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1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 769-776, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985821

ABSTRACT

Objective: To verify the feasibility and accuracy of the transanal multipoint full-layer puncture biopsy (TMFP) technique in determining the residual status of cancer foci after neoadjuvant therapy (nCRT) in rectal cancer. Methods: Between April 2020 and November 2022, a total of 78 patients from the Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University, the Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University, the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, the Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University with advanced rectal cancer received TMFP after nCRT participated in this prospective multicenter trial. There were 53 males and 25 females, aged (M(IQR)) 61 (13) years (range: 35 to 77 years). The tumor distance from the anal verge was 5 (3) cm (range: 2 to 10 cm). The waiting time between nCRT and TMFP was 73 (26) days (range: 33 to 330 days). 13-point transanal puncture was performed with a 16 G tissue biopsy needle with the residual lesion as the center. The specimens were submitted for independent examination and the complications of the puncture were recorded. The consistency of TMFP and radical operation specimen was compared. The consistency of TMPF with clinical remission rates for the diagnosis of complete pathological remission was compared by sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value and accuracy. Statistical analysis between groups was performed using the χ2 analysis, and a paired χ2 test was used to compare diagnostic validity. Results: Before TMFP, clinical complete response (cCR) was evaluated in 27 cases. Thirty-six cases received in vivo puncture, the number of punctures in each patient was 13 (8) (range: 4 to 20), 24 cases of tumor residue were found in the puncture specimens. The sensitivity to judgment (100% vs. 60%, χ2=17.500, P<0.01) and accuracy (88.5% vs. 74.4%, χ2=5.125, P=0.024) of TMFP for the pathologic complete response (pCR) were significantly higher than those of cCR. Implement TMFP based on cCR judgment, the accuracy increased from 74.4% to 92.6% (χ2=4.026, P=0.045). The accuracy of the in vivo puncture was 94.4%, which was 83.3% of the in vitro puncture (χ2=1.382, P=0.240). Overall, the accuracy of TMFP improved gradually with an increasing number of cases (χ2=7.112, P=0.029). Conclusion: TMFP is safe and feasible, which improves the sensitivity and accuracy of rectal cancer pCR determination after nCRT, provides a pathological basis for cCR determination, and contributes to the safe development of the watch and wait policy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 738-743, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985816

ABSTRACT

Currently, the standard of clinical complete response (cCR) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for local advanced rectal cancer generally lacks pathological examination, the cCR judged by the current standard is still far from the real pathological complete response. After nCRT, due to the presence of tissue edema and fibrosis, MRI is highly uncertain in determining the staging of local lesions. The precision of colonoscopy biopsy is generally low because residual cancer foci exist primarily in the muscular layer, which limits the determination of cCR by colonoscopy biopsy. Local excision through the anus can resect the whole intestinal wall tissue, which is relatively accurate and close to the real state of remission of the lesion, but there are many problems, such as affecting anal function, high rate of complications, and increased difficulty of following radical surgery. Based on the present diagnosis of cCR, the authors put forward the concept of modified cCR (m-cCR) which combined with the pathological standard of transanal multipoint full-layer puncture biopsy (TMFP). It is possible to improve the accuracy of cCR, and improve the safety of cCR patients who receive wait-and-watch therapy without increasing complications or affecting anal function. The exact conclusion needs to be confirmed by further studies.

3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 595-602, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986825

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the long-term outcomes of intersphincteric (trans-internal and external) sphincter resection (ISR) and abdominoperineal proctocolectomy (APR) for low-grade rectal cancer. Methods: We used a meta-analytic approach to compare these procedures . Published reports comparing ISR and APR for low rectal cancer in Pubmed, Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane, China Knowledge Network (CNKI), China Biomedical Literature Database, and Vipers databases between January 2005 and January 2023 were searched and those meeting the eligibility criteria were selected for extraction of data for analysis. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) all reports comparing ISR and APR for low rectal cancer before January 2023; and (2) prospective randomized controlled studies or well-designed cohort studies. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) full text not available; (2) duplicate publications, missing primary outcome indicators, and unknown data; and (3) invalid statistical analysis. Results: Sixteen studies with 2498 patients were included in this study. Compared with the APR group, patients in the ISR group were relatively younger (weighted mean difference [WMD]=-1.82, 95%CI=-2.94 to -0.70, P=0.01), had tumors farther from the anal verge (WMD=0.43, 95%CI=0.18 to 0.67, P<0.01), and lower pathological T-stage (T3-4 stage: OR=0.54, 95%CI=0.36 to 0.81, P<0.01). In contrast, there were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in gender (P=0.78), body mass index (P=0.77), or pathological N stage (P=0.09). Compared with the APR group, patients in the ISR group had a lower rate of postoperative complications (OR=0.77, 95%CI=0.60 to 0.99, P=0.04), shorter hospital stay (WMD=-4.30, 95%CI=-7.07 to -1.53, P<0.01), higher 5-year overall survival (HR=0.54, 95%CI=0.33 to 0.88, P=0.01), and higher 5-year disease-free survival (HR=0.65, 95%CI=0.47 to 0.90, P<0.01). Five-year locoregional failure (HR=0.66, 95%CI=0.40 to 1.10, P=0.11) and time to surgery (WMD=-9.71, 95%CI=-41.89 to 22.47, P=0.55) did not differ significantly between the two groups. Conclusion: ISR is a safe and effective alternative to APR for early-stage low-grade rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Rectum/surgery , Proctectomy , Anal Canal/pathology , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 188-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935599

ABSTRACT

Bariatric-metabolic surgery (BMS) has the potential of decreasing body weight and improving obesity-related metabolic syndrome by restricting food intake and malabsorption. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, adjustable gastric banding, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch are four major BMS procedures. Sleeve plus surgery, one-anastomosis gastric bypass, intragastric balloon and endoscopic surgery are also arising and gaining popularity due to their specific efficacy. Currently, BMS is now experiencing an era with deeply integrated interdisciplinarity, optimizing and innovating of surgeries and well-illustrated clinical efficacy, as a result, more obese patients would benefit from BMS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bariatric Surgery , Gastrectomy , Gastric Balloon , Gastric Bypass , Laparoscopy , Morbidity , Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 546-551, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943033

ABSTRACT

Hereditary colorectal cancer accounts for approximately 5% of all colorectal cancer cases, mainly including familial adenomatous polyposis and Lynch syndrome. Total proctocolectomy plus ileal pouch-anal anastomosis and total colectomy plus ileorectal anastomosis are two major procedures for familial adenomatous polyposis, however, the exact impact of these two procedures on surgical efficacy, oncologic efficacy as well as functional results still remains uncertain. Segmental colectomy and total colectomy are two major procedures for Lynch syndrome, each of them both has advantages and disadvantages, and there still lacks a consensus about the optimal strategy because of the nature of retrospective study with a relatively insufficient evidence support. As a result, we would make a review about the current surgical treatment status and future perspectives of hereditary colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenomatous Polyposis Coli/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colectomy , Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis/surgery , Proctocolectomy, Restorative/methods , Retrospective Studies
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 910-918, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942990

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the morbidity of perineum-related complication between biological mesh and primary closure in closing pelvic floor defects following extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE). Methods: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Wanfang database, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, VIP database, and China Biological Medicine database for published clinical researches on perineum-related complications following ELAPE between January 2007 and August 2020. Literature inclusion criteria: (1) study subjects: patients undergoing ELAPE with rectal cancers confirmed by colonoscopy pathological biopsy or surgical pathology; (2) study types: randomized controlled studies or observational studies comparing the postoperative perineum-related complications between the two groups (primary perineal closure and reconstruction with a biological mesh) following ELAPE; (3) intervention measures: biological mesh reconstruction used as the treatment group, and primary closure used as the control group; (4) outcome measures: the included literatures should at least include one of the following postoperative perineal complications: overall perineal wound complications, perineal wound infection, perineal wound dehiscence, perineal hernia, chronic sinus, chronic perineal pain (postoperative 12-month), urinary dysfunction and sexual dysfunction. Literature exclusion criteria: (1) data published repeatedly; (2) study with incomplete or wrong original data and unable to obtain original data. Two reviewers independently performed screening, data extraction and assessment on the quality of included studies. Review Manager 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. The mobidities of perineum-related complications, including overall perineal wound (infection, dehiscence, hernia, chronic sinus) and perineal chronic pain (postoperative 12-month), were compared between the two pelvic floor reconstruction methods. Finally, publication bias was assessed, and sensitivity analysis was used to evaluate the stability of the results. Results: A total of five studies, including two randomized controlled studies and three observational controlled studies, with 650 patients (399 cases in the biological mesh group and 251 cases in primary closure group) were finally included. Compared with primary closure, biological mesh reconstruction had significantly lower ratio of perineal hernia (RR=0.37, 95%CI: 0.21-0.64, P<0.001). No significant differences in ratios of overall perineal wound complication, perineal wound infection, perineal wound dehiscence, perineal chronic sinus and perineal chronic pain (postoperative 12-month) were found between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: Compared with primary closure, pelvic floor reconstruction following ELAPE with biological mesh has the advantage of a lower incidence of perineal hernia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Perineum/surgery , Proctectomy , Rectum/surgery , Surgical Mesh
7.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 544-549, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942921

ABSTRACT

Anastomotic leak is one of the most severe complications following right hemicolectomy but rarely happens, which should be diagnosed based on clinical manifestations, laboratory and radiographic examinations. Influencing factors of anastomotic leak after right hemicolectomy include bowel preparation, emergency surgery, anastomotic procedure (side-to-side anastomosis vs. end-to-side anastomosis, instrument anastomosis vs. manual technigue and intracorporeal vs. extracorporeal anastomosis), surgical resection range and patient's characteristics. The occurrence of anastomotic leak might be avoided by standardized operations and indocyanine green fluorescence imaging. Active treatment is recommended once anastomotic leak is diagnosed. Most patients can be cured by non-surgical treatments such as adequate drainage and anti-infection therapy. When severe sepsis happens or non-surgical treatment fails, surgical treatment should be carried out in time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Colectomy , Colon/surgery , Indocyanine Green
8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 335-343, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of 3 treatment strategies (emergent surgery, self-expanding metallic stents, self-expanding metallic stents plus neoadjuvant chemotherapy) on postoperative anal function and quality of life in patients with complete obstructive left hemicolon cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Clinical data of patients with complete obstructive left hemicolon cancer admitted to General Surgery Department of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital between January 2017 and October 2019 were retrospectively collected. Patient inclusion criteria: (1) complete obstructive left hemicolon cancer was confirmed through clinical manifestation and abdominal computed tomography; (2) adenocarcinoma was confirmed by postoperative pathology; (3) emergent radical resection of primary tumor was performed with temporary stoma, or radical resection of primary tumor and primary anastomosis was performed without stoma, 7 to 14 days after completion of insertion of self-expanding metallic stents. Patients who did not receive stoma reversion after emergent operation were excluded. According to different therapies, patients were divided into three groups: emergent surgery (ES) group, self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) group and self-expanding metallic stents plus neoadjuvant chemotherapy (SEMS+NAC) group. Wexner score for incotinence (higher score indicates the worse anal function), Vaizey score (>10 indicates fecal incontinence) and low anterior resection syndrome (LARS) scale (higher score indicates the worse anal function) were applied to evaluate anal function of patients among groups at postoperative 1-, 6- and 12-month. EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life. Risk factors of decreased anal function were identified by logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 72 patients were enrolled, including 27 (37.5%) patients in ES group, 23 (31.9%) in SEMS group and 22 (30.6%) in SEME+NAC group. The baseline characteristics including age, gender, tumor location, comorbidities, total blood loss, operation time and postoperative complications, were comparable among groups, except that the proportion of laparoscopic surgery was significantly lower in ES group (4/27, 14.9%) than that in SEMS (15/23, 65.2%) and SEMS+NAC group (16/22, 72.7%) with significant difference (P<0.001). The follow-up ended up to October 2020, and the overall follow-up rate was 79.2% (57/72). No significant differences existed in the Wexner score of patients among groups at postoperative 1-, 6- and 12-month (all P>0.05). The Vaizey scores at postoperative 1-month in ES, SEMS and SEMS+NAC group were 7 (0-17), 3 (0-7) and 4 (0-8) respectively with significant difference (H=18.415, P=0.001), and the scores in SEMS and SEMS+NAC groups were significantly lower than that in ES group (both P<0.05), while no significant difference existed between SEMS and SEMS+NAC group (P>0.05). Vaizey scores at postoperative 6- and 12-month among 3 groups were not significantly different (both P>0.05). The LARS scores at postoperative 1-month in ES, SEMS and SEMS+NAC groups were 20 (0-37), 15 (0-24) and 16 (0-28) respectively with significant difference (H=3.660, P=0.036), and the scores in SEMS and SEMS+NAC groups were significantly lower than that in ES group (both P<0.05), while no significant difference existed between SEMS and SEMS+NAC groups (P>0.05). LARS scores at postoperative 6- and 12-month among 3 groups were not significantly different (both P>0.05). The QLQ-C30 score revealed that the social function of patients in SEMS group and SEMS+NAC group was significantly better than that in ES group (both P<0.05), while no significant difference existed between SEMS and SEMS+NAC group (P>0.05). The logistic regression analysis revealed that only ES was an independent risk factor of decreased anal function (OR=2.264, 95% CI: 1.098-4.667, P=0.027). Conclusion: Compared to ES, SEMS may improve quality of life and short-term anal function of patients with complete obstructive left hemicolon cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intestinal Obstruction , Postoperative Complications , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Surgery ; (12): 676-680, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816443

ABSTRACT

With the promotion of neoadjuvant therapy,the development of minimally invasive techniques and new surgical techniques,the anal preservation rate of low rectalcancer is increasing year by year. To improve postoperative quality of life is an important goal in the treatment of low rectal cancer. At present,the main important low anal preservation surgery is as follows: Intersphincteric resection(ISR),including complete ISR,subtotal ISR,partial ISR and modified partial ISR; Transanal local resection,including transanal endoscopic microsurgery(TEM) and transanal minimally invasive surgery(TAMIS); Anterior perineal planefor ultra-low anterior resection of the rectum(APPEAR),which is performed through a separate perineal incision,israrely used at present; Transanal total mesorectal excision(TaTME) proposed in recent years. Preliminary studies have proven safe and effective for low advanced rectal cancer.TaTME require a learning curve. It is now making expertcon sensus and operation specification,operation training and conducting multi-center prospective study. TaTME isexpected to become the important operation for low rectalcancer.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1268-1274, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688132

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The introduction of individualized abdominoperineal excision (APE) may minimize operative trauma and reduce the rate of complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of individualized APE for low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Fifty-six patients who underwent individualized APE from June 2011 to June 2015 were evaluated retrospectively in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University. The main outcome measures were circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement, intraoperative perforation, postoperative complications, and local recurrence. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 16.0.</p><p><b>Results</b>Fifty (89%) patients received preoperative chemoradiotherapy: 51 (91%) patients were treated with the sacrococcyx preserved; 27 (48%) patients with the levator ani muscle partially preserved bilaterally; 20 (36%) patients with the levator ani muscle partially preserved unilaterally and the muscle on the opposite side totally preserved; 7 (13%) patients with intact levator ani muscle and part of the ischioanal fat bilaterally dissected; and 2 (4%) patients with part of the ischioanal fat and intact lavator ani muscle dissected unilaterally and the muscle on the opposite side partially preserved. The most common complications included sexual dysfunction (12%), perineal wound complications (13%), urinary retention (7%), and chronic perineal pain (5%). A positive CRM was demonstrated in 3 (5%) patients, and intraoperative perforations occurred in 2 (4%) patients. On multiple logistic regression analysis, longer operative time (P = 0.032) and more intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.006) were significantly associated with perineal procedure-related complications. The local recurrence was 4% at a median follow-up of 53 months (range: 30-74 months).</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>With preoperative chemoradiotherapy, individualized APE may be a relatively safe and feasible approach for low rectal cancer with acceptable oncological outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pathology , General Surgery , Operative Time , Perineum , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Rectal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Rectum , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 918-924, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693337

ABSTRACT

Sofosbuvir is a new type of direct-acting antiviral(DAA)drugs against hepatitis C.By competitive combination to NS5B polymerase activity sites,sofosbuvir can terminate genome synthesis of newly born virus,and finally inhibit the replication of hepatitis C virus(HCV).The research and development process of sofosbuvir is based on the principles of nucleoside antiviral drug metabolism.The subtle structure modification improves the drug′s structure stability and absorption process,which makes sofosbuvir a liver targeted anti-HCV drug.Sofosbuvir has become a clinical fundamental drug for anti-HCV infection,and then used alone or in combination with other drugs,with higher recovery rate,better safety and anti-drug resistance.This article reviews the research back?ground,development process,clinical application and synthetic methods for sofosbuvir.

12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 145-149, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345254

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the surgical method and clinical curative effect of Ilizarov technique combined with limited surgical treatment for neurotrophic malnutrition equinovarus accompanied with weight-bearing area ulcer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From July 2004 to December 2011, 21 cases of neurological disorders equinovarus with skin ulcer in weight-bearing area were treated including 14 males and 7 females with an average age of 21.3 years old ranging from 8 to 32 years. Among them,19 cases with talipes equinovarus were on account of spina bifid and 2 cases on account of spinal cord injury of lumbar sacral segment. Nine cases were on the left foot and 12 cases were right foot. The ulcer area in out-below side of the fifth metatarsal bone was in 6 cases, in basement of the fifth metatarsal bone in 5 cases,in lateral of calcaneocuboid joint 2 cases, and in lateral of subtalar joint in 8 cases. Surgical procedure included plantar medial release technique, tendo-chilles lengthenning, and three-joint partial osteotomy. During operation,the skin and soft tissue of ulcer were resected and the incision was sutured when the ulcer was in the lateral of subtalar joint, and ankle Ilizarov external fixation for extension was installed after correcting talipes equinovarus partially. For the legacy skin ulcer in weight-bearing area,the Shenrg-ji cream (Chinese characters) was used after operation for one time per day until the wound healed. Adjusting Ilizarov external fixation for correcting residual deformity until it is satisfaction. During this process weight-bearing walking was keeping.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All cases were followed up from 6 to 52 months with an average of 28 months. All ulcers were healing and no recurrence. The ulcer healing time was 14 to 36 days postoperative (26 days in average). Eighteen deformity feet were corrected satisfactorily, and recovered fully plantar foot, 3 feet appeared mild deformity after 1 year. Ankle joint activity appeared limited in 15 cases and got completely rigidity in 6 cases. The AOFAS increased from preoperative 34.0±7.2 to 86.0±8.5 postoperatively; 8 feet got excellent, 10 good,3 fair.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical effect of Ilizarov technique combined with limited operation and the Sheng-ji cream in correction of the talipes equinovarus with skin ulcer in weigh-bearing area on account of neurotrophic malnutrition is satisfactory, the surgical method is simple and the treating course in security, and serious complications can be avoided.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Clubfoot , General Surgery , External Fixators , Foot Ulcer , General Surgery , Ilizarov Technique
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 797-800, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357141

ABSTRACT

With the development of tumor immunology research, it has been recognized that the anti-tumor immune system function is better to predict the prognosis. Relationship between the tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and colorectal cancer has become one of the hot topics in research. Here we summarize the latest studies about the relationship between the TIL and clinicopathological factors, prognosis and microsatellite instability (MSI).


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Allergy and Immunology , Microsatellite Instability , Prognosis
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 577-581, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301230

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study surgical treatment of postoperative stricture of anastomosis for lower rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 9 cases who were diagnosed as postoperative stricture of anastomosis after operation of intersphincteric resection for lower rectal cancer during January 2008 to June 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. Transanal excision of stricture were used in 3 cases diagnosed as membranous stricture. Transanal radial incision of stricture were used in 5 cases diagnosed as tubulous stricture. Biologic patch was used to repair the defect of the posterior wall of rectum after excision of severe stricture in 1 case.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 9 cases of postoperative stricture of anastomosis were cured by surgery. Anal dilation were performed every day by patients themselves after discharge. Digital examination showed that 1 to 2 fingers could pass through the anastomosis after operation. The patient whose rectal defect was repaired by biological patch underwent colonoscopy examination two weeks after operation. Colonoscopy showed that the biological patch had been filled with granulation and integrated into the surrounding intestinal tissue. All patients defecated without difficulty and the anal function of all patients was good after restoration of intestinal continuity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Aggressive surgery, combining with the use of biological patch if necessary is an effective therapy of postoperative stricture of anastomosis for lower rectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anastomosis, Surgical , Constriction, Pathologic , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , General Surgery , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Rectum , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 335-338, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247842

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the safety and efficacy of individual cylindrical abdominoperineal resection (CAPR) for locally advanced low rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2011 to February 2012, 11 patients with locally advanced low rectal cancer underwent individual CAPR. There were 7 male and 4 female patients, aged from 32 to 74 years with a median of 64 years. Forty-seven patients underwent classic CAPR from January 2008 to February 2012. Preoperative and postoperative parameters such as clinical information of patients, tissue morphometry and complications were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the individual surgical group, 6 patients were treated with one side levator ani muscle totally or partially reserved, 3 patients with sacrococcyx reserved, and 2 patients with dissection close to the anterior rectal wall. Compared with classical surgery, the individual surgical specimens of horizontal section area ((2197 ± 501) mm(2)) and intrinsic muscle layer outer area ((1722 ± 414) mm(2)) were small, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.150 and 0.167). The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, circumferential resection margin, total cross sectional tissue area, cross sectional tissue area outside the muscularis propria and bowel perforation rate between the two groups were not significantly different. Individual CAPR showed less incidence of chronic perineal pain (2/11, χ(2) = 6.116, P = 0.013) and sexual dysfunction (2/9, χ(2) = 4.412, P = 0.036) compared with classic CAPR.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Individual CAPR has the potential to reduce the risk of chronic perineal pain and sexual dysfunction without influencing the radical effect when compare with classic CAPR for the treatment of low rectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perineum , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Rectal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Rectum , General Surgery , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1226-1229, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256831

ABSTRACT

In recent years, sphincter preservation and improvement of quality of life have become the primary goals in the management of low-lying rectal cancer. For lesions within 2 cm from the dentate line or more than 5 cm from the anal margin, abdominoperineal resection results in permanent stoma creation while intersphincteric resection (ISR) provides solution to sphincter function preservation and improved quality of life. This review was to summarize the current literature pertaining to this procedure, including current research progress, indications, development of ISR procedure, oncological and functional outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anal Canal , General Surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic
17.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1013-1016, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312354

ABSTRACT

Cylindrical abdominoperineal resection (CAPR), also known as extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE), has been described as a method for improving the outcome of APR for advanced low rectal cancer, probably because of more pelvic dissection and less positive circumferential resection margin (CRM). Recently, there have been some hot issues associated with CAPR/ELAPE, such as pelvic floor reconstruction methods, prone or lithotomy positioning during pelvic procedure, postoperative chronic perineal pain, postoperative sexual and urinary nerves damage, etc. Individual cylindrical procedure based on clinical and anatomic research may be as effective as CAPR/ELAPE while minimizing the operative trauma and the damage to the nerves of the genital and urinary organs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen , General Surgery , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Pelvis , General Surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery
18.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1232-1235, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312318

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the treatment outcome of ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract plus bioprosthetic anal fistula plug(LIFT-plug) for transsphincteric perianal fistulas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 36 patients with transsphincteric perianal fiftula who were managed by the LIFT-plug technique between November 2010 and February 2012 were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Clinical healing of the fistula, defined as the absence of drainage with no evidence of residual fistula tract, occurred in 34(94.4%) patients. The operative time ranged from 12 to 35 minutes(mean, 17 minutes). The median postoperative length of stay was 5 days. The median healing time was 18 days. No complications requiring intervention occurred. The postoperative follow up was at least 3 months and two patients had recurrence(5.6%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LIFT-plug procedure for the management of transsphincteric perianal fistulas is simple with high healing rate, minimal invasiveness, quick healing, and without disturbance to anal function. LIFT-plug is an ideal procedure for intrasphinteric fistula.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Fecal Incontinence , Ligation , Operative Time , Rectal Fistula , General Surgery , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 618-621, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245818

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the therapeutic value of self-expanding metallic stent (SEMS) for resectable obstructing left-sided colon cancer or rectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 73 patients who had acute obstruction due to left-sided colon cancer or rectal cancer during May 2007 to January 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into 2 groups: SEMS group (34 cases) underwent surgical resection after insertion of SEMS; emergency surgery group (39 cases) underwent emergency operation. The 2 group patients were compared for the incidence of primary anastomosis, stoma rate, laparoscopic surgery rate, mortality, postoperative morbidity, ICU admission rate, length of ICU stay, hospital stay, and hospitalization costs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of primary anastomosis in SEMS group was significantly higher than that in emergency surgery group (97.1% vs. 56.4%, χ(2) = 16.256, P < 0.001), and the protective stoma rate and permanent stoma rate in SEMS group were both lower than those in emergency surgery group (33.3% vs. 86.3%, 2.9% vs. 43.6%, χ(2) value were 14.972 and 16.156, both P < 0.001). Patients in SEMS group underwent significantly more laparoscopic surgery than in emergency surgery group (47.1% vs. 0, χ(2) = 23.505, P < 0.001). There were no significant difference in postoperative mortality (2.9% vs. 10.3%, P = 0.364). The postoperative morbidity in SEMS group was significantly lower than that in emergency surgery group (35.3% vs. 66.7%, P = 0.007). Incisional infection was the most common complication in both groups, and the incidence of which seemed to be more higher in emergency surgery group (17.6% vs. 38.5%, χ(2) = 3.840, P = 0.050). There was a lower ICU admission rate in SEMS group (24.2% vs. 53.9%, χ(2) = 6.972, P = 0.008), and the mean length of ICU stay and hospital stay were both shorter in SEMS group ((69.5 ± 7.4) hours vs. (114.3 ± 10.9) hours, t = -20.23, P < 0.001; (19.6 ± 4.8) days vs. (23.4 ± 6.2) days, t = -2.90, P = 0.005). The cost of hospitalization was less in SEMS group (45 383 ± 15 648 vs. 61 485 ± 20 380, t = -3.74, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SEMS can effectively relieve the large intestinal obstruction caused by left-sided colon cancer or rectal cancer, and change the traditional emergency surgery into a selective surgery with better outcomes. SEMS appears to be a valuable technique for resectable obstructing left-sided colorectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms , Intestinal Obstruction , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Stents
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 237-240, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248854

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study surgical strategies for ankle and foot deformities secondary to spina bifida and treatment methods for different types of deformities.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 1990 and July 2009, 107 patients with ankle and foot deformities secondary to spina bifida were retrospectively analyzed. There were 44 males and 63 females, with an average age of 17.7 years (rangd from 1.3 to 52 years). Among the patients, 58 patients had double ankle deformities, 49 patients had unilateral deformities (22 cases on the left side, 27 cases on the right). Ninety-nine patients with equinus deformities were treated by achilles tendon lengthening and tendon transfering; 25 patients with talipes were treated by release of anterior tendon of ankle and tendon transfer; 17 patients with valgus and varus deformities were treated by tendon transfer and calcaneal osteotomy; 15 patients with flail deformities were managed treated by bone fusion between calcaneus and talus and shortening of achilles tendon; 9 patients with claw toe deformities were treated by bone fusion of interphalangeal joint or Ilizarovs distraction. AOFAS (American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society) comprehensive scoring system was used to evaluate subjective pain and objective functional.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventy-nine (127 feet) of 107 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 48 to 180 months (averaged, 64 months). According to AOFAS scoring system, the results were rated as excellent in 89 feet, good in 26 feet, moderate in 9 feet and poor in 3 feet.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Treatment strategies for ankle-foot deformities mainly included four principles, deformity correction, muscular balance, joint stability and reservation of foot elasticity. Different combined procedure was applied for different foot deformities and received good therapeutic effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ankle , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery , Ankle Joint , General Surgery , Foot Deformities , General Surgery , Spinal Dysraphism
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