Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 25
Filter
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1826-1830, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817240

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of long-effect and short-effect granulocyte stimulating factor in prevention and treatment of bone marrow suppression induced by chemotherapy for lung malignancies, and to provide reference for rational drug use in the clinic. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted for 132 cases who used granulocyte stimulating factor to prevent and treat bone marrow suppression induced by chemotherapy for lung malignancies in the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University during Jan. 2017 to Jun. 2018. Among them, 60 cases were treated with Recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor injection (short-effect, group A), and 72 cases were treated with Polyethylene glycol recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor injection (long-effect, group B). Clinical efficacies, the occurrence of bone marrow suppression and ADR were compared between 2 groups. Cost was calculated, and cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted. Sensitivity analysis was conducted by down-regulating 20% drug price. RESULTS: The total response rates of group A and B were 71.7% and 75.0%, without statistical significance (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in the incidence and duration of bone marrow suppression or the incidence of ADR (P>0.05). Average treatment costs of the two groups were (335.91±180.34) and (1 982.75±603.15) yuan; the cost of group A was significantly lower than that of group B (P<0.05). The cost-effectiveness ratio of them were 4.69 and 26.44, while group A as a reference, incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of group B was 494.55. The sensitivity analysis results were in agreement with the cost-effectiveness analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of Recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor injection is similar to that of Polyethylene glycol recombinant human granulocyte stimulating factor injection for the prevention and treatment of bone marrow suppression induced by chemotherapy for lung malignancies. But the cost-effectiveness ratio of the former is lower than that of the latter.

2.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 744-747, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807347

ABSTRACT

Obiective@#To explore the method and clinical effect of epicanthal plasty.@*Methods@#Transverse incision of epicanthus was applied on the horizontal line of the epicanthus to separate and release the orbicularis oculi muscle and the fibrous tissue and moderately remove the abnormal orbicularis oculi muscle. The redundant triangular flap under the incision was removed, and the superficial ligament of epicanthus was sutured and fixed to the dorsal nasal fascia with 1 stitch, so as to achieve correcting the epicanthus.@*Results@#The epicanthus of the 121 patients was corrected after the surgery with their lacrimal caruncle exposed. The appearance of the endocanthion is pleasing, the skin of the endocanthion is smooth, the scar is invisible, and the oculi rimae is lengthened 1 to 3 mm.@*Conclusions@#The operation has achieved a satisfactory effect. Therefore, the horizontal transection to remove the triangular flap is applicable for most epicanthus due to its simplicity and practicality, as well as the invisible scar and simultaneous manipulation with other operations. These features might be significant for a wider clinical application.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 706-708, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502070

ABSTRACT

Two hundred and twenty five children aged 4-12 years with phimosis were treated by flexible dilatation combined with topical betamethasone cream from January 2003 to January 2015.Two hundred and eight cases (92.44%) were completely cured and penile edema and urination were returned to normal 7 d after a single operation;while,17 children received 2-3 additional flexible expansion.During follow-up of 2-24 months,221 children achieved the cure standards with an overall cure rate of 98.22%.Flexible dilatation combined with topical betamethasone cream is effective modality for phimosis in children,with less surgical trauma and low complication rate.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 8-10, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472995

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce an operative method of rhytidectomy with W-incision and fewer complications for facial rejuvenation.Methods A total of 84 patients were treated with rhytidectomy by multi-methods and followed up from January 2007 to December 2012.The rhytidectomy was done along the temporal hairline edge through the combined procedures,including sharp and blunt separation,liposuction and filling with autologous fat,tighting and fixing the fascial flap of superficial musculoaponeurotic system,as well as the suspension of the zygomatic cheek fiber fat pad.Results Follow-up for 3 moths to 2 years after surgery in 84 patients showed that the wound was healing with good concealment and without complications such as facial nerve injury or local uneven.All the cases achieved good results in facelift with high satisfaction rate after the combined operations.Conclusions This combined rhytidectomy is safe,effective,simple and easy.And it is a good and ideal approach of facial rejuvenation worthy of clinical application.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 293-298, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447075

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the clinical profile and neuro-imaging findings of the right temporal lobe variant of semantic dementia (RTLV),and to understand the relationship between anatomic and function by comparison to the left temporal lobe atrophy.Methods Of 70 patients with diagnosis of frontotemporal dementia in our memory clinic,three patients with right temporal lobe atrophy were identified based on the MRI scans.We obtained the profile of cognitive function,behavior and personality changes in these 3 patients and compared them with those in 5 semantic dementia (SD) patients with predominant leftsided temporal lobe atrophy.We also underwent 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET) with statistical parametric mapping analysis in these 3 patients.Results In RTLV patients,the most prominent cognitive deficits were impairment of prosopagnosia,and getting lost.Variety behavioral symptoms including apathy,social disinhibition,stereotypy,compulsive behaviors were more prevalent in early course for patients with RTLV,which were different from SD patients with semantic loss began with anomia or single-word comprehension.18F-FDG-PET scan showed decreased metabolism mainly in right temporal lobe and in other brain regions with varying degrees.Conclusions The RTLV is clinical heterogeneous.Prosopagnosia,behavioral changes and getting lost are the main features in the early course.It therefore,might be proposed a separate clinical entity.

6.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 424-427, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343420

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of delayed skin grafting combined traction in severe joint cicatricial contracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>At the first stage, the joint cicatricial contracture was released completely with protection of vessels, nerves and tendons. The wound was covered with allogenetic skin or biomaterials. After skin traction for 7-14 days, the joint could reach the extension position. Then the skin graft was performed on the wound. 25 cases were treated from Mar. 2000 to May. 2013.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Primary healing was achieved at the second stage in all the cases. The skin graft had a satisfactory color and elasticity. Joint function was normal. All the patients were followed up for 3 months to 11 years with no hypertrophic scar and contraction relapse, except for one case who didn' t have enough active exercise on shoulder joint.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Delayed skin grafting combined traction can effectively increase the skin graft survival rate and improve the joint function recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Biocompatible Materials , Therapeutic Uses , Cicatrix, Hypertrophic , Combined Modality Therapy , Methods , Contracture , General Surgery , Recovery of Function , Recurrence , Skin Transplantation , Methods , Tendons , Traction , Methods , Wound Healing
7.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 906-911, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343159

ABSTRACT

This study examined the incidence, neuropsychological characteristics and risk factors of cognitive impairment 3 months after stroke in China. Five regions that differed in geography and economy in China were selected. Patients from the hospitals located in the five regions were prescreened at admission, and the demographic data, vascular risk factors and clinical characteristics of stroke were obtained. A battery of cognitive-specific domain tests was performed in the patients who failed to pass cognitive screening 3 months post stroke. Patients were diagnosed as having post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) or no cognitive impairment (NCI) based on the results of the neuropsychological tests. Univariate analysis was performed for suspect risk factors, and significant variables were entered in multivariable logistic regression analysis. Our results showed that a total of 633 patients were recruited 3 months after stroke; complete cognitive tests were performed in 577 of the stroke patients. The incidence of PSCI in these Chinese patients was 30.7%. There were 129 (22.4%) patients with visuospatial impairment, 67 (11.6%) with executive impairment, 60 (10.4%) with memory impairment and 18 (3.1%) with attention impairment. The risk factors associated with PSCI were older age (odds ratio [OR] 1.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-2.58), low education level (OR 2.45, 95% CI 1.65-3.64), depressive symptom (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.09-2.61), obesity (OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.41-4.71), stroke severity 3 months post stroke (OR 1.62, 95%CI 1.10-2.37) and cortex lesion (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.04-2.31). It was concluded that PSCI occurs commonly 3 months after first-ever stroke in Chinese patients. Visuospatial ability may be the most frequently impaired cognitive domain for the patients with stroke. The critical risk factors of PSCI are older age, low education level, depressive symptom, obesity, stroke severity 3 months post stroke and cortex lesion.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Epidemiology , Cognition Disorders , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Incidence , Risk Factors , Stroke
8.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 906-11, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636658

ABSTRACT

This study examined the incidence, neuropsychological characteristics and risk factors of cognitive impairment 3 months after stroke in China. Five regions that differed in geography and economy in China were selected. Patients from the hospitals located in the five regions were prescreened at admission, and the demographic data, vascular risk factors and clinical characteristics of stroke were obtained. A battery of cognitive-specific domain tests was performed in the patients who failed to pass cognitive screening 3 months post stroke. Patients were diagnosed as having post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) or no cognitive impairment (NCI) based on the results of the neuropsychological tests. Univariate analysis was performed for suspect risk factors, and significant variables were entered in multivariable logistic regression analysis. Our results showed that a total of 633 patients were recruited 3 months after stroke; complete cognitive tests were performed in 577 of the stroke patients. The incidence of PSCI in these Chinese patients was 30.7%. There were 129 (22.4%) patients with visuospatial impairment, 67 (11.6%) with executive impairment, 60 (10.4%) with memory impairment and 18 (3.1%) with attention impairment. The risk factors associated with PSCI were older age (odds ratio [OR] 1.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-2.58), low education level (OR 2.45, 95% CI 1.65-3.64), depressive symptom (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.09-2.61), obesity (OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.41-4.71), stroke severity 3 months post stroke (OR 1.62, 95%CI 1.10-2.37) and cortex lesion (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.04-2.31). It was concluded that PSCI occurs commonly 3 months after first-ever stroke in Chinese patients. Visuospatial ability may be the most frequently impaired cognitive domain for the patients with stroke. The critical risk factors of PSCI are older age, low education level, depressive symptom, obesity, stroke severity 3 months post stroke and cortex lesion.

9.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 483-490, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306835

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the mortality and epidemiological pattern of dementia and its various major subtypes among urban and rural senior residents in Beijing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on Beijing's dementia prevalence survey among residents aged 55 years and above in 1997, respondents were selected by stratified multiple-stage cluster sampling and 12 urban communities and 17 rural village communities were randomly sampled then follow-up in 2001. COX regression was used to analyze relative risks controlling confounding factors on deaths of dementia cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mortality of dement patients in the 55-64 age-group was 0.82/100 person-year. The age-standardized mortality of dement cases was 0.90/100 person-year. The mortality in the 65 and above age-group was 1.44/100 person-year, and the age-standardized mortality was 1.56/100 person-year. Among AD cases, the above two mortalities were 0.35/100 and 0.42/100 person-year respectively, and among VaD cases, 0.34/100 and 0.36/100 person-year respectively. For both AD and VaD cases, their mortality increased with age. Region, gender and age were more significant to survival of AD cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>One major subtype of dementia, AD, among elderly urban and rural residents in Beijing, has a different mortality and epidemiological pattern from VaD.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Mortality , Cause of Death , China , Epidemiology , Dementia , Mortality , Neoplasms , Mortality , Prevalence , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Mortality , Rural Population , Urban Population
10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 572-576, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388297

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence rate, onset time and electrophysiological characteristics of rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and the relationship between RBD and synucleinopathies as well as the electrophysiological diagnostic criteria of RBD in Parkinson' s disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). Methods Sleep survey and night video-polysomnography (NPSG)were used to study sleep disturbance of PD and MSA. (1) Subjective sleep assessments: All subjects,including 66 PD patients, 65 age and sex matched healthy controls and 30 MSA patients, completed the sleep questionnaires, and the RBD incidence rate and onset time were got. (2) Objective sleep assessments: 8 PD patients, 13 MSA patients, and 15 age and sex matched healthy controls underwent video-NPSG recording on two consecutive nights. Sleep architect were analyzed. The NPSG characteristics of RBD accompany with PD and MSA were analyzed, and the electrophysiological diagnostic varameters of it were determined. Results Patients with PD or MSA had a higher prevalence of RBD. RBD was found in 59. 1% (39/66) PD patients and 86. 6% (26/30) MSA patients, among those, 46. 2% ( 18/39 ) and 84.6% (22/26) had the waking symptoms of MSA and PD. The main NPSG characteristics of RBD of PD or MSA were chin REM without atonia (RWA) and increased movement. Conclusions The relatively higher RBD prevalence in MSA and PD patients indicates that RBD has close relationship with PD and MSA.Part of patients with RBD preceding neurology disease indicates that RBD may be the early marker of PD and MSA. The main NPSG characteristics of RBD accompany with PD and MSA are chin RWA and the motor manifestations. RWA and phasic EMG activity density are supposed to be the NPSG diagnostic parameters.

11.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 36-39, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401782

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the distribution of Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA)scores in terms of age and educational level in Chinese residents aged 50 years and over and to offer a benchmark for a cutoff score.Methods A total of 281 residents aged 50 years or older was drawn randomly in the urban areas of Beijing,including 215 healthy elderly controls(NC)and 66 patients meeting the clinical criteria of mild cognitive impairment(MCI).The final scores for MoCA were given in the form of mean percentage distributions specific for age,sex and educational level so as to compare the validity of MMSE mini-mental state examination and MoCA in detecting MCI.By a fitting muhiple regression model the influenee of the factors on MMSE and MoCA was assessed.Results Using a cutoff score of 26.MMSE had a sensitivity of 24.2%to detect MCI.whereas MoCA detected 92.4%of the MCI subiects.We found a bivariate correlation between MoCA scores and both the factors of age and educational level(P<0.001).Conclusions MoCA iS a brief cognitive screening tool with high sensitivity and specificity for detecting MCI as currently conceptualized in patients performing normally on MMSE.Our adiustment in the cutoff scores would improve the detection of MCI and Alzheimer'S disease by reducing the number of false negatives.MoCA scores should be used to identify current cognitive difficulties but not to make formal diagnoses.

12.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 690-692, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399775

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value of electronic administration analysis system used for pre-hospitalrecords in comparison with statistic data processed manually. Method The data of 'first aid medical records'collected from June 26, 2007 to December 26, 2007 in Wuxi Emergency Center, Wuxi, China were taken for anal-ysis. The items for comparison included the average number of emergency patients monthly, percentage of intra-venous infusion, proportion of ECG and blood oxygen saturation monitoring, rate of blood glucose measurement,number of pre-hospital treatment, frequency of using medical devices and time taken for answer to inquires. Thecomparison was carried out between statistic data processed manually and those processed electronically. ResultsBetween two different methods of statistic process, there were no significant in all items ( P > 0.05) except theshorter time required for electronic process to answer the inquires (P<0.01). Conclusions The electronic ad-ministration analysis system for the records of emergency patients is fully developed to meet the expectation in termsof quick answer to inquries with credibly and precisely numerical values.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 524-527, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399266

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the offactory function test in Parkinson' s disease(PD), in order to promote the diagnosis of the PD. Methods Subjects included 95 middle-aged volunteers and 37 Pdpatients. A subjective olfactometry with T&T olfactometer was performed in all volunteers and patients.Olfactory event related potentials with isoamyl acetate were obtained in all volunteers and patients. Results The T&T olfactometer Results for the 2 sides were 4.6±1.1,4.4±1.2 in PD patients older than 70 years old and 3.9±1.7, 4.0±1.7 in those, respectively; while the data were 0.4±0.9,0.4±0.9 in volunteers older than 70 years, were 0.5±0.8,0.5±0.8 younger than 70 years old. There was a significant differencein T&T olfactometer Results between PD and volunteers (t=15.246,15.378,8.664,8.776, P<0.01). TheP2 latencies were respectively (734.9±143.2), (696.1±165.9) ms for the 2 sides in PD older than 70years, and (730.5±159.4), (719.5±159.2) ms in PD younger than 70 years;while they were (547.9±65.0), (558.5±56.3) ms, and (523.3±61.9), (526.8±62.0) ms in volunteers younger than 70 years.There was a significant difference in P2 latency between PD and volunteers (t = -3.940, -3.750,- 7. 514, - 8.205,P<0.01). Conclusions Olfactory dysfunction is an important index in PD. Olfactory function test is an useful method in the diagnosis of PD.

14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 835-839, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397626

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4,ε2 alleles and intrauterine growth.Methods ApoE genotypes of 1418 people born in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were analyzed,allele frequencies were calculated and their parameters at birth were collected.To compare ApoE ε4,ε2 alleles with parameters at birth through single factor analysis and Logistic regression analysis.Results The alleLic frequencies of e2,83 and 84 were 8.11%,83.39% and 8.50% in the group.The results of single factor analysis showed that there was significant difference between the distribution of ponderal index (PI) in the ApoE ε2 allele group(χ2=4.87 ,P=0.027).While there was no significant difference between the distribution of head circumference at birth,placental weight and gestational age in the ApoE ε2 allele group.ApoE ε2 allele showed negative correlation with small PI in the logistic regression analysis(χ2=5.077 ,P=0.024),after adjusted for gender,age,head circumference at birth,placental weight,gestational age,parity and maternal age at delivery.No association between ApoE ε4 allele and parameters at birth was found.Conclusions ApoE ε2 allele may have protective effect on PI.No association was found between ApoE ε4 allele and intrauterine growth.

15.
Chinese Archives of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528421

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the expression of PTEN and VEGF gene in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and their clinical significance. METHODS The expression of PTEN and VEGF gene were examined by using immunohistochemical S-P staining method in 10 cases of normal tissues, 20 cases of para-tumor tissues and 60 cases of LSCC. RESULTS The positive rates of PTEN in normal tissues, para-tumor tissues and LSCC were 100.0 %, 95.0 %, and 70.0 % respectively (P<0.05),and VEGF protein showed positive expression of 20.0 %,50.0 %,73.3% in normal, para-tumor and LSCC tissues with statistical significance(P<0.05), In LSCC, the expression of PTEN and VEGF was positively correlated with TNM stage, differentiation of tumor, cervical and distant metastasis of lymph node, 3-year survive rate of patients(P<0.05),No significant association was observed in expression of PTEN and VEGF with tumor location,patient's age and sex(P>0.05). Spearman correlation analysis revealed that PTEN was negatively correlated with VEGF expression(?=-0.3948, P=0.0018). CONCLUSION The aberrant expression of PTEN and VEGF may play a role in occurrence, progression and metastasis of LSCC.

16.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589444

ABSTRACT

The Apolipoprotein E(APOE)gene plays important roles in the pathogenesis of the Alzheimer disease(AD).It is clear that APOE gene is closely related with dementia in the elderly.In recent years,extensive researches regarding the relationship between APOE gene polymorphism and AD has been conducted in both health population and patients with AD using molecular biology technique.This paper reviewed the progress in this field for sharing some fundamental information on the research in AD.

17.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12)2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-544206

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relation between intrauterine growth and the development of carotid atherosclerosis in later life. Methods The intima-media thickness of carotid was measured with ultrasonography in 2036 people aged above fifty who had complete birth records, and divided into normal and abnormal group. They were asked to fill in the cardio-cerebrovascular questionnaire, and venous blood samples were taken and analysed for various biochemical parameters. The relation between carotid atherosclerosis and various parameters at birth and in adult life was assessed. Results The birthweight and head circumference in abnormal group were less than those in normal. The prevalence of carotid atherosclerosis was greatest in those weighed 2500g or less, whose risk of carotid atherosclerosis was greater than those weighed between 3000g and 3500g, after adjustment for cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions Increased atherogenesis may be one independent mechanism mediating the epidemiological link between impaired fetal growth and vascular disease.

18.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 54-56, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244300

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between Alzheimer's disease and its family history of the patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Stratified analyses and logistic regression analysis were used to examine the association between Alzheimer's disease and its family history exposure in 127 cases and 254 matched controls from a population-based case-control study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The risk of Alzheimer's disease was significantly higher in those who had at least one first-degree relative with dementia or major psychosis as compared to those who had no dementia or major relatives with psychosis (OR = 6.25; 8.33). Adjusted for age and level of education, family history of dementia was still associated with Alzheimer's disease positively (OR = 2.07).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study provides evidence that familial aggregation of Alzheimer's disease might exist among people living Beijing.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alzheimer Disease , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Dementia , Genetics , Family Health , Psychotic Disorders , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of New Drugs and Clinical Remedies ; (12): 97-100, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-411487

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the efficacy and safety of dispersible formulation of levodopa-benserazide on the parkinson disease. METHODS: The multicenter, open-label, self-controlled trial was conducted at 23 hospitals in 15 cities. Two hundred and four patients with idiopathic parkinson who had received standard levodopa-benserazide previously participated in this study. Dispersible levodopa-benserazide instead of standard levodopa-benserazide for 8 wk as a course. The Webster rating scale and patient diary were applied to assess the efficacy and safety of dispersible levodopa-benserazide. RESULTS: The medication with dispersible levodopa-benserazide increased “on” time by 47 min, decreased “off” time by 11 min, and speeded the onset of “on” time by 37 min. The Webster score was improved by 25 %. Statistical significant difference was calculated (P<0.01). Slight and few adverse reactions were found. CONCLUSION: Dispersible formulation of levodopa-benserazide is a powerful anti-parkinsonian drug characterized by oral easy use and rapid reach to therapeutic action after ingestion. This drug is particularly used in the parkinsonian patients with morning akinesia, delayed onset of “on” time, afternoon “off” status and dysphagia.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-555911

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the possible white matter damage and to define the location of the damage in Alzheimer′s disease (AD) with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods Twenty-four AD patients and twenty-one age-matched healthy volunteers received conventional and DTI scanning.The ADC and FA of white matter in temporal, parietal, frontal lobe and cingulum were measured respectively and the data underwent postprocessing.Results FA value of the whiter matter in frontal, parietal, temporal and cingulum in AD patients was 0.37?0.06, 0.32?0.05, 0.26?0.03, and 0.47?0.09, respectively, and ADC value was 9.50 e-10?2.02 e-10, 10.55 e-10?1.43 e-10, 11.45 e-10?0.76 e-10, and 10.10 e-10?2.18 e-10, respectively;FA value of the same corresponding regions in control was 0.44?0.06, 0.38?0.05, 0.32?0.05, and 0.56?0.06, respectively, and ADC value was 8.75 e-10? 1.63 e-10, 9.83 e-10?0.99 e-10, 11.13 e-10?0.78 e-10, and 8.28 e-10?1.65 e-10, respectively.FA value of the whiter matter in frontal, parietal, temporal, lobe and cingulum decreased (P≤0.006) and ADC value increased in cingulum white matter (P≤0.006) in AD patients.Conclusion DTI could reveal the damage in white matter of frontal, temporal, parietal lobe and cingulum.It suggested that not only the gray matter is injuried, but also the white matter is abnormal in AD patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL