Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 14 de 14
Filter
1.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(Supl. 1): 267-277, ago. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533898

ABSTRACT

Natural and human-made disasters have long played a role in shaping the environment and microbial communities, also affecting non-microbial life on Earth. Disaster microbiology is a new concept based on the notion that a disaster changes the environment causing adaptation or alteration of microbial populations-growth, death, transportation to a new area, development traits, or resistance-that can have downstream effects on the affected ecosystem. Such downstream effects include blooms of microbial populations and the ability to colonize a new niche or host, cause disease, or survive in former extreme conditions. Throughout history, fungal populations have been affected by disasters. There are prehistoric archeological records of fungal blooms after asteroid impacts and fungi implicated in the fall of the dinosaurs. In recent times, drought and dust storms have caused disturbance of soil fungi, and hurricanes have induced the growth of molds on wet surfaces, resulting in an increased incidence of fungal disease. Probably, the anticipated increase in extreme heat would force fungi adaptation to survive at high temperatures, like those in the human body, and thus be able to infect mammals. This may lead to a drastic rise of new fungal diseases in humans.


Los desastres naturales o los causados por el hombre impactan la formación de ecosistemas y comunidades microbianas, y también afectan las formas de vida no microbianas. Este concepto es conocido como "microbiología de desastres", una subespecialización de la microbiología, basada en los cambios ambientales generados por un desastre y las posibles adaptaciones o alteraciones de las poblaciones microbianas -crecimiento, muerte, trasporte a una nueva región, o adquisición de resistencia o de nuevas características- que influirán en el moldeamiento del ecosistema transformado. Algunos de los efectos de estas adaptaciones pueden ser: el surgimiento de poblaciones microbianas, la habilidad de colonizar nuevos nichos u huéspedes, la generación de nuevas enfermedades, o el crecimiento de microorganismos en condiciones que antes eran "extremas" para ellos. A lo largo de la historia, varias poblaciones de hongos han sido afectadas por desastres. Existen registros arqueológicos prehistóricos que evidencian la presencia y el crecimiento de hongos luego del impacto de asteroides, y otros de hongos relacionados con la extinción de los dinosaurios. Actualmente, las sequías y las tormentas de polvo causan perturbaciones en las comunidades de hongos del suelo, y los huracanes inducen el crecimiento de hongos filamentosos en superficies húmedas, lo que aumenta la cantidad de enfermedades por hongos. Además, con el aumento de las temperaturas extremas es posible que los hongos puedan adaptarse para sobrevivir a temperaturas más altas, equivalentes a las temperaturas corporales, y nuevas especies puedan infectar mamíferos. Esto puede llevar a un aumento drástico de las infecciones fúngicas en humanos.


Subject(s)
Mycology , Natural Disasters , Climate Change , Fungi , Candida auris
2.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(Supl. 1): 278-287, ago. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533902

ABSTRACT

Candida auris has been recognized as an emerging multidrug-resistant pathogen with a significant public health burden, causing cases of invasive infection and colonization due to its persistence on inanimate surfaces, ability to colonize skin of some patients, and high transmissibility in healthcare settings. The first sporadic report of the isolation of this species from the ear canal of a patient in Asia was in 2009 and reports from other regions of the world soon followed. However, it was not until 2015 that global epidemiological alerts were communicated as a result of an increasing number of reports of invasive infections caused by C. auris in several countries. Colombia was soon added to this list in 2016 after an unusual increase in the number of C. haemulonii isolates was reported, later confirmed as C. auris. Since the issuing of a national alert by the Colombian National Institute of Health together with the Ministry of Health in 2016, the number of cases reported reached over 2,000 by 2022. Colombian isolates have not shown pan resistance to available antifungals, unlike C. auris strains reported in other regions of the world, which leaves patients in Colombia with therapeutic options for these infections. However, increasing fluconazole resistance is being observed. Whole-genome sequencing of Colombian C. auris isolates has enhanced molecular epidemiological data, grouping Colombian isolates in clade IV together with other South American isolates. Data from Colombia showed that public health authorities, scientific community, and the general public need to be aware of fungal diseases as they present an often-deadly threat to patients.


Candida auris ha sido reconocido como un agente patógeno multirresistente emergente con una carga significativa en la salud pública. Genera casos de infección invasiva y colonización debido a su persistencia en superficies inanimadas, su capacidad para colonizar fácilmente la piel de algunos pacientes y su alta transmisibilidad en el ambiente hospitalario. El primer reporte esporádico de esta especie fue en Asia en el 2009 cuando se realizó su aislamiento a partir del conducto auditivo de un paciente, y pronto le siguieron reportes en otras regiones del mundo. Sin embargo, no fue hasta 2015 que se conocieron las alertas epidemiológicas a nivel mundial debido a un aumento en el número de casos de infecciones causadas por C. auris en varios países. Colombia se sumó a la lista en 2016 luego de un aumento inusual en el número de aislamientos de C. haemulonii informados, que luego se confirmaron como C. auris. Desde que el Instituto Nacional de Salud junto con el Ministerio de Salud emitieron la Alerta Nacional en el 2016, el número de casos reportados superó los 2.000 en el 2022. Los aislamientos colombianos no han mostrado resistencia generalizada a los antifúngicos disponibles, contrario a lo reportado para cepas de C. auris en algunas regiones del mundo, por lo que los pacientes en Colombia aún cuentan con opciones terapéuticas para estas infecciones. No obstante, se ha observado un aumento en la resistencia al fluconazol. La secuenciación del genoma completo agrupó los aislamientos colombianos en el Ciado IV, junto con otros sudamericanos de C. auris, y aportó al conocimiento de los datos epidemiológicos moleculares de esta especie. Los datos de Colombia evidencian que las autoridades de salud pública, la comunidad científica y el público en general deben ser conscientes de las enfermedades fúngicas, ya que a menudo representan una amenaza mortal para los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Candida auris , Drug Resistance , Colombia , Whole Genome Sequencing , Fungi , Infections
3.
An. Fac. Med. (Perú) ; 82(1)mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505619

ABSTRACT

Candida auris es un hongo emergente, con gran relevancia en corto tiempo, como problema de salud pública mundial. Se reporta por primera vez en el Perú la presencia de Candida auris en 3 pacientes adultos internados en un hospital nacional de alta complejidad en el último trimestre del año 2020, durante la pandemia COVID-19. Los pacientes fueron hospitalizados en UCI; sin embargo, solo en 2 pacientes se aisló dicho germen durante su internamiento en UCI. Los pacientes tuvieron varias comorbilidades y tiempos prolongados de hospitalización desde su admisión hasta tener el primer cultivo positivo a C. auris. Todos los pacientes adquirieron una infección nosocomial bacteriana en algún momento de su hospitalización y recibieron antibióticos de amplio espectro. Todas las cepas aisladas fueron resistentes a fluconazol. El equipo de control de infecciones del hospital reforzó las medidas de contención y el Ministerio de Salud del Perú emitió una alerta epidemiológica.


Candida auris is an emerging fungus that has gained great relevance as a global public health problem in a short time. The presence of Candida auris in 3 adult patients admitted to a national hospital of high complexity in the last quarter of 2020 in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic is reported for the first time in Peru. The patients were hospitalized in the ICU, however, this germ was isolated in only 2 patients while they were hospitalized in the ICU. The patients had various comorbidities and long hospitalization times from admission to having their first culture positive for C. auris. All patients acquired a bacterial nosocomial infection at some point during their hospitalization and received broad-spectrum antibiotics. All isolates were resistant to fluconazole. The hospital's infection control team reinforced containment measures and the Ministry of Health of Peru issued an epidemiological alert.

4.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 94-96, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951122

ABSTRACT

Rationale: Candida auris is a potential emerging pathogen among Candida and causes serious health threats globally. Patient concerns: We reported a case of vulvovaginal candidiasis caused by Candida auris. A 26-year-old female presented with complaints of vaginal discharge, itching and low back pain. Diagnosis: High vaginal swab culture yielded Candida. The strain was confirmed as Candida auris by amplification and sequencing the internal transcribed spacer region. Antifungal susceptibility testing revealed that the isolate was resistant to fluconazole, amphotericin B and clotrimazole and susceptible to ketoconazole and nystatin. The isolate also exhibited biofilm forming ability. Interventions: Her symptoms did not subside with initial management with fluconazole and clotrimazole. Later, she was started on ketoconazole therapy. The patient responded well to ketoconazole. Outcome and lessons: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report about the presence of a drug resistant biofilm forming Candida auris strain isolated from a vaginal swab sample from Chennai area. Biofilm forming ability might contribute to its drug resistance. Nucleic acid analysis helps in rapid and accurate identification of such rare species.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 484-487, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912067

ABSTRACT

Candida auris ( C. auris) is a recently emerged multidrug-resistant fungal pathogen, featured by difficulty in identification, high mortality and easy spread in hospital environments. Furthermore, C. auris is resistant to various frontline antifungals. However, the mechanisms governing drug resistance remain unclear. This review summarized the mechanisms of triazole resistance in C. auris, including ERG11 missense mutations or overexpression, the activity of efflux pumps, missense mutations in TAC1 B, the gain of an extra copy of chromosomeⅤ, the role of Hsp90 and biofilm formation. In addition, the factors associated with the resistance to other drugs including echinocandins, polyenes, nucleoside analogues and acrylamide were also reviewed.

6.
Infectio ; 24(4): 224-228, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114873

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Comparar los resultados obtenidos de diferentes sistemas de identificación de C. auris. Métodos: Análisis descriptivo con datos recopilados durante 2016-19 mediante la vigilancia nacional. Se evaluaron los resultados generados por los sistemas MicroScan, Phoenix BD, VITEK 2 y MALDI-TOF MS de instituciones hospitalarias de 843 aislamientos clínicos sospechosos de C. auris remitidos al INS y se compararon con los resultados generados de confirmación a través de MALDI- TOF MS (Bruker Daltonics) o PCR. Resultados: De los 843 aislamientos clínicos remitidos al INS, el 81,7% fueron confirmados como C. auris mediante MALDI- TOF MS o PCR en el INS y el resto, 18,3%, fueron identificados como otras especies de Candida spp. Las identificaciones correctas enviadas por los laboratorios representaron el 42,4%. MicroScan identificó C. auris principalmente como C. haemulonii, C. guilliermondii, C. albicans y C. famata; Phoenix BD, VITEK 2 y MALDI-TOF MS identificó C. auris como C. haemulonii. Discusión: Estudios señalan que C. auris exhibe una estrecha relación filogenética con C. haemulonii. Las identificaciones discrepantes pueden darse debido a que las bases de datos de los sistemas de diagnóstico son limitadas para este patógeno. Las deficiencias de los sistemas comerciales para la identificación de C. auris deben ser complementados con otros sistemas como MALDI-TOF MS o pruebas moleculares.


Abstract Objective: To compare the identification results obtained by different identification systems of C. auris isolates. Methods: A descriptive study with data collected during the years 2016-19 through surveillance. The results generated by the MicroScan, Phoenix BD, VITEK 2 and MALDI-TOF MS systems of 843 clinical isolates of C. auris submitted to the INS were evaluated and compared with the results generated from confirmation through MALDI-TOF MS (Bruker Daltonics) or PCR. Results: Out of 843 clinical isolates submitted to the INS, 81.7% were confirmed as C. auris by MALDITOF MS or PCR in the INS and the rest, 18.3%, were identified as other species of Candida spp. The correct identifications sent by the laboratories was 42.4%. MicroScan identified C. auris as C. haemulonii, C. guilliermondii, C. albicans and C. famata; Phoenix BD, VITEK 2 and MALDI-TOF MS identified C. auris as C. haemulonii. Discussion: Studies indicate that C. auris exhibits a close phylogenetic relationship with C. haemulonii. In addition, discrepant identifications may occur because the databases of diagnostic systems are limited with reference to this pathogen. The deficiencies of commercial systems for the identification of C. auris must be complemented with other systems such as MALDI-TOF MS or molecular tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Candida , Surveillance in Disasters , Diagnosis , Laboratories , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Colombia , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , Alkalies
7.
San Salvador; MINSAL; oxt. 23, 2020. 18 p. ilus.
Non-conventional in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1129230

ABSTRACT

Ante el riesgo potencial de casos por este hongo en pacientes que consultan en el Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud, se elaboran los presentes lineamientos para el control y diagnóstico de infecciones por C. auris, contándose con la colaboración técnica de expertos internacionales del Centro para el Control y Prevención de Enfermedades de los Estados Unidos de América (CDC), de la Secretaría Ejecutiva del Consejo de Ministros de Salud de Centroamérica y República Dominicana (SE-COMISCA) y de un panel de expertos nacionales


Given the potential risk of cases due to this fungus in patients who consult in the National Integrated Health System, these guidelines are prepared for the control and diagnosis of C. auris infections, with the technical collaboration of international experts from the Center for the Disease Control and Prevention of the United States of America (CDC), the Executive Secretariat of the Council of Ministers of Health of Central America and the Dominican Republic (SE-COMISCA) and a panel of national experts


Subject(s)
Candida , Diagnosis , Fungi
8.
Rev. Fac. Med. (Bogotá) ; 68(3): 463-466, July-Sept. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1143736

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Candida auris is an opportunistic yeast associated with multiple infections, which was first reported in 2009 in Tokyo, Japan. Provided that it has great antifungal resistance to azoles and amphotericin B, its treatment options are limited, and therefore an empiric therapy using echinocandins such as micafungin should be considered. Case presentation: A rare case of a 48-year-old male patient with osteomyelitis caused by C. auris was reported in the city of Popayán, Colombia. The patient had a history of femoral head fracture, paraplegia due to firearm-related injury and neurogenic bladder, and reported having experienced abundant purulent foul-smelling secretions through trochanteric right ulcer for 15 days. MRI images revealed myositis and bone intensity alterations, which allowed diagnosing him with osteomyelitis. Due to repeated isolations of C. haemulonii in several bone samples, antifungal management was initiated. However, since no improvement in the patient's condition was observed, a culture was sent to the Colombian National Institute of Health to identify the pathogen considering the repeated isolations of C. haemulonii and its apparent resistance to antifungals. C. auris was finally confirmed as the pathogen. Conclusion: Osteomyelitis by C. auris is a rare entity, which must be considered when treating patients with predisposing risk factors such as long hospital stays, bearing in mind that this is an inpatient-associated opportunistic infection.


Resumen Introducción. Candida auris es una levadura oportunista asociada a múltiples infecciones que, en 2009, fue descrita por primera vez en Tokio, Japón. Dado que tiene una gran resistencia antifúngica a los azoles y a la anfotericina B, su manejo es limitado, por lo que se debe considerar iniciar un tratamiento empírico con equinocandinas como la micafungina. Presentación de caso. Caso inusual de osteomielitis por C. auris en un hombre de 48 años de Popayán, Colombia, con antecedentes de fractura de cabeza de fémur, paraplejia por herida con arma de fuego y vejiga neurogénica. El paciente tenía cuadro clínico de 15 días de evolución consistente en salida abundante de líquido purulento fétido en úlcera derecha por presión trocantérica. Mediante resonancia magnética se identificaron miositis y alteraciones de intensidad ósea, por lo que fue diagnosticado con osteomielitis. Debido a la identificación de aislamientos repetidos de Candida haemulonii en varias muestras óseas, se inició manejo antifúngico; sin embargo, ya que no se observó ninguna mejora en la condición del paciente, el cultivo fue enviado al Instituto Nacional de Salud para confirmar la identificación del patógeno debido a aislamientos repetidos de C. haemulonii y su aparente resistencia a los antifúngicos. Finalmente, el patógeno identificado fue C. auris. Conclusión. La osteomielitis por C. auris es una entidad inusual cuyo diagnóstico debe ser considerado en pacientes con factores de riesgo predisponente, como aquellos con larga estancia hospitalaria, ya que esta es una infección oportunista asociada a pacientes hospitalizados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteomyelitis , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Candida
9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-210700

ABSTRACT

Candida auris (C. auris) is an emerging multidrug resistant fungus considered as the cause of several nosocomialinfections of bad prognosis. This study presents a bibliometric analysis of global scientific research on C. auris sinceit was isolated first in 2009. A systematic search was conducted in Scopus databases in the period of 2009–2018 and atotal of 227 indexed documents were retrieved. A sharp increase in the number of studies related to drug and multidrugresistance of C. auris during 2016–2018 was observed, coinciding with an increase in the number of first-case andoutbreak reports worldwide. The leading countries based on the number of publications were United States, India,and the United Kingdom. Nevertheless, Netherlands ranked first when (i) ratio between the number of citations andnumber of publications, (ii) ratio between the number of publications and gross domestic product (GDP), and (iii) ratiobetween the number of citations and GDP were used as indicators of productivity. Despite the recent emergence of thetopic since the first-case report in 2009, recent research efforts have allowed identifying Ibrexafungerp (SCY-078) andRezafungin (CD101) as possible candidates for facing the actual antifungal resistance of C. auris.

10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1049-1055, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of growth and metabolism and the toxicity of under different conditions.@*METHODS@#We observed the growth of and under routine culture conditions and in different pH and salt concentrations, and compared their activities of sugar fermentation using microbiochemical reaction tubes. Four-week-old nude mice were randomized into infection group (=5), infection group (=5) and control group (=5) for intragastric administration of 0.3 mL suspension the two (5×10 cfu/mL) or 0.3 mL normal saline. Samples of the liver, kidney, intestine, feces and blood were taken for analysis of the distribution and toxicity of by fungal culture and histopathological examination.@*RESULTS@# exhibited logarithmic growth at 8-24 h after inoculation and showed stable growth after 24 h. showed optimal growth within the pH value range of 5-7 with a growth pattern identical to that of . grew better than in media containing 5% and 10% NaCl, and could ferment glucose, sucrose, trehalose and sorbitol. could be isolated from the feces, blood, liver and kidney of infected nude mice, and the liver had the highest fungal load (5.7 log cfu/g). could cause pathological changes in the liver and intestine of the mice, but with a lesser severity as compared with .@*CONCLUSIONS@# exhibits optimal growth in mildly acidic or neutral conditions with a high salt tolerance, and can potentially penetrate the intestinal barrier into blood and lead to tissue injuries in hosts with immunosuppression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antifungal Agents , Candida , Candida albicans , Candidiasis , Liver , Mice, Nude
11.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(6): 767-773, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058109

ABSTRACT

Resumen Candida auris es una levadura multi-resistente emergente con rápida diseminación mundial. Desde el primer reporte el 2009, varios aislados a través de los cinco continentes han sido identificados como agentes de infecciones asociadas a la atención en salud. Brotes independientes y simultáneos por C. auris se han vuelto prioridad para la comunidad hospitalaria y científica. Además, los errores en identificación y los perfiles de multi-resistencia, raramente observados para otras especies de Candida, resultan en una difícil erradicación y fallas terapéuticas frecuentes en infecciones por C. auris. Presentamos el primer aislamiento de una cepa de C. auris en un hospital en Santiago, en un paciente proveniente de la India, que fue admitido para tratamiento de su pie diabético. La cepa fue recuperada de un cultivo de tejido e identificada por VITEK® 2 Compact. La identificación de C. auris fue confirmada por MALDI-TOF MS y secuenciación. El aislado fue resistente a fluconazol y susceptible a anfotericina y caspofungina, según puntos de corte recomendados por el CDC. La emergencia de C. auris es alarmante debido a que el modo de transmisión dentro del ambiente hospitalario no es claro y probablemente es multifactorial.


Candida auris is an emerging multi-drug-resistant fungus that is rapidly spreading worldwide. Since the first reports in 2009, many isolates across five continents have been identified as agents of hospital-associated infections. Independent and simultaneous outbreaks of C. auris are becoming a major concern for healthcare and scientific community. Moreover, laboratory misidentification and multi-drug-resistant profiles, rarely observed for other non-albicans Candida species, result in difficult eradication and frequent therapeutic failures of C. auris infections. In this article we present the first case of isolation of a strain of C. auris at a hospital in Santiago, in a patient coming from India, who was admitted for treatment of diabetic foot complications. The strain was recovered from a tissue culture and identified by VITEK® 2 Compact. The accurate identification of C. auris was confirmed by means of MALDI-TOF MS and DNA sequence analysis. The isolate was resistant to fluconazole, retaining only susceptibility to amphotericin and caspofungin with MIC breakpoints recommended by CDC. The emergence of C. auris is alarming because the mode of transmission within the healthcare environment is not clear and is likely to be multifactorial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Candida/genetics , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Chile , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology
12.
Colomb. med ; 50(4): 293-298, Oct.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114722

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Candida auris is an emerging yeast frequently reported as resistant to multiple antifungal drugs commonly used to treat Candida infections. This specie can colonize the patient's skin and has great ability for producing outbreaks in hospitals. C. auris is phylogenetically related to other Candida species, can be misidentified using conventional biochemical or commercial methods and requires specific technology for its identification. Case report: We report the first isolate of C. auris in Cali, Colombia, from a central venous catheter in a 37-year-old patient with rheumatoid arthritis and endocarditis who did not have symptoms of sepsis. The yeast was initially misidentified as C. haemulonii using the Phoenix system and subsequently identified as C. auris by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The broth microdilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration; the isolate was susceptible to fluconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole and amphotericin B. Conclusions: This report contributes to knowledge of the epidemiology of C. auris infections in individuals with underlying disease and describes an isolate with a behavior different from what is usually reported.


Resumen Antecedentes: Candida auris es una levadura emergente, informada con frecuencia como resistente a diversos antifúngicos usados comúnmente para tratar infecciones por Candida. Esta especie puede colonizar la piel y tiene gran capacidad de producir brotes en ambientes hospitalarios. Está filogenéticamente relacionada con otras especies de Candida, es mal identificada por los métodos bioquímicos o comerciales, y requiere tecnología específica para su identificación. Reporte de caso: Se informa el primer aislamiento de C. auris en Cali, Colombia en un paciente de 37 años con artritis reumatoide y endocarditis, sin síntomas de sepsis, a partir de la punta de catéter venoso central. La levadura inicialmente se identificó como C. haemulonii por el sistema Phoenix® y posteriormente como C. auris por espectrometría de masas desorción/ionización láser asistida por una matriz con detección de masas por tiempo de vuelo (MALDI-TOF MS). Se determinó la concentración inhibitoria mínima por el método de microdilución en caldo que mostró un aislamiento sensible a fluconazol, itraconazol, voriconazol y anfotericina B. Conclusión: Este informe contribuye al conocimiento de la epidemiología de las infecciones por C. auris en individuos con enfermedad subyacente y describe un aislamiento con un comportamiento diferente a lo indicado en otros estudios.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Candida/isolation & purification , Candidiasis/diagnosis , Catheter-Related Infections/diagnosis , Antifungal Agents/administration & dosage , Candidiasis/microbiology , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Colombia , Catheter-Related Infections/microbiology , Catheter-Related Infections/drug therapy
13.
Annals of Clinical Microbiology ; : 81-89, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816602

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Candida auris was first isolated from the ears of Japanese and Korean patients. However, the prevalence of yeast isolates from ear cultures and their antifungal susceptibility profiles in these nations remain unclear.METHODS: We assessed yeast isolates recovered from ear cultures from a university hospital in Korea over a 4-year period from January 2014 to December 2017. Species identification was performed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and/or sequence analysis. Antifungal minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined using the broth microdilution method of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute.RESULTS: Among 81 non-duplicate isolates from ear cultures, Cadida parapsilosis was the most frequently detected yeast species (34.6%), followed by C. auris (28.4%), Candida metapsilosis (9.9%), Candida orthopsilosis (8.6%), Candida albicans (7.4%), and others (11.1%). The MICs of the isolates were 0.125 to > 64 µg/mL, ≤0.03 to 4 µg/mL, 0.25 to 1 µg/mL, 0.125 to 1 µg/mL, and ≤0.03 to 2 µg/mL for fluconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin B, caspofungin, and micafungin, respectively. Of the 81 isolates, 44.4% (36/81) showed decreased susceptibility to fluconazole (MIC ≥4 µg/mL). Of the 23 C. auris isolates, 19 (82.6%) had a fluconazole MIC of ≥32 µg/mL. None of the isolates showed resistance to amphotericin B or echinocandins. Most of these patients suffered from chronic otitis media (84%).CONCLUSION: Candida parapsilosis complex and C. auris were the yeast species identified most frequently from ear cultures and they exhibited a high rate of fluconazole non-susceptibility, particularly C. auris.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amphotericin B , Asian People , Candida , Candida albicans , Ear , Echinocandins , Fluconazole , Korea , Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Otitis Media , Prevalence , Sequence Analysis , Voriconazole , Yeasts
14.
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(3): 247-254, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-859840

ABSTRACT

Candida auris is a multidrug-resistant emerging yeast, which was responsible for healthcare-associated infection outbreaks, and was cataloged as a new species in 2009, after being isolated from a patient's ear canal secretion in Japan. Since the notification of this first occurrence, numerous cases have been reported throughout the world, including Brazil. C. auris affects mainly inpatients, patients in intensive care units, exposed to broad-spectrum antifungal medications and who make use of vascular catheters. Currently, this yeast is one of the main responsible for invasive infections in hospitals and has been cause of concern by authorities and organs due to its rapid dissemination and difficult treatment caused by its low susceptibility to antifungal agents traditionally used in clinical practice. As a contributor to the severity of infections associated with C. auris, the transmission mechanism is still unknown, which implies in a lack of control of the microorganism and high mortality rates. Thus, this literature review presents relevant information in order to alert the importance of C. auris as an etiological agent of systemic infections, as well as its epidemiology and the real challenges of the treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Candida/pathogenicity , Candidiasis/epidemiology , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Candida/drug effects , Candida/isolation & purification , Candidiasis/diagnosis , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Candidiasis/microbiology , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Fungal
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL