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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 295-299, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862430

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To compare the accuracy of Toric intraocular lens(IOL)alignment and visual outcome using the femtosecond laser-assisted capsulotomy markings(FLACM)versus a conventional slitlamp-assisted manual marking(SAMM)procedure. <p>METHODS: Totally 50 patients required cataract surgery and Toric IOL implantation were assigned to the FLACM group(25 eyes)or the SAMM group(25 eyes). The uncorrected distant visual acuity(UCDVA), best corrected distant visual acuity(BCDVA), residual astigmatism(RA), IOL rotation, MTF Total were measured 1mo after surgery. <p>RESULTS: The UCDVA(LogMAR)was significantly lower in the FLACM group than in the SAMM group 1mo postoperatively(0.15±0.09 <i>vs</i> 0.22±0.11, <i>P</i><0.05). The RA and IOL rotation were significantly lower in the FLACM group than in the SAMM group(0.30±0.18D <i>vs</i> 0.64±0.28D, <i>P</i><0.05; 3.64°±1.68° <i>vs</i> 5.40°±3.44°, <i>P</i><0.05). There was no statistical difference between the two groups in the BCDVA and MTF total value(<i>P</i>>0.05). The UCDVA(LogMAR)was positive correlative to the RA(<i>r</i>=0.350, <i>P</i><0.05)and IOL rotation(<i>r</i>=0.369,<i> P</i><0.05), and was negative correlative to the MTF total value(<i>r</i>= -0.290, <i>P</i><0.05); the RA was positive correlative to the IOL rotation(<i>r</i>=0.431, <i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: The accuracy of the axis alignment was significantly higher in the FLACM group, which results in lower residual astigmatism and better visual outcome.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 881-884, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911142

ABSTRACT

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a slowly progressing benign disease. Some patients still have to receive operation. If surgical treatement time is not proper, it may increase the risk of operation and reduce therapeutic effect. However, there is still lack an effective method to evaluate the optimal timing of BPH surgery. The large-scale, multi-center, high-quality clinical trials are needed to clarify the reasonable solutions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910630

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model of gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) and to screen mutated genes associated with GBC with the aim to provide an effective preclinical model with novel therapeutic targets for individualized patient treatment.Methods:The PDX model of GBC was established by transplantation of fresh GBC tissues from 10 patients into subcutaneous tissues of nude mice. In two of these mice, the PDX tumor tissues were stained with HE, Ki67 immunohistochemical staining and whole exome sequencing (WES). The biological characteristics of the PDX tumor tissues were compared with those of the primary donor tumors in histological structure and molecular pathology, and a high-throughput screening of tumor mutation genes was then carried out.Results:In this study, the success rate of the PDX model of GBC was 70% (7/10). The pathological and growth characteristics of PDX tumor tissues and donor tumors were basically similar. In the 2 modeled cases sequenced by WES, the same rates between the harmful mutant genes in the PDX model and primary donor tumor were 71.4% (15/21) and 65.2% (15/23), and the same genes accounted for 93.8% (15/16) and 71.4% (15/21) in the harmful mutant gene of the PDX model. The 22 mutated genes, including TP53, ABCC4 and AMPD1, were involved both in the two donor tumors, and the model tumor tissues. Ten genes including TP53 and ABCC4 were screened out and they might be closely related to development of GBC by bioinformatics analysis.Conclusions:The PDX model of GBC could effectively be used in patients with GBC in this preclinical study on individualized patient treatment. In addition, 10 mutated genes, including TP53 and ABCC4 and the like, may be used as new potential therapeutic targets for GBC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909000

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a teaching model of pathology of oral mucosal disease through team-based learning (TBL) based on digital slices combined with mind mapping, and to explore its teaching effect.Methods:A total of 64 oral medical five-year undergraduates from Batch 2017 who took oral histology and pathology were randomized into 2 groups in average, experimental group and control group. Both groups were asked to do self-study on line before class. Students in the experimental group were taught by TBL method. While students in the control group were taught by the traditional methods. Effects of the different teaching methods were evaluated by comparing the scores of two groups. Besides, questionnaires on teaching effect were distributed to evaluate students' satisfaction with TBL method, with Likert 5 as the guideline for scoring. SPSS 2016 was used to analyze the data.Results:The experimental group achieved better teaching results than the control group did, and the students were more satisfied with TBL method.Conclusion:It can be concluded from the study that, the teaching mode of TBL method combined with mind mapping can cause better teaching effects and improve the students' clinical thinking ability and teamwork ability, which is worthy of wide application.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888128

ABSTRACT

The tumor prescriptions contained in Dictionary of Tumor Formulas, Compendium of Good Tumor Formulas, Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Ministry of Health Drug Standards for Chinese Medicine Formulas and National Compilation of Standards for Proprietary Chinese Medicines were selected and organized to construct a database for tumor prescriptions, and the data mining techniques were applied to investigate the prescription regularity of colorectal cancer prescriptions. The formula data were extracted after screening in strict accordance with the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and were then analyzed with Microsoft Excel 2010 for frequency statistics, Apriori block provided by SPSS Clementine 12.0 software for correlation rule analysis, and arules and arulesViz packages in R 4.0.2 software for correlation rule visualization. In addition, SPSS 18.0 software was used for cluster analysis and factor analysis, in which cluster analysis was performed by Ochiai algorithm with bicategorical variables in systematic clustering method and factor analysis was performed mainly with principal component analysis. A total of 285 prescriptions were included in the statistical analysis, and the frequency statistics showed that 43 herbs had been used more than 16 times. The association rules analysis showed that 26 high-frequency me-dicine pair rules were obtained, and the association rules for those dispelling evil spirits, strengthening the body, resolving stasis, dispelling dampness, etc. were visualized. In the cluster analysis, we generated a dendrogram from which 7 groups of traditional Chinese medicines with homogeneity were extracted. 10 common factors were obtained in the factor analysis. The types of herbal medicines involved in the colorectal cancer prescription included anti-cancer antidotes, strengthening and tonifying medicines, blood-regulating medicines, and expectorant medicines, corresponding to the treatment for eliminating evil spirits, strengthening, resolving stasis, and expectorating dampness. The prescriptions for anti-cancer detoxification were normally based on the pairs composed of Scutellaria barbata-Hedyotis diffusa and Sophora flavescens, Sargentodoxa cuneata, S. barbata, often combined with stasis relieving drug and dampness eliminating drug, reflecting the characteristics of treatment for both toxicity and stasis, dampness and toxicity simultaneously. The prescriptions for strengthening the righteousness and tonifying the deficiency were composed of Astragalus membranaceus and Atractylodes macrocephala mainly, exerting the effect of benefiting Qi, strengthening the spleen and drying dampness, tonifying kidney and essence, tonifying blood and invigorating blood. Meanwhile, anti-cancer detoxification medicines shall be reduced as much as possible. The compatibility of the medicines for the intestinal tract reflected the principle of using the right medicine for the right condition and eliminating evil spirits or strengthening the body, as appropriate.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Data Mining , Drug Prescriptions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886764

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of Plasmodium falciparum multidrug resistance protein 1 (PfMDR1), chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) and Kelch 13 (PfK13) genes in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, so as to provide insights into the development of the malaria control strategy in local areas. Methods A total of 85 peripheral blood samples were collected from patients with Plasmodium falciparum infections in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea in 2018 and 2019, and genomic DNA was extracted. The PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes were amplified using a nested PCR assay. The amplification products were sequenced, and the gene sequences were aligned. Results There were no mutations associated with artemisinin resistance in PfK13 gene in Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea, while drug-resistant mutations were detected in PfMDR1 and PfCRT genes, and the proportions of PfMDR1_N86Y, PfMDR1_Y184F and PfCRT_K76T mutations were 35.29% (30/85), 72.94% (62/85) and 24.71% (21/85), respectively. Conclusion There are mutations in PfMDR1, PfCRT and PfK13 genes in P. falciparum isolates from Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the perioperative complications of carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty or primary closure.Methods:The clinical data of 492 carotid endarterectomy patients at the Vascular Surgery Department of Anzhen Hospital from Mar 2003 to Dec 2016 was analyzed retrospectively.Results:There were 364 cases (74%) in the patch angioplasty group and 128 cases (26%) in the primary closure group. The incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was significantly lower in the patch angioplasty group than that in the primary closure group (0.8% vs. 3.9%, P=0.031), and there was no difference in the incidence of the remaining perioperative complications. By subgroup analysis, the incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was significantly lower in the patch angioplasty group than in the primary closure group when the diameter of the internal carotid artery was <5 mm (0.7% vs. 6.0%, P=0.001), whereas there was no difference between the two groups when the diameter of the internal carotid artery was ≥5 mm. Conclusions:Carotid endarterectomy with patch angioplasty can reduce the incidence of perioperative cerebral infarction, especially in cases with an internal carotid artery diameter <5 mm.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between non-contact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and functional ankle instability (FAI) in young patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 102 patients with non-contact ACL injury[61 males and 41 females, with an age of (31.9±6.1) years and a Tegner activity score of (6.1±1.9) points] who had been treated at Department of Orthopedics, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital from January 2017 to March 2020 (injury group). Another 102 citizens without ACL injury from Guangzhou [56 males and 46 females, with an age of (30.3±7.2) years and a Tegner activity score of (6.0±2.1) points] were recruited as a control group. The Cumberland ankle instability tool (CAIT) and the Ankle Joint Functional Assessment Tool (AJFAT) were used to assess whether the subjects had self-conscious FAI or not. A correlation analysis was conducted using the data collected.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in general data ( P>0.05). By the CAIT score, the incidence of FAI in the injury group [52.9% (54/102)] was significantly higher than that in the control group [32.4% (33/102)] ( P<0.05); by the AJFAT score, the incidence of FAI in the injury group [59.8% (61/102) ] was significantly higher than that in the control group [39.2% (40/102)] ( P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that diagnoses of FAI by CAIT and by AJFAT were respectively correlated with ACL injury ( r=-0.159, P=0.023; r=-0.215, P=0.002). Conclusions:The incidence of FAI may be high in patients with ACL injury and there is a correlation between FAI and ACL injury.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1708-1720, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888831

ABSTRACT

Stroke is considered a leading cause of mortality and neurological disability, which puts a huge burden on individuals and the community. To date, effective therapy for stroke has been limited by its complex pathological mechanisms. Autophagy refers to an intracellular degrading process with the involvement of lysosomes. Autophagy plays a critical role in maintaining the homeostasis and survival of cells by eliminating damaged or non-essential cellular constituents. Increasing evidence support that autophagy protects neuronal cells from ischemic injury. However, under certain circumstances, autophagy activation induces cell death and aggravates ischemic brain injury. Diverse naturally derived compounds have been found to modulate autophagy and exert neuroprotection against stroke. In the present work, we have reviewed recent advances in naturally derived compounds that regulate autophagy and discussed their potential application in stroke treatment.

10.
J Biosci ; 2020 Aug; : 1-14
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214249

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) cancer susceptibility candidate 2 (CASC2) has been characterized as atumor suppressor in glioma. Although CASC2 may predict the prognosis of glioma patients, the role andmechanism of CASC2 in human glioblastoma remain to be fully illuminated. Expression of CASC2 and miR18a was detected using RT-qPCR. Cell growth was evaluated by MTT assay, colony formation assay, and flowcytometry; metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were determined with transwell assay andWestern blot, respectively. The target binding between CASC2 and miR-18a was predicted on Starbasesoftware, and confirmed by luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation. Xenograft experimentmeasured tumor growth. As a result, CASC2 was downregulated and miR-18a was upregulated in glioblastomatumor tissues and cells (T98 and A172). Overexpression of CASC2 promoted apoptosis rate and E-cadherinexpression, but suppressed cell viability, colony-forming ability, migration, invasion, and expression ofN-cadherin and Vimentin in T98 and A172 cells, accompanied with tumor growth inhibition in vivo; whereas,silencing of CASC2 exerted the opposite effect on cell growth, metastasis and EMT of T98 and A172 cellsin vitro. However, reintroduction of miR-18a could reverse CASC2 upregulation-mediated suppression onabove cell behaviors in vitro. More importantly, miR-18a was a downstream target for CASC2, and wasnegatively regulated by CASC2. Collectively, this study demonstrated that CASC2 served as tumor suppressorin glioblastoma by inhibiting cell growth, metastasis and EMT both in vitro and in vivo partially via CASC2-miR-18a axis.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the spectrum-effect relationship of effect of material components in Shaoyao Gancaotang on the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) in brain tissue of epileptic mice, and to reveal the material basis of the antiepileptic effect of Shaoyao Gancaotang. Method:HPLC was used to establish the fingerprint of 15 batches of Shaoyao Gancaotang, the mobile phase was consisted of acetonitrile (A)-0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-15 min, 19%A; 15-45 min, 19%A-50%A; 45-46 min, 50%A-90%A; 46-48 min, 90%A), the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, and the detection wavelength was 237 nm. The mouse epilepsy model was induced by penicillin, the protective effect of 15 batches of Shaoyao Gancaotang on MDA, SOD and ATPase levels in brain tissue of epileptic mice was investigated. Grey correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between the peak areas of characteristic peaks in the fingerprint of 15 batches of Shaoyao Gancaotang and three pharmacodynamic indexes (the activities of MDA, SOD and ATPase), and the mathematical model of spectrum-effect relationship between different material components and pharmacodynamic indexes was established. Result:Shaoyao Gancaotang could increase the contents of ATPase and SOD and reduce the content of MDA in the brain tissue of epileptic mice, and most of the differences were significant (P<0.05, P<0.01). There were 28 common peaks in the fingerprint of 15 batches of Shaoyao Gancaotang, and 15 of them were characteristic peaks. Grey correlation analysis found that the characteristic peaks contributed to the activities of MDA, SOD and ATPase included peak 2 (albiflorin), peak 3 (paeoniflorin), peak 5 (liquiritin), and so on, the specific ranking was peak 3>peak 6>peak 12>peak 8>peak 2>peak 5>peak 9>peak 4>peak 10>peak 7>peak 13>peak 11>peak 15>peak 1>peak 14. Conclusion:Shaoyao Gancaotang can affect the activities of SOD, MDA and ATPase in brain tissue of epileptic mice by multi-component synergy. Simultaneously, introducing the grey correlation analysis into the correlation evaluation of the spectrum-effect relationship between components and efficacy of Chinese herbal compounds, it can objectively reflect the essence of the synergistic action of multiple components in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and it is an effective analysis method for screening and predicting the pharmacodynamic components of TCM.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873001

ABSTRACT

With the improvement of living standard and enhancement of health consciousness, Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, as a common medicinal material that can be widely used in health food, is focused an increasing number of scholars′ attention at home and abroad. Based on Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma health food published by the food website of National Medical Products Administration (NMPA), this paper combs and analyzes their dosage forms, functional components, health-care functions and prescriptions of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Meanwhile, the Apriori algorithm module in SPSS Modeler 15.0 is used to explore the formulation rules of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma health food. The results showed that capsules was the most common (about 55.34%), and the infusions and beverages were rare. In the aspect of health-care function, it is mainly used to auxiliary hypolipidemic, auxiliary protective function to chemical liver injury, enhance immunity and dispel chloasma. Among 92 cases of the health food with auxiliary hypolipidemic, the common combination of TCM was Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Gynostemmatis Pentaphylli Herba-Puerariae Lobatae Radix. Among 55 cases of the health food with auxiliary protective function to chemical liver injury, the common combination of TCM was Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Puerariae Lobatae Radix-Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus. Among 54 cases of the health food with immune-enhancing, the common combination of TCM was Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Astragali Radix-Lycii Fructus. Among 46 cases of the health food with dispelling chloasma, the common combination of TCM was Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Angelicae Sinensis Radix-grape seeds. The selection of prescription compatibility of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma health food with different health-care functions is basically consistent with the TCM treatment with syndrome differentiation theory and modern medical theory. This article interprets the application of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma health food from the perspective of dosage forms, functional components, health-care functions and compatibility of prescriptions, which can provide a basis and reference for precise and efficient research and development of this kind of health food.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867814

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the outcomes of bone marrow stimulation techniques-drilling by a Kirschner needle versus microfracturing technique in the treatment of small osteochondral lesions of the talus.Methods From February 2014 to June 2017,57 patients were treated at Department of Orthopaedics,Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital for small osteochondral lesions of the talus.Of them,26 were treated by arthroscopic drilling with a Kirschner needle.They were 15 males and 11 females,aged from 20 to 57 years.The areas of osteochondral lesion ranged from 0.6 to 1.4 cm2.By the Berndt & Harty classification of ankle osteochondral lesions based on X-ray films,there were 9 cases of stage Ⅰ,8 cases of stage Ⅱ,6 cases of stage Ⅲ and 3 cases of stage Ⅳ.The other 31 patients of them were treated by arthroscopic microfracturing technique.They were 17 males and 14 females,aged from 24 to 55 years.The areas of osteochondral lesion ranged from 0.5 to 1.5 cm2.By the Berndt & Harty classification of ankle osteochondral lesions based on X-ray films,there were 10 cases of stage Ⅰ,11 cases of stage Ⅱ,8 cases of stage Ⅲ and 2 cases of stage Ⅳ.The 2 groups were compared in terms of visual analogue scale (VAS),the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score,the ankle activity score (AAS) and the Berndt & Harty staging of osteochondral lesions based on ankle X-ray films at the final follow-up.Results All the 57 patients were followed up for 13 to 27 mouths.The VAS,AOFAS and AAS scores and Berndt & Harty stages at the final follow-up were significantly improved in all the patients compared with their preoperative values (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the VAS (2.2 ± 1.6 versus 2.1 ± 1.4),AOFAS (89.1 ±6.3versus 90.4±5.8) or AAS scores (6 versus 6) at the final follow-up (P > 0.05).There was no significant difference between the 2 groups either in the excellent and good rate by the AOFAS ankle-hindfoot scoring [88.5% (23/26) versus90.3% (28/31)] at the final follow-up (x2 =0.052,P=0.820).Conclusion In the treatment of small osteochondral lesions of the talus,both arthroscopic drilling with a Kirschner needle and microfracturing technique can achieve satisfactory short-term curative effects,but the long-term effects need to be further studied.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846067

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematic evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yaotongning Capsule in the treatment of lumbago and leg pain. Methods: The databases of CNKI, VIP, Wanfang and Chinese science citation were searched by computer, and the randomized controlled trials of Yaotongning Capsule in the treatment of lumbago and leg pain were collected. Two researchers independently selected literatures, entered data, and evaluated the quality of literature methodology. Review Manager 5.3 software was used for Meta analysis. Results: This study included 11 RCTs, 1 200 patients, 599 cases in Yaotongning group and 601 cases in control group. Meta analysis showed that the effective rate of Yaotongning Capsule in the treatment of lumbocrural pain was better than that of the control group (OR = 4.13, 95% CI [2.90, 5.88]), P < 0.000 01; The improvement of VAS pain score of Yaotongning Capsule was better than that of the control group (SMD = -1.22, 95% CI [-1.71, -0.73]), P < 0.000 01, (SMD = -2.09, 95% CI [-2.14, -2.04]). The improvement of JOA function score was better than that of the control group (SMD = 6.78, 95% CI [5.21, 8.26]), P<0.000 01, the difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: Yaotongning Capsule can effectively improve the lumbar activity function and clinical symptoms of patients with lumbocrural pain, and the degree of pain relief is positively correlated with the course of treatment and dose. However, the included sample size and observation indicators may lead to bias. It is expected that more researchers can conduct multi center, large sample, scientific and complete research to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yaotongning Capsule in the treatment of lumbocrural pain.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2428-2434, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829385

ABSTRACT

Tumor immune therapy has been remarkably successful in recent years and several kinds of PD-1/PD-L1 (programmed death-1/programmed death-ligand 1) antibody drugs have been approved by the FDA for treatment of advanced malignant neoplasms. However, as biomacromolecules these antibody drugs have certain drawbacks such as high cost, injection-only administration and immunogenicity; thus, we turned to small molecules that have lower immune risks and better modifiability. Considering the structural diversity of natural products, we chose to investigate the active components in Panax ginseng, a famous and highly valued traditional Chinese medicine. Nine compounds were separated and identified in this research using a HPLC-coupled MS system, and 3 PD-1 binding compounds were identified using the SPR method. The PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitory ability of ginsenoside Rg1, as a representative ginsenoside, was verified by cytopharmacological methods. This research provides a new method for the identification of immune blockade inhibitors in natural products.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827223

ABSTRACT

Sangguayin preparation (SGY-P) is refined from the traditional Chinese medicinal compound Sangguayin, which "clears heat and promotes fluid" and "tonifies kidney and spleen" for "Xiaoke", commonly known as 'Diabetes mellitus' in clinics. Previous studies have shown that SGY-P could reduce insulin resistance and repair damaged pancreas in db/db mice, but the underlying mechanisms were unclear. Here, we investigated whether treatment with SGY-P could protect pancreatic β-cells from apoptosis and uncovered the underlying mechanisms. db/db mice were used to observe the hypoglycemic and islet protective effect in vivo. Apoptosis was induced in mouse insulinoma 6 (MIN6) cells by palmitate, following which the cells were treated with SGY-P for elucidating the anti-apoptotic mechanism in vitro. Cell viability and nuclear morphology were detected by CCK-8 assay and Hoechst 33258 staining. The expression levels of apoptosis-, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-, and autophagy-related proteins were measured by western blot. The results showed that SGY-P reduced fasting blood glucose, pancreatic pathological changes, and islet β-cell apoptosis in db/db mice. Palmitate-induced apoptosis in MIN6 cells was decreased by SGY-P treatment. Hence, SGY-P therapy exhibited a protective effect on pancreatic β-cells by decreasing the expression of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved PARP and Bax, and increasing Bcl-2 by suppressing ER stress (Bip/XBP1/IRE1α/CHOP/Caspase-12) and autophagy (LC3/p62/Atg5) pathways.2/Atg5) pathways.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818499

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spatial distribution of Oncomelania hupensis snail habitats at the administrative village scale in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of Hubei Province, so as to provide scientific bases for precise control of O. hupensis snails in the province. Methods Data regarding snail distribution at the village level in Hubei Province in 2017 were collected to create a spatial analysis database of snail distribution in Hubei Province. The spatial aggregations of O. hupensis distribution were analyzed using Moran’s I index and Local Moran’s I index. In addition, the distances from schistosomiasis-endemic villages to the Yangtze River were captured using the software ArcGIS 13.0, and their correlations with area of snail habitats were examined with the Spearman correlation method. Results O. hupensis snails were mainly distributed in 5 450 endemic villages from 63 counties of 13 cities in Hubei Province in 2017. The global spatial autocorrelation analysis showed spatial aggregations in the areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats, areas of snail habitats outside the embankment and snail habitats inside the embankment (all Z Scores > 0, all P values < 0.05), and no spatial aggregation was seen in the areas of snail habitats in hilly areas (Z Score > 0, P > 0.05). There were four types of spatial distribution of historically accumulated areas of snail habitats, areas of current snail habitats, areas of snail habitats outside the embankment and snail habitats inside the embankment, including the high-high type (H-H type), high-low type (H-L type), low-high type (L-H type) and random distribution type, and a high percentage of the H-H type was found. There were 340, 125 and 110 endemic villages with the H-H type of areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats and areas of snail habitats outside the embankment, and these villages were mainly concentrated in Wuhan and Jingzhou cities, with almost consistent spatial aggregation locations. There were 319 endemic villages with the H-H type of distribution of snail habitats inside the embankment, which were mainly distributed in Jingzhou, Xiaogan and Huangshi cities. In addition, the areas of historically accumulated snail habitats, current areas of snail habitats and areas of snail habitats outside the embankment negatively correlated with the distance from the endemic villages to the Yangtze River (r = −0.094, P < 0.01; r = −0.225, P < 0.01; r = −0.177, P < 0.01). Conclusion The clustering areas of snail habitats along the Yangtze River Basin, notably the villages near the Yangtze River are key regions for snail monitoring and control in Hubei Province.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775218

ABSTRACT

The habenula is a small and bilateral nucleus above dorsal thalamus, which contains several different types of neurons. The habenula has extensive connections with the forebrain, septum and monoaminergic nuclei in the midbrain and brainstem. Habenula is known as an 'anti-reward' nucleus, which can be activated by aversive stimulus and negative reward prediction errors. Accumulating researchs have implicated that the habenula is involved in several behaviors crucial to survival. Meanwhile, the roles of the habenula in neuropsychiatric diseases have received increasing attention. This review summaries the studies regarding the roles of habenula and the related circuits in neuropathic pain, depression, drug addiction and schizophrenia, and discusses the possibility to use the habenula as a treatment target.


Subject(s)
Depressive Disorder , Habenula , Humans , Mental Disorders , Pathology , Mesencephalon , Neurons , Metabolism , Reward
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 388-394, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774823

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#BK virus-associated nephropathy (BKVN) is an important cause of chronic allograft dysfunction. The objective of our study was to evaluate the prognosis of BKVN.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the data of 133 renal transplant recipients with BKVN treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University between July 2007 and July 2017. BK viral loads, graft function, and pathologic indexes were compared between initial diagnosis and last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#After a mean follow-up period of 14.4 (range, 0.3-109.6) months after diagnosis of BKVN, BK viruria, and BK viremia become negative in 19.5% and 90.2% of patients, respectively. The mean estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at last follow-up was lower than at diagnosis of BKVN (18.3 ± 9.2 vs. 32.8 ± 20.6 mL·min·1.73 m, t = 7.426, P < 0.001). Eight (6.0%) patients developed acute rejection after reducing immunosuppression. At last follow-up, the eGFR was significantly lower in patients with subsequent rejection than those without (21.6 ± 9.8 vs. 33.5 ± 20.9 mL·min·1.73 m, t = 3.034, P = 0.011). In 65 repeat biopsies, SV40-T antigen staining remained positive in 40 patients and became negative in the other 20 patients. The eGFR (42.6 ± 14.3 vs. 26.5 ± 12.3 mL·min·1.73 m), urine viral loads (median, 1.3 × 10vs. 1.4 × 10 copies/mL), and plasma viral load (median, 0 vs. 0 copies/mL) were all significantly lower in patients with negative SV40-T antigen staining than those with persistent BK involvement (all, P < 0.05). Five (3.8%) recipients lost their graft at diagnosis of BKVN, and 13 (9.8%) lost their graft during the follow-up period. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year graft survival rates after diagnosis of BKVN were 99.2%, 90.7%, and 85.7%, respectively. Higher pathologic stage correlated with lower allograft survival rate (χ = 6.341, P = 0.042).@*CONCLUSION@#Secondary rejection and persistent histologic infection in BKVN lead to poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , BK Virus , Child , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Graft Rejection , Graft Survival , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Middle Aged , Polyomavirus Infections , Retrospective Studies , Viral Load , Viremia , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771511

ABSTRACT

This present study aims to establish a UPLC method for simultaneously determining eleven components such as new chlorogenic acid,chlorogenic acid,caffeic acid,cryptochlorogenic acid,artichoke,isochlorogenic acid A,isochlorogenic acid B,isochlorogenic acid C,rutin,hibisin and loganin in Lonicerae Japonicae Flos,Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis and leaves of Lonicera japonica and comparing the differences in the contents of phenolic acids,flavonoids and iridoid glycosides of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos,Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis and leaves of Lonicera japonica.The method was carried out on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.7 μm) by a gradient elution using acetonitrile and 0.1% phosphoric acid.The flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1.The column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃.The sample room temperature was 8 ℃.The wavelength was set at 326 nm for new chlorogenic acid,chlorogenic acid,caffeic acid,cryptochlorogenic acid,artichoke,isochlorogenic acid A,isochlorogenic acid B and isochlorogenic acid C,352 nm for rutin and lignin,and 238 nm for loganin.The injection volume was 1 μL.The eleven components has good resolution and was separated to baseline.Each component had a wide linear range and a good linear relationship(r≥0.999 6),the average recovery rate(n=9) was 98.96%,100.7%,97.24%,97.06%,99.53%,96.78%,98.12%,95.20%,95.12%,100.2%,98.61%and with RSD was 2.5%,1.4%,1.9%,2.1%,1.7%,1.9%,1.6%,2.0%,1.4%,2.2%,2.0%,respectively.Based on the results of the content determination,the chemometric methods such as cluster analysis and principal component analysis were used to compare the Lonicerae Japonicae Flos,Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis and leaves of Lonicera japonica.The results showed that Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and leaves of Lonicera japonica were similar in the chemical constituents,but both showed chemical constituents difference compored to Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis.The established multi-component quantitative analysis method can provide a reference for the quality control of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos,Lonicerae Japonicae Caulis and leaves of Lonicera japonica.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Flowers , Chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates , Iridoid Glycosides , Lonicera , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Quality Control
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