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1.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 23-37, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010595

ABSTRACT

5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) type 3 receptor (5-HT3R) is the only type of ligand-gated ion channel in the 5-HT receptor family. Through the high permeability of Na+, K+, and Ca2+ and activation of subsequent voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs), 5-HT3R induces a rapid increase of neuronal excitability or the release of neurotransmitters from axon terminals in the central nervous system (CNS). 5-HT3Rs are widely expressed in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), amygdala (AMYG), hippocampus (HIP), periaqueductal gray (PAG), and other brain regions closely associated with anxiety reactions. They have a bidirectional regulatory effect on anxiety reactions by acting on different types of cells in different brain regions. 5-HT3Rs mediate the activation of the cholecystokinin (CCK) system in the AMYG, and the γ‍-aminobutyric acid (GABA) "disinhibition" mechanism in the prelimbic area of the mPFC promotes anxiety by the activation of GABAergic intermediate inhibitory neurons (IINs). In contrast, a 5-HT3R-induced GABA "disinhibition" mechanism in the infralimbic area of the mPFC and the ventral HIP produces anxiolytic effects. 5-HT2R-mediated regulation of anxiety reactions are also activated by 5-HT3R-activated 5-HT release in the HIP and PAG. This provides a theoretical basis for the treatment of anxiety disorders or the production of anxiolytic drugs by targeting 5-HT3Rs. However, given the circuit specific modulation of 5-HT3Rs on emotion, systemic use of 5-HT3R agonism or antagonism alone seems unlikely to remedy anxiety, which deeply hinders the current clinical application of 5-HT3R drugs. Therefore, the exploitation of circuit targeting methods or a combined drug strategy might be a useful developmental approach in the future.


Subject(s)
Serotonin , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3 , Anxiety , Neurons , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3302-3317, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007959

ABSTRACT

L-methionine, also known as L-aminomethane, is one of the eight essential amino acids required by the human body and has important applications in the fields of feed, medicine, and food. In this study, an L-methionine high-yielding strain was constructed using a modular metabolic engineering strategy based on the M2 strain (Escherichia coli W3110 ΔIJAHFEBC/PAM) previously constructed in our laboratory. Firstly, the production of one-carbon module methyl donors was enhanced by overexpression of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, MetF) and screening of hydroxymethyltransferase (GlyA) from different sources, optimizing the one-carbon module. Subsequently, cysteamine lyase (hydroxymethyltransferase, MalY) and cysteine internal transporter gene (fliY) were overexpressed to improve the supply of L-homocysteine and L-cysteine, two precursors of the one-carbon module. The production of L-methionine in shake flask fermentation was increased from 2.8 g/L to 4.05 g/L, and up to 18.26 g/L in a 5 L fermenter. The results indicate that the one carbon module has a significant impact on the biosynthesis of L-methionine, and efficient biosynthesis of L-methionine can be achieved through optimizing the one carbon module. This study may facilitate further improvement of microbial fermentation production of L-methionine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Methionine , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) , Carbon , Cysteine , Escherichia coli/genetics , Hydroxymethyl and Formyl Transferases , Carrier Proteins , Escherichia coli Proteins
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3095-3110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007947

ABSTRACT

Tacrolimus (FK506) is a 23-membered macrolide with immunosuppressant activity that is widely used clinically for treating the rejection after organ transplantation. The research on tacrolimus production was mainly focused on biosynthesis methods, within which there are still some bottlenecks. This review summarizes the progress made in tacrolimus biosynthesis via modification of metabolic pathways and control of fermentation process, with the hope to address the technical bottlenecks for tacrolimus biosynthesis and improve tacrolimus production by fermentation engineering and metabolic engineering.


Subject(s)
Tacrolimus , Immunosuppressive Agents , Fermentation , Macrolides , Anti-Bacterial Agents
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 993-1008, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970418

ABSTRACT

The development of synthetic biology has greatly promoted the construction of microbial cell factories, providing an important strategy for green and efficient chemical production. However, the bottleneck of poor tolerance to harsh industrial environments has become the key factor hampering the productivity of microbial cells. Adaptive evolution is an important method to domesticate microorganisms for a certain period by applying targeted selection pressure to obtain desired phenotypic or physiological properties that are adapted to a specific environment. Recently, with the development of technologies such as microfluidics, biosensors, and omics analysis, adaptive evolution has laid the foundation for efficient productivity of microbial cell factories. Herein, we discuss the key technologies of adaptive evolution and their important applications in improvement of environmental tolerance and production efficiency of microbial cell factories. Moreover, we looked forward to the prospects of adaptive evolution to realize industrial production by microbial cell factories.


Subject(s)
Metabolic Engineering , Industrial Microbiology/methods , Synthetic Biology , Environment , Industry
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4567-4586, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970332

ABSTRACT

l-cysteine is an important sulfur-containing α-amino acid. It exhibits multiple physiological functions with diverse applications in pharmaceutical cosmetics and food industry. Here, a strategy of coordinated gene expression between carbon and sulfur modules in Escherichia coli was proposed and conducted for the production of l-cysteine. Initially, the titer of l-cysteine was improved to (0.38±0.02) g/L from zero by enhancing the biosynthesis of l-serine module (serAf, serB and serCCg) and overexpression of CysB. Then, promotion of l-cysteine transporter, increased assimilation of sulfur, reduction or deletion of l-cysteine and l-serine degradation pathway and enhanced expression of cysEf (encoding serine acetyltransferase) and cysBSt (encoding transcriptional dual regulator CysB) were achieved, resulting in an improved l-cysteine titer (3.82±0.01) g/L. Subsequently, expressions of cysM, nrdH, cysK and cysIJ genes that were involved in sulfur module were regulated synergistically with carbon module combined with utilization of sulfate and thiosulfate, resulting in a strain producing (4.17±0.07) g/L l-cysteine in flask shake and (11.94±0.1) g/L l-cysteine in 2 L bioreactor. Our results indicated that efficient biosynthesis of l-cysteine could be achieved by a proportional supply of sulfur and carbon in vivo. This study would facilitate the commercial bioproduction of l-cysteine.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/metabolism , Cysteine/metabolism , Bioreactors , Sulfur/metabolism , Serine/metabolism
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4385-4402, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970322

ABSTRACT

L-homoserine and its derivatives (O-succinyl-L-homoserine and O-acetyl-L-homoserine) are precursors for the biosynthesis of L-methionine, and various C4 compounds (isobutanol, γ-butyrolactone, 1, 4-butanediol, 2, 4-dihydroxybutyric acid) and L-phosphinothricin. Therefore, the fermentative production of L-homoserine and its derivatives became the research hotspot in recent years. However, the low fermentation yield and conversion rate, and the unclear regulation mechanism for the biosynthesis of L-homoserine and its derivatives, hamper the development of an efficient production process for L-homoserine and its derivatives. This review summarized the advances in the biosynthesis of L-homoserine and its derivatives by metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli from the aspects of substrate uptake, redirection of carbon flow at the key nodes, recycle of NADPH and export of target products. This review may facilitate subsequent metabolic engineering and biotechnological production of L-homoserine and its derivatives.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/metabolism , Metabolic Engineering , Homoserine/metabolism , Escherichia coli Proteins/metabolism , Fermentation
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1295-1306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927781

ABSTRACT

Unnatural amino acids are widely used in medicine, pesticide, material, and other industries and the green and efficient synthesis has attracted a lot of attention. In recent years, with the rapid development of synthetic biology, microbial cell factories have become a promising means for biosynthesis of unnatural amino acids. This study reviewed the construction and application of microbial cell factories for unnatural amino acid, including the synthetic pathway reconstruction, design/modification of key enzymes and their coordinated regulation with precursors, blocking of competitive alternative pathways, and construction of cofactor circulation systems. Meanwhile, on the basis of the new principles for designing the microbial cell factories, new biosynthetic pathways adapted to cells and the production environment, as well as new biomanufacturing system established based on cell adaptive evolution and intelligent fermentation regulation, we looked forward to the further construction and application of microbial cell factories for industrial bio-production.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids/genetics , Biosynthetic Pathways , Fermentation , Metabolic Engineering , Synthetic Biology
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 121-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940183

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the success of Qi-deficiency model of Balb/C-nu mice established by swimming exhaustion test from the view of biomarkers and metabolic pathways by metabonomics. MethodBalb/C-nu mice were randomly divided into the normal group and Qi-deficiency group, Qi-deficiency model was established by swimming with 5% body weight metal fixed at the tail for 15 consecutive days until exhaustion (nose tip immersion time>5 s). The urine metabonomics was analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS), and the mobile phase was acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 5%-8%A; 1-4 min, 8%-8.5%A; 4-5 min, 8.5%-12%A; 5-10 min, 12%-40%A; 10-12 min, 40%-100%A; 12-15 min, 100%A), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, the injection volume was 10 μL, electrospray ionization (ESI) in positive and negative ion modes was used in MS analysis, the MS data were acquired in full-scan mode from m/z 50-1 000. Principal component analysis (PCA), orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), human metabolome database (HMDB), high collision energy ion fragments collected by MSE and tandem MS (MS/MS) ion information were used to identify potential biomarkers. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database and MetaboAnalyst 5.0 were used to analyze the corresponding metabolic pathways and pathway enrichment of biomarkers. ResultEndogenous substances in urine of mice in normal group and Qi-deficiency group were obviously separated, and there were 24 biomarkers with significant difference. The metabolic pathways involved in these biomarkers were tricarboxylic acid cycle, glycolysis metabolism, amino acid metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis and tryptophan metabolism. Among them, the metabolic pathways related to energy were tricarboxylic acid cycle, glycolysis metabolism, amino acid metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism and steroid hormone biosynthesis. ConclusionThrough the investigation of urine metabonomics, combined with the physical signs, the Qi-deficiency model established by swimming exhaustion test in Balb/C-nu mice is successfully evaluated, and it is also verified that there is a close correlation between Qi-deficiency and energy metabolism.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 121-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940151

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the success of Qi-deficiency model of Balb/C-nu mice established by swimming exhaustion test from the view of biomarkers and metabolic pathways by metabonomics. MethodBalb/C-nu mice were randomly divided into the normal group and Qi-deficiency group, Qi-deficiency model was established by swimming with 5% body weight metal fixed at the tail for 15 consecutive days until exhaustion (nose tip immersion time>5 s). The urine metabonomics was analyzed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF/MS), and the mobile phase was acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-1 min, 5%-8%A; 1-4 min, 8%-8.5%A; 4-5 min, 8.5%-12%A; 5-10 min, 12%-40%A; 10-12 min, 40%-100%A; 12-15 min, 100%A), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, the injection volume was 10 μL, electrospray ionization (ESI) in positive and negative ion modes was used in MS analysis, the MS data were acquired in full-scan mode from m/z 50-1 000. Principal component analysis (PCA), orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA), human metabolome database (HMDB), high collision energy ion fragments collected by MSE and tandem MS (MS/MS) ion information were used to identify potential biomarkers. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database and MetaboAnalyst 5.0 were used to analyze the corresponding metabolic pathways and pathway enrichment of biomarkers. ResultEndogenous substances in urine of mice in normal group and Qi-deficiency group were obviously separated, and there were 24 biomarkers with significant difference. The metabolic pathways involved in these biomarkers were tricarboxylic acid cycle, glycolysis metabolism, amino acid metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis and tryptophan metabolism. Among them, the metabolic pathways related to energy were tricarboxylic acid cycle, glycolysis metabolism, amino acid metabolism, fatty acid metabolism, pyrimidine metabolism and steroid hormone biosynthesis. ConclusionThrough the investigation of urine metabonomics, combined with the physical signs, the Qi-deficiency model established by swimming exhaustion test in Balb/C-nu mice is successfully evaluated, and it is also verified that there is a close correlation between Qi-deficiency and energy metabolism.

10.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 351-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956378

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of the modified transcutaneous endoscopic spine system (TESSYS) with full visual foramen plasty and percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (PTED) in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation and lumbar spinal stenosis.Methods:A case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 68 patients with single segment lumbar disc herniation and lumbar spinal stenosis treated with visual endoscopic foraminal plasty and modified TESSYS technique and intervertebral foraminal fusion from April 2020 to March 2021. According to the operation method, 38 cases were divided into two groups: pted group (38 cases) and TLIF group (30 cases). Independent sample t-test was used to compare the incision length, bleeding volume, operation time, time to go down and hospital stay between the two groups. Visual analog scale (VAS) scores and Oswestry disability index (ODI) scores were measured repeatedly. The differences between preoperative and postoperative 7 days and 1, 3, 6 months were analyzed and compared by generalized estimation equation. Rank sum test was performed in combination with the modified MacNab standard in the last follow-up. The excellent and good rate was compared between groups χ 2. Test and evaluate the curative effect. Results:The postoperative follow-up was 8.5-14.0 months. The incision length (1.25±0.33) cm, operation time (119.45±14.95), blood loss (24.03±8.62) mL, downtime time (1.42±0.50) d, and hospital stay (3.39±0.55) d in the PTED group were all higher than those in the TLIF group ((14.37±2.91) cm, (140.53±16.16) min, (158.00±51.35) mL, (3.20±0.96) d, (7.33±0.55) d) had obvious advantages ( t values were 24.56, 5.57, 14.13, 9.20, and 29.48, respectively; all P<0.001). The VAS scores and ODI scores of the two groups after operation were significantly improved compared with those before operation (all P<0.001), and with the passage of time, the VAS scores and ODI scores of the two groups of patients from 7 days to 6 months after operation by month were significantly decreased ( P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in VAS score from 1 week to 6 months after operation: P7d=0.997, P1 month=0.139, P3 month=0.057, P6 month=0.539, all P>0.05. There was no significant difference in ODI scores between time points (ODI: P7d=0.278, P1 month=0.442, P3 month=0.963, P6 month=0.278, all P>0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of clinical efficacy and excellent and good rate evaluated by modified MacNab criteria at the last follow-up ( Z=0.09, P=0.927; χ 2=0.92, P=0.761). Conclusion:The short-term curative effect of full visual endoscopic foraminal plasty and modified TESSYS technique in the treatment of single level lumbar disc herniation and lumbar spinal stenosis is close to that of classical foraminal interbody fusion, and has certain advantages.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3975-3987, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921494

ABSTRACT

Sterols, a class of cyclopentane poly-hydrophenanthrene derivatives, are the predominant membrane constituent of eukaryotes. These substances have a variety of biological activities and have been widely used in food and pharmaceutical industries. The presence of endogenous ergosterol biosynthetic pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells make it an ideal chassis for the de novo synthesis of sterol and its derivatives. Most recently, the rational modification of organelles provides a novel strategy for the directed transportation and storage of target products and the ultimate enhanced product synthesis. This review summarizes the phenotypic responses of S. cerevisiae cells upon different physiological stimulations and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Reinforcement of sterol production through directed storage, transportation, and excretion of sterols offers a novel strategy for breaking the limitation of de novo biosynthesis of sterols in yeast.


Subject(s)
Ergosterol , Phytosterols , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Sterols
12.
Mycobiology ; : 498-506, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918568

ABSTRACT

An endophytic fungus strain DYSJ3 was isolated from a stem of Aphanamixis grandifolia Blume, which was identified as Aspergillus versicolor based on the morphological characteristics, internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and calmodulin gene sequences analyses. A. versicolor DYSJ3 exhibited strong antagonistic activity against Colletotrichum musae, C. gloeosporioides and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense with the inhibition rates of 61.9, 51.2 and 55.3% respectively. The antifungal metabolites mainly existed in the mycelium of A. versicolor DYSJ3, and its mycelial crude extract (CE) had broad-spectrum antifungal activities against plant pathogenic fungi. The CE had a good thermal stability, and the inhibition rate of 100 mg/mL CE against C. musae was above 70.0% after disposing at 120°C for 1 h. Five secondary metabolites were isolated from the CE and identified as averufanin, ergosterol peroxide, versicolorin B, averythrin and sterigmatocystin. Activity evaluation showed versicolorin B exhibited inhibitory effects on the mycelial growth and conidial germination of C. musae, and sterigmatocystin had a weak inhibitory effect on the mycelial growth of C. musae

13.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 960-968, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921834

ABSTRACT

In order to establish a bone scaffold with good biological properties, two kinds of new gradient triply periodic minimal surfaces (TPMS) scaffolds, i.e., two-way linear gradient G scaffolds (L-G) and D, G fusion scaffold (N-G) were designed based on the gyroid (G) and diamond (D)-type TPMS in this study. The structural mechanical parameters of the two kinds of scaffolds were obtained through the compressive simulation. The flow property parameters were also obtained through the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation in this study, and the permeability of the two kinds of scaffolds were calculated by Darcy's law. The tissue differentiation areas of the two kinds of scaffolds were calculated based on the tissue differentiation theory. The results show that L-G scaffold has a better mechanical property than the N-G scaffold. However, N-G scaffold is better than the L-G scaffold in biological properties such as permeability and cartilage differentiation areas. The modeling processes of L-G and N-G scaffolds provide a new insight for the design of bone scaffold. The simulation in this study can also give reference for the prediction of osseointegration after the implantation of scaffold in the human body.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone and Bones , Permeability , Porosity , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1119-1134, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951959

ABSTRACT

Plasticity in the glutamatergic synapses on striatal medium spiny neurons (MSNs) is not only essential for behavioral adaptation but also extremely vulnerable to drugs of abuse. Modulation on these synapses by even a single exposure to an addictive drug may interfere with the plasticity required by behavioral learning and thus produce impairment. In the present work, we found that the negative reinforcement learning, escaping mild foot-shocks by correct nose-poking, was impaired by a single in vivo exposure to 20 mg/kg cocaine 24 h before the learning in mice. Either a single exposure to cocaine or reinforcement learning potentiates the glutamatergic synapses on MSNs expressing the striatal dopamine 1 (D1) receptor (D1-MSNs). However, 24 h after the cocaine exposure, the potentiation required for reinforcement learning was disrupted. Specific manipulation of the activity of striatal D1-MSNs in D1-cre mice demonstrated that activation of these MSNs impaired reinforcement learning in normal D1-cre mice, but inhibition of these neurons reversed the reinforcement learning impairment induced by cocaine. The results suggest that cocaine potentiates the activity of direct pathway neurons in the dorsomedial striatum and this potentiation might disrupt the potentiation produced during and required for reinforcement learning.

15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2351-2365, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887802

ABSTRACT

Concrete is the most widely used modern building material. It is easy to crack under the action of stress, which makes the concrete structure permeable, affecting the durability and integrity of the structure, and thus shortening its service life. Microbial in-situ remediation technology is a low cost, effective and green way for concrete crack repairing. Due to its excellent biocompatibility, service life elongation, economic losses and environmental pollution reduction, microbial in-situ remediation technology has been intensively investigated. Bacillus has attracted much attention because of its excellent biomineralization ability, extremely strong environmental tolerance and long-term survival ability of its spores. In order to promote the research, development and large-scale application of microbial in-situ healing of concrete, the paper reviews the mechanism of spore-based in-situ healing of concrete, the survival of spores exposed in concrete, the influence of spores and external additives on the mechanical properties of concrete, progress in research and development of healing agent as well as healing effects. Moreover, future research focuses such as improving the survival ability of spores in the harsh environment of concrete, reducing the influence of external additives on the mechanical properties of concrete, and strengthening the healing effect of actual field applications are also summarized.


Subject(s)
Bacillus , Calcium Carbonate , Construction Materials , Spores, Bacterial , Technology
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1287-1297, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878631

ABSTRACT

L-Homoserine is a non-essential amino acid that is often used as an important platform compound and additive in industrial production. To improve the production efficiency, a previously constructed L-homoserine producing strain E. coli H0-0 was used as a chassis for further metabolic modification. Firstly, the ppc and pyccgP458S genes were overexpressed to optimize the Kreb's cycle. Subsequently, thrAC1034T and lysCcgC932T were overexpressed to improve the product synthesis, followed by inactivation of iclR gene to reduce the accumulation of by-products. The introduction of three sucrose metabolism genes, scrA, scrB and scrK, enabled E. coli to ferment sucrose. The titer of L-homoserine increased from 3.2 g/L to 11.1 g/L.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/genetics , Homoserine , Metabolic Engineering , Serine
17.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 103-108, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875520

ABSTRACT

To date, there is no report on the genetic diversity of ticks in these regions. A total of 370 representative ticks from the south and east regions of Kazakhstan (SERK) and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR) were selected for molecular comparison. A fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene, ranging from 631 bp to 889 bp, was used to analyze genetic diversity among these ticks. Phylogenetic analyses indicated 7 tick species including Hyalomma asiaticum, Hyalomma detritum, Hyalomma anatolicum, Dermacentor marginatus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Rhipicephalus turanicus and Haemaphysalis erinacei from the SERK clustered together with conspecific ticks from the XUAR. The network diagram of haplotypes showed that i) Hy. asiaticum from Almaty and Kyzylorda Oblasts together with that from Yuli County of XUAR constituted haplogroup H-2, and the lineage from Chimkent City of South Kazakhstan was newly evolved; and ii) the R. turanicus ticks sampled in Israel, Almaty, South Kazakhstan, Usu City, Ulugqat and Baicheng Counties of XUAR were derivated from an old lineage in Alataw City of XUAR. These findings indicate that: i) Hy. asiaticum, R. turanicus and Ha. erinacei shared genetic similarities between the SERK and XUAR; and ii) Hy. marginatum and D. reticulatus show differences in their evolution.

18.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 195-199, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880643

ABSTRACT

Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) is a type of rare brain tumor located in posterior fossa. A patient with LDD located in the left cerebellum and vermis was admitted by the Department of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. MRI scan showed slightly heterogeneous enhancement at the region close to vermis. The patient underwent partial resection on August 11, 2016 without postoperative chemoradiotherapy. The progress free survival was 11 months and the overall survival was 17 months. What the case reveals is that the partial resection is not beneficial to these patients with LDD as the residual lesion probably recurs in a short term after operation. The pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of LDD are explored and summarized in combination with relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebellar Neoplasms/surgery , Cerebellum , Hamartoma Syndrome, Multiple/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 105-108, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880433

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the IVD industry has developed rapidly based on the increasing market demand, and plays an important role in disease prevention, clinical diagnosis, health monitoring and guiding treatment. Therefore, followed quality and safety issues are highly concerned. The unique advantages of blockchain technology, decentralization, distrust and non-tampering, can write into trusted node data in every link covering production, circulation and usage of IVD reagents, and establish a distributed ledger with full backup, which makes the anti-conterfeiting and traceability for IVD reagents possible. We discuss whole process intelligent tracing system for IVD reagents based on blockchain technology. Through the strong mechanism of pre-supervision and post-punishment, the source of reagents can be traced, quality and responsibility can be investigated, and the medical inspection quality and diagnostic safety can be guarded.


Subject(s)
Blockchain , Indicators and Reagents , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Technology
20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 394-397, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of short segment fusion and long segment fusion combined with posterior pedicle screw system internal fixation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis.Methods:74 patients with degenerative scoliosis who were treated in the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from January 2014 to February 2018 were enrolled in the study. The patients were divided into group A and group B with a random number table of 37 cases each. Group A was treated with short segment fusion and posterior pedicle screw system internal fixation, while group B was with long segment fusion and posterior pedicle screw system internal fixation. The Cobb angle of scoliosis, the balance of coronal and sagittal plane of spine were observed before operation, 1 week after operation, 3 months after operation and 6 months after operation, and the incidence of early and long-term complications were counted.Results:The Cobb angle of scoliosis in group B was lower than that of group A at 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the balance of coronal plane and sagittal plane between the two groups at 1 week and 3 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was significant difference in the balance of coronal plane and sagittal plane between the two groups at 6 months after operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of early postoperative complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Long segment fusion and posterior pedicle screw system internal fixation can improve the Cobb angle and reduce the incidence of postoperative scoliosis, but it is easy to appear the imbalance of coronal and sagittal planes, which can be selected according to the actual situation.

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