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Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1028-1037, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002415


Objective@#To evaluate the computed tomography (CT) features for diagnosing metastatic cervical lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and validate the CT-based risk stratification system suggested by the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS) guidelines. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 463 LNs from 399 patients with DTC who underwent preoperative CT staging and ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration were included. The following CT features for each LN were evaluated: absence of hilum, cystic changes, calcification, strong enhancement, and heterogeneous enhancement. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent CT features associated with metastatic LNs, and their diagnostic performances were evaluated. LNs were classified into probably benign, indeterminate, and suspicious categories according to the K-TIRADS and the modified LN classification proposed in our study. The diagnostic performance of both classification systems was compared using the exact McNemar and Kosinski tests. @*Results@#The absence of hilum (odds ratio [OR], 4.859; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.593–14.823; P = 0.005), strong enhancement (OR, 28.755; 95% CI, 12.719–65.007; P < 0.001), and cystic changes (OR, 46.157; 95% CI, 5.07–420.234; P = 0.001) were independently associated with metastatic LNs. All LNs showing calcification were diagnosed as metastases. Heterogeneous enhancement did not show a significant independent association with metastatic LNs. Strong enhancement, calcification, and cystic changes showed moderate to high specificity (70.1%–100%) and positive predictive value (PPV) (91.8%–100%). The absence of the hilum showed high sensitivity (97.8%) but low specificity (34.0%). The modified LN classification, which excluded heterogeneous enhancement from the K-TIRADS, demonstrated higher specificity (70.1% vs. 62.9%, P = 0.016) and PPV (92.5% vs. 90.9%, P = 0.011) than the K-TIRADS. @*Conclusion@#Excluding heterogeneous enhancement as a suspicious feature resulted in a higher specificity and PPV for diagnosing metastatic LNs than the K-TIRADS. Our research results may provide a basis for revising the LN classification in future guidelines.

Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 2026-2033, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918189


Objective@#The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic performances of digital tomosynthesis (DTS) and conventional radiography in detecting osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) using computed tomography (CT), as the reference standard and evaluate the diagnostic reproducibility of DTS. @*Materials and Methods@#Forty-five patients (24 male and 21 female; age range, 25–77 years) with clinically suspected ONFH underwent anteroposterior radiography, DTS, and CT. Two musculoskeletal radiologists independently evaluated the presence and type of ONFH. The diagnostic performance of radiography and DTS in detecting the presence of ONFH and determining the types of ONFH were evaluated. The interobserver and intraobserver reliabilities of each imaging modality were analyzed using Cohen’s kappa. @*Results@#DTS had higher sensitivity (89.4%–100% vs. 74.5%–76.6%) and specificity (97.3%–100% vs. 78.4%–83.8%) for ONFH detection than radiography. DTS showed higher performance than radiography in identifying the subtypes of ONFH with statistical significance in one reader (type 1, 100% vs. 30.8%, p = 0.004; type II, 97.1% vs. 73.5%, p = 0.008). The interobserver agreement was excellent for DTS and moderate for radiography (kappa of 0.86 vs. 0.57, respectively). The intraobserver agreement for DTS was higher than that of radiography (kappa of 0.96 vs. 0.69, respectively). @*Conclusion@#DTS showed higher diagnostic performance and reproducibility than radiography in detecting ONFH. DTS may be used as a first-line diagnostic modality instead of radiography for patients suspected of having ONFH.