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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928048

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the drying effect of new spiral vibration drying technology on Chinese medicinal pills with Liuwei Dihuang Pills, Zhuanggu Guanjie Pills, and Muxiang Shunqi Pills as model drugs. With the drying uniformity, drying time, energy consumption, pill split, dissolution time, and change of index components as evaluation indicators, the drying effect of spiral vibration drying technology on model drugs was evaluated and compared with traditional drying methods, such as hot air drying and vacuum drying in the oven. The dynamic changes of moisture in Liuwei Dihuang Pills with different drying time were investigated. Compared with the traditional drying methods in the oven(hot air drying and vacuum drying) at 80 ℃, the spiral vibration drying only took 80 min, shortened by 80%, with 10%-13% energy consumed. The results showed that the moisture of Liuwei Dihuang Pills was negatively related to the drying time. By virtue of multi-layer countercurrent drying and super resonant fluidization techniques, the new spiral vibration drying technology can significantly improve the drying quality of Chinese medicinal pills, improve the drying efficiency, and enhance the manufacturing capacity of Chinese medicinal pills. This study is expected to provide references for the innovation and development of new drying technology of Chinese medicinal pills.


Subject(s)
China , Desiccation , Physical Therapy Modalities , Technology , Vibration
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927916

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the effect of co-amorphous technology in improving the dissolution rate and stability of silybin based on the puerarin-silybin co-amorphous system prepared by the spray-drying method. Solid-state characterization was carried out by powder X-ray diffraction(PXRD), polarizing microscopy(PLM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy(FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry(DSC), etc. Saturated powder dissolution, intrinsic dissolution rate, moisture absorption, and stability were further investigated. The results showed that puerarin and silybin formed a co-amorphous system at a single glass transition temperature which was higher than that of any crude drug. The intrinsic dissolution rate and supersaturated powder dissolution of silybin in the co-amorphous system were higher than those of the crude drug and amorphous system. The co-amorphous system kept stable for as long as three months under the condition of 40 ℃, 75% relative humidity, which was longer than that of the single amorphous silybin. Therefore, the co-amorphous technology could significantly improve the dissolution and stability of silybin.


Subject(s)
Calorimetry, Differential Scanning , Desiccation , Drug Compounding/methods , Drug Stability , Silymarin , Solubility , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Technology , X-Ray Diffraction
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927099

ABSTRACT

Multidrug resistance of tumors has been a severe obstacle to the success of cancer chemotherapy. The study wants to investigate the reversal effects of imperatorin (IMP) on doxorubicin (DOX) resistance in K562/DOX leukemia cells, A2780/Taxol cells and in NOD/SCID mice, to explore the possible molecular mechanisms. K562/ DOX and A2780/Taxol cells were treated with various concentrations of DOX and Taol with or without different concentrations of IMP, respectively. K562/DOX xenograft model was used to assess anti-tumor effect of IMP combined with DOX. MTT assay, Rhodamine 123 efflux assay, RT-PCR, and Western blot analysis were determined in vivo and in vitro. Results showed that IMP significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of DOX and Taxol toward corresponding resistance cells. In vivo results illustrated both the tumor volume and tumor weight were significantly decreased after 2-week treatment with IMP combined with DOX compared to the DOX alone group. Western blotting and RT-PCR analyses indicated that IMP downregulated the expression of P-gp in K562/DOX xenograft tumors in NOD/SCID mice. We also evaluated glycolysis and glutamine metabolism in K562/DOX cells by measuring glucose consumption and lactate production. The results revealed that IMP could significantly reduce the glucose consumption and lactate production of K562/DOX cells. Furthermore, IMP could also remarkably repress the glutamine consumption, α-KG and ATP production of K562/DOX cells. Thus, IMP may sensitize K562/DOX cells to DOX and enhance the antitumor effect of DOX in K562/DOX xenograft tumors in NOD/SCID mice. IMP may be an adjuvant therapy to mitigate the multidrug resistance in leukemia chemotherapy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between phase behavior of curcumin (CUR) from self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system (SNEDDS) and stability of the formed nanoemulsion in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. Method:The growth rate of precipitation after dispersion of CUR-SNEDDS was expressed by the change tendency of CUR supersaturation-time curve. The effect of drug loading on crystal nucleation and growth was investigated by ultraviolet-visible spectrometry and polarized light microscope, respectively. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to analyze the precipitation forms of CUR-SNEDDS with different drug loading in artificial gastrointestinal fluid. At the same time, the effect of drug loading on the quality stability of nanoemulsion formed by CUR-SNEDDS in artificial gastrointestinal fluid was investigated. Result:In the artificial gastrointestinal fluid, with the increase of drug loading, the area under the supersaturation-time curve of CUR was increased (100% drug loading≈90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the crystallization nucleation and growth rate were accelerated (100% drug loading>90% drug loading>75% drug loading), the amorphous proportion in the precipitation composition decreased, the nanoemulsion droplets adhered and distributed unevenly, the particle size and dispersivity were increased. Conclusion:High drug loading promotes the nucleation and growth of crystals, and increases the proportion of crystal forms in the precipitation composition, which leads to the decrease in the stability of the formed nanoemulsion. Therefore, it is suggested that the drug loading of CUR-SNEDDS needs to be controlled below 90%.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879012

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effects of Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate(HPMCAS MF) on absorption of silybin(SLB) from supersaturable self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system which was pre-prepared at the early stage experiment. The cell toxicity of self-emulsifying preparation was evaluated by the MTT method, and the in vitro membrane permeability and absorption promoting effect of the self-emulsifying preparation were evaluated by establishing a Caco-2 cell monolayer model. The in vivo and in vitro supersaturation correlation was evaluated via the blood concentration of SLB. The results of MTT showed that the concentration of the preparation below 2 mg·mL~(-1)(C_(SLB) 100 μg·mL~(-1)) was not toxic to Caco-2 cells, and the addition of polymer had no significant effect on Caco-2 cells viability. As compared with the solution group, the transport results showed that the P_(app)(AP→BL) of the self-emulsifying preparation had a very significant increase; the transport rate of silybin can be reduced by polymer in 0-30 min; however, there was no difference in supersaturated transport between supersaturated SLB self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system(SLB-SSNEDDS) and SLB self-nanoemulsion drug delivery system(SLB-SNEDDS) within 2 hours. As compared with SLB suspension, pharmacokinetic parameters showed that the blood concentration of both SLB-SNEDDS and SLB-SSNEDDS groups were significantly increased, and C_(max) was 5.25 times and 9.69 times respectively of that in SLB suspension group, with a relative bioavailability of 578.45% and 1 139.44% respectively. C_(max) and relative bioavailability of SLB-SSNEDDS were 1.85 times and 197% of those of SLB-SNEDDS, respectively. Therefore, on the one hand, SSNEDDS can increase the solubility of SLB in gastrointestinal tract by maintaining stability of SLB supersaturation state; on the other hand, the osmotic transport process of SLB was regulated through the composition of its preparations, and both of them could jointly promote the transport and absorption of SLB to improve the oral bioavailability of SLB.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Biological Availability , Caco-2 Cells , Drug Delivery Systems , Emulsions , Humans , Methylcellulose/analogs & derivatives , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Silymarin , Solubility
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878946

ABSTRACT

To verify the appropriate preparation process of extracts for the solid substance benchmark of Linggui Zhugan Decoction. The extracts were prepared by different preparation processes, namely the traditional process(process 1), the extract combined with volatile oil separated from traditional process extract liquid(process 2), the modern secondary reflux extraction process(process 3) and the process that volatile oil was extracted first, then prepared according to the traditional process, and combined with extract(process 4); based on the characteristic spectrum, index components of cinnamaldehyde, glycyrrhizin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, cinnamic acid, and the dry extract rate of process 1, the differences and similarities of four extracts were compared. The results showed that the similarity of the characteristic spectrum of process 2, process 4 and process 1 were all greater than 0.97, while there was no significant difference for the content of 4 quality control components and dry extract rate; the similarity of the characteristic spectrum of process 3 and process 1 was 0.91, the absolute peak area of 13 out of 21 peaks and the relative peak area of 7 peaks increased significantly, and the content of 3 out of 4 quality control components and dry extract rate also significantly increased. In conclusion, the material standards of extracts by the process 2 and 4 are consistent with that of the traditional process, so the two processes are suitable.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Oils, Volatile , Quality Control , Reference Standards
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828399

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the supersaturation and maintenance time of drug dispersion in curcumin self-nanoemulsion(CUR-SNEDDS), precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were introduced to prepare curcumin supersaturated self-emulsion(CUR-SSNEDDS). The composition of CUR-SNEDDS prescriptions was selected through the solubility test, the compatibility of oil phase and surfactant, the investigation of the emulsifying ability of the surfactant and the drawing of the pseudo-ternary phase diagram. Analytic hierarchy process was used in combination with central composite design-response surface method to optimize the prescription. The type and dosage of precipitation inhibitors(PPIs) were selected to maintain the supersaturated concentration and duration of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluids. At the same time, polarizing microscope was used to evaluate the crystallization inhibition effect and the quality and in vitro release behavior of CUR-SSNEDDS. The prepared CUR-SSNEDDS prescription was capryol 90-kolliphor RH40-transcutol HP-Soluplus(7.93∶66.71∶25.36∶5), with the drug loading of(65.12±1.25) mg·g~(-1). CUR-SSNEDDS was transparent yellow, and the nanoemulsion droplets were spherical with uniform distribution. The emulsification time was(21.02±0.13) s, the average particle size was(57.03±0.35) nm, the polydispersity index(PDI) was(0.23 ± 0.01), and the Zeta potential was(-18.10±1.30) mV. CUR-SSNEDDS significantly inhibited the generation and growth of crystals after in vitro dilution. The supersaturation could be maintained above 10 within 2 h, and the dissolution rate and degree of CUR in artificial gastrointestinal fluid were significantly increased. Soluplus could effectively maintain the supersaturated state of CUR and enhance CUR dissolution in vitro.


Subject(s)
Biological Availability , Curcumin , Emulsions , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Solubility , Surface-Active Agents
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2289-2295, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780329

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the influence of combinating Huangqi with Fuzi on the pharmacokinetics of six Aconitum alkaloids, i.e. aconitine (AC), hypaconitine (HA), mesaconitine (MA), benzoylaconine (BAC), benzoylhypaconine (BHA) and benzoylmesaconine (BMA). The plasma concentrations of the drugs were determined by LC-MS for dose response and time dependent curves. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 3.3, and SPSS 12.0 was used to analyze the differences of main pharmacokinetic parameters between the two groups. Comparing with Fuzi group, the AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ of six alkaloids in Fuzi-Huangqi group was significantly decreased, the CLz/Fof six alkaloids except HA was significantly increased; the Cmax was decreased and the tmax was prolonged in 3 monoester alkaloids, and the apparent volume of distribution of BMA and MA (Vz/F) increases. These data indicated that Huangqi can inhibit the absorption of aconite alkaloids, induce the distribution of aconite alkaloids to the whole body, and accelerate the elimination of aconite alkaloids. The animal experiment scheme in this study has been approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690523

ABSTRACT

This study attempts to establish a method for the anti-thrombin activty bioassay of musk, explore the impact of species and producing areas on the anti-thrombin activty of musk, and provide scientific basis for its biological quality evaluation. Anti-thrombin activty of musk was analyzed by thrombin titration, and the influence factors such as musk solution concentration, fibrinogen concentration, thrombin concentration and titration interval were optimized to evaluate the effect of different species and producing areas on anti-thrombin activty of musk. As a result, there was a good linear relationship between musk solution concentration and thrombin consumption volume within the range of 0.01-0.02 g·mL⁻¹ (=0.991 4) under the experimental condition as follows: fibrinogen concentration was 0.5%, the thrombin concentration was 10 U·mL⁻¹; titration time interval was once every minute, and each titration volume was 2 μL. The average anti-thrombin activty potency of Moschus berezovskii from different producing areas was (105.0±10.4) U·g⁻¹, (102.4±5.5) U·g⁻¹ for M. sifanicus from different producing areas, (97.7±6.6) U·g⁻¹ for M. moschiferus from Anhui province, and (58.6±6.4) U·g⁻¹ for artificial musk. The results indicated that this anti-thrombin activty bioassay method could be applied to evaluate the anti-thrombin activty of musk quickly, conveniently, sensitively and exactly. It was also suggested that different species and producing areas had effects on the anti-thrombin activty of musk, so it is necessary to pay attention to species and producing areas in the process of musk domestication; meanwhile, the artificial musk and natural musk also showed great differences in anti-thrombin activty, suggesting that ratio in artificial musk prescription needs to be further optimized.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275460

ABSTRACT

To study the correlation of four properties of traditional Chinese medicine and the function of reversing multidrug resistance (MDR) of tumor cells, with 580 herbs in Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2015 version as the research objects. CNKI, CBA, Wanfang, VIP, and PubMed were searched to screen the documents related to the reversal of MDR for collection, summarizing and analysis. The results of the research showed that a total of 114 species Chinese herbs had been reported to be associated with reversal of MDR in tumor cells. Among 15 Chinese herbs with heat nature, 7 herbs had the function of reversing MDR in tumor cells, accounting for 46.7%. Among the 48 herbs with cool nature, 12 herbs had the function of reversing MDR, accounting for 25%. Among the 211 herbs with cold nature, 46 herbs had the function of reversing MDR, accounting for 21.8%. Among the 179 herbs with warm nature, 34 herbs had the function of reversing MDR, accounting for 19%. Among the 127 herbs with neutral nature, 15 herbs had the function of reversing MDR, accounting for 11.8%. Through the analysis on the relationship between four properties of 114 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines and reversing multidrug resistance of tumor cells, this paper speculated that there was a certain correlation between four properties of traditional Chinese medicine and the function of reversing multidrug resistance of tumor cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338189

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to establish a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method for the determination of the docetaxel concentration in rat plasma, and study the effect of coumarin constituents (imperatorin, isoimperatorin and oxypeucedanin) in Angelica dahurica on pharmacokinetics of docetaxel.Plasma was precipitated with acetonitrile and determined by LC-MS method with Paclitaxel as an internal standard. The specificity, linearity, range, accuracy, precision and stability of the method were suitable for the determination of docetaxel in plasma.Six sprague-dawley rats in each group received intragastric administration of docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), oxypeucedanin (8 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), imperatorin (15 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹), and isoimperatorin(15 mg•kg⁻¹) combined with docetaxel (50 mg•kg⁻¹).Their drug plasma concentration was determined by LC-MS with Paclitaxel as an internal standard to draw plasma concentration-time curve, and the phamacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2.0. The results showed that the phamacokinetic parameters of docetaxel all had notable changes when combined with imperatorin, isoimperatorin, and oxypeucedanin, respectively. The phamacokinetic parameters AUC and Cmax were significantly increased, indicating that coumarin constituents in Angelica dahurica could promote the oral bioavailability of docetaxel, and their effects were in the following order: oxypeucedanin> isoimperatorin> imperatorin.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256077

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of key physical properties of hawthorn leaf granule on its dissolution behavior. Hawthorn leaves extract was utilized as a model drug. The extract was mixed with microcrystalline cellulose or starch with the same ratio by using different methods. Appropriate amount of lubricant and disintegrating agent was added into part of the mixed powder, and then the granules were prepared by using extrusion granulation and high shear granulation. The granules dissolution behavior was evaluated by using equilibrium dissolution quantity and dissolution rate constant of the hypericin as the indicators. Then the effect of physical properties on dissolution behavior was analyzed through the stepwise regression analysis method. The equilibrium dissolution quantity of hypericin and adsorption heat constant in hawthorn leaves were positively correlated with the monolayer adsorption capacity and negatively correlated with the moisture absorption rate constant. The dissolution rate constants were decreased with the increase of Hausner rate, monolayer adsorption capacity and adsorption heat constant, and were increased with the increase of Carr index and specific surface area. Adsorption heat constant, monolayer adsorption capacity, moisture absorption rate constant, Carr index and specific surface area were the key physical properties of hawthorn leaf granule to affect its dissolution behavior.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307153

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for the determination of three volatile components: menthone, menthol and pulegone in Yinqiao powder (YQP) decoction, explore the change rules of volatile components in decocting process, and provide evidence for elucidating the scientific connotation of its traditional decocting method "taking when the fragrance is volatilized fiercely". YQP decoctions with different decocting time were prepared, and GC-MS was used to qualitatively analyze the volatile components and determine the contents of menthone, menthol and pulegone in decoctions. Then the effects of different decocting time on contents of volatile components were investigated. The results showed that the volatile components in YQP decoctions mainly come from Menthae Haplocalycis Herba, Schizonepetae Herba and Forsythiae Fructus. With the extension of decocting time, the concentrations of all the above 3 volatile components in Yinqiao powder decoction were first increased and then decreased. When soaking for 30 minutes, as well as boiling for 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 minutes, the concentrations of menthone in YQP decoction were 0.058, 0.268, 0.216, 0.073, 0.065, 0.048, 0.048, 0.041, 0.038, 0.034 mg•L ⁻¹; the concentrations of menthol were 0.965, 2.847, 3.633, 2.420, 1.539, 1.189, 1.273, 1.188, 0.905, 0.663 mg•L ⁻¹; the concentrations of pulegone were 0.355, 0.522, 0.598, 0.477, 0.374, 0.374, 0.339, 0.355, 0.248, 0.251 mg•L ⁻¹; and the total concentrations were 1.377, 3.637, 4.446, 2.970, 1.979, 1.611, 1.660, 1.583, 1.191, 0.947 mg•L ⁻¹, respectively. The results showed that the contents of menthone, menthol and pulegone in YQP decoctions were heavily influenced by the decocting time. The fragrance was volatilized fiercely at about 5 minutes after boiling, with larger concentrations of the above three volatile components in decoction; the fragrance got weak after 15 minutes of boiling, the concentrations of menthone, menthol and pulegone in YQP decoctions were significantly decreased, indicating that the traditional decocting method "taking when the fragrance is volatilized fiercely" has some scientific foundation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284743

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for the determination of chemical specific chromatograms and five components in Yinqiao powder decoction, and provide basis for elucidating the scientific connotation of ″taking in when the fragrance volatilized fiercely″. Yinqiao powder decoctions with different decocting times were prepared to study the changes of chemical components during decocting process. Specific chromatograms and contents of chlorogenic acid, phillyrin, arctiin, liquiritin and glycyrrhizin were determined by high performance liquid chromatography. According to the results, the similarities of Yinqiao powder decoctions with different decocting times were high, which indicated that their chemical compositions were similar. The dissolutions of the five components in Yinqiao powder reached more than 39.7% of 2 hour maximum dissolution amounts (MDA) after 20 minutes of soaking, more than 69.5% of MDA when boiling, more than 79.1% of MDA at the 5th minute after boiling, and more than 85.7% of MDA at the 10th minute after boiling. The concentrations of five components were not increasing obviously after 15 minutes of boiling (RSD<4.3%). The fragrance volatilized fiercely at about the 5th minute after boiling, which indicated that the contents of volatile components in Yinqiao powder decoctions were high, but it became weak after boiling for 15 minutes, which indicated that the contents of volatile components in Yinqiao powder decoctions were low. The results showed that the contents of five components in Yinqiao powder decoctions were heavily influenced by the decocting time. When boiling for about 5 minutes, the fragrance volatilized fiercely, both the contents of volatile components and non-volatile components were high. It is suggested that the traditional decocting method has a certain scientific basis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250415

ABSTRACT

To study the improvement of powder flowability and hygroscopicity of traditional Chinese medicine extract by surface coating modification technology. The 1% hydrophobic silica nanoparticles were used as surface modifier, and andrographis extract powder was taken as a model drug. Three different techniques were used for coating model drugs, with angle of repose, compressibility, flat angle and cohesion as the comprehensive evaluation indexes for the powder flowability. The powder particle size and the size distribution were measured by Mastersizer 2000. FEI scanning electron microscope was used to observe the surface morphology and structure of the powder. The percentage of Si element on the powder surface was measured by energy dispersive spectrometer. The hygroscopicity of powder was determined by Chinese pharmacopoeia method. All of the three techniques can improve the flowability of powder extract. In particular, hygroscopicity of extract powder can also be improved by dispersion and then high-speed mixing, which can produce a higher percentage of Si element on the powder surface. The improvement principle may be correlated with a modifier adhered to the powder surface.

16.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 572-577, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the process parameters and granulation behavior during high shear granulation process. METHODS: Andrographis extract was utilized as a model drug and mixed with microcryslalline cellulose (MCC) or soluble starch at the ratio of 1:1 by weigh, respectively. The process parameters were selected according to fractional factorial experiment. The granules were prepared by using high shear granulation. The aggregation behavior was evaluated by granule yield and ratio of lumps and fine powder. The effect of process parameters on granulation behavior was analyzed through stepwise regression. Standard least squares regression analysis was used to establish the mathematical model of granule yield. RESULTS: The process parameters had different effects on the granulation behaviors of MCC and starch mixtures. The granule yield predicted by the fitting model was (66.66 ± 3.7)%, and the measured values for MCC and starch mixture were 68.9% and 66.1%, respectively. CONCULSION: The established mathematical model is useful in predicting the performance of materials duing high shear granulation process. Understanding the impact of process parameters on granulation behavior provides the basis of modulating granulation parameters in order to optimize product performance and improve the yield.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341862

ABSTRACT

It was difficult to prepare traditional Chinese medicine pellets due to the adverse characteristics of the herbal extract. In this study, Danshen extract (DS) powder mixed with different proportions of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), lactose and starch were made into pellets by extrusion-spheronization. Particle size, span, bulk density, tapping density, compressibility, Hausner ratio and angle of repose were used to evaluate the micromeritic properties of mixing powders. Feret diameter, aspect ratio, yield, density and friability were used to evaluate the properties of the pellets. The correlations between micromeritic properties of raw material powders and the formability of their pellets were analyzed by cluster analysis, principal component analysis and partial least squares regression analysis. As a result, the particle size of the powders was negatively correlated with the size, density, yield, and was positively correlated with the friability of their pellets. The span, density, compressibility and angle of repose of the powders were positively correlated with the size, density, yield, and were negatively correlated with the friability of their pellets. So there were certain correlations between the micromeritic properties of raw material powders and the properties of their pellets prepared by extrusion-spheronization. This research provided a foundation for the technology and method of traditional Chinese medicine extract pellets.


Subject(s)
Cellulose , Chemistry , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drug Implants , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Excipients , Chemistry , Lactose , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Particle Size , Powders , Chemistry , Starch , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310997

ABSTRACT

The impact of key physical properties on granulated products by the high-speed mixing wet method was studied. Andrographis extracts were utilized as the model drug. Four processing methods were adopted to prepare mixed powder of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) and starch with the mass ratio 1:0.5, 1:1 and 1:2 by the high-speed mixing wet method. The properties of the prepared granules were evaluated with such indexes as granule yield, the ratio of lumps and fine powder, granule-AOR and granule-HR. The impact of key physical properties on granulated products was analyzed through stepwise regression analysis. The results showed that angle of repose, moisture content, pore volume, density and contact angle with water were key physical properties of the powder. The key physical properties of Chinese medical extracts powder are the important factor impacting granulated products made by the high-speed mixing wet method. In this study, the impact of key physical properties on granulated products of Chinese medical extracts was analyzed from the physical angle.


Subject(s)
Andrographis , Chemistry , Drug Compounding , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Particle Size , Powders , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319622

ABSTRACT

With the content of gallic acid, loganin, paeoniflorin and paeonol as the indexes, to screen out dissolution determination conditions, establish the dissolution determination method for multi-index components in Liuwei Dihuang concentrated pills, calculate and map the accumulative dissolution curve, and then compare the dissolution of products from different pharmaceutical factories through the similarity factor (f2). According to the results, the optimum dissolution determination conditions were the paddle method, with 250 mL 0.1 mol x L(-1) hydrochloric acid as the dissolution medium, and a rotation rate of 100 r x min(-1). The similarity factor values (f2) of the dissolution curves of the four main components of Liuwei Dihuang concentrated pills from different pharmaceutical factories were mostly less than 50. This demonstrated a significant difference in the dissolution of Liuwei Dihuang concentrated pills from different pharmaceutical factories, and provided scientific basis for improving the equality evaluation of Liuwei Dihuang concentrated pills.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Humans , Organic Chemicals , Quality Control , Solvents , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854795

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the dynamic distribution of moistening agent in Andrographis paniculata granule (APG) during the high shear wet granulation (HSG). Methods: A. paniculata extract was utilized as a model drug and mixed with microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) with the ratio of 1∶1.5 by weight. The granules were prepared using HSG with 60% ethanol as the moistening agent. Sodium fluorescein was incorporated as a tracer in the moistening agent in order to detect its distribution in the granules during the process. Results: The moistening agent was heterogeneously distributed at the beginning of the process, fractional powder was over wetted, meanwhile partial powder was not wetted, and granule size distribution was polarization. The moistening agent tended to be evenly distributed and the granule size distribution presented nearly unimodal distribution with the increase of granulation time. Conclusion: The distribution of moistening agent obeys the first-order kinetics model during HSG of APG.

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