( C group, n = 14) and died patients ( D group, n =5), according to the severity and prognosis. A total of 20 healthy volunteers served as control group( A group). Peripheral blood lymphocyte count, CD3+,CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocyte count were detected by flow cytometry at the different time points. Fever duration and H1N1 virus negative time were compared. Statistical analysis were performed by using SAS version 9.13 software and the data were processed with ANOVA and SNK test. Results Lymphocyte count, CD3+,CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocyte count declined in the early period in all the groups, and there were significant differences compared with A group (P<0. 05), while rised with the clinical progression in group B and C,and those of C group were lower than B group ( P < 0.05 ), but those of D group were always low. Fever duration and H1N1 virus negative time were (4.4 ± 1.6) days vs. (4.4 ± 1. 4) days, ( 12.9 ± 3. 1 ) days vs.( 10.2 ± 2.6) days and ( 15.2 ± 7.3 ) days vs. ( 13.3 ± 2.9 ) days respectively, and there were significant differences among the three groups ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusions The cellular immune function was seriously damaged when patients were infected with H1N1. Further more, the changes of lymphocyte count, CD3+ , CD4+and CD8+ T lymphocyte count were tightly related with the degree of severity and prognosis. These findings can be used for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 502-505, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389134

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relevance between the times of cytokine-induced killer cell (CIK cell) adoptive immunotherapy and the survival of the elderly patients with gastric cancer.Methods Lymphocyte separation medium was used to isolate mononuclear cells, and then the cultured CIK cells were infused back into the patients with gastric cancer. A retrospective cohort study was adopted by using Kaplan-Meier to estimate median survival time and survival rate, using Log-rank test to analyze the impact of clinical factors on survival rate, and using RR and 95% CI to estimate the contact intensity of death outcome, survival time and CIK cell treatment. Results There were nostatistically significant differences in gender,age, tumor site, histological type, invasion depth, lymph node metastasis, pathological grade, tumor size or tumor distribution between chemotherapy group and CIK treatment group (all P>0.05). The median survival time of patients with gastric cancer was significantly longer in CIK treatment group than in chemotherapy group (61 vs. 21, χ2=10.215, P=0.001). Compared with the patients treated by chemotherapy alone, the increased times of CIK treatment induced more survival rate and 2-5 years life spans (χ2=12. 461, P=0.006). Conclusions With the treatment that CIK cells are infused back into the elderly patients with gastric cancer, the risk of death is reduced, and the lifespan is prolonged, which is associated with the CIK cell treatment times.

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1016-1018, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392019

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the detection rate of malnutrition among post-stroke patients in community hospitals and unravel the relevant factors that precipitate malnutrition after stroke. Methods Based on 438 post-stroke patients who were admitted in community hospitals, we examined the demographic characteristics, the nutritional indices and the possible malnutrition related factors through a cross-sectional study.Results The detection rate of malnutrition among post-stroke patients was 52.7%. Group comparison through multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was a higher malnutrition detection rate in the post-stroke patients with multiple stroke attacks (three stroke attackes and above, OR = 11.00,95%CI 1. 14-106.34), higher NIHSS scores (group with NIHSS≥15, OR=7.09, 95% CI 2.90-17.36) , higher modified Rankin scales (group mRS 4-5, OR = 15. 77,95% CI 6.61-37.59) (trend test P<0.0001) .The risk of malnutrition was also correlated with the post-stroke depression, poorer family care, no early-stage rehabilitation, history of malignant tumors and severe alcoholism. Conclusions There is a high detection rate of malnutrition among post-stroke patients in community hospitals. There are many factors related to malnutrition among post-stroke patients in the community. More attention to controllable influencing factors would improve the prognosis of post-stroke patients.

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