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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 143-151, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005263

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect and mechanism of Yixintai on mitochondrial fission proteins in the rat model of chronic heart failure. MethodTen of 60 SD rats were randomly selected as the sham operation group, and the remaining 50 rats were subjected to ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for the modeling of heart failure post myocardial infarction. The successfully modeled rats were randomized into model, low-, medium-, and high-dose (1.4, 2.8, and 5.6 g·kg-1, respectively) Yixintai, and trimetazidine (10 mg·kg-1) groups. The rats were administrated with corresponding doses of drugs by gavage, and the rats in the model group and sham operation group were given an equal volume of normal saline by gavage for 28 consecutive days. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was then employed to measure the levels of amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP), B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the serum. Color Doppler ultrasound imaging was conducted to examine the cardiac function indicators. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining were conducted to observe the pathological changes in the heart, and Image J was used to calculate collagen volume fraction (CVF). Transmission electron microscopy was employed to observe the ultrastructural changes of myocardial cells. Terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase-mediated nick-end labeling (TUNEL) was employed to measure the apoptosis rate of myocardial cells. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of mitochondrial fission protein 1 (Fis1) and mitochondrial fission factor (Mff) in the outer mitochondrial membrane of the myocardial tissue. ResultCompared with the sham operation group, the model group showed elevated levels of NT-pro BNP and BNP in the serum, decreased ATP content, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and left ventricular fraction shortening (LVFS), increased left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVIDd) and left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVIDs), disarrangement of myocardial cells, inflammatory cell infiltration, increased collagen fibers and CVF, damaged myocardium and mitochondria, and increased apoptosis rate of myocardial cells, and up-regulated expression of Fis1 and Mff in the cardiac tissue (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, different doses of Yixintai and trimetazidine lowered the serum levels of NT-pro BNP and BNP (P<0.05), increased the ATP content (P<0.05), increased LVEF and LVFS (P<0.01), decreased LVIDd and LVIDs (P<0.01). Moreover, the drugs alleviated the myocardial inflammatory damage and fibrosis, reduced CVF (P<0.01), repaired the myocardial mitochondrial structure, and decreased the apoptosis rate of myocardial cells (P<0.01). Medium- and high-dose Yixintai and trimetazidine down-regulated the expression of Fis1 and Mff in the myocardial tissue (P<0.05). ConclusionYixintai can improve mitochondrial structure, reduce myocardial cell apoptosis, and improve cardiac function by inhibiting the expression of Fis1 and Mff in the myocardial tissue.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 730-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance of early troponin I (TnI) level in the prognosis of severe heat stroke.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 131 patients with severe heat stroke in the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Affiliated Changzhou NO.2 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (study dataset) and ICU 67 patients with severe heat stroke in Jintan First People's Hospital of Changzhou (validation dataset) were retrospectively analyzed from June 2013 to September 2022. The patients were divided into survival group and death group according to 30-day outcomes. TnI was collected within 24 hours after admission to the emergency department. Cox regression analysis was performed to analyze the risk factors of severe heat stroke death. Spearman correlation test was used to analyze the correlation between TnI and heart rate, and peripheral systolic blood pressure. The receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of TnI for death in patients with severe heat stroke. Decision curve analysis (DCA) was conducted to assess the clinical net benefit rate of TnI prediction. Grouping by TnI cut-off value, Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze 30-day cumulative survival. Sensitivity analysis included modified Possion regression, E-value, and subgroup forest map was used to evaluate the mortality risk of TnI in different populations. External dataset was used to verify the predictive value of TnI.@*RESULTS@#The death group had significantly higher TnI compared to the survival group [μg/L: 0.623 (0.196, 1.510) vs. 0.084 (0.019, 0.285), P < 0.01]. Multivariate Cox regression analysis after adjusting for confounding factors showed that TnI was an independent risk factor for death [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.885, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.528-2.325,P < 0.001]. Spearman correlation test showed that TnI was positively correlated with heart rate (r = 0.537, P < 0.001) and negatively correlated with peripheral systolic blood pressure (r = -0.611, P < 0.001). ROC curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the TnI (0.817) was better than that of the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II, 0.756). The DCA curve showed that the range of clinical net benefit rate of TnI (6.21%-20.00%) was higher than that of APACHE II score (5.14%-20.00%). Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that patients in the low-risk group (TnI ≤ 0.106) had a significantly higher 30-day survival rate than that in the high-risk group (TnI > 0.106) group (Log-Rank test: χ2 = 17.350, P < 0.001). Modified Possion regression with adjustment for confounding factors showed that TnI was still an independent risk factor for death in patients with severe heat stroke [relative risk (RR) = 1.425, 95%CI was 1.284-1.583, P < 0.001]. The E-value was 2.215. The subgroup forest plot showed that the risk factors of TnI were obvious in male patients and patients ≤ 60 years old (male: HR = 1.731, 95%CI was 1.402-2.138, P < 0.001; ≤ 60 years old: HR = 1.651, 95%CI was 1.362-2.012, P < 0.001). In the validation dataset, ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC (0.836) of TnI predicting the prognosis of severe heat stroke was still higher than the APACHE II score (0.763).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early elevation of TnI is a high-risk factor for death in patients with severe heat stroke, and it has a good predictive value for death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Troponin I , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Relevance , ROC Curve , Prognosis , Intensive Care Units , Heat Stroke/diagnosis , Sepsis
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 182-188, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic effect and safety of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) mode on the patients with severe neurological cerebrovascular disease undergoing mechanical ventilation.Methods:A prospective study was conducted. Fifty-four patients with cerebrovascular disease undergoing mechanical ventilation admitted to the neurosurgery intensive care unit (NSICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College (Yijishan Hospital) from December 2020 to May 2022 were enrolled. They were divided into NAVA group and pressure support ventilation (PSV) group by computer random number generator with 27 patients in each group. The ventilation time of the two groups was ≥72 hours. The general basic data of the two groups were recorded. The time without mechanical ventilation 28 days after enrollment, total length of mechanical ventilation, survival rate of 90 days after enrollment, length of NSICU stay, total length of hospital stay, NSICU mortality, in-hospital mortality, Glasgow outcome score (GOS), complications related to mechanical ventilation, and changes of respiratory mechanics indexes, arterial blood gases, vital signs, and diaphragm function indexes were observed.Results:The time without mechanical ventilation 28 days after enrollment in the NAVA group was significantly longer than that in the PSV group [days: 22 (15, 26) vs. 6 (0, 23), P < 0.05]. However, there were no significant differences in the total length of mechanical ventilation, 90-day survival rate, length of NSICU stay, total length of hospital stay, NSICU mortality, in-hospital mortality, GOS score, and incidence of mechanical ventilator-related complications between the two groups. In terms of respiratory mechanics parameters, the expiratory tidal volume (VTe) on 3 days after mechanical ventilation of patients in the NAVA group was significantly lower than that on 1 day and 2 days, and significantly lower than that in the PSV group [mL: 411.0 (385.2, 492.6) vs. 489.0 (451.8, 529.4), P < 0.01]. Minute ventilation (MV) at 2 days and 3 days in the NAVA group was significantly higher than that at 1 day, and significantly higher than that in the PSV group at 2 days [L/min: 9.8 (8.4, 10.9) vs. 7.8 (6.5, 9.8), P < 0.01], while there was no significant change of MV in the PSV group. At 1 day, peak airway pressure (Ppeak) and mean airway pressure (Pmean) in the NAVA group were significantly lower than those in the PSV group [Ppeak (cmH 2O, 1 cmH 2O≈0.098 kPa): 14.0 (12.2, 17.0) vs. 16.6 (15.0, 17.4), Pmean (cmH 2O): 7.0 (6.2, 7.9) vs. 8.0 (7.0, 8.2), both P < 0.05]. However, there was no significant difference in the Ppeak or Pmean at 2 days and 3 days between the two groups. In terms of arterial blood gas, there was no significant difference in pH value between the two groups, but with the extension of mechanical ventilation time, the pH value at 3 days of the two groups was significantly higher than that at 1 day. Arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) at 1 day in the NAVA group was significantly lower than that in the PSV group [mmHg (1 mmHg≈0.133 kPa): 122.01±37.77 vs. 144.10±40.39, P < 0.05], but there was no significant difference in PaO 2 at 2 days and 3 days between the two groups. There was no significant difference in arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) or oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) between the two groups. In terms of vital signs, the respiratory rate (RR) at 1, 2, and 3 days of the NAVA group was significantly higher than that of the PSV group [times/min: 19.2 (16.0, 25.2) vs. 15.0 (14.4, 17.0) at 1 day, 21.4 (16.4, 26.0) vs. 15.8 (14.0, 18.6) at 2 days, 20.6 (17.0, 23.0) vs. 16.7 (15.0, 19.0) at 3 days, all P < 0.01]. In terms of diaphragm function, end-inspiratory diaphragm thickness (DTei) at 3 days in the NAVA group was significantly higher than that in the PSV group [cm: 0.26 (0.22, 0.29) vs. 0.22 (0.19, 0.26), P < 0.05]. There was no significant difference in end-expiratory diaphragm thickness (DTee) between the two groups. The diaphragm thickening fraction (DTF) at 2 days and 3 days in the NAVA group was significantly higher than that in the PSV group [(35.18±12.09)% vs. (26.88±8.33)% at 2 days, (35.54±13.40)% vs. (24.39±9.16)% at 3 days, both P < 0.05]. Conclusions:NAVA mode can be applied in patients with neuro-severe cerebrovascular disease, which can prolong the time without mechanical ventilation support and make patients obtain better lung protective ventilation. At the same time, it has certain advantages in avoiding ventilator-associated diaphragm dysfunction and improving diaphragm function.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 723-730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972392

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the role and mechanism of methyltransferase-like 3(METTL3)-mediated N6-methyladenosine(m6A)methylation modification in regulating biological activity of vascular endothelial cells in the pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularization.METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC)cultured in vitro were divided into the following groups: control group(normal culture), low density lipoprotein(LDL)group, fluorescence-labelled LDL(Dil-LDL)group, 12.5μg/mL and 25μg/mL oxidized LDL(ox-LDL)groups, 12.5μg/mL and 25μg/mL fluorescence-labelled ox-LDL(Dil-ox-LDL)groups, DMSO group, STM2457(METTL3 inhibitor)group, DAPT group; and monkey retina-choroidal endothelial cells(RF/6A)cultured in vitro were divided into control group, DMSO group, 12.5 μg/mL ox-LDL group, and DAPT group. Endocytosed lipoprotein level was examined through fluorescence microscopy. RNA m6A methylation level was detected through a dot blot assay. Protein and RNA levels of METTL3 or angiogenesis-related markers were measured through Western blot assays and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR), respectively. METTL3 expression and localization were investigated through immunofluorescence. Cell migratory and tube formation capacities were assessed through transwell migration and tube formation assays, respectively.RESULTS: Endocytosed lipoprotein levels in HUVECs exposed to Dil-LDL, 12.5μg/mL and 25μg/mL Dil-ox-LDL groups were significantly higher than those in the control group. 12.5μg/mL and 25μg/mL ox-LDL groups significantly increased m6A methylation(all P&#x003C;0.05), METTL3 protein expression(all P&#x003C;0.01), and cell migration and angiogenesis capacities(all P&#x003C;0.01). METTL3 mRNA level was significantly unregulated in the 12.5μg/mL ox-LDL group(P&#x003C;0.05). In comparison to the DMSO group, the addition of STM2457 caused significant decrease in m6A methylation level(P&#x003C;0.05), expression of VEGF and other angiogenesis-related markers(all P&#x003C;0.05), cell migration and angiogenesis capacities(all P&#x003C;0.01)and the expression of NICD(P&#x003C;0.05). However, there were no significant differences in METTL3 protein and mRNA levels(all P&#x003E;0.05). The expression of VEGF and NICD(all P&#x003C;0.05), as well as the ability of cell migration and angiogenesis of RF/6A, was all significantly decreased in the DAPT group compared to the DMSO group(all P&#x003C;0.01).CONCLUSION: METTL3-mediated m6A methylation modification promotes angiogenesis in vascular endothelial cells via the Notch signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularization.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1250-1259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978614

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the role and mechanism of N6-methyladenosine(m6A)methyltransferase 3(METTL3)in the pathogenesis of diabetic cataract.METHODS: We cultured SRA01/04 cells in low and high sugar media for 24h and measured changes in epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT)indicators(E-Cadherin, N-Cadherin, ZO-1 and α-SMA)using RT-qPCR and Western blot assays. Cell migration was also assessed using transwell and scratch assays. To investigate the expression level and localization of METTL3 in human lens anterior capsules tissues. Additionally, we used m6A dot blot assay to detect the m6A methylation level of cells cultured in low and high glucose media for 24h, and employed RT-qPCR and Western blot experiments to detect RNA and protein expression of METTL3 in cells. We then treated the cells with METTL3 inhibitor and measured changes in EMT markers by RT-qPCR and Western blot; m6A methylation level was detected by m6A dot blot test; cell migration was detected by Transwell. Finally, the expression of transforming growth factor-β(TGFβ1)in cultured cells was assessed by immunofluorescence staining and the expression levels of TGFβ1 and SNAIL in cells were determined using RT-qPCR and Western blot.RESULTS: Under high glucose conditions, the expression of EMT markers, METTL3, and m6A methylation levels were significantly increased in cells(P&#x003C;0.05). Furthermore, the migratory ability of cells was higher in high-sugar medium than in low-sugar medium. In human lens anterior capsules, METTL3 expression was higher in patients with diabetic cataract compared to those with age-related cataract. Importantly, treatment with the METTL3 inhibitor STM2457 inhibited EMT in cells, the expression of TGFβ1 and SNAIL, as well as m6A methylation levels in cells(all P&#x003C;0.05)compared to high-sugar + dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO)group. Moreover, the migratory capacity of cells was reduced after the addition of STM2457 compared to the high-sugar + DMSO group.CONCLUSION:METTL3 promotes the EMT in human lens epithelial cells under high glucose conditions by activating the TGFβ1/SNAIL pathway, thus contributing to the development of diabetic cataracts.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3039-3045, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981434

ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the role of slient mating-type information regulation 2 homolog 1(SIRT1)/tuberous sclerosis complex 2(TSC2)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling pathways in the Periplaneta americana extract CⅡ-3-induced senescence of human leukemia K562 cells. K562 cells were cultured in vitro and treated with 0(control), 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μg·mL~(-1) of P. americana extract CⅡ-3. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8) and flow cytometry were employed to examine the proliferation and cell cycle of the K562 cells. Senescence-associated β-galactosidase stain kit(SA-β-gal) was used to detect the positive rate of senescent cells. Mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by flow cytometry. The relative mRNA level of telomerase reverse transcriptase(TERT) was determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The mRNA and protein levels of SIRT1, TSC2, and mTOR were determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively. The results showed that CⅡ-3 significantly inhibited the proliferation of K562 cells and the treatment with 80 μg·mL~(-1) CⅡ-3 for 72 h had the highest inhibition rate. Therefore, 80 μg·mL~(-1) CⅡ-3 treatment for 72 h was selected as the standard for subsequent experiments. Compared with the control group, CⅡ-3 increased the proportion of cells arrested in G_0/G_1 phase, decreased the proportion of cells in S phase, increased the positive rate of SA-β-Gal staining, elevated the mitochondrial membrane potential and down-regulated the mRNA expression of TERT. Furthermore, the mRNA expression of SIRT1 and TSC2 was down-regulated, while the mRNA expression of mTOR was up-regulated. The protein expression of SIRT1 and p-TSC2 was down-regulated, while the protein expression of p-mTOR was up-regulated. The results indicated that P. americana extract CⅡ-3 induced the senescence of K562 cells via the SIRT1/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Periplaneta , Sirtuin 1/genetics , K562 Cells , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Mammals
7.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 35-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933608

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effectiveness and safety of Morinidazole combined laparoscopic appendectomy for acute purulent appendicitis and acute gangrene appendicitis.Methods:We retrospectively retrieved 387 acute appendicitis patients who have received surgery or conservative treatment from Jan 2017 to Jun 2019. Firty four patients with Morinidazole + Etimicin bigeminy combined laparoscopic surgery were set to experimental group. The other 54 cases using ornidazole + levofloxacin bigeminy combined laparoscopic appendectomy were enrolled into control group after Propensity Score Matching.Results:After 1∶1 propensity score matching, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups and control group in clinical features. The white blood cell count, C-reactive protein and calcitonin original inflammation index change were higher in experimental group than in the control group,both preoperatived and on post-op day1 and day 3 (all P<0.05). In the experimental group the length of hospital stay and analgesic drug usetime were shorter than in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Morinidazole combined laparoscopic appendectomy can effectively control the intra-abdominal infection caused by acute purulent appendicitis and acute gangrene appendicitis with less adverse reactions.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 466-469, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of teaching quality in standardized training of psychiatry specialists, and to provide evidence for improving the training quality.Methods:Both qualitative and quantitative methods were combined in the study. First, information was collected by stratified random sampling and individual interviews, and NVivo 11.0 was used in coding the information and reducing the information to the main concepts. Then, the qualitative research results were compiled into a questionnaire Investigation on Influencing Factors of Standardized Training of Specialists to investigate and analyze all previous specialized training doctors and teaching teachers. SPSS 23.0 was used to perform Mann-Whitney U test. Results:①The teaching abilities of teachers, the attitudes on study and work of the specialists, the teaching initiative of teachers were found to be the important influencing factors of teaching quality. The recognition degree of the specialists was 89.5%, 57.9% and 55.3%, while that of the teachers was 68.4%, 66.7% and 52.6%. ②The teachers' attitudes, the busy degree of the teachers' work and policy orientation were found to be the important influencing factors of teaching initiative. The recognition degree of the specialists was 68.4%, 57.9% and 47.7%, while that of the teachers was 68.4%, 59.6% and 47.4%. ③The mentors' reserve of professional knowledge and skills, the reserve of educational knowledge and skills and the study and exploration in education were found to be the important influencing factors of teaching ability. The recognition degree of the specialists was 89.5%, 81.6% and 57.9%, while that of the teachers was 82.5%, 82.5% and 68.4%.Conclusion:The early cultivation of teaching attitude should be emphasized; the workload of the teachers should be distributed reasonably; the training on both the teaching ability and professional ability should be paid attention to.

9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 329-337, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939891

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study evaluated the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment on postoperative pain in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease, and explored the relationship between the postoperative analgesic effect of acupuncture and the sensation of acupuncture experienced by the patients.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study analyzed the medical records of 97 patients who had undergone an operation by the same surgeon due to degenerative lumbar disease. These patients were divided into acupuncture group (n = 32), patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) group (n = 27), and oral analgesia group (n = 38) according to the different postoperative analgesic methods. During their hospitalization, patients completed daily evaluations of their pain using a visual analogue scale (VAS), and injection times of supplemental meperidine were recorded. Also, the Chinese version of the Massachusetts General Hospital Acupuncture Sensation Scale (C-MASS) was used in the acupuncture group.@*RESULTS@#Each of the three treatment groups showed significant reductions in postoperative pain, as shown by reduced VAS scores. The acupuncture group, however, had less rebound pain (P < 0.05) than the other two groups. Both the acupuncture and PCA groups experienced acute analgesic effects that were superior to those in the oral analgesia group. In addition, the higher the C-MASS index on the second day after surgery, the lower the VAS score on the fourth day after surgery. There was also a significant difference in the "dull pain" in the acupuncture sensation.@*CONCLUSION@#The results demonstrated that acupuncture was beneficial for postoperative pain and discomfort after simple surgery for degenerative spinal disease. It is worth noting that there was a disproportionate relevance between the patient's acupuncture sensation and the improvement of pain VAS score.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesia/methods , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Consensus , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sensation
10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 410-418, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the neuroprotective effect and the underlying mechanisms of a mixture of the main components of Panax notoginseng saponins (TSPN) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) of cultured cortical neurons.@*METHODS@#The neuroprotective effect of TSPN was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry and live/dead cell assays. The morphology of dendrites was detected by immunofluorescence. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was developed in rats as a model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. The neuroprotective effect of TSPN was evaluated by neurological scoring, tail suspension test, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) and Nissl stainings. Western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were used to measure the changes in the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#MTT showed that TSPN (50, 25 and 12.5 µ g/mL) protected cortical neurons after OGD/R treatment (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Flow cytometry and live/dead cell assays indicated that 25 µ g/mL TSPN decreased neuronal apoptosis (P<0.05), and immunofluorescence showed that 25 µ g/mL TSPN restored the dendritic morphology of damaged neurons (P<0.05). Moreover, 12.5 µ g/mL TSPN downregulated the expression of Beclin-1, Cleaved-caspase 3 and LC3B-II/LC3B-I, and upregulated the levels of phosphorylated (p)-Akt and p-mTOR (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In the MCAO model, 50 µ g/mL TSPN improved defective neurological behavior and reduced infarct volume (P<0.05). Moreover, the expression of Beclin-1 and LC3B in cerebral ischemic penumbra was downregulated after 50 µ g/mL TSPN treatment, whereas the p-mTOR level was upregulated (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#TSPN promoted neuronal survival and protected dendrite integrity after OGD/R and had a potential therapeutic effect by alleviating neurological deficits and reversing neuronal loss. TSPN promoted p-mTOR and inhibited Beclin-1 to alleviate ischemic damage, which may be the mechanism that underlies the neuroprotective activity of TSPN.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Beclin-1 , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Glucose , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/drug therapy , Mammals/metabolism , Neuroprotection , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Oxygen , Panax notoginseng , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Saponins/therapeutic use , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
11.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 401-414, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914309

ABSTRACT

Ischaemic stroke is a common condition leading to human disability and death. Previous studies have shown that oleanolic acid (OA) ameliorates oxidative injury and cerebral ischaemic damage, and miR-186-5p is verified to be elevated in serum from ischaemic stroke patients. Herein, we investigated whether OA regulates miR-186-5p expression to control neuroglobin (Ngb) levels, thereby inhibiting neuronal pyroptosis in ischaemic stroke. Three concentrations of OA (0.5, 2, or 8 μM) were added to primary hippocampal neurons subjected to oxygen–glucose deprivation/ reperfusion (OGD/R), a cell model of ischaemic stroke. We found that OA treatment markedly inhibited pyroptosis. qRT–PCR and western blot revealed that OA suppressed the expression of pyroptosis-associated genes. Furthermore, OA inhibited LDH and proinflammatory cytokine release. In addition, miR-186-5p was downregulated while Ngb was upregulated in OA-treated OGD/R neurons. MiR-186-5p knockdown repressed OGD/R-induced pyroptosis and suppressed LDH and inflammatory cytokine release. In addition, a dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-186-5p directly targeted Ngb. OA reduced miR-186-5p to regulate Ngb levels, thereby inhibiting pyroptosis in both OGD/R-treated neurons and MCAO mice. In conclusion, OA alleviates pyroptosis in vivo and in vitro by downregulating miR-186-5p and upregulating Ngb expression, which provides a novel theoretical basis illustrating that OA can be considered a drug for ischaemic stroke.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 193-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909342

ABSTRACT

Alanyl-glutamine dipeptide is an important component in parenteral nutrition, which can be decomposed into alanine and L-glutamine in vivo. It plays multiple functions including maintaining intestinal barrier, improving immunity, promoting protein synthesis, and regulating the production and release of inflammatory mediators. Substantial clinical evidences have demonstrated its favorable effectiveness and safety. Rational application of alanyl-glutamine dipeptide can reduce postoperative complications, shorten hospital stay and save medical costs. There are still controversies at home and abroad on the applicable population and dosage of alanyl-glutamine dipeptide. Chinese Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition organized China's experts of related disciplines to compile international standards in accordance with the latest guidelines and consensus, so as to achieve the goal of standardized application and patient benefits.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 56-65, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906050

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of Xintongtai (XTT) on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score and collagen fibers in vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) of rabbits with atherosclerosis in the regulation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK)/activator protien-1 (AP-1)signaling pathway. Method:A total of 120 rabbits of SPF grade were randomly divided into the sham operation group, combined phlegm and blood stasis model group, rosuvastatin group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose XTT groups. The rabbit model of atherosclerosis due to combined phlegm and blood stasis was established by exposing them to high-fat diet and balloon injury. Following modeling, the corresponding drugs were administered by gavage for eight weeks (2.3, 4.6, 9.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> for low-, middle-, and high-dose XTT groups and 0.55 mg·kg<sup>-1 </sup>for rosuvastatin group). At the end of medication, the abdominal aorta was isolated and stained with htoxylin-eosin (HE) for observing the vulnerable plaque. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). The collagen fiber decomposition in VSMCs was observed after Masson staining. The protein expression levels of p38 MAPK and AP-1 in aorta was assayed by Western blotting. The combined phlegm and blood stasis syndrome was scored based on TCM syndrome scoring scale. Result:Compared with the model group, XTT at each dose and rosuvastatin significantly decreased MMP-9 content, increased TIMP-1, down-regulated p38 MAPK protein expression, and weakened the nuclear translocation of AP-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the low-dose XTT group, the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group exhibited obviously lowered MMP-9,elevated TIMP-1, down-regulated p38 MAPK protein expression, and diminished AP-1 nuclear translocation (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The TCM syndrome scores of the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group were significantly improved as compared with that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the low-dose XTT group revealed a remarkable improvement in TCM syndrome score of the middle- and high-dose XTT groups and rosuvastatin group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). As demonstrated by Masson staining, the smooth muscle fibers in the model group were arranged in disorder, accompanied by enhanced collagen decomposition, thinned fibrous cap, and increased plaque vulnerability. Compared with the model group, the VSMCs in each XTT group and rosuvastatin group were orderly arranged, manifested as decreased collagen fiber decomposition and increased plaque stability. Conclusion:XTT down-regulates the expression of p38 MAPK and MMP-9, increases the level of TIMP-1, reduces the nuclear translocation of AP-1, diminishes the decomposition of collagen fibers in VSMCs, and improves the score of combined phlegm and blood stasis syndrome. XTT alleviates arteriosclerosis due to combined phlegm and blood stasis by regulating p38 MAPK/AP-1 signaling pathway and downstream cytokines and stabilizing vulnerable plaques.

14.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 827-833, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015421

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide references by analyzing the history, hotspot, and trend of the research in body donation. Methods CiteSpace software was used to conduct a co-occurrence network analysis. Totally 196 articles in CNKI database and 114 articles in Web of Science Core Collection Database were included. Results The number of articles in China increased in recent years. "Political and legal organizations" and "medical schools and departments" were main research institutions. "Death", "donation attitude", "ethics", and "humanity educations" were new emerging research directions in recent years. National studies of body donation were mainly conducted by USA and New Zealand, while most institutions were universities. High frequency keywords were "dissection", "cadaver", "anatomy" Conclusion Research in body donation in China shows a trend of increasing depth and diversity, while most research still lacks innovation and cooperation compared to national studies, especially studies in legislation and human ethics of body donation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 467-470, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method in pediatric nursing teaching.Methods:A total of 108 nursing students interned in our hospital in 2019 were selected and randomly divided into two groups, among which, 54 nurses who accepted the traditional teaching method were taken as the control group, and 54 ones who adopted Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method were taken as the research group. The scores of theory and operation skills of the two groups were evaluated before and after teaching, at the same time, the comprehensive ability was assessed and the satisfaction survey was conducted among the students after the teaching. SPSS 20.0 was used for data processing, the scores of theory and operation skills comprehensive ability and nursing students' satisfaction with teaching were described with ( ± s) and t test was performed. Results:After the teaching, the theoretical knowledge and operational skills scores of the two groups were significantly improved than those before the teaching ( P<0.05), and those of all students in the research group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The scores of ability to integrate theory with practice, self-learning ability, communication ability, teamwork ability, independent thinking and problem solving ability, clinical thinking ability in the research group were higher than those in the control group, with statistical differences ( P<0.05). And students in research group had significantly higher overall satisfaction scores on the teaching than those in control group had ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Application of Roy adaptation model combined situational teaching method in pediatric practice teaching can improve the theoretical knowledge and operational level of nursing students, enhance their communication ability and other abilities, and help to improve their satisfaction with teaching.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-183, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873332

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the forming process of the gynandrium-like in Amomum villosum. Method::The flowerets were divided into 8 growth periods from 0.5 cm in length to the day after flowering. Fresh sample were anatomized, and paraffin sectioning was performed on the flowerets. The height of anther chamber, the pollen sac angles, the width of anther gap, the diameter of style, the filament-labellum angle (α), and the filament-anther angle (β) were determined. Result::The angle of the pollen sac had no obvious change before flowering, but decreased from 32° to 17° after flowering. The width of anther gap increased to 0.29 mm in the 5th growth period, while the diameter of style was 0.32 mm in the same period, the ratio of them was 92%. Compared with the day before flowering, the angle α decreased from 83° to 42° during flowering, and the angle β decreased from 186° to 147°. In the filament, the abaxial side had 1 to 5 layers of cells more than the adaxial side. In the style, it was found that the adaxial side had 1 to 6 layers of cells more than the abaxial side. Conclusion::The asymmetry of the cell structure at abaxial and adaxial sides of the filament and style is the basis of the movement. In the 5th growth period, the width of anther gap increased almost to the size of style, so the style was able to slide in. When blossoming, the pollen sacs quickly squeezed to the gap in middle, and the entrance for style to access was blocked. Therefore, the style had to remain in the gap of the pollen sacs. Meanwhile, angles α and β drastically decreased, resulting in the stamen sandwiched the pistil and bending together toward the labellum. The gynandrium-like structure was formed.

17.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3797-3801, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846310

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method for determination of quercetin-3-O-gentiobioside, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin, and 5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone in Abelmoschus esculentus from 12 different regions of China. Methods: COSMOSIL column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5.4 μm) was used. The gradient elution was carried out with acetonitrile and 0.2% phosphoric acid aqueous solution. The detection wavelength was 353 nm and the flow rate was 1 mL/min. Results: The contents of quercetin-3-O-gentiobioside, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin and 5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone had good linear relationship in the ranges of 15.72- 251.50 μg/mL (r = 0.999 5), 15.47-247.50 μg/mL (r = 0.999 6), 14.41-230.50 μg/mL (r = 0.999 5), 21.88-350.00 μg/mL (r = 0.999 7), and 17.25-276.00 μg/mL (r = 0.999 1). The average sample recovery rate was 97.46%, 96.74%, 100.21%, 95.66%, 98.35%, and RSD was 1.97%, 1.37%, 1.86%, 2.72%, 2.23%, respectively. Conclusion: This method is simple and accurate. It is suitable for simultaneous determination of quercetin-3-O-gentiobioside, quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin and 5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavone. The content of the five flavones can be used as one of the methods for evaluating the quality of A. esculentus.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2993-3000, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828024

ABSTRACT

To scientifically evaluate the intervention effect of Chinese medicine preventive administration(combined use of Huo-xiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) on community population in the case of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), a large cohort, prospective, randomized, and parallel-controlled clinical study was conducted. Total 22 065 subjects were included and randomly divided into 2 groups. The non-intervention group was given health guidance only, while the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) intervention group was given two coordinated TCM in addition to health guidance. The medical instructions were as follows. Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid: oral before meals, 10 mL/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days. Jinhao Jiere Granules: dissolve in boiling water and take after meals, 8 g/time, 2 times/day, a course of 5 days, followed up for 14 days, respectively. The study found that with the intake of medication, the incidence rate of TCM intervention group was basically maintained at a low and continuous stable level(0.01%-0.02%), while the non-intervention group showed an overall trend of continuous growth(0.02%-0.18%) from 3 to 14 days. No suspected or confirmed COVID-19 case occurred in either group. There were 2 cases of colds in the TCM intervention group and 26 cases in the non-intervention group. The incidence of colds in the TCM intervention group was significantly lower(P<0.05) than that in the non-intervention group. In the population of 16-60 years old, the incidence rate of non-intervention and intervention groups were 0.01% and 0.25%, respectively. The difference of colds incidence between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). In the population older than 60 years old, they were 0.04% and 0.21%, respectively. The incidence of colds in the non-intervention group was higher than that in the intervention group, but not reaching statistical difference. The protection rate of TCM for the whole population was 91.8%, especially for the population of age 16-60(95.0%). It was suggested that TCM intervention(combined use of Huoxiang Zhengqi Oral Liquid and Jinhao Jiere Granules) could effectively protect community residents against respiratory diseases, such as colds, which was worthy of promotion in the community. In addition, in terms of safety, the incidence of adverse events and adverse reactions in the TCM intervention group was relatively low, which was basically consistent with the drug instructions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Drug Therapy , Prospective Studies
19.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 575-580, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the patient-ventilator interaction of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) in patients with severe neurological diseases.Methods:A prospective study was conducted. Sixteen severe neurological patients with tracheotomy admitted to neurosurgery intensive care unit (NSICU) of Yijishan Hospital of the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from September 2019 to February 2020 were enrolled. According to the random number table method, they were treated with pressure support ventilation (PSV) mode followed by NAVA mode or NAVA mode followed by PSV mode mechanical ventilation. Each mode was ventilated for 24 hours. The number of auto-triggering, ineffective trigger, double trigger, inspiratory trigger delay, premature cycling, late cycling, and patient-ventilator asynchronous time (inspiratory trigger delay time, premature cycling time, and late cycling time) within 1 minute were recorded every 8 hours for 3 minutes. The average number of asynchronies per minute, asynchrony index (AI), total AI, asynchrony time, arterial blood gas analysis, and coefficient variation (CV%) of respiratory mechanics parameters of each asynchrony type between the two modes were compared.Results:There were significant decrease in the number or AI of auto-triggering, ineffective trigger, inspiratory trigger delay, premature cycling, and late cycling with NAVA mode ventilation compared with PSV mode ventilation [auto-triggering times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.58), auto-triggering AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.02), ineffective trigger times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.33) vs. 1.00 (0.33, 2.17), ineffective trigger AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.02) vs. 0.05 (0.02, 0.09), inspiratory trigger delay times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.58) vs. 0.67 (0.33, 1.58), inspiratory trigger delay AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.02) vs. 0.05 (0.02, 0.09), premature cycling times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.33) vs. 0.33 (0.08, 1.00), premature cycling AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.01) vs. 0.02 (0.00, 0.05), late cycling times (times/min): 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 1.17 (0.00, 4.83), late cycling AI: 0.00 (0.00, 0.00) vs. 0.07 (0.00, 0.25), all P < 0.05]. But there was significant increase in the number or AI of double trigger with NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [times (times/min): 1.00 (0.33, 2.00) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.00), AI: 0.04 (0.02, 0.11) vs. 0.00 (0.00, 0.00), both P < 0.05]. Total AI and incidence of total AI > 0.1 showed significant decrease during NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [total AI: 0.08 (0.04, 0.14) vs. 0.22 (0.18, 0.46), incidence of total AI > 0.1: 37.50% (6/16) vs. 93.75% (15/16), both P < 0.01]. There was no significant difference in asynchronous time or arterial blood gas analysis between the two modes. There were significant increases in variances of peak airway pressure (Ppeak) and expiratory tidal volume (VTe) during NAVA mode ventilation as compared with PSV mode ventilation [Ppeak coefficient of variation (CV%): 11.25 (7.12, 15.17)% vs. 0.00 (0.00, 2.82)%, VTe CV%: (8.93±5.53)% vs. (4.71±2.61)%, both P < 0.05]. Conclusions:Compared with PSV mode, NAVA mode can reduce the occurrence of patient-ventilator asynchronous events, reduce the AI and the occurrence of serious patient-ventilator asynchronous events, so as to improve the patient-ventilator interaction. NAVA and PSV modes can achieve the same gas exchange effect. At the same time, NAVA mode has potential advantages in avoiding insufficient or excessive ventilation support, diaphragm protection and prevention of ventilator-induced lung injury.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 114-119, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802108

ABSTRACT

Objective: To set up a callus induction system for Amomum villosum by tissue culture. Method: The rhizome buds of A. villosum and stem segments,root tip segments of sterile A. villosum plantles were used as explants and cultured in MS media with different concentrations of 6-BA,NAA and 2,4-D (the pH of each medi is about 5.8). A callus induction system was established to explore the effect of different explants and different medium on callus induction for A. villosum. Result:The findings showed that the rhizome buds and sterile plantlet stems and root tip segments of three different explants can be successfully induced into calli. The most suitable medium for callus induction from rhizome buds and sterile plantlet stems was MS with 6-BA (1.5 mg·L-1),2,4-D (1.0 mg·L-1) and NAA (0.5 mg·L-1) with the highest induction rates of 15% and 60% respectively. MS medium combined with 6-BA (2.0 mg·L-1),2,4-D (1.0 mg·L-1) and NAA (1.0 mg·L-1) was the most suitable proposal for inducing the callus from sterile root tip segments with the highest induction rate of 76%. Conclusion:Under certain culture conditions,rhizome buds,stem or root tip segments of sterile plantlet can be effectively induced into callus. The callus induction system of A. villosum is preliminarily established, and root tip segments of sterile plantlet are the optimal explant.

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