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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978445

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect and mechanism of Zuojinwan (ZJW) in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC) through network pharmacology and experimental validation. MethodUsing network pharmacology and molecular docking, the active components and potential mechanism of ZJW in treating UC were preliminarily identified. Forty-eight male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a sulfasalazine group (300 mg·kg-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose ZJW groups (1.82, 3.64, 7.28 g·kg-1). The UC model was induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS), and oral administration of drugs began on the third day of modeling, lasting for 7 days. The general condition of mice was observed daily, and the disease activity index (DAI) was evaluated. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe histopathological changes in colon tissue. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-10 in mouse serum. The molecular mechanism was validated using Western blot. ResultNetwork pharmacology predicted that the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway might be a key pathway in the regulation of UC by ZJW. Molecular docking results showed good binding ability between the key components of ZJW and core targets. Animal experiment results showed that compared with the normal group, the model group had shortened colon length (P<0.01), increased DAI scores, spleen index, colon tissue pathology scores, and levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum (P<0.05, P<0.01), increased PI3K, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein (Bax) expression in colon tissue (P<0.05, P<0.01), and decreased serum IL-10 levels and colon tissue Bcl-2 protein expression (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the ZJW groups showed significant improvement in UC symptoms, relieved colon tissue pathological damage, downregulated levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in serum (P<0.01), inhibited expression of PI3K, p-Akt, and Bax proteins in colon tissue (P<0.05, P<0.01), and increased serum IL-10 levels and colon tissue Bcl-2 protein expression (P<0.01), with the high-dose group showing the best effect. ConclusionZJW effectively alleviates DSS-induced UC, and its mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and regulation of apoptosis-related protein expression.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-13, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976534

ABSTRACT

To investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Qingwen Baiduyin on acute lung injury (ALI) in mice induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MethodA total of 144 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the following groups: a normal group, a model group (LPS, 5 mg·kg-1), a dexamethasone group (5 mg·kg-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose Qingwen Baiduyin groups (14.105, 28.21, 56.42 g·kg-1). The mice were treated once daily for 5 days. One hour after the final administration, the ALI model was established by intratracheal instillation of LPS, and samples were collected at 6 h and 24 h after modeling. The arterial blood gas index of mice was analyzed. The total protein content, total cell count, Evans blue dye (EBD) content, and lung tissue wet-to-dry weight ratio (W/D) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to assess the pathological changes in mouse lung tissue. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of key proteins in the Janus kinase 1/signal transducer and activator of transcription 1/interferon regulatory factor 1 (JAK1/STAT1/IRF1) signaling pathway in lung tissue. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed reduced arterial oxygen pressure (pO2), oxygen saturation (SO2), and lung tissue W/D (P<0.05, P<0.01), increased carbon dioxide pressure (pCO2), total protein content, total cell count, EBD content, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), chemokine CXC ligand 1 (CXCL1), chemokine CXC ligand 2 (CXCL2), chemokine CXC ligand 9 (CXCL9), and chemokine CXC ligand 10 (CXCL10) content (P<0.05, P<0.01), thickening of the alveolar walls, fusion of alveolar cavities, and infiltration of inflammatory cells in lung tissue, increased proportion of M1 macrophage polarization and lung cell apoptosis (P<0.05), and increased protein expression levels of JAK1, phosphorylated JAK1 (p-JAK1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), STAT1, phosphorylated STAT1 (p-STAT1), IRF1, gasdermin D (GSDMD), and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Qingwen Baiduyin significantly increased pO2, SO2, and lung tissue W/D (P<0.05, P<0.01), improved the pathological changes in lung tissue, and reduced pCO2, total protein content, total cell count, EBD content, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-1β, CXCL1, CXCL2, CXCL9, and CXCL10 content, proportion of M1 macrophage polarization, and protein expression levels of JAK1, p-JAK1, iNOS, STAT1, p-STAT1, IRF1, GSDMD, and MLKL (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionQingwen Baiduyin can improve the lung inflammatory response and reduce lung cell apoptosis in mice with ALI by inhibiting the JAK1/STAT1/IRF1 signaling pathway, thereby exerting a lung-protective effect.

3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 614-617, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986828

ABSTRACT

In recent years, colonic manometry has been gradually introduced into clinical practice. It helps clinicians to gain a better understanding of the physiology and pathophysiology of colonic contractile activity in healthy adults and patients with colonic dysfunction. More and more patterns of colonic motility are being discovered with the help of colonic manometry. However, the clinical significance of these findings still needs to be further investigated. This review enhances our understanding of colonic motility and the current state of development and application of colonic manometry, as well as the limitations, future directions and potential of the technique in assessing the impact of treatment on colonic motility patterns, by analyzing and summarizing the literature related to colonic manometry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Gastrointestinal Motility/physiology , Colon/physiology , Colonic Diseases , Manometry/methods , Clinical Relevance , Constipation
4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 595-599, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of children with febrile seizures after Omicron variant infection.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of children with febrile seizures after Omicron variant infection who were admitted to the Department of Neurology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to the Capital Institute of Pediatrics, from December 1 to 31, 2022 (during the epidemic of Omicron variant; Omicron group), and the children with febrile seizures (without Omicron variant infection) who were admitted from December 1 to 31, in 2021 were included as the non-Omicron group. Clinical features were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 381 children in the Omicron group (250 boys and 131 girls), with a mean age of (3.2±2.4) years. There were 112 children in the non-Omicron group (72 boys and 40 girls), with a mean age of (3.5±1.8) years. The number of children in the Omicron group was 3.4 times that in the non-Omicron group. The proportion of children in two age groups, aged 1 to <2 years and 6-10.83 years, in the Omicron group was higher than that in the non-Omicron group, while the proportion of children in two age groups, aged 4 to <5 years and 5 to <6 years, was lower in the Omicron group than that in the non-Omicron group (P<0.05).The Omicron group had a significantly higher proportion of children with cluster seizures and status convulsion than the non-Omicron group (P<0.05). Among the children with recurrence of febrile seizures, the proportion of children aged 6-10.83 years in the Omicron group was higher than that in the non-Omicron group, while the proportion of children aged 3 years, 4 years, and 5 years in the Omicron group was lower than that in the non-Omicron group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with febrile seizures after Omicron variant infection tend to have a wider age range, with an increase in the proportion of children with cluster seizures and status convulsion during the course of fever.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Infant , Child, Preschool , Seizures, Febrile/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Seizures , Fever , Epidemics , Epilepsy, Generalized
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 407-412, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928728

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the influence of serum levels of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) on the therapeutic effect of high-dose cytarabine (HD-AraC) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#98 patients with AML treated in our hospital from January 2019 to June 2020 were selected as the research subjects, all patients were treated with HD-AraC for 1 course of treatment every week. The effect of 2 groups were evaluated during after one course of treatment and divided into effective group and ineffective group, statistical table of baseline data was designed, the baseline data of 2 groups were counted in detail, the baseline data and serum levels of TGF-β1 and EGFR of 2 groups were compared, Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between the levels of serum TGF-β1, EGFR and the therapeutic effect of HD-AraC in patients with AML, the value of serum TGF-β1 and EGFR levels in predicting the therapeutic effect of HD-AraC in AML patients was analyzed based on ROC curve and decision curve.@*RESULTS@#After 1 course of treatment, among the 98 patients, 26 cases had complete remission, 38 cases had partially remission and 34 cases no remission, the total effective rate was 65.31% (64/98); after comparing data of 2 groups, Logistic regression analysis showed that the overexpression of serum EGFR before treatment might be a risk factor for the ineffective treatment of HD-AraC in AML patients (OR>1, P<0.05), overexpression of serum TGF-β1 before treatment might be a protective factor for the ineffective treatment of HD-AraC in AML patients (OR<1, P<0.05); the ROC curve results showed that the AUC of serum EGFR and TGF-β1 before treatment in predicting the risk of ineffective HD-AraC treatment in AML patients were >0.70, which had certain predictive value. The decision curve results showed that in the threshold range of 0.15-044, the prediction model combined with serum EGFR and TGF-β1 levels in predicting the net benefit rate of HD-AraC treatment in AML patients was better than that of serum EGFR or serum TGF-β1 alone.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of serum TGF-β1 and EGFR affect the therapeutic effect of HD-AraC in patients with AML and increase the risk of ineffective treatment, serum TGF-β1 and EGFR can be used to predict the risk of ineffective HD-AraC treatment in AML patients, and the combined prediction of net benefit rate is higher.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , ErbB Receptors/blood , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Remission Induction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/blood
6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 422-425, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarise the clinical experience in replantation of the severed auricle distal to helix with microsurgical technique.Methods:From December 2018 to October 2021, a total of 5 patients with severed auricle injury were treated in the Department of Hand and Foot Surgery of The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. They were 4 males and 1 female with 23-62 years old. After complete debridement of the auricular pinna, the retrograde replantation method was used. For arteries: a dorsal vein of the foot was used to bridge the posterior auricular artery. For veins: 2 patients had the veins directly anastomosed, 2 had the arteriovenous bridging to the posterior ear vein with dorsal foot veins, and the veins in 1 case were not anastomosed. Among the patients, 2 developed venous occlusions after severed auricle, and were treated with bloodletting through small incision at the skin margin. Two patients who received the arteriovenous of the severed auriclse achieved good blood supply. All the patients underwent treatments including anti-freezing, anti-spasm and anti-infection after the emergency surgery. The follow-ups were conducted regularly by telephone and by display photos via WeChat after surgery.Results:All 5 severed auricles were successfully replanted and survived. Postoperative follow-up ranged from 3 months to 2 years, with an average of 10 months. In the 2 cases with venous crisis, the auricles had mild atrophy. All auricles had no obvious pigmentation, and had the sensation recovery back to normal in 1 year after surgery.Conclusion:The pre-judgment of blood vessel quality and high-quality microsurgery skills are the necessary pre-conditions for auricle replantation. For replantation of severed auricle, it is the key to prevent vascular crisis by having the injured blood vessels thoroughly removed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 418-421, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of gracilis musculocutaneous flap in repair of perineal soft defect with open pelvic fracture.Methods:From June 2009 to June 2019, 11 cases of open pelvic fracture associated with perineal injury were treated in the Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic of 521 Hospital of Norinco Group. There were 4 males and 7 females aged 16-56 (33 in average) years old. Cause of injuries: 6 cases by traffic accident, 4 by falling from height, and 1 by crushing. All the patients had open pelvic fractures. According to Tile classification, 1 case was rated as type A, 7 as type B and 3 as type C. All the patients were accompanied with perineal injury and soft tissue defect. The wound sizes ranged from 5 cm×5 cm to 8 cm×12 cm. The defects were repaired with gracilis musculocutaneous flap. The size of gracilis myocutaneous flaps was 6 cm×5 cm to 9 cm×13 cm. All donor areas of the flap were sutured directly. After surgery, 11 patients treated with strengthened nutritional support, keep supine position to avoid abduction, and appropriately raise the lower limbs. Follow-ups were conducted regularly after surgery.Results:All patients entered 6 to 30 (22 in average) months of follow-up. All of 11 myocutaneous flaps survived, besides 1 had a few necrosis at the distal surface of the myocutaneous flap, and healed after change of dressing. All the incisions at donor site had stage I healing. The colour, texture and flexibility of the gracilis myocutaneous flap were good. There was a scar at the donor sites without causing obvious dysfunction. Over the follow-up period, there was no failure of flap in either the recipient and donor sites. The patients were satisfied with the appearance and function.Conclusion:Gracilis musculocutaneous flap is one of the ideal methods in repair of perineal soft tissue defect with open pelvic fracture.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 266-270, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958364

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of free posterior tibial artery perforator flap in repair of forefoot soft tissue defect.Methods:From January 2017 to January 2021, a retrospective study was conducted on 13 patients with forefoot soft tissue defect, metatarsal head exposed, and forefoot transverse arch integrity, including 9 males and 4 females. The age was (40.0±13.0) years old. Cause of injury: 8 cases of traffic accident injury, 5 cases of heavy object smashing injury. Seven cases had forefoot skin defect and toe damage, and 6 cases had forefoot skin avulsion injury, open toe fracture with tendon, blood vessel and nerve injury. The wound area was 4.5 cm×3.0 cm-8.0 cm×6.0 cm. VSD treatment was performed in the first stage, and free posterior tibial artery perforator flap was used for the second stage. The flap area was 5.5 cm×4.0 cm-9.0 cm×7.0 cm. Outpatient reviews scheduled at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months after surgery, through outpatient clinic, telephone or WeChat. The flaps were evaluated according to appearance, texture, sensory recovery, and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hind foot function scoring system.Results:All 13 flaps survived. The follow-up lasted for 6 to 24 months. The feet were in good shape, walking with weight beries, and the flaps had satisfactory appearance without wear and tear. Five cases were S 3, 6 were S 2, and 2 were S 1. According to AOFAS ankle-hindfoot function score, 4 had excellent scores, 7 were in good, and 2 in fair. Conclusion:The free posterior tibial artery perforator flap has relatively constant perforators, and the pedicle of the middle and upper perforators is longer, and the flap can build part of the sensation. Posterior artery perforator flap is a good flat for repairing the soft tissue defects of the metatarsal head of the forefoot.

9.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 1021-1027, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986623

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effect of rapamycin(Rapa) on JAK2, ABCA3, and the immune checkpoint PD-1/PD-L1 in exosomes derived from JAK2 V617F positive HEL cells. Methods Human erythroleukemia HEL cells (JAK2 V617F mutation-positive) were cultured in vitro, and rapamycin was added at concentrations of 10, 50, and 100 nmol/L. The control group was established and cell proliferation inhibition rate was detected by CCK-8. Based on the inhibition rate of cell proliferation, cells intervened with 10 and 50 nmol/L Rapa were selected. Exosomes were extracted using a kit and identified by Western blot and flow cytometry. JAK2, ABCA3, and PD-1/PD-L1 mRNA changes in exosomes were detected by fluorescent quantitative PCR. The expression of exosome PD-1/PD-L1 protein was determined by flow cytometry. Results The exosomes extracted with the exosome kit all expressed characteristic CD9, CD63, and CD81 proteins, which were consistent with the general characteristics of exosomes. JAK2 mRNA can be detected in exosomes from HEL cells; Rapa reduced exosome production by HEL cells, and dose-dependently decreased gene expression of JAK2, ABCA3, and PD-L1 in exosomes. In addition, Rapa inhibited exosomal PD-L1 protein expression and had no significant effect on PD-1 protein expression. Conclusion HEL cells may transmit JAK2 mutant gene signals via exosomes. Rapa can reduce the production of exosomes and inhibits JAK2 mutated signals delivered by exosomes and suppresses PD-L1 protein expression.

10.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 207-212, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of hydrogen on the immunosuppressive status of septic rats.Methods:SPF healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 7-8 weeks, weighing 220-260 g, were studied.This study was performed in two parts.Part Ⅰ The rats were divided into 2 groups: sepsis group (Sep group, n=36) and sham operation group (Sham group, n=12). The model of sepsis was established by cecal ligation puncture in anesthetized rats.The histocompatibility DR antigen (HLA-DR)/CD14 + monocyte level in peripheral blood was detected by flow cytometry immediately after CLP and at 1, 2, 3 and 4 days after CLP.The establishment of sepsis-induced immunosuppression model was considered successful when the levels of HLA-DR/CD14 + monocyte in peripheral blood were <30%.Part Ⅱ Twelve rats with sepsis-induced immunosuppression were randomly selected and divided into 2 groups ( n=6 each) by a random number table method: sepsis immunosuppression group (Sep-IS group), sepsis immunosuppression plus hydrogen treatment group (Sep-IS+ H group). Another 12 rats were selected and divided into 2 groups ( n=6 each) by a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group) and sham operation plus hydrogen group (Sham+ H group). In Sep-IS+ H group, 67% hydrogen was inhaled for 1 h starting from the time point immediately after successful establishment of sepsis-induced immunosuppression and from 6 h after establishment, and 67% hydrogen was inhaled for 1 h at the corresponding time points in Sham+ H group.The levels of helper T lymphocytes 17 (Th17 cells), regulatory T lymphocytes (Treg cells) and HLA-DR/CD14 + monocyte in peripheral blood were determined by flow cytometry immediately after the end of hydrogen inhalation mentioned above (T 0, T 1) and at 12 h after establishing the model (T 2). Results:Part Ⅰ Compared with Sham group, the levels of HLA-DR/CD14 + monocyte in peripheral blood were significantly decreased at 1-4 days after CLP in Sep group ( P<0.05). Part Ⅱ Compared with Sham group, the level of HLA-DR/CD14 + monocytes in peripheral blood was significantly decreased, and the levels of Treg and Th17 cells were increased at each time point in Sep-IS and Sep-IS+ H groups ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in Sham+ H group ( P>0.05). Compared with Sep-IS group, the level of HLA-DR/CD14 + monocytes in peripheral blood was significantly increased at T 1, 2, the levels of Th17 cells were increased at T 2, and the levels of Treg cells were decreased at T 1, 2 in Sep-IS+ H group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Hydrogen can improve the immunosuppressive state of septic rats.

11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 416-421, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880090

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of CD73 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with NPM1 mutant and wild-type, and to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and prognosis of CD73 to the AML patients.@*METHODS@#160 patients with AML treated in our hospital from June 2015 to June 2019 were enrolled, and 40 non-AML bone marrow samples from healthy people were selected as controls during the same period. The expression of CD73 in healthy people, NPM1 mutation and NPM1 wild-type AML patients were compared, and the relationship between the expression of CD73 and its clinicopathological characteristics, as while as efficacy in AML patients were analyzed. The patients were followed up, and the influence of CD73 to the prognosis of different AML patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rate of CD73 in AML patients (23.75%) was significantly higher than that in the healthy control group (0.62%), and the positive expression rate of CD73 in AML patients with NPM1 mutation (74.75%) was significantly higher than that with NPM1 wild-type (25.51%) (both P<0.001). AML patients with CD73 positive expression was associated with age, FAB typing, disease risk classification, and NPM1 gene mutation (both P<0.05). The overall survival rate of AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation was 75.98%, which was significantly higher than the patients with NPM1 wild-type (34.68%)(P<0.001), the median survival time of AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation in the CD73@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of CD73 was increased in AML patients with NPM1 gene mutation, and CD73 showed different prognostic significance in AML patients with different NPM1 gene mutation. The combination of clinicopathologic features, CD73 expression and NPM1 gene in AML patients is helpful to determine their prognosis and guide the formulation of relevant treatment plans.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Prognosis , Survival Rate , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3529-3539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888004

ABSTRACT

Bufonis Venenum,the dried secretion of Bufo bufo gargarizans or B. melanostictus,is toxic and hard with the efficacy of removing toxicity for detumescence and relieving pain. The processing of Bufonis Venenum dates back to the Song dynasty. In addition to the wine-processing,milk-processing and talcum powder-processing,there were some other kinds of processing methods in ancient times,such as baking,calcining,water-soaking and vinegar-processing. Modern studies have shown that the Bufonis Venenum has the main chemical components of bufadienolides,indole alkaloids sterols,and other compounds. It has the pharmacological effects of antitumor,cardiac,antibacterial,and analgesic activities,local anesthesia,and so on. This paper reviews the processing evolution,chemical components and pharmacological effects of Bufonis Venenum,providing references for its special processing and modern research as well as the theoretical basis for the research on its processing mechanism and quality control.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bufanolides/pharmacology , Bufonidae , Quality Control
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1311-1331, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879034

ABSTRACT

Kudzu plants in the subfamily sphenoideae of Leguminosae are commonly used herbs in China, Japan, Korea, India and Thailand, with a long history of medicinal use. They are recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Japanese Pharmacopeia, Korea Pharmacopeia, Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia of India and Flora of Thailand. There are 15-20 species of Pueraria in the world, including 7 species and 2 varieties in China. At present, there are 6 species with medicinal value, such as Pueraria lobata and P. thomsonii. The main chemical components of the genus are isoflavones, flavonoids, terpenes, steroids, coumarins, puerarin glycosides and benzopyrans. A total of 240 compounds have been isolated and identified from this genus, and their pharmacological effects mainly include improvement of the cardiovascular system, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-alcoholic and estrogen-like effects. In this study, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Pueraria at home and abroad were systematically summarized, in order to provide references for the material basis, quality control and further development of Pueraria genus.


Subject(s)
China , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Japan , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Republic of Korea , Thailand
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 44-51, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906204

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the expression of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1<italic>α</italic> (HNF1<italic>α</italic>), proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLR) in hypercholesterolemia rat liver, and investigate the mechanism of Shuangyu Tiaozhi Decoction regulating cholesterol metabolism and attenuating hypercholesterolemia. Method:After providing a high-fat diet for 4 weeks, 40 SD rats were selected, 8 of which were randomly selected as normal group and fed a normal diet, and the remaining 32 rats were fed a high-fat diet. The rats successfully established as hypercholesterolemic model, were randomized into 4 groups: model group, low dose of Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction group (7.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), high dose of Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction group (15.6 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and simvastatin group (4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 8 rats in each group. The drugs were continuously given for 8 weeks. Serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured. The pathomorphological changes in liver were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The immunohistochemistry was used to detect PCSK9 and LDLR expression in liver. The mRNA and protein expression levels of HNF1<italic>α</italic>, PCSK9 and LDLR were determined by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:Compared with normal group, the TC, TG, LDL-C levels in model group were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the morphology showed obvious liver steatosis. The mRNA and protein expression of HNF1<italic>α</italic> and PCSK9 were increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the mRNA and protein expression of LDLR was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with model group, the serum TC, TG, LDL-C levels were significantly lowered in the Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction high-dose group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the serum TC, LDL-C levels were significantly lowered in the Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction low-dose group and simvastatin group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), while no significant effect was observed on the serum HDL-C levels in each treatment group. The liver steatosis decreased in each treatment group. The mRNA and protein expression of HNF1<italic>α</italic> was obviously decreased in each treatment group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), the mRNA and protein expression of PCSK9 was obviously decreased in Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction low and high-dose groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), the mRNA expression of PCSK9 was significantly increased in the simvastatin group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the protein expression showed a downward trend. The LDLR mRNA levels were significantly increased in each treatment group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the LDLR protein expression was significantly increased in Shuangyu Tiaozhi high-dose group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and showed an upward trend in Shuangyu Tiaozhi low-dose group and simvastatin group. Results of immunohistochemistry showed PCSK9 expression was weakly positive, the expression of LDLR was strongly positive in each treatment group. The therapeutic effect of Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction high-dose group was more remarkable than simvastatin group, while there was no obvious difference between the Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction low-dose group and simvastatin group. Conclusion:Shuangyu Tiaozhi decoction may reduce the blood lipid levels through HNF1<italic>α</italic>/PCSK9/LDLR signaling pathway, play an active role on regulating cholesterol metabolism and alleviating high-fat diet-induced hypercholesterolemia.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 47-55, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905831

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of Jianzhong Bushen Xiaozheng decoction in regulating the effect of miRNA139 on Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin signaling pathway for renal interstitial fibrosis. Method:The 120 mice were randomly divided into sham operation group, unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) group, Jianzhong Bushen Xiaozheng decoction low, middle, high dose group, and Niaoduqing group. The UUO animal model was established to observe the morphological changes in mice. Intragastic administration was started from day 3 after modeling. The sham operation group and UUO group received the same amount of distilled water every day. The low, medium and high-dose groups received Jianzhong Bushen Xiaozheng decoction solution at 6,12,24 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> respectively. The Niaoduqing group received 6.2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup> Niaoduqing granule solution. After 14 d and 21 d, 28 d , the morphological changes, general signs and renal interstitial fibrosis index of the obstructed side were observed, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and Masson staining were used to observe the pathological changes of renal tissue. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) method was used to detect the miRNA-139 expression in renal tissue volume, Western blot was used to detect expression of beta serial proteins (<italic>β</italic>-catenin) and fibrinolytic enzyme activators inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in renal tissues, and immunohistochemical assay was used for detection of matrix metalloproteinases-7 (MMP-7) protein expression at the obstruction side. Result:After 14, 21 and 28 days, the expression levels of <italic>β</italic>-catenin and PAI-1 in UUO group were higher than those in sham operation group(<italic>P</italic><0.05),while the expression levels of miRNA139 and MMP-7 protein were lower than those of sham operation group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The expression levels of <italic>β</italic>-catenin and PAI-1 proteins in mice after treatment in Niaoduqing group and the traditional Chinese medicine groups were lower than those in the UUO group(<italic>P</italic><0.05), the expression of miRNA139 and MMP-7 proteins increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the efficacy of high-dose Jianzhong Bushen Xiaozheng decoction group was better than that of other dosage groups or Niaoduqing group(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Jianzhong Bushen Xiaozheng decoction may regulate miRNA139 to mediate the process of renal interstitial fibrosis through the Wnt/ <italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway and delay the development of renal interstitial fibrosis to improve renal function.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 835-841, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934126

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the results of high-resolution colonic manometry (HRCM) in patients with four subtypes of constipation: slow transit constipation(STC), outlet obstruction constipation (OOC), mixed STC and OOC, and normal transit constipation(NTC), and to explore the intestinal motility characteristics of patients with different subtypes of constipation.Methods:From 20th January 2017 to 20th September 2020, the HRCM results of 225 patients with functional constipation who visited the Department of Anorectal Surgery of Tianjin Union Medical Center were retrospectively analyzed. According to the results of colonic transit test, 225 patients were divided into STC group (108 cases), OOC group (36 cases), mixed group (28 cases) and NTC group (53 cases). General information such as Wexner constipation scores, clinical symptoms (decreased desire to defecate, sensation of anorectal blockage, hand-assisted defecation, spontaneous bowel movements frequency<3 times per week), the incidence, frequency within one day (hereinafter referred to as frequency), average velocity, average wave amplitude, average duration of contraction, average length of contraction, and the dynamic index (DI) of average pressure of high-amplitude propagating contraction (HAPC), as well as the frequency, average wave amplitude, average duration of contraction, and the DI of average pressure of low-amplitude propagating contraction (LAPC) were compared among the four groups. One-way ANOVA and multiple comparison, Kruskal-Wallis test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis.Results:The Wexner constipation scores of the STC, OOC, mixed and NTC group were 13.17±4.04, 13.97±4.55, 11.36±4.03 and 11.58±4.06, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=3.879, P<0.05). The Wexner consipation scores of the STC and OOC group were both higher than the mixed and NTC group, and the difference were statistically significant (One-way ANOVA and multiple comparison, all P<0.05). The proportion of decreased desire to defecate, sensation of anorectal blockage, hand-assisted defecation, spontaneous bowel movements frequency<3 times per week of STC, OOC, mixed and NTC group were 47.2% (51/108), 36.1% (13/36), 14.3% (4/28), 20.8% (11/53); 42.6% (46/108), 75.0% (27/36), 46.4% (13/28), 64.2% (34/ 53); 31.5% (34/108), 38.9% (14/36), 3.6% (1/28), 18.9% (10/53); 90.7% (98/108), 77.8% (28/36), 82.1% (23/28) and 62.3% (33/53), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=17.093, 12.463, 13.437 and 18.927; all P<0.01). The proportion of decreased desire to defecate of STC group was higher than that of mixed and NTC group, and spontaneous bowel movements frequency<3 times per week was higher than that of OOC and NTC group, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=10.014, 10.518, 4.418 and 19.016; all P<0.05). The proportion of sensation of anorectal blockage of OOC group was higher than that of STC and mixed group, and the proportion of hand-assisted defecation was higher than that of the mixed and NTC group, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2= 9.511, 5.486, 10.948 and 4.363, all P<0.05). The incidence of HAPC in STC, OOC, mixed and NTC groups was 39.8% (43/108), 36.1% (13/36), 57.1% (16/28), and 60.4% (32/53), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=8.880, P=0.031). The incidence of HAPC in STC group and OOC group were lower than that of NTC group, and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=6.041 and 5.050, P=0.014 and 0.025). There were no statistically significant difference in the frequency, average velocity, average amplitude, average duration of contraction, average length of contraction and DI of pressure of HAPC in four groups, and there were no statistically significant difference in the frequency, average amplitude, average duration of contraction, and DI of pressure of LAPC in the four groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Doctors can more clearly and objectively observe the intestinal motility characteristics of patients with different subtypes of constipation through HRCM. HRCM provides a strong basis for the diagnosis and further treatment of functional constipation, and has a high clinical application value.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6312-6322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921790

ABSTRACT

Cambodia is rich in medicinal plant resources. One hundred and thirty-three medicinal material samples, including the hole herb, root, stem/branch, leaf, flower, fruit, seed, and resin, were collected from the Orussey Herbal Market in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, and then authenticated by ITS and psbA-trnH. A total of 46 samples were identified based on ITS sequences, belonging to 24 families, 40 genera, and 42 species. A total of 100 samples were identified by psbA-trnH sequences to belong to 42 families, 77 genera, and 84 species. A total of 103 samples were identified by two DNA barcodes. According to the morphological characteristics of the medicinal materials, 120 samples classified into 50 species, 86 genera, and 86 families were identified, and the majority of them were from Zingiberaceae, Fabaceae, and Acanthaceae. Such samples have been commonly used in traditional Cambodian medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, Unani medicine, traditional Chinese medicine, and ethnomedicine, but different medical systems focus on different functional aspects of the same medicinal material. The results of this study have demonstrated that DNA barcoding has a significant advantage in identifying herbal products, and this study has provided basic data for understanding the traditional medicinal materials used in Cambodia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cambodia , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Plant/genetics , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal/genetics
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2573-2585, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877863

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-Kp) poses distinct clinical challenges due to extensively drug resistant (XDR) phenotype, and sequence type (ST) 11 is the most dominant blaKPC-2-bearing CP-Kp clone in China. The purpose of this current retrospective study was to explore the genetic factors associated with the success of XDR CP-Kp ST11 strains circulated in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a Chinese tertiary hospital.@*METHODS@#Six ST11 XDR CP-Kp strains were identified between May and December 2014 and validated by minimum inhibitory concentration examination, polymerase chain reaction, and pyrosequencing. The six ST11 XDR CP-Kp, as well as three multi-drug resistant (MDR) and four susceptible strains, were sequenced using single-molecule real-time method. Comprehensively structural and functional analysis based on comparative genomics was performed to identify genomic characteristics of the XDR ST11 CP-Kp strains.@*RESULTS@#We found that ST11 XDR blaKPC-2-bearing CP-Kp strains isolated from inpatients spread in the ICU of the hospital. Functionally, genes associated with information storage and processing of the ST11 XDR CP-Kp strains were more abundant than those of MDR and susceptible strains, especially genes correlative with mobile genetic elements (MGEs) such as transposons and prophages. Structurally, eleven large-scale genetic regions taken for the unique genome in these ST11 XDR CP-Kp strains were identified as MGEs including transposons, integrons, prophages, genomic islands, and integrative and conjugative elements. Three of them were located on plasmids and eight on chromosomes; five of them were with antimicrobial resistance genes and eight with adaptation associated genes. Notably, a new blaKPC-2-bearing ΔΔTn1721-blaKPC-2 transposon, probably transposed and truncated from ΔTn1721-blaKPC-2 by IS903D and ISKpn8, was identified in all six ST11 XDR CP-Kp strains.@*CONCLUSION@#Our findings suggested that together with clonal spread, MGEs identified uniquely in the ST11 XDR CP-Kp strains might contribute to their formidable adaptability, which facilitated their widespread dissemination in hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacterial Proteins , China , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Hospitals , Klebsiella Infections/drug therapy , Klebsiella pneumoniae/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Retrospective Studies , beta-Lactamases/genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 886-888, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822530

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate relationship between campus violence and sexual orientation of middle school students, and to provide suggestions for intervention of campus violence.@*Methods@#A total of 3 738 middle school students selected by using stratified cluster sampling method were asked to attend a questionnaire survey.@*Results@#About 49.9% middle school students were campus violence victims. There were significant differences between different school, gender, education level of parents, academic achievement, sexual orientation students’ rate of suffering from campus violence(χ2=18.66, 88.35, 7.71, 8.26, 10.07, 15.23, P<0.01), junior students’(53.4%) was higher than senior students’(46.3%), boys’(58.1%) were higher than girls’(42.7%), students’ whose parents’ education level greater than equal or undergraduate degree(54.0%, 54.6%) was higher than those whose parents’ education level below undergraduate degree(48.6%, 48.7%), students whose study achievement below average (54.5%) was higher than those whose achievement greater than or equal to average(48.9%, 47.9%), homosexual and bisexuals’(both 58.7%) were higher than those with uncertain sexual orientation and heterosexuality(51.6%, 48.1%). Homosexual (OR=1.51) and bisexual (OR=1.68) were risk factors for suffering from campus violence of middle school students.@*Conclusion@#Middle schools should strengthen the prevention and intervention of campus violence; Students should be provided with proper information regarding homosexual and bisexual, and to reduce and avoid violence against them.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 190-202, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872810

ABSTRACT

Platycodonis Radix, which was first recorded in the Agriculture God's Canon of Materia Medica. It is a multi-functional drug with a wide range of applications. The processing of Platycodonis Radix has been recorded as early as in the Jin dynasty, and has a long history of processing. Today, in addition to the washing, cutting and stir-frying with honey, there have also been more than 20 kinds of processing methods, such as stir-frying with wine, stir-frying with bran, stir-frying with Lilii Bulbus juice and so on. The ancients believed that Platycodonis Radix could enhance the effect of diffusing the lung, promoting pharynx and relieving cough by processing. In terms of the chemical compositions in Platycodonis Radix, more than 100 compositions, like triterpenoid saponins, flavonoids, phenols, sterols, polysaccharides and polyacetylenes, have been isolated and identified from it. Among them, triterpenoid saponins are the essential compositions. In addition, Platycodonis Radix has the pharmacological effects of expectorant, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, etc. The medicinal ingredients of Platycodonis Radix are mainly triterpenoid saponins and polysaccharides. Among them, triterpenoid saponins have diverse biological activities, which lead it to be one of the hotspots of current researches. Platycodonis Radix has a good role in promoting lung and removing phlegm. After being processed, its medicinal effects are enhanced. It is complex and diverse in compositions of Platycodonis Radix so that has rich pharmacological activities. On the basis of sorting out the literature, this paper discusses the processing history, chemical composition and pharmacological effect of Platycodonis Radix, in order to provide reference for the special processing and modern research of Platycodonis Radix. Furtherly, it provides a theoretical basis for the research of its processing mechanism and quality control.

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