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1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 131-134, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012794

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the postoperative therapeutic effect of prokinetic agents in patients after tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) under cardiopulmonary bypass. Methods Patients received TVR under cardiopulmonary bypass (during June 2010 to December 2021) in the department of Cardiovascular Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Naval Medical University were selected as the subjects of our study. The data of basic characteristics, first postoperative defecation time and postoperative recovery condition were collected and retrospectively analyzed in the patients taking prokinetic agents within three days after surgery (prevention group) and patients not taking prokinetic agents within three days after surgery (control group). Results A total of 184 patients were selected, including 101 in the prevention group and 83 in the control group. The first defecation time of patients in the prevention group was significantly earlier than that in the control group (P<0.05). The incidences of abdominal distension and pulmonary infection in the prevention group were significantly lower than that in the control group. The length of time in ICU, postoperative mechanical ventilation and nasogastric tube decompression in the prevention group were significantly shorter than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Taking prokinetic agents within three days after TVR under cardiopulmonary bypass could effectively improve the prognosis of patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 273-278, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995551

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and evaluate the safety and efficacy of a Chinese domestically manufactured Heart Con-type implantable third-generation magnetic and hydrodynamic levitation left ventricular assist device(LVAD) for the treatment of end-stage heart failure(ESHF), by reporting the results of eleven-center clinical trial on 50 cases.Methods:This study was a multicenter clinical trial, designed by means of prospective, multicenter and single-group target value. 50 subjects with ESHF were competitively enrolled and treated with HeartCon as the LVAD in eleven centers. The primary efficacy measure was survival, defined as either the subjects experiencing the transition to heart transplantation(HT) or myocardial recovery assisted by the device within 90 days, or as successfully assisted by the LVAD for full 90 days after implantation. The target survival rate was 60%, other observations included implantation success rate, mortality, pump failure needing replacement or emergency heart transplantation.Results:All enrolled 50 patients received LVAD implantation successfully, 46 survived with the pump for 90 days, 1 patient transitioned to heart transplantation, and 3 patients experienced pump thrombosis, within which 2 patients underwent pump replacement and continued to live with the pump for 90 days, and the other one received emergency heart transplantation. There were no dropout subjects. The survival rate at full 90 days after HeartCon implantation was 100%. The survival rates with pump in the full set analysis and the protocol set analysis were 96.00% and 95.92% respectively, which were higher than the target value of 60%. The differences were both statistically significant( P<0.05). Conclusion:The results of the multicenter clinical trial with the largest sample size in China using domestically manufactured third-generation LVAD has demonstrated that, HeartCon is a safe and effective LVAD to treat ESHF patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 178-182, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical outcomes of recipients with refractory heart failure requiring an insertion of mechanical circulation support(MCS)device prior to heart transplantation(HT).Methods:From March 2017 to December 2021, retrospective review is performed for clinical data of 7 recipients with refractory heart failure requiring a bridging placement of MCS.There are 2 males and 5 females with an average age of(39.0±16.3)years(7~56 years)and an average weight of(57.6±19.9)kg(7~56 kg).The primary diseases of recipients are dilated cardiomyopathy(4 cases)severe viral myocarditis(2 cases)and ischemic cardiomyopathy(1 case).All of them develope acute decompensation of congestive heart failure.Before implanting MCS, two or more inotropic drugs are offered at maximal doses ages or IABP device, 6 cases required cardio-pulmonary resuscitation treatment and another patient for Heartcon assistance.All the patients bridge to heart transplatation.Results:Adjuvant therapy of MCS was offered for(20.0±11.5)d(7~34 d).Emergency HT is performed.Two post-HT deaths occurr due to multiple organ failure(1 case)and severe infection(1 case).The remainders recover smoothly during a follow-up period of(6~24 months).Conclusions:MCS device is recommended as a bridging too for HT recipients with refractory heart failure.It is imperative to improve clinical outcomes with MCS support before an onset of multiple organ dysfunction.Despite a perioperative mortality, long-term prognosis is generally satisfactory.

4.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 14-14, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971602

ABSTRACT

Tooth germ injury can lead to abnormal tooth development and even tooth loss, affecting various aspects of the stomatognathic system including form, function, and appearance. However, the research about tooth germ injury model on cellular and molecule mechanism of tooth germ repair is still very limited. Therefore, it is of great importance for the prevention and treatment of tooth germ injury to study the important mechanism of tooth germ repair by a tooth germ injury model. Here, we constructed a Tg(dlx2b:Dendra2-NTR) transgenic line that labeled tooth germ specifically. Taking advantage of the NTR/Mtz system, the dlx2b+ tooth germ cells were depleted by Mtz effectively. The process of tooth germ repair was evaluated by antibody staining, in situ hybridization, EdU staining and alizarin red staining. The severely injured tooth germ was repaired in several days after Mtz treatment was stopped. In the early stage of tooth germ repair, the expression of phosphorylated 4E-BP1 was increased, indicating that mTORC1 is activated. Inhibition of mTORC1 signaling in vitro or knockdown of mTORC1 signaling in vivo could inhibit the repair of injured tooth germ. Normally, mouse incisors were repaired after damage, but inhibition/promotion of mTORC1 signaling inhibited/promoted this repair progress. Overall, we are the first to construct a stable and repeatable repair model of severe tooth germ injury, and our results reveal that mTORC1 signaling plays a crucial role during tooth germ repair, providing a potential target for clinical treatment of tooth germ injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Tooth/metabolism , Tooth Germ/metabolism , Odontogenesis
5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1540-1544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953553

ABSTRACT

@#We reported a 54-year-old female patient with severe tricuspid regurgitation, who received mechanic valve in the mitral position 15 years ago. The patient’s Society of Thoracic Surgeons score was 8.27%, and was intolerant to open heart surgery, so she was recommended for transcatheter tricuspid valve replacement via right vena jugularis interna. The procedures were guided by echocardiography and X ray fluoroscopy on November 13, 2021, the prosthesis was implanted successfully, and the patient was recoved without any adverse events. After 1 month follow-up, her general condition was apparently improved.

6.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 673-678, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958460

ABSTRACT

Objective:To fundamentally solve the problems of valve dysfunction caused by limited size of artificial valve, high requirements for implantation technology, destruction of subvalvular structure and proliferation of fibrous endothelial tissue. We have developed a prosthetic valve with zero left ventricular occupancy. The valve frame is appropriately higher than the existing products, slightly chimney shaped, fully accommodates the movement of the valve leaves in the valve frame, and completely supraannular surgical implantation. This study uses this valve for preclinical animal test.Methods:Seven sheep underwent the replacement of the artificial valve under the direct vision of cardiopulmonary bypass. Warfarin was used for anticoagulation for 6 months 24 hours after operation. The blood biochemistry, anticoagulation and cardiac color Doppler ultrasound were detected after operation. The sheep were killed 180 days later for autopsy to observe whether the artificial valve caused thromboembolism. The efficacy and safety of valve were observed.Results:Two of the seven sheep died within 24 hours after operation, and five survived for a long time. Later, they were killed at 180 days. The mechanical properties of the artificial valve were good, and there was no thromboembolism around the artificial valve and important organs. The tissue layer of suture ring has been completely organized and endothelial cells, and the thickness of tissue layer is about 0.6-1.0 mm. The mitral valve of experimental animals can be opened and closed freely, with smooth surface and no abnormal echo. The follow-up of color Doppler ultrasound showed that the left ventricular ejection fraction was normal (0.60-0.70) before and 6 months after operation. The results of cross valve pressure difference and blood flow velocity of artificial valve were good (vmean was far lower than 5 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and pmean was lower than 1 m/s) , suggesting that the hemodynamic performance of artificial valve was good. Left ventricular retrograde angiography showed that the artificial valve was completely located in the left atrium with good position and normal opening and closing. There was no obvious perivalvular leakage and other abnormalities. Within 7 days of blood test, the indexes of surgical stress were more abnormal than those before operation. At 12 and 24 weeks, there were no obvious abnormalities in blood routine test, liver and kidney function and other blood test indexes of animals in each group.Conclusion:The new chimney shaped mechanical valve implanted completely above the mitral annulus has good wear resistance, histocompatibility, antithrombotic and hemodynamic performance.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 99-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873605

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the etiologies, operation techniques and outcomes of redo aortic root replacement after cardiac surgery. Methods    Between December 2013 and December 2019, 30 patients who had at least one previous cardiac operation received aortic root replacement in our hospital, including 20 males and 10 females with an average age of 50.4±12.7 years. The mean time interval between this operation and the previous one was 8.0±8.5 years. The principal indication for surgery was aortic sinus dilatation and ascending aortic aneurysm in 14 patients (47%), acute aortic dissection in 5 patients (17%), pseudoaneurysm in 3 patients (10%), prosthetic valve endocarditis in 4 patients (13%), prosthetic leakage in 4 patients (13%). Bentall procedure was used in all 30 patients, with concomitant mitral valve plasticity or replacement in 5 patients, tricuspid valve plasticity in 6 patients, coronary artery bypass grafting in 3 patients, and total aortic arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure in 2 patients. Results    The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 96-296 (161.3±43.0) min, and the mean aortic occlusion time was 48-117 (85.7±20.4) min. There were 5 in-hospital deaths with an overall in-hospital mortality of 17%. The causes of deaths were low cardiac output syndrome in 2 patients and septic shock in 3 patients. The follow-up time was 3-75 (33.5±21.1) months. Three patients died during the follow-up, 1 patient died of septic shock and 2 died of cerebral hemorrhage. Conclusion    Redo aortic root replacement is difficult to deal with, and the risk is high. Preoperative evaluation is required, appropriate surgical approach, adequate myocardial protection, and a complete surgical plan are essential to ensure the success of the operation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 7-12, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880232

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#With the popularization of chest computed tomography (CT) early screening for lung cancer, the detection rate of lung cancer combined with multiple primary malignancies (MPM) in other organs has been increasing. In this paper, the incidence, pathological characteristics, diagnosis and treatment characteristics and prognosis were discussed and analyzed to provide research basis for improving the clinical diagnosis and treatment of this disease.@*METHODS@#From September 2011 to September 2015, a total of 5,570 patients with lung cancer were treated in Jiangsu Cancer Hospital. The clinicopathological characteristics of 61 patients with lung cancer combined with MPM in other organs were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of lung cancer combined with MPM in other organs in this group was 1.1%, of which 15 cases were synchronous MPM (SMPM), 46 cases were metachronous MPM (MMPM). Colorectal cancer, breast cancer and thyroid cancer accounted for the top three of lung cancer combined with MPM in other organs. The overall 5-year survival rate was 39.3% and 71.4% of patients died from metastasis or recurrence of lung cancer. Multivariate analysis showed that the clinical stage of lung cancer patients, the order of occurrence of lung cancer and other tumors, the treatment status of patients with other organ tumors and the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation were important factors for the survival of the patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence rate of lung cancer combined with MPM in other organs is not uncommon. Lung cancer is the main cause of death compared with other organs tumors. Patients with advanced lung cancer, SMPM, lung cancer first, combined with tumor only receiving palliative treatment and without EGFR gene mutation had a poor prognosis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 208-211, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885814

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the results and methods of surgical treatment for type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta.Methods:9 patients underwent surgical treatment for type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta between January 2017 and December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 2 females, mean age of (41.6±9.2) years. Acute dissection were 2 cases, and chronic dissection were 7 cases. Preoerative computed tomography was used to diagnose the dissection and evaluate the true lumen of the descending aorta. This procedure was done in all patients via a median sternotomy under hypothermic CPB with SCP. 4-branched prosthetic graft was used to replace the ascending aorta and aortic arch. The procedures involving the descending aorta: Hybrid surgery using TEVAR. Distal intimal flap fenestration. Implanting the intraoperative stent-graft or prosthetic graft at false lumen for second-step operation.Results:There was no in-hospital mortality. Stroke, Spinal cord, visceral ischemia and lower limbs malfunction were not observed. Reintervention was not found in case with acute dissection during follow-up. One patient who reveived fenestration underwent TEVAR, others with chronic dissection underwent thoracoabdominal aortic replacement 3 months after surgery.Conclusion:Hybrid or staged procedures was a suitable alternative to patients with type A aortic dissection with small true lumen of the descending aorta.

10.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 675-679, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824870

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss and evaluate the safty and outcome of the second order chordal-cutting.Methods From Aug 2015 to Mar 2017,9 chronic IMR patients underwent chordal-cutting procedure,in addition to myocardial revascularization and undersized mitral annuloplasty.The indication was the presence of increased tethering of the anterior leaflet,with a bending angle (BA) < 145° and the coaptation depth (CD) less than 10 mm.Pre-and post-procedure clinical data including left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF),mitral regurgitation grade,New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and dimension of the left ventricle were compared.Results There was no perioperative death.No patient was lost to follow-up.MR grade decreased from 2.89 ± 0.60 preoperatively to 0.56 ± 0.70 postoperatively.The New York Heart Association class decreased from 2.78 ± 0.70 preoperatively to 1.33 ± 0.50 postoperatively.The BA increased from (136.22 ± 4.55) °preoperatively to (174.22 ± 3.15) °postoperatively.The coaptation depth decreased from (8.59 ± 0.46) mm preoperatively to (1.54 ± 0.68) mm postoperatively.LVEF increased from 0.49 ± 0.07 preoperatively to 0.57 ± 0.05 postoperatively.The diastolic and systolic diameters of left ventricle decreased from (62.78 ± 5.24)mm to (53.67 ± 2.99)mm and(44.11 ± 4.62) mm to(37.22 ± 3.27) mm,respectively.Conclusion In selected chronic IMR patients with a BA < 145 ° and coaptation depth less than 10 mm,second order chordal-cutting can be a good surgical option,and is related to less MR return or persistence,improved LVEF,and lower New York Heart Association class.

11.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 675-679, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801356

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss and evaluate the safty and outcome of the second order chordal-cutting.@*Methods@#From Aug 2015 to Mar 2017, 9 chronic IMR patients underwent chordal-cutting procedure, in addition to myocardial revascularization and undersized mitral annuloplasty. The indication was the presence of increased tethering of the anterior leaflet, with a bending angle (BA)<145° and the coaptation depth (CD) less than 10 mm. Pre- and post-procedure clinical data including left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), mitral regurgitation grade, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and dimension of the left ventricle were compared.@*Results@#There was no perioperative death. No patient was lost to follow-up. MR grade decreased from 2.89 ± 0.60 preoperatively to 0.56 ± 0.70 postoperatively. The New York Heart Association class decreased from 2.78 ± 0.70 preoperatively to 1.33 ± 0.50 postoperatively. The BA increased from (136.22 ± 4.55)°preoperatively to (174.22 ± 3.15)°postoperatively. The coaptation depth decreased from (8.59 ± 0.46) mm preoperatively to (1.54 ± 0.68) mm postoperatively. LVEF increased from 0.49±0.07 preoperatively to 0.57±0.05 postoperatively. The diastolic and systolic diameters of left ventricle decreased from (62.78 ± 5.24 )mm to (53.67 ± 2.99)mm and( 44.11 ± 4.62)mm to( 37.22 ± 3.27)mm, respectively.@*Conclusion@#In selected chronic IMR patients with a BA<145° and coaptation depth less than 10 mm, second order chordal-cutting can be a good surgical option, and is related to less MR return or persistence, improved LVEF, and lower New York Heart Association class.

12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 848-852, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800965

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the results of surgical treatment for endograft infection after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEAVR).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 7 patients underwent surgical treatment for endograft infection after TEAVR at Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, the Navy Medical University between January 2016 and December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 6 males and 1 female, aging (51.5±16.7) years (range: 25 to 68 years). The origin of the aortic disease was descending aortic aneurysm in 5 cases, and Stanford B aortic dissection in 2 cases. Abdominal aorta below the level of the diaphragm was not involved in all patients. Two patients received "chimney technology" for left subclavian artery procedures. Time to infection was 5(3) months (M(QR)) (range: 1 to 24 months). Aortic endograft infection was diagnosed with a combination of microbiology (positive blood cultures, except one with mycotic), radiological evidence and clinical evidence of sepsis. Two patients suffered from aorto-esophageal fistula received emergency surgery, others were treated with elective surgery. Extra-anatomic prosthetic graft bypass was used for reconstruction of aorta, infected endogarft and aorta was removed, sac drainage was performed. Aorto-esophageal fistula was procedured according to the degree of lesions. All patients received antibiotics with specialist advice for 6 to 8 weeks.@*Results@#One patient died due to septic shock. In the follow-time (range: 6 to 24 months), 1 patient suffered from thoracic infection in 3 months after surgery, an other patient got iliac abscess after a month.@*Conclusions@#Endograft infection after TEAVR is high risk but may be curative. Appropriate selection of patients for infected endograft explantation could get a satisfied results.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 701-705, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810156

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the magnitude of blood flow energy and characteristics of frequency domain between pulsatile flow and nonpulsatile flow during cardiopulmonary bypass and physiological flow.@*Methods@#From January 2017 to December 2017, 60 cases of patients with mitral valve disease scheduled for mitral valve replacement or repair at Department of Cardiasurgery, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University were randomly divided into 2 groups: pulsatile perfusion (PP) and non-pulsatile perfusion (NP). The magnitude of blood flow energy during pulsatile and non-pulsatile was calculated using energy equivalent pressure (EEP) and surplus hemodynamic energy (SHE) while fast Fourier transformation (FFT) was used to perform power spectral density analysis to identify the frequency domain characteristics between artificial and physiological flow (prior to CPB). The data was analyzed by analysis of variance or t test.@*Results@#At the different time-points after occlusion, the EEP and SHE in PP group were respectively 1.52 to 1.62 and 2.03 to 2.22 times higher than NP at the distal of artery filter. The power density analysis revealed that the blood flow energy of physiological pulsatile flow patterns was within 40 Hz and the ratio of low frequency energy was more than 90% before clamp. The spectral energy ratio of low frequency decreased in both group compared with physiological flow was more obvious in NP group at the radial artery. The ratio of estimated value of power density of PP and NP groups analysis showed the corresponding 0 to 5 Hz, 0 to 10 Hz, 0 to 40 Hz frequency range values measured at the radial artery and filter were 9.51, 4.68, 3.59 and 3.87, 2.69, 2.38 respectively after occulusion. In each frequency range, the energy of PP is higher than that of NP, and the lower the frequency, the greater the difference. The ratio of estimated value of power density of PP and NP groups for the three frequencies measured at the radial artery before and after occlusion were 2.86, 2.83, 2.75 and 14.70, 12.74, 9.85 respectively, and decreased significantly in NP group and low frequency energy. The ratio of estimated value of power density of PP and NP groups under the three different frequencies measured at the radial artery and filter were 26.35, 33.15, 37.36 and 37.41, 54.18, 56.64 respectively, in the conduction process from filter to radial artery, energy exhaustion is significant, especially in group NP.@*Conclusions@#The PP provides significantly more energy than the NP whereby the PP is closer to the physiological pulsatile on the energy frequency structure and attenuation characteristics, with mainly low frequency energy of 0 to 5 Hz and weak energy attenuation. The energy loss of non-pulsatile flow is obvious, especially the low frequency energy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 747-751, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665824

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate medium-term valvular functionality after transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement in sheep using a novel polymeric prosthetic pulmonary valve(PPHV). Methods In this study, we designed a novel polymeric trileaflet transcatheter pulmonary valve with a balloon-expandable stent, and the valve leaflet was made of 0. 1mm expanded polytetrafluoroethylene( ePTFE) . We chose bovine pericardium valve as control. Pulmonary valve stents were implanted in situ by right ventricular apical approach in 12 healthy sheep(10 for polymeric valve and 2 for bovine pericardium valve) weighing anaverageof(22.1±2.3)kg. Echocardiography,angiography,64-rowcomputedtomography(CT),andautopsywereusedto assess valvular function 12 weeks after implantation. Results Two PPHVs failed to be implanted in situ of pulmonary valve po-sition. Implantation was successful in the other 10 sheep. One sheep died of pneumonia, and the other 9 sheep survived at the end of follow-up. Echocardiography 12 weeks after implantation showed all the PPHVs exhibited good functionality and no sig-nificant insufficiency. The peak-peak transvalvular pressure gradient of the PPHVs was(28.2 ±8.0)mmHg(16-38 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0. 133 kPa), while that of two bovine pericardium valves were 16 and 21 mmHg. Angiography and CT 12 weeks after implantation demonstrated orthotopic position and normal operation of the valves,and no deformation of the valved stents. Pathological examination of the explanted PPHVs 12 weeks after implantation showed no degradation or damage of the ePTFE leaflets and most of the leaflets were thin and pliable, without significant thrombus or calcification, while visible pannus over-growth was found at the bottom of the valve leaflets, in the commissural areas and on the sealing cuff. Conclusion The medi-um-term effects of the novel ePTFE pulmonary valve after transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation in sheep is good. The no-vel PPHV exhibits good anti-adhesion, anti-degradation, anti-thrombus, anti-calcification performance and good biomechanical property. The hemodynamic parameter of PPHV is comparable to bovine pericardium valve. Optimizing the valve design might eliminate the problem about pannus overgrowth.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 599-603, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505272

ABSTRACT

Objective To validate the value of Simplified Renal Index Score(SRI) in predicting acute renal injury requiring renal replacement therapy(RRT-AKI) after cardiac valve surgery in Chinese adult patients.Methods An analysis was conducted for all the adult patients who underwent cardiac valve surgery from January 2010 to December 2014 in Changhai Hospital,Shanghai.A total of 3 183 adult patients were included.Based on SRI Score,the patients were divided into 3 risk stages:0 to 1 point,2 to 3 point,and 4 to 8 point.The incidence of RRT-AKI was compared between different stages.And the prediction value of the SRI model was assessed by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AU-ROC) and the model calibration was assessed with the Hosmer-Lemeshow (H-L) test.Results After surgery 52 (1.6%) patients developed acute kidney impairment and subsequently underwent renal replacement therapy.Patients with low values of simplified renal index (0-1),medium(2-3) and high values (4 and more) were found to have increasingly higher risk for renal replacement therapy of 0.8% (95% CI:0.005-0.012) 、3.8% (95% CI:0.026-0.052) 、20% (95% CI:0.010-0.720),respectively.TheAU-ROCwas0.68(95% CI:0.610-0.760,P<0.01).The H-L test was x2 =2.45,P=0.29.Conclusion SRI model gives a certain clinical significance,suggesting that high-values patients may occur RRT-AKI with a significantly higher risk than low-values patients.However,SRI model cannot give an accurate prediction value for RRT-AKI in Chinese adult patients after cardiac valve surgery.Direct clinical use of the model should be considered cautiously.

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 474-477, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502089

ABSTRACT

Objective To validate the value of Cleveland Clinical Score in predicting acute renal injury requiring renal replacement therapy(RRT-AKI) after cardiac valve surgery in Chinese adult patients.Methods An analysis was conducted for all the adult patients who underwent cardiac valve surgery from January 2010 to December 2014 in Changhai Hospital,Shanghai.A total of 3 230 adult patients were included.Based on Cleveland Clinical Score,the patients were divided into 3 risk stages:0 to 2 point,3 to 5 point,and 6 to 8 point.The incidence of RRT-AKI were compared between different stages.And the predictive value of the Cleveland Clinical Score model was assessed by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve(AUC-ROC) and the model calibration was assessed using the Hosmer-Lemeshow test.The patients were also divided into two groups:Non-RRT group and RRT-AKI group.The mortality were compared between these two groups.Results The incidence of RRT-AKI was 1.67% vs the predicted ratio of RRT-AKI 1.70% (x2 =0.018,P =0.892).Among the stage 1,2,and 3,the actual incidence of RRT-AKI,was 1.23%,2.66%,and 16.7% vs the predicted incidence 0.40%,1.80%,and 9.50%,respectively.The AUC-ROC for Cleveland Clinical Score predicting RRT-AKI was 0.64 [95 % CI(0.57,0.71),P <0.01].Compared with Non-RRT group,the RRT-AKI group got a higher mortality(87.00% vs 1.50%,x2 =1 330,P <0.01).Conclusion The Cleveland Clinical score had no real predictive value for RRT-AKI in Chinese adult patients after cardiac valve surgery.The incidence of RRT-AKI of the whole population and the stage 3 patients could be predicted by the model.And the patients with a high Cleveland score got a higher mortality than that of patients with a low Cleveland score.

17.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 104-108, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression patterns of osterix in the early stage of cranio-maxillofacial developmental in zebrafish and to prepare for a further research of osterix gene in bone and tooth development.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The osterix templates were amplified by PCR to generate DIG labeled antisense and sense probes. Whole mount in situ hybridization was used to analyze the expression patterns of osterix in the early stage cranio-maxillofacial development of zebrafish. The expression patterns of osterix gene in mineralization progresses of cranial and maxillofacial bones were compared. The osterix gene expression in tooth development and mineralization was highlighted by alizarin red staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Specific DIG labeled probes of osterixwere synthesized successfully. The whole mount in situ hybridization showed that the osterix expression was in the intramembranous ossification at 3 days post fertilization(dpf) and 4 dpf. The specific osterix expression in tooth at 5 dpf and 6 dpf were also observed. The sense probe served as a negative control. Osterix expressed in the unmineralized early bone matrix, the tooth matrix of the primary tooth(3V(1), 5V(1)) and the first replacement tooth(4V(2)).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our findings showed that osterix might play roles in the process of the early mineralized bone matrix changing into the late mature mineralized bone matrix and the process of development and mineralization of tooth crown matrix.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcification, Physiologic , Genetics , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , In Situ Hybridization , Maxillofacial Development , Genetics , Osteogenesis , Genetics , Sp7 Transcription Factor , Tooth , Metabolism , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Zebrafish , Zebrafish Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
18.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 115-120, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317719

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism of retinoic acid (RA) signal in dental evolution, RA is used to explore the influence of the mechanism on neural crest's migration during the early stage of zebra fish embryos.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We divided embryos of wild type and transgenic line zebra fish into three groups. 1 x 10(-7) to 6 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1) RA and 1 x 10(-7) mo x L(-1) 4-diethylaminobenzaldehyde (DEAB) were added into egg water at 24 hpf for 9 h. Dimethyl sulfoxid (DMSO) with the concentration was used as control group. Then, antisense probes of dlx2a, dlx2b, and barxl were formulated to perform whole-mount in situ hybridization to check the expressions of the genes in 48 hpf to 72 hpf embryos. We observed fluorescence of transgenic line in 4 dpf embryos.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We obtained three mRNA probes successfully. Compared with DMSO control group, a low concentration (1 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1)) of RA could up-regulate the expression of mRNA (barx1, dlx2a) in neural crest. Obvious migration trend was observed toward the pharyngeal arch in which teeth adhered. Transgenic fish had spreading fluorescence tendency in pharyngeal arch. However, a high concentration (4 x 10(-7) mol x L(-1)) of RA malformed the embryos and killed them after treatment. One third of the embryos of middle concentration (3 x 10(-7) mo x L(-1)) exhibited delayed development. DEAB resulted in neural crest dysplasia. The expression of barxl and dlx2a were suppressed, and the appearance of dlx2b in tooth was delayed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RA signal pathway can regulate the progenitors of tooth by controlling the growth of the neural crest and manipulating tooth development</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Branchial Region , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Nonmammalian , Embryology , Metabolism , In Situ Hybridization , Neural Crest , Odontogenesis , Signal Transduction , Tooth , Embryology , Metabolism , Tretinoin , Pharmacology , Zebrafish , Embryology , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 298-299, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494268
20.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 674-678, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489016

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a surgical risk prediction model for in-hospital mortality of adult rheumatic heart disease.Methods The study sample comprised of 3 889 patients with adult (is, or older than 18 years) rheumatic heart valve surgery only.All patients were divided into three subgroups according to the surgery site of left atrioventricular valve: mitral valve surgery group;aortic valve surgery group;and mitral and aortic valve surgery group.The data was splited into development(60%) and validation(40%) data sets, and then the risk model was developed by using a logistic regression model according to the data in development data set.Model calibration was analyzed by Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit statistic, and model discrimination was tested by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve.Risk score was finally set up according to the coefficient β and rank of variables in logistic regression model.Results The general in-hospital mortality of the whole group is 4.2% (165/3 889).We established a risk prediction model and found seven risk factors: heart function in NYHA functional class ≥ Ⅱ grade (OR =3.36, 95% CI: 2.42-4.67) , preoperative creatinine > 110 mmoL/L (OR =2.69, 95% CI: 1.51-4.79) , history of previous chest pain(OR =2.33, 95% CI: 1.07-5.11) , surgical status(OR =2.32, 95 % CI: 0.94-5.73) , previous history of hypertension (OR =2.24, 95 % CI: 1.19-4.23), preoperative critical state (OR =2.14, 95% CI: 1.27-3.60) and age > 50 years (OR =1.57, 95 % CI: 1.18-2.09).Our risk model showed good calibration and discriminative power for the development data set, validation data set, and three subgroup in which Hosmer-Leme-show test' s P value were greater than 0.05 and the area under the ROC curve were greater than 0.70.Scoring methods: age 51-60years: 1 point, age 61-70 yeas: 2 points, age >70 years: 3 points;history of hypertension: 1 point;creatinine > 110 umol/L: 4 points;NYHA class stage Ⅱ : 2 points, NYHA class stage Ⅲ: 4 points;NYHA class stage Ⅳ: 6 points;history of previous chest pain: 1point;preoperative critical condition: 2 points;urgent surgery: 2 points: emergency surgery: 4 points.Conclusion We have created a new risk prediction model and risk score, which can accurately predicts outcomes in patients undergoing heart valve surgery for our center.Furthermore, our risk model can also enable benchmarking and comparisons between multicenter in a meaningful way in the future.

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