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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1349-1357, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980848

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Dysfunction of the gap junction channel protein connexin 43 (Cx43) contributes to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced ventricular arrhythmias. Cx43 can be regulated by small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification. Protein inhibitor of activated STAT Y (PIASy) is an E3 SUMO ligase for its target proteins. However, whether Cx43 is a target protein of PIASy and whether Cx43 SUMOylation plays a role in I/R-induced arrhythmias are largely unknown.@*METHODS@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were infected with PIASy short hairpin ribonucleic acid (shRNA) using recombinant adeno-associated virus subtype 9 (rAAV9). Two weeks later, the rats were subjected to 45 min of left coronary artery occlusion followed by 2 h reperfusion. Electrocardiogram was recorded to assess arrhythmias. Rat ventricular tissues were collected for molecular biological measurements.@*RESULTS@#Following 45 min of ischemia, QRS duration and QTc intervals statistically significantly increased, but these values decreased after transfecting PIASy shRNA. PIASy downregulation ameliorated ventricular arrhythmias induced by myocardial I/R, as evidenced by the decreased incidence of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, and reduced arrythmia score. In addition, myocardial I/R statistically significantly induced PIASy expression and Cx43 SUMOylation, accompanied by reduced Cx43 phosphorylation and plakophilin 2 (PKP2) expression. Moreover, PIASy downregulation remarkably reduced Cx43 SUMOylation, accompanied by increased Cx43 phosphorylation and PKP2 expression after I/R.@*CONCLUSION@#PIASy downregulation inhibited Cx43 SUMOylation and increased PKP2 expression, thereby improving ventricular arrhythmias in ischemic/reperfused rats heart.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Connexin 43/genetics , Sumoylation , Down-Regulation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 265-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982156

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Since the popularization of computed tomography (CT) technology, the detection rate of pulmonary ground glass nodules (GGNs) with imaging follow-up as the main management method has increased significantly. The purpose of this study is to quantitatively analyze the changes of pulmonary GGNs during the follow-up process with three-dimensional reconstruction technology, explore the natural progression of pulmonary GGNs, and provide effective basis for clinical guidance for patients to conduct reasonable management of nodules.@*METHODS@#A total of 115 cases of pulmonary GGNs with regular follow-up in the Combined Outpatient Department of Zhoushan Hospital from March 2015 to November 2022 were enrolled. Quantitative imaging features of nodules were extracted by semi-automatic segmentation of 3D Slicer software to evaluate the growth of nodules and clinical intervention during follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The average baseline age of the patients was (56.9±10.1) yr. The mean follow-up time was (48.8±18.9) months. The two-dimensional diameter of baseline CT scan was (7.9±2.9) mm, and the maximum three-dimensional diameter was (10.1±3.4) mm. The two-dimensional diameter of the last CT scan was (9.9±4.7) mm, and the maximum three-dimensional diameter was (11.4±5.1) mm. A total of 27 cases (23.5%) showed an increase during follow-up, with a median volume doubling time of 822 days and a median mass doubling time of 1,007 days. 32 cases were surgically resected, including 6 cases of invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC), 16 cases of minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), 8 cases of adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and 2 cases of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH). Five nodules underwent surgical intervention due to the progression of two-dimensional diameter, which was pathologically confirmed as pre-invasive lesions, but their three-dimensional maximum diameter showed no significant change. Nodular morphology, lobulated sign, spiculated sign and vacuole signs all promoted the growth of nodules in univariate analysis. There were significant differences in age, baseline diameter, mean CT value, median CT value, 10% and 90% percentile CT number between the growth group and the stable group (P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age and average CT value were risk factors for nodule growth (P<0.05). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis results indicated that the age ≥63 years old, the baseline three-dimensional maximum diameter ≥9.2 mm, and the average CT value ≥-507.8 HU were more likely to accelerate the growth of GGNs. The maximum three-dimensional diameter ≥14.4 mm and the average CT value ≥-495.7 HU may be a higher malignant probability.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GGNs show an inert growth process, and the use of three-dimensional measurements during follow-up is of greater significance. For persistent glass grinding nodules ≥63 years old, the baseline three-dimensional maximum diameter ≥9.2 mm, and the average CT value ≥-507.8 HU are more likely to increase. However, most nodules still have good prognosis after progression, and long-term follow-up is safe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Retrospective Studies , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 869-873, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908600

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of non-penetrating trabecular surgery combined with nearly 360-degree suture trabeculotomy for the treatment of primary congenital glaucoma (PCG).Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.A total of 29 cases (50 eyes) with PCG, including 21 males (35 eyes) and 8 females (15 eyes), were enrolled in Jiangsu Province Hospital and Nanjing Children's Hospital from January to November, 2019.The age of subjects ranged from 1 month to 4 years, and the median age was 6 months.Non-penetrating trabecular surgery was first performed in order to open the Schlemm canal.The cannulation and nearly 360-degree suture trabeculotomy were then performed with the twisted 6-0 polypropylene suture.Intraocular pressure (IOP), corneal diameter, cup-to-disc ratio (c/d) and complications were recorded preoperatively and 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 12 months, and 24 months postoperatively, and the proportion of sutures successfully passed through the Schlemm canal and the success rate of operation were recorded.This study followed the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (No.2019-SR-198). Written informed consent was obtained from the guardian of each subject prior to entering the study cohort.Results:Circumferential cannulation by suture was successfully performed in 90% of the subjects.The Harms trabeculotomy probe was applied in failed cases.Mean IOP was significantly lowered from preoperative (35.0±9.5) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (9.9±4.4), (10.0±4.2), (9.7±4.4), (9.0±2.9), (9.4±4.2), (9.3±3.3) and (9.5±3.8) mmHg at postoperative 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 12 months and 24 months, respectively ( F=141.56, P<0.01). Mean corneal diameter was significantly reduced from preoperative (13.7±1.4) mm to (13.3±1.4), (12.9±1.4), (12.8±1.3), (12.7±1.2), (12.6±1.1), (12.6±1.1) and (12.8±0.4) mm at postoperative 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 12 months and 24 months, respectively ( F=4.55, P<0.01). Mean c/d was significantly reduced from preoperative 0.81±0.15 to 0.55±0.22, 0.48±0.23, 0.45±0.22, 0.43±0.21, 0.41±0.20, 0.40±0.21 and 0.31±0.19 at postoperative 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 12 months and 24 months, respectively ( F=21.07, P<0.01). Forty-two eyes (93.3%) achieved complete success and 45 eyes (100%) achieved qualified success at postoperative 12 months.No severe complications were observed during or after surgery. Conclusions:Non-penetrating trabecular surgery combined with nearly 360-degree suture trabeculotomy can effectively treat patients with PCG without any severe complications.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 278-282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873698

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the application value of three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction in preoperative surgical diagnosis of new classification criteria for lung adenocarcinoma, which is helpful to develop a deep learning model of artificial intelligence in the auxiliary diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. Methods    The clinical data of 173 patients with ground-glass lung nodules with a diameter of ≤2 cm, who were admitted from October 2018 to June 2020 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 55 were males and 118 were females with a median age of 61 (28-82) years. Pulmonary nodules in different parts of the same patient were treated as independent events, and a total of 181 subjects were included. According to the new classification criteria of pathological types, they were divided into pre-invasive lesions (atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and and adenocarcinoma in situ), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma and invasive adenocarcinoma. The relationship between 3D reconstruction parameters and different pathological subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma, and their diagnostic values were analyzed by multiplanar reconstruction and volume reconstruction techniques. Results    In different pathological types of lung adenocarcinoma, the diameter of lung nodules (P<0.001), average CT value (P<0.001), consolidation/tumor ratio (CTR, P<0.001), type of nodules (P<0.001), nodular morphology (P<0.001), pleural indenlation sign (P<0.001), air bronchogram sign (P=0.010), vascular access inside the nodule (P=0.005), TNM staging (P<0.001) were significantly different, while nodule growth sites were not (P=0.054). At the same time, it was also found that with the increased invasiveness of different pathological subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma, the proportion of dominant signs of each group gradually increased. Meanwhile, nodule diameter and the average CT value or CTR were independent risk factors for malignant degree of lung adenocarcinoma. Conclusion    Imaging signs of lung adenocarcinoma in 3D reconstruction, including nodule diameter, the average CT value, CTR, shape, type, vascular access conditions, air bronchogram sign, pleural indenlation sign, play an important role in the diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma subtype and can provide guidance for personalized therapy to patients in clinics.

5.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 707-712, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865581

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block (RSB) combined with subcostal transversus abdominis plane block(TAPB) in peritoneal dialysis catheter implantation in patients with end-stage renal disease.Methods:A total of sixty patients (scheduled for elective peritoneal dialysis catheter placement from June 2018 to March 2019 in Wuhan First Hospital were randomly divided into two groups: local anesthesia group(group LA, 30 patients) and ultrasound-guided RSB combined with subcostal TAPB (group NB, 30 patients). Group LA: local infiltration anesthesia was performed with 1% lidocaine and 0.5% ropivacaine 20ml; group NB: RSB, 1% lidocaine and 0.5% ropivacaine 15 ml were injected into the lateral rectus sheath, and TAPB, 1% lidocaine and 0.5% ropivacaine 20 ml were injected into the transversus abdominis plane. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded at the point of entering the operating room (T 0), after anaesthesia (T 1), at the beginning of operation (T 2), twenty minutes after the beginning of operation (T 3), and at the end of the operation (T 4). The duration of operation, the times of additional local anesthetia during the surgery, the score of visual analogue scale (VAS) during and 24 h after the surgery, the rate of alteration to general anesthesia and the occurrence of adverse reactions were recorded. Results:In group LA, compared with T 0, MAP and HR at T 2 and T 3 increased significantly: (93.1 ± 9.7), (99.8 ± 11.6) times/min vs. (78.4 ± 10.5) times/min and (105.1 ± 13.7), (110.5 ± 14.4) mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa) vs. (92.1 ± 12.8) mmHg, P<0.05. In group NB, there were no differences among T 0-T 4. At T 2 and T 3, MAP and HR in group LA were higher than those in group NB ( P<0.05). Compared with that in group LA, the duration of operation time decreased significantly in group NB ( P<0.05). The times of additional local anesthetia during the surgery in group LA were more than those in group NB ( P<0.05). Compared with those in group LA, the VAS scores during and 24 h after the surgery in group NB were significantly lower: (3.25 ± 0.65) scores vs. (5.85 ± 0.76) scores, (1.46 ± 0.57) scores vs. (2.37 ± 0.45) scores, P<0.05. There were no significant differences in the rate of alteration to general anesthesia between the two groups: 3.33% (1/30) vs. 0, P>0.05. There was no adverse reaction in these two groups. Conclusions:Ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block combined with subcostal transversus abdominis plane block is safe and effective in peritoneal dialysis catheter implantation. The effect of intraoperative anesthesia is definite, with little influence on hemodynamics. The postoperative analgesia effect is good, without obvious anaesthesia-related adverse events.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1384-1387, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829134

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the economic burden caused by hand-foot-mouth disease (HFMD) in Xi’an, in order to provide scientific basis for government departments to allocate health resources rationally.@*Methods@#New cases of HFMD were selected randomly from designated hospitals in city and district level in Xi’an, 2018, Direct and indirect economic costs of patients caused by HFMD were collected using a questionnaire survey, hospital charging system inquiry as well as follow-up survey. Factors affecting the economic burden of HFMD were analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 438 mild as well as 60 severe cases were surveyed, with the overall medical insurance participation rate of 89.76%(447/498). The median of per capita direct economic burden of mild and severe cases were 635 and 7 972 yuan respectively, and the median of per capita indirect economic burden of mild and severe cases were 130 and 233 yuan respectively, in Xi’an. The overall economic burden attributable to HFMD was 23.1 million yuan in Xi’an 2018, in which the direct economic burden was 19.3 million yuan, indirect economic burden was 3.8 million yuan. Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that the approach of diagnosis, type of cases, days of treatment and type of pathogen had significant influence on the economic burden of HFMD(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The economic burden of HFMD was heavy in Xi’an. Controling and reducing the incidence rate, as well as increasing the medical insurance coverage and reimbursement rate would lighten the economic burden caused by HFMD effectively.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 37-42, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799012

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the value of texture analysis based on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in the differential diagnosis of atypically enhanced small hepatocellular carcinoma (sHCC) and dysplastic nodules (DNs) in liver cirrhosis.@*Methods@#Data of 59 cases with atypical enhancement and solitary cirrhotic nodule (≤2 cm) confirmed by dynamic contrast enhanced MRI and surgical pathology specimen were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 37 cases were of atypically enhanced sHCC and 22 cases of DNS. The DWI signal characteristics of the lesions were analyzed to measure the average apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of the lesions, and the ADC ratio of the lesion to the liver parenchyma. MaZda software was used to manually draw the region of interest to extract the texture parameters of DWI lesions. The three sets (combination of Fisher coefficient, classification of error probability combined with average correlation coefficient and interactive information) were used to select the thirty optimal texture parameters. Raw data analysis (RDA), principal component analysis (PCA), linear discriminant analysis (LDA) and non-linear discriminant analysis (NDA) were performed for texture classification. The difference of ADC value and ADC ratio between sHCC and DNS group was compared by independent sample t-test, and χ2 test was used to compare the count data (or rate). ROC curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency.@*Results@#The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DWI high-signal in the identification of atypically enhanced sHCC and DNs were 94.6% (35/37), 68.2% (15/22), and 84.7% (50/59), respectively. The ADC ratio of atypically enhanced sHCC was significantly lower than DNs, and the difference was statistically significant (t = 2.99, P = 0.002). The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis of atypically enhanced sHCC were 73.0% (27/37), 72.7% (16/22) and 72.9% (43/59), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DWI texture analysis in diagnosing atypically enhanced sHCC were 94.6% (35/37), 95.5% (21/22) and 94.9% (56/59).The diagnostic efficiency of DWI texture analysis (AUC = 0.94) was significantly higher than DWI high-signal (AUC = 0.81) and ADC ratio (AUC = 0.72).@*Conclusion@#The texture analysis based on DWI can identify atypically enhanced sHCC and dysplastic nodules under the background of cirrhosis, and its efficacy is better than qualitative and quantitative DWI.

8.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 401-407, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805339

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of the umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells(UC-MSCs) on the pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis rats.@*Methods@#SPF male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group, silica model group and UC-MSCs treatment group with 12 rats each group. SiO2 intra-tracheal injection(0.5 ml of 50 mg/ml/rat) were applied to silica model group and UC-MSCs treatment groups. After that UC-MSCs treatment group received 1 ml UC-MSCs suspension (3×106 cells/ml) by tail vein injection on the 29th, 36th, 43th and 50th day after exposure to the first silica suspension. On the 60th and 75th day after exposure to silica suspension, all animals were examed for pulmonary CT. Then the rats were euthanized on 75th day after the first exposure to silica.Lung's histopathological examination of the rats from all the groups were carried out. The content of hydroxyproline in lungs, TGF-β1 and IL-6 in serum were examined.@*Results@#The lung's histopathological examination showed no obvious inflammatory cell and no fibrosis in the lung tissue of the control group, there were a lot of inflammatory cell aggregation and collagen fiber deposition in silica model group, while in the UC-MSCs intervention group and treatment group, there were less inflammatory cells and collagen fiber. The rats from silica model groups had higher HYP, TGF-β1 and IL-6 than the rats from UC-MSCs treatment group and control group. Lung fields of rats in the control group were clear and no obvious high-density shadow. Different-sized granular high-density shadows or reticular fibrous shadows were found diffusely distributed in the lungs of the rats in silica model group. Lung field of rats in UC-MSCs intervention group and treatment group were less high density shadows, and more clear.@*Conclusion@#UC-MSCs can alleviate the pulmonary fibrosis in silica model rats through regulating the secretion of some fibrosis related cytokines.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 14-16, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708805

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of 125I seeds implantation on bone metastasis from radioactive iodine-refractory differentiated thyroid carcinoma (RAIR-DTC).Methods A total of 9 RAIR-DTC patients with bone metastases (4 males,5 females,age range:42-87 years) between April 2014 and December 2016 were enrolled in this prospective study.Treatment plan was developed through treatment planning system (TPS).125I seeds implantation was performed under CT guidance.After 2 and 4 months,metastasis size,serum thyroglobulin (Tg) and verbal rating scale (VRS) pain score changes were recorded.Paired t test and two-sample t test were used for data analysis.Results VRS pain score decreased 2 months post-treatment comparing with that before treatment (2.56±0.88 vs 5.22±2.44;t =4.28,P<0.01).VRS pain score at 4 months post-treatment was 1.78±0.83,which was lower than that at 2 months post-treatment (t =3.48,P<0.01).The maximum tumor diameters before the implantation and 2 months post-treatment were (6.47± 1.84) cm and (5.08±2.11) cm,respectively (t =9.14,P<0.01).The maximum tumor diameter at 4 months post-treatment showed a decreasing trend but it was not statistically different compared to that at 2 months post-treatment:((4.52±2.16) cm;t =2.19,P>0.05).Serum Tg level reduced 2 months after the implantation (lgTg:2.71±0.85 vs 2.94±0.82;t =4.82,P<0.01).Serum Tg level at 4 months post-treatment (lgTg:2.56±0.81) was lower than that at 2 months post-treatment (t =2.69,P<0.05).Conclusions 125I seeds implantation is an effective method for treating bone metastasis from RAIR-DTC.It can help to shrink bone metastasis,alleviate pain and improve patients' quality of life.

10.
Chinese Journal of Comparative Medicine ; (6): 88-94, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703347

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of a Chinese medicine Zhengqingfengtongning on the expression of aggrecanase-1(ADAMTs-4)and aggrecanase-2(ADAMTs-5)in cartilage tissue of knee joint in rabbit models of osteoarthritis,and to study the mechanism of action of Zhengqingfengtongning in treatment for osteoarthritis. Methods 32 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into the observation group and the model group, and 16 healthy New Zealand rabbits were chosen as the blank group. The blank group did not receive the intervention treatment, the model group received physiological saline in gastric gavage, the observation group was given the Zhengqingfengtongning by gastric gavage. The soft tissue samples of knee joint in the three groups were taken at 4 weeks after drug intervention. The joint morphology,joint fluid and articular cartilage were observed by histopathology. The ADAMTs-4 and ADAMTs-5 mRNA were detected by RT-PCR. The data were then statistically analyzed. Results The grades of articular cartilage and Mankin's score of the model group were significantly higher than those of the observation group and blank group,the grades of articular cartilage and Mankin's score of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the blank group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(P< 0.05). The ADAMTs-4 and ADAMTs-5 mRNA expressions of the model group were significantly higher than those of the observation group and blank group. The ADAMTs-4 and ADAMTs-5 mRNA expressions of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the blank group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(P< 0.05). Conclusions The Zhengqingfengtongning can improve the degree of joint lesions in osteoarthritis animal models,which may be related to inhibiting the expression of ADAMTs-4 and ADAMTs-5.

11.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 146-148, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506412

ABSTRACT

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding retinal vascular disease that occurs in premature infants and low birth weight infants.Along with the development of perinatal medicine,the incidence of ROP has increased.If infants with ROP could get treatment in time,the disability rate due to ROP would significantly reduce.Now,the present situation and advances in treatment of ROP were reviewed.

12.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 11-15, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613608

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical safety and efficacy of self-made single-port retroperitoneoscopic renal pedicle lymphatic disconnection for chyluria. Methods From Feb 2013 to Mar 2016, clinical data of 34 patients were collected. Of them, 16 cases underwent self-made single-port retroperitoneoscopic renal pedicle lymphatic disconnection and 18 cases underwent three port retroperitoneoscopic renal pedicle lymphatic disconnection. No significant difference was shown in age, body mass index between the two groups (P > 0.05). Mean operative time, estimated bleeding volume, drainage time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative pain evaluation, satisfaction scores of incision were compared between the two groups. Results All procedures were successfully performed without conversion to open surgery. Compared with the three port surgery group, results in the single-port group were superior in terms of mean operative time [(102.3 ± 16.1) versus (132.4 ± 21.6) min, P < 0.05], there were no significant differences in estimated blood loss, drainage time, postoperative hospital stay, the date in postoperative pain evaluation, satisfaction scores of incision shown that single-port group was superior to three port group. Conclusion Our initial experience revealed that single-port retroperitoneoscopic renal pedicle lymphatic disconnection was a safe, effective, cost-effective and less-invasive procedure for chyluria with improved postoperative pain and cosmetic results.

13.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1052-1053,1056, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606769

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effective correction for concealed penis after being operated by circumcision.Methods A total of 16 concealed penis patients underwent circumcision were corrected by improved Brisson's operation,and the treatment effects were observed.Results Shapes of penis were recovered totally or nearly in 16 cases.Five cases appeared serious edema of the penis,but recovered from 3-6 months.The penises were all developed normal without problem of retraction or curvature in 1-2 years of follow up.Conclusion Improved Brisson's operation for concealed penis is an effective remediation for concealed penis after mistherapy by circumcision.

14.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 693-696, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618164

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare sinus tarsi approach(STA) and extensile L shape approach (ELA) in the surgical treatment of calcaneal fractures. Methods A total of 51 cases of calcaneal fractures treated from May 2014 to December 2016 were enrolled. Twenty of them were performed ORIF via the sinus tarsi approach, while the other 31 cases were performed ORIF via lateral extensile L shape approach. X-ray films were taken postoperatively to record the changes of B?hler angle and Gissane angle. The AOFAS, VAS and SF-36 scores were adopted to assess the therapeutic effect. Results The average follow-up period of STA group was 15.5 months. And patients in ELA group were followed up for an average period of 18.4 months. All the fractures in the series had a boney union at or before the final follow-up. The final correction of B?hler angle (34.60 ± 2.91)° , and Gissane angle (114.45 ± 2.91)° was significantly increased in the STA group; and the final correction of B?hler angle (33.55 ± 2.73)° , and Gissane angle (112.81 ± 4.15)° was also significantly increased in the ELA group; while there was no significant difference between the two groups. The final AOFAS scores , VAS scores and SF-36 scores of the STA were (83.56 ± 7.13), (1.78 ± 0.89), (88.95 ± 4.31) scores, while those in ELA group were (81.91 ± 9.89), (2.01 ± 1.33) and (86.65 ± 4.95) scores. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). No wound problem happened in STA group, but there were 2 cases who had wound complications in ELA group. Conclusions No significant difference is found between the two groups in the short-term efficacy of the treatment for calaneal fracture. However, STA has the advantages of lower soft tissue complication rate.

15.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1585-1587, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511949

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of bone mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)transplantation on pulmonary tissue fibrosis in silicosis rats.Methods Forty-two healthy female SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups:group A,B,C and D.The group A,B and C received intratracheal injection of silica crystals(SiO2)to establish silicosis mouse models,while the group D received the infusion of physiological saline.BMSCs were injected by the tail vein at 6 h after modeling or on 42 d in the group B and C.Six rats in each of group A,B,and D were sacrificed on 14 d,and other 6 rats in each group were sacrificed on 56 day.The morphological changes of the lung tissues were observed by HE staining;the content of hydroxyproline(Hyp)in the lung tissue homogenate was detected by ELISA.Results The lung tissue pathological changes in the group A were dominated by acute inflammatory response on 14 d after model construction,and fibrosis reaction on 56 d;the pathological changes in the group B and C were lighter than those in the group A;while no obvious abnormality was found in the group D.The Hyp level of pulmonary tissue in the group A,B and C was significantly increased compared with the group D(P=0.000);which on 14 d after BMSCs treatment in the group B and C was significantly decreased compared with the group A(P=0.000,P=0.035),and which on 56 d after treatment in the group B was still significantly decreased(P=0.016).Conclusion No matter in the pathological stages of pulmonary alveolitis and fibrosis,BMSCs transplantation may postpone the pathological process of pulmonary fibrosis in silicosis rats.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1171-1173, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495965

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of the three-dimensional brain artery vessel wall imaging technology reverse rotation angle of fast spin echo (T1 W-SPACE)in the diagnosis of ischemic cerebrovascular disease by comparing it with TOF vascular imaging in magnetic resonance. Methods Patients undergoing stroke but stable condition,including 50,patients with transient cerebral ischemia (TIA)or a history of stroke,examined by TOF-MRA and routine MRI sequence first,then followed by T1 W-SPACE.Results In 43 of 50 cases,conventional MRI sequences detectiog was positive,TOF-MRA found the vascular stenosis in 76 branches,T1 W-SPACE found the vascular stenosis in 73 branches,there was no difference between the two groups(χ2 =0.625,P >0.05);Conventional TOF-MRA cannot detect the vascular wall, T1 W-SPACE found that arterial wall thickening,plaque in 48 branches.Conclusion Compared with the TOF-MRA,T1 W-SPACE can not only detect the vessel stenosis,but also the vessel wall and plaque,and can also type on plaque from pathology angle,has im-portant clinical significance for early prevention and treatment of stroke.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 677-680, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502210

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the vaccine inoculation rate of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and the movement characteristics of rural population in the Xi'an epidemic area.Methods This was a cross-sectional study.The study covered all the four HFRS traditional high incidence areas (counties):Zhouzhi,Huxian,Chang'an and Lintong.Three villages were selected in each county and 20 households were selected in each village in 2013.Participants included all the persons of these families.People 16-60 years old were interviewed face to face about their sociodemographic and environmental information,and at the same time related HFRS vaccine history and characters of migrant workers were collected.Results Nine hundred and ninety-six persons were investigated,69.3 percent (690/996) were vaccinate-age population.Of all,49.0 percent (338/690) had HFRS vaccine history and 53.9 percent (372/690) had worked away from home most of the year.The inoculation proportion of workers which worked in their own counties (56.8%,67/118) were higher than that of workers worked outside (37.0%,60/162;39.1%,36/92,x2 =10.74,6.44,all P < 0.017).In the workers that went back home every week,60.3 percent (76/126) had vaccinated.Workers that went back home once a year had the lowest proportion of inoculation (16.7%,7/42).The morbidity of HFRS decreased significantly accompany with ascend of inoculation rate (Y =-0.524X + 38.319,t =-4.581,P < 0.05).Conclusions After the free vaccinations,there is still a gap between the vaccine inoculation rate and prevention benefit.The current vaccination strategies need to be adjusted.

18.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 195-198, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499915

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma ( PRP) combined with closed reduction and hol-low screw internal fixation for femoral neck fracture .Methods Totally 200 cases of femoral neck fracture were collected from May 2010 to August 2014 in our hospital .Randomly divided them into two groups , namely the PRP group and the control group , with 100 patients in each group.The PRP group were given autologous platelet-rich plasma ( PRP) combined with closed reduction and hollow screw internal fixation , while the control group were given closed reduction and hollow screw internal fixation merely .The length of stay , time of fracture healing , wound healing state , postoperative complications rate , Harris score and functional recovery of the two group were recorded and evaluated .Re-sults The average hospitalization time and fracture healing time in the PRP group were shorter than the control group .The A-grade recovery rate of the PRP group was higher than the control group , and the postoperative femoral head necrosis and nonunion rate of the PRP group were lower than that in the control group (P<0.05).The Harris score of PRP group were 87.35 and 90.82 respectively, and the excellent rate of hip function 6 months and 12 months after operation were 86%and 90%respectively .They were both higher than the control group with statistical significance (P<0.05).Conclusion PRP combined with closed reduction and hollow screw internal fixation can significant -ly shorten the healing time , reduce postoperative complications , improve hip function and postoperative quality of life in treating femoral neck fracture, and it is of high safety and efficacy.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 355-357,361, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603683

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the surgery opportunity choice of congenital esotropia.Methods A retrospective research was taken using the clinical data and the results of the treatment of 146 inpatients with congenital esotropia in our department from Mar 2012 to Mar 2015.The correction rate,lackingcorrection rate,and over-correction rate were compared between early surgery group and late surgery group on time of 1 week after surgery and 6 months after surgery,respectively.Results In all the 146 patients,88 (60.3%) had an esotropia deviation greater than or equal to 40 pupil distance (PD),38 (26.0%) combined with amblyopia,12 (8.2%) combined with nystagmus,30 (20.5%) combined with inferior oblique muscle overaction,6 (4.1%) combined with dissociated vertical divergence (DVD).There was no significant difference between early surgery group and late surgery group on correction rate,lacking-correction rate,and over-correction rate on the time of 1 week after surgery and 6 months after surgery,respectively.Conclusions Congenital strabismus should take surgery at the early-stage,especially for those have large angles.It is better to be operated before 2-year old for a better formation and recovery of binocular visual function.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 319-324, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461614

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate high-density lipoprotein ( HDL) subclass distribution and to analyze the rela-tionship between HDL subclasses with plasma glucose and lipids in metabolic syndrome ( MS) .METHODS:Apolipopro-tein A-I ( apoA-I) contents of plasma HDL subclasses were determined by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis associated with immunodetection .The concentrations of lipids and apolipoproteins in the plasma were measured by an automated bio -chemical analyzer .RESULTS:Compared with the controls , the levels of fasting plasma glucose ( FPG) , total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride ( TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL-C), LDL-C/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), apolipoprotein B100(apoB100), apoB100/apoA-I, systolic blood pressure (SBP), body mass index (BMI) and HDL3b were increased in the MS patients (P<0.05).Meanwhile, HDL-C, apoA-I and preβ2-HDL, HDL2a and HDL2b were decreased in the MS patients (P<0.01).With the increase in the plasma glucose level , the contents of HDL2a and HDL2b were decreased in the MS patients (P<0.05), while preβ1-HDL was increased (P<0.05).With the decrease in the HDL-C level, the content of HDL2b was decreased in the MS patients (P<0.01), while preβ1-HDL was increased (P<0.01).With the increase in the TG level and the decrease in the HDL-C level, the content of HDL2b had a decrea-sing trend and the content of small-particle preβ1-HDL had an increasing trend , indicating that HDL maturation metabolism was disrupted.The correlation analysis showed that FPG was negatively correlated with the levels of HDL 2a and HDL2b, HDL-C was negatively correlated with the level of preβ1-HDL and positively correlated with the level of HDL 2b , and TG was positively correlated with the levels of preβ1-HDL and HDL3b .CONCLUSION:With the increases in the plasma glucose and TG, and the decrease in HDL-C in the MS patients, HDL particles have minifying tendency , and the maturation me-tabolism of HDL particles is disrupted .

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