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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 628-634, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012204

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of HLA-haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for hepatitis-related aplastic anemia (HRAA) patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia patients who received haplo-HSCT at our center between January 2012 and June 2022. October 30, 2022 was the final date of follow-up. Results: This study included 28 HRAA patients receiving allo-HSCT, including 18 males (64.3% ) and 10 females (35.7% ), with a median age of 25.5 (9-44) years. About 17 cases of severe aplastic anemia (SAA), 10 cases of very severe aplastic anemia (VSAA), and 1 case of transfusion-dependent aplastic anemia (TD-NSAA) were identified. Among 28 patients, 15 patients received haplo-HSCT, and 13 received MSD-HSCT. The 2-year overall survival (OS) rate, the 2-year failure-free survival (FFS) rate, the 2-year transplant-related mortality (TRM) rate, the 100-day grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) cumulative incidence rate, and the 2-year chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) cumulative incidence rate were 81.4%, 81.4% (95% CI 10.5% -20.6% ), 14.6% (95% CI 5.7% -34.3% ), 25.0% (95% CI 12.8% -45.4% ), and 4.2% (95% CI 0.6% -25.4% ), respectively. After transplantation, all patients had no significant liver function damage. Compared with the MSD-HSCT group, only the incidence of cytomegaloviremia was significantly higher in the haplo-HSCT group [60.0% (95% CI 35.2% -84.8% ) vs 7.7% (95% CI 0-22.2% ), P=0.004]. No statistically significant difference in the Epstein-Barr virus was found in the 2-year OS, 2-year FFS, 2-year TRM, and 100-day grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD cumulative incidence rates and 2-year cGVHD cumulative incidence rate. Conclusion: Allo-HSCT is safe and effective for HRAA, and haplo-HSCT can be used as a safe and effective alternative for newly diagnosed HRAA patients who cannot obtain HLA-matched sibling donors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Treatment Outcome , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Hepatitis/etiology , Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome , Transplantation Conditioning
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 472-478, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984646

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the early effect and safety of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with a 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) /myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) . Methods: From April 2021 to May 2022, 31 AML/MDS patients who received allo-HSCT with a 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen were analyzed. Results: AML (n=10), MDS-AML (n=6), CMML-AML (n=1), and MDS (n=14) were identified in 31 patients, 16 males, and 15 females, with a median age of 41 (20-55) yr. Neutrophils and platelets were successfully implanted in 31 patients (100%), with a median implantation duration of 12 (9-30) and 14 (9-42) days, respectively. During the preconditioning period, 16 patients (51.6%) developed oral mucositis, with 15 cases of Ⅰ/Ⅱ grade (48.4%) and one case of Ⅲ grade (3.2%). After transplantation, 13 patients (41.9%) developed CMV viremia, six patients (19.4%) developed hemorrhagic cystitis, and four patients (12.9%) developed a local infection. The median time of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) following transplantation was 33 (12-111) days. The cumulative incidence of aGVHD and Ⅲ/Ⅳ grade aGVHD was 41.9% (95% CI 26.9%-61.0%) and 22.9% (95% CI 13.5%-47.5%), respectively. There was no severe cGVHD, and mild and moderate chronic GVHD (cGVHD) incidence was 23.5% (95% CI 12.1%-43.6%). As of November 30, 2022, only one of the 31 patients had relapsed, with a 1-yr cumulative relapse rate (CIR) of 3.2% (95% CI 0.5%-20.7%). There was only one relapse patient death and no non-relapse deaths. The 1-yr overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates were 92.9% (95% CI 80.3%-100%) and 96.8% (95% CI 90.8%-100%), respectively. Conclusions: A 10-day decitabine-containing conditioning regimen for allo-HSCT reduced relapse and was safe and feasible in treating AML/MDS.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Decitabine , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/complications , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Recurrence , Chronic Disease , Graft vs Host Disease/etiology , Transplantation Conditioning/adverse effects , Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome , Retrospective Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1556-1561, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of rapid surgery for hip fracture in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#The published studies, expert consensus, and guidelines at home and abroad were systematically summarized from the aspects of the characteristics of aging population, the benefits of rapid surgery, the disadvantages of delayed surgery, and the recommendations of current guidelines, so as to further guide clinical practice.@*RESULTS@#Hip fracture is a common fracture type in the elderly population. As elderly patients generally have poor physique and often have a variety of underlying diseases, such as hypostatic pneumonia, bedsore, lower limb vein thrombosis, and other complications in conservative treatment, its disability rate and mortality are high, so surgical treatment is the first choice. At present, most relevant studies and expert consensus and guidelines at home and abroad support rapid surgery, that is, preoperative examination should be started immediately after admission, and adverse factors such as taking anticoagulant drugs, serious cardiovascular diseases, and severe anemia should be clearly and actively corrected, and surgery should be completed within 48 hours after admission as far as possible. Rapid surgery can not only significantly reduce the mortality of patients, but also reduce the length of hospital stay and the incidence of perioperative cognitive impairment, which is conducive to the recovery of patients with pain during hospitalization and postoperative function, and improve the prognosis of patients.@*CONCLUSION@#In order to avoid many problems caused by delayed surgery, the elderly patients with hip fracture should be operated as soon as possible under the condition of actively correcting the adverse factors. Comprehensive evaluation and preparation, the development of an individualized surgical plan, and the formation of a multidisciplinary medical team can reduce surgical risks and improve effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Hip Fractures/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Incidence , Anemia , Retrospective Studies
4.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 601-605, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984153

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To establish a carbofuran intragastric administration death model in rabbits, and to observe the postmortem distribution and postmortem redistribution of carbofuran-7-phenyl glucuronic acid (Glu-7PH) in rabbits.@*METHODS@#The postmortem distribution: Rabbits were given an administration of 1/2LD50, LD50, 2LD50 carbofuran. Dead rabbits were dissected immediately. Rabbits that had remained alive 2 hours were sacrificed by carbon dioxide (CO2) inhalation and dissected immediately. The myocardium, cardiac blood, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, brain and right hindlimb muscle were collected. The postmortem redistribution: After giving an administration of 4LD50 carbofuran, the myocardium, cardiac blood, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, brain, and right hindlimb muscle were collected at 0, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h postmortem in supine position at 15 ℃ room temperature. The quantity of Glu-7PH was determined by LC-MS/MS.@*RESULTS@#The postmortem distribution: Among the three dose groups, there were significant differences in the quantities of Glu-7PH in different tissues. The postmortem redistribution: There was no significant difference in the Glu-7PH quantities in cardiac blood, mycardium, spleen, kidney, brain and right hindlimb muscle, but there was a significant difference in the Glu-7PH quantities in the liver and lung.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The mycardium, cardiac blood, liver, lung, kidney, brain and hindlimb muscle of rabbits can be used as appropriate samples for Glu-7PH detection. However, it should be noted that Glu-7PH was redistributed postmortem in rabbit liver and lung.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Carbofuran , Chromatography, Liquid , Postmortem Changes , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Autopsy
5.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 120-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929543

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and prognosis of basiliximab in the treatment of steroid-refractory or steroid-dependent acute graft-versus-host disease (SR/SD-aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Clinical data of 87 patients with SR/SD-aGVHD in the skin, intestine, and liver after allo-HSCT at the Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital Transplantation Center from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The administration plan of basiliximab was as follows: 20 mg for adults and children weighing ≥35 kg and 10 mg for children weighing<35 kg. The drug was administered once on the 1st, 4th, and 8th days, respectively, and then once weekly. The efficacy was evaluated on the 7th, 14th, 21st, and 28th days after basiliximab treatment. Results: ①There were 51 males (58.6%) and 36 females (41.4%) , with a median (range) age of 34 (4-63) years. There were 54 cases of classic aGVHD, 33 of late aGVHD, 49 of steroid-refractory aGVHD, and 38 of steroid-dependent aGVHD. ②Thirty-five patients (40.2%) achieved complete remission (CR) , 23 (26.4%) achieved partial remission (PR) , and 29 had no remission (NR) . The total effective rate[overall response rate (ORR) ] was 66.7% (58/87) . ③The ORR of the classic and late aGVHD groups was 77.8% (42/54) and 48.5% (16/33) , respectively. ④The median (range) follow-up time was 154 (4-1813) days, the 6-month overall survival (OS) rate of the 87 patients was 44.8% (95% CI 39.5%-50.1%) and the 1-year OS was 39.4% (95%CI 34.2%-44.3%) . ⑤After treatment with basiliximab, the 6-month OS in the CR (35 cases) , PR (23 cases) , and NR (29 cases) groups was 80.0% (95%CI 73.2%-86.8%) , 39.1% (95%CI 28.9%-49.3%) , and 6.9% (95%CI 2.2%-11.6%) , respectively (χ(2)=34.679, P<0.001) , and the 1-year OS was 74.3% (95%CI 66.9%-81.7%) , 30.4% (95%CI 20.8%-40.0%) , and 3.4% (95%CI 0%-6.8%) , respectively (χ(2)=43.339, P<0.001) . The OS of the classic and late aGVHD groups was 57.4% (95%CI 50.7%-64.1%) and 24.2% (95%CI 16.7%-31.7%) , respectively (χ(2)=9.109, P=0.004) , and the 1-year OS was 51.9% (95%CI 45.1%-58.7%) and 18.2% (95%CI 11.5%-24.9%) , respectively (χ(2)=9.753, P=0.003) . ⑥Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that late aGVHD (OR=3.121, 95%CI 1.770-5.503, P<0.001) , Minnesota score high-risk group before medication (OR=3.591, 95%CI 1.931-6.679, P<0.001) , active infection before medication (OR=1.881, 95%CI 1.029-3.438, P=0.040) , and impairment of important organ function caused by non-GVHD (OR=3.100, 95%CI 1.570-6.121, P=0.001) were independent risk factors affecting the efficacy of basiliximab. Conclusion: Basiliximab has good efficacy and safety for SR/SD-aGVHD, but not in patients with late aGVHD, high-risk group of Minnesota score, and infection or impaired function of important organs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Basiliximab/therapeutic use , Graft vs Host Disease/drug therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Steroids/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 775-781, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910040

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of cortical comminution on therapeutic outcomes and postoperative complications in young patients with femoral neck fracture after fixation with femoral neck system (FNS).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 86 patients with femoral neck fracture who had been treated by FNS fixation from January 2020 to December 2020 at Department of Hip Orthopaedic Trauma, Tianjin Hospital. Of them, 41 had cortical comminution at the fracture ends of the femoral neck. They were 16 males and 25 females with a mean age of 53.0 (40.5, 57.0) years. The other 45 patients had intact cortical bone at the fracture ends of the femoral neck. They were 21 males and 24 females with a mean age of 55.0 (44.5, 62.5) years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of incidence of postoperative complications, Harris hip score, Barthel index and visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score after 6-month follow-up.Results:There were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups in baseline data or reduction mode except for fracture classification, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). In the cortical comminution group, the incidences of nonunion [17.1%(7/41)] and femoral neck shortening [29.3%(12/41)] were significantly higher than those in the cortical intact group [0% (0/45) and 11.1% (5/45)], the Harris hip score and Barthel index [82.0 (72.5, 91.5) points and 100.0 (90.0, 100.0)] at 6 months postoperatively were significantly lower than those in the cortical intact group [94.0 (88.0, 98.0) points and 100.0 (100.0, 100.0)], the VAS pain score [1.5 (0, 4.5) points] was significantly higher than that in the cortical intact group [0 (0, 1.0) points] (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the 2 groups in osteonecrosis of the femoral head or internal fixation failure ( P> 0.05). Conclusions:Cortical comminution following femoral neck fracture is a major risk factor for post-operative complications after FNS fixation, because it may seriously affect the recovery of hip function and quality of life in young patients.

7.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 26-31, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the effects of microRNA-146a (miR-146a) on the production of cytokines in lymphocytes stimulated by @*METHODS@#Lymphocytes were harvested from mouse spleen and cultured @*RESULTS@#Compared with non-LPS-stimulated group, @*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-146a can provide a suitable microenvironment for bone formation by preventing the inflammatory effects of


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cytokines , Lipopolysaccharides , Lymphocytes , MicroRNAs , Porphyromonas gingivalis
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 132-137, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012157

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients who received HLA-matched sibling donor allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (MSD-PBSCT) . Methods: The clinical data of 138 MDS patients received MSD-PBSCT from Sep. 2005 to Dec. 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and the overall survival (OS) rate, disease-free survival (DFS) rate, relapse rate (RR) , non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate and the related risk factors were explored. Results: ①After a median follow-up of 1 050 (range 4 to 4 988) days, the 3-year OS and DFS rates were (66.6±4.1) % and (63.3±4.1) %, respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of RR and NRM rates were (13.9±0.1) % and (22.2±0.1) %, respectively. ②Univariate analysis showed that patients with grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) or hematopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index (HCT-CI) ≥2 points or patients in very high-risk group of the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) had significantly decreased OS[ (42.9±13.2) %vs (72.9±4.2) %, χ(2)=8.620, P=0.003; (53.3±7.6) %vs (72.6±4.7) %, χ(2)=6.681, P=0.010; (53.8±6.8) %vs (76.6±6.2) %vs (73.3±7.7) %, χ(2)=6.337, P=0.042]. For MDS patients with excess blasts-2 (MDS-EB2) and acute myeloid leukemia patients derived from MDS (MDS-AML) , pre-transplant chemotherapy or hypomethylating agents (HMA) therapy could not improve the OS rate[ (60.4±7.8) %vs (59.2±9.6) %, χ(2)=0.042, P=0.838]. ③Multivariate analysis indicated that the HCT-CI was an independent risk factor for OS and DFS (P=0.012, HR=2.108, 95%CI 1.174-3.785; P=0.008, HR=2.128, 95%CI 1.219-3.712) . Conclusions: HCT-CI was better than the IPSS-R in predicting the outcomes after transplantation. The occurrence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD is a poor prognostic factor for OS. For patients of MDS-EB2 and MDS-AML, immediate transplantation was recommended instead of receiving pre-transplant chemotherapy or HMA therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Siblings , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 31-47, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788854

ABSTRACT

For sexual reproduction, oocytes are mammalian female germ cells that provide the majority of maternal genetic material for early stage embryo production and development. Early stage embryos begin the process of multicellular organism formation through cell differentiation. Studies on mammalian female germ cells (oocytes) not only reveal its unique physiological characteristics, but also help understand the mechanism involved in cell differentiation of other cell types. However, because it is difficult to culture in vitro, our understanding of the function of oocytes and early stage embryos remains very limited. Gene editing or manipulation is one of the most commonly used method, which is also useful in the field of gametes study. In this review, we summarized the principles, advantages and disadvantages of techniques, which include conditional knockout, RNA interference, Morpholino, Trim-Away and antibody-mediated inhibition of protein function, currently used for gene manipulation in oocytes and early stage embryos. We also discuss the issues the investigators need to consider. Finally, we highlight the future directions for gene manipulation or editing in female germ cells and early stage embryos.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 484-489, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012018

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes and prognostic factors of myelodysplasia syndrome (MDS) patients who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: 165 cases of MDS who underwent allo-HSCT from Jan. 2010 to Mar. 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, focusing on the overall survival (OS) , disease free survival (DFS) , relapse, non-relapse mortality (NRM) and their related risk factors. Results: Of all the 165 cases, 105 were male and 60 were female. The 3-year OS and DFS rate were 72.5% (95%CI 64.9%-80.1%) and 67.4% (95%CI 59.17%-75.63%) , respectively. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse and NRM were 12.11% (95%CI 7.03%-18.65%) and 20.44% (95%CI 14.15%-27.56%) , respectively. HCT-comorbidity index (P=0.042, HR=2.094, 95%CI 1.026-4.274) was identified as independent risk factor for OS by the multivariate analysis. Intensive chemotherapy before HSCT or hypomethylation agents treatment had no effects on OS[ (67.0±7.5) %vs (57.7±10.9) %, χ(2)=0.025, P=0.874]. Conclusions: allo-HSCT is a promising means for MDS, and NRM is the major cause of treatment failure. MDS with refractory anemia with excess blasts and secondary acute myeloid leukemia patients may not benefit from intensive chemotherapy or hypomethylation agents treatment before HSCT.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 467-471, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012015

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and toxicity of decitabine-based conditioning regimen in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) , acute myeloid leukemia secondary to MDS (MDS-AML) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) . Methods: From March 1, 2013 to May 25, 2015, 22 patients who underwent allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) with decitabine-based conditioning regimen were analyzed retrospectively. Results: ①22 patients, 14 males and 8 females with a median age of 42.5 (24-56) years old, were diagnosed as MDS (n=14) , CMML (n=4) , MDS-AML (n=4) . ②15 patients were treated with the conditioning regimen of decitabine combined with busulfan, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, and cytarabine, the other 7 cases were treated with decitabine, busulfan, fludarabine, and cytarabine. The dose of decitabine was 20 mg·m(-2)·d(-1) for 5 days.Rabbit anti-human anti-thymocyte globulin (2.5 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1) for 4 days) was involved in conditioning regimen in patients with unrelated donor or haploidentical transplantation. ③Except 1 patient died of infection in 2 months after transplantation, the other patients were engrafted successfully. The median time of granulocyte engraftment was 13 (12-18) days, and the median time of platelet engraftment was 16 (13-81) days. ④The incidence of acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) was (41.3±10.6) %, and severe aGVHD (grade of III-IV) was (18.4±9.7) %. The incidence of chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) was (56.4±11.3) %, and extensive cGVHD was (36.4±12.1) %. ⑤8 patients were suffered with cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia. Among the 18 patients with definitely infection, 6 occurred during myelosuppression and 12 cases occurred after hematopoietic reconstruction. The 2-year and 3-year non-relapse mortality was (13.9±7.4) % and (24.3±9.5) %, respectively. ⑥The 2-year and 3-year overall survival (OS) was (77.3±8.9) % and (67.9±10.0) %, respectively. The 2-year and 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS) was (72.7±9.5) % and (63.6±10.3) %, respectively. Conclusions: allo-HSCT with decitabine-based conditioning regimen is feasible in the treatment of MDS, MDS-AML or CMML.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Busulfan , Decitabine , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 460-466, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012014

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched unrelated donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (MUD-HSCT) for adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in a single center. Methods: Consecutive adult AML who received MUD-HSCT in our center from January 2008 to April 2017 were studied retrospectively, comparing with patients undergoing matched sibling donor (MSD) -HSCT in the same period. The rates of overall survival (OS) , disease free survival (DFS) , relapse, non-relapse mortality (NRM) , engraftment, acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD and cGVHD) were analyzed. Results: A total of 247 consecutive cases were enrolled, including 46 patients with MUD-HSCT and 201 with MSD-HSCT. All the patients experienced neutrophil engraftment except for one patient who died early in the MSD group, but the median day of engraftment was longer in the MUD group (15.0 vs 14.0, P=0.017) . The accumulative engraftment rate of platelet was comparable between the two groups (93.5%vs 98.0%, P=0.128) . The accumulative incidences of aGVHD (50.0%vs 46.3%, P=0.421) and cGVHD (37.8%vs 43.0%, P=0.581) were not statistically different between the two groups. Compared with the MSD group, the accumulative NRM rate at+36 months after transplantation was significantly higher in the MUD group (22.0%vs 10.4%, P=0.049) , while the relapse rate was not statistical difference (20.5 vs 28.3%, P=0.189) . Both the 3-year OS (61.6%vs 63.3%, P=0.867) and DFS (57.5%vs 61.6%, P=0.760) were comparable between the two groups. Four independent risk factors were confirmed by the multivariate analysis: patient age ≥45 years old, CR2 or NR before transplantation, a history of extramedullary infiltration and the occurrence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD. No statistical differences were demonstrated in the survival rate between MUD-and MSD-HSCT in different subgroups. Conclusions: The outcomes, such as GVHD, relapse, OS and DFS, were comparable between MUD-and MSD-HSCT for adult AML, but higher incidence of NRM and longer time to neutrophil engraftment in the MUD group. MUD-HSCT is practical and feasible for adult AML who are lack of MSD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Siblings , Unrelated Donors
13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 527-528, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805326

ABSTRACT

Ectopic thyroid gland is a kind of congential deformity which occurs during thyroid embryo development. Combined with this case, our study introduced the diagnosis, treatment process and the postoperative outcome of "intracardiac ectopic thyroid" in the case, discussed the causes of this kind of disease from the perspective of tissue and embryo, and summarized the basic characteristics of this disease. Through the research and analysis of our study, we come to the conclusion and wish to offer some suggestions: although this disease is relatively rare, it should also be paid attention to to avoid misdiagnosis and mistreatment if encountered middle-age female patients with the intracardiac mass located in the right ventricle outflow tract.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 527-528, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823656

ABSTRACT

Ectopic thyroid gland is a kind of congential deformity which occurs during thyroid embryo de-velopment. Combined with this case, our study introduced the diagnosis, treatment process and the postoperative outcome of "intracardiac ectopic thyroid" in the case, discussed the causes of this kind of disease from the per-spective of tissue and embryo, and summarized the basic characteristics of this disease. Through the research and analysis of our study, we come to the conclusion and wish to offer some suggestions: although this disease is rela-tively rare, it should also be paid attention to to avoid misdiagnosis and mistreatment if encountered middle-age female patients with the intracardiac mass located in the right ventricle outflow tract.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 277-282, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774323

ABSTRACT

Mitochondria are double-membrane organelles existing only in eukaryotic cells. Mitochondria perform various important functions,such as producing energy,regulating signal transduction,and contributing to stress response. Recent studies have highlighted an important role of mitochondria in the determination of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) fate. Limited biogenesis or timely clearance of mitochondria is an important way against oxidative stress,which favors the quiescence of HSC. Accumulation of mitochondria may lead to proliferation of HSC,even the aging of HSC. Mitochondrial signaling regulates Ca concentration,which is essential for HSC differentiation. This review summarizes the current findings of the mitochondrial roles in HSC quiescence,self-renewal,lineage differentiation and aging.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Mitochondria , Oxidative Stress
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 932-936, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic significance of early phase full donor chimerism (FDC) after myeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (allo-PBSCT). Methods: The clinical data of 72 hematological patients received myeloablative allo-PBSCT from Feb. 2016 to Jul. 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The median age was 36.5 years (range 4-59), 44 were males and 28 females. Of the donors, there were 35 HLA matched sibling donors, 27 haploidentical donors and 10 unrelated donors. Polymerase chain reaction amplification of short tandem repeat sequence (PCR-STR) was used to detect donor cell chimerism (DC) rate of recipient bone marrow at one, two and three months after transplantation. Results: The median follow-up was 462 d (range: 47-805 d), 55 cases were still alive, and 45 cases were disease-free survival (DFS) at the end of follow-up. The 2-year overall survival (OS) and DFS were (68.9±7.7)% and (59.5±6.3)%, respectively. A number of 16 cases underwent relapses, with 2-year cumulative incidence of (24.1±5.3)%. The median time of recurrence was 157(32-374) d. Forty cases (55.6%) developed acute graft-versus-host diseases (aGVHD), with median time of 35.5 (13-90) d. Chronic GVHD (cGVHD) occurred in 23 patients (31.9%), with median time of 169 (94-475) d. Univariate analysis found the following factors were not related to OS, DFS or relapse rate (RR), including age, sex, blood type and sex of donor-recipient, occurrence of aGVHD and cGVHD. The OS and DFS in cases reached FDC and no FDC at two months after transplantation were (85.2±6.9)% vs (66.1±7.7)% (P=0.051) and (76.7±7.7)% vs (48.9±8.1)% (P=0.021), respectively. The RR rate in FDC group was lower than that in no FDC group [(16.6±6.8)% vs (30.4±7.8)%, P=0.187, respectively]. Conclusion: The present study confirmed the important value for predicting the prognosis with whether or not the patients reached FDC at the early phase after allo-PBSCT. The OS and DFS in cases with FDC at two months after transplantation were significantly higher than those of no FDC patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chimerism , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 634-640, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011829

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with FLT3-ITD mutation. Methods: From September 2008 to December 2016, 40 AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation were enrolled in the study. The therapeutic process, outcomes and prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The median of WBC at initial diagnosis was 35.0 (range 1.7-185.0) ×10(9)/L. The median course number of chemotherapy was 4 (range 2-7). At the time of transplantation, 34 patients were at the first complete remission (CR(1)) stage, and the other 6 ones were non-remission after chemotherapy. 24 patients received allogeneic transplants from an HLA-matched sibling donor, 7 cases from a HLA-matched unrelated donor, the remaining 9 ones received allograft from a haploidentical donor. The rate of 3-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) in all patients were both 74.3% (95% CI 60.4%-88.2%). The 3-year cumulative incidences of disease relapse and non-relapse mortality were 7.5% (95%CI 1.9%-18.4%) and 18.2% (95% CI 7.9%-32.0%), respectively. More than one course of chemotherapy before achieving CR(1) and the occurrence of acute GVHD after transplantation were associated with poor outcome in terms of OS and DFS. The relapse rates were significantly lower in patients receiving transplantation at CR(1) stage [0 vs 50.0% (95%CI 77.7%-82.9%) , P<0.001] and achieving CR(1) after one course induction therapy [0 vs 16.7% (95%CI 3.9%-37.3%) , P=0.020]. Conclusions: Allo-HSCT was an efficient approach for AML patients with FLT3-ITD mutation. Patients obtained better survival, especially for those achieving CR after one course induction therapy and receiving transplantation at CR(1) stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 292-298, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011748

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effectiveness of a novel GVHD prophylaxis regimen containing low-dose anti-T lymphocyte globulin (ATG) in patients undergoing peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) from HLA-matched sibling donors (MSD) given both the patients and donors were aged over forty years old. Methods: From March 2013 to April 2017, 98 patients with hematologic malignancies were enrolled in the study. Standard GVHD prophylaxis consisted of the administration of cyclosporine A/tacrolimus and a short course of methotrexate. In ATG group, 43 patients received low-dose rabbit ATG (Sanofi, 1.5 mg/kg per day for 3 consecutive days) before PBSCT. A retrospective matched-pair analysis was performed and 55 matched controls were available. The therapeutic process and clinical outcome were retrospectively analyzed. Results: ①Neutrophil engraftment was achieved earlier in ATG group than the control one [13(11-17)d vs 14(12-24)d, P=0.001]. The time to platelet engraftment was similar between the two groups [14(11-43)d vs 15(11-42)d, P=0.071]. ②The cumulative incidence of aGVHD was significantly lower in ATG group [25.6% (95%CI 13.7%-39.3%) vs 49.1% (95%CI 35.2%-61.6%), P=0.018]. The incidences of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD [18.6% (95%CI 8.6%-31.5%) vs 23.6% (95%CI 13.4%-35.6%), P=0.509] and cGVHD [49.6% (95% CI 31.6%-65.3%) vs 56.4% (95% CI 41.4%-69.0%), P=0.221] were not significantly different between the two groups. ③The 1-year cumulative incidence of CMV viremia was similar between the two groups [21.1%(95%CI 10.3%-34.5%) vs 31.1% (95%CI 18.8%-44.2%), P=0.429]. ④The cumulative incidences of disease relapse [24.0%(95%CI 11.5%-38.9%) vs 24.0% (95% CI 12.1%-38.2%), P=0.608), non-relapse mortality [10.2% (95% CI 3.1%-22.1%) vs 21.6% (95% CI 9.4%-37.0%), P=0.411] and DFS [65.8% (95%CI 50.3%-81.3%) vs 54.4% (95%CI 37.7%-71.1%), P=0.955] were comparable between the two groups. 2-year overall survival (OS) was significantly better in ATG group than the control one [83.8% (95% CI 71.8%-90.0%) vs 58.0% (95% CI 42.2%-73.9%), P=0.019]. Conclusion: The addition of low-dose ATG decreased the incidence of aGVHD and improved OS. The incidences of viral infections and disease relapse remained to be similar between the two groups. These results suggested that elderly patients undergoing MSD-PBSCT may benefit from this low-dose ATG containing GVHD prophylaxis regimen.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Rabbits , Antilymphocyte Serum , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 190-195, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011723

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of donor-specific HLA antibodies(DSA) for graft failure in un-manipulated haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(haplo-HSCT) and the feasible treatment for DSA. Methods: HLA antibodies were examined using the Luminex-based single Ag assay for 92 patients who were going on haplo-SCT and the correlations of graft failure and DSA among the patients who had finished SCT were analyzed. Results: Of the total 92 patients who were going on haplo-HSCT, sixteen (17.4%) patients were HLA Ab-positive, including six (6.5%) patients with antibodies corresponding to donor HLA Ags (DSA-positive). Among the patients who had finished the haplo-HSCT with conventional myeloablative conditioning regimen, the engraftment rate was significantly higher in DSA (-) patients than that in DSA (+) patients [92.3% (24/26) vs 25.0%(1/4), χ2=8.433, P=0.004] and DSA was the only factor relevant with graft failure in multiple-factor analysis [OR=12.0(95% CI 1.39-103.5), P=0.024]. Strategies to decrease antibody levels were taken for 4 patients, two were their first transplantations, and the other two patients were their second haplo-HSCT. Three of the four patients were HLA-I-DSA positive and had gained donor engraftment by means of donor platelet transfusions to decreased the level of DSA, the fourth patient with both HLA-I and HLA-II DSA also gained engraftment with the treatments of TBI, rituximab and donor platelet transfusion. Conclusion: DSA is one of the key factors of graft failure in haplo-HSCT. Donors should be selected on the basis of an evaluation of HLA antibodies before transplantation. If haplo-HSCT from donors with DSA must be performed, then recipients should be treated for DSA to improve the chances of successful engraftment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies , Graft vs Host Disease , HLA Antigens , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Tissue Donors , Transplantation Conditioning
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 22-27, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011680

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare eficacy and safety of porcine antihuman lymphocyte immunoglobulin (pALG) and rabbit antithymocyte immunoglobulin (rATG) as a part of alternative donor allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AD allo-HSCT) for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). Methods: The clinical data of 46 SAA patients received AD allo-HSCT from January 2006 to November 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The cohort of patients were divided into two groups based on rATG or pALG as a part of conditioning regimen to compare implantation rate, transplantation related complications and outcome. Results: In rATG group 30 patients achieved ANC reconstitution, 27 patients achieved PLT reconstitution. In pALG group all 16 patients achieved ANC and PLT reconstitutions. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (P=0.475), Ⅲ-Ⅳ grade aGVHD (P=0.876), chronic GVHD (cGVHD) (P=0.309), extensive cGVHD (P=0.687), graft rejection (GR) (P=0.928), bloodstream infection (P=0.443), invasive fungal disease (P=0.829), cytomegalovirus viremia (P=0.095) respectively. Prospective 5-year overall survival (OS) in rATG and pALG groups were (75.1±8.2)% and (53.6±13.3)% with median follow-up of 14(2-102) and 23(4-63) months, respectively (P=0.190). Conclusion: As a part of conditioning regimen, pALG could achieve similar efficacy as rATG, without increasing the incidences of transplantation complications such as GVHD, GR and infection, in the setting of AD allo-HSCT for SAA patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rabbits , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphocytes , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Swine , Treatment Outcome
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