Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 503-515, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977303


BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#In the Republic of Korea, “Healthy Restaurant for Sodium Reduction (HRSR)” project have been designated as one of the representative policies for sodium intake reduction. However, as of 2021, only 879 restaurants, less than 0.1% of all restaurants, had been designated. Therefore, to increase the participation of restaurants in this policy, it is necessary to examine the in-depth perception and experience of participants and non-participants in the HRSR.MATERIALS/METHODS: Two focus group discussions were conducted for HRSR project participants and non-participants. @*RESULTS@#A total of 260 semantic units were derived from the 2 groups. The units were further classified into 5 upper categories and 11 subcategories. All the study participants knew the importance of low sodium intake, but they had little information on HRSR project.Various attempts have been made to encourage low sodium practice in restaurants, and the participants reported that the amount of salt used in their restaurants currently is reduced compared to that used in the past. However, they were worried about customers’ complaints about the low sodium in their diet and the insignificant beneficent associated with the policy, which makes restaurant owners reluctant to participate in this policy. All the participants agreed on the urgent need for the improvement of public awareness of low-sodium diets and for substantive government support for HRSR. @*CONCLUSION@#This study concluded that strategies such as more active publicity for the practice of sodium reduction in restaurants, identification of approaches to dispel the perception that low-salt diet is not tasty, and development of plans to increase the sale of food in of HRSR, are needed.

Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 95-102, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834529


Background@#Pure mucinous carcinoma (PMC) is a rare type of breast cancer, estimated to represent 2% of invasive breast cancer. PMC is typically positive for estrogen receptors (ER) and progesterone receptors (PR) and negative for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). The clinicopathologic characteristics of HER2-positive PMC have not been investigated. @*Methods@#Pathology archives were searched for PMC diagnosed from January 1999 to April 2018. Clinicopathologic data and microscopic findings were reviewed and compared between HER2-positive PMC and HER2-negative PMC. We also analyzed the differences in disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival according to clinicopathologic parameters including HER2 status in overall PMC cases. @*Results@#There were 21 HER2-positive cases (4.8%) in 438 PMCs. The average tumor size of HER2-positive PMC was 32.21 mm (± 26.55). Lymph node metastasis was present in seven cases. Compared to HER2-negative PMC, HER2-positive PMC presented with a more advanced T category (p < .001), more frequent lymph node metastasis (p = .009), and a higher nuclear and histologic grade (p < .001). Microscopically, signet ring cells were frequently observed in HER2-positive PMC (p < .001), whereas a micropapillary pattern was more frequent in HER2-negative PMC (p = .012). HER2-positive PMC was more frequently negative for ER (33.3% vs. 1.2%) and PR (28.6% vs. 7.2%) than HER2-negative PMC and showed a high Ki-67 labeling index. During follow-up, distant metastasis and recurrence developed in three HER2-positive PMC patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that only HER2-positivity and lymph node status were significantly associated with DFS. @*Conclusions@#Our results suggest that HER2-positive PMC is a more aggressive subgroup of PMC. HER2 positivity should be considered for adequate management of PMC.

Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 336-340, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764258


Mucinous carcinoma (MC) is a rare subtype of breast cancer, which is composed of tumor cells floating in the abundant extracellular mucin. This form of cancer is usually estrogen receptor/progesterone receptor positive and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative. Here, we present a case of HER2-positive MC with an unusual signet ring cell differentiation. It is very rare that a breast tumor consists entirely of signet ring cells. The tumor showed pathologic complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab and pertuzumab. pCR of HER2-positive MC has rarely been described in literature. It is important to consider the biological heterogeneity of MCs for effective management.

Humans , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Cell Differentiation , Drug Therapy , Epidermal Growth Factor , Estrogens , Mucins , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Population Characteristics , ErbB Receptors , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab