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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3040-3048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999066

ABSTRACT

In this study, the ovarian surgery (ovariectomy, OVX) was used to establish the osteoporosis mice model of primary menstruation, in order to evaluate the protective effects and mechanisms of Zhibai Dihuang decotion on postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP). The animal experimental protocol has been reviewed and approved by Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Jinan University (number: 20210315-03), in compliance with the Institutional Animal Care Guidelines. C57BL/6 mice were divided into five groups, including Sham group, OVX group, low (32 g·kg-1·day-1) and high dose (64 g·kg-1·day-1) of Zhibai Dihuang decotion groups, positive drug group (alendronate, 9.9 mg·kg-1·q3d). After modeling, mice were given medication intervention for 8 weeks, and then femoral and tibial tissues were taken to detect indicators such as bone microstructure, bone resorption, and oxidative stress. The experimental results showed that after Zhibai Dihuang decotion administration, the bone microstructure damage caused by OVX surgery was alleviated, and the relevant parameters bone mineral density (BMD), bone volume/total volume (BV/TV), trabecular number (Tb. N) and connectivity density (Conn. D) both significantly increased. At the same time, the number of TRAP positive osteoclasts decreased significantly, and the levels of proteins and genes related to osteoclast differentiation decreased, indicating that Zhibai Dihuang decoction could inhibit the increased activity of osteoclast caused by OVX. Afterwards, network pharmacology was used to construct the active compound action target network of Zhibai Dihuang decotion, and it was found that the target genes of its active ingredients were closely related to the oxidative stress pathway. Finally, the detection results of oxidative stress levels in bone tissues showed that after treatment with Zhibai Dihuang decotion, the levels of oxidative stress products 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in bone tissues of mice significantly decreased, while the levels of antioxidant stress substance L-glutathione (GSH) increased. These above results indicated that Zhibai Dihuang decotion can regulate the level of oxidative stress in the body and inhibit osteoclast activity, which played a therapeutic role in PMOP, as well as provided theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of PMOP with traditional Chinese medicine.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4147-4155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008611

ABSTRACT

Based on the androgen receptor(AR)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)signaling pathway, the effects of Xihuang Pills-medicated serum on the proliferation and apoptosis of prostate cancer LNCaP cells were investigated. The drug-containing serum of SD rats was prepared by intragastric administration of Xihuang Pills suspension. The effects of low-, medium-, and high-dose Xihuang Pills-containing serum on the in vitro proliferation of LNCaP cells were detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis level of LNCaP cells after intervention with different concentrations of Xihuang Pills. Protein expression of cleaved cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase caspase-3(cleaved caspase-3), B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and AR as well as the phosphorylation level of mTOR protein were detected by Western blot. The results showed that compared with the blank serum, the drug-medicated serum could blunt the activity of LNCaP cells. Low-, medium-, and high-dose Xihuang Pills-containing serum could significantly increase the cell apoptosis rate, increase the expression of cleaved caspase-3 protein, decrease the expression of Bcl-2 protein, reduce the expression of AR protein, and down-regulate the level of phosphorylated mTOR(p-mTOR). To study the effect of Xihuang Pills on the growth of LNCaP cells in vivo, different doses of Xihuang Pills were used to intervene in the subcutaneous graft model in nude mice inoculated with LNCaP cells. The expression levels of AR, mTOR, p-mTOR, Bcl-2, and cleaved caspase-3 were detected by Western blot. The results showed that the volumes of subcutaneous graft tumor in the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose Xihuang Pills groups significantly decreased compared with that in the model group. The weight of subcutaneous transplanted tumor in each group with drug intervention was significantly lower than that in the model group. Compared with the model group, the low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose Xihuang Pills groups showed increased cleaved caspase-3 protein expression, decreased Bcl-2 and AR protein expression, and reduced p-mTOR protein expression. Further experiments showed that AR agonist R1881 could block the anti-proliferation and pro-apoptotic effects of Xihuang Pills. The mechanism of Xihuang Pills against prostate cancer is related to the inhibition of the AR/mTOR signaling pathway, inhibition of LNCaP cell proliferation, and induction of apoptosis in cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Mice , Rats , Animals , Caspase 3/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Cell Line, Tumor , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Apoptosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 628-635, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of reactivated ultrasound contrast agent on prevention of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rat hindlimb ischemia model.Methods:Microbubbles were compressed into nanodroplets (NDs) and the particle size range was determined.In vitro experiments were carried out to observe the acoustic phase transition of nanodroplets in the ultrasound field and the change of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the surrounding solution. Forty-one male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups: acoustic nanodroplet vaporization treatment group (NDs+ US group, n=9), saline+ ultrasound treatment group (Saline+ US group, n=8), nanodroplet without ultrasound treatment group (NDs group, n=8), ischemia/reperfusion injury group (IRI group, n=8) and sham operation group (Sham group, n=8). Ultrasound imaging was performed before operation and 12 hours after reperfusion to evaluate the improvement of hemodynamics of criminal artery under different treatments. Tissue injury were evaluated by analyzing immunohistochemistry staining results. Results:The formed NDs ranged in size from approximately 68.0-295.4 nm and the highest concentration in the 100 nm range. In vitro studies, a decrease in DO was measured during the phase transition.In the animal experiment, after ischemia/reperfusion, NDs+ US, Saline+ US, NDs and IRI groups demonstrated a significantly higher resistance index (RI) and pualsatility index (PI) of the right common iliac artery compared with before operation (NDs+ US group: PI 1.79±0.17 vs 1.57±0.23, P=0.014; RI 0.80±0.02 vs 0.75±0.04, P=0.002. Saline+ US group: PI 2.29±0.16 vs 1.57±0.16, P<0.001; RI 0.90±0.06 vs 0.74±0.03, P<0.001. NDs group: PI 2.17±0.14 vs 1.53±0.15, P<0.001; RI 0.91±0.04 vs 0.75±0.04, P<0.001. IRI group: PI 2.12±0.22 vs 1.58±0.20, P<0.001; RI 0.88±0.04 vs 0.75±0.04, P<0.001). The increases of PI and RI (ΔPI, ΔRI) in NDs+ US group were higher than those in sham group (all P<0.05), but significantly lower than those in saline+ US group, NDS group and IRI group (all P<0.05). Immunohistochemical results indicated the percentages malondialdehyde (MDA) positive cells in Saline+ US, NDs and IRI groups were higher than those in NDs+ US and sham groups (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The acoustic phase transition of nanodroplets in the ultrasound field can reduce ischemia/reperfusion injury and improve hemodynamics abnormality after reperfusion.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 62-66, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817379

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:To determine the suitable storage conditions,packaging materials and packaging methods of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen,and to provide reference for guaranteeing the quality. METHODS:The same batch of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen samples were packed in plastic woven bag,plastic bag,plastic bag in vacuum,aluminum-plastic composite bag,aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum and kraft coated paper bag. They were stored in a cool warehouse(temperature ≤20 ℃,relative humidity was 45%-75%) and drug stability test box [temperature was(40±2)℃,relative humidity was(75±5)%]. Five evaluation indexes were detected during 6-month of long-term cool stability test and accelerated stability test,including characters and the contents of moisture,aflatoxins,jujubosides A and spinosin. RESULTS:The results of 6-month long-term cool stability test showed that the character and the content of moisture,aflatoxins and jujubosides A of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen under different packaging conditions were in line with the requirements of 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia (part Ⅰ)(shorted for “pharmacopeia”). The content of spinosin didn’t meet the requirement of pharmacopeia(no less than 0.080%),but the content of spinosin(0.079%)of aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum was close to the requirements of pharmacopeia. The results of 6-month accelerated stability test showed that the sample packed in kraft coated paper bag and plastic woven bag were seriously moldy;the sample packed in plastic bag and plastic bag in vacuum were blackened;the color of the sample packed in aluminum-plastic composite bag was slightly darker;but the appearance of the sample packed in aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum was basically unchanged. Only when stored for 2-month,the content of aflatoxin B1 in the sample packed in plastic woven bag was 8.64 μg/kg,which exceeded the pharmacopoeia regulation. The moisture content of the sample packed in plastic woven bag and kraft coated paper bag exceeded the highest value (9.0%) required by the pharmacopoeia. Although the content of jujuboside A of samples in each package decreased,it meet the requirements of the pharmacopoeia. Only the content of spinosin (0.084%)of sample packed in plastic bag in vacuum meet the requirements of the pharmacopoeia,and the content of spinosin (0.071%)of sample packed in aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum was relatively high. CONCLUSIONS:Ziziphi Spinosae Semen should be stored in a cool and dry place after packed in aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 975-982, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777529

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a combinative method based on fingerprint,assay of multi-component and chemometrics for quality evaluation of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex. Twenty batches of samples were determined by UPLC and a common mode of fingerprint was established. The similarities between fingerprints of 20 batches of samples were over 0. 90 and the common mode were evaluated. Eight components were identified as syringing, magnocurarine, magnoflorine, magnoloside B, magnoloside A, honokiol,magnolol,and piperitylmagnolol by comparison with reference substances and their content in samples were simultaneously determined.Based on the results,the fingerprint had good consistency between the same origin and minor diversity between the different sources.Piperitylmagnolol and peak 13 could be used as a distinction with the different sources. According to content of 8 components,Fisher discriminant analysis model was established and different source sample was classified pursuant to the discriminant fraction. It is indicated that simultaneous quantification of multi components coupled with chemometrics analysis could be a well-acceptable strategy to identify and evaluate the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Discriminant Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Magnolia , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Reference Standards , Quality Control
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 242-248, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777447

ABSTRACT

Standard decoction of medicinal slices has gradually acquired the height of researcher,government and enterprise for approval. And much consensus are increasingly reached. But there are lots of problem needing further discussing.This article summaries the published literature about standard decoction of medicinal slices in recent 3 years. And clarifies the origin of standard decoction of medicinal slices,explain the definition. The study status of standard decoction was reviewed and further analyzed in detail. And then the application fields of standard decoction of medicinal slices are listed. Combined with the research examples of groups,the problem in the study of standard decoction of medicinal slices was discussed. And relevant suggestions are put forward. All this is expected to provide reference in standard decoction research,the quality criterion o of formula granule and study of classical traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) excellent prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Reference Standards , Research
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4179-4184, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008277

ABSTRACT

There are more and more literature reports about the application of Chinese medicine quality constant in the grading evaluation of Chinese medicine decoction pieces. Chinese medicine quality constant has particularly prominent advantages in comprehensive quantification,so it has become a new method and mode for grading Chinese medicine decoction pieces,highly recognized by the academic circle. In order to determine the effect of Chinese medicine quality constant,a method of grades evaluation for Moutan cortex was established in this paper. 15 batches of samples were collected from Chinese herbal slices enterprises to determine the external morphological indexes and inner quality indexes,calculate the Chinese medicine quality constant of Moutan cortex,and divide them into different grades. The results revealed that the range of the relative quality constant of these samples was from 0. 016 to 0. 060,with percentage quality constant from 27. 4 to 100. 0. If these samples were divided into three grades: the quality constant of the first grade should be ≥0. 048 or the percentage quality constant ≥80. 0; the quality constant of the second grade should be <0. 048 but ≥0. 030 or percentage quality constant <80. 0 and ≥50. 0; the quality constant of the third grade should be <0. 030 or the percentage quality constant <50. 0. This research indicated that Chinese quality constant can objectively divide grades of Moutan cortex decoction pieces,providing reference for formulating grades standards. It was also verified from the results that traditional quality evaluation of Moutan cortex was consistent with quality constant,and the connotation of percentage quality constant was elaborated as well. At the same time,it is suggested to establish a third-party Chinese medicine slices rating agency as soon as possible,which is to unify the terminology and provide rating services for the market.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Paeonia , Quality Control
8.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 408-412, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751571

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of D-dimer for early neurological deteriora- tion (END) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods Patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, the Second People ' s Hospital of Shenzhen between January 2015 and December 2017 were enrolled retrospectively. END was defined as an increase ≥2 in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score or an increase ≥1 in the motor function score within 7 days after admission compared with the baseline score. Demographics, baseline clinical data, and primary treatment options during hospitalization were compared between the END group and the non-END groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for END. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of D-dimer for END. Results A total of 625 patients were enrolled in the study, including 40 in the END group (including 3 deaths) and 585 in the non-END group. The mean hospital stay, international normalized ratio, D-dimer, uric acid, NIHSS score and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at admission, and the proportion of patients with complete anterior circulation infarction, large atherosclerotic stroke, and pulmonary infection were significantly higher than those in the non-END group (all P < 0. 05). There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients receiving thrombolysis, antiplatelet,anticoagulation, and statins between the two groups. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of D-dimer predicting END was 0. 810 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0. 736-0. 884; P < 0. 001); the optimal cut-off value was 2. 35 mg/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 54. 74% and 96. 13% respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that large atherosclerotic stroke (odds ratio [OR] 1. 115, 95% CI 1. 005-1. 390; P = 0. 003 ), D-dimer ≥2. 35 mg/L (OR 1. 055,95% CI 1. 012-1. 150; P = 0. 001 ), NIHSS score at admission (OR 1. 191, 95% CI 1. 006-1. 410; P <0. 001), mRS score > 1 at admission (OR 1. 755, 95% CI 1. 139-3. 656; P = 0. 037 ), and pulmonary infection (OR 2. 598, 95% CI 1. 132-3. 081; P = 0. 012) were the independent risk factors for END in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Conclusion D-dimer ≥2. 35 mg/L at admission has higher predictive value for END in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 201-206, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802087

ABSTRACT

The application of thin layer chromatography(TLC) in Chinese Pharmacopoeia experienced from scratch to less to more,but the proportion of thin layer chromatographic scanning used in recent editions of Chinese Pharmacopoeia has decreased.With the further improvement of the quality standard system of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the shortcomings of TLC identification methods have been gradually revealed,such as the low penetration rate of instrument,poor repeatability and stability of the results,lower identification speed than high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and so on.Thus it gradually became untimely.In the process of formulating quality standard control of TCM,researchers should not be conformist,and TLC identification should not be a necessary choice for the qualitative identification.And HPLC has the possibility to completely replace TLC,but TLC can be used as a supplement to HPLC.In order to fully lower testing cost,shorten testing cycle,improve the efficiency of identification,we suggested quality standard system of TCM should be sharply reduced TLC identification method and increased identification of HPLC characteristic spectrum;and try to do "one condition,one map".Unless absolutely necessary,national quality standards(such as Chinese Pharmacopoeia) should use TLC identification as a recommended method rather than a mandatory standard.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 153-159, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802080

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a quality control method of standard decoction of Aurantti Fructus Immaturus(AFI),and to provide reference for quality evaluation of AFI dispensing granules and other related products of AFI. Method: A total of 16 batches of AFI pieces with different quality were collected from the market,including 13 batches of Citrus aurantium and 3 batches of C. sinensis,and the standard decoction of AFI was prepared according to the standard decoction process.Transfer rate of synephrine,dry extract rate and others of the standard decoction were regarded as evaluation indicators and relative assessment are conducted. Result: Transfer rates of synephrine in 13 batches of standard decoction of AFI(C. aurantium) were ranged from 35.7% to 92.7% with the average value was 61.9%;dry extract rates were varied from 20.7% to 43.8% and the average value was 28.4%;pH values were 4.48-5.32 with the average value was 4.99;the HPLC fingerprint similarities were >0.9 by comparing with the corresponding control fingerprint,6 common peaks were found and 3 of them were identified as naringin,hesperidin and neohesperidin.Transfer rates of synephrine in 3 batches of standard decoction of AFI(C. sinensis) were changed from 53.1% to 84.4%,and the average value was 73.2%;dry extract rates were shifted from 13.8% to 17.6% and the average value was 15.4%;pH values were 4.77-5.38 with the average value was 5.06;the HPLC fingerprint similarities were >0.9 by comparing with the corresponding control fingerprint,2 common peaks were found and one of them were identified as hesperidin. Conclusion: From the HPLC fingerprint of standard decoction of AFI,we can easily understand that the number of peaks in C. aurantium is obviously more than that of C. sinensis.This method has good precision,reproducibility and stability,it is suitable for quality evaluation for related products of AFI.Simultaneously,the research provides a good reference for identifying sources of AFI.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 167-172, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802016

ABSTRACT

The commodity specification and grade is a symbol of quality of Chinese medicinal materials,a standard to measure and evaluate the quality of Chinese medicinal materials,and an important part of the quality control system of Chinese medicinal materials.This article reviewed relevant research literature of commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials,including the formation and policy support of specification and grade.It analyzed the specific research examples of the commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials according to the classification of medicinal parts,and summarized the research conditions of the commodity classification at present stage.Aiming at the current research difficulties and the lack of unified standards in specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials,some advice including research objects,methods,management,publicity,promotion and application are put forward,so as to provide references for the research on the commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 181-186, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801984

ABSTRACT

Classical traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) excellent prescriptions is an outstanding representative in prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine,clinical medicine effective tool,and the essence of traditional culture of Chinese medicine.The research and development of classical TCM excellent prescriptions has attracted great attention from group in the whole industry chain of TCM,a series of guiding suggestions and targeted literature laid a good foundation for research and development of classical TCM excellent prescriptions.In this paper,based on the CNKI database,literature about suggestions or enlightenments of classical TCM excellent prescriptions was sorted and refined in order to build the research outline of classical TCM excellent prescriptions,and it was concluded that literature research was the premise,medicine/decoction pieces with good quality was the foundation,standard substance was the core,high quality was the guarantee and preferential policies were the impetus,and related discussions were carried out.All these were expected to promote the research of classical TCM excellent prescriptions and development of related industries.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 109-113, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801873

ABSTRACT

The quality constant evaluation method was applied to the grading evaluation of Albiziae Cortex decoction pieces. The morphological and component indexes of 12 batches of the decoction pieces were measured, their quality constants were calculated and graded. The results showed that the quality constant ranged from 0.041 to 0.167. If the percentage quality constant ≥ 80%was the first-grade decoction pieces, <80%and ≥ 50%was the second-grade decoction pieces, <50%was the third-grade decoction pieces; the quality constant of the first-grade decoction pieces was ≥ 0.133 6, the second-grade decoction pieces was ≥ 0.083 5 and <0.133 6, and the third-grade decoction pieces was <0.083 5. In this paper, the authors further applied the quality constant evaluation method of skin piece in the grading evaluation of Albiziae Cortex decoction pieces, which proved that the method was reasonable and scientific, and it can provide a reference for the quality grading of this decoction pieces.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 115-120, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the grade evaluation standard for Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice by combining traditional morphology evaluation with modern intrinsic quality evaluation. Method: The morphological parameters and contents of intrinsic pharmacodynamic index components of 28 batches of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice were determined, and the relative quality constants were calculated. Assuming that the average relative quality constant was 100%, more than 120%of the samples were classified as the first grade, 60%to 120%as the second grade, the remaining as the third grade. Result: The relative quality constant of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice ranged from 0.09 to 1.78. The relative quality constant of the first grade was ≥ 0.64, the second grade was 0.32-0.64, while the third grade was ≤ 0.32. Conclusion: Relative quality constant combines external indexes of traditional morphology and internal indexes of pharmacodynamic components, which can objectively, reasonably and scientifically classify the grade of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice, and provide reference for establishing and improving the grade evaluation standard of this decoction pieces.

15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3268-3274, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773723

ABSTRACT

The grade classification of Chinese herbal medicines and their decoction pieces has always been a hot issue in the industry. In the trading history of Chinese herbal medicine,buyers and sellers often determine the price according to quality,so the naturally formed specifications and grades are changing with the change of technology and the increasing demand of the public for medical care.The planting,processing and circulation methods of Chinese medicinal materials have also changed greatly. Under the mode of pursuing yield and short-term benefit,the traditional rating evaluation method has been difficult to be used in the current quality status of prepared slices. Aurantii Fructus Immaturus is a genuine medicinal material of Jiangxi province,which is widely used,but has different quality levels on the market. In this paper,the quality levels were evaluated by the mass constant method. A set of grading method of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices was established,laying a foundation for " high quality and high price" Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices. The grading method of Chinese herbal slices with quality constant was applied to 16 batches of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices collected form the market,and the final assessment results were as follows for different piece shapes( hemispherical type and thin type)respectively. The hemispherical Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥1. 11 for the first grade,< 1. 11 but ≥0. 69 for the second grade,and <0. 69 for the third grade. The thin type Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥0. 024 for the first grade,<0. 024 but ≥0. 015 for the second grade,and <0. 015 for the third grade. This work indicated that the quality constants grading method can be used to objectively classify the grades of traditional Chinese medicine,providing basis for standardizing market behavior and providing useful reference for grading of hemispherical or thin Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces.


Subject(s)
Citrus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3275-3280, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773722

ABSTRACT

The method of classifying the quality grade of traditional Chinese medicine slices with cross section model quality constant was applied to the grade evaluation of Ligusticum chuanxiong pieces,and a reasonable grade standard of L. chuanxiong pieces was established. The purpose is to classify the 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces by combining the advantages of traditional grading with modern quality control indicators. By measuring the natural morphological parameters,processing parameters and the intrinsic content of ferulic acid,an important active ingredient,of the 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces collected from different manufacturers and different batches of different medicinal materials markets,we can synthesize the results. The mass constants and percentage mass constants are calculated and analyzed based on the above data. The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces collected ranged from 0.53-3.00; if the percentage mass constants were more than 80%,50%-80% was second-class pieces,and the rest were third-class pieces,the evaluation results were as follows: the quality constants of first-class L. chuanxiong pieces were more than 2.40,the quality constants of second-class L. chuanxiong pieces should be 1.70-2.40,and the quality constants of third-class L. chuanxiong pieces should be less than 1.70. In this paper,the method of dividing the quality constants of the top blade model into different grades is further applied and practiced,which proves that the method is scientific,reasonable and multi-adaptable. At the same time,it enriches the research data of the grade evaluation of L. chuanxiong pieces,provides a useful reference for the promotion of the grade evaluation of L. chuanxiong pieces,and lays an experimental foundation for the next research of the subject group.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Ligusticum , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3732-3737, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773659

ABSTRACT

Grade evaluation method of quality constant is a kind of grading method for Chinese medicinal materials and decoction pieces,combining the external morphological index and internal content index. This method was used in this paper for grade evaluation of Gardeniae Fructus. By measuring the morphological and content indexes of 14 batches of Gardeniae Fructus,a method for calculating the quality constant of fruits was established,and the grade evaluation criteria were formed. At the same time,the NO inhibition effect of different grades of Gardeniae Fructus samples on RAW264. 7 cells induced by LPS was determined to investigate the relationship between the quality grade and pharmacodynamics of decoction pieces. The results showed that the quality constants of Gardeniae Fructus decoction piece samples ranged from 1. 46 to 4. 42. If the percentage quality constant ≥80% was classified into first-class,50%-80%as second-class and the rest as third-class,the quality constant was ≥3. 54 for first-class,2. 21-3. 54 for second-class and <2. 21 for third-class Gardeniae Fructus decoction pieces. The pharmacodynamic results showed that the pharmacodynamic intensity was positively correlated with the grade,which also proved the rationality of the grade evaluation method of quality constant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fruit , Chemistry , Gardenia , Chemistry , Quality Control
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1729-1733, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773176

ABSTRACT

To establish a quality constant evaluation system of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces,in order to provide reference for regulating the market circulation of this decoction pieces. A total of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were collected from different pharmaceutical factories,and the morphological parameters of each sample were tested. The content of alisol B 23-acetate in Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was determined by HPLC in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the parameters such as quality constant and relative quality constant were calculated. The quality constant range of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was 0. 390-2. 076. If 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were divided into 3 grades,taking 80% of the maximum quality constant as first grade,50% to 80% as second grade,and the rest as third grade,then the quality constant of firstgrade samples was ≥1. 66,the quality constant of second-grade samples was ≥1. 04 and <1. 66,and the quality constant of third-grade samples was <1. 04. The established quality constant evaluation method is objective and feasible,which can be used to classify the grade of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces and provide a reference method to control the quality of this decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Alisma , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1734-1738, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773175

ABSTRACT

The specifications of Chinese herbal medicines naturally form and exist in the circulation and use of Chinese herbal medicines.Buyers and sellers negotiate price by quality. With the increasing demand for public health care,the cultivation,processing methods and circulation of Chinese herbal medicines have changed. Under the mode of pursuing output and short-term benefits,the traditional grade evaluation method has been difficult to apply to the current quality status of the pieces. Bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus is a genuine medicinal material in Jiangxi province. It is widely used,but the quality level of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus on the market is not uniform. Quality constant method was used in this paper for grading the Chinese herbal slices of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus. Sixteen batches of different quality samples were collected and tested,and finally,eleven qualified batches of them were chosen as researcher objects. The results showed that the relative quality constant ranged from 2. 52 to 5. 60. The relative quality constant was ≥4. 48 for first grade bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,2. 80-4. 48 for the second grade pieces,and <2. 80 for the third grade pieces. The grades evaluation method for bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus established in this paper included both appearance and index composition. The results were objective,accurate,quantitative,applicable,and the method was simple to operate and easy to popularize. This study showed that the quality constant method could be applied to the grade evaluation of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,providing a reference for the grade evaluation of fruit-type decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Citrus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fruit , Chemistry , Quality Control
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1739-1743, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773174

ABSTRACT

Grade of Chinese medicine slices is the most clear and most direct way to characterize the quality of Chinese medicine slices,also the basis of realizing " good quality and good prices",and it can guarantee the industry health development. Therefore,grade evaluation of Chinese medicine slices( GECMS) is highly valued and has grown rapidly in the industry. In recent years,due to the comprehensive and measureable features,the Chinese medicine quality constant evaluation method has been gradually recognized and applied.The paper is to establish a method of grades evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle( GRRPCM) based on the Chinese medicine quality constant. 20 batches of samples were collected from Chinese herbal slices enterprises and 14 batches of qualified samples were selected to determine their external morphological indexes and inner quality indexes,then their Chinese medicine quality constants were calculated and the grades were determined. The results revealed that the relative quality constant of these samples ranged from 0. 70 to 14. 08,with a percentage quality constant from 4. 95 to 100. 00. If these samples were divided into three grades: the relative quality constant shall be ≥11. 27 or percentage quality constant ≥80. 03 for the first grade; the relative quality constant shall be <11. 27 but ≥7. 04,or percentage quality constant <80. 03 and ≥49. 99 for the second grade; while for the third grade,the relative quality constant shall be <7. 04 or the percentage quality constant <49. 99. This research indicates that Chinese quality constant can be used to objectively grade the herbal slices,providing reference for grades standard development of complex processing slices. In addition,the connotation of GECMS that has evaluate the mass discrepancy is discussed for expanding application.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
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