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1.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1094-1098, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the activation function of specific tumor polypeptide for dendritic cell vaccine on lymphocytes proliferation, production of cytokines and killing activity in vitro by using dendritic cells as antigen presenting vector.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood dendritic cells (DC) and cytokine-induced killer (CIK) were isolated and cultured by adherent culture method; CCK-8 method was used to assess the proliferation function of lymphocytes and the killing function of lymphocytes to tumor cells; enzyme-linked immunospot assay method was used to evaluate the secretion function of cytokines. The experiment was divided into tumor polypeptide group (peptide with DC-CIK), DC-CIK group and CIK group.@*RESULTS@#With presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in the culture system, the lymphocyte proliferation of the three groups was obvious. The absorbance at 450 nm of tumor polypeptide group was significantly higher than that of CIK group at the time points day 4 and day 6 (day 4: Z=-3.79, P < 0.001; day 6: Z =-2.95, P < 0.01). The absorbance at 450 nm of group tumor polypeptide was significantly higher than that of DC-CIK group on day 4 (Z=-2.02, P < 0.05). Without IL-2 in the culture system, lymphocytes proliferated slowly in all the three groups, and there was no significant difference in 450 nm absorbance at each time point. The levels of IL-4 (Z=-2.61, P < 0.01), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulation factor (GM-CSF, Z=-3.85, P < 0.001), interferon- γ (IFN- γ, Z=-3.56, P < 0.001) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-ɑ, Z=-3.40, P < 0.001) of tumor polypeptide group were higher than those of CIK group. There was no significant difference in the production of cytokines except IL-4 (Z=-2.15, P < 0.05) when tumor polypeptide group was compared with DC-CIK group. The production of IFN-γ (Z=-2.44, P < 0.05), TNF-ɑ (Z=-2.26, P < 0.05) and GM-CSF (Z=-3.73, P < 0.001) in DC-CIK group were higher than those of CIK group. Although there was no significant difference in killing activity between tumor polypeptide group, DC-CIK group and CIK group at hour 18 and hour 24, and the killing activity of tumor polypeptide group was higher than that of the other two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Tumor peptide combined with dendritic cells can improve the proliferation activity of CIK cells in vitro, and increase the secretion of several cytokines.


Subject(s)
Dendritic Cells , Peptides
2.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1205-1210, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857942

ABSTRACT

Sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) are the major transcription factors regulating cholesterol, fatty acid and triglyceride biosynthesis and control the expression of key genes such as lipogenesis and uptake. In this review, we summarize the processing of SREBPs and their interactions with insulin, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and liver X receptor (LXR) for the synthesis and metabolism of lipid, and combine the latest researches to illustrate the function of SREBPs. These findings suggest that inhibition of SREBPs can be a new strategy for the treatment of metabolic diseases, such as type Ⅱ diabetes, insulin resistance, fatty liver, atherosclerosis and tumors.

3.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 312-315, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264582

ABSTRACT

A set of universal loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) primers targeting the fla gene was designed to detect Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (B. burgdorferi s.l.) in human samples. The sensitivity of LAMP was 20 copies/reaction, and the assay did not detect false positives among 11 other related bacteria. A positive LAMP result was obtained for 9 of the 24 confirmed cases and for 12 of 94 suspected cases. The positive rate of LAMP was the same as that of nested PCR. The LAMP is a useful diagnostic method that can be developed for rapid detection of B. burgdorferi s.l. in human sera. Combination of the LAMP and nested PCR was more sensitive for detecting B. burgdorferi s.l. in human serum samples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Borrelia burgdorferi Group , Genetics , China , DNA, Bacterial , Genetics , Lyme Disease , Diagnosis , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Methods , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
4.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1192-1195, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458190

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT:Nested‐PCR and loop‐mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) were applied to identify the Borrelia burg‐dor f eri (B .burgdor f eri) in ticks in this study .A total of 112 adult ixodes were collected from vegetation in a forest area and farm animals in Xunhua County ,Qinghai Province and Xinbin County ,Liaoning Province .The ticks were examined for the presence of B .burgdorferi by nested‐PCR and LAMP .Results showed that 12 in 51 samples were found positive in Xunhua County (23 .53% ) .While positive rate in Xinbin County was 29 .51% with 18 samples positive in 61 samples .In total of 112 tick samples ,the PCR‐positive rate was 17 .86% with 20 positive samples identified ,whereas 15 positive samples were con‐firmed with positive rate of 13 .39 % by LAMP assay .There was no significant difference between the two assays (Х2 =0 .85 , P>0 .05) .Results suggest that both nested‐PCR and LAMP could be used in identifying B .burgdorferi in ticks .Combina‐tion of these two assays could improve the testing results .This is the first report of B .burgdorferi in ticks in Xunhua and Xinbin counties ,and helps to complete the database of the infection rate of B .burgdor f eri in ticks in the widely‐forested area of China .

5.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 665-675, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-270552

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Human Lyme Borreliosis (LB), which is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (B. burgdorferi), has been identified as a major arthropod-borne infectious disease in China. We aimed to develop a multiple locus variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) analysis (MLVA) assay for the genotyping of Borrelia burgdorferi strains detected in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>B. garinii PBi complete 904.246 kb chromosome and two plasmids (cp26 and lp54) were screened by using Tandem Repeats Finder program for getting potential VNTR loci, the potential VNTR loci were analyzed and identified with PCR and the VNTR loci data were analyzed and MLVA clustering tree were constrcted by using the categorical coefficient and the unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means (UPGMA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We identified 5 new VNTR loci through analyzing 47 potential VNTR loci. We used the MLVA protocol to analyse 101 B. burgdorferi strains detected in China and finally identified 51 unique genotypes in 4 major clusters including B. burgdorferi sensu stricto (B.b.s.s), B. garinii, B. afzelii, and B. valaisiana, consistent with the current MLSA phylogeny studies. The allele numbers of VNTR-1, VNTR-2, VNTR-3, VNTR-4, and VNTR-5 were 7, 3, 9, 7, and 6. The Hunter-Gaston index (HGI) of five VNTR loci were 0.79, 0.22, 0.77, 0.71, and 0.67, respectively. The combined HGI of five VNTR loci was 0.96. Clustering of the strains of Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang was confirmed, and this situation was consistent with the close geographical distribution of those provinces.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MLVA protocol esytablished in this study is easy and can show strains' phylogenetic relationships to distinguish the strains of Borrelia species. It is useful for further phylogenetic and epidemiological analyses of Borrelia strains.</p>


Subject(s)
Borrelia burgdorferi Group , Genetics , China , Genotyping Techniques , Minisatellite Repeats
6.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 185-189, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320352

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Lyme disease and Human granulocytic anaplasmosis are tick-borne diseases caused by Borrelia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum respectively. We have investigated infection and co-infection of the two diseases in the population of forest areas of eight provinces in China by measuring seroprevalence of antibodies against B. burgdorferi and A. phagocytophilum.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forest areas in 8 provinces were chosen for investigation using whole sampling and questionnaire survey methods. 3 669 serum samples from people in the forest areas were tested for the presence of antibodies by indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seroprevalence against B. burgdorferi was 3% to 15% and against A. phagocytophilum was 2% to 18% in the study sites in the 8 provinces in China. We also found co-infection of B. burgdorferi and A. phagocytophilum in 7 of the 8 provinces (the exception being the Miyun area in Beijing). The seroprevalence for both B. burgdorferi and A. phagocytophilum was significantly higher among people exposed to ticks than among people who were not exposed to ticks.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We conclude that both pathogens are endemic in the forest areas in the eight provinces, but the prevalence of B. burgdorferi and A. phagocytophilum differs between the provinces.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anaplasma phagocytophilum , Virulence , Anaplasmosis , Blood , Epidemiology , Borrelia burgdorferi , Virulence , China , Coinfection , Lyme Disease , Blood , Epidemiology , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Tick-Borne Diseases , Blood , Epidemiology , Trees
7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 190-200, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320351

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the technique of Western blot for the diagnosis of Lyme disease caused by Borrelia afzelii in China and to establish the standard criteria by operational procedure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>FP1, which is the representative strain of B. afzelii in China, was analyzed by SDS-PAGE, electro transfer and immunoblotting assays. The molecular weights of the protein bands of FP1 were analyzed by Gel-Pro analysis software. In a study using 451 serum samples (159 patients with Lyme disease and 292 controls), all observed bands were recorded. The accuracy of the WB as a diagnostic test was established by using the ROC curve and Youden index.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Criteria for a positive diagnosis of Lyme disease were established as at least one band of P83/100, P58, P39, OspB, OspA, P30, P28, OspC, P17, and P14 in the IgG test and at least one band of P83/100, P58, P39, OspA, P30, P28, OspC, P17, and P41 in the IgM test. For IgG criteria, the sensitivity, specificity and Youden index were 69.8%, 98.3%, and 0.681, respectively; for IgM criteria, the sensitivity, specificity and Youden index were 47%, 94.2%, and 0.412, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Establishment of WB criteria for B. afzelii is important in validating the diagnostic assays for Lyme disease in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Methods , Borrelia burgdorferi Group , Virulence , China , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lyme Disease , Diagnosis , Microbiology
8.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 584-591, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320300

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To optimize the performance of Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE) for the comparison of inter-laboratory results and information exchange of Borrelia burgdorferi subtyping.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A panel of 34 strains of B. burgdorferi were used to optimize PFGE for subtyping. In order to optimize the electrophoretic parameters (EPs), all 34 strains of B. burgdorferi were analyzed using four EPs, yielding different Simpson diversity index (D) values and the epidemiological concordance was also evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The EP of a switch time of 1 s to 25 s for 13 h and 1 s to 10 s for 6 h produced the highest D value and was declared to be optimal for MluI and SmaI PFGE of B. burgdorferi. MluI and SmaI were selected as the first and second restriction enzymes for PFGE subtyping of B. burgdorferi according to discrimination and consistency with epidemiological data.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PFGE can be used as a valuable test for routine genospecies identification of B. burgdorferi.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Bacterial Proteins , Metabolism , Bacterial Typing Techniques , Borrelia burgdorferi , Classification , Genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Metabolism , Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific , Metabolism , Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field , Ixodes
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 427-433, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323024

ABSTRACT

Liver X receptor (LXR), a member of the superfamily of nuclear receptors, plays an important role in the activation of transcription factors involved in cholesterol metabolism, glucose homeostasis inflammation and lipogenesis. It is shown that LXR agnoists have the potentiality to be used as drugs for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, which is its best investigated therapeutic indication. There are many compounds being studied in preclinical evaluation and biological assay. This paper will review briefly the LXR agonists in recent years.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Metabolism , Amines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Atherosclerosis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Benzimidazoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cholesterol , Pharmacology , Glucose , Pharmacology , Lipid Metabolism , Lipogenesis , Liver X Receptors , Orphan Nuclear Receptors , Physiology , Quinolines , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 , Metabolism
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 589-593, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314538

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hemocoagulase Agkistrodon for injection is a single component thrombin which has passed phases I and II clinical trials. The purpose of this phase III clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of Hemocoagulase Agkistrodon on hemostasis and coagulation in abdominal skin and subcutaneous incisions and to assess the safety of this agent in surgical patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This is a phase III, prospective, randomized, double-blind, and controlled multicenter clinical trial including 432 consecutive patients randomized into either a study group (injected with hemocoagulase Agkistrodon at 2 U, n = 324) or a control group (injected with hemocoagulase Atrox, n = 108). The hemostatic time, hemorrhagic volume, hemorrhagic volume per unit area, blood coagulation, and adverse events were measured and compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean hemostatic time in the study group was (36.8 +/- 18.7) seconds; the hemorrhagic volume was (3.77 +/- 3.93) g; and the hemorrhagic volume per unit area was (0.091 +/- 0.125) g/cm(2). In the control group, the corresponding values were (38.1 +/- 19.7) seconds, (4.00 +/- 4.75) g, and (0.095 +/- 0.101) g/cm(2), respectively. No significant difference in values existed between the two groups (P > 0.05). Blood coagulation results and hepatic and renal function were also similar between the two groups. Adverse events were reported in two cases, but were deemed non-drug-related.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hemocoagulase Agkistrodon has good hemostatic and coagulative function and is safe for the use of arresting capillary hemorrhage that occurs while incising the abdomen during surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdomen , General Surgery , Agkistrodon , Batroxobin , Pharmacology , Blood Coagulation , Double-Blind Method , Evidence-Based Medicine , Hemostasis , Hemostatics , Pharmacology , Prospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1346-1348, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295975

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the carrying status of Borrelia burgdorferi in ticks from the mountain areas from six representative provinces, including Jilin, Shanxi, Gansu, Qinghai,Guizhou and Hunan in China. Methods Flagging and trapping methods were used to collect ticks in forest area and culture medium was used to isolate the pathogen. Nested-PCR was used to detect the gem-carrying rate of ticks. Results More than 2200 ticks from six representative provinces were collected and 1000 ticks were used to isolate the pathogen. 13 Lyme disease spirochetes from ixodes persulcatus in Changbai, Jilin province and 9 Lyme disease spirochetes from ixodes granulatus in Daozhen, Guizhou province were identified. There were 1255 ticks used for PCR testing. Specific fragments of the Borrelia burgdorferi in ticks were found from the six representative provinces in China. The carrier rate was higher in Jilin (Changbai 27.08%, Tonghua 20.41% ), Qinghai (Huzhu 25.06%, Huangnan 21.11%)and Guizhou (Daozhen 25.63% ), than in Shanxi (Yuanqu 4.72%,Jiaocheng 3.64% ). Result from the sequence analysis showed that the genotype belong to Borrelia garinii in Jilin, Qinghai, Gansu, Shanxi provinces but Borrelia valaisiana in Guizhou and Hunan provinces. Conclusion Our data showed that there existed Lyme disease spirochetes in all the six representative provinces in China, but the carriying rates of ticks were different. Borrelia garinii was found in Shanxi province, and Borrelia valaisiana in Hunan province.

12.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 341-349, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306919

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Western blotting (WB; immunoblotting) is a widely used tool for the serodiagnosis of Lyme borreliosis (LB), but so far, no generally accepted criteria for its performance and interpretation have been established in China. The present study was designed to determine the criteria for standardized Western blot for the predominant species of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in China, in which WB was produced with strain PD₉₁ as the representative strain attributed to predominant genospecies Borrelia garinii of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Approximately 13 bands between 14 and 100 kD were differentiated for strain PD₉₁ by using Gel-Pro analysis software. In a study with 631 serum samples (taken from 127 patients with Lyme borreliosis and 504 controls), all observed bands were documented. To establish criteria for a positive WB result for strain PD₉₁, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The following interpretation criteria were recommended: for IgG, at least one band of P83/100, P58, P39, P30, OspC, P17, P66, and OspA; for IgM, at least one band of P83/100, P58, OspA, P30, OspC, P17 or P41. In addition, syphilis, leptospirosis and other related diseases should be excluded when the positive band is P41 in IgM. For IgG criteria, the sensitivity is 73.2%, the specificity is 99.4% and Youden index is 0.726; for IgM criteria, the sensitivity is 50.6%, the specificity is 93.1% and Youden index is 0.437.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Standardization of WB assays is necessary for comparison of results from different laboratories. Moreover, the criteria of other genospecies of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato should be determined in the future to complete the criteria of WB for the diagnosis of the Lyme disease in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Bacterial , Blood , Blotting, Western , Reference Standards , Borrelia burgdorferi , Allergy and Immunology , China , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Immunoglobulin M , Blood , Lyme Disease , Blood , Diagnosis , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 70-73, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232378

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the fact that the east border of Heilongjiang had been a lyme disease natural focus,we investigated the species and distribution of ticks and isolated bacteria from ticks and identified genomic species of Borrelia burdorferi sensu lato. This study provided evidence for prevention and control of lyme disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ticks were caught by flagging method and Direct immunofluorescence method was used to detect the rate of bacteria borne by the tick. BSK UI culture medium was used to isolate the agent and Specific McAbs were used to identify the bacteria. SDS-PAGE protein profile and PCR-RFLP method were also used to identify the species of Spirochetes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ticks, collected from China-Russia border of east Heilongiiang province were classified including Ixodes persulcatus Schulze, Dermacentor sivarum Olener, Haemaphysalis concinna Kock,and Haemaphysalis japonica Kock. We found that the distributon of ticks was different under different circumstances and the predominant species were also different in different ports. The rate of bacteria borne by Iodes persulaatus Schulze was 31.4% ,by Dermacentor sivarum Olener and Haemaphysalis concinna Kock were 2.2% and 3.8%, respectively. However,it was negative for Haenaphysalis japonica Kock. Spirochetes isolated from Ixodes persulcatus Schulze were collected from Dongning and Tongjiang while Genomic species of Spirochetes, isolated from ticks of the border belonged to B. garinii.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All the results showed that the east border of Heilongjiang province was the natural focus of lyme disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Arachnid Vectors , Classification , Microbiology , Borrelia burgdorferi , Classification , Genetics , China , Lyme Disease , Microbiology , Russia , Ticks , Classification , Microbiology
14.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 43-45, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319062

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the correlation of prime colonization time of Mutans Streptococci and feeding habits in infants.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eighty children (aged 6-24 months) from Shenyang city were examined for the colonization of MS Related items were registered by completed questionnaires.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The study showed a correlation between prime colonization time and feeding mode, breast feeding, feeding frequency during bedtime, asleep habits.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Advocating reasonable feeding mode and asleep habits is effective to interdict or delay MS's colonization and transmission in child to prevent caries.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Bottle Feeding , Breast Feeding , Colony Count, Microbial , Dental Caries , Feeding Behavior , Mouth , Microbiology , Streptococcus mutans , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 783-786, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247475

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the cloning and expression of flagellin gene from Chinese Borrelia burgdorferi, PD91 strain and to evaluate the feasibility of using recombinant protein as diagnostic antigen when comparing the gene sequence with flagellin gene from North American Borrelia burgdorferi B31.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The piece of genes coding flagellin from Chinese Borrelia burgdorferi PD91 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was obtained, and constructed recombinant plasmid, before transformed into E. coli BL21 strain, and induced. The recombinant plasmid was identified with enzyme cutoff and gene sequence comparison. Efficient expression strain was selected and the expression product was analyzed with sodium amplified polymorphic-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western-blot method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The recombinant protein (r-flagellin) expressed in host bacteria was successful. By means of western-blot assay, the immunological response showed the same antigenicity between r-flagellin and PD91 flagellin. The piece of genes coding flagellin of PD91 was 1011 bp, but when comparing with that of North American Borrelia burgdorferi it showed 94.70% homology. Homology between the sequence of amino acid of the r-flagellin and that of B31 flagellin was 95.85%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Flagellin gene of Borrelia garinii of Chinese Lyme disease spirochete was successfully cloned and expressed for the first time. It was proved that the immunoreactivity of r-flagellin was the same as the natural flagellin.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Borrelia burgdorferi , Genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Flagellin , Genetics , Lyme Disease , Microbiology , Molecular Sequence Data , Plasmids , Genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics
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