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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 713-723, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016614

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of Flos Farfarae (FF) fumigation on cigarette smoke-induced lung injury mice, and analyze the metabolic profile of lung tissue by metabolomics. All animal experiments were conducted under the guidance and approval of the Animal Ethics Review Committee of Shanxi University (Approval number: SXULL2019014). By using HS-GC-MS to analyze volatile components of Flos Farfarae, 23 compounds were identified. The results showed that FF fumigation improved the lung tissue morphology of cigarette smoke-induced lung injury mice, lowered the levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). The lung tissue samples were applied for metabolomic analysis based on UHPLC-QTOF MS, the results showed that 70 metabolites were changed in the lung tissue of mice after cigarette exposure, and 35 of them could be regulated, including lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), 12-HETE, adenosine, and xanthine. These metabolites, such as LPC, 12-HETE, adenosine, and xanthine were mainly associated with the body's inflammatory response. It was observed that these metabolites are primarily involved in purine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, phospholipid metabolism, and pyruvate metabolism pathways. These findings suggest that the volatile terpenoids in the FF may regulate the metabolites associated with the inflammatory response in the lung tissue, such as lysophosphatidylcholine, 12-HETE, and adenosine, which could further alleviate lung inflammation induced by cigarette smoke through the metabolic pathways of purine metabolism and others. This study proved the scientific basis of the traditional application of FF fumigation, and provided a theoretical basis for the further product development.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 947-961, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982445

ABSTRACT

Effective treatments for neuropathic pain are lacking due to our limited understanding of the mechanisms. The circRNAs are mainly enriched in the central nervous system. However, their function in various physiological and pathological conditions have yet to be determined. Here, we identified circFhit, an exon-intron circRNA expressed in GABAergic neurons, which reduced the inhibitory synaptic transmission in the spinal dorsal horn to mediate spared nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. Moreover, we found that circFhit decreased the expression of GAD65 and induced hyperexcitation in NK1R+ neurons by promoting the expression of its parental gene Fhit in cis. Mechanistically, circFhit was directly bound to the intronic region of Fhit, and formed a circFhit/HNRNPK complex to promote Pol II phosphorylation and H2B monoubiquitination by recruiting CDK9 and RNF40 to the Fhit intron. In summary, we revealed that the exon-intron circFhit contributes to GABAergic neuron-mediated NK1R+ neuronal hyperexcitation and neuropathic pain via regulating Fhit in cis.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Posterior Horn Cells/pathology , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn/metabolism , Neuralgia , Synaptic Transmission
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 783-787, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of hemoglobin (Hb) on the efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cell therapy (CAR-T) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to December 2020, 76 MM patients who received CAR-T therapy in the Department of Hematology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, with complete clinical data and evaluable efficacy, were selected as the research objects. According to the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, the best cut-off value was obtained. The patients were divided into groups on the basis of Hb 105.5 g/L as the cut-off value. The age, sex, serum calcium, β2-microglobulin, serum creatinine, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the influencing factors of CAR-T treatment efficacy in MM patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Hb was an influencing factor of efficacy. Univariate analysis showed that Hb, LDH, and albumin affected the efficacy of CAR-T therapy. Multivariate analysis showed that Hb ( OR=1.039, 95% CI: 1.002-1.078) and LDH ( OR=1.014, 95% CI: 1.000-1.027) were the influencing factors for the efficacy of CAR-T therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The efficacy of CAR-T therapy in MM patients with low Hb is poor, and Hb is a factor affecting the efficacy of CAR-T therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Treatment Outcome , Hematologic Diseases
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1003-1013, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978762

ABSTRACT

The whole herb of Solanum nigrum L. can be used as the herbal drug. In this study, UHPLC-Q Exactive high resolution mass combined with GNPS molecular network was used for the rapid characterization of the components in the leaves of S. nigrum L. A total of 157 compounds were identified, including 30 steroid alkaloids, 61 steroid saponins, 35 flavonoids, and 31 other compounds (amino acids and organic acids), by comparison with the data reported in the literature, and mass fragmentation characteristics analysis, as well as the correlation of known and unknown nodes in the GNPS molecular network. Compared with the fruits and stems, the leaves of S. nigrum L was rich in a variety of steroidal saponins, steroidal alkaloids, and flavonoids, and the results lay the foundation for the precise resources utilization of S. nigrum L.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1971-1980, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978672

ABSTRACT

italic>Astragalus is a commonly used Chinese medicinal material in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and with the increase of planting area in recent years, the damage of Astragalus root rot has worsened year by year, which seriously affecting its quality and yield. Fusarium oxysporum is one of the main pathogens causing root rot in astragalus. In this study, UPLC-Q-TOF-MS based metabolomic approach combined with multivariate statistical analysis were used to analyze the metabolite changes of Astragalus in response to F. oxysporum infection. The results showed that 62 metabolites in the Astragalus had significant changes after inoculation of F. oxysporum. Polar metabolites included 40 flavonoids, 8 saponins, 2 nucleosides, 1 vitamin, 1 organic acid, 1 amino acid; while lipid metabolites included 3 fatty acids, 1 diradylglycerols, 2 lysophosphatidylcholine, 1 lysophosphatidylglycerol, 1 phosphatidylinositol, 1 sterol lipid. Among these differential metabolites, the relative content of flavonoids, vitamin B2, tryptophan and salicylic acid were increased, while the relative content of saponins were decreased. Correlation analysis showed that the flavonoids were positively correlated with each other, and positively correlated with most lipids, but negatively correlated with most saponins. In addition, studies have shown that F. oxysporum infection is not an influencing factor for the generation of malonyl substitution of flavonoid. This study elucidates the effect of F. oxysporum infection on Astragalus from the perspective of plant metabolism, which provides a basis for exploring the interaction mechanism between the Astragalus and F. oxysporum and further promoting molecular breeding.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1963-1970, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978671

ABSTRACT

Bupleuri Radix is commonly used in the traditional Chinese medicine, and saikosaponins are the important active ingredients. In this study, we first established a relative quantitative method for 25 saikosaponins using ultra high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTrap-MS) in the scheduled multiple reaction monitoring (sMRM) mode. The established method showed good intra-day and intra-day precision, linearity, repeatability and stability. Then the method was applied to compare 37 batches of Bupleuri Radix from different planting areas. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the saikosaponins composition of Bupleuri Radix from different planting areas in Shanxi Province, which indicating that Bupleuri Radix is well adapted to the environment, so it is suitable for widely planting. However, Bupleuri Radix harvested at spring and autumn were differed from those harvested at summer, which indicated that the traditional harvesting experience was reasonable. Correlation analysis showed that saikosaponins a and d were positively correlated with some saponins, and 4 saponins (such as clinoposaponin XII) showed bigger content variation were identified by coefficient of variation analysis. The LC-MS based pseudotargeted metabonomic method established in this study can be applied to the comprehensive detection of saikosaponins, which providing new method for the quality evaluation of Bupleuri Radix.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1742-1750, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978667

ABSTRACT

The pharmacodynamic substance of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an important basis for its mechanism and quality control, and also a key scientific issue for the inheritance and development of TCM. However, the complex characteristics of multi-component, multi-target and integrity of TCM, as well as the limitations of modern scientific research technical methods, have brought great challenges to the research. The interactions between Chinese medicine and intestinal flora provide us with a new idea. Based on the effective role of TCM and the hypothesis of correlation between intestinal flora and disease, the research on the material basis and mechanism of action of TCM based on intestinal metabolomics mostly explored the relationship between microflora and host phenotype, gradually deepening, and finally focused on the relationship between intestinal strains and molecular levels. This paper summarized the research ideas and key technologies of this model, in order to provide reference for the application of this model.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1859-1866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978659

ABSTRACT

Root rot severely restricts the sustainable development of Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus (AMM) industry. Resistance breeding is an economical and environmentally safe way to manage the disease and its key lies in the obtaining of resistance indicators. This study aimed to quickly and accurately screen the resistance-related (RR) metabolites so as to provide reference for the screening of indicators of AMM breeding for resistance. LC-MS-based targeted metabolomics and real-time quantitative PCR technology were employed, in combination with multivariate statistical analysis, in analyzing the dynamic changes of phenylpropanoid metabolites in AMM in response to root rot pathogen Fusarium solani (FS) infection and identifying the differential metabolites. The LC-MS method established showed high sensitivity; each metabolite had a good linear relationship (R2 ≥ 0.968 9) in the corresponding linear range of the respective standard curve; the recoveries and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) (n = 6) ranged from 70% to 107% and from 1.2% to 9.9%, respectively. Obvious disturbances were observed in the changes of the targeted metabolites in AMM infected by FS. These metabolites, compared with the mock-inoculated (CK) group, showed different up or down regulation with time series. Calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, ononin, calycosin and formononetin were identified as differential metabolites, and they all belong to flavonoids. The first three compounds were significantly negatively correlated (r ≤ -0.97, P < 0.05) with the content of FS in the root of AMM. As potential RR metabolites, they are helpful in obtaining promising resistance indicators for AMM against FS infection.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 141-147, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of daratumumab in treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) patients with renal impairment (RI).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 MM patients with RI who received daratumumab-based regimen from January 2021 to March 2022 in three centers were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were treated with daratumumab or daratumumab combined with dexamethasone or daratumumab combined with bortezomib and dexamethasone and the curative effect and survival were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of 15 patients was 64 (ranged 54-82) years old. Six patients were IgG-MM, 2 were IgA-MM,1 was IgD-MM and 6 were light chain MM. Median estinated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was 22.48 ml/(min·1.73 M2). Overall response rate of 11 patients with MM was 91% (≥MR), including 1 case of stringent complete response (sCR), 2 cases of very good partial response (VGPR), 3 cases of partial response (PR) and 4 cases of minor response (MR). The rate of renal response was 60%(9/15), including 4 cases of complete response (CR), 1 case of PR and 4 cases of MR. A median time of optimal renal response was 21 (ranged 7-56) days. With a median follow-up of 3 months, the median progression-free survival and overall survival of all patients were not reached. After treatment with daratumumab-based regimen, grade 1-2 neutropenia was the most common hematological adverse reaction. Non-hematological adverse reactions were mainly infusion-related adverse reactions and infections.@*CONCLUSION@#Daratumumab-based regimens have good short-term efficacy and safety in the treatment of multiple myeloma patients with renal impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Renal Insufficiency/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 832-837, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012240

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the characteristics of the evolution of liver indexes in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) treated with CAR-T-cells based on BCMA. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed of patients with RRMM who received an infusion of anti-BCMA CAR-T-cells and anti-BCMA combined with anti-CD19 CAR-T-cells at our center between June 1, 2019, and February 28, 2023. Clinical data were collected to observe the characteristics of changes in liver indexes such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBIL), and direct bilirubin (DBIL) in patients, and its relationship with cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) . Results: Ninety-two patients were included in the analysis, including 41 patients (44.6%) in the group receiving a single infusion of anti-BCMA CAR-T-cells, and 51 patients (55.4%) in the group receiving an infusion of anti-BCMA combined with anti-CD19 CAR-T-cells. After infusing CAR-T-cells, 31 patients (33.7%) experienced changes in liver indexes at or above grade 2, which included 20 patients (21.7%) with changes in one index, five patients (5.4%) with changes in two indexes, and six patients (6.5%) with changes in three or more indexes. The median time of peak values of ALT and AST were d17 and d14, respectively, and the median duration of exceeding grade 2 was 5.0 and 3.5 days, respectively. The median time of peak values of TBIL and DBIL was on d19 and d21, respectively, and the median duration of exceeding grade 2 was 4.0 days, respectively. The median time of onset of CRS was d8, and the peak time of fever was d9. The ALT, AST, and TBIL of patients with CRS were higher than those of patients without CRS (P=0.011, 0.002, and 0.015, respectively). CRS is an independent factor that affects ALT and TBIL levels (OR=19.668, 95% CI 18.959-20.173, P=0.001). The evolution of liver indexes can be reversed through anti-CRS and liver-protection treatments, and no patient died of liver injury. Conclusions: In BCMA-based CAR-T-cell therapy for RRMM, CRS is an important factor causing the evolution of liver indexes. The evolution of liver indexes after CAR-T-cell infusion is transient and reversible after treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD19 , B-Cell Maturation Antigen/therapeutic use , Bilirubin , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Liver , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 783-792, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922891

ABSTRACT

Molecular mass distribution of Astragalus polysaccharides is wide. Astragalus polysaccharides prepared by conventional water extraction and alcohol precipitation are mostly mixture of macromolecules. Although studies have shown that Astragalus polysaccharides have two-sided immunomodulation, the relationship between anti-inflammatory components and molecular mass distribution of Astragalus polysaccharides is not clear. Therefore, Astragalus polysaccharides were extracted by water extraction and alcohol precipitation. The relative molecular weight of them was determined by high performance gel permeation chromatography (HPGPC). Astragalus polysaccharides with different molecular weights were separated and prepared by membrane separation. RAW 264.7 cells were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to establish an inflammatory cell model in vitro and the anti-inflammatory polysaccharide were screened. The anti-inflammatory regulation mechanism of Astragalus polysaccharides was analyzed by the LC-MS/MS metabonomics technology. The results showed that APS was composed of APS-Ⅰ ( > 2 000 kDa) and APS-Ⅱ (10 kDa). APS-Ⅰ was composed of mannose, rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, arabinose and the molar ratios of these monosaccharide of APS-I were 0.54∶0.26∶12.24∶17.24∶8.46∶1. APS-II was composed of rhamnose, galacturonic acid, glucose, galactose, arabinose and the molar ratios of these monosaccharide of APS-II were 0.26∶0.14∶24.04∶0.62∶1. APS-Ⅰ and APS-Ⅱ had no cell toxicity to RAW 264.7 macrophage in the range of 0-100 μg·mL-1. Compared with the model group, APS-I at a concentration of 0-100 μg·mL-1could significantly inhibit the secretion of NO and TNF-α by RAW 264.7, and can significantly promote the secretion of IL-10. APS-I had better anti-inflammatory activity than APS-II in vitro. The metabolomics results showed that 32 different metabolites were found between the model group and blank group; APS-I group can significantly callback 18 different metabolites; mainly related to arginine biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, citric acid cycle (TCA cycle), cysteine and methionine acid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism. This study found that APS-I had better anti-inflammatory activity than APS-II in vitro, and its mechanism may be closely related to amino acid metabolism and energy metabolism, which indicated the direction for further clarifying the pharmacodynamic material basis of Astragalus polysaccharides.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2839-2850, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941523

ABSTRACT

Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) coupled with a molecular network analysis strategy was used to identify the chemical constituents of the stem bark of two kinds of asparagus. The chemical constituents were identified by determining an accurate molecular weight, the fragmentation pathway, and comparison with the mass spectrometry data from the references. A molecular network was established based on the similarity of MS/MS fragmentation patterns. A total of 107 compounds were identified or tentatively deduced, which included 46 saponins, 13 flavonoids, and 48 other compounds. The chemical compounds identified in the stem bark of white and green asparagus differed greatly: the white asparagus was rich in saponins, while the green asparagus was rich in flavonoids. In conclusion, the chemical constituents of asparagus stem bark were characterized rapidly using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS and molecular network analysis, with 10 compounds and 45 targets determined from the HIT 2.0 herbal ingredients' targets platform. This work will provide a theoretical basis for the resource utilization of asparagus.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 765-770, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of peripheral hemoglobin (Hb)-to-red cell distribution width (RDW) ratio (HRR) on the prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Data of 265 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2014 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. 132 healthy people in the same period were used as normal control group. The best cut-off points of HRR was determined by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve; the chi-square test was used to analyze the correlation of clinical characteristics with HRR; the Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of HRR patients in different groups; the Cox proportional risk model was used for univariate and multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The best cut-off value of HRR was 0.936, which was divided into low HRR group and high HRR group. The low HRR group had a higher ECOG score, higher incidence of advanced Ann Arbor stage, higher NCCN-IPI score, and elevated LDH level. K-M survival analysis showed that OS (P<0.001) and PFS (P<0.001) in the low HRR group were significantly shorter than that in the higher HRR group. The multivariate analysis revealed that HRR was an independent predictor of OS(HR=0.379,95%CI:0.237-0.605,P<0.001) and PFS (HR=0.384,95%CI:0.241-0.614,P<0.001) in DLBCL patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Low HRR(<0.936) in patients with DLBCL indicates a poor prognosis, which is an independent prognosis risk factor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Erythrocyte Indices , Hemoglobins , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2266-2275, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887054

ABSTRACT

We previously reported that active Astragalus polysaccharides APS-Ⅱ generate strong immune activity. Here we establish the optimal method for APS-II acid degradation. After preliminary structural studies and separation and preparation of the degradation products, the oligosaccharide active center with the strongest immune activity was identified by in vitro immune cell culture experiments. The optimum acid degradation conditions for APS-II were determined by a single factor experiment and an orthogonal experiment. Astragalus oligosaccharides prepared under the optimal conditions were subjected to structural analysis by hydrophilic interaction chromatography - electrospray ionization source - high resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The products were separated and oligosaccharide fragments with different degrees of polymerization were isolated by preparative purification chromatography. Finally, fragments of the immunologically active centers were identified by in vitro immune cell cultures from multiple perspectives. The results show that the optimal acid hydrolysis conditions for APS-Ⅱ are hydrolysis temperature 80 ℃, trifluoroacetic acid concentration 1.0 mol·L-1, hydrolysis time 1 h. The degradation conditions have good repeatability. The degradation product is a six-carbon aldehyde glycan structure with the main chain 1→4 connected. The immune activity screening experiment for six oligosaccharide fragments showed that larger molecular weight oligosaccharides have stronger immune-promoting effects. It is speculated that the immunologically active center of Astragalus oligosaccharide is located in the sugar chain of DP9-DP19. The animal welfare and the experimental process in this study follow the requirements of the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanxi University. This result suggests a foundation for the structural characterization and structure-activity relationship research of Astragalus oligosaccharides, and may promote the development of Astragalus oligosaccharide drugs.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1936-1944, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887009

ABSTRACT

italic>Astragalus polysaccharides are the main immunomodulatory substances in Astragali Radix. The structure of polysaccharides is difficult to accurately determine, which limits the in-depth study of the molecular mechanism of Astragalus polysaccharides in vivo. "Polysaccharide receptor theory" believes that there are one or more oligosaccharide fragment "active centers" in immunologically active polysaccharide molecules. Therefore, the degradation of Astragalus polysaccharides into oligosaccharides and the study of the active centers of polysaccharides at the oligosaccharide level provide new ideas in the study of the structure and mechanism of Astragalus polysaccharides. This article adopts endo-α-1,4-glucanase enzymatic hydrolysis, and determines the best degradation conditions through single factor test and orthogonal test to degrade the immunologically active polysaccharide APS-Ⅱ (10 kDa component) into oligomers with different degrees of polymerization. Then through the preparation of polyacrylamide gel chromatography and specific immune and non-specific immune cell tests, the immune activity screening of different oligosaccharide components is carried out. The animal welfare and the experimental process in this study follow the requirements of the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanxi University. The results showed that compared with the immunologically active polysaccharide APS-Ⅱ, different oligosaccharide components have obvious differences in different immunological activities. This paper studies the different immunological activities of Astragalus polysaccharides at the level of oligosaccharides, laying a foundation for further elucidating the structure and function of Astragalus polysaccharides, enriching the theory of polysaccharide receptors, and providing new ideas for the development of Astragalus polysaccharides.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 797-804, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of autophagy inhibitor ROC-325 and its combination with bortezomib on the proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy of multiple myeloma cell lines.@*METHODS@#Multiple myeloma cells were treated with ROC-325 at different concentration. The cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8. Apoptosis was determined by Caspase-3/7 and Caspase-9 activity assays. Autophagy was detected by monodansylcadaverine staining. The apoptosis-related proteins (PARP and Caspase-3) and autophagy-related proteins (P62, Beclin-1, and LC3A/B) were analyzed by Western blot. The combined effect with bortezomib on bortezomib-resistant cell line was detected by CCK-8.@*RESULTS@#ROC-325 inhibited the proliferation of RPMI 8226, RPMI 8226-BTZ100, U266 and IM9 cells in a dose-dependent manner (r=-0.8275, r=-0.9079, r=-0.9422, r=-0.9305), the 72 h IC@*CONCLUSION@#ROC-325 can inhibit the proliferation, induce the apoptosis of myeloma cells through the mitochondrial pathway, inhibit the autophagy of myeloma cells by affecting the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes, and overcome bortezomib resistance by the combination of ROC-325 with bortezomib.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Hydroxychloroquine/analogs & derivatives , Multiple Myeloma
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5693-5700, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921754

ABSTRACT

To investigate the potential molecular markers and drug-compound-target mechanism of Mahuang Shengma Decoction(MHSM) in the intervention of acute lung injury(ALI) by network pharmacology and experimental verification. Databases such as TCMSP, TCMIO, and STITCH were used to predict the possible targets of MHSM components and OMIM and Gene Cards were employed to obtain ALI targets. The common differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were therefore obtained. The network diagram of DEGs of MHSM intervention in ALI was constructed by Cytoscape 3. 8. 0, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses of target genes. The ALI model was induced by abdominal injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) in mice. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) was collected for the detection of inflammatory factors. Pathological sectioning and RT-PCR experiments were performed to verify the therapeutic efficacy of MHSM on ALI. A total of 494 common targets of MHSM and ALI were obtained. Among the top 20 key active compounds of MHSM, 14 from Ephedrae Herba were found to be reacted with pivotal genes of ALI [such as tumor necrosis factor(TNF), tumor protein 53(TP53), interleukin 6(IL6), Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), and nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB)/p65(RELA)], causing an uncontrolled inflammatory response with activated cascade amplification. Pathway analysis revealed that the mechanism of MHSM in the treatment of ALI mainly involved AGE-RAGE, cancer pathways, PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and NF-κB signaling pathway. The findings demonstrated that MHSM could dwindle the content of s RAGE, IL-6, and TNF-α in the BALF of ALI mice, relieve the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lungs, inhibit alveolar wall thickening, reduce the acute inflammation-induced pulmonary congestion and hemorrhage, and counteract transcriptional activities of Ager-RAGE and NF-κB p65. MHSM could also synergically act on the target DEGs of ALI and alleviate pulmonary pathological injury and inflammatory response, which might be achieved by inhibiting the expression of the key gene Ager-RAGE in RAGE/NF-κB signaling pathway and downstream signal NF-κB p65.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/metabolism , Signal Transduction
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1203-1208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888539

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the levels of ferritin, C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in peripheral serum and cytokine release syndrome (CRS) in patients with relapse and/or refractory multiple myeloma (R/R MM) after receiving chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) immunotherapy.@*METHODS@#Twenty-eight patients with R/R MM were treated with 1×10@*RESULTS@#Among the 28 patients, 27 cases (96.4%) developed CRS, 24 cases (85.7%) in 1-2 grade CRS and 3 cases (10.7%) in 3-5 grade. The severity grade of CRS of 27 patients was positively correlated with the peak values of ferritin, CRP, LDH, and IL-6 in peripheral blood (r@*CONCLUSION@#After receiving CAR-T cellular immunotherapy, the incidence of CRS in patients with R/R MM is higher, but most of them are in grade 1 or 2. The severity of CRS is positively correlated with the levels of ferritin, CRP, LDH and IL-6 in peripheral blood.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antigens, CD19 , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 195-204, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906441

ABSTRACT

Objective:To elucidate the potential molecular markers and drug-compound-target mechanism of Epimedii Folium intervention on breast cancer stem cells(BCSCs) through chip analysis combined with network pharmacology and experimental validation. Method:Relevant drug information was retrieved in Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) to obtain the active components and potential targets of Epimedii Folium. "Breast Cancer Stem Cells" were searched in Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO)database,and GSE98239 chip data were obtained through analysis and screening. Then GEO2R online analysis tool was used to obtain the differential genes to draw differential gene heat map and volcano map. The differential gene network map of Epimedii Folium intervention for breast cancer stem cells was constructed by Cytoscape 3.8.0,and Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG)enrichment analysis of drug and disease genes were performed. Human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells were divided into 20%,40%,60% Epimedii Folium drug-containing serum group and control group. Cell counting kit-8(CCK-8),and Western blot were used to detect the effect of Epimedii Folium drug-containing serum intervention on cell activity and target protein expression in breast cancer cells. Result:Twenty-three active components including flavones,sterols,alkaloids and sesquiterpenoids were obtained from Epimedii Folium. It was found that Epimedii Folium interacted with B-cell lymphoma-2-like protein 1(BCL2L1),matrix metallopeptidase 2(MMP2),prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2(PTGS2),vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA),transforming growth factor beta receptor 1(TGFBR1) and other pivotal genes in breast cancer stem cells,participated in the induction of new angiogenesis and cell migration,enabled the continuous self-renewal of BCSCs,decreased apoptosis and cell migration,thus promoting the recurrence and metastasis of breast cancer. KEGG results showed that Epimedii Folium intervened in multiple differential expressed genes(DEGs)of transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>(TGF-<italic>β</italic>),vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF),phosphoinositide 3kinase/protein kenase B(PI3K/Akt),mitogen-activated protein kinese(MAPK)and mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR)subpathways in cancer signaling pathways to exert its efficacy in intervening breast cancer stem cells. Experiments showed that the survival rate of breast cancer cells was significantly reduced and the expression levels of TGFBR1 and Smad2 in breast cancer cells significantly decreased after the intervention of Epimedii Folium drug-containing serum(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Several components in different concentrations of drug-containing serum of Epimedii Folium can synergistically act on target differentially expressed genes of breast cancer stem cells,and inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells by down-regulating the expression levels of TGFBR1,a key molecule in the TGF-<italic>β</italic> pathway,and Smad2,a downstream signal.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 748-752, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of multiple negative costimulatory molecules on peripheral blood T cells in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its affection on prognosis.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from patients with newly diagnosed AML, complete remission (CR), and no-remission (NR) were collected, the expression levels PD-1、VISTA and TIM-3 in CD4 and CD8 T cells were detected by flow cytometry , and the clinical data of patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of PD-1、VISTA and TIM-3 of CD4 and CD8 T cells in the newly diagnosed AML patients were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of PD-1、TIM-3 and VISTA of CD4 and CD8 T cells in the CR group were significantly lower than those in newly diagnosed and the NR group (P<0.05). The TIM-3 expression level positively correlated with VISTA expression level of CD4 and CD8 T cells in newly diagnosed AML patients (r=0.85 and 0.73). The VISTA and PD-1 expression level of CD4 T cells in newly diagnosed AML, NR after first induction chemotherapy and high risk patients significantly increased (P<0.05), the TIM-3 expression level of CD8 T cells in high risk group significantly increased (P<0.05), and the VISTA expression level of CD8 T cells in CBFβ-MYH11 mutation-positive group significantly decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of PD-1、TIM-3 and VISTA in AML peripheral blood T cells may be involved in the immune escape of AML and can be the targets of treatment for acute myeloid leukemia patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , B7 Antigens , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor
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