Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 78
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909342

ABSTRACT

Alanyl-glutamine dipeptide is an important component in parenteral nutrition, which can be decomposed into alanine and L-glutamine in vivo. It plays multiple functions including maintaining intestinal barrier, improving immunity, promoting protein synthesis, and regulating the production and release of inflammatory mediators. Substantial clinical evidences have demonstrated its favorable effectiveness and safety. Rational application of alanyl-glutamine dipeptide can reduce postoperative complications, shorten hospital stay and save medical costs. There are still controversies at home and abroad on the applicable population and dosage of alanyl-glutamine dipeptide. Chinese Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition organized China's experts of related disciplines to compile international standards in accordance with the latest guidelines and consensus, so as to achieve the goal of standardized application and patient benefits.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Xintongtai (XTT) on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score and collagen fibers in vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) of rabbits with atherosclerosis in the regulation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/activator protien-1 (AP-1)signaling pathway. Method:A total of 120 rabbits of SPF grade were randomly divided into the sham operation group, combined phlegm and blood stasis model group, rosuvastatin group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose XTT groups. The rabbit model of atherosclerosis due to combined phlegm and blood stasis was established by exposing them to high-fat diet and balloon injury. Following modeling, the corresponding drugs were administered by gavage for eight weeks (2.3, 4.6, 9.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> for low-, middle-, and high-dose XTT groups and 0.55 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>for rosuvastatin group). At the end of medication, the abdominal aorta was isolated and stained with htoxylin-eosin (HE) for observing the vulnerable plaque. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The collagen fiber decomposition in VSMCs was observed after Masson staining. The protein expression levels of p38 MAPK and AP-1 in aorta was assayed by Western blotting. The combined phlegm and blood stasis syndrome was scored based on TCM syndrome scoring scale. Result:Compared with the model group, XTT at each dose and rosuvastatin significantly decreased MMP-9 content, increased TIMP-1, down-regulated p38 MAPK protein expression, and weakened the nuclear translocation of AP-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the low-dose XTT group, the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group exhibited obviously lowered MMP-9,elevated TIMP-1, down-regulated p38 MAPK protein expression, and diminished AP-1 nuclear translocation (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The TCM syndrome scores of the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group were significantly improved as compared with that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the low-dose XTT group revealed a remarkable improvement in TCM syndrome score of the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). As demonstrated by Masson staining, the smooth muscle fibers in the model group were arranged in disorder, accompanied by enhanced collagen decomposition, thinned fibrous cap, and increased plaque vulnerability. Compared with the model group, the VSMCs in each XTT group and rosuvastatin group were orderly arranged, manifested as decreased collagen fiber decomposition and increased plaque stability. Conclusion:XTT down-regulates the expression of p38 MAPK and MMP-9, increases the level of TIMP-1, reduces the nuclear translocation of AP-1, diminishes the decomposition of collagen fibers in VSMCs, and improves the score of combined phlegm and blood stasis syndrome. XTT alleviates arteriosclerosis due to combined phlegm and blood stasis by regulating p38 MAPK/AP-1 signaling pathway and downstream cytokines and stabilizing vulnerable plaques.

3.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 401-414, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914309

ABSTRACT

Ischaemic stroke is a common condition leading to human disability and death. Previous studies have shown that oleanolic acid (OA) ameliorates oxidative injury and cerebral ischaemic damage, and miR-186-5p is verified to be elevated in serum from ischaemic stroke patients. Herein, we investigated whether OA regulates miR-186-5p expression to control neuroglobin (Ngb) levels, thereby inhibiting neuronal pyroptosis in ischaemic stroke. Three concentrations of OA (0.5, 2, or 8 μM) were added to primary hippocampal neurons subjected to oxygen–glucose deprivation/ reperfusion (OGD/R), a cell model of ischaemic stroke. We found that OA treatment markedly inhibited pyroptosis. qRT–PCR and western blot revealed that OA suppressed the expression of pyroptosis-associated genes. Furthermore, OA inhibited LDH and proinflammatory cytokine release. In addition, miR-186-5p was downregulated while Ngb was upregulated in OA-treated OGD/R neurons. MiR-186-5p knockdown repressed OGD/R-induced pyroptosis and suppressed LDH and inflammatory cytokine release. In addition, a dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-186-5p directly targeted Ngb. OA reduced miR-186-5p to regulate Ngb levels, thereby inhibiting pyroptosis in both OGD/R-treated neurons and MCAO mice. In conclusion, OA alleviates pyroptosis in vivo and in vitro by downregulating miR-186-5p and upregulating Ngb expression, which provides a novel theoretical basis illustrating that OA can be considered a drug for ischaemic stroke.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method in pediatric nursing teaching.Methods:A total of 108 nursing students interned in our hospital in 2019 were selected and randomly divided into two groups, among which, 54 nurses who accepted the traditional teaching method were taken as the control group, and 54 ones who adopted Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method were taken as the research group. The scores of theory and operation skills of the two groups were evaluated before and after teaching, at the same time, the comprehensive ability was assessed and the satisfaction survey was conducted among the students after the teaching. SPSS 20.0 was used for data processing, the scores of theory and operation skills comprehensive ability and nursing students' satisfaction with teaching were described with ( ± s) and t test was performed. Results:After the teaching, the theoretical knowledge and operational skills scores of the two groups were significantly improved than those before the teaching ( P<0.05), and those of all students in the research group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The scores of ability to integrate theory with practice, self-learning ability, communication ability, teamwork ability, independent thinking and problem solving ability, clinical thinking ability in the research group were higher than those in the control group, with statistical differences ( P<0.05). And students in research group had significantly higher overall satisfaction scores on the teaching than those in control group had ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Application of Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method in pediatric practice teaching can improve the theoretical knowledge and operational level of nursing students, enhance their communication ability and other abilities, and help to improve their satisfaction with teaching.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 575-580, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the patient-ventilator interaction of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) in patients with severe neurological diseases.Methods:A prospective study was conducted. Sixteen severe neurological patients with tracheotomy admitted to neurosurgery intensive care unit (NSICU) of Yijishan Hospital of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from September 2019 to February 2020 were enrolled. According to the random number table method, they were treated with pressure support ventilation (PSV) mode followed by NAVA mode or NAVA mode followed by PSV mode mechanical ventilation. Each mode was ventilated for 24 hours. The number of auto-triggering, ineffective trigger, double trigger, inspiratory trigger delay, premature cycling, late cycling, and patient-ventilator asynchronous time (inspiratory trigger delay time, premature cycling time, and late cycling time) within 1 minute were recorded every 8 hours for 3 minutes. The average number of asynchronies per minute, asynchrony index (AI), total AI, asynchrony time, arterial blood gas analysis, and coefficient variation (CV%) of respiratory mechanics parameters of each asynchrony type between the two modes were compared.Results:There were significant decrease in the number or AI of auto-triggering, ineffective trigger, inspiratory trigger delay, premature cycling, and late cycling with NAVA mode ventilation compared with PSV mode ventilation [auto-triggering times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.58), auto-triggering AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.02), ineffective trigger times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.33) vs. 1.00 (0.33, 2.17), ineffective trigger AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.02) vs. 0.05 (0.02, 0.09), inspiratory trigger delay times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.58) vs. 0.67 (0.33, 1.58), inspiratory trigger delay AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.02) vs. 0.05 (0.02, 0.09), premature cycling times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.33) vs. 0.33 (0.08, 1.00), premature cycling AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.01) vs. 0.02 (0.00, 0.05), late cycling times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 1.17 (0.00, 4.83), late cycling AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.07 (0.00, 0.25), all P < 0.05]. But there was significant increase in the number or AI of double trigger with NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [times (times/min): 1.00 (0.33, 2.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.00), AI: 0.04 (0.02, 0.11) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.00), both P < 0.05]. Total AI and incidence of total AI > 0.1 showed significant decrease during NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [total AI: 0.08 (0.04, 0.14) vs. 0.22 (0.18, 0.46), incidence of total AI > 0.1: 37.50% (6/16) vs. 93.75% (15/16), both P < 0.01]. There was no significant difference in asynchronous time or arterial blood gas analysis between the two modes. There were significant increases in variances of peak airway pressure (Ppeak) and expiratory tidal volume (VTe) during NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [Ppeak coefficient of variation (CV%): 11.25 (7.12, 15.17)% vs. 0.00 (0.00, 2.82)%, VTe CV%: (8.93±5.53)% vs. (4.71±2.61)%, both P < 0.05]. Conclusions:Compared with PSV mode, NAVA mode can reduce the occurrence of patient-ventilator asynchronous events, reduce the AI and the occurrence of serious patient-ventilator asynchronous events, so as to improve the patient-ventilator interaction. NAVA and PSV modes can achieve the same gas exchange effect. At the same time, NAVA mode has potential advantages in avoiding insufficient or excessive ventilation support, diaphragm protection and prevention of ventilator-induced lung injury.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846310

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method for determination of quercetin-3-O-gentiobioside, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin, and 5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone in Abelmoschus esculentus from 12 different regions of China. Methods: COSMOSIL column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5.4 μm) was used. The gradient elution was carried out with acetonitrile and 0.2% phosphoric acid aqueous solution. The detection wavelength was 353 nm and the flow rate was 1 mL/min. Results: The contents of quercetin-3-O-gentiobioside, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin and 5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone had good linear relationship in the ranges of 15.72- 251.50 μg/mL (r = 0.999 5), 15.47-247.50 μg/mL (r = 0.999 6), 14.41-230.50 μg/mL (r = 0.999 5), 21.88-350.00 μg/mL (r = 0.999 7), and 17.25-276.00 μg/mL (r = 0.999 1). The average sample recovery rate was 97.46%, 96.74%, 100.21%, 95.66%, 98.35%, and RSD was 1.97%, 1.37%, 1.86%, 2.72%, 2.23%, respectively. Conclusion: This method is simple and accurate. It is suitable for simultaneous determination of quercetin-3-O-gentiobioside, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin and 5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone. The content of the five flavones can be used as one of the methods for evaluating the quality of A. esculentus.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873332

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the forming process of the gynandrium-like in Amomum villosum. Method::The flowerets were divided into 8 growth periods from 0.5 cm in length to the day after flowering. Fresh sample were anatomized, and paraffin sectioning was performed on the flowerets. The height of anther chamber, the pollen sac angles, the width of anther gap, the diameter of style, the filament-labellum angle (α), and the filament-anther angle (β) were determined. Result::The angle of the pollen sac had no obvious change before flowering, but decreased from 32° to 17° after flowering. The width of anther gap increased to 0.29 mm in the 5th growth period, while the diameter of style was 0.32 mm in the same period, the ratio of them was 92%. Compared with the day before flowering, the angle α decreased from 83° to 42° during flowering, and the angle β decreased from 186° to 147°. In the filament, the abaxial side had 1 to 5 layers of cells more than the adaxial side. In the style, it was found that the adaxial side had 1 to 6 layers of cells more than the abaxial side. Conclusion::The asymmetry of the cell structure at abaxial and adaxial sides of the filament and style is the basis of the movement. In the 5th growth period, the width of anther gap increased almost to the size of style, so the style was able to slide in. When blossoming, the pollen sacs quickly squeezed to the gap in middle, and the entrance for style to access was blocked. Therefore, the style had to remain in the gap of the pollen sacs. Meanwhile, angles α and β drastically decreased, resulting in the stamen sandwiched the pistil and bending together toward the labellum. The gynandrium-like structure was formed.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744011

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficiency and safety of genipin collagen crosslinking (G-CXL) on rabbit corneas in vivo.Methods Forty healthy New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into 0.20% G-CXL,0.25% G-CXL,standard UVA-CXL and normal control group.And the right eyes were treated in different grouping.No procedures were performed in the normal control group.The corneal curvature (Km) and central corneal thickness (CCT) of right eyes were evaluated before,7 days and 14 days after crosslinking treatment.Cornea strips were harvested from the right eyes and tensile strain measurements were performed 7 days and 14 days after crosslinking treatment.The structure of corneal stroma was observed under light microscope (LM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM).Results No statistically significant differences in Km were observed among different groups or different timepoints (Fgroup =0.301,P=0.825;Ftime =1.287,P=0.284).Significant difference in CCTs was noticed among different time pionts (Ftime =3.786,P =0.029).Compared with preoperative,the CCTs of all the groups were significantly increased 7 days after crosslinking (all at P<0.05).No significant difference in CCT was found among the groups (Fgroup =0.557,P=0.646).Seven days after crosslinking treatment,the Young's modulus at 10% strain was (1 1.96±5.74),(21.24±6.77),(18.76±3.34) and (11.56±4.37) MPa in 0.20% G-CXL group,0.25% G-CXL group,UVA-CXL group and normal control group,respectively;the stress at 10% strain was (0.68 ±0.24),(1.20 ± 0.25),(1.0l ± 0.30) and (0.69 ± 0.26) MPa,respectively;the Young's modulus and stress in 0.25% G-CXL group was significantly increased when compared with those in 0.20% G-CXL and normal control group (both at P<0.05).No significant difference in Young's modulus and stress was observed between 0.25% G-CXL group and UVA-CXL group (all at P>0.05).Forteen days after crosslinking treatment,Young's modulus at 10%strain was (16.65±3.19),(19.12±2.39),(22.83 ±4.38) and (12.70±2.72)MPa in 0.20% G-CXL group,0.25% G-CXL group,UVA-CXL group and normal control group,respectively;stress at 10% strain was (0.83 ±0.12),(0.97±0.04),(1.23±0.30) and (0.65±0.20) MPa,respectively;the Young's modulus and stress in UVA-CXL group was significantly increased,when compared with 0.20% G-CXL group and normal control group (all at P<0.05).Statistical significance of stress was observed between 0.25% G-CXL group and UVA-CXL group (P =0.046).There is no significant difference in Young's modulus between 0.25% G-CXL and UVA-CXL group (P =0.090).LM showed the reduction of keratocytes existed in superficial stroma of 0.20% and 0.25 % G-CXL groups,while the reduction of keratocyte was found in anterior and intermediate stroma of UVA-CXL group.In 0.20% and 0.25% G-CXL groups,the ultrastructure of keratocytes was normal except vacuole in some keratocytes.Keratocytes apoptosis was noticed in UVA-CXL group and keratocytes was normal in deep stroma under TEM.Conclusions 0.25% has a similar biomechanics effect when compared to UVA-CXL.Moreover,histological observation proves a better safety of G-CXL in comparison of UVA-CXL.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802108

ABSTRACT

Objective: To set up a callus induction system for Amomum villosum by tissue culture. Method: The rhizome buds of A. villosum and stem segments,root tip segments of sterile A. villosum plantles were used as explants and cultured in MS media with different concentrations of 6-BA,NAA and 2,4-D (the pH of each medi is about 5.8). A callus induction system was established to explore the effect of different explants and different medium on callus induction for A. villosum. Result:The findings showed that the rhizome buds and sterile plantlet stems and root tip segments of three different explants can be successfully induced into calli. The most suitable medium for callus induction from rhizome buds and sterile plantlet stems was MS with 6-BA (1.5 mg·L-1),2,4-D (1.0 mg·L-1) and NAA (0.5 mg·L-1) with the highest induction rates of 15% and 60% respectively. MS medium combined with 6-BA (2.0 mg·L-1),2,4-D (1.0 mg·L-1) and NAA (1.0 mg·L-1) was the most suitable proposal for inducing the callus from sterile root tip segments with the highest induction rate of 76%. Conclusion:Under certain culture conditions,rhizome buds,stem or root tip segments of sterile plantlet can be effectively induced into callus. The callus induction system of A. villosum is preliminarily established, and root tip segments of sterile plantlet are the optimal explant.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824185

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the occurrence and clinical significance of hypophosphatemia after mod-erate-to-major abdominal surgery. Methods A total of 120 patients who had received moderate to major abdominal surgery and then transferred to the intensive care unit ( ICU) from January 2008 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The peri-operative parameters of serum inorganic phosphate and calcium levels were recorded and analyzed. The incidence of hypophosphatemia after the operation was calculated. The effect of phosphorus-supplement infusion on the complications and mortality within 30 days after the operation were observed. Results After moderate-to-major surgery, the phosphorus concentration significantly decreased [ (1. 21±0. 27) vs. (0. 83±0. 24) mmol/L, P<0. 05];the incidence of hypophosphatemia was 58. 3%, especially in patients with nutritional risk assessed before the operation. The post-operative complications were less in the phosphorus-supplement infusion group than in the control group (17. 5%vs. 41. 3%, P=0. 028). Conclusion The incidence of hypophosphatemia is relatively high after moderate-to-major abdominal surgery, especially in patients with nutritional risks. The treatment of phosphorus-sup-plement infusion can benefit the patients in their short-term prognosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776389

ABSTRACT

In order to set up a technical standard for planting Amomum villosum in wood forest in the future, we analyzed the relationship between the ecological factors and the yield of A. villosum planted in five Dimocarpus imocarpus longan wood forests and five miscellaneous wood forests in Yangchun city, to find out the dominant factors that affect the yield of A. villosum. The results showed that agricultural measures of fertilization, artificial irrigation and removing the old plants were positively correlated with the yield of A. villosum, the pesticide spraying and soil pH value were negatively correlated with the yield of A. villosum. But the effects of ecological factors on the yield were not significantly. High yield regions are generally located in the ravine, two sides of mountain stream and other places where water is more adequate. The slope of cultivated field with high yield is generally less than 30°, lighting and ventilation are more appropriate; soil type is generally sandy or loam, shade density is generally about 50%, and pollinators are many in quantity and variety. And we found that there was a large difference in mineral nutrient contents of soils among ten plantations. Results indicate that the yield of A. villosum is determined by the combination of each ecological factor. Suitable light intensity, moisture, ventilation and reasonable fertilization are conductive to increase the yield of A. villosum, but the use of pesticides and soil alkalization hinder the increase of A. villosum production. Too high shade density and the abuse of pesticides may be the main reason for limiting the yield of A. villosum planted in D. longan wood forests. This study has obtained key techniques of the ecological stereoscopic cultivation mode of A. villosum-D. longan, which lays a theoretical foundation for the guidance of farmers in planting A. villosum in the D. Longan forest in the future.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Amomum , Ecology , Forests , Soil , Water
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693202

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of applying a new intravenous resuscitation solution to electrolyte imbalance in miniature pigs after seawater immersion injury.Methods A total of 20 Guizhou Ⅲ type miniature pigs aged 4 months were randomly divided to A and B groups,10 in each.The seawater immersion injury model was used to soak sea water for 3 hours.The changes of electrolytes in miniature pigs before and after soaking wererecorded.A group with intravenous infusion of 0.9% sodium chloride solution,and B group with new type ofrecovery liquid intravenous rehydration.Electrolyte changes after infusion were recorded and analyzed.Data ofnormal distribution measurement data were expressed as ((x) ± s).The data of electrolyte before and after immersionwere analyzed by paired t test.After soaking,the relative data of electrolyte after sub-group rehydration wereanalyzed by independent sample t test.Results After seawater immersion,pH value were dropped from 7.39 ±0.06and 7.39 ±0.04 to 7.32 ±0.05 and 7.33 ±0.05,serum K + concentration elevated from (3.93 ±0.38) mmol/Land (3.93±0.42) mmol/L to (4.35 ±0.33) mmol/L and (4.37 ±0.14) mmol/L.Clconcentration increased from (93.38 ± 4.29) mmol/L and (92.88 ± 3.79) mmol/L to (102.80 ± 4.29) mmol/Land (103.50±2.46) mmol/L.Na+ concentration in serum were dropped from (140.64 ± 4.99) mmol/L and(140.69 ±4.72) mmol/L to (136.80 ±4.32) mmol/L and (136.90 ±3.03) mmol/L.After normal saline andnew type of recovery liquid rehydration respectively,group B with new recovery liquid,pH increased from 7.33 ±0.05 to 7.38 ±0.04 (P <0.05),serum concentration of K+ and Cl-concentration were dropped from (4.37 ±0.14) mmol/L and (103.50 ±2.46) mmol/L to (3.87 ±0.25) mmol/L and (94.15 ±4.23) mmol/L (P =0.005,P =0.007).The concentration of serum Na + back up from (136.90 ± 3.03) mmol/L to (139.30 ±3.06) mmol/L (P =0.038).A group of saline infusion after the various indicators did not change significantly.Conclusion The new intravenous resuscitation solution of miniature pigs electrolyte imbalance correction effect issignificant,that the resuscitation solution has some clinical value for seawater immersion iniurv.

14.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 23-30, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702944

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of endobronchial ultrasound elastography in diagnosis of mediastinal lymph nodes by measuring the parameters of endobronchial ultrasound elastography. Methods Between 2016 and 2017, 46 patients with 63 lesions underwent EBUS-TBNA examination were included. Conventional ultrasound and ultrasound elastography were performed respectively to examine 63 lymph nodes before aspiration. Then various features of conventional ultrasound and parameters of ultrasound elastography were analyzed and recorded. Then evaluate the value of ultrasound elastography by pathological results and three-month follow-up data. Result The diagnostic value of ultrasound elastography image type, elasticity score, strain ratio and blue area ratio for malignant lymph nodes were higher than that of conventional ultrasound features in accuracy, sensitivity and specificity (P < 0.05); The accuracy of the boundary was the highest in the diagnosis of malignant lymph nodes. In the ultrasound elastography parameters, the accuracy of the elasticity score was the highest, and the blue area ratio had the largest area under the curve. When the boundary was used as the joint index to judge malignant lymph nodes with elasticity score and area ratio respectively, significantly higher than the diagnostic accuracy of conventional ultrasound and ultrasound elastography alone (P < 0.05). Conclusion The value of ultrasound elastography parameter in mediastinal lymph nodes diagnosis is higher than the conventional ultrasound features and a combination of both applications can improve discrimination accuracy of benign and malignant lymph nodes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701635

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate treatment strategies for fungal endocarditis after heart prosthetic valve surgery. Methods Two cases of severe fungal infection after heart prosthetic valves surgery were analyzed retrospectively, related literatures were reviewed.Results Two patients had fungal endocarditis after surgery,the valve function was affected,patients were hospitalized repeatedly after surgery.In case 1 ,fever occurred 45 days after cardiac sur-gery and patient was returned to the hospital for re-examination,emergency mitral valve replacement was performed under cardiopulmonary bypass,the postoperative vegetation culture suggested Aspergillus flavus.In case 2,the aortic wall vegetation was removed 5 months after heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass,pathology of post-operative vegetation suggested mucor.Two patients were promptly removed infection foci through surgery and trea-ted with standard antifungal agents,patient with Aspergillus infection died after rescue,and patient with mucor in-fection was cured,the latter was more powerful in antifungal therapy.Conclusion Prevention is the key to fungal endocarditis after heart prosthetic valve surgery,treatment should be prompt and effective,antifungal agents should be given in sufficient dose and course.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690713

ABSTRACT

To explore the network pharmacological mechanisms of four anti-vitiligo Uyghur medicines based on the Phlegmatic temperament theory. First, The anti-vitiligo Uyghur medicine formulas based on Phlegmatic temperament theory were collected. The pharmacokinetic characteristic of main compounds in four anti-vitiligo Uyghur medicines were obtained by using admetSAR. The targets of active compounds were predicted via bSDTNBI (balanced substructure-drug-target network-based inference model) method. Then, biological process (BP) and molecular function (MF) enrichment analysis of targets were analysed via DAVID database. Constructing anti-vitiligo Uyghur medicine formula-Uyghur medicines network model (FMI network) and Uyghur medicines-active compounds-targets-BP-Hilit network model (MCTBHI network), we utilized closeness centrality to analyse key Uyghur medicines, active compounds, key targets as well as Hilit. Finally, the in vitro melanin production model of C57BL/6 mice was used to verify the ability of the active compounds to improve melanogenesis. The results showed that Psoralea corylifolia, Vernonia anthelmintica, Syzygium aromaticum and Anacyclus pyrethrum were the key Uyghur medicines in the FMI network. There were 22 active compounds with a relatively higher bioavailability interacted with 58 therapeutic targets. These active compounds were mainly composed of coumarins and flavonoids. In the MCTBHI network, the MF of 58 therapeutic targets was related to steroid hormone receptor activity, heme binding and enzyme binding functhon. Classification of the Hilit according to the BP of 58 therapeutic targets, the first place was the blood, followed by the lymph, the cerebrospinal fluid and digestive juice. It was found that the expression of some targets located in the skin was closed to the heart muscle, lymph node, spleen, cerebral cortex and so on, which were the main places for Hilit. In particular, ESR1, PTGS2, PPARA, PPARG, PTGS1 and CA2 were regulated by the flavonoids (kaempferide and isorhamnetin). The in vitro melanin production model showed that kaempferide and isorhamnetin could promote the melanin production in C57BL/6 mice ear skin. Based on admetSAR and bSDTNBI, we used network pharmacological method to construct a systematic means of studying anti-vitiligo Uyghur medicines, providing clues for the further study of the modern molecular mechanisms of Phlegmatic temperament.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 166-168, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711651

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anatomical structure of the first plantar lumbrical muscle in the foot and to measure the relevant data which could provide anatomical basis for repairing thumb and finger defects with the transplantation of toes accompanied with the first lumbrical muscle,and to explore the marphological function of the first lumbrical muscle of the foot.Methods From March,2016 to January,2018,a systematic and detailed dissection of the 50 formalin-fixed feet was performed to observe the exact position of the starting and ending points of the first lumbrical muscle,and a Vernier caloper was used to measure the relevant record data.Results The first lumbrical muscle originates from the medial portion of the flexor digitorum lungus tendon of the second toe,and the length of the ventral muscle was [55.87±8.67(79.30-41.16] mm.There were 2 endpoints in the tendon.The first one was in the medial tubercle of the proximal phalanges.The second one was aponeurosis of the dorsal toe and the tendon was divided into proximal and distal segments with the medial tubercle as the mark point.The length of the proximal segment was [15.34±4.81(5.52-25.18] mm,the width of the proximal segment was [2.31±1.12(3.28-1.21)] mm,the thickness was [0.44±0.14(0.28-0.68)] mm;the length of the distal segment was [11.51±4.06(3.46-14.90)] mm,the width was [6.10±1.44(9.36-3.70)] mm,and the thickness was [0.18±0.09(1.10-0.38)] mm.The length and thickness of the proximal segment was signifantly larger than those of the distal segment (P<0.05).Conclusion The first lumbrical muscle has the function of maintaining the balance and stability of both the toe and the arch during movement,flexuring the metatarsophalangeal joint,extending the interosseous joint of the extensor phalangeal,adducting the second toe;also the function of preventing the second toe from pronation during foots' movement.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663068

ABSTRACT

Background Keratoconus is a chronic and progressive non-inflammatory ectatic disorder characterized by corneal thinning and irregular corneal topography,and its pathgenesis is a hot topic.A suitable animal model of keratoconus is still lacking,which limits the progress of relevant research.Corneal ectasia is a main anatomical basis of keratoconus,so we assume that keratoconus model could be constructed by simulating corneal ectasia.Objective This study was to investigate the influence of collagenase type Ⅱ on biomechanical responses detected by corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology (Corvis ST) and the feasibility of construction of rabbit model of corneal ectasia using coliagenase type Ⅱ.Methods This study protocol was approved by Ethic Committee of Peking University First Hospital and followed the Statement about experimental animal use and care from Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO).Keratectasia models were established in 10 right eyes of 10 New Zealand white rabbits by soaking 8 mm-diameter central cornea using collagenase type Ⅱ solution prepared by PBS solution containing 15% dextran (200 μl of 5 mg/ml) for 30 minutes after epithelial debridement,and only 200 μl PBS solution containing 15% dextran was used in the same way in the left eyes as controls.The average corneal curvature (Km) and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured with hand-held electronic corneal curvature meter and corneal ultra-sonic pachymetry respectively before modeling and 14 days after modeling.Corneal biomechanical parameters and intraocular pressure were measured in vivo by using Corvis ST at day 14 after modeling.The rabbits were sacrificed at day 14 after modeling,and corneal sections were prepared for hematoxylineosin staining and transmission electron microscopic examination.Results There were no significant differences in Km and C CT between model group and control group before modeling (Km:[48.28±2.29] D vs.[48.82± 1.63] D;CCT:[356.50± 19.13] μm vs.[356.20±21.66] μm;both at P>0.05).The Km increased to (48.87±2.27) D and CCT decreased to (340.40±19.84)μm at day 14 after modeling,which were significantly different from (46.86±1.47) D and (367.80±23.38)μm (both at P<0.01).The maximal deformation amplitude of model group and control group was (1.25±0.07) mm and (1.15 ±0.13) mm,respectively,showing a considerable difference between them (t=2.65,P<0.05).No significant differences were found in applanation 1/2 time,applanation 1/2 length,applanation velocity,radius of curvature and peak distance between the two groups (all at P>0.05).The morphology and ultrastructure examinations revealed that the arrangement of collagen fibers was loose and disorder and the interfiber space was enlarged in comparison with control group.Conclusions Collagenase type Ⅱ can lower corneal biomechanical properties.Soaking of cornea with collagenase type Ⅱ may be a potential way to establish a keratectasia animal model.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808144

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To research the gene characteristics of neuraminidase(NA) gene of influenza A(H1N1) virus of Chongqing from 2011 to 2016.@*Methods@#Forty-three H1N1 influenza virus strains isolated from 2011 to 2016 were chosen according to the different time and places of isolation. NA genetic sections were amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced, and then the sequences of nucleic and amino acid were analyzed.@*Results@#Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the relationship between H1N1 viruses from 2011 to 2016 and the vaccine strain was close to each other. Compared with the vaccine strain A/California/07/2009(H1N1), the homologies in nucleotide and amino acid sequences for NA gene were 97.9%-99.4% and 96.8%-98.9%, respectively. Most of the strains had the same eight potential glycosylation sites as the vaccine strains, and some strains got new potential glycosylation sites at NA protein site 42, while some lost their potential glycosylation sites at NA protein site 386.@*Conclusions@#The changes of H1N1 NA gene had increased year by year, but H1N1 viruses in Chongqing area were still sensitive to Daffy. And monitoring the drug resistant viruses should be strengthened, in order to provide measures against H1N1 viruses.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607634

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the efficacy and safety of morinidazole combined with appendectomy in treating purulent or gangrenous appendicitis.Methods Double-blind randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial was designed and conducted.Totally 437 patients were included,219 in the control group and 218 in the experimental group.Cases of purulent or gangrenous appendicitis were enrolled and assigned to each of the two groups.The control group received ornidazole injection for 5 to 7 days while the experimental group received morinidazole injection.Both groups underwent appendectomy.Clinical response,micrombiological outcomes,overall response were evaluated.Adverse events and side effects were recorded.Results No significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding the clinical healing rate at 5-10 days after medicine withdrawal,anaerobia clearance and overall healing rates.Adverse events occurred in 140 patients (32.1%).Incidence of adverse events in the control group and the experimental group was 34.7% and 29.4%,respectively (P > 0.05).The overall incidence of side effects was 15.1% (66 cases).Side effects were less seen in the experimental group compared with that in the control group (11.5% vs.18.7%,P < 0.05).The most frequent side effects were aminotransferase rising,thrombocytosis,nausea,vomiting and electrocardiographic abnormality.Conclusions The effect of morinidazole plus operation was comparable with ornidazole in treating purulent or gangrenous appendicitis.The safety of morinidazole is better than ornidazole.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL