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1.
Rev. biol. trop ; 70(1)dic. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1387704

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Pathogenic protozoans, like Entamoeba histolytica and Trichomonas vaginalis, represent a major health problem in tropical countries; and polymeric nanoparticles could be used to apply plant extracts against those parasites. Objective: To test Curcuma longa ethanolic extract and Berberis vulgaris methanolic extracts, and their main constituents, against two species of protozoans. Methods: We tested the extracts, as well as their main constituents, curcumin (Cur) and berberine (Ber), both non-encapsulated and encapsulated in polymeric nanoparticles (NPs), in vitro. We also determined nanoparticle characteristics by photon correlation spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy, and hemolytic capacity by hemolysis in healthy erythrocytes. Results: C. longa consisted mainly of tannins, phenols, and flavonoids; and B. vulgaris in alkaloids. Encapsulated particles were more effective (P < 0.001); however, curcumin and berberine nanoparticles were the most effective treatments. CurNPs had IC50 values (µg/mL) of 9.48 and 4.25, against E. histolytica and T. vaginalis, respectively, and BerNPs 0.24 and 0.71. The particle size and encapsulation percentage for CurNPs and BerNPs were 66.5 and 73.4 nm, and 83.59 and 76.48 %, respectively. The NPs were spherical and significantly reduced hemolysis when compared to non-encapsulated extracts. Conclusions: NPs represent a useful and novel bioactive compound delivery system for therapy in diseases caused by protozoans.


Resumen Introducción: Los protozoos patógenos, como Entamoeba histolytica y Trichomonas vaginalis, representan un importante problema de salud en los países tropicales; y se podrían usar nanopartículas poliméricas para aplicar extractos de plantas contra esos parásitos. Objetivo: Probar los extractos etanólicos de Curcuma longa y Berberis vulgaris, y sus principales constituyentes, contra dos especies de protozoos. Métodos: Probamos los extractos, así como sus principales constituyentes, curcumina (Cur) y berberina (Ber), tanto no encapsulados como encapsulados en nanopartículas poliméricas (NPs), in vitro. También determinamos las características de las nanopartículas por espectroscopía de correlación de fotones y microscopía electrónica de barrido, y la capacidad hemolítica por hemólisis en eritrocitos sanos. Resultados: C. longa tenía principalmente: taninos, fenoles y flavonoides; y B. vulgaris, alcaloides. Las partículas encapsuladas fueron más efectivas (P < 0.001); sin embargo, las nanopartículas de curcumina y berberina fueron los tratamientos más efectivos. CurNPs tenía valores IC50 (µg/mL) de 9.48 y 4.25, contra E. histolytica y T. vaginalis, respectivamente, y BerNPs 0.24 y 0.71. El tamaño de partícula y el porcentaje de encapsulación para CurNPs y BerNPs fueron: 66.5 y 73.4 nm, y 83.59 y 76.48 %, respectivamente. Los NP son esféricos y redujeron significativamente la hemólisis en comparación con los extractos no encapsulados. Conclusiones: Las NP representan un sistema de administración de compuestos bioactivos útil y novedoso para la terapia enfermedades causadas por protozoos.


Subject(s)
Trichomonas vaginalis , Berberis vulgaris , Curcuma , Entamoeba histolytica
2.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 26(1): 119-124, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364911

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Aminoglycoside, as an antimicrobial medication, also has side-effects on the inner ears, bringing about hearing disorders. Curcumin has been proven to be a strong scavenger against various reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the increase in ROS production is considered to play an important role in the process of hearing disorder. Objective To prove that curcumin is an effective antioxidant to prevent cochlear damage based on malondialdehyde (MDA) expression. Methods The present research used 32 Rattus norvegicus, of the Wistar lineage, randomly divided into 8 groups: negative control, ototoxic control (a single dose of 40 mg/ml of gentamicin via intratympanic injection), 2 groups submitted to ototoxic control + curcumin treatment (100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg), 2 groups who iunderwent ototoxic control + curcumin treatment for 7 days, and two groups submitted to curcumin treatment as prevention for 3 days + ototoxic induction. Results The results showed that the lowest dosage of curcumin (100 mg/kg) could decrease MDA expression on the cochlear fibroblastic wall of the ototoxic model; however using greater doses of curcumin (200 mg/kg) for 7 days would provide a better effect. Curcumin could also significantly decrease MDA expression when it was administered during the preototoxic exposure. Conclusion Curcumin can be used as a therapy for ototoxic prevention based on the decrease in MDA expression.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2068-2076, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936557

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the regulatory effect of curcumin on memory follicular T cells (mTf) in obese mice with ulcerative colitis on the basis of determining its effective treatment of ulcerative colitis in obese mice. Forty male leptin mutant (ob/ob) mice were randomly divided into control group, control + curcumin group, dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) group and DSS + curcumin group, with 10 mice in each group. Mice in the DSS group and the DSS + curcumin group were induced by DSS to establish chronic ulcerative colitis model, and mice in the control + curcumin group and the DSS + curcumin group were given curcumin (200 mg·kg-1·d-1) by intragastric administration. Mice were sacrificed under anesthesia, and colon mass index, colon length and other conditions were observed in each group. Pathological injury of colonic was performed after HE staining. The levels of memory follicular helper T cells (mTfh) and memory follicular regulatory T cells (mTfr) in spleen of mice were detected by flow cytometry. The expression levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interleukin-17A (IL-17A) in colon tissue were detected by ELISA. The results showed that curcumin significantly increased the body weight and colon length of obese mice with colitis, and decreased the colon weight, colon mass index and pathological score (P < 0.05). Curcumin significantly reduced the levels of central memory follicular T cells (cmTf), mTfh1, mTfh17 cells and the content of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-17A (P < 0.01). The levels of effector memory follicular T cells (emTf) and mTfr and the content of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 were increased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Therefore, curcumin may treat colitis in obese mice by regulating the balance of mTf cell subsets.

4.
Tropical Biomedicine ; : 36-46, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936395

ABSTRACT

@#The present study evaluated the antiparasitic effect of curcumin extract on Schistosoma mansoni in Swiss albino mice. The experimental design included four groups of S. mansoniinfected mice; without treatment (controls), curcumin-treated, Praziquantel (PZQ)-treated, and PZQ +curcumin treated mice. The results showed that curcumin improved ISHAK confluent necrosis score up to zero. PZQ +curcumin showed a significant reduction in portal inflammation. Both activity and fibrosis demonstrated lower scores in all treated groups, however, PZQ revealed a marked increase in confluent necrosis and interface hepatitis. Besides, the lobular inflammation revealed worsening in the overall ISHAK score in all treated groups compared with the control. Few periocular granulomas were recovered by PZQ +curcumin treatment at day 35 post-treatment (6±1.2), P-value <0.05. Curcumin revealed a mild reduction (60±7.376). Curcumin-treated groups, with and without PZQ, resulted in higher significant Immunoreactivity score (IRS) for Bcl-2-associated X (BAX) and lower Interleukine17A (IL-17A), and Human epidermal growth factor (EGF), compared to the control. However, PZQ revealed a lower mean IRS value in BAX, higher IL-17A and EGF in the periovulatory granuloma. It was concluded that PZQ +curcumin treatment had a potent synergistic outcome through lessening the number of granulomas, the inflammatory events, and the expression of EGF, and amelioration of apoptosis in the periovulatory granulomas if compared with either PZQ or curcumin alone.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of curcumin on viability of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and analyze its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#In cell lines of A498 and 786-O, the effects of curcumin (1.25, 2.5, 5 and 10 μ mol/L) on the viability of ccRCC were analyzed at 24, 48 and 72 h by MTT assay. The protein expression levels of ADAMTS18 gene, p65, phosphorylation p65 (pp65), AKT, phosphorylation AKT (pAKT) and matrix metallopeptidase 2 (MMP-2) before and after curcumin (10 μ mol/L) treatment were examined by Western blotting. Real-time PCR and methylation specific PCR (MSP) were applied to analyze the expression and methylation level of ADAMTS18 gene before and after curcumin treatment (10 μ mol/L).@*RESULTS@#Curcumin significantly inhibited the viability of A498 and 786-O cell lines in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P<0.01). Up-regulation of ADAMTS18 gene expression with down-regulation of ADAMTS18 gene methylation was reflected after curcumin treatment, accompanied by down-regulation of nuclear factor κ B (NF-κ kB) related protein (p65 and pp65), AKT related protein (AKT and pAKT), and NF-κ B/AKT common related protein MMP-2. With ADAMTS18 gene overexpressed, the expression levels of p65, AKT and MMP2 were downregulated, of which were conversely up-regulated in silenced ADAMTS18 (sh-ADAMTS18). The expression of pp65, pAKT and MMP2 in sh-ADAMTS18 was down-regulated after being treated with PDTC (NF-κ B inhibitor) and LY294002 (AKT inhibitor).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Curcumin could inhibit the viability of ccRCC by down-regulating ADAMTS18 gene methylation though NF-κ B and AKT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
ADAMTS Proteins/metabolism , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Female , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920650

ABSTRACT

@#In this study, the formulation and preparation process of curcumin nanocrystalline injection were optimized to improve curcumin dissolution rate and bioavailability in vivo.Media grinding method was used to prepare curcumin nanocrystals, and the particle size was used as the evaluation index.The Box-Behnken experimental design was used to optimize its formulation and preparation process, and to characterize its physical and chemical properties.In addition, the dissolution of nanocrystal with different particle sizes was investigated by the paddle method, and the pharmacokinetics in rats were studied.The experimental results showed that the optimal formula and process were obtained through Box-Behnken experimental design, and that uniform curcumin nanocrystals with an average particle size of 223.1 nm were obtained.The results of X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry analysis showed that the crystal form was stable during the preparation of nanocrystals. In vitro dissolution experiments with different particle sizes showed that the dissolution rate and the degree of dissolution would increase if the particle size was smaller.Pharmacokinetic studies in rats showed that cmax and AUC0-∞ of curcumin nanocrystal injection were 4.9 and 4.1 times that of curcumin raw materials, respectively.In summary, the curcumin nanocrystal injection developed in this research have a stable preparation process and can significantly improve the dissolution rate and bioavailability of the drug, which provides some ideas for the research on curcumin preparation.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 373-377, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920402

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the synthesis method of curcumin nanoparticles grafted with deoxycholic acid and the effect of curcumin nanoparticles on human retinal pigment epithelial(hRPE)cells. <p>METHODS: The synthesis and performance analysis of Cur/Chit-DC. The relationship between FITC/Chit-DC and hRPE cells was observed under an inverted fluorescence microscope after treating hRPE cells with FITC(FITC/Chit-DC)and Cur/Chit-DC(FITC/Cur/Chit-DC)for 24h, keeping them in dark for 1, 3 and 5d respectively.<p>RESULTS: By mixing Cur and Chit-DC, the nanoparticles containing chitosan derivatives were light yellow. The drug release from the nanoparticles reached equilibrium after 96h, and the cumulative drug release amount was 31.6%. After FITC/Chit-DC was treated with hRPE cells for 1d, most of Chit-DC nanoparticles were still located near the cell membrane. After 3d, the nanoparticles gradually converged towards the nucleus and most of them were located around the nucleus. After 5d, it was observed that Chit-DC nanoparticles had entered the nucleus and were partially degraded under the action of intracellular lysosomes. The relationship between Cur/Chit-DC and cellular action is roughly the same as the relationship between Chit-DC and cellular action. <p>CONCLUSION: Cur can be continuously released from Cur/Chit-DC nanoparticle, which has long-lasting sustained-release function.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907158

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the release profile of curcumin and piperine from the compound self-microemulsion. Methods The release of curcumin and piperine in vitro was investigated by dynamic dialysis under the condition of phosphate buffer of pH 4.8 and 7.5 with 0.75% Tween-80. Results The cumulative release rates of curcumin in pH 4.8 and pH 7.5 were 94.85% and 84.38% in 108 h, respectively. The cumulative release rates of piperine were 92.85% and 90.05% in 36 h, separately. Conclusion Curcumin and piperine in self-microemulsion have sustained release properties and released more in the acidic environment similar to the environment in tumors.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects of curcumin(CUR) and its mechanism on a rat model of neurotoxicity induced by manganese chloride (MnCl2), which mimics mangnism.@*METHODS@#Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, with 12 rats in each group. Control group received 0.9% saline solution intraperitoneally (ip) plus double distilled water (dd) H2O intragastrically (ig), MnCl2 group received 15 mg/kg MnCl2(Mn2+ 6.48 mg/kg) intraperitoneally plus dd H2O intragastrically, CUR group received 0.9% saline solution intraperitoneally plus 300 mg/kg CUR intragastrically, MnCl2+ CUR1 group received 15 mg/kg MnCl2 intraperitoneally plus 100 mg/kg curcumin intragastrically, MnCl2+ CUR2 group received 15 mg/kg MnCl2 intraperitoneally plus 300 mg/kg CUR intragastrically, 5 days/week, 4 weeks. Open-field and rotarod tests were used to detect animals' exploratory behavior, anxiety, depression, movement and balance ability. Morris water maze (MWM) experiment was used to detect animals' learning and memory ability. ICP-MS was used to investigate the Mn contents in striata. The rats per group were perfused in situ, their brains striata were removed by brains model and fixed for transmission electron microscope (TEM), histopathological and immunohistochemistry (ICH) analyses. The other 6 rats per group were sacrificed. Their brains striata were removed and protein expression levels of transcription factor EB (TFEB), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p-mTOR, Beclin, P62, microtubule-associated protein light chain-3 (LC3) were detected by Western blotting. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transterase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining was used to determine neurocyte apoptosis of rat striatum.@*RESULTS@#After exposure to MnCl2 for four weeks, MnCl2-treated rats showed depressive-like behavior in open-field test, the impairments of movement coordination and balance in rotarod test and the diminishment of spatial learning and memory in MWM (P < 0.05). The striatal TH+ neurocyte significantly decreased, eosinophilic cells, aggregative α-Syn level and TUNEL-positive neurocyte significantly increased in the striatum of MnCl2 group compared with control group (P < 0.05). Chromatin condensation, mitochondria tumefaction and autophagosomes were observed in rat striatal neurocytes of MnCl2 group by TEM. TFEB nuclear translocation and autophagy occurred in the striatum of MnCl2 group. Further, the depressive behavior, movement and balance ability, spatial learning and memory ability of MnCl2+ CUR2 group were significantly improved compared with MnCl2 group (P < 0.05). TH+ neurocyte significantly increased, the eosinophilic cells, aggregative α-Syn level significantly decreased in the striatum of MnCl2+ CUR2 group compared with MnCl2 group. Further, compared with MnCl2 group, chromatin condensation, mitochondria tumefaction was alleviated and autophagosomes increased, TFEB-nuclear translocation, autophagy was enhanced and TUNEL-positive neurocyte reduced significantly in the striatum of MnCl2+ CUR2 group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Curcumin alleviated the MnCl2-induced neurotoxicity and α-Syn aggregation probably by promoting TFEB nuclear translocation and enhancing autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Chromatin , Curcumin/pharmacology , Male , Mammals , Manganese/toxicity , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saline Solution/pharmacology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940445

ABSTRACT

Post-stroke depression, a common mental complication after stroke, seriously affects the quality of life and even endangers the life safety of patients. It is difficult to be cured due to the complex and diverse pathogenesis. At present, the widely accepted pathogenesis mechanisms include inflammatory mechanism, neurotransmitter mechanism, and endocrine mechanism. According to the theory of Chinese medicine, Qi stagnation, blood stasis, and phlegm turbidity lead to the occurrence of mental diseases after stroke. Curcumae Radix, as a commonly used Chinese herbal medicine, can activate blood circulation for relieving pain, regulate Qi, and relieve depression. The summary of the medication rules of DENG Tie-tao, ZHANG Xue-wen and other Chinese medical physicians showcases that Curcumae Radix is frequently used in the clinical treatment of depression, stroke, and post-stroke depression. Modern pharmacological studies have demonstrated that Curcumae Radix contains β-sitosterol, curdione, curcumin and other medicinal ingredients. This study reviewed the pharmacological effects of effective components in Curcumae Radix and the pharmacological mechanism in the treatment of post-stroke depression and summarized the processing methods of Curcumae Radix, aiming to clarify the important role and determine the optimal processing method of Curcumae Radix in the treatment of post-stroke depression. The results indicate that Curcumae Radix has the effects of regulating neurotransmitters, inhibiting neuroinflammation, protecting neurons, regulating neuroendocrine and antithrombosis, which can prevent and treat post-stroke depression through multiple components, targets, and pathways. The wine-processed Curcuma longa has the best effect.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940427

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Jiangzhi Tongluo soft capsule on the protein levels of silent mating-type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) and forkhead transcription factor FoxO3 and podocyte apoptosis in the renal tissue of rats with membranous nephropathy and to reveal the underlying molecular mechanisms for the treatment of MN. MethodSixty male SD rats were randomly assigned into 6 groups with 10 rats each. The six groups included a normal group, a model group, benazepril hydrochloride group, and Jiangzhi Tongluo soft capsule groups of low, medium and high doses (25, 50, 100 mg·kg-1, respectively). The model rats were established by injection with cationized bovine serum albumin into the tail vein. After modeling, the rats were administrated with corresponding agents by gavage for 4 weeks. At the end of the 4th week, an electron microscope was used to observe the pathological changes in the kidney. Western blot was employed to detect the protein levels of SIRT1 and FoxO3 protein in rat kidney, and immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of B lymphocytoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), Bcl-2-associated death promoter (Bad), and podocyte split diaphragm proteins nephrin and podocin. ResultCompared with normal group, the expression of pro-apoptotic factors Bax, Bad, and FoxO3 in the kidney was up-regulated (P<0.05), while that of anti-apoptotic factors Bcl-2, SIRT1, nephrin, and podocin was down-regulated (P<0.05) after modeling. Compared with the model group, the treatments down-regulated the expression of Bax, Bad, and FoxO3 (P<0.05) and up-regulated that of Bcl-2, SIRT1, nephrin, and podocin (P<0.05). ConclusionJiangzhi Tongluo soft capsule may regulate the SIRT1/FoxO3 pathway to reduce podocyte apoptosis and maintain podocyte structure stability, thereby exerting the renal protection effect.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939677

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: To explore the effect and mechanism of curcumin on human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cell apoptosis induced by Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitors UMI-77.@*METHODS@#T-ALL cell line Molt-4 was cultured, and the cells were treated with different concentrations of curcumin and Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 for 24 h. The MTT method was used to detect the cell survival rate after different treatment; According to the results of curcumin and UMI-77, the experimental settings were divided into control group, curcumin group (20 μmol/L curcumin treated cells), UMI-77 group (15 μmol/L Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 treated cells) and curcumin+ UMI-77 group (20 μmol/L curcumin and 15 μmol/L Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 treated cells), MTT method was used to detect cell proliferation inhibition rate, Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining method and TUNEL staining were used to detect cell apoptosis, DCFH-DA probe was used to detect cell reactive oxygen species, JC-1 fluorescent probe was used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential, Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and Notch1 signaling pathway-related proteins.@*RESULTS@#After the treatment of Molt-4 cells with different concentrations of curcumin and Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77, the cell survival rate was decreased (P<0.05); Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation inhibition rate of the curcumin group and the UMI-77 group were increased, the apoptosis rate of cell was increased, the level of ROS was increased, the protein expression of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in the cells were all increased, and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was reduced (P<0.05); Compared with the curcumin group or UMI-77 group, the cell proliferation inhibition rate and apoptosis rate of the curcumin+UMI-77 group were further increased, and the level of ROS was increased. At the same time, the protein expression of Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 in the cells were all increased, the protein expression of Bcl-2 was reduced (P<0.05); In addition, the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells after curcumin treatment was decreased, and the proteins expression of Notch1 and HES1 were reduced (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Curcumin can enhance the apoptosis of T-ALL cells induced by Mcl-1 small molecule inhibitor UMI-77 by reducing the mitochondrial membrane potential, the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of Notch1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , Humans , Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein/metabolism , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology , Sulfonamides , Thioglycolates , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology
13.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 250-257,C4-2, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the efficacy and safety of curcumin in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Methods:The randomized controlled trials of curcumin in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis published from January 2011 to August 2021 were retrieved. The bias risk of the included literatures was evaluated by Revman 5.3 software, and the efficacy related indexes and the incidence of adverse events were analyzed by Stata 16.0 software. The weighted mean difference ( WMD) was calculated for the difference of efficacy indexes, the odds ratio ( OR) was calculated for the difference of safety indexes, the difference was compared by t test. Results:① A total of 9 relevant literatures were included, all of which were in English. ② A total of 724 patients were included in the study, of which 383 were treated with curcumin capsules and 341 were treated with placebo. ③ The visual analogue scale/score (VAS) of patients treated with oral curcumin at 3-4, 6 and 8 weeks were significantly lower than those of patients treated with oral placebo, the differences were statistically significant [weighted mean difference ( WMD)=-1.09, 95% CI (-1.44, -0.73), P<0.001; WMD=-1.52, 95% CI (-2.35, -0.69), P<0.001; WMD=-1.20, 95% CI(-1.71, -0.69), P<0.001]. ④ The western Ontario and McMaster universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) scores of patients treated with oral curcumin for 3-4 and 6-8 weeks were significantly lower than those of patients treated with oral placebo, and the differences were statistically significant [ WMD=-7.96, 95% CI(-14.89, -1.04), P=0.020; WMD=-15.34, 95% CI(-20.51, -10.18), P<0.001]. Specifically, the WOMAC pain and stiffness scores of patients treated with oral curcumin for 6-8 weeks were significantly lower than those of patients treated with oral placebo, and the differences were statistically significant [ WMD=-2.16, 95% CI(-3.69, -0.63), P=0.010; WMD=-1.00, 95% CI (-1.54, -0.46), P<0.001]. The WOMAC joint function scores of patients treated with oral curcumin for 3-4 and 6-8 weeks were significantly lower than those of patients treated with oral placebo, the difference was statistically significant [ WMD=-3.21, 95% CI(-4.51, -1.92), P<0.001; WMD=-7.07, 95% CI(-11.19, -2.94), P<0.001]. ⑤ There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse events between oral curcumin and placebo [ OR=1.19, 95% P(0.74, 1.90), P=0.478]. Conclusion:Compared with placebo, oral curcumin can significantly alleviate the pain, stiffness and joint function of patients with knee osteoarthritis, and its safety is similar to placebo.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of curcumin on the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein (NLRP3) inflammasome in cardiomyocytes of rats with early sepsis and its mechanism.Methods:Twenty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: the sham-operated group (sham group, n=8), the sepsis group ( n=8), and the curcumin intervention group (Cur group, n=8). A rat model of sepsis was prepared by cecal ligation and perforation (CLP). After modeling, 100 mg/kg of curcumin was intraperitoneally injected and repeated 24 h later. Rats in the sepsis group were injected with normal saline. The levels of myocardial injury-specific troponin T (cTnT) in rat plasma were detected by ELISA at 6, 24, and 48 h. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological injury of the myocardium in the myocardial tissue of rat at 48 h. The apoptosis of cardiomyocytes was detected by TUNEL assay. The expression levels of Cleaved caspase-1, NLRP3 and IL-1β protein were detected by Western blot, and the ultrastructural changes of the cardiomyocytes were observed under a transmission electron microscope. Results:The levels of cTnT in rat plasma at 6, 24, and 48 h in the Cur group were significantly lower than those in the sepsis group ( P<0.05). HE staining showed infiltration, cell edema and necrosis of myocardial inflammatory cells in the sepsis group, while only partial cell edema and necrosis were observed in the Cur group. TUNEL assay showed that the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes in the Cur group was significantly lower than that in the sepsis group [(28.4±2.3)% vs. (43.6±3.8)%, P<0.05]. The expression levels of Cleaved caspase-1, NLRP3 and IL-1β in the Cur group were lower than those in the sepsis group and higher than those in the sham-operated group ( P<0.05). Under transmission electron microscopy, the nuclei in the sham-operated group had intact membranes and uniform chromatin distribution; in the sepsis group chromatin margination, pyknosis, mitochondrial cristae breakage, cavitation, and partial breakage of sarcomere were observed; while in the Cur group partial chromatin margination, slightly edema and dilation of mitochondria, with basically complete morphology were observed. Conclusions:Curcumin inhibits NLRP3-mediated acute myocardial injury in septic rats, and its mechanism may be related to pyroptosis induced by the down-regulation of the expression of Cleaved caspase-1 and IL-1β protein.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2280-2299, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929398

ABSTRACT

Disturbance of macrophage-associated lipid metabolism plays a key role in atherosclerosis. Crosstalk between autophagy deficiency and inflammation response in foam cells (FCs) through epigenetic regulation is still poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that in macrophages, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) leads to abnormal crosstalk between autophagy and inflammation, thereby causing aberrant lipid metabolism mediated through a dysfunctional transcription factor EB (TFEB)-P300-bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) axis. ox-LDL led to macrophage autophagy deficiency along with TFEB cytoplasmic accumulation and increased reactive oxygen species generation. This activated P300 promoted BRD4 binding on the promoter regions of inflammatory genes, consequently contributing to inflammation with atherogenesis. Particularly, ox-LDL activated BRD4-dependent super-enhancer associated with liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) on the regulatory regions of inflammatory genes. Curcumin (Cur) prominently restored FCs autophagy by promoting TFEB nuclear translocation, optimizing lipid catabolism, and reducing inflammation. The consequences of P300 and BRD4 on super-enhancer formation and inflammatory response in FCs could be prevented by Cur. Furthermore, the anti-atherogenesis effect of Cur was inhibited by macrophage-specific Brd4 overexpression or Tfeb knock-out in Apoe knock-out mice via bone marrow transplantation. The findings identify a novel TFEB-P300-BRD4 axis and establish a new epigenetic paradigm by which Cur regulates autophagy, inhibits inflammation, and decreases lipid content.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2522-2532, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929396

ABSTRACT

Radiation therapy is an effective method to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors using high-energy X-ray or γ-ray. Radiation pneumonitis (RP) is one of the most serious complications of radiation therapy for thoracic cancers, commonly leading to serious respiratory distress and poor prognosis. Here, we prepared curcumin-loaded mesoporous polydopamine nanoparticles (CMPN) for prevention and treatment of RP by pulmonary delivery. Mesoporous polydopamine nanoparticles (MPDA) were successfully synthesized with an emulsion-induced interface polymerization method and curcumin was loaded in MPDA via π‒π stacking and hydrogen bonding interaction. MPDA owned the uniform spherical morphology with numerous mesopores that disappeared after loading curcumin. More than 80% curcumin released from CMPN in 6 h and mesopores recovered. CMPN remarkably protected BEAS-2B cells from γ-ray radiation injury by inhibiting apoptosis. RP rat models were established after a single dose of 15 Gy 60Co γ-ray radiation was performed on the chest area. Effective therapy of RP was achieved by intratracheal administration of CMPN due to free radical scavenging and anti-oxidation ability, and reduced proinflammatory cytokines, high superoxide dismutase, decreased malondialdehyde, and alleviated lung tissue damages were observed. Inhaled CMPN paves a new avenue for the treatment of RP.

17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 193-203, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929228

ABSTRACT

Metabolic syndrome (MS) involves people with the following risk factors: obesity, hypertension, high glucose level and hyperlipidemia. It can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of MS in the world's adult population is about 20%-25%. Today, there is much care to use medicinal plants. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) as well as curcumin which is derived from the rhizome of the plant, has been shown beneficial effects on different components of MS. Thus, the purpose of this manuscript was to introduce different in vitro, in vivo and human studies regarding the effect of turmeric and its constituent on MS. Moreover, different mechanisms of action by which this plant overcomes MS have been introduced. Based on studies, turmeric and its bioactive component, curcumin, due to their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, have antidiabetic effects through increasing insulin release, antihyperlipidemic effects by increasing fatty acid uptake, anti-obesity effects by decreasing lipogenesis, and antihypertensive effects by increasing nitric oxide. According to several in vivo, in vitro and human studies, it can be concluded that turmeric or curcumin has important values as a complementary therapy in MS. However, more clinical trials should be done to confirm these effects.


Subject(s)
Curcuma , Curcumin/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Humans , Metabolic Syndrome/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Rhizome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928171

ABSTRACT

Curcuma kwangsiensis root tuber is a widely used genuine medicinal material in Guangxi, with the main active components of terpenoids and curcumins. It has the effects of promoting blood circulation to relieve pain, moving Qi to relieve depression, clearing heart and cooling blood, promoting gallbladder function and anti-icterus. Modern research has proved its functions in liver protection, anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, blood lipid reduction and immunosuppression. Considering the research progress of C. kwangsiensis root tubers and the core concept of quality marker(Q-marker), we predicted the Q-markers of C. kwangsiensis root tubers from plant phylogeny, chemical component specificity, traditional pharmacodynamic properties, new pharmacodynamic uses, chemical component measurability, processing methods, compatibility, and components migrating to blood. Curcumin, curcumol, curcumadiol, curcumenol, curdione, germacrone, and β-elemene may be the possible Q-markers. Based on the predicted Q-markers, the mechanisms of the liver-protecting and anti-tumor activities of C. kwangsiensis root tubers were analyzed. AKT1, IL6, EGFR, and STAT3 were identified as the key targets, and neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction signaling pathway, nitrogen metabolism pathway, cancer pathway, and hepatitis B pathway were the major involved pathways. This review provides a basis for the quality evaluation and product development of C. kwangsiensis root tubers and gives insights into the research on Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
China , Curcuma/chemistry , Humans , Liver , Neoplasms , Terpenes/pharmacology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927958

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the correlations between curcumin(Cur), nuclear factor E2 related factor 2(NRF2)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase(DDAH)-asymmetric dimethylarginine(ADMA)-nitric oxide(NO) pathway, and endothelial-mesenchymal transition(EndMT) based on SD rats with cardiac fibrosis, and explored the effect and mechanism of Cur in resisting cardiac fibrosis to provide an in-depth theoretical basis for its clinical application in the treatment of heart failure. The cardiac fibrosis model was induced by subcutaneous injection of isoprenaline(Iso) in rats. Thirty-two rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose Cur group(100 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), and a high-dose Cur group(200 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with eight in each group. After 21 days of treatment, cardiac function was detected by echocardiography, degree of cardiac fibrosis by Masson staining, expression of CD31 and α-SMA by pathological staining, expression of VE-cadherin, vimentin, NRF2, and DDAH by Western blot, and ADMA level by HPLC. Compared with the model group, the Cur groups showed alleviated cardiac fibrosis, accompanied by increased CD31 and VE-cadherin expression and decreased α-SMA and vimentin expression, indicating relieved EndMT. Additionally, DDAH and NRF2 levels were elevated and ADMA and NO expression declined. Cur improves cardiac fibrosis by inhibiting EndMT presumedly through the NRF2-DDAH-ADMA-NO pathway.


Subject(s)
Amidohydrolases/metabolism , Animals , Curcumin , Fibrosis , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924001

ABSTRACT

@#Curcumin is a natural medicine with a wide range of sources and low toxicity. It has antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and other pharmacological effects. In recent years, curcumin has attracted much attention in the field of prevention and treatment of oral infectious diseases. Single curcumin is easily degraded during application and has poor water solubility and low bioavailability, but it can be used as a natural photosensitizer to mediate photodynamic treatment of oral infections. Photodynamic therapy has high antibacterial efficiency and can better protect the appearance and function of the affected area. This article reviews the research on curcumin-mediated photodynamic therapy for oral infectious diseases. As a natural photosensitizer, curcumin mediates photodynamic therapy and has shown good therapeutic effects against dental caries, endodontics, periodontitis, oral candidiasis and other oral infectious diseases by enhancing antibacterial ability, increasing the production of reactive oxygen species, and inhibiting the formation of biofilms. In-depth exploration of the mechanism of action of curcumin-mediated photodynamic therapy in different oral infectious diseases can provide new strategies for the prevention and treatment of oral infectious diseases.

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