Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 14 de 14
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 843-848, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between physical indicators and blood pressure or fasting plasma glucose levels in the young-old and oldest-old.Methods:Totally 1 516 subjects from the Guangxi Natural Longevity Cohort were screened in this study and physical examination parameters included body mass index(BMI), waist circumference(WC), waist-to-height ratio(WHtR), fasting plasma glucose(FPG)and blood pressure, and the correlations between them were analyzed.Results:The overweight elderly and overweight young elderly groups had an increased risk of concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose, compared with both elderly people with normal BMI and young elderly people with normal BMI( OR=2.66, 95% CI: 1.90-3.72; OR=3.03, 95% CI: 2.11-4.34). Elderly people with general obesity and young elderly people with general obesity were more likely to have hypertension( OR=5.25, 95% CI: 2.07-13.28; OR=4.75, 95% CI: 1.84-12.21), impaired fasting glucose( OR=2.95, 95% CI: 1.00-8.69; OR=3.06, 95% CI: 1.04-9.02), and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose( OR=7.94, 95% CI: 3.04-20.72; OR=8.68, 95% CI: 3.28-22.94), whereas underweight young elderly had a reduced risk of hypertension( OR=0.27, 95% CI: 0.09-0.80). Elderly people in the central obesity group(WC)showed increased risk of hypertension( OR=1.39, 95% CI: 1.04-1.84)and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose( OR=2.39, 95% CI: 1.75-3.27), compared with those in the non-central obesity group.Young elderly people with central obesity had increased risk of hypertension( OR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.07-2.00), impaired fasting glucose( OR=1.62, 95% CI: 1.14-2.28), and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose( OR=3.03, 95% CI: 2.13-4.32); both elderly people and young elderly people in the central obesity group(WHtR)had increased risk of hypertension( OR=1.35, 95% CI: 1.03-1.76; OR=1.55, 95% CI: 1.13-2.14), impaired fasting glucose( OR=1.42, 95% CI: 1.04-1.94; OR=1.62, 95% CI: 1.13-2.31), and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose( OR=2.20, 95% CI: 1.60-3.02; OR=3.22, 95% CI: 2.14-4.84). In the elderly group, BMI was correlated with diastolic blood pressure and WHtR was correlated with the fasting blood glucose level. Conclusions:The levels of fasting plasma glucose and blood pressure increase with elevated physical indicator values(BMI, WC, WHtR)in the Guangxi elderly population, and the risk of developing hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, and concurrent hypertension and impaired fasting glucose increases in elderly patients with general obesity and central obesity, with a higher risk in low-aged elderly patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 121-125, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493051

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the metabolic parameters in health checkup people with dark red tongue and light red tongue,with different coating nature,coating color or liguliform,to understand the relationship between dark red tongue and human metabolic state.Methods Clinical data of 2 891 individuals who underwent health checkup in our center between Dec.2013 and Aug.2014 were collected,including body mass index,blood pressure,blood glucose,lipid and uric acid.Tongue diagnosis was made by Chinese Medicine practitioners.Results The dark red tongue was more common in males,it was found in 61.58% males and 38.42% females in the dark red tongue group.The average level including body mass index,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure,blood glucose,total cholesterol,triglyceride,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and blood uric acid in dark red tongue group were higher than those in light red tongue group (P<0.01).When the dark red tongue had yellow fur-like or thick and greasy coat,the average level of body mass index,blood glucose,total cholesterol,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and blood uric acid were higher than those of the normal dark red tongue group,the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower than that of the normal dark red tongue group.Conclusions Dark red tongue has homogeneous relations with abnormal metabolic parameters,it may be the external expression of metabolic abnormalities;tongue is the external macro manifestation of human body health state.

3.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 20-24, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490398

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between body mass index (BMI) and features of tongue manifestation.Methods A total of 1 655 physical examination individuals were selected,and height and body weight were measured to calculate BMI.Traditional Chinese Medicine tongue inspection was performed,and map of tongue manifestation was photographed by a digital camera.Results Among the 1 655 physical examination individuals,prevalences of normal weight,overweight/obesity and low weight were 50.94%,43.74% and 5.32%,respectively.The prevalences of individuals had dark red tongue (37.98% vs.24.56%;x2=40.883,P<0.001),purplish tongue (5.94% vs.3.44%;x2=8.133,P=0.017),dark purplish tongue (2.35% vs.0.59%;x2=10.398,P=0.006),yellow fur (63.95% vs.58.84%;x2=9.570,P=0.008),thick greasy fur (24.86% vs.17.20%;x2=18.698,P<0.001) in the overweight/obesity group were significantly higher than those in the normal weight group,and the prevalence of individuals had exfoliative fur/little fur/less fur in the overweight/obesity group was significantly higher than that in the normal weight group (1.93% vs.3.91%;x2=6.454,P=0.040).The prevalences of individuals had red or deep red tongue (48.86% vs.24.72%;x2=24.608,P<0.001),red dot tongue (7.95% vs.1.93%;x2=12.254,P=0.002),thin whitish fur (22.73% vs.9.53%;x2=14.030,P=0.001) in the low weight group were significantly higher than those in the normal weight group.Binary logistic regression analysis showed positive correlation between dark red tongue (OR 1.830,95% CI 1.515-2.211;P<0.001),purplish tongue (OR 1.874,95% CI 1.211-2.901;P=0.005),dark purplish tongue (OR 4.259,95% CI 1.610-11.266;P=0.003),yellow fur (OR 1.294,95% CI 1.093-1.531;P=0.003),gray-black fur (OR 6.147,95% CI 1.816-20.811;P=0.004),thick greasy fur (OR 1.597,95% CI 1.289-1.978;P<0.001) and BMI,and negative correlation between pink tongue (OR 0.766,95% CI 0.637-0.920;P=0.004),red or deep red tongue (OR 0.659,95% CI 0.549-0.789;P<0.001),red dot tongue (OR 0.548,95% CI 0.326-0.921;P=0.023),thin whitish fur (OR 0.695,95% CI 0.536-0.900;P=0.006),whitish fur (OR 0.821,95% CI 0.683-0.986;P=0.035) and BMI.Conclusions There is some correlation between BMI and features of tongue manifestation.Abnormal tongue color is mainly dark red tongue in the overweight/obesity individuals,and red or deep red tongue in low weight individuals.Abnormal tongue fur is mainly thick yellow fur.The tongue shape is normal in different body weight groups.

4.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 18-21, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460672

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the chromatic differences of the tongue tip and tongue side and provide quantitative evidence for tongue color diagnosis. Methods Totally 683 healthy people were recruited, and their tongue photos were taken. Then ICC specific documents were used for the correction of all tongue photos, and chromatic values (L*, a*, b*, C*and h°) of tongue tip and tongue side were obtained for further statistical analysis. CIEDE2000 was used for calculating the color differences. Results The average color difference of tongue tip and tongue side in normal pink tongue was 5.4. When pink tongue has abnormal red tongue tip, the average color difference of tongue tip and tongue side was 10.85. Compared with normal tongue tip, the average color difference of tongue tip and tongue side in abnormal color tongue with abnormal red tongue tip increased from 5.4-7.0 to 11.23. Conclusion Red tongue tip is a sensitive sign indicating abnormal heat in the body. Tongue tip quantitative diagnosis is valuable in the determination of heat sign in TCM preventive treatment of disease, and reveal the diagnosis meaning and scientific connotation of red tongue tip.

5.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 2020-2023, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483926

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to discuss the diagnosis significance of the diseased tongue demonstration in Shanghuo (heatiness) people. Based on 303Shanghuo cases, the relevance of diseased tongue demonstration and inquiry data were analyzed. The results showed that 53.14%Shanghuo cases had at least more than 2Shanghuo inducing causes. The most common inducing cause combinations were pathogenic factors neither endogenous nor exogenous (unbalanced diet, overworked) and internal factors (over stressed, emotional). When there were several Shanghuo causes occurred at the same time, the probability of appearing diseased tongue demonstration increased significantly. There were 29.95%Shanghuo cases occurredShanghuo experience frequently. And in these cases, the probability of appearing diseased tongue demonstration increased significantly. It was concluded that when Shanghuo people had diseased tongue demonstration appeared, it was not merely just“is going to get ill”, but was already suffering from heat syndrome. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) physical examination, to effectively differentiate“is going to get ill” and“being ill” was initially important. And the diseased tongue demonstration was a crucial diagnostic basis.

6.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1268-1272, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671856

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to discuss the connotation of congenital constitution in medical books before Qing dynasty. By searching the character Bing as a keyword in the Encyclopedia of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), 6 480 articles were retrieved. Through reading each of the articles, 9 congenital constitution terms were con-cluded. A total of 1 041 valid entries involved in 165 medical books were retrieved. The results showed that congen-ital constitution was affected by parent heredity and region factors. Parent heredity factor includes the influence of both parents and the influence of mother during pregnancy where the influence of both parents includes both parents' habits and conditions when having sex; the influence from the mother includes habits and medication during her pregnancy. Congenital constitution embodiment includes the body's growth and development, body structure and vis-cera, qi and blood, pulse and forefinger blood vessels (of young children), mental state and life span. In three other factors of congenital constitution (i.e. qi and blood, body structure and life span), both body structure and life span depend on the endowment of qi and blood. It was concluded that TCM practitioners before Qing dynasty judged one's congenital constitution through observing the speed of its growth and development, appearance, mental state, strength of visceral functions, condition of its mind, forefinger blood vessels, pulse, susceptible to types of disease and etc. Therefore, body structure is an important factor of congenital constitution judgment. TCM practitioners before Qing dynasty paid attention to the effect on mother to her offspring's health.

7.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1079-1084, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451232

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the congenital constitution terms consist of Bing and connotation in medical books before Qing dynasty. By searching the character Bing as a keyword in the Encyclopedia of Tradi-tional Chinese Medicine (TCM), 6480 articles were retrieved. Through reading each of the articles, 9 congenital con-stitution terms were concluded. The results showed that Sui dynasty recorded the earliest congenital constitution term. And till the end of Ming dynasty, altogether 9 terms, which were Bing Qi, Bing Zhi, Bing Shou, Bing Fu, Suo Bing, Fu Bing, Qi Bing, Bing Ti and Su Bing, appeared in sequence. The terms appeared with high frequency were Bing Shou ( 33 . 27%) and Bing Fu ( 32 . 99%) . There were 5 congenital constitution relat-ed factors altogether , which were physique , parental heredity , life span , qi and blood as well as region , ap-peared in sequence . And the term appeared with high frequency was physique ( 32.11%) . It was concluded that before Qing dynasty, all congenital constitution terms occurred with the character of Bing (endowment). The usage of different terms to state congenital constitution was intended to describe different associated factors . It reflected the understanding of congenital constitution process. The first known congenital constitution factor was not parental heredity but physique . Qi and blood was the second most appeared factor . This indicated that con-genital constitution does not only involve the structure of the body ( physique ) , but also the function of the body (qi and blood). The investigation about congenital constitution of ancient TCM brings a positive practical signifi-cance for the modern health cognition and health maintenance .

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 395-398, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446103

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate two different MRI techniques , enhanced 3D STIR SPACE and unidirectionally-encoded DWIBS MR Neurography in visualizing the brachial plexus.Methods Twenty healthy volunteers underwent MR scanning by the procedures of unidirectionally -encoded DWIBS and enhanced 3D STIR SPACE sequence of the brachial plexus.Original images were reconstructed with coronal maximum intensity projection ( MIP ).The image quality was assessed by comparing the visualization of various parts of the brachial plexus and the suppression ratio of image background.The degree of visualization was compared via χ2-test of paired data , and comparison of background suppression scores was performed using a nonparametric Wilcoxon signed rank sum test.Results The successful rate of visualizing the brachial plexus supraclavicular section ( C5-T1 ) was 84% ( 167/200 ) and 99% ( 198/200 ) , respectively, for the DWIBS and enhanced 3D STIR SPACE, and the rate for the infraclavicular section was 33%( 13/40 ) and 95% ( 38/40 ).The differences between these two techniques were statistically significant (χ2 value was 28.18 and 31.15 respectively, P <0.01).In all images, the scores of grade (Ⅰ-Ⅳ) of background suppression were 0, 0, 4 and 16 for unidirectionally-encoded DWIBS, respectively;while they were 15, 4, 1 and 0 for enhanced 3D STIR SPACE.There was significant difference between the two techniques ( Z =3.96,P <0.01).Conclusions High-quality MR neurography of the brachial plexus can be obtained using the enhanced 3D STIR SPACE sequence.It offers a complete anatomical coverage of the brachial plexus , and thus demonstrates a better capacity in depicting the anatomy of brachial plexus as compared with the unidirectionally-encoded DWIBS.

9.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 100-103, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418291

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and education level in women.Methods A total of 810 adult females (aged 20 to 60 years) from specified hospital of Beijing were enrolled in this investigation. Questionnaires and physical examinations were completed to collect data. Education level was indicated as degree of education and length of schooling. Analysis of Variance and logistic regression were used for data analysis. Results Significant differences of waist circumstance,systolic blood pressure,diastolic blood pressure and fasting blood glucose were found among respondents with different education level ( all P < 0.05 ).Lower education level was positively associated with risk of MS when adjusted for cigarette smoking,alcohol consumption,food intake,medical history of critical illness and genetic disease,socioeconomic status,and stress.After adjustment for age,the effect wasn't significant anymore.Conclusion Education level may show important effects on MS among women.

10.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 61,63-2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589820

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the constitution characteristics of patients with uterine fibroids.MethodsA total of 413 patients with uterine fibroids (patient group) and 413 healthy women (control group) were enrolled in this case-control study. All the participants were required to fill in a questionnaire on Chinese Medicine constitution.The frequency and percentage of indicators were calculated,and analysis of variance and Chi-square test were used to find difference between the two groups.Results The incidence of Qi-stagnation constitution in the patient group was higher than that in the control group (x2 =8.209,P < 0.05 ). The incidence of menstrual abnormalities was increased in patients with constitution of Phlegm-dampness and Dampness-heat,Qi-stagnation and Blood-stasis.The detection rate of hypertension of the patient group was also significantly increased.ConclusionThe most common constitution of patients with uterine fibroid is Oi-stagnation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 140-142, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415542

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between fatty liver progress and metabolic changes.Methods A total of 414 patients who had B-mode ultrasonography confirmed fatty liver development during 2 health check-ups within 2 years were enrolled in this study.Paired t and χ2 tests were used to compare body mass index (BMI),alanine aminotransferase (ALT),aspartate aminotransferase (AST),fasting plasma glucose (FPG),serum uric acid (UA),triglycerides (TG),and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) among the participants.Results BMI,TG,HDL-C,ALT,AST,and UA were significantly increased after fatty liver progressed,although HDL-C was largely decreased.ConclusionsPrevention and treatment of MS as well as early intervention for fatty liver should be important for successful control of fatty liver.

12.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 823-826, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-384825

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of serum soluble Fas (sFas) and soluble Fas-ligand (sFasL), and the relationship betweenthe level of serum sFas or sFasL and the infarct volume in patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI). Methods Sixty patients with ACI (female 28, male 32) served as study group and 30 healthy subjects (female 18, male 12) served as control group. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the levels of serum sFas and sFasL in both groups, and the differences of the sFas and sFasL concentration were compared between the two groups. Results The levels of serum sFas at 48 hours, at day 7 and 14 in the ACl group were 6. 27 ± 1.48 ng/L, 4. 99 ± 1.15 ng/L, and 3.74 ± 0.58 ng/L,respectively, and they were all significantly higher than 3.00 ± 0. 38 ng/L in the control group (P <0. 05). The levels of serum sFasL at 48 hours, at day 7 and 14 in the ACI group were 4.40 ± 1.32 ng/L, 3. 19 ± 0.94 ng/L, and 1.91±0.45 ng/L, respectively. They were significantly higher than 1.15 ±0.21 ng/L in the control group (P<0.01). The levels of sFas (1.91 ± 0.45) ng/L, respectively, and they were all significantly higher than (4.98 ±0.91) ng/L(t = 12.12 ,P <0. 01)and (3.58 ±0. 87) ng/L(t =5.35 ,P <0.01) in the small infarction group. The levels of serum sFas and sFasL in patients with ACI showed positive correlation (r =0. 748, P =0. 01). Conclusions High serum sFas and sFasL may indicate larger infarct volume in patients with ACI.

13.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 39-41, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401792

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the syndrome tendency of fatty liver people and then providing basis for TCM integrated into fatty liver patients'Health Management by analyzing the characteristics of fatty liver people's tongue and combining them with the investigating results of symptoms.Methods Using 1∶1control study methods,examined 368 cases(184 cases were patients with fatty liver),observed their tongues as well as their symptoms,and recorded results.Results x2 test showed fat tongue,thin and small tongue,teeth-marked tongue,thick fur,greasy fur,fond of cool drink,hate feat,diarrhea after eating cold food,more sweat,lethargy,heavy four limbs,more flatus were significantly increase in fatty liver people(x27·580,11.740,23.700,8.666,10.793,P>0.05).Conclusions The symptoms of patients with fatty liver disease were the reflection of heat and(or)damp-heat.Found the generally pathology rules of patients with fatty liver disease,we could be more reasonable and effective prevention and treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673933

ABSTRACT

Objective The cytotoxic effect of bile acids on trophoblast and fetal development in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy(ICP) were studied through the observation of ultrastructure changes and expression of epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) of placenta. Methods Twenty two ICP (7 with FGR and 15 without FGR) and 15 normal late pregnancies were selected. The placental ultrastructure was observed with transmission electron microscope. The expression of EGFR in placenta was determined by immunohistological method and the related quantity of EGFR mRNA was analysed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR). Results The morphological changes found in syncytiotrophoblast were the following: decrease in the number of superficial microvilli, dilatation of rough endoplasmic reticulum, tumefation or myelination of the mitochondria and abnormal distribution of chromatin. These changes of syncytiotrophoblast were more obvious in ICP with FGR. In addition, decrease in the number of capillaries and proliferation of degenerated collagenous fibrils in villi interstitium were also observed. Compared with the normal pregnancies, the expression of EGFR in placenta from ICP decreased significantly and there was no significant difference of EGFR expression in ICP with and without FGR. Conclusion Bile acids cause distinct injuries on trophoblast in a dose dependent manner and that maybe account for the decreased expression of placental EGFR in ICP.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL