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1.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 802-805, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and anticoagulation-related bleeding of acute critical emergency patients staying in the emergency department at least 72 h, so as to improve the ability of emergency physicians to identify risk factors of VTE and their awareness of safety prevention in these patients.Methods:Multicenter emergency internal medicine patients meeting the inclusion criteria at the same time were collected. Padua and Caprini scores were used to evaluate the risk of VTE and the HAS-BLED score was used to assess the risk of anticoagulation-related bleeding.Results:A total of 930 emergency patients from 7 medical centers were enrolled in our study from January 15, 2021 to March 15, 2021. The proportion of high-risk population with VTE was 50.22% with Padua score and 78.49% with Caprini score, respectively. The proportion of high-risk bleeding (HAS-BLED score) was 40.43%.Conclusions:More than half of the acute critical ill patients who stay in emergency department for more than 72 h are at high risk of VTE. This group of patients have a relatively low risk of anticoagulation-related bleeding.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2213-2218, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To optimize the processing technology of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma, and to compare the anti-gastric ulcer effect before and after processing. METHODS Combing with entropy-weight and technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution model, L(9 34) orthogonal experiment design was adopted to optimize the processing technology of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma using the comprehensive score of the contents of atractylone, β-cineole, atractylenolide Ⅲ and atractylodine as evaluation index, using the ratio of excipients to medicine, frying temperature and frying time as factors. The validation tests were conducted. The gastric ulcer model of mice was induced by intragastrical administration of anhydrous ethanol; using Compound aluminum hydroxide tablet as positive control, anti-gastric ulcer effect of Atractylodis Rhizoma was compared with that of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma using the contents of serum inflammatory factors [interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)], ulcer index and inhibitory rate of gastric ulcer as evaluation indexes. RESULTS The optimal processing technology of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma was as follows:ratio of adjuvant and medicinal materials of 3∶10 (g/g), frying temperature at 140 ℃ and frying time of 4 min. Results of 3 validation tests showed that the contents of 4 components (including atractylone), in honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma processed by the optimal technology kept stable (RSDs were 3.47%-5.80%, n=3); the comprehensive scores were 95.53%-95.89% (RSD=0.21%, n=3). Atractylodis Rhizoma and honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma could increase the serum content of IL-2 in mice, but reduce serum contents of IL-6 and TNF-α to varying degrees; honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma could significantly decrease its ulcer indexes (P<0.05 or P< 0.01); the improvement effect of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma on the above indicators was generally better than that of the same dosage of Atractylodis Rhizoma (P<0.05 or P< 0.01). The inhibitory rates of low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose Atractylodis Rhizoma and honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma to gastric ulcer in mice were 9.18%, 19.30%, 30.70%, and 50.32%, 61.39%, 53.16%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The optimal processing technology of honey bran-fried Atractylodis Rhizoma is stable and feasible, and the anti-gastric ulcer effect of Atractylodis Rhizoma has been enhanced after being fried with honey bran.

3.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986743

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSuicide is one of the serious public health problems worldwide. The relationship between suicide and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) may vary in different regions and different age. It is necessary to further investigate the relationship between NLR and suicidal ideation in Chinese children and adolescents with depression. ObjectiveTo explore the correlation between NLR and suicidal ideation in children and adolescents with depression, so as to provide clues for exploring the biomarkers of suicide. MethodsA retrospective analysis of 536 children and adolescents with depression who were hospitalized in the Third People's Hospital of Fuyang from January 2020 to December 2022 and met the diagnostic criteria of the International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10) was performed. Patients were divided into two groups according to whether they reported suicidal ideation. Demographic data, discharge diagnosis, Hamilton Depression Scale-17 item (HAMD-17) score and hematological test data (neutrophil counts, lymphocyte counts) on the second day were collected from medical records. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the optimal cut-off point of NLR for predicting suicidal ideation in children and adolescents with depression, and binary Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for suicidal ideation. ResultsAmong the 536 patients, 429 cases (80.04%) had no suicidal ideation, and 107 cases (19.96%) had suicidal ideation. Compared with patients without suicidal ideation, the HAMD-17 score [(25.28±8.86) vs. (21.21±8.46), F=19.400, P<0.01], neutrophil level [(3.85±1.68)×109/L vs. (3.15±1.14)×109/L, Z=4.073, P<0.01], and NLR level [(1.96±1.50) vs. (1.52±0.71), Z=3.532, P<0.01] in the suicidal ideation patients were significantly higher. The optimal critical NLR value determined by the ROC curve was 1.52 (59.80% sensitivity, 58.50% specificity), with an area under the curve of 0.610. Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of suicidal ideation was 1.94 times higher in those with high NLR than in the low NLR after controlling for age, sex, age at onset, duration of illness, and HAMD-17 score (OR=1.940, 95% CI: 1.251~3.009, P=0.003). ConclusionNLR may be a risk factor and potential biomarker influencing suicidal ideation in the children and adolescents with first-episode depression. [Funded by Scientific Research Project of Fuyang Municipal Health Commission (number, FY2020xg14)]

4.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1018-1026, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002740

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and insomnia symptoms are common in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), which might lead to a poor prognosis and an increased risk of depression relapse. The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence, and sociodemographic and clinical correlates of EDS and insomnia symptoms among adolescents with MDD. @*Methods@#The sample of this cross-sectional study included 297 adolescents (mean age=15.26 years; range=12–18 years; 218 females) with MDD recruited from three general and four psychiatric hospitals in five cities (Hefei, Bengbu, Fuyang, Suzhou, and Ma’anshan) in Anhui Province, China between January and August, 2021. EDS and insomnia symptoms, and clinical severity of depressive symptoms were assessed using Epworth sleepiness scale, Insomnia Severity Index, and Clinical Global Impression-Severity. @*Results@#The prevalence of EDS and insomnia symptoms in adolescents with MDD was 39.7% and 38.0%, respectively. Binary logistic regression analyses showed that EDS symptoms were significantly associated with higher body mass index (odds ratio [OR]=1.097, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.027–1.172), more severe depressive symptoms (OR=1.313, 95% CI=1.028–1.679), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors use (OR=2.078, 95% CI=1.199–3.601). And insomnia symptoms were positively associated with female sex (OR=1.955, 95% CI=1.052–3.633), suicide attempts (OR=1.765, 95% CI=1.037–3.005), more severe depressive symptoms (OR=2.031, 95% CI=1.523–2.709), and negatively associated with antipsychotics use (OR=0.433, 95% CI=0.196–0.952). @*Conclusion@#EDS and insomnia symptoms are common among adolescents with MDD. Considering their negative effects on the clinical prognosis, regular screening and clinical managements should be developed for this patient population.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 514-519, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diversity and structural changes of intestinal flora in patients with sepsis.Methods:A total of 55 patients were enrolled who visited the Emergency Department of several Grade III-A hospitals from November 2015 to March 2016. Among them, 25 patients with sepsis metthe diagnostic criteria of Sepsis 3.0 and 30 patients had no sepsis. The intestinal flora from all fecal samples was sequenced by 16S rRNA sequencing technology. The diversity and structure changes of the flora were analyzed using Uparse, Qiime, R and LEfSe software.Results:There was no significant difference in sex, age, chronic underlying diseases, and the diversity of intestinal flora between the sepsis and non-sepsis groups (all P>0.05). The structure of intestinal flora was significant different between the two groups ( P<0.05). Abundances of Negativicutes, Selenomonadales, Veillonellaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Faecalibacterium, Hafnia, Lachnoclostridium, Blautia and Ruminococcus in intestinal flora from patients with sepsis were significantly reduced, but those of Bacilli, Coriobacteriia, Lactobacillales, Coriobacteriales, Clostridiaceae, Coriobacteriaceae, Clostridium_sensu_stricto, Collinsella and Collinsella_aerofaciens were significantly increased. Conclusions:There is no change in the diversity of intestinal flora between the sepsis and non-sepsis groups. There are structural changes of intestinal flora in patients with sepsis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 794-797, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957971

ABSTRACT

Hanger reflex is a common phenomenon in the population that involuntary head and neck rotation or skew occurs when applying pressure to the forehead, tempus or occipitalia with an ordinary wire hanger tightly around the head. The hanger reflex is consistent with the characteristics of sensory tricks in dystonia, and the phenomenon induced by it in normal people should be regarded as negative sensory tricks in dystonia. The mechanism of dystonia behind the hanger reflex and its therapeutic potential deserve more clinicians′ attention.

7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 524-527, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004246

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the value of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in the diagnosis and prediction of disease severity in adolescent atopic dermatitis (AD). 【Methods】 A total of 100 AD patients and 50 healthy individuals were selected from Dermatology Department of our hospital.The age, gender, blood routine results of all subjects were collected, and NLR and PLR were calculated.The diagnostic value of NLR and PLR for AD and severe AD was discussed by receiver operating curve (ROC), the relationship between NLR, PLR and the risk of AD was analyzed. 【Results】 The AUC of NLR and PLR in the diagnosis of AD was 0.780 and 0.769, with the best cutoff value at 2.95 and 98.50 respectively, and no significant difference in the predictive value between NLR and PLR was noticed (P>0.05). The proportion of NLR≥2.95, PLR≥98.50, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), white blood cell count (WBC) and eosinophils (E) in AD group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). Before and after adjusting for confounding factors, the odds ratio (OR) of patients with NLR≥2.95 and PLR≥98.50 were 12.250 vs 6.048 and 5.525 vs 4.352, respectively.NLR, PLR and E in mild AD group were lower than those in severe AD group, and NLR and E in moderate AD group were lower than those in severe AD group, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The AUC of NLR and PLR in diagnosis of severe AD was respectively 0.712 and 0.675, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). NLR, PLR, RDW and E were positively correlated with SCORAD score, and the r values were 0.254, 0.198, 0.202 and 0.219 respectively. 【Conclusion】 The increase of NLR and PLR were the risk factors of AD, and had certain diagnostic value for AD and severe AD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 681-684, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the use of trans gastric sinus stent placement and drainage in management of persistent external pancreatic fistula.Methods:The clinical data of 12 patients who developed persistent external pancreatic fistulae after severe acute pancreatitis, pancreatic trauma or pancreatic surgery who were treated at the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from August 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 10 males and 2 females, aged 30 to 65 years, median 43.5 years. These patients underwent trans gastric sinus stent placement and drainage, and were followed-up to study persistence of pancreatic fistula, new pancreatic fluid accumulation, complications and death.Results:In this study, there were 9 patients who developed persistent external pancreatic fistulae after severe acute pancreatitis, 2 patients after pancreatic trauma, and 1 patient after pancreatic surgery. The median operation time was 47 min (range 38-54 min). The technical success rate was 100.0% (12/12). The median follow-up was 22.5 months (range 2-29 months). Seven days after stenting, the percutaneous drainage tubes (urinary catheters) of all the patients were removed. One patient (8.3%) developed recurrence of pancreatic fistula 17 days after treatment. The same procedure of placing another stent was done and the patient recovered. Six months after treatment, 2 patients (16.7%) lost their stents, and 1 patient developed a pseudocyst (recurrence of pancreatic fistula). The maximum diameter of this pseudocyst increased gradually to 7cm after 9 months. A double pigtail drainage tube was placed under endoscopy in this patient, and the patients recovered. All the other patients did not develop recurrence of pancreatic fistula or pseudocyst. During the follow-up period, no patient developed any new complications including pancreatic fluid accumulation, fever, bleeding, infection and organ dysfunction, and no patients died.Conclusion:It was safe and efficacious to use trans gastric sinus stent placement for treatment of persistent external pancreatic fistula. However, the long-term outcomes require further studies.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 909-912, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932716

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the strategy and efficacy using minimally invasive treatment for grade Ⅲ&Ⅳ blunt pancreatic injuries.Methods:Retrospective data retrieved from medical records of 13 patients with grade Ⅲ&Ⅳ blunt pancreatic injuries who underwent minimally invasive treatment at the Chinese PLA General Hospital from July 2011 to June 2019 were analysed. There were 10 males and 3 females, aged (38±9) years. Minimally invasive treatment included percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) and minimal-access retroperitoneal pancreatic necrosectomy (MARPN). Date from enrolled patients were anylsed.Results:There were 9 patients suffering from grade Ⅲ injuries and 4 patients suffering from grade Ⅳ injuries. On initial conservative treatment of these 13 patients, all developed local complications. The local complications were treated using minimally invasive treatment strategies: 13 patients underwent PCD. The median intervention time for PCD was 25 days after trauma; 10 patients were further treated with MARPN, and the median intervention time of MARPN was 41 days after trauma. Twelve patients recovered well and were discharged home. One patient died. The mortality rate was 7.7% (1/13). The median postoperative hospital stay was 19 days.Conclusion:For patients with pancreatic grade Ⅲ&Ⅳ injuries who were hemodynamically stable and had no other associated gastrointestinal injuries, initial conservative treatment, followed by subsequent minimally invasive treatment based on MARPN technology could be used to treat local complications.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 350-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the use of left renal vein as a graft vessel in reconstruction after portal vein/superior mesenteric vein (PV-SMV) resection in pancreaticoduodenectomy.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 5 of these patients who underwent surgery from July 2008 to December 2017 at Chinese PLA General Hospital. The operative, complication and follow-up data were analysed.Results:There were 4 males and 1 female, with an average age of 57 (33-72) years. The mean operative time was 6.8 (5.4-9.1) h and the mean tumor size was 3.8 (2.8-4.8) cm. The average length of the PV-SMV defect left after resection was 3.8 (3.2-4.6) cm. The average length of the left renal vein used was 3.4 (3.0-4.1) cm. The operations were carried out in 3 patients with pancreatic cancer and in 2 patients with colon cancer pancreatic metastasis. The average postoperative hospital stay was 12 (10-25) days. Perioperative complications included 1 patient each with ascites, diarrhea and delayed gastric emptying. The creatinine levels ranged from 70-98 μmol/L preoperatively, with a transient creatinine rise to 80-156 μmol/L after operation and became 62-107 μmol/L upon discharge from hospital. The follow-up time was 4.3-17.8 months. Two patients died of recurrence/metastasis at 14.2 and 17.8 months after surgery.Conclusions:The left renal vein has the appropriate diameter and rich collateral branches. It has a sufficient length and it is conveniently located in the surgical field. This study showed that there was a minimal effect on renal function after its excision, and it can be used as a graft vessel for reconstruction in pancreaticoduodenectomy after PV-SMV resection.

11.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 444-447, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987487

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the status of sleep insufficiency in children and adolescents with mental disorders and related influencing factors. MethodsA total of 131 children and adolescents who were admitted to the Third People's Hospital of Fuyang from February to June 2021 and met the diagnostic criteria of International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10) for schizophrenia, depression or childhood-onset mood disorders were selected as the research subjects. A self-compiled questionnaire was used to collect the general demographic information, sleep status, lifestyle habits, family and school status of the selected individuals. The demographic information was compared between sleep sufficiency group and sleep insufficiency group. Spearman rank correlation was used to screen the influencing factors. Results① Among 131 children and adolescents with mental disorders, 93 cases (71.0%) had sleep insufficiency. There were significant differences between sleep insufficiency group and sleep sufficiency group in terms of disease types (χ2=8.798, P=0.012), experience of being beaten in recent 6 months (χ2=3.427, P=0.035), being scolded in recent 6 months (χ2=4.145, P=0.031), and cyberbullying over the past year (χ2=4.187, P=0.041). ② Among patients with sleep insufficiency, 77 cases (82.8%) reported difficulty in falling asleep and 69 cases (74.2%) reported nocturnal awakenings. ③ Sleep insufficiency in children and adolescents with mental disorders was positively correlated with the experience of being scolded (r=0.210, P=0.037) or beaten (r=0.145, P=0.023) over the past 6 months and cyberbullying over the past year (r=0.179, P=0.041). ConclusionChildren and adolescents with mental disorders suffer a high risk of sleep insufficiency, and is closely associated with depressive disorder, experience of being scolded or beaten over the past 6 months, and cyberbullying over the past year.

12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 533-539, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the microRNAs (miRNAs) targeting Rictor and investigate their effects in regulating the biological behaviors of colorectal cancer (CRC).@*METHODS@#Human colorectal cancer cell line KM12SM was transfected with the miRNAs targeting Rictor identified by prediction software to test inhibitory effects of these miRNAs on Rictor expression using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to further confirm the binding of these miRNAs to the 3'UTR of Rictor mRNA. Cell survival and colony formation assays were used to investigate the effects of these miRNAs on survival and colony formation in KM12SM cells.@*RESULTS@#miR-152 and miR-448 were identified as the Rictor-targeting miRNAs, which significantly inhibited the expression of Rictor in KM12SM cells ( < 0.05). The two miRNAs were confirmed to bind to the 3'UTR of Rictor mRNA and significantly inhibited luciferase activity in KM12SM cells ( < 0.01, < 0.05); they also showed activities of posttranscriptional modulation of Rictor. Overexpression of miR-152 and miR-448 both significantly inhibited the growth and colony formation of KM12SM cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#miR-152 and miR-448 can down-regulate the protein expression of Rictor by targeting Rictor mRNA to negatively regulate the growth and colony formation of colorectal cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , 3' Untranslated Regions , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs , Pharmacology , Rapamycin-Insensitive Companion of mTOR Protein
13.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 833-837, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801203

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the clinical effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) in the peri-operative period, and to explore its neural mechanism.@*Methods@#Eighty patients who underwent surgical decompression for CSM were randomly divided into a hyperbaric oxygen group (n=40) and a control group (n=40). Both groups received cervical laminoplasty and systematic rehabilitation treatment after the surgery, while the hyperbaric oxygen group was additionally provided with hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the peri-operative period. The patients′ neurological status was evaluated using Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores. Both groups received conventional MRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) before and 6 months after the surgery.@*Results@#After the surgery, both groups gained significant improvement in their average JOA score, with the improvement of the hyperbaric oxygen group significantly greater than in the control group. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the average pre-operative JOA score was significantly correlated with the anisotropic fraction (FA) and the apparent dispersion coefficient (ADC) of the compressed spinal cord. Six months after the surgery such correlation still persisted. During the six months, significant increase was observed in the average FA and significant decrease in the average ADC in both groups, with the average FA of the hyperbaric oxygen group (0.726±0.087) significantly higher at the end of the 6 months than that in the control group. The average ADC (1.148±0.079)×10-3 mm2/s) was significantly lower.@*Conclusions@#DTI′s quantitative indicators can objectively show changes in the microstructure and pathological state of spinal cords. Exposure to hyperbaric oxygen may relieve ischemia and hypoxia of the spinal cord, promoting the repair of injured neurons and accelerating the regeneration of nerve fibers.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 894-897, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824071

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the iodine nutritional status of children and pregnant women in Hulunbuir,Inner Mongolia after reduction of salt iodine content,and to provide theoretical bases for scientific iodine supplementation.Methods In May to October 2018,according to "Inner Mongolia Iodine Deficiency Disorders Surveillance Project (2016)",in 14 banners (cities,districts) of Hulunbuir,each banner (city,district) was divided into 5 sampling areas according to the location of east,west,south,north and middle,and 40 non-boarding children aged 8-10 years old (age matched,half male and half female) and 20 pregnant women were selected.Salt samples and urine samples were collected to detect salt and urinary iodine levels.Salt iodine was detected based on the "General Test Method in Salt Industry-Determination of Iodine" (GB/T 13025.7-2012),and urinary iodine was detected based on the "Method for Determination of Iodine in Urine by As3+-Ce4+ Catalytic Spectrophotometry" (WS/T 107-2009),the iodine nutritional status was determined according to the standards of urinary iodine recommended by WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD.At the same time,the goiter condition of children was examined by B-ultrasound.Results A total of 4 018 salt samples from homes of children and pregnant women were collected,the median of salt iodine was 22.61 mg/kg,the iodized salt coverage rate was 94.50% (3 797/4 018),the qualified rate of iodized salt was 96.92% (3 680/3 797),and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 91.59% (3 680/4 018).A total of 2 790 urine samples from children were collected,the median of urinary iodine was 179.15 μg/L;and 1 228 urine samples from pregnant women were collected,the median of urinary iodine was 156.88 μg/L.There were 9 banners (cities,districts) where children were at the iodine appropriate level,4 banners (cities,districts) were higher than the iodine appropriate level and 1 banner was at iodine excessive level.There were 4 banners (cities,districts) where pregnant women were at the iodine deficiency level,8 banners (cities,districts) were at the iodine appropriate level and 2 banners (cities) were higher than the iodine appropriate level.A total of 2 629 children were examined thyroid gland,and the goiter rate was 0.99% (26/2 629).Conclusions After reduction of salt iodine content,the iodine nutrition of children and pregnant women in Hulunbuir is generally at an appropriate level.In some banners (cities,districts),children and pregnant women are at iodine deficiency level,iodine over appropriate level or iodine excessive level.Iodine nutrition monitoring measures of children and pregnant women should be strengthened.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 894-897, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800946

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the iodine nutritional status of children and pregnant women in Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia after reduction of salt iodine content, and to provide theoretical bases for scientific iodine supplementation.@*Methods@#In May to October 2018, according to "Inner Mongolia Iodine Deficiency Disorders Surveillance Project (2016)", in 14 banners (cities, districts) of Hulunbuir, each banner (city, district) was divided into 5 sampling areas according to the location of east, west, south, north and middle, and 40 non-boarding children aged 8-10 years old (age matched, half male and half female) and 20 pregnant women were selected. Salt samples and urine samples were collected to detect salt and urinary iodine levels. Salt iodine was detected based on the "General Test Method in Salt Industry-Determination of Iodine" (GB/T 13025.7-2012), and urinary iodine was detected based on the "Method for Determination of Iodine in Urine by As3+-Ce4+ Catalytic Spectrophotometry" (WS/T 107-2009), the iodine nutritional status was determined according to the standards of urinary iodine recommended by WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD. At the same time, the goiter condition of children was examined by B-ultrasound.@*Results@#A total of 4 018 salt samples from homes of children and pregnant women were collected, the median of salt iodine was 22.61 mg/kg, the iodized salt coverage rate was 94.50% (3 797/4 018), the qualified rate of iodized salt was 96.92% (3 680/3 797), and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 91.59% (3 680/4 018). A total of 2 790 urine samples from children were collected, the median of urinary iodine was 179.15 μg/L; and 1 228 urine samples from pregnant women were collected, the median of urinary iodine was 156.88 μg/L. There were 9 banners (cities, districts) where children were at the iodine appropriate level, 4 banners (cities, districts) were higher than the iodine appropriate level and 1 banner was at iodine excessive level. There were 4 banners (cities, districts) where pregnant women were at the iodine deficiency level, 8 banners (cities, districts) were at the iodine appropriate level and 2 banners (cities) were higher than the iodine appropriate level. A total of 2 629 children were examined thyroid gland, and the goiter rate was 0.99% (26/2 629).@*Conclusions@#After reduction of salt iodine content, the iodine nutrition of children and pregnant women in Hulunbuir is generally at an appropriate level. In some banners (cities, districts), children and pregnant women are at iodine deficiency level, iodine over appropriate level or iodine excessive level. Iodine nutrition monitoring measures of children and pregnant women should be strengthened.

16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 917-920, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800084

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effectiveness of non-operative of colonic fistula following acute pancreatitis.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 354 patients with acute pancreatitis who were admitted to Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of Chinese People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2013 to December 2018. Age of the patients was (46±14) years (range: 14-85 years); 249 cases (70.3%) were males. There were 41 cases of acute edematous pancreatitis and 313 cases of acute necrotising pancreatitis. Two hundred and fifteen cases were diagnosed as moderate severe acute pancreatitis and 139 were diagnosed as severe acute pancreatitis. Among 313 cases of acute necrotising pancreatitis, 62 cases underwent non-surgical treatment, 251 cases underwent surgical treatment in which 218 of minimal access retroperitoneal pancreatic necrosectomy underwent percutaneous nephroliguectomy with peripancreatic necrotic tissue removal technique.@*Results@#There were 15 cases of colon fistula following acute necrotising pancreatitis, and the incidence rate was 4.2%(15/354). There were 7 males and 8 females, with age of (39±8) years (range: 27 to 50 years). The median interval between acute pancreatitis onset and diagnosis of colonic fistula was 71 days(27-134) days. Two cases occurred at the hepatic flexure of the colon, 4 cases at transverse colon, and 9 cases at splenic flexure of colon. Of the 354 patients, 39 cases died and the mortality was 11.0%. Two patients underwent laparotomy, and one of them died. The remaining 13 patients underwent non-surgical treatment and were discharged.@*Conclusion@#Acute pancreatitis with colonic fistula can be treated with non-surgical treatment and can achieve good prognosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 822-826, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797999

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between insulin resistance and plasma hypersensitive reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with chronic schizophrenia.@*Methods@#A total of 247 inpatients with chronic schizophrenia (patient group) and 166 cases of normal individuals(control group) were enrolled.Their general demographic and clinical data were collected, fasting blood glucose, hs-CRP, c-peptide and insulin indexes were tested, and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated.The insulin resistance level of the patients group and the control group was compared by Mann-Whitney U test, and the relationship between insulin-resistance and hs-CRP in patients group was analyzed using Spearman correlation analysis.@*Results@#(1)The levels of C-peptide (2.53(2.06, 3.23)ng/ml vs 2.24(1.89, 2.87)ng/ml), insulin (7.68(4.66, 11.97)μIU/ml vs 7.02(4.31, 9.59)μIU/ml) and HOMA-IR (1.75(1.09, 3.07) vs 1.57(0.97, 2.22)) in the patient group were significantly higher than those in the control group(all P<0.05). (2) The levels of HOMA-IR( 1.91(1.21, 3.74) vs 1.70(1.02, 2.72)) in patients with high hs-CRP(≥3 mg/L) was higher than those in the patients with low hs-CRP(<3 mg/L)(P<0.05). (3)Spearman correlation analysis showed that HOMA-IR was positively correlated with plasma hs-CRP level in the patient group (r=0.139, P<0.05). (4)After logarithmic transformation of related variables, multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HOMA-IR was linearly correlated with hs-CRP level and boy weight index.@*Conclusion@#The hs-CRP level in chronic schizophrenia has a positive predictive effect on insulin resistance.Detection of hs-CRP level in schizophrenic patients is helpful to assess metabolic risk of insulin.

18.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 822-826, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791108

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between insulin resistance and plasma hypersen-sitive reactive protein (hs-CRP) in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Methods A total of 247 inpatients with chronic schizophrenia ( patient group) and 166 cases of normal individuals( control group) were en-rolled. Their general demographic and clinical data were collected,fasting blood glucose,hs-CRP,c-peptide and insulin indexes were tested,and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated. The insulin resist-ance level of the patients group and the control group was compared by Mann-Whitney U test,and the rela-tionship between insulin-resistance and hs-CRP in patients group was analyzed using Spearman correlation a-nalysis. Results (1)The levels of C-peptide (2. 53(2. 06,3. 23)ng/ml vs 2. 24(1. 89,2. 87)ng/ml), in-sulin (7. 68(4. 66,11. 97)μIU/ml vs 7. 02(4. 31,9. 59) μIU/ml) and HOMA-IR (1. 75(1. 09, 3. 07) vs 1. 57(0. 97,2. 22)) in the patient group were significantly higher than those in the control group( all P<0. 05). ( 2) The levels of HOMA-IR( 1. 91( 1. 21,3. 74) vs 1. 70(1. 02,2. 72)) in patients with high hs-CRP(≥3 mg/L) was higher than those in the patients with low hs-CRP (<3 mg/L) (P<0. 05). ( 3) Spearman correlation analysis showed that HOMA-IR was positively correlated with plasma hs-CRP level in the patient group (r=0. 139,P<0. 05). (4)After logarithmic transformation of related variables,multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HOMA-IR was linearly correlated with hs-CRP level and boy weight in-dex. Conclusion The hs-CRP level in chronic schizophrenia has a positive predictive effect on insulin re-sistance. Detection of hs-CRP level in schizophrenic patients is helpful to assess metabolic risk of insulin.

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International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 677-682, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751782

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the distribution of sex, month of onset and type of infection virus in children with hand, foot and mouth disease of different TCM syndromes in Heilongjiang province. Methods A total of 2 688 hospitalized children who met the admission criteria in the Infectious Disease Department of Harbin Infectious Disease Hospital from September 1, 2014 to August 31, 2016 were selected. The TCM syndrome differentiation according to the clinical manifestations of children on the day of admission. The distribution of sex, month of onset and type of infection virus in children with different syndrome types were analyzed by SPSS 19.0 software. Results Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) was more common in males than females in Heilongjiang, with a ratio of 1.58:1. Children of all sexes with hand, foot and mouth disease in Heilongjiang were predominantly with lung-defense syndrome. The incidence of lung-defense syndrome, lung-stomach heat syndrome, damp-heat syndrome and heart-spleen heat syndrome were the majority among the children aged 1-4 years, and the lung-defense syndrome was the highest proportion. From July to September, most of the cases occurred, especially in the case of lung-defense syndrome. Pathogenic tests showed that 1 456 cases were enterovirus universal RNA positive, 203 cases were enterovirus 71 positive and 108 cases were coxsackievirus A16 positive. The most common pathogens of the three pathogens were pathogenic lung-defense syndrome. Conclusions herewere some differences in age, time and virus infection among 2 688 children with hand, foot and mouth disease of different TCM syndromes in Heilongjiang, which may be related to region and climate.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1539-1541, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816587

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence and trend of the poor eyesight in primary and middle school students in Beijing, and to provide theoretical basis for eyesight protection and myopia prevention and control.@*Methods@#According to "Technical Standard for Student Health Inspection" (GB/T 26343-2010), students were examined with a standard logarithmic visual acuity E chart for naked eye vision.@*Results@#The prevalence of poor eyesight among primary and middle school students in 2010-2016 was 63.0%, 62.1%, 62.9%, 60.7%, 59.2% and 58.6% respectively, decreased by 7.0% in 6 years, primary school students dropped by 9.7%, and junior school students, senior high school students and vocational high school students increased by 5.5%, 3.3% and 14.1% respectively. Urban and suburban areas(61.2%,54.3%) decreased by 9.6% and 2.9% respectively. Regardless of boys and girls, urban and suburb, between 2010 and 2016, the overall composition ratio of students in each school segment was expressed as primary school > junior school > senior high school students > vocational high school, and vocational high school students accounted for the minimum; the overall composition ratio of primary school has become more and more large.@*Conclusion@#Eyesight protection and myopia prevention among primary and middle school students in Beijing is still challenging. All departments should take active and effective measures to control the newly onset and progression of low vision and improve eyesight.

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