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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928657

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of ovarian toxicity of Hook. F. (TwHF) by network pharmacology and molecular docking. The candidate toxic compounds and targets of TwHF were collected by the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD). Then, the potential ovarian toxic targets were obtained from CTD, and the target genes of ovarian toxicity of TwHF were analyzed using the STRING database. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was established by Cytoscape and analyzed by the cytoHubba plug-in to identify hub genes. Additionally, the target genes of ovarian toxicity of TwHF were subjected to Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses by using the R software. Finally, Discovery Studio software was used for molecular docking verification of the core toxic compounds and the hub genes. Nine candidate toxic compounds of TwHF and 56 potential ovarian toxic targets were identified in this study. Further network analysis showed that the core ovarian toxic compounds of TwHF were triptolide, kaempferol and tripterine, and the hub ovarian toxic genes included , , , , , , , , and . Besides, the GO and KEGG analysis indicated that TwHF caused ovarian toxicity through oxidative stress, reproductive system development and function, regulation of cell cycle, response to endogenous hormones and exogenous stimuli, apoptosis regulation and aging. The docking studies suggested that 3 core ovarian toxic compounds of TwHF were able to fit in the binding pocket of the 10 hub genes. TwHF may cause ovarian toxicity by acting on 10 hub genes and 140 signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Protein Interaction Maps
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933659

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of vascular interventional therapy in children with transplantation renal artery stenosis(TRAS).Methods:From January 2013 to September 2021, retrospective analysis was performed for clinical data of 238 TRAS children.Peak systolic velocity(PSV)of transplant renal artery, interlobular artery PSV, transplant renal artery PSV/ interlobular artery PSV(post PSV ratio)and serum creatinine level before and after vascular interventional therapy and at the last follow-up were compared.Results:Six pediatric kidney transplantation recipients were diagnosed as TRAS.The median operative age was 12(9-17)years, the median postoperative time to diagnosing TRAS 4(1.7-18.0)months and the median follow-up period 6.6(2.5-8.0)years.All of them received vascular interventional therapy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty(PTA, n=5)and stent angioplasty( n=1). The serum creatinine pre-treatment with vascular interventional therapy was significantly higher than baseline serum creatinine level at discharge(200.8±88.5)vs(75.2±27.9)μmol/L, P=0.025 and decreased to(103.8±44.7)μmol/L at Month 1 post-treatment( P=0.196)and(98.7±30.2)μmol/L at the last follow-up( P=0.115). Comparing with internal diameter of grafted renal artery anastomosis site(2.6±0.6 mm)pre-treatment with vascular interventional therapy, significant changes occurred at 24 h post-treatment(3.8±0.5 mm)and at the last follow-up(4.1±0.8 mm)(all P=0.027). In addition, PSV and post PSV ratio of transplanted renal artery at 24 h post-treatment(163±45.0 cm/s, 6.5±2.2)and at the last follow-up(184.7±80.8 cm/s, 5.4±2.0)were significantly lower than that before vascular interventional therapy(356.5±77.9 cm/s, 18.0±5.8)and interlobular artery PSV was significantly higher than that before vascular interventional therapy( P=0.024, P=0.032, respectively). During follow-ups, no restenosis or thrombosis occurred in transplanted renal arteries. Conclusions:PTA or stent angioplasty for TRAS children is technically feasible with low restenosis rate and relatively satisfactory mid/long-term outcomes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the health literacy level among medical staff and its influencing factors.Methods:Using the convenient sampling method, the in-service medical staff from four medical institutions (Shanghai Pudong New Area People′s Hospital, Shanghai Pudong New Area Zhoupu Hospital, Shanghai Tenth People′s Hospital Chongming Branch, and Shanghai Jing′an District Zhabei Central Hospital) were administered with a national residents′ health literacy questionnaire uniformly compiled by the China Health Education Center, and an electronic questionnaire independently compiled in combination with professional characteristics of the medical staff. The survey period was January 5-17, 2021. The contents of the questionnaire included basic information regarding gender, age, education, and professional title. Respondents were also asked whether they had chronic diseases, and three aspects of health literacy for basic knowledge and concepts, healthy lifestyle and behavior and health skills covering six other types of health problems including scientific outlook on health, infectious disease prevention and control literacy, chronic disease prevention and control. Safety and first aid literacy, basic medical literacy, health information literacy were also assessed. The total score for the questionnaire was 100 points. Respondents with a score of 80 or more were considered to have a competent health literacy. A total of 870 questionnaires were distributed, excluding incomplete ones, 826 valid questionnaires were used for analysis. Logistic regression was used to analyze factors influencing the health literacy among medical staff.Results:The overall health literacy level of medical staff was 64.0%, with 79.7% of respondents indicating that they had basic knowledge and concepts, 70.8% indicating that they practiced healthy lifestyles and behaviors, and 33.5% showed proficiencies in terms of health skills. From high to low, the health literacy levels for the six types of health problems were safety and first aid literacy (80.5%), scientific outlook on health (76.4%), infectious disease prevention and control literacy (60.2%), chronic disease prevention and control literacy (70.9%), basic medical literacy (52.7%), and health information literacy (50.2%). The results of a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that physical condition, a lifestyle harmful to one′s health, highest educational background, and a professional title in the previous year were the independent influencing factors related to health literacy ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Levels of health skills, basic medical literacy, and health information literacy among medical staff are low, and physical condition in the previous year, lifestyle, professional title, and education are important factors influencing the level of health literacy among medical staff.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919212

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Conventional disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs have been trialed in osteoarthritis (OA). Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), which has shown its effectiveness in rheumatoid arthritis, has been trialed for the treatment of OA; however, its efficacy and safety remain unclear. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluate efficacy and safety of HCQ for the treatment of OA. @*Methods@#MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central were searched from inception through June 2020. Two reviewers independently screened for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing HCQ with placebo or other active-comparators for the treatment of knee, hand, or hip OA, extracted data, and performed Cochrane risk of bias assessments. @*Results@#Six RCTs, four in hand OA, two in knee OA, consisting of 842 patients (436 in HCQ arm, 406 in control arm) were included. RCTs were conducted between 2012 and 2020, one each at UK, Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Iran, and Egypt; follow-up period ranged 24 to 52 weeks. High-quality evidence showed no clinically important pain reduction with HCQ compared to placebo/active-control in hand OA (standardized mean difference [SMD], 0.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], –0.20 to 0.48). Effect on pain reduction in knee and hand OA was small and non-significant (SMD, –0.09; 95% CI, –0.44 to 0.25). High-quality evidence showed no improvement in dysfunction with HCQ compared to placebo in hand OA patients (SMD, 0.08; 95% CI, –0.23 to 0.40). Effect on dysfunction improvement in knee and hand OA was modest and statistically non-significant (SMD, –0.20; 95% CI,–0.57 to 0.18). No improvement in quality of life was observed in hand OA. @*Conclusions@#HCQ has no benefit in reducing pain and improving physical function in hand or knee OA patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between preoperative frailty and postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy.Methods:The elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy in the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University were collected.The general data, frailty status, parameters of blood and operation-related parameters were recorded.The patients were divided into PPC group and non-PPC group according to whether PPCs occurred during hospitalization, and the differences between the parameters were compared.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors for PPCs.Stratification analysis and interaction test were used to further analyze the relationship between frailty and PPCs.Results:A total of 298 elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy were included in this study, and the incidence of PPCs was 22.8%.Compared with non-PPC group, the albumin and FEV 1/FVC were decreased, and age, blood creatinine, ratio of diabetes mellitus, ratio of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and rate of preoperative frailty were significantly increased in PPC group ( P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that COPD and preoperative frailty were independent risk factors for PPCs.After adjusting all the risk variables, the frail patients had a 171% increased risk of PPCs compared with non-frail patients ( OR value=2.71, 95%CI: 1.18-4.73, P<0.05). The results of subgroup analysis showed that body mass index and operation time had effect modification on the association between frailty and PPCs (interaction P<0.05). Conclusion:COPD and preoperative frailty are independent risk factors for PPCs in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy, and the frail patients with obesity or long operation time are at higher risk of PPCs.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1350-1360, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910722

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictive value of enhanced MRI in the outcome of prolapsed and sequestrated lumbar disc herniation through a retrospective analysis.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the data of 64 patients with prolapsed and sequestrated lumbar disc herniation from January 2015 to December 2018, including 38 males and 26 females; age 35.72±12.44 years (range, 22-64 years) ; 43 cases of prolapsed type, 21 cases of sequestrated type. Conservative treatment was the first choice for all patients, in case of surgical indications during the treatment, percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy or fenestration discectomy will be performed. Enhanced MRI was performed at the first and last inspections, the volume of the protrusion, the thickness of rim enhancement (Tr), and the extent of rim enhancement (Er) were measured and calculated at the same time. According to the ring around the protrusion, the size of the rim-enhancement area was divided into type I-III; then compared the relationship between the rim-enhancement signal differentiation and the resorption rate of protrusions, and the correlation between Tr, Er values and the resorption rate of protrusions during the initial inspection.Results:Among the 64 patients, 42 patients completed conservative treatment, and 22 received surgical treatment. According to the rim-enhancement signal differentiation, 23 cases were treated conservatively for type I, 3 cases were treated by surgery; 16 cases were treated for type II conservatively, 7 cases were treated by surgery; 3 cases were treated for type III conservatively, and 12 cases were treated by surgery. All patients were followed up for 12 to 34 months. Among 42 conservatively treated patients, The volume of the protrusion before treatment was 2 645.67±690.86 mm 3, and the volume of the protrusion after treatment was 842.76±573.35 mm 3. The volume of protrusions before and after treatment was statistical significance ( t=11.897, P<0.001), Tr was 1.38±0.83 mm, and Er was 73.08%±34.39%, the resorption rate of protrusions was 65.10%±24.50%, and 39 cases (92.86%, 39/42) reached the standard for protrusion resorption (resorption rate ≥30%); 23 cases of type I , the resorption rate was 76.54%±18.62%; 16 cases of type II had an resorption rate of 56.81%±21.44%; 3 cases of type III had an resorption rate of 21.58%±12.19%. The resorption rate of type III were compared by single factor analysis of variance, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=12.885, P<0.001); 32 cases of both type I and II (82.05%, 32/39) had significant resorption (resorption rate ≥50%), and no case of type Ⅲ had significant resorption, comparing with type I and II, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.010); Tr was positively correlated with resorption rate ( r=0.569, P<0.001), Er was positively correlated with resorption rate ( r=0.677, P<0.001). Conclusion:Under close clinical observation, parts of the prolapsed or sequestrated lumbar disc herniations can be conservatively treated, and the herniated disc can be resorption in many people and the clinical symptoms were alleviated. Rim-enhancement signal differentiation by enhanced MR has a better predictive value for the outcome of the herniation, type I is more prone to resorption, preferred conservative treatment, type Ⅲ is not easy to resorption, preferred surgery treatment, and the higher thickness of rim enhancement, the greater extend the rim-enhancement, the more prone to resorption phenomenon.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1491-1494, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904583

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe online learning and eye strain situation of college students during the COVID-19 outbreak, to provide a scientific basis for guiding students eye health.@*Methods@#A self-filled electronic questionnaire survey through questionnaire star was administered to college students across China. Information about online learning and eye strain of 1 046 college students during the epidemic was collected in Hefei, Anhui Province from March 16 to 20, 2020. The univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were performed to analyze the association between online learning and eye strain of college students.@*Results@#The rate of eye strain during online learning was 72.1%, totally of 68.4% in 421 male students and 74.6% in 625 female students. Boys with online learning time <6 h/d, slow internet access,difficulty in understanding online class reported higher rate of eye strain than girls( χ 2=17.36,8.72,7.02, P <0.05). Freshmen reported the highest rate of slow internet access occasionally and active online class( χ 2=15.26,16.11, P <0.05), junior students reported highest rate of online learning time <6 h/d, and easy understandable online class( χ 2=15.33,32.59, P <0.05), medical college students reported higher rate of slow internet access, inactive online class than non-medical college students( χ 2=11.79,11.03, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that odds ratio( OR ) of eye strain in females was 1.40 (1.06-1.87), compared with males; the OR of eye strain were 1.43 (1.01-2.03) and 1.54 (1.10-2.15) in the groups with online learning time 6-<8 h/d and ≥8 h/d, respectively, compared with the group with online learning time <6 h/d, the OR of eye strain in the groups with slow internet access was 2.28 (1.25-4.14), compared with students without slow internet access, the OR of eye strain in the capable to understand and difficult to understand group were 2.54 (1.73-3.74) and 5.40 (2.70-10.80) respectively, compared with the easy to understand group.@*Conclusion@#Female students, online learing time ≥ 8 h/d, slow internet access, difficult to understand class content were positively related with college students eye strain. Attention should be paid to the eye health of college students to reduce the adverse effects of online learning on vision.during the COVID-19 epidemic.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1526-1540, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888818

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is the most common form of acute leukaemia in adults, with increasing incidence with age and a generally poor prognosis. Almost 20% of AML patients express mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (mIDH2), which leads to the accumulation of the carcinogenic metabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG), resulting in poor prognosis. Thus, global institutions have been working to develop mIDH2 inhibitors. SH1573 is a novel mIDH2 inhibitor that we independently designed and synthesised. We have conducted a comprehensive study on its pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics and safety. First, SH1573 exhibited a strong selective inhibition of mIDH2 R140Q protein, which could effectively reduce the production of 2-HG in cell lines, serum and tumors of an animal model. It could also promote the differentiation of mutant AML cell lines and granulocytes in PDX models. Then, it was confirmed that SH1573 possessed characteristics of high bioavailability, good metabolic stability and wide tissue distribution. Finally, toxicological data showed that SH1573 had no effects on the respiratory system, cardiovascular system and nervous system, and was genetically safe. This research successfully promoted the approval of SH1573 for clinical trials (CTR20200247). All experiments demonstrated that, as a potential drug against mIDH2 R140Q acute myeloid leukaemia, SH1573 was effective and safe.

9.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 417-421, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and clinical significance of serum response factor (SRF) and myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(ESCC).Methods:The clinical data of 113 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma treated in Tangshan people′s Hospital from January 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of SRF and MYH9 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and corresponding adjacent tissues, and the correlation between the differential expression of SRF and MYH9 and clinicopathological features was analyzed.Results:Immunohistochemical staining showed that the positive expression rate of SRF in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was 42.48% (48/113), which was significantly higher than that of 6.25% (2/32) in adjacent tissues (χ 2=14.487, P<0.05). The positive expression rate of MYH9 was 57.52% (65/113), which was significantly higher than that of 25.00% (8/32) in adjacent tissues (χ 2=10.551, P<0.05). The expression levels of SRF and MYH9 were closely related to the differentiation, lymph node metastasis and TMN stage of ESCC (all P<0.05). The positive expression of SRF had a correlation with positive expression of MYH9( r=0.521, P<0.05). The median survival time of SRF and MYH9 double negative expression group, SRF and MYH9 single positive expression group, SRF and MYH9 double positive expression group were 30, 20 and 12 months respectively.There were significant differences between the double negative, single positive expression groups and double positive expression groups (χ 2 values were 43.855, 17.799, all P<0.001), but there was no significant difference between the double negative and single positive expression groups (χ 2=2.787, P=0.095). Conclusion:SRF and MYH9 may be one of potential targets for diagnosis and treatment of esophagus cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865820

ABSTRACT

Anatomy is an important medical course for international medical students. In order to improve the teaching quality and enhance the extent of students' learning, teachers integrated the theoretical and experimental courses of systemic anatomy, and introduced the "Digital Human" anatomical system to compensate the shortage of models, so as to realize the integrated theory and experiment teaching of systematic anatomy. Practice indicated that integrated teaching mode of theory and experiment was more consistent with the learning habits of foreign students, which improved their learning effect with significant advantages. But there were still some problems in this teaching mode and measures for solving these problems were proposed in this paper.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 609-614, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863388

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects with perioperative indicators of different irrigation methods (automatic irrigation pump and gravity-based irrigation) on ureteroscopic lithotripsy.Methods:A retrospective analysis was used to select 150 patients with ureteral calculi in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 2018 to September 2018. The patients included 86 males and 64 females, and the median age was 47 years, ranged 23 to 75 years. The patients were divided into two groups: automatic irrigation pump and gravity-based irrigation group, with 75 cases in each group. The time of operation, the rate of stone moving up, the rate of stone remaining, the change of leukocyte and serum creatinine before and after operation, and the incidence of operation complications were compared between the two groups. The measurement data was expressed as Mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and the t-test was used for comparison between groups; the Chi-square test was used for comparison between count data. Results:The operative time of automatic irrigation pump was shorter than that of gravity-based irrigation group [(42.20±17.61) min vs (45.23±16.40) min]. The increase of leukocyte count [(3.83±3.01)×10 9/L vs (4.36±2.97)×10 9/L] and serum creatinine of first day [(63.26±12.46) μmol/L vs (65.64±11.10) μmol/L] in gravity-based irrigation group was significantly higher than that in automatic irrigation pump ( P=0.034, 0.011, 0.002, respectively). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the stone migration rate (5.3% vs 9.3%), stone residual rate (2.7% vs 4.0%), the incidence of intraoperative complications-mucosa injury of ureter (12.0% vs 10.7%), and postoperative complications (urinary tract infection: 4.0% vs 5.3%, mild hydronephrosis: 5.3% vs 6.7%) ( P=0.347, 0.649, 0.797, 0.868, respectively). Conclusions:The automatic irrigation pump can shorten the operation time, and reduce the increase of blood routine leukocyte count and serum creatinine compared with the gravity-based irrigation. There was no difference between the two methods in the rate of stone migration, stone residue, ureter injury, hydronephrosis and urinary tract infection.

12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 157-160, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of primary hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:The clinical data of 100 patients pathologically diagnosed as primary liver cancer who were admitted to the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Serum alpha fetoprotein (AFP), a conventional marker for hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosis was used as the control. The fourfold table diagnostic test was applied to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of serum NLR in the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma, and the correlation with the degree of tumor differentiation was also analyzed.Results:The proportion of patients with high NLR (≥1.70) [56% (56/100)] was higher than the proportion of patients with positive AFP [44% (44/100)] in all 100 hepatocellular carcinoma patients, but the difference was not statistically significant ( χ2 = 2.88, P = 0.08). Among AFP-positive patients, the median survival time of patients with low and high NLR was 59 and 48 months, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 3.91, P = 0.048), and high NLR was an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients ( HR = 1.232, 95% CI 1.055-1.438, P = 0.008). Conclusions:The detection of NLR combined with AFP can improve the diagnostic rate of hepatocellular carcinoma before surgery. High NLR is an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799586

ABSTRACT

Flood disaster is one of the most serious natural disasters in the world, and it could pose an inestimable impact on the affected people. Based on existing laws, regulations, and emergency manuals in China, extensive literature review, epidemiological and related protection evidence, and expert consultation, this study analyzed different health risk factors of flood disaster and proposed a multi-stage, multi-population, and multi-phase comprehensive protection measures for the public in the perspective of pre-event prevention, in-event intervention and post-event rescue strategy, which could provide a scientific basis for improving the level of public health protection against the flood disaster and corresponding health outcomes.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756661

ABSTRACT

The authors attempted to use information technology in hierarchical management on clinician′s surgical authority. By means of a hierarchical surgery catalogue database, clinicians′ surgical authority is subject to by-level IT-based approval, and such authorities as clinician′s surgical medical advice, application for surgery, and approval of special surgeries are regulated. Thanks to multi-dimensional objective data, clinicians′surgical competence is subject to a dynamic evaluation, hierarchical authorization and reauthorization. These measures further standardize the behavior of the surgeons, and rule out unauthorized operations, thus improving fine management of surgeries and ensuring patient safety.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755941

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of tigecycline plus prolonged high-dose meropenem infusion in the prevention and treatment of early carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infection after renal transplantation .Methods From January 2016 to December 2018 ,clinical data were retrospectively analyzed for 13 renal transplant recipients with graft-carried CRKP .The relevant clinical data included treatments and outcomes of grafts and recipients .KPC-2 gene was the only resistance gene detectable in all isolates of CRKP . Among 13 CRKP positive recipients ,there were positive cultures of graft preservation solution ,recipient blood & urine (n=1) , positive cultures of graft preservation solution & urine (n=1) ,positive cultures of graft preservation solutions & peri-graft drainage (n=3) ,continuous positive cultures of peri-graft drainage more than twice (n= 3) and positive culture of graft preservation solution (n= 5).All patients received tigecycline plus prolonged high-dose meropenem infusion-based antibiotics .Results Five patients with CRKP positive in preservation solution were successfully prevented from infection after a treatment period of (12 .4 ± 2 .1)days .Among another 8 cases ,additional topical medications (n= 3) and surgical debridement (n= 1) were used .It took a median time of 16 (7~60) days until a negative culture and the total antibiotic treatment course was 20 (10~93) days .The average hospitalization duration was (50 ± 35) days .During a median follow-up period of 25 (6~28) months ,there was no onset of renal arterial rupture ,graft nephrectomy or death .The survival rate was 100% for recipients and 92 .3% for grafts .Conclusions For post-transplant infections due to graft-carried KPC-2 producing CRKP ,rapid diagnostics and tigecycline plus prolonged high-dose meropenem infusion may optimize clinical outcomes by decreasing the rate of graft nephrectomy and the recipient mortality .

16.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 280-283, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745001

ABSTRACT

Clinical treatment of large segmental bone defect has always been a major challenge for the medical community,which is due to the complex and diverse pathogenic factors of large segmental bone defect.In recent years,the clinical treatment of large segmental bone defect has made great progress,and the main treatment options include vascularized or non-vascularized autologous bone grafts,allograft bone transplantation,masquelet technology,llizarov technology and bone tissue engineering.Therefore,understanding the advantages and disadvantages of various treatment options is very important for the clinical treatment of large bone defects in long bones,laying the foundation for clinical treatment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746337

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of endoscope assisted suction-cutter removal of apocrine sweat glands in treatment of osmidrosis.Methods This study generalized and analyzed the curative effects of 30 patients with axillary osmidrosis,treated with endoscopy assisted suction-cutter removal of apocrine sweat glands.The efficacy was evaluated according to the postoperative results and complications.Results In all the 30 patients,wound healed 7 to 10 days after operation,and they resumed almost normal life after treatment.From May 2015 to April 2017,the follow-up visits showed that none of them had relapse,infection or skin necrosis.Surgical scar was slight,and in all the patients,symptoms disappeared.Conclusions The operation of endoscopy assisted suction-cutter removal of apocrine sweat glands is a minimally invasive surgery.The advantages include direct vision,radical operation,well preserved dermal vascular network and lower risk of complications.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800689

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the predictive value of serum high-mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1) for hemorrhage transformation (HT) after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.@*Methods@#From February 2017 to September 2019, patients with acute ischemic stroke underwent intravenous thrombolysis in Lixin County People's Hospital, Bozhou, Anhui Province were enrolled prospectively. In the morning of the day after admission, fasting blood was collected to detect the level of serum HMGB1. Twenty-four hours after intravenous thrombolysis, CT reexamination was performed to determine whether HT occurred. The demographic and baseline clinical data were compared between the HT group and the non-HT group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for HT after thrombolysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of serum HMGB1 level to HT.@*Results@#A total of 182 patients were enrolled in the study, including 22 in the HT group and 160 in the non-HT group. The age, fasting blood glucose, serum HMGB1 level, and the proportion of history of atrial fibrillation and regular antiplatelet medication before onset in the HT group was significantly higher than those in the non-HT group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the increased serum HGMB1 level (odds ratio [OR] 2.145, 95% confidence interval[CI] 1.467-3.138; P=0.002), taking antiplatelet drugs regularly before onset (OR 5.496, 95% CI 1.700-17.768; P=0.004) and increased baseline fasting blood glucose level (OR 1.333, 95% CI 1.024-1.736; P=0.033) were the independent risk factors for HT after intravenous thrombolysis. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of serum HMGB1 level predicting HT after intravenous thrombolysis was 0.788 (95% CI 0.721-0.845; P<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity were 72.73% and 82.50%, respectively, when the best cutoff value was 7.97 μg/L.@*Conclusion@#The increased baseline HMGB1 level may predict the risk of HT after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798001

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the neurocognitive characteristics and related factors in the elderly with subjective cognitive decline.@*Methods@#Among the 1 850 elderly volunteers aged over 50, 377 cognitive normal elderly (NC group), 234 subjective cognitive decline (SCD Group) and 291 patients with mild cognitive impairment (aMCI Group) were screened with the brief elderly cognitive screening questionnaire and the elderly rapid cognitive screening scale.They were all received clinical interview and examination and core neurocognitive test.@*Results@#(1) There were statistically significant differences in the three groups on the age, education, occupation, HAMD, low density lipoprotein and blood pressure (P<0.01). (2) The score of the picture-symbol association in SCD group(8.94±4.05)was lower than that in NC group(9.83±4.18)and higher than that in aMCI group (7.12±4.17)(all P<0.05), while the scores of the other neuropsychological tests were higher than those in aMCI group.There were no statistically significant difference between SCD group and NC group on the other neuropsychological tests(P>0.05). (3)The SCD was mainly influenced by age(β=0.063, OR=1.065, 95%CI=1.033-1.099), depression(β=0.182, OR=1.199, 95%CI=1.084-1.327)and hypertension(β=0.473, OR=1.604, 95%CI=1.185-2.171)(all P<0.01). And the aMCI was mainly influenced by age(β=0.078, OR=1.081, 95%CI=1.048-1.115), education(β=-0.174, OR=0.840, 95%CI=0.778-0.907), occupation(β=-0.406, OR=0.666, 95%CI=0.535-0.830)and low density lipoprotein(β=-0.451, OR=0.637, 95%CI=0.497-0.816)(all P<0.01 ).@*Conclusion@#Objective neurocognitive function of the elderly with subjective cognitive decline is basically normal.Age, depression and hypertension are risk factors of subjective cognitive decline.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796820

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of early-stage training combined with the ultrashort wave therapy on the functional recovery of rats after a spinal cord injury, and to observe the expression of aquaporin protein-4 (AQP-4) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP).@*Methods@#Fifty female Sprague-Dawley rats had spinal cord injury (SCI) induced using the modified Allen′s method. After successful modeling, 40 were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a control group, an ultrashort wave group, a treadmill group and a combined group, each of 8. Motor function in their hind limbs was evaluated 4 weeks after the operation using BBB scoring. GFAP and AQP-4 immunohistochemical staining were used to determine the integral optical density (IOD) of the protein expression.@*Results@#The average BBB score of the sham operation group was 21, while the other four groups averages were all less than 1 on the 1st day after the operation. They gradually increased with time, and by 4 weeks the increases were significant. Compared with the control group at the same time point, the average BBB scores of the treadmill and the combined groups were significantly higher. Compared with the ultrashort wave group, the average BBB score of the treadmill group was higher after 4 weeks, and the combined group′s average was significantly higher at 2, 3 and 4 weeks after the operation. Four weeks after the SCI modeling, the average AQP-4 IOD and GFAP IOD levels of the ultrashort wave group, the treadmill group and the combined group were lower than that of the control group, while the average AQP-4 and GFAP IOD levels of the combined group were significantly lower than those of the ultrashort wave group. Compared with the treadmill group, the combined group had a significantly lower average GFAP level.@*Conclusions@#Both treadmill training and ultrashort wave treatment promote motor function recovery after a spinal cord injury. The mechanism may be related to downregulation of AQP-4 and GFAP expression at the injured site. Combining the two treatments gives better effects.

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