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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of reactivated ultrasound contrast agent on prevention of ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rat hindlimb ischemia model.Methods:Microbubbles were compressed into nanodroplets (NDs) and the particle size range was determined.In vitro experiments were carried out to observe the acoustic phase transition of nanodroplets in the ultrasound field and the change of dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the surrounding solution. Forty-one male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups: acoustic nanodroplet vaporization treatment group (NDs+ US group, n=9), saline+ ultrasound treatment group (Saline+ US group, n=8), nanodroplet without ultrasound treatment group (NDs group, n=8), ischemia/reperfusion injury group (IRI group, n=8) and sham operation group (Sham group, n=8). Ultrasound imaging was performed before operation and 12 hours after reperfusion to evaluate the improvement of hemodynamics of criminal artery under different treatments. Tissue injury were evaluated by analyzing immunohistochemistry staining results. Results:The formed NDs ranged in size from approximately 68.0-295.4 nm and the highest concentration in the 100 nm range. In vitro studies, a decrease in DO was measured during the phase transition.In the animal experiment, after ischemia/reperfusion, NDs+ US, Saline+ US, NDs and IRI groups demonstrated a significantly higher resistance index (RI) and pualsatility index (PI) of the right common iliac artery compared with before operation (NDs+ US group: PI 1.79±0.17 vs 1.57±0.23, P=0.014; RI 0.80±0.02 vs 0.75±0.04, P=0.002. Saline+ US group: PI 2.29±0.16 vs 1.57±0.16, P<0.001; RI 0.90±0.06 vs 0.74±0.03, P<0.001. NDs group: PI 2.17±0.14 vs 1.53±0.15, P<0.001; RI 0.91±0.04 vs 0.75±0.04, P<0.001. IRI group: PI 2.12±0.22 vs 1.58±0.20, P<0.001; RI 0.88±0.04 vs 0.75±0.04, P<0.001). The increases of PI and RI (ΔPI, ΔRI) in NDs+ US group were higher than those in sham group (all P<0.05), but significantly lower than those in saline+ US group, NDS group and IRI group (all P<0.05). Immunohistochemical results indicated the percentages malondialdehyde (MDA) positive cells in Saline+ US, NDs and IRI groups were higher than those in NDs+ US and sham groups (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The acoustic phase transition of nanodroplets in the ultrasound field can reduce ischemia/reperfusion injury and improve hemodynamics abnormality after reperfusion.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 62-66, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817379

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:To determine the suitable storage conditions,packaging materials and packaging methods of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen,and to provide reference for guaranteeing the quality. METHODS:The same batch of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen samples were packed in plastic woven bag,plastic bag,plastic bag in vacuum,aluminum-plastic composite bag,aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum and kraft coated paper bag. They were stored in a cool warehouse(temperature ≤20 ℃,relative humidity was 45%-75%) and drug stability test box [temperature was(40±2)℃,relative humidity was(75±5)%]. Five evaluation indexes were detected during 6-month of long-term cool stability test and accelerated stability test,including characters and the contents of moisture,aflatoxins,jujubosides A and spinosin. RESULTS:The results of 6-month long-term cool stability test showed that the character and the content of moisture,aflatoxins and jujubosides A of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen under different packaging conditions were in line with the requirements of 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia (part Ⅰ)(shorted for “pharmacopeia”). The content of spinosin didn’t meet the requirement of pharmacopeia(no less than 0.080%),but the content of spinosin(0.079%)of aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum was close to the requirements of pharmacopeia. The results of 6-month accelerated stability test showed that the sample packed in kraft coated paper bag and plastic woven bag were seriously moldy;the sample packed in plastic bag and plastic bag in vacuum were blackened;the color of the sample packed in aluminum-plastic composite bag was slightly darker;but the appearance of the sample packed in aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum was basically unchanged. Only when stored for 2-month,the content of aflatoxin B1 in the sample packed in plastic woven bag was 8.64 μg/kg,which exceeded the pharmacopoeia regulation. The moisture content of the sample packed in plastic woven bag and kraft coated paper bag exceeded the highest value (9.0%) required by the pharmacopoeia. Although the content of jujuboside A of samples in each package decreased,it meet the requirements of the pharmacopoeia. Only the content of spinosin (0.084%)of sample packed in plastic bag in vacuum meet the requirements of the pharmacopoeia,and the content of spinosin (0.071%)of sample packed in aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum was relatively high. CONCLUSIONS:Ziziphi Spinosae Semen should be stored in a cool and dry place after packed in aluminum-plastic composite bag in vacuum.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802087

ABSTRACT

The application of thin layer chromatography(TLC) in Chinese Pharmacopoeia experienced from scratch to less to more,but the proportion of thin layer chromatographic scanning used in recent editions of Chinese Pharmacopoeia has decreased.With the further improvement of the quality standard system of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the shortcomings of TLC identification methods have been gradually revealed,such as the low penetration rate of instrument,poor repeatability and stability of the results,lower identification speed than high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and so on.Thus it gradually became untimely.In the process of formulating quality standard control of TCM,researchers should not be conformist,and TLC identification should not be a necessary choice for the qualitative identification.And HPLC has the possibility to completely replace TLC,but TLC can be used as a supplement to HPLC.In order to fully lower testing cost,shorten testing cycle,improve the efficiency of identification,we suggested quality standard system of TCM should be sharply reduced TLC identification method and increased identification of HPLC characteristic spectrum;and try to do "one condition,one map".Unless absolutely necessary,national quality standards(such as Chinese Pharmacopoeia) should use TLC identification as a recommended method rather than a mandatory standard.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802080

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a quality control method of standard decoction of Aurantti Fructus Immaturus(AFI),and to provide reference for quality evaluation of AFI dispensing granules and other related products of AFI. Method: A total of 16 batches of AFI pieces with different quality were collected from the market,including 13 batches of Citrus aurantium and 3 batches of C. sinensis,and the standard decoction of AFI was prepared according to the standard decoction process.Transfer rate of synephrine,dry extract rate and others of the standard decoction were regarded as evaluation indicators and relative assessment are conducted. Result: Transfer rates of synephrine in 13 batches of standard decoction of AFI(C. aurantium) were ranged from 35.7% to 92.7% with the average value was 61.9%;dry extract rates were varied from 20.7% to 43.8% and the average value was 28.4%;pH values were 4.48-5.32 with the average value was 4.99;the HPLC fingerprint similarities were >0.9 by comparing with the corresponding control fingerprint,6 common peaks were found and 3 of them were identified as naringin,hesperidin and neohesperidin.Transfer rates of synephrine in 3 batches of standard decoction of AFI(C. sinensis) were changed from 53.1% to 84.4%,and the average value was 73.2%;dry extract rates were shifted from 13.8% to 17.6% and the average value was 15.4%;pH values were 4.77-5.38 with the average value was 5.06;the HPLC fingerprint similarities were >0.9 by comparing with the corresponding control fingerprint,2 common peaks were found and one of them were identified as hesperidin. Conclusion: From the HPLC fingerprint of standard decoction of AFI,we can easily understand that the number of peaks in C. aurantium is obviously more than that of C. sinensis.This method has good precision,reproducibility and stability,it is suitable for quality evaluation for related products of AFI.Simultaneously,the research provides a good reference for identifying sources of AFI.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802016

ABSTRACT

The commodity specification and grade is a symbol of quality of Chinese medicinal materials,a standard to measure and evaluate the quality of Chinese medicinal materials,and an important part of the quality control system of Chinese medicinal materials.This article reviewed relevant research literature of commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials,including the formation and policy support of specification and grade.It analyzed the specific research examples of the commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials according to the classification of medicinal parts,and summarized the research conditions of the commodity classification at present stage.Aiming at the current research difficulties and the lack of unified standards in specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials,some advice including research objects,methods,management,publicity,promotion and application are put forward,so as to provide references for the research on the commodity specification and grade of Chinese medicinal materials.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801984

ABSTRACT

Classical traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) excellent prescriptions is an outstanding representative in prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine,clinical medicine effective tool,and the essence of traditional culture of Chinese medicine.The research and development of classical TCM excellent prescriptions has attracted great attention from group in the whole industry chain of TCM,a series of guiding suggestions and targeted literature laid a good foundation for research and development of classical TCM excellent prescriptions.In this paper,based on the CNKI database,literature about suggestions or enlightenments of classical TCM excellent prescriptions was sorted and refined in order to build the research outline of classical TCM excellent prescriptions,and it was concluded that literature research was the premise,medicine/decoction pieces with good quality was the foundation,standard substance was the core,high quality was the guarantee and preferential policies were the impetus,and related discussions were carried out.All these were expected to promote the research of classical TCM excellent prescriptions and development of related industries.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801873

ABSTRACT

The quality constant evaluation method was applied to the grading evaluation of Albiziae Cortex decoction pieces. The morphological and component indexes of 12 batches of the decoction pieces were measured, their quality constants were calculated and graded. The results showed that the quality constant ranged from 0.041 to 0.167. If the percentage quality constant ≥ 80%was the first-grade decoction pieces, <80%and ≥ 50%was the second-grade decoction pieces, <50%was the third-grade decoction pieces; the quality constant of the first-grade decoction pieces was ≥ 0.133 6, the second-grade decoction pieces was ≥ 0.083 5 and <0.133 6, and the third-grade decoction pieces was <0.083 5. In this paper, the authors further applied the quality constant evaluation method of skin piece in the grading evaluation of Albiziae Cortex decoction pieces, which proved that the method was reasonable and scientific, and it can provide a reference for the quality grading of this decoction pieces.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the grade evaluation standard for Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice by combining traditional morphology evaluation with modern intrinsic quality evaluation. Method: The morphological parameters and contents of intrinsic pharmacodynamic index components of 28 batches of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice were determined, and the relative quality constants were calculated. Assuming that the average relative quality constant was 100%, more than 120%of the samples were classified as the first grade, 60%to 120%as the second grade, the remaining as the third grade. Result: The relative quality constant of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice ranged from 0.09 to 1.78. The relative quality constant of the first grade was ≥ 0.64, the second grade was 0.32-0.64, while the third grade was ≤ 0.32. Conclusion: Relative quality constant combines external indexes of traditional morphology and internal indexes of pharmacodynamic components, which can objectively, reasonably and scientifically classify the grade of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex processed with ginger juice, and provide reference for establishing and improving the grade evaluation standard of this decoction pieces.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777529

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a combinative method based on fingerprint,assay of multi-component and chemometrics for quality evaluation of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex. Twenty batches of samples were determined by UPLC and a common mode of fingerprint was established. The similarities between fingerprints of 20 batches of samples were over 0. 90 and the common mode were evaluated. Eight components were identified as syringing, magnocurarine, magnoflorine, magnoloside B, magnoloside A, honokiol,magnolol,and piperitylmagnolol by comparison with reference substances and their content in samples were simultaneously determined.Based on the results,the fingerprint had good consistency between the same origin and minor diversity between the different sources.Piperitylmagnolol and peak 13 could be used as a distinction with the different sources. According to content of 8 components,Fisher discriminant analysis model was established and different source sample was classified pursuant to the discriminant fraction. It is indicated that simultaneous quantification of multi components coupled with chemometrics analysis could be a well-acceptable strategy to identify and evaluate the quality of Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Discriminant Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Magnolia , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Reference Standards , Quality Control
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777447

ABSTRACT

Standard decoction of medicinal slices has gradually acquired the height of researcher,government and enterprise for approval. And much consensus are increasingly reached. But there are lots of problem needing further discussing.This article summaries the published literature about standard decoction of medicinal slices in recent 3 years. And clarifies the origin of standard decoction of medicinal slices,explain the definition. The study status of standard decoction was reviewed and further analyzed in detail. And then the application fields of standard decoction of medicinal slices are listed. Combined with the research examples of groups,the problem in the study of standard decoction of medicinal slices was discussed. And relevant suggestions are put forward. All this is expected to provide reference in standard decoction research,the quality criterion o of formula granule and study of classical traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) excellent prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Reference Standards , Research
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751571

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of D-dimer for early neurological deteriora- tion (END) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods Patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, the Second People ' s Hospital of Shenzhen between January 2015 and December 2017 were enrolled retrospectively. END was defined as an increase ≥2 in the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score or an increase ≥1 in the motor function score within 7 days after admission compared with the baseline score. Demographics, baseline clinical data, and primary treatment options during hospitalization were compared between the END group and the non-END groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for END. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of D-dimer for END. Results A total of 625 patients were enrolled in the study, including 40 in the END group (including 3 deaths) and 585 in the non-END group. The mean hospital stay, international normalized ratio, D-dimer, uric acid, NIHSS score and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at admission, and the proportion of patients with complete anterior circulation infarction, large atherosclerotic stroke, and pulmonary infection were significantly higher than those in the non-END group (all P < 0. 05). There was no significant difference in the proportion of patients receiving thrombolysis, antiplatelet,anticoagulation, and statins between the two groups. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of D-dimer predicting END was 0. 810 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0. 736-0. 884; P < 0. 001); the optimal cut-off value was 2. 35 mg/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 54. 74% and 96. 13% respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that large atherosclerotic stroke (odds ratio [OR] 1. 115, 95% CI 1. 005-1. 390; P = 0. 003 ), D-dimer ≥2. 35 mg/L (OR 1. 055,95% CI 1. 012-1. 150; P = 0. 001 ), NIHSS score at admission (OR 1. 191, 95% CI 1. 006-1. 410; P <0. 001), mRS score > 1 at admission (OR 1. 755, 95% CI 1. 139-3. 656; P = 0. 037 ), and pulmonary infection (OR 2. 598, 95% CI 1. 132-3. 081; P = 0. 012) were the independent risk factors for END in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Conclusion D-dimer ≥2. 35 mg/L at admission has higher predictive value for END in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773723

ABSTRACT

The grade classification of Chinese herbal medicines and their decoction pieces has always been a hot issue in the industry. In the trading history of Chinese herbal medicine,buyers and sellers often determine the price according to quality,so the naturally formed specifications and grades are changing with the change of technology and the increasing demand of the public for medical care.The planting,processing and circulation methods of Chinese medicinal materials have also changed greatly. Under the mode of pursuing yield and short-term benefit,the traditional rating evaluation method has been difficult to be used in the current quality status of prepared slices. Aurantii Fructus Immaturus is a genuine medicinal material of Jiangxi province,which is widely used,but has different quality levels on the market. In this paper,the quality levels were evaluated by the mass constant method. A set of grading method of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices was established,laying a foundation for " high quality and high price" Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices. The grading method of Chinese herbal slices with quality constant was applied to 16 batches of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus slices collected form the market,and the final assessment results were as follows for different piece shapes( hemispherical type and thin type)respectively. The hemispherical Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥1. 11 for the first grade,< 1. 11 but ≥0. 69 for the second grade,and <0. 69 for the third grade. The thin type Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces: quality constant ≥0. 024 for the first grade,<0. 024 but ≥0. 015 for the second grade,and <0. 015 for the third grade. This work indicated that the quality constants grading method can be used to objectively classify the grades of traditional Chinese medicine,providing basis for standardizing market behavior and providing useful reference for grading of hemispherical or thin Aurantii Fructus Immaturus pieces.


Subject(s)
Citrus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773722

ABSTRACT

The method of classifying the quality grade of traditional Chinese medicine slices with cross section model quality constant was applied to the grade evaluation of Ligusticum chuanxiong pieces,and a reasonable grade standard of L. chuanxiong pieces was established. The purpose is to classify the 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces by combining the advantages of traditional grading with modern quality control indicators. By measuring the natural morphological parameters,processing parameters and the intrinsic content of ferulic acid,an important active ingredient,of the 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces collected from different manufacturers and different batches of different medicinal materials markets,we can synthesize the results. The mass constants and percentage mass constants are calculated and analyzed based on the above data. The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of L. chuanxiong pieces collected ranged from 0.53-3.00; if the percentage mass constants were more than 80%,50%-80% was second-class pieces,and the rest were third-class pieces,the evaluation results were as follows: the quality constants of first-class L. chuanxiong pieces were more than 2.40,the quality constants of second-class L. chuanxiong pieces should be 1.70-2.40,and the quality constants of third-class L. chuanxiong pieces should be less than 1.70. In this paper,the method of dividing the quality constants of the top blade model into different grades is further applied and practiced,which proves that the method is scientific,reasonable and multi-adaptable. At the same time,it enriches the research data of the grade evaluation of L. chuanxiong pieces,provides a useful reference for the promotion of the grade evaluation of L. chuanxiong pieces,and lays an experimental foundation for the next research of the subject group.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Ligusticum , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773659

ABSTRACT

Grade evaluation method of quality constant is a kind of grading method for Chinese medicinal materials and decoction pieces,combining the external morphological index and internal content index. This method was used in this paper for grade evaluation of Gardeniae Fructus. By measuring the morphological and content indexes of 14 batches of Gardeniae Fructus,a method for calculating the quality constant of fruits was established,and the grade evaluation criteria were formed. At the same time,the NO inhibition effect of different grades of Gardeniae Fructus samples on RAW264. 7 cells induced by LPS was determined to investigate the relationship between the quality grade and pharmacodynamics of decoction pieces. The results showed that the quality constants of Gardeniae Fructus decoction piece samples ranged from 1. 46 to 4. 42. If the percentage quality constant ≥80% was classified into first-class,50%-80%as second-class and the rest as third-class,the quality constant was ≥3. 54 for first-class,2. 21-3. 54 for second-class and <2. 21 for third-class Gardeniae Fructus decoction pieces. The pharmacodynamic results showed that the pharmacodynamic intensity was positively correlated with the grade,which also proved the rationality of the grade evaluation method of quality constant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fruit , Chemistry , Gardenia , Chemistry , Mice , Quality Control
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773176

ABSTRACT

To establish a quality constant evaluation system of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces,in order to provide reference for regulating the market circulation of this decoction pieces. A total of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were collected from different pharmaceutical factories,and the morphological parameters of each sample were tested. The content of alisol B 23-acetate in Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was determined by HPLC in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,and the parameters such as quality constant and relative quality constant were calculated. The quality constant range of 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces was 0. 390-2. 076. If 18 batches of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces were divided into 3 grades,taking 80% of the maximum quality constant as first grade,50% to 80% as second grade,and the rest as third grade,then the quality constant of firstgrade samples was ≥1. 66,the quality constant of second-grade samples was ≥1. 04 and <1. 66,and the quality constant of third-grade samples was <1. 04. The established quality constant evaluation method is objective and feasible,which can be used to classify the grade of Alismatis Rhizoma decoction pieces and provide a reference method to control the quality of this decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Alisma , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773175

ABSTRACT

The specifications of Chinese herbal medicines naturally form and exist in the circulation and use of Chinese herbal medicines.Buyers and sellers negotiate price by quality. With the increasing demand for public health care,the cultivation,processing methods and circulation of Chinese herbal medicines have changed. Under the mode of pursuing output and short-term benefits,the traditional grade evaluation method has been difficult to apply to the current quality status of the pieces. Bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus is a genuine medicinal material in Jiangxi province. It is widely used,but the quality level of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus on the market is not uniform. Quality constant method was used in this paper for grading the Chinese herbal slices of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus. Sixteen batches of different quality samples were collected and tested,and finally,eleven qualified batches of them were chosen as researcher objects. The results showed that the relative quality constant ranged from 2. 52 to 5. 60. The relative quality constant was ≥4. 48 for first grade bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,2. 80-4. 48 for the second grade pieces,and <2. 80 for the third grade pieces. The grades evaluation method for bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus established in this paper included both appearance and index composition. The results were objective,accurate,quantitative,applicable,and the method was simple to operate and easy to popularize. This study showed that the quality constant method could be applied to the grade evaluation of bran stir-baked Aurantii Fructus,providing a reference for the grade evaluation of fruit-type decoction pieces.


Subject(s)
Citrus , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fruit , Chemistry , Quality Control
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773174

ABSTRACT

Grade of Chinese medicine slices is the most clear and most direct way to characterize the quality of Chinese medicine slices,also the basis of realizing " good quality and good prices",and it can guarantee the industry health development. Therefore,grade evaluation of Chinese medicine slices( GECMS) is highly valued and has grown rapidly in the industry. In recent years,due to the comprehensive and measureable features,the Chinese medicine quality constant evaluation method has been gradually recognized and applied.The paper is to establish a method of grades evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizoma Praeparata Cum Melle( GRRPCM) based on the Chinese medicine quality constant. 20 batches of samples were collected from Chinese herbal slices enterprises and 14 batches of qualified samples were selected to determine their external morphological indexes and inner quality indexes,then their Chinese medicine quality constants were calculated and the grades were determined. The results revealed that the relative quality constant of these samples ranged from 0. 70 to 14. 08,with a percentage quality constant from 4. 95 to 100. 00. If these samples were divided into three grades: the relative quality constant shall be ≥11. 27 or percentage quality constant ≥80. 03 for the first grade; the relative quality constant shall be <11. 27 but ≥7. 04,or percentage quality constant <80. 03 and ≥49. 99 for the second grade; while for the third grade,the relative quality constant shall be <7. 04 or the percentage quality constant <49. 99. This research indicates that Chinese quality constant can be used to objectively grade the herbal slices,providing reference for grades standard development of complex processing slices. In addition,the connotation of GECMS that has evaluate the mass discrepancy is discussed for expanding application.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773173

ABSTRACT

The quality constant evaluation method was applied in the grade evaluation of Scrophulariae Radix pieces. Nineteen batches of Scrophulariae Radix were measured for the appearance index. Harpagide and harpagoside were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standard and the modern quality control index were combined to calculate the quality constant and grade Scrophulariae Radix pieces. The results showed that the quality constants ranged between 156. 75 and 491. 65; according to the percentage mass constants,more than 80% were graded as first-class pieces,50%-80% were graded as second-class pieces,and the rest were graded as third-class pieces. The quality constants of first-class Scrophulariae Radix were >393. 32,that of second-class Scrophulariae Radix was between 245. 83 and 393. 32,and that of third-class Scrophulariae Radix was < 245. 83. The study shows that this method can objectively,reasonably and effectively classify Scrophulariae Radix pieces,and further promote and apply the evaluation method of slice model quality constant to prove the rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Scrophularia , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773172

ABSTRACT

The grade of Gastrodia elata pieces is evaluated by quality constant evaluation method.Fifteen batches of G. elata pieces collected were measured for their appearance and morphological indexes. The contents of gastrodin,p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol,barrisoside A,B and E were taken as index components for the content determination. The traditional grading standards were combined with modern quality control indicators,and the quality constants were calculated to grade the pieces.The results showed that the quality constants of 15 batches of G. elata ranged between 143. 3 and 1 027. 3. If the percentage mass constant( ≥80%) was the first grade,the percentage mass constant between 50%-80% indicated the second grade,and the remaining percentage mass constant indicated the third grade. The quality constant of the first gradepieces was sality,that of the second grade pieces ranged between 513. 0-821. 0,and that of the third grade pieces was <513. 0. On the basis of the study for the grading method of quality constants,and the natural morphology and cutting characteristics of the pieces,a grading model for the quality constants of the pieces cut along texture was established,which made the method scientific,rational as well as " personalized". The model method is applied in grading G. elata pieces,so as to specify the grading method,further enrich the study data of the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces and provide a useful reference for the grading evaluation of G. elata pieces. Meanwhile,the grading method of mass constants could be further applied and promoted to prove its rationality,scientificity and practicability.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Quality Control
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773171

ABSTRACT

Quality constant is a kind of grading evaluation method of traditional Chinese medicine pieces based on the combination of traditional knowledge and modern quality control. This method has been successfully applied in the grading evaluation of Glycyrrizae Radix et Rhizome pieces and traditional Chinese medicine pieces,and with a positive influence in the industry. With Dachuanxiong Formula for example,different grades of Ligusticum chuanxiong and Gastrodia elata pieces formed high-quality,moderate and qualified Dachuanxiong Formula on the basis of the grading evaluation of the pieces,and the pharmacodynamics method was used to evaluate its efficacy. The results showed that the maximum vascular diastolic rates of Dachuanxiong Formula in the three grades were( 80. 3±5. 2) %,( 67. 0±6. 1) %and( 60. 3±6. 5) %,and the strength of pharmacodynamics was positively correlated with the grade of L. chuanxiong and G. elata pieces.The quality constant technique can objectively and quantitatively classify single decoctions,and has important correlations and prompts for the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions composed of these pieces,with important significance in promoting hierarchical management of the industry,implementing better price for high quality and defining high quality and superior effect.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Ligusticum , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry
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