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1.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 542-548, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Scutellarin is a primary active composition come from Erigeron breviscapus. It is well known that scutellarin has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant physiological functions. In this study, we detected the effects of scutellarin on hepatocyte cell apoptosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) rats.@*METHODS@#Sprague Dawley (SD) (6-8 weeks, 160-180 g) rats were randomly divided into six groups: control, model, scutellarin low-dose, medium-dose, high-dose treatment, and rosiglitazone positive groups; with 10 SD rats in each group (n = 10). The changes of biochemical factors in serum were detected by automatic biochemical instrument, the pathological changes of liver tissue were detected by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, the apoptosis of liver tissue and cells was detected by tissue staining and flow analyzer, and the expression of apoptosis-related factors were determined by qPCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry in liver tissues or cells.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that scutellarin decreased the levels of fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein and increased the levels of high-density lipoprotein. Meanwhile, scutellarin decreased the levels of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) and improved liver function. In addition, scutellarin suppressed the secretion of interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and reduced hepatocyte apoptosis. Furthermore, scutellarin inhibited the expression of cleaved Caspase-3, Bax, and cytochrome C (Cyt-C) and promoted the expression of Bcl-2.@*CONCLUSION@#Scutellarin can inhibit the apoptotic pathway, thereby relieving T2DM.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 289-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992601

ABSTRACT

Periarticular fracture of the shoulder is a common type of fractures in the elderly. Postoperative adverse events such as internal fixation failure, humeral head ischemic necrosis and upper limb dysfunction occur frequently, which seriously endangers the exercise and health of the elderly. Compared with the fracture with normal bone mass, the osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder is complicated with slow healing and poor rehabilitation, so the clinical management becomes more difficult. At present, there is no targeted guideline or consensus for this type of fracture in China. In such context, experts from Youth Osteoporosis Group of Chinese Orthopedic Association, Orthopedic Expert Committee of Geriatrics Branch of Chinese Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Osteoporosis Group of Youth Committee of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons and Osteoporosis Committee of Shanghai Association of Chinese Integrative Medicine developed the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder in the elderly ( version 2023). Nine recommendations were put forward from the aspects of diagnosis, treatment strategies and rehabilitation of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder, hoping to promote the standardized, systematic and personalized diagnosis and treatment concept and improve functional outcomes and quality of life in elderly patients with osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 851-856, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956871

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of irradiation on the expression of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in human peripheral blood serum by collecting peripheral blood of tumor patients before and after radiotherapy, so as to provide scientific basis for finding radiation biomarkers.Methods:A total of 63 tumor patients treated with radiotherapy from October 2021 to March 2022 were enrolled in this study. The relative expression levels of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in peripheral blood serum in these patients were detected using the real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) before and after radiotherapy. The differential changes in the expression levels of the two miRNAs in the peripheral blood serum of the patients before and after radiotherapy were compared, and their relationships with factors such as cancer types were analyzed.Results:The relative expression levels of miR-150-5p and miR-23a-3p in peripheral blood serum of the patients after radiotherapy were significantly lower than those before radiotherapy ( t = 4.97, Z = -2.77, P < 0.05). Among different cancer types, the relative expression level of miR-150-5p in the patients with breast cancer, esophageal cancer, or other digestive tract cancer decreased after radiotherapy ( t = 3.47, 2.47, 2.87, P < 0.05), and the relative expression level of miR-23a-3p in the patients with digestive tract cancer decreased after radiotherapy ( Z = -1.99, P < 0.05). The changes in the expression level of miR-150-5p before and after radiotherapy were not affected by gender, age, chemotherapy, and cancer type ( P > 0.05). By contrast, the changes in the expression level of miR-23a-3p before and after radiotherapy were significantly affected by gender, age, and chemotherapy ( t=2.04, -3.34, -2.29, P<0.05). Conclusions:The expression of miR-150-5p in the serum of tumor patients may be affected by radiotherapy, which has the potential to be used as a biological indicator of radiation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 886-891, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956746

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of 5.0 T ultra-high filed MRI system in assessing intracranial arteries segments and vessel branchers.Methods:This study was a prospective study. Totally 40 consecutive healthy volunteers were recruited from Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from September 1, 2021 to November 30, and all participants who underwent either 3.0 T or 5.0 T time-of-flight MR angiography (TOF-MRA) in random order were divided into 3.0 T MR group and 5.0 T MR group with 20 volunteers for each group. Image quality was assessed by Likert 5 scoring systems and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR),and score in visualization of intracranial arteries [middle cerebral artery (MCA) and its segments, anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and its segments, posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and its segments, lenticulostriate arteries (LA) and pontine artery (PA)] were assessed from 0 to 3 (≥2: good depiction of vessel segment). Quantitative indicators were compared between 2 groups using independent t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Results:Among the 40 subjects, there were 29 males and 11 females, aged 20-69 (50±12) years. SNR and CNR were both significantly higher in 5.0 T MR group than those in 3.0 T MR group (SNR: 187±9 vs 91±4, t=31.59, P<0.001; CNR: 156±7 vs 70±4, t=31.45, P<0.001), but there was no significant difference in subjective scores of image quality between the 5.0 T MR and 3.0 T MR groups [5.0 (4.0, 5.0), 5.0 (5.0, 5.0) points, respectively, Z=-1.23, P=0.218]. In the evaluation of cerebral arteries, the visualizations of the proximal and middle segments of MCA, ACA and PCA was better than those in the 3.0 T MR group, and there was no significant difference in the scores ( P>0.05), while the visualizations of proximal arteries in the 5.0 T MR group were significantly better than those in the 3.0 T MR group ( P<0.05). Furthermore, small vessel branches such as LA and PA in 5.0 T MR group were visualized better than those in 3.0 T MR group ( P<0.001). Conclusion:TOF-MRA by ultra-high filed 5.0-T provides an optimal choice in visualization of distal large arteries and small vessel branches, which could be useful for the diagnosis on cerebral vascular disease.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 430-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of geriatric acetabular fractures in western China.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on data of geriatric patients with acetabular fracture hospitalized in 4 grade A hospitals in western China from 2015 to 2020. The investigation content included gender, age, incidence rate, injury mechanism, combined injuries, comorbidities, fracture types and treatment plans.Results:A total of 299 geriatric patients with acetabular fractures were included, including 203 males and 96 females, aged 60-97 years [(68.6±7.6)years]. The mean age of the patients was increased from 67.5 years to 71.1 years. The incidence rate was increased from 36 cases per year to 64 cases per year. The injury mechanism was mainly traffic accidents (42.47%), followed by falls (30.44%). Thoracic injury was the most common type of combined injuries (39.81%). Hypertension was the main comorbidity (28.76%). The most common fracture type was anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture (31.32%). Of 299 patients, 210 received surgical treatment, with the surgery rate of 70.23%.Conclusions:Geriatric acetabular fracture is characterized by gradually increased age and incidence rate, traffic accidents as the main cause of injury, thoracic injury as the main combined injury, hypertension as the main comorbidity, anterior column posterior hemitransverse fracture as the main fracture type and surgery as the main treatment option.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 23-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932206

ABSTRACT

Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is one of the main complications in patients with traumatic fractures, and for severe patients, the DVT can even affect arterial blood supply, resulting in insufficient limb blood supply. If the thrombus breaks off, pulmonary embolism may occur, with a high mortality. The treatment and rehabilitation strategies of thrombosis in patients with lower extremity fractures have its particularity. DVT in traumatic fractures patients has attracted extensive attention and been largely studied, and the measures for prevention and treatment of DVT are constantly developing. In recent years, a series of thrombosis prevention and treatment guidelines have been updated at home and abroad, but there are still many doubts about the prevention and treatment of DVT in patients with different traumatic fractures. Accordingly, on the basis of summarizing the latest evidence-based medical evidence at home and abroad and the clinical experience of the majority of experts, the authors summarize the clinical treatment and prevention protocols for DVT in patients with traumatic fractures, and make this consensus on the examination and assessment, treatment, prevention and preventive measures for DVT in patients with different fractures so as to provide a practicable approach suitable for China ′s national conditions and improve the prognosis and the life quality of patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 915-921, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993027

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes of underground miners, in order to explore the influencing factors involved in chromosomal aberration levels of non-uranium metal mines.Methods:Totall 135 workers were recruited from an iron mine and a gold mine located in different cities of Henan province, where 69 workers worked aboveground and 66 miners worked underground in the metal mines. The radon concentration in the mines was measured by solid-state nuclear track detectors. Chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes from the subjects were detected using conventional analysis method, and the influence factors of chromosomal aberrations were analyzed.Results:Radon concentration was 30-2 943 Bq/m 3 in the aboveground workplace of the mines, and 62-28 314 Bq/m 3 in underground. The age of the underground group was obviously lower than that of the aboveground group( t=2.12, P<0.05), but the frequencies of dicentrics, translocation, acentric fragment, and total chromosome-type aberrations in the underground group were significantly higher than those in the aboveground group ( χ2=10.49, 16.74, 8.15, 29.50, P<0.01). Consistent results were obtained when only male workers were regarded as object of observation ( χ2=8.44, 11.63, 4.94, 20.81, P<0.05). The frequency of translocation ( χ2=8.44, P<0.05) was dependent on the length of service in the underground group. Poisson regression analysis indicated that the aboveground and undergroud grouping partly affected the levels of dicentrics, translocation, acentric fragment, and total chromosome-type aberrations (the underground group IRR=3.25, 2.69, 1.97, 2.18, P<0.05). Conclusions:The radon exposure in the underground workplace of the metal mines may be the main factor resulting in the increase of chromosome-type aberrations of miners. The occupational health and safety of the miners who may be exposed to high radon levels are worthy of great attention.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 738-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911272

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of preoperative interview with humanistic care in patients undergoing resection of tumor.Methods:Two hundred patients, aged 35-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-28 kg/m 2, of American Society Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, undergoing elective laparoscopic gastrointestinal tumor resection, were divided into 2 groups ( n=100 each) by a random number table method: conventional preoperative interview group (group C) and preoperative interview with humanistic care group (group H). Pre-interview anxiety was assessed using the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) at 1 day before the interview (T 0), and pre-interview heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were recorded, followed by a preoperative interview.Conventional preoperative interview was given in group C, and preoperative interview with humanistic care was given in group H. Anxiety was assessed again after interview (T 1) and HR and MAP were recorded at 24 h. Venous blood samples were collected for determination of plasma norepinephrine (NE) and cortisol (Cor) concentrations by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at T 0 and T 1. Results:Compared with group C, the MAP, HR and SAS scores were significantly decreased at T 1, the incidence and degree of anxiety and plasma NE and Cor concentrations were decreased at T 1, and the incidence of abnormalities of MAP, HR and plasma Cor concentrations were decreased in group H ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Preoperative interview with humanistic care can alleviate the post-interview anxiety and reduce the over-stress response in patients undergoing resection of tumor.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 742-745, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877142

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To demonstrate the effect of structured and autonomous sports activities on children s basic motor skills in a preset outdoor field for a certain time and frequency, and to provide a reference for improving children s development of basic motor skills.@*Methods@#Selected 141 typical developing children from 4 public kindergartens in Nanning, and randomly divided them into experimental group(71) and control group(70). The experimental group participated in physical activities for 10 weeks (3 times a week, 1 hour each time) in the preset outdoor field (each physical activity was composed of 30 minutes of autonomous physical activity and 30 minutes of structured physical activity), while the control group had no intervention of site preset and specially designed activities. Before and after the experiment, 9 basic motor skills (including 3 fine motor skills and 6 gross motor skills) were tested.@*Results@#There were significant differences in double hand throwing, single leg balance (left), single leg balance (right), swing bridge balance and beam walking before and after intervention in experimental group(t=7.82,4.25,9.69,-10.01,-28.28,P<0.05), but there was no statistical significance in the improvement of heel toe coordinated walking(t=-0.60,P>0.05). There was no significant improvement in coin throwing (right hand), coin throwing (left hand) and square stacking(t=0.91,1.03,0.42,P>0.05), while in the control group, except for the balance of swinging bridge(t=4.27,P<0.05) and heel and toe walking(t=3.96,P<0.05), the improvement of other basic motor skills was not statistically significant(t=1.21, 0.74, 0.31, 0.97,P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The quality of sports environment has a potential impact on the basic motor skills of preschool children. The basic motor skills of the pre-school children can be greatly improved by conducting structural and autonomous physical activities with a certain time and frequency.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 86-89, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine whether the neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio (NLR) a inflammatory factor can predict tumor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in locally advanced rectal cancer.Methods:Between 2014 and 2019, 205 locally advanced rectal cancer patients underwent CRT before curative surgery. After propensity score matching, 148 patients (74 matched pairs) were enrolled in this study. The hematological parameters were collected and their relationship with tumor response was investigated.Results:After propensity score matching, NLR before CRT in good response group were significantly lower than that in poor response group(2.2±1.0 vs. 2.4±1.2, Z=-2.465, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in all hematological characteristics between two groups after CRT. The cutoff values of pre-CRT NLR was 3.88 after receiver operating characteristic analysis(AUC=0.618, 95% CI: 0.528-0.708). Multivariate analysis model indicated that pre-CRT NLR≥3.88 was the predictor of poor tumor response ( OR=5.826, 95% CI: 1.299-26.132, P<0.05). Conclusion:The increased NLR before CRT can be regarded as a hematological factor for poor tumor response in locally advanced rectal cancer.

11.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e12-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893708

ABSTRACT

Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is an emerging swine enteric coronavirus that causes diarrhea in piglets. However, the biological characteristics of PDCoV are unclear. In this study, the hemagglutination (HA) abilities of two PDCoV strains (CH-01 and HNZK-04) were investigated. Our results showed that PDCoV has the ability to agglutinate rabbit erythrocytes after virion pretreatment with trypsin or neuraminidase. Additionally, the HA assay results showed a significant positive correlation with the infectious viral titer. Our results suggest that assessing the HA activity of PDCoV may be a useful diagnostic method for investigating and surveilling PDCoV infections.

12.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e12-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901412

ABSTRACT

Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is an emerging swine enteric coronavirus that causes diarrhea in piglets. However, the biological characteristics of PDCoV are unclear. In this study, the hemagglutination (HA) abilities of two PDCoV strains (CH-01 and HNZK-04) were investigated. Our results showed that PDCoV has the ability to agglutinate rabbit erythrocytes after virion pretreatment with trypsin or neuraminidase. Additionally, the HA assay results showed a significant positive correlation with the infectious viral titer. Our results suggest that assessing the HA activity of PDCoV may be a useful diagnostic method for investigating and surveilling PDCoV infections.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867725

ABSTRACT

TSCI have dyskinesia and sensory disturbance that can cause various life-threaten complications. The patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Based on the epidemiology of TSCI and domestic and foreign literatures as well as expert investigations, this expert consensus reviews the definition, injury classification, rehabilitation assessment, rehabilitation strategies and rehabilitation measures of TSCI so as to provide early standardized rehabilitation treatment methods for TSCI.

14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 177-182, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799571

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate short-term efficacy of laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilus lymphadenectomy and left epigastrium mesogastric excision for advanced proximal gastric cancer based on mesangial anatomy.@*Methods@#A case series study was carried out. Case inclusion criteria: (1) patient was confirmed as gastric adenocarcinoma by gastroscopic biopsy before operation; (2) locally advanced gastric cancer was confirmed by abdominal CT before operation; (3) no distant metastases such as liver, lung, and posterior peritoneal lymph nodes, and no tumor directly invading the pancreas, spleen, liver, and colon were verified by superficial lymph node ultrasound, chest and abdominal CT before operation;(4) total gastrectomy or proximal gastrectomy plus D2 lymphadenectomy were performed, and R0 resection was confirmed by postoperative pathology. Exclusion criteria: (1) intraperitoneal dissemination or distant metastasis was found during laparoscopic exploration; (2) No.10 lymph nodes were significantly enlarged or fused into clusters; (3) pathological diagnostic data were incomplete. According to above criteria, the clinicopathological data of 36 patients who underwent laparoscopic spleen-preserving No.10 lymphadenectomy and left epigastrium mesogastric excision based on interspace anatomy for advanced proximal gastric cancer in The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2017 to March 2018 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The intraoperative conditions, postoperative recovery and complications of patients were analyzed.@*Results@#In 36 patients, the mean age was (59.8±8.0) years, the mean BMI was (23.9±3.5) kg/m2, and 8 cases (22.2%) received preoperative chemotherapy. All the patients underwent successfully the laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilus lymphadenectomy and left epigastrium mesogastric excision. In the examination of postoperative resected specimens, it was found that the mesangial boundary of the upper and posterior part of the stomach was smooth, indicating the efficiency of complete mesangial resection. No case was converted to open operation. The mean time of lymph node dissection and mesangial resection was (34.2±11.4) minutes. The mean blood loss during operation was (44.8±21.3) ml. The mean number of lymph node dissection per patient was 45.6±17.6. The mean number of No. 11p+11d lymph node dissection was 3.1± 2.8 per patient, and 7 patients were pathologically positive with metastasis rate of 19.4% (7/36). The mean number of No.10 lymph node dissection was 2.9±2.5 per patient, and 2 patients were pathologically positive with metastasis rate of 5.6% (2/36). The time to postoperative flatus was (3.8±0.6) days, time to removal of nasogastric was (1.9±0.7) days, time to the first intake of fluid was (3.0±0.4) days, time to removal of drainage tube was (6.0±1.2) days. Postoperative mean hospital stay was (12.8±4.0) days. One case (2.7%) developed pulmonary embolism and 1 case (2.7%) developed gastroplegia after operation. The morbidity of postoperative complication was 5.6% (2/36). No operative site infection, postoperative bleeding and death within postoperative 30-day were observed. All the 36 patients were followed up and the median follow-up was 18 months (12-28 months). Seven patients died of tumor relapse and metastasis (3 cases died within postoperative 1 year) and another 1 case developed colonic cancer 17 months after operation.@*Conclusion@#Laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilus lymphadenectomy and left epigastrium mesogastric excision for advanced proximal gastric cancer based on mesangial anatomy is safe and feasible.

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16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 825-829, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of rosuvastatin on in-stent restenosis in middle-aged patients with acute coronary syndrome(ACS)after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Totally 400 middle-aged ACS patients underwent PCI were selected from Xuchang Central Hospital during Mar. 2016 to Apr. 2017, and then divided into control group and observation group according to random number table, with 200 patients in each group. Both groups were given conventional drugs for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease. Control group were given Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate tablets 75 mg, once a day+Aspirin enteric-coated tablets 100 mg, once a day+Atorvastatin calcium tablets 20 mg, once at bed time every day orally after PCI. Observation group was given Clopidogrel hydrogen sulfate tablets 75 mg, once a day+Aspirin enteric-coated tablets 100 mg, once a day+Rosuvastatin calcium tablets 10 mg, once at bed time every day orally after PCI. Both groups were treated for consecutive 12 months. The serum levels of TG, TC, LDL-C, hs-CRP and IL-35 were recorded in 2 groups before surgery, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery; in-stent minimum lumen diameter (MLD) was observed immediately after surgery and 12 months after surgery. The occurrence of in-stent restenosis, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and adverse drug reaction (ADR) were recorded. RESULTS: Totally 14 patients dropped out from control group and 18 from observation group, and 368 patients completed the study. Before surgery and immediately after surgery, there was no statistical significance in the serum levels of TG, TC, LDL-C, hs-CRP IL-35 or MLD (P>0.05). One day after surgery, the levels of hs-CRP were increased significantly in 2 groups, compared with before surgery (P<0.05). One, three, six and twelve months after surgery, the serum levels of TG, TC, LDL-C and hs-CRP were decreased significantly in 2 groups, while the levels of IL-35 were increased significantly, compared with before surgery; and the serum levels of TG and TC (1 and 3 months after surgery), LDL-C (3 and 6 months after surgery) and hs-CRP (1 month after surgery) in observation group were significantly lower than control group; the level of IL-35 in observation group (1 month after surgery) was significantly higher than control group (P<0.05). Twelve months after surgery, MLDs of 2 groups were decreased significantly, and observation group was significantly higher than control group (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the incidence of in-stent restenosis or the total incidence of MACE and ADR between 2 groups after surgery (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Rosuvastatin can effectively improve the levels of blood lipid and inflammatory factor in meddle-aged patients with ACS after PCI, and its effect is better than that of atorvastatin. The drug can delay in-stent restenosis after PCI in these patients, which is better than the effect of atorvastatin. At the same time, rosuvastatin can not increase the risk of MACE and ADR with good safety.

17.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 692-695, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805666

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the association of abnormal metabolic indexes and its clustering with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in childhood.@*Methods@#A convenient sampling method was used to conduct a cross-sectional survey from November 2017 to January 2018 in a primary school in Huantai County, Zibo City, Shandong Province. A total of 1 240 children who had complete data of questionnaires, physical examinations, and blood biochemical tests were included for analysis. Covariance analysis was used to analyze the association of the single abnormal metabolic indices and its clustering with cIMT. The multivariable linear regression model was used to quantify the relationship between the number of abnormal metabolic indices and cIMT.@*Results@#The age of 1 240 children was (8.9±1.5) years, and 657 boys accounted for 53.0%. The highest detection rate of abnormal metabolic indicators was found in abdominal obesity, accounting for 30.9% (203/657) of boys and 29.7% (173/583) girls respectively.The cIMT of boys and girls were (0.49±0.08) and (0.45±0.07) mm, respectively. After adjusting for sex, age, consumption of fruits, vegetables and carbonated drinks, sleep duration, screen time and physical activity, abdominal obesity, elevated blood pressure, total triglyceride and fasting glucose were associated with cIMT (all P values <0.001). Children with 0, 1, 2 and ≥3 abnormal metabolic indicators had cIMT values of (0.45±0.07), (0.48±0.08), (0.50±0.09) and (0.53±0.08) mm, respectively. That was, cIMT values increased with the number of abnormal metabolic indexes (Ptrend<0.001).@*Conclusion@#Abdominal obesity, elevated blood pressure, total triglyceride, fasting glucose and clustering of the above factors are associated with cIMT.

18.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 569-574, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756469

ABSTRACT

Objective The primary goal of this work is to discuss the molecular mechanism of multi-drug resistant Pseudomonas spp. resistance to carbapenam and aminoglycoside antibiotics. Methods From June 2012 to March 2013, six strains of P. aeruginosa and P. putida producing carbapenemasefrom 4 different district were collected. Species identification was performed using VITEK-2 compact system and by sequencing of 16S rDNA amplicons. Minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined by E-test method. Production of carbapenemase were detected by Carba NP method. Carbapenemase genes and aminoglycoside 16s rRNAmethylase genes were screened by PCR, and their subtypes combined with their immediate genetic context were worked out by assemble the sequence of overlapped PCR amplicons. SpeI-PFGE (Pulse field gel electrophoresis after SpeI enzyme digestion) were conducted to evaluate their clonal relatedness. S1-PFGE (Pulse field gel electrophoresis after S1 enzyme digestion) were conducted to conform the relatedness of plasmids they carried. Results Three multidrug resistant P. aeruginosa and three P. putida, were all positive for Carba NP test and conformed producing class B carbapenemase. PCR screening followed by sequencing confirmed carriage of blaIMP-45 and armA, which confer resistance to β-lactams (except aztreonam) and aminoglycosides. These two genes co-located in a Tn1548-associatedregion. SpeI-PFGE disclosed that these isolates were not clonal closely related to each other, except two P. aeruginosa isolates were clonal related. S1-PFGE results showed that these isolates all carried plasmids of large size (300-600 kb). Conclusions This study showed that Pseudomonas spp. isolates co-carried blaIMP-45 and armA were disseminated in clinical settings. Spread of these genes may attribute to horizontal gene transfer of related entities.

19.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1339-1342, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697777

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different levels of anesthesia on perioperative cerebral oxygen metabolism and postoperative cognitive function in the elderly patients. Methods One hundred elderly pa-tients receiving gastric cancer surgery were divided into two groups:group D(BIS value 30-39) and group L(BIS value 50-59). Blood samples were collected at T0,T1,T2,T3 and T4. Da-jvO2 and CERO2 were calculated at the same time.MMSE score was recorded at the time point of 1,3 and 7 d after operation.Results Compared with the T0,Da-jvO2 and CERO2 were both decreased in the two groups at T2-T4(P<0.05).Compared with the group L, the group D were decreased more obviously(P < 0.05). Compared with preoperative score,MMSE score was de-creased at the time point of 1,3d in the group L as well as 1d in the group D(P<0.05).Compared with the group L,group D was significantly increased at the time point of 1 and 3 d(P < 0.05). Conclusion BIS value was maintained at 30-39 can decrease perioperative cerebral oxygen metabolism and improve postoperative cognitive function in the elderly patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 844-847, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611058

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of OPRM1All8G and CYP3A4*18B genetic polymorphism and the interaction on postoperative analgesia with fentanyl in the patients undergoing radical resection of lung cancer.Methods One hundred and thirty-nine patients (native of Henan province),aged 40-64 yr,weighing 40-70 kg,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ,scheduled for elective radical resection of lung cancer under general anesthesia,were enrolled in this study.The polymorphic sites of the OPRM1All8G and CYP3A4*18B allele were analyzed by using polymerase chain reaction technique and ABI 3130 Genetic Analyzer.The patients were divided into wild homozygote group (group AA,group *1/*1),heterozygote group (group AG,group * 1/*18B) and mutation homozygote group (group GG,group *18B/*1SB) according to their genotypes.The patients were divided into 7 groups according to the interaction between the two genes:AA plus *1/*1 group (group Ⅰ),AA plus *1/*18B group (group Ⅱ),AG plus *1/*1 group (group Ⅲ),AG plus *1/*18B group (group Ⅳ),GG plus * 1/*1 group (group Ⅴ),GG plus *1/*18B group (group Ⅵ) and *18B/*18B group (group Ⅶ).Patientcontrolled intravenous analgesia with fentanyl was started at the end of surgery to maintain the visual analogue scale ≤ 3 points.The amount of fentanyl used within 24 and 48 h after surgery was recorded,and the occurrence of adverse reactions within 48 h after surgery was observed.Results The amount of fentanyl used within 24 and 48 h after surgery was significantly higher in group GG than in group AA (P<0.05).The amount of fentanyl used within 48 h after surgery was significantly lower in group *18B/*18B than in group *1/*1 (P<0.05).The amount of fentanyl used within 48 h after surgery was significantly higher in Ⅱ and Ⅳ groups than in group Ⅰ,in group Ⅲ than in group Ⅱ,in group Ⅴ than in Ⅰ-Ⅳ groups,and in group Ⅵ than in Ⅱ and Ⅳ groups,and was significantly lower in group Ⅶ than in Ⅰ-Ⅵ groups (P< 0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions within 48 h after surgery between groups (P>0.05).Conclusion OPRM1A1l8G and CYP3A4*18B genetic polymorphism and the interaction are the genetic factors contributing to individual variation in fentanyl pharmacodynamics in the patients undergoing radical resection of lung cancer.

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